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Encyclopedia > Uppsala University

Uppsala University
Uppsala universitet

Latin: Universitas Regia Upsaliensis, also Academia Regia Upsaliensis

Motto Gratiae veritas naturae (Truth through God's mercy and nature)
Established 1477
Type Public university
Rector magnificus and Vice Chancellor Prof. Anders Hallberg
Staff 6,000 (3,800 teaching)
Undergraduates 40,000
Doctoral students 2,400
Location Uppsala, Sweden
Affiliations Coimbra Group
EUA
Website http://www.uu.se/
The Neo-Renaissance main University building in the University Park, Uppsala (designed by Herman Teodor Holmgren and completed in 1887).
The Neo-Renaissance main University building in the University Park, Uppsala (designed by Herman Teodor Holmgren and completed in 1887).

Uppsala University (Swedish Uppsala universitet) is a public university in Uppsala, Sweden, 64 kilometres (40 miles) north-northwest of Stockholm.[1] Founded in 1477, it claims to be the oldest university in Scandinavia, outdating the University of Copenhagen by two years (although, unlike Copenhagen, there was no teaching in Uppsala between 1515 and 1595).[2] After a turbulent period following the reformation, the university rose to some significance with the rise of Sweden as a Great Power and a leading Lutheran state from the end of the 16th century (circa 1593). Uppsala University was given a relative financial stability with the large donation of King Gustavus Adolphus in the early 17th century. Uppsala University seal This work is copyrighted. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... The date of establishment or date of founding of an institution is the date on which that institution chooses to claim as its starting point. ... Events January 5 - Battle of Nancy - Charles the Bold of Burgundy is again defeated, and this time is killed. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... The word rector (ruler, from the Latin regere) has a number of different meanings. ... For other uses, see Vice-Chancellor (disambiguation). ... Anders Hallberg (b. ... Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. ... In some educational systems, undergraduate education is post-secondary education up to the level of a Bachelors degree. ... Aquatint of a Doctor of Divinity at the University of Oxford, in the scarlet and black academic robes corresponding to his position. ... Uppsala (older spelling Upsala) is a city in central Sweden, located about 70 km north of Stockholm. ... The Coimbra Group (CG) is a network of European universities that gathers 38 universities, some of which are among the oldest and most prestigious in Europe. ... The European University Association (EUA) is the main voice of the higher education community in Europe. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Main University building, Uppsala. ... Main University building, Uppsala. ... Château de Ferrières 1855 Mentmore Towers English Neo-Renaissance of the 1850s. ... Uppsala University main building Herman Teodor Holmgren (31 March 1842 – 24 May 1914) was a Swedish architect. ... For the community in Florida, see University, Florida. ... Uppsala (older spelling Upsala) is a city in central Sweden, located about 70 km north of Stockholm. ... For other uses, see Stockholm (disambiguation). ... Events January 5 - Battle of Nancy - Charles the Bold of Burgundy is again defeated, and this time is killed. ... For other uses, see Scandinavia (disambiguation). ... Main campus on Frue Plads. ... During the 17th century, despite having scarcely more than 1 million inhabitants, Sweden emerged as a Great Power after winning wars against Denmark–Norway, Russia, and Poland. ... Events May 18 - Playwright Thomas Kyds accusations of heresy lead to an arrest warrant for Christopher Marlowe. ... Gustav II Adolf (9 December 1594 – 6 November 1632 O.S.), widely known by the Latinized name Gustavus (II) Adolphus and sometimes as Gustav Adolf the Great (Swedish: ), was King of Sweden from 1611 until his death. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ...


The university has for centuries been an important place of science and learning, represented by names such as Linnaeus, Celsius, and Ångström, and in more recent times by several Nobel laureates in the sciences - such as Svante August Arrhenius. In addition, Uppsala also has an important place in Swedish national culture and identity: in historiography, literature and music, represented by names such as Rudbeck, Geijer, Atterbom, and Strindberg. Many aspects of Swedish academic culture in general, such as the white student cap, originated in Uppsala. It shares some peculiarities, such as the student nation system, with Lund University (founded in 1666) and the University of Helsinki. Carl Linnaeus, Latinized as Carolus Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as  , (May 13, 1707[1] – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist[2] who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. ... Anders Celsius The observatory of Anders Celsius, from a contemporary engraving. ... Anders Jonas Ã…ngström Anders Jonas Ã…ngström (August 13, 1814 – June 21, 1874) was a physicist in Sweden, one of the founders of the science of spectroscopy. ... The Nobel Prizes (Swedish: ), as designated in Alfred Nobels will in 1895, are awarded for physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature, and peace. ... Svante August Arrhenius (February 19, 1859 – October 2, 1927) was a Swedish chemist and one of the founders of the science of physical chemistry. ... Olaus Rudbeck, painted in 1696 by Martin Mijtens the Elder. ... Erik Gustaf Geijer. ... Per Daniel Amadeus Atterbom (1790 - 1855) was a Swedish romantic poet, and a member of the Swedish Academy. ... August Strindberg Portrait of August Strindberg by Richard Bergh   (January 22, 1849 – May 14, 1912) was a Swedish writer, playwright, and painter. ... The student nations at the two ancient universities in Uppsala and Lund, of which there are now thirteen at each university, are the oldest student societies in Sweden. ... Lund University (Swedish: ), located in Lund in southernmost Sweden, is one of Swedens most prestigious universities[2] and Scandinavias largest institution for education and research[3], frequently ranked among the worlds top 100 universities[4][5]. The university was founded in 1666 and is the second oldest... University of Helsinki is not to be confused with Helsinki University of Technology. ...


The university has nine faculties distributed over three so-called disciplinary domains. It has about 40,000 students studying on an undergraduate level or enrolled in professional programs, and about 2,400 doctoral students. It has a teaching staff of 3,800 out of a total of 6,000 employees. Of its annual turnover of around 4 billion SEK, approximately 60% goes to graduate studies and research. It belongs to the Coimbra Group of European universities. The Coimbra Group (CG) is a network of European universities that gathers 38 universities, some of which are among the oldest and most prestigious in Europe. ...


Uppsala University has traditionally had a strong presence in the area around the cathedral on the western side of the River Fyris, and although lack of space has forced it ever since the late 19th century to seek areas for expansion further towards the western and southwestern periphery of Uppsala, the presence of the university still dominates the historic centre of the town. The Cathedral of Uppsala. ... Fyrisån is a river in the Swedish province of Uppland, which passes the city of Uppsala and ends in lake Mälaren. ...

Contents

History

Before the reformation

As with most medieval universities, Uppsala University initially grew out of an ecclesiastical center. The archbishopric of Uppsala had been one of the most important sees in Sweden proper since Christianity first spread to this region in the ninth century. Uppsala had also long been a hub for regional trade, and had contained settlements dating back into the deep Middle Ages. As was also the case with most medieval universities, Uppsala had initially been chartered through a papal bull. Uppsala’s bull, which granted the university its corporate rights, was issued by Pope Sixtus IV in 1477, and established a number of provisions. Among the most important of these was that the university was officially given the same freedoms and privileges as the University of Bologna. This included the right to establish the four traditional faculties of theology, law (Canon Law and Roman law), medicine, and philosophy, and to award the bachelors, masters, licentiate, and doctorate degrees. The archbishop of Uppsala was also named as the university’s Chancellor, and was charged with maintaining the rights and privileges of the university and its members. The Patriarchal cross The Archbishops Palace in Uppsala, designed in the 18th century by the architect Carl HÃ¥rleman, but built on older foundations. ... A see (from the Latin word sedem, meaning seat) is the throne (cathedra) of a bishop. ... Sweden proper, or Egentliga Sverige, is a term used to distinguish those territories that were fully integrated into the Kingdom of Sweden, as opposed to the dominions and possessions of, or states in union with, the Realm of Sweden. ... Papal bull of Pope Urban VIII, 1637, sealed with a leaden bulla. ... Sixtus IV, born Francesco della Rovere (July 21, 1414 - August 12, 1484) was Pope from 1471 to 1484, essentially a Renaissance prince, the Sixtus of the Sistine Chapel where the team of artists he brought together introduced the Early Renaissance to Rome with a masterpiece. ... The University of Bologna (Italian: , UNIBO) is the oldest continually operating degree-granting university in the world, and the second biggest university in Italy. ... Theology finds its scholars pursuing the understanding of and providing reasoned discourse of religion, spirituality and God or the gods. ... For other uses, see Law (disambiguation). ... Canon Law is the ecclesiastical law of the Roman Catholic Church. ... Using the term Roman law in a broader sense, one may say that Roman law is not only the legal system of ancient Rome but the law that was applied throughout most of Europe until the end of the 18th century. ... For the chemical substances known as medicines, see medication. ... For other uses, see Philosophy (disambiguation). ... A Chancellor is the head of a university. ...


The crisis of the 16th century

In the late 16th and early 17th century the university was mainly located in the old chapter house, later renamed Academia Carolina. Here it is depicted (to the left) on an 18th century engraving, a few years before it was demolished. To the right is the 17th century Oxenstierna Palace, which in the 18th century was used for the university hospital, and now houses the Faculty of Law. In the center a part of Skytteanum (the residence of the professor skytteanus) can be seen. The cathedral is to the left, just outside the picture. Engraving by F. Akrelius in: J. B. Busser, Beskrifning om Upsala (1769).
In the late 16th and early 17th century the university was mainly located in the old chapter house, later renamed Academia Carolina. Here it is depicted (to the left) on an 18th century engraving, a few years before it was demolished. To the right is the 17th century Oxenstierna Palace, which in the 18th century was used for the university hospital, and now houses the Faculty of Law. In the center a part of Skytteanum (the residence of the professor skytteanus) can be seen. The cathedral is to the left, just outside the picture. Engraving by F. Akrelius in: J. B. Busser, Beskrifning om Upsala (1769).

The turbulent period of the reformation of King Gustavus Vasa resulted in a drop in the already relatively insignificant number of students in Uppsala, which was seen as a center of Catholicism and of potential disloyalty to the Crown. Swedish students generally travelled to one of the Protestant universities in Germany, especially Wittenberg. There is some evidence of academic studies in Uppsala during the 16th century; the Faculty of Theology is mentioned in a document from 1526, King Eric XIV appointed Laurentius Petri Gothus (later archbishop) rector of the university in 1566, and his successor and brother John III appointed a number of professors in the period 1569-1574. At the end of the century the situation had changed, and Uppsala became a bastion of Lutheranism, which Duke Charles, the third of the sons of Gustavus Vasa to eventually become king (as Charles IX) used to consolidate his power and eventually oust his nephew Sigismund from the throne. The Meeting of Uppsala in 1593 established Lutheran orthodoxy in Sweden, and Charles and the Council of state gave new privileges to the university on August 1 of the same year. Download high resolution version (1062x906, 504 KB)18th century picture of Riddartorget in Uppsala, with the later demolished Academia Carolina (the old chapter house) to the left. ... Download high resolution version (1062x906, 504 KB)18th century picture of Riddartorget in Uppsala, with the later demolished Academia Carolina (the old chapter house) to the left. ... Gustav I of Sweden, Gustav Vasa or Gustav Eriksson Vasa (1496 - 1560), became king of Sweden in 1523 and was the first monarch of the house of Vasa. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... The Martin-Luther-University of Halle-Wittenberg is located in the German cities of Halle, Saxony-Anhalt and Wittenberg. ... Eric XIV (December 13, 1533 – February 26, 1577) was King of Sweden from 1560 until he was deposed in 1568. ... Laurentius Petri Gothus (dead February 12, 1579) was the the second Swedish Lutheran Archbishop of Uppsala, Sweden, 1575-1579. ... Events January 7 - Pius V becomes Pope Selim II succeeds Suleiman I as Sultan of the Ottoman Empire Religious rioting in the Netherlands signifies the beginning of the Eighty Years War in the Netherlands. ... John III (Johan III) (December 23, 1537 – November 17, 1592) was King of Sweden from 1568 until his death. ... Events January 11 - First recorded lottery in England. ... Year 1574 was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Charles IX (Karl IX) (October 4, 1550 – October 30, 1611), was King of Sweden from 1604 until his death. ... Sigismund III Vasa (Polish: ) (20 June 1566 – 30 April 1632 N.S.) was King of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1587 to 1632, and King of Sweden (where he was known simply as Sigismund) from 1592 until he was deposed in 1599. ... Events May 18 - Playwright Thomas Kyds accusations of heresy lead to an arrest warrant for Christopher Marlowe. ... The Lutheran movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity by the original definition. ... is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Theology still had precedence, but in the privileges of 1593, the importance of a university to educate secular servants of the state was also emphasized. Three of the seven professorial chairs which were established were in Theology; of the other four, three were in Astronomy, Physics (or general natural sciences) and Latin eloquence. A fourth chair was given to Ericus Jacobi Skinnerus, who was also appointed rector, but whose discipline was not mentioned in the charter. Of the professors, several were taken over from the Collegium Regium in Stockholm, which had been functioning for a few years but closed in 1593. An eighth chair, in Medicine, was established in 1595 but received no appointee for several years. In 1599 the number of students were approximately 150. In 1600 the first post-reformation conferment of degrees took place. In the same year, the antiquarian and mystic Johannes Bureus designed and engraved the seal of the university, which is today used as part of the logotype. The Collegium Regium Stockholmense (the Kings College of Stockholm, but most commonly called just Collegium regium or sometimes Collegium Stockholmense) was an institution of higher, mostly theological, education founded by King John III of Sweden in 1576 and functioned until 1593. ... Johannes Thomae Bureus Agrivillensis (Johan Bure) was tutor and advisor of King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden. ...


The expansion of the 17th century

Gustavianum, built 1622-1625 and now a museum.
Gustavianum, built 1622-1625 and now a museum.

The medieval university had mainly been a school for theology. The aspirations of the emergent new great power of Sweden demanded a different kind of learning. Sweden both grew through conquests and went through a complete overhaul of its administrative structure. It required a much larger class of civil servants and educators than before. Preparatory schools, gymnasiums, were also founded during this period in various cathedral towns, notably Västerås (the first one) in 1623. Beside Uppsala, new universities were founded in more distant parts of the Swedish Realm, the University of Dorpat (present-day Tartu) in Estonia (1632) and the University of Åbo in Finland (1640). After the Scanian provinces had been conquered from Denmark, Lund University was founded in 1666. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 554 pixelsFull resolution (815 × 564 pixel, file size: 154 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Gustavianum, built in the 1620s and once the main representative building, library, etc. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 554 pixelsFull resolution (815 × 564 pixel, file size: 154 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Gustavianum, built in the 1620s and once the main representative building, library, etc. ... Gustavianum, the former main building of Uppsala University, built 1622-1625 and named after King Gustavus Adolphus. ... A gymnasium (pronounced with or, in Swedish, as opposed to ) is a type of school providing secondary education in some parts of Europe, comparable to English Grammar Schools and U.S. High Schools. ... VästerÃ¥s [vÉ›stÉ™roːs] is a city in central Sweden, located on the shore of Lake Mälaren in the province Västmanland, some 100 km west of Stockholm. ... Year 1623 (MDCXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Realm of Sweden or Svenska väldet is a term that historically was used to comprise all the territories under the control of the Swedish monarchs. ... The University of Tartu (Estonian: ; Russian: ; German: ) is a classical university in the city of Tartu, Estonia. ... The Academy of Ã…bo was the name of a still existing University of Helsinki between 1640 and 1827. ... Lund University (Swedish: ), located in Lund in southernmost Sweden, is one of Swedens most prestigious universities[2] and Scandinavias largest institution for education and research[3], frequently ranked among the worlds top 100 universities[4][5]. The university was founded in 1666 and is the second oldest...


Instrumental in the reforms of the early 17th century Swedish state was the long-dominant Chancellor Axel Oxenstierna, who had spent his own student days in German universities and who for the last years before his death was also chancellor of the university. King Gustavus Adolphus showed the university a keen interest and increased the professorial chairs from eight to thirteen in 1620, and again to seventeen in 1621. In 1624 the king donated "for all eternity" all his own inherited personal property in the provinces of Uppland and Västmanland, some 300 farms, mills and other sources of income. The king's former private tutor, Johan Skytte, who was made chancellor of the university in 1622, donated the Skyttean chair in Eloquence and Government which still exists. The university received a stable structure with its constitution of 1626. The head of the university was to be the chancellor, his deputy was the "pro-chancellor" (always the archbishop ex officio). The immediate rule was the responsibility of the consistory, to which belonged all the professors of the university, and the rector magnificus, who was elected for a semester at the time; the latter position circulated among the professors, each of whom sometimes held it several times. Count Axel Gustafsson Oxenstierna   listen? or Oxenstjerna (June 16, 1583 - August 28, 1654), Lord High Chancellor of Sweden, was born at FÃ¥nö in Uplandia, and received his education with his brothers at the universities of Rostock, Jena and Wittenberg. ... Gustav II Adolf (9 December 1594 – 6 November 1632 O.S.), widely known by the Latinized name Gustavus (II) Adolphus and sometimes as Gustav Adolf the Great (Swedish: ), was King of Sweden from 1611 until his death. ... Uppland ( ) is a historical province or landskap on the eastern coast of Sweden. ...  Västmanland? is a historical Province or landskap in middle Sweden. ... Baron Johan Skytte (Nyköping 1577 – SöderÃ¥kra March 25, 1645), Swedish politician. ... Axel Oxenstierna, Chancellor of the Swedish Realm, was also Chancellor of Uppsala University from 1646 until his death in 1654 The Chancellor (Swedish kansler) of Uppsala University was from 1622 to 1893 the head of the University of Uppsala, although in most academic and practical day-to-day matters it... The Patriarchal cross The Archbishops Palace in Uppsala, designed in the 18th century by the architect Carl HÃ¥rleman, but built on older foundations. ... // Antiquity Originally, the Latin word consistorium meant simply sitting together, just as the Greek syn(h)edrion (from which the Biblical sanhedrin was a corruption). ... The word rector (ruler, from the Latin regere) has a number of different meanings. ...

Olaus Rudbeck, painted by Martin Mijtens in 1696.
Olaus Rudbeck, painted by Martin Mijtens in 1696.

During the late 16th and early 17th centuries (and perhaps even earlier), the university was located to the old chapter house parallel to the south side of the cathedral, later renamed the Academia Carolina. In 1622-1625 a new university building was built east of the cathedral, the so-called Gustavianum, named after the reigning king. In the 1630s, the total number of students were about one thousand. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Olaus Rudbeck, painted in 1696 by Martin Mijtens the Elder. ...


Queen Christina was generous to the university, gave scholarships to Swedish students to study abroad and recruited foreign scholars to Uppsala chairs, among them several from the University of Strassburg, notably the philologist Johannes Schefferus (professor skytteanus), whose little library and museum building at S:t Eriks torg now belongs to the Royal Society of Sciences in Uppsala. The Queen, who would eventually declare her abdication in the great hall of Uppsala Castle, visited the university on many occasions; in 1652 she was present at an anatomical demonstration arranged at the castle for the young physician Olaus Rudbeck. Rudbeck, one of several sons of the former Uppsala professor and later Bishop of Västerås Johannes Rudbeckius, was sent for a year to the progressive University of Leiden in the Netherlands. Returning in 1654, he received an assistantship in Medicine in 1655, and had already gone to work on a program of improving aspects of the university. He planted the first botanical garden, the one which would eventually be tended by Carl Linnaeus and is kept today as a museum of 18th century botany under the name Linnaeus' Garden. With the patronage of the university chancellor Magnus Gabriel De la Gardie, Rudbeck was made full professor in 1660, was elected rector for two terms, despite his youth, and started a revision of the work of the other professors and a building spree with himself as architect. His most significant remaining architectural work is the anatomical theatre, which was added to Gustavianum in the 1660s and crowned with the characteristic cupola for which the building is today known. Christina (Kristina) (December 8, 1626 – April 19, 1689), later known as Maria Christina Alexandra and sometimes Count Dohna, was Queen regnant of Sweden from 1632 to 1654. ... The University Palace in Strasbourg, and a monument to one of the universitys students, Johann Wolfgang Goethe The University of Strasbourg in Strasbourg, Alsace, France, is divided into three separate institutions. ... Johannes Schefferus (February 2, 1621 - March 26, 1679) was born in Strassburg, the present Strasbourg, in present-day France (at that time it was part of the Holy Roman Empire, and outside of France). ... Detail of the building of the Royal Swedish Society of Sciences in Uppsala. ... Uppsala Castle and gardens 1675 Uppsala Castle in Uppsala, Sweden, was constructed during the Gustav Vasa era in the 16th Century. ... Olaus Rudbeck, painted in 1696 by Martin Mijtens the Elder. ... Johannes Rudbeckius or Johannes Rudbeck (1581-1646), bishop at VästerÃ¥s, Sweden, from 1619 until his death, and personal chaplain to King Gustavus II Adolphus (the Great). In 1623 he founded the first gymnasium, a school of secondary education, in VästerÃ¥s. ... Leiden University in the city of Leiden, is the oldest university in the Netherlands. ... Inside the United States Botanic Garden Inside the Rio de Janeiro Botanic Garden (Brazil), 1890 Botanical gardens (in Latin, hortus botanicus) grow a wide variety of plants primarily categorized and documented for scientific purposes, but also for the enjoyment and education of visitors, a consideration that has become essential to... A painting of Carolus Linnaeus Carl Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as Carl von Linné, and who wrote under the Latinized name Carolus Linnaeus (May 23, 1707 – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish scientist who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of taxonomy. ... Rudbecks own design for the botanical garden (1675) The Linnaean Garden or Linnaeus Garden (in Swedish LinnéträdgÃ¥rden) is the oldest of the botanical gardens belonging to Uppsala University. ... Magnus Gabriel De la Gardie with his spouse Maria Eufrosyne of Pfalz-Zweibrücken, the sister of King Charles X of Sweden. ...


A gifted scientist, architect and engineer, Rudbeck was the dominant personality of the university in the late 17th century who laid some of the groundwork for Linnaeus and others, but he is perhaps more known today for the pseudohistorical speculations of his Atlantica, which consumed much of his later life. When large parts of Uppsala burned down in 1702, Gustavianum, which contained the university library and its many valuable manuscripts, escaped the fire; local lore has it that the aging Rudbeck stood on the roof directing the work of fighting the fire.


The age of mercantilism and enlightenment

Detail of the Consistory House, Uppsala, with the cathedral in the background. Designed by architect Carl Hårleman and completed in 1755, it remained the administrative core of the university for a long time.
Detail of the Consistory House, Uppsala, with the cathedral in the background. Designed by architect Carl Hårleman and completed in 1755, it remained the administrative core of the university for a long time.
Anders Celsius, astronomer and physicist.
Anders Celsius, astronomer and physicist.
Title page of the 1760 edition of Systema Naturae of Carl Linnaeus.
Title page of the 1760 edition of Systema Naturae of Carl Linnaeus.

The early part of the 18th century was still characterized by the combination of Lutheran orthodoxy and classical philology of the previous century, but eventually a larger emphasis on sciences and practically useful knowledge developed. The innovative mathematician and physicist Samuel Klingenstierna (1698-1765) was made a professor in 1728, the physicist and astronomer Anders Celsius in 1729,and Carl Linnaeus was made professor of Medicine with Botany in 1741. The university was not immune to the parliamentary struggle between the parties known as the "Hats" and the "Caps", with the former having a preference for hard sciences and practical knowledge. The Hat government then in power established a chair in economics (Œconomia publica) in 1741 and called Anders Berch as its first incumbent. This was the first professorship in economics outside Germany, and possibly the third in Europe (the first chairs having been established in Halle and Frankfurt (Oder) in 1727). In 1759, following a donation, another chair in economy was established, the Borgströmian professorship in "practical economy", by which was meant the practical application of the natural sciences for economic purposes (it eventually developed into a chair for physiological botany). Download high resolution version (580x840, 197 KB)The Consistory House in Uppsala. ... Download high resolution version (580x840, 197 KB)The Consistory House in Uppsala. ... Detail of the Consistory House, Uppsala. ... 1755 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1704 × 2272 pixel, file size: 443 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Faithful reproductions of two-dimensional original works cannot attract copyright in the U.S. according to the rule in Bridgeman Art Library v. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1704 × 2272 pixel, file size: 443 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Faithful reproductions of two-dimensional original works cannot attract copyright in the U.S. according to the rule in Bridgeman Art Library v. ... Anders Celsius The observatory of Anders Celsius, from a contemporary engraving. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (525x865, 73 KB) Summary cover of w:en:Systema Naturae sourced from http://bibbild. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (525x865, 73 KB) Summary cover of w:en:Systema Naturae sourced from http://bibbild. ... Cover of the tenth edition of Linnaeuss Systema Naturae (1758). ... A painting of Carolus Linnaeus Carl Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as Carl von Linné, and who wrote under the Latinized name Carolus Linnaeus (May 23, 1707 – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish scientist who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of taxonomy. ... Samuel Klingenstierna(1698-1765) was a very renowned Swedish scientist. ... Anders Celsius The observatory of Anders Celsius, from a contemporary engraving. ... A painting of Carolus Linnaeus Carl Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as Carl von Linné, and who wrote under the Latinized name Carolus Linnaeus (May 23, 1707 – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish scientist who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of taxonomy. ... The Martin-Luther-University of Halle-Wittenberg is located in the German cities of Halle, Saxony-Anhalt and Wittenberg. ... The front portal of the main building of the Viadrina The Viadrina celebrates the 500th anniversary of its founding in 2006 The Countess Dönhoff Building houses lecture rooms and the dining hall The south side of the main building, showing the Oderturm in the background The Audimax building, known...


There were very radical attempts at reforms which were never implemented, but important changes took place. University studies had until this time been very informal in their overall organization, with the all-purpose philosophiæ magister-degree being the only one frequently conferred and many never graduating, as there were no degree applicable to their intended area of work (and well-connected aristocratic students often not graduating as they did not need to). A few professional degrees for various purposes were introduced in 1749-1750, but the radical suggestion of binding students to a single program of study adapted to a particular profession was never implemented. The reforms of this era have been compared to those of the 1960s and 1970s (Sten Lindroth).


Although it took some time after the fire of 1702, Uppsala Cathedral and Uppsala Castle were both eventually restored, both by Carl Hårleman, perhaps the most important Swedish architect of the era. He also modified Gustavianum, designed a new conservatory for Linnaeus' botanical garden and built the new Consistory house, which was to be the administrative core of the university. The Cathedral of Uppsala. ... Uppsala Castle and gardens 1675 Uppsala Castle in Uppsala, Sweden, was constructed during the Gustav Vasa era in the 16th Century. ... Detail of the Consistory House, Uppsala. ...


Another magnificent royal donation was that of the large baroque garden of the castle, given by Gustavus III to the university when it was obvious that the old botanical garden was insufficient. A large new conservatory was built by the architect Louis Jean Desprez. Additional grounds adjacent to the baroque garden has since been added. The old garden of Rudbeck and Linnaeus was largely left to decay, but was reconstructed in the years between 1918 and 1923 according to the specifications of Linnaeus in his work Hortus Upsaliensis from 1745. Gustav III, King of the Swedes, the Goths and the Vends, etc. ... The conservatory in the Botanical Garden, Uppsala The Assault on Stockholm Castle, scenic decoration from the opera Gustavus Vasa Louis Jean Desprez (occasionally but incorrectly Jean Louis Desprez; ca 1737–18 March 1804) was a French painter and architect who worked in Sweden during the last twenty years of his...


Women at the university

Betty Pettersson, the first woman to study in a Swedish university.
Betty Pettersson, the first woman to study in a Swedish university.

The issue of women's right to study at universities was raised during the very last session of the estate parliament in 1865 in a motion from Carl Johan Svensén, a member of the farmers' estate. The reception was mixed, with the most negative views coming from the clergy. In the following years the issue continued to be debated at the universities. In 1870, it was decided to let women take the secondary school examination ("studentexamen") that gave the right to entry at universities and the right to study and complete degrees at the faculties of Medicine in Uppsala and Lund and at the Caroline Institute of Medicine and Surgery in Stockholm. A common view was that the female sensitivity and compassion would make women capable of working as physicians, but her right to work was still restricted to private practice. Women's rights to higher education was extended in 1873, when all degrees except those in the faculties of theology and the licentiate degree in Law were made accessible for women. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 447 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (800 × 1072 pixel, file size: 127 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Photograph of Betty Pettersson (1838-1885), the first woman to study at a university in Sweden. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 447 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (800 × 1072 pixel, file size: 127 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Photograph of Betty Pettersson (1838-1885), the first woman to study at a university in Sweden. ...


The first female student in Sweden was Betty Pettersson (1838-1885), who had already worked as a private tutor for several years when she took the "studentexamen" in 1871. With a royal dispensation, she was allowed to enter university in Uppsala in 1872, the year before studies at the Philosophical faculty would actually be made generally available to women. She studied modern European languages and was the first woman in Sweden to complete an academic degree when she finished a fil. kand. in 1875. She became the first woman to be employed as a teacher in a public school for boys. The first woman in Sweden to complete a doctoral degree was Ellen Fries (1855-1900), who entered Uppsala university in 1877 and became a Ph.D. in history in 1883. Other female students of this period includes Lydia Wahlström (1869-1954) who later became a noted educator, activist and writer on women's emancipation and suffrage. Defending a dissertation in history in 1900, she became the second woman to finish a doctorate at a Swedish university. In 1892, she founded the Uppsala Women's Student Association, who set up spex performances and other things enjoyed by male students but from which the women were excluded at the time. The members of the Association were the first woman to wear the student caps in public, an important sign of their status. Elsa Eschelsson (1861-1911) was the first Swedish woman to finish a law degree, and the first to become a "docent", but was not permitted to even hold the position of acting professor despite being formally qualified for this in everything but her sex. After years of conflicts with the professor of civil law A. O. Winroth and with the university board, she died in 1911 from an overdose of sleeping-powder. Elsa Olava Kristina Eschelsson (November 11, 1861-1911) was the first woman to finish a Doctor of Laws (juris utriusque doctor) degree and the first to attain the academic position of docent at a Swedish university, but was denied the right to even serve as acting professor because of her...


According to the constitution of 1809, only "native Swedish men" could be appointed to higher civil servant positions, including professorships. This was changed in 1925, and the first woman to hold a professorial chair at Uppsala University was Gerd Enequist, appointed professor of human geography in 1949.


Organization

The governing board of the university is the consistory, with representatives of the faculties as well as members representing the students and non-academic employees (3 professors and 3 students), and a number of university outsiders appointed by the Swedish government (10 people). All these members in the consistory have the right to vote. // Antiquity Originally, the Latin word consistorium meant simply sitting together, just as the Greek syn(h)edrion (from which the Biblical sanhedrin was a corruption). ...


The unions active at the university also have three representatives in the consistory; these members have the right to speak but not any right to vote.


Since the last reorganization in 1999 the university has a separate body called the academic senate, which is a wider, but mostly advisory group representing teaching staff / researchers and students. The executive head of the university is the rector magnificus (that also have the title "vice-chancellor"), whose deputy is the prorector. In addition, there are (also since 1999) three vice rectors, each heading one of the three "disciplinary domains" (Arts and Social Sciences, Medicine and Pharmacy, and Science and Technology), into which the nine faculties are divided. Each faculty has a faculty board and is headed by a dean (dekanus). The position of dean is held part-time by a professor of the faculty. In an educational setting, a dean is a person with significant authority . ...


Through division of faculties and the addition of a previously independent school of Pharmacy as a new faculty, the traditional four-faculty organization of European universities has evolved into the present nine faculties:

  • The disciplinary domain of Arts and Social Sciences includes the Faculty of Arts*, the Faculty of Social Sciences*, the Faculty of Languages*, the Faculty of Theology and the Faculty of Law.
  • The disciplinary domain of Medicine and Pharmacy includes the Faculty of Medicine and the Faculty of Pharmacy. The Faculty of Pharmacy was originally an independent institute in Stockholm, which was in 1968 moved to Uppsala and incorporated with the university.
  • The disciplinary domain of Science and Technology includes only the Faculty of Science and Technology.* The engineering programs have from 1982 been marketed as the Uppsala School of Engineering (Uppsala Tekniska Högskola). This has however never been a separate institution, but only a unit within the Faculty of Science and Technology and use of the term has been phased out after the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences was renamed the Faculty of Sciences and Technology in the 1990s.
  • The Faculty of Educational Sciences, formerly the Department of Education, was in 2002 raised to the status of a faculty in its own right, but does not belong to any of the three disciplinary domains.
*These four are derived from the original Philosophical Faculty.
**The Faculty of Pharmacy was originally a school in Stockholm, in 1968 moved to Uppsala and incorporated with the university.

Organizational chart


Locations and campus areas

Skytteanum, of medieval origin, donated by Johan Skytte in 1622 together with the professorial chair that carries his name. It is part of the Department of Government and still partly functions as residence for the incumbent Professor Skytteanus
Skytteanum, of medieval origin, donated by Johan Skytte in 1622 together with the professorial chair that carries his name. It is part of the Department of Government and still partly functions as residence for the incumbent Professor Skytteanus

Buildings and locations where the university has activities or which are significantly connected to its history. Asterisk marks buildings which are currently not used by the University. Some of the historic buildings in central Uppsala have had to be let to other activities, as their protected status has made it impossible to make modifications necessary to meet requirements to adjust to the needs for students with disabilities. Image File history File links Uppsala: Skytteanum from the west. ... Image File history File links Uppsala: Skytteanum from the west. ... Baron Johan Skytte (Nyköping 1577 – Söderåkra March 25, 1645), Swedish politician. ...


University Park and Cathedral area

  • Gustavianum
  • The Old Consistory building
  • The University Hall
  • The Ekerman House
  • The Dean's House (or Julinsköld Palace)
  • Skytteanum
  • The Oxenstierna House
  • Regnellianum
  • Carolina Rediviva

Carolina Rediviva is the library of Uppsala University in Sweden. ...

West of Central Uppsala

The Uppsala Botanical Garden, from an 1874 engraving
The Uppsala Botanical Garden, from an 1874 engraving
  • English Park Campus - Centre for the Humanities (including the Centre for Language Studies)
  • Centre for Evolutionary Biology (EBC)
  • Uppsala University Botanical Garden

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (832x587, 1181 KB) The w:Uppsala University Botanic garden. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (832x587, 1181 KB) The w:Uppsala University Botanic garden. ...

Other locations in wider Central Uppsala

The house of Anders Celsius with his observatory on the roof, from a contemporary engraving. ... Rudbecks own design for the botanical garden (1675) The Linnaean Garden or Linnaeus Garden (in Swedish Linnéträdgården) is the oldest of the botanical gardens belonging to Uppsala University. ... Anders Celsius The observatory of Anders Celsius, from a contemporary engraving. ... The house of Anders Celsius with his observatory on the roof, from a contemporary engraving. ...

South of central Uppsala

The Ångström Laboratory
The Ångström Laboratory
  • Uppsala University Hospital
  • The Rudbeck Laboratory
  • Uppsala Biomedical Centre (BMC)
  • Geo Centre
  • Centre for Mathematics and Information Technology (MIC)
  • The Ångström Laboratory

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 320 pixelsFull resolution (1500 × 600 pixel, file size: 133 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 320 pixelsFull resolution (1500 × 600 pixel, file size: 133 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ...

North of Central Uppsala

  • Teacher Training

University Library

The Carolina Rediviva, the main building of the university library, desgned by Carl Fredrik Sundvall and completed in 1841.
The Carolina Rediviva, the main building of the university library, desgned by Carl Fredrik Sundvall and completed in 1841.

Main article: Uppsala University Library Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Carolina Rediviva is the library of Uppsala University in Sweden. ... Carolina Rediviva, the main building of the library, built 1816-1841 according to the design of Carl Fredrik Sundvall Uppsala University Library in Sweden consists of 19 different branch libraries, with the largest being that housed in the old main library building, Carolina Rediviva. ...


The university library holds about 5.25 million volumes of books and periodicals (131,293 shelf meters), 61,959 manuscripts, 7,133 music prints, and 345,734 maps and other graphic documents. The holdings of the collection of manuscripts and music includes, among other things, the Gothic Bible manuscript Codex Argenteus. first page of the Codex Argenteus The Codex Argenteus (or Silver Bible) is a 6th century manuscript, originally containing bishop Ulfilass 4th century translation of the bible into the Gothic language. ...


The most widely recognized building of the university library is Carolina Rediviva, the "revived Carolina", thus named in reference to Academia Carolina (see illustration), which held the university library from the earliest times until 1691, when it was moved to the upper floor of Gustavianum, where it miraculously survived the great city fire of 1702. In the mid-18th century, there were plans to move it back to the Academia Carolina or a new building on the same spot. The building was demolished in 1778 to make place for a new library, but this was never built and the area next to the cathedral where it stood is today a lawn. The present Carolina Rediviva was built in a different place and completed in 1841. This is a list of libraries at universities. ... Carolina Rediviva is the library of Uppsala University in Sweden. ...


The present university library system comprises 19 branches, including the one in the Carolina building.


University Hospital

The old main building of the Uppsala University Hospital, photograph from c. 1920
The old main building of the Uppsala University Hospital, photograph from c. 1920

The Uppsala Academic Hospital or Akademiska sjukhuset, which functions as a teaching hospital for the Faculty of Medicine and the Nursing School, is run by the Uppsala County Council in cooperation with the university. As of 2003, the hospital had 7,719 employees and as of 2004 1,079 places for patients. Uppsala University Hospital (Swedish: , often referred to colloquially as Akademiska or Ackis) in Uppsala, Sweden is as a teaching hospital for the Uppsala University Faculty of Medicine and the Nursing School. ... Image File history File links Uppsala_plate_2_from_NF_30_(1920)_-_University_hospital. ... Image File history File links Uppsala_plate_2_from_NF_30_(1920)_-_University_hospital. ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of Freshwater The European Disability Year Events January events January 1 Luíz Inácio Lula Da Silva becomes the 37th President of Brazil. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The university hospital is actually older than the university, as it goes back to the earliest hospital, founded in Uppsala in 1302, much later merged with the university clinic. This was used for 400 years until the great fire of 1702 which destroyed large parts of central Uppsala. A new hospital, which later became the Uppsala county hospital, was built in its place, but was moved out of the town in 1811.


The first clinic with the specific intention to facilitate the practical education of medical students was the Nosocomium Academicum, founded in 1708 and located to the Oxenstierna Palace at Riddartorget beside the cathedral (see illustration above). The building (the former residence of the President of the Royal Chancellery Bengt Gabrielsson Oxenstierna) today houses the Faculty of Law. Count Bengt Gabrielsson Oxenstierna ( 1623- 1702), Swedish statesman, was the son of Axel Oxenstierna’s cousin, Gabriel Bengtsson Oxenstierna ( 1586- 1656). ...


The present Akademiska sjukhuset was founded in 1850 as an organizational merger of the county hospital and the university clinic, and a new building was inaugurated in 1867 on the hill below Uppsala Castle to the southeast. From this building, which is still in use, the present hospital complex has grown. Uppsala Castle and gardens 1675 Uppsala Castle in Uppsala, Sweden, was constructed during the Gustav Vasa era in the 16th Century. ...


Life at the University

Nations and student union

The Norrlands Nation, photograph from c. 1920
The Norrlands Nation, photograph from c. 1920
The Östgöta Nation, photograph from c. 1920
The Östgöta Nation, photograph from c. 1920

For students at Uppsala University, it is compulsory to belong to one of the nations, corporations of students traditionally according to province of origin (not strictly upheld now, for practical reasons). The system of dividing students into nations according to origin can ultimately be traced back to the nations at the medieval University of Paris and other early medieval universities, but the Uppsala nations appear only about 1630-1640, most likely under influence of the landsmannschaften which existed at some of the German universities visited by Swedish students. In Sweden, nations exist only in Uppsala and Lund. The nations were originally seen as subversive organisations promoting less virtuous aspects of student life, but in 1663 the consistory made membership in a nation legal, each nation being placed under the inspectorship of a professor. Compulsory membership in a nation was introduced a few years later. Image File history File links Uppsala_plate_1_from_NF_30_(1920)_-_Norrlands_nation. ... Image File history File links Uppsala_plate_1_from_NF_30_(1920)_-_Norrlands_nation. ... Norrland is a name for the northernmost part of Sweden, historically one of the four lands of Sweden. ... Image File history File links Uppsala_plate_1_from_NF_30_(1920)_-_Östgöta_nation. ... Image File history File links Uppsala_plate_1_from_NF_30_(1920)_-_Östgöta_nation. ... (help· info) is a historical Province (landskap) in the south of Sweden. ... A student nation is a society of students at universities in Sweden, mainly the two oldest Uppsala University and Lund University. ... The Sorbonne, Paris, in a 17th century engraving The historic University of Paris (French: ) first appeared in the second half of the 12th century, but was in 1970 reorganised as 13 autonomous universities (University of Paris I–XIII). ... A Landsmannschaft is a kind of Studentenverbindung. ... Lund University (Swedish: ), located in Lund in southernmost Sweden, is one of Swedens most prestigious universities[2] and Scandinavias largest institution for education and research[3], frequently ranked among the worlds top 100 universities[4][5]. The university was founded in 1666 and is the second oldest... // Antiquity Originally, the Latin word consistorium meant simply sitting together, just as the Greek syn(h)edrion (from which the Biblical sanhedrin was a corruption). ...


The current thirteen nations all have a history stretching back to the early-to-mid 17th century, but some of them are the result of mergers of older, smaller nations that took place in the early 19th century in order to facilitate the financing of building projects.


Nations at Uppsala University:

  • Södermanlands-Nerikes nation
  • Västmanlands-Dala nation
  • Smålands nation
  • Göteborgs nation
  • Kalmar nation
  • Värmlands nation
  • Norrlands nation
  • Gotlands nation

Since the 1960s there is a fourteenth nation, the Skånelandens nation (referring to the Scanian lands) which has no membership fee and exists as a legal fiction to get around the compulsory membership for students who prefer not to become affiliated with the traditional nations. The nation building in the early 1900s The meeting and banquet hall of the nation in the 1880s. ... Uplands nation, exterior of the building. ... Östgöta nation is a student society and one of thirteen nations at Uppsala University. ... SkÃ¥neland is a denomination for the area once making up the eastern part of Denmark, which was permanently ceded to Sweden under the Treaty of Roskilde (1658). ...


The Uppsala Student Union was founded in 1849 as a corporation representing all students, irrespective of nation. Uppsala Student Union (Uppsala studentkår) is one of two students unions at Uppsala University in Uppsala, Sweden. ...


Art, music and sports

Sports play a very small role in the life of the university, compared to British and especially U.S. universities, but have existed in various forms since the early 17th century. The University is more noted for its musical traditions and has a long choral tradition. Both have partial roots in the 17th century institution of extracurricular exercises for students from the nobility.


The exercitiae

The Exercise Yard in ca 1770. Contemporary engraving
The Exercise Yard in ca 1770. Contemporary engraving

To ease the recruitment of students from the nobility, the university started in the 1630s to offer training in a number of exercitiae or "exercises" (Swedish: exercitier) deemed necessary for the well-rounded education of a young nobleman: riding, fencing, dance, drawing and modern languages such as French and Italian. The initiative came from Chancellor Axel Oxenstierna, who saw the value in a well-educated class of civil servants and the danger to his own class if its members would fall behind in academic education compared to those students who came from the lower estates. An "exercise yard", built for the riding and fencing exercises, was demolished in the late 19th century to give place to the new University Hall. The modern languages were made part of the regular academic curriculum in the 19th century; the surviving "exercises"[1] are: Image File history File links Download high resolution version (902x712, 328 KB) Engraving by Fredrik Akrel (Akrelius). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (902x712, 328 KB) Engraving by Fredrik Akrel (Akrelius). ... A young rider at a horse show in Australia. ... Fencing advertisement for the 1900 Summer Olympic Games This article is about the sport, which is distinguished from stage fencing and academic fencing (mensur). ... For other uses, see Dance (disambiguation). ... For scale drawings or plans, see Plans (drawings). ... Count Axel Gustafsson Oxenstierna   listen? or Oxenstjerna (June 16, 1583 - August 28, 1654), Lord High Chancellor of Sweden, was born at FÃ¥nö in Uplandia, and received his education with his brothers at the universities of Rostock, Jena and Wittenberg. ...

  • Fencing. Arranged in collaboration with Upsala Fäktning, a private fencing club. Fencing master as of 2005 is Igor Tsikinjov, captain of the Swedish Fencing Federation
  • Gymnastics and sports, located to the Art Nouveau University Gymastics Hall, colloquially known as Svettis (from the Swedish word for sweat)
  • Riding, arranged by the Equestrian department of the University, which has its own stables. Leaders of the activities are the Academy Stable Master and the Inspector Equitandi (currently Marianne Andersson, Head of the university's Legal Affairs Office). Instruction is offered on various levels.
  • Music. Leader of the musical activities is the director musices, who is the conductor of the Royal Academic Orchestra The current Director Musices is Professor Stefan Karpe. See more below.
  • Drawing. The university appoints an established artist as Drawing Master. As of 2005, the position is held by graphic artist Ulla Fries. Weekly Croquis lessons and other exercises, free for students and other university members, are offered in the southern tower of Uppsala Castle.

Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... SWEAT is an OLN/TSN show hosted by Julie Zwillich that aired in 2003-2004. ... The Royal Academic Orchestra (Swedish: Kungliga Akademiska Kapellet) is the orchestra of Uppsala University, Sweden. ... Croquis drawing is quick and sketchy drawing of a live model. ... Uppsala Castle and gardens 1675 Uppsala Castle in Uppsala, Sweden, was constructed during the Gustav Vasa era in the 16th Century. ...

Sports

Student rowing race on the Fyris River 1879. Contemporary engraving
Student rowing race on the Fyris River 1879. Contemporary engraving

Besides the exercitiae, other sports have had a presence in Uppsala student life. The Upsala Simsällskap, "Uppsala Swimming Society", which is the oldest swimming club in the world, was founded in 1796 by the mathematician Jöns Svanberg. It had no formal connection to the university, but all its earliest members came from academic life. Svanberg even arranged a mock graduation ceremony, a simpromotion, in parody of the university ceremonies, where those who had graduated from its swimming training were awarded "degrees" of master (magister) and bachelor (kandidat). These degrees stuck, and Swedish swimming schools still use these degrees for different levels of swimming skills. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1560x1150, 753 KB) Rowing race between teams of students on the Fyris river running through Uppsala. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1560x1150, 753 KB) Rowing race between teams of students on the Fyris river running through Uppsala. ... Fyrisån is a river in the Swedish province of Uppland, which passes the city of Uppsala and ends in lake Mälaren. ... Upsala Simsällskap, the Uppsala Swimming Society (but using the old spelling of the city name with one p), was founded in Uppsala in 1796. ...


An attempt was made in the 1870s to introduce academic rowing after the Oxbridge model. The Stockholm Nation acquired a rowing boat in 1877, soon followed by the Gothenburg Nation, and for a number of years rowing competitions were held between teams from the two nations. Although rowing never got the strong position it has at the English universities, an annual Uppsala-Lund regatta has been arranged since 1992, between rowing teams from Uppsala and Lund University. The race is held on the Fyris River in Uppsala on even years, and on a river in the vicinity of Lund on odd years. Each year there is at least one full eight crew with cox competing, with both men's and women's teams present. With the recent victory for Uppsala in 2005, the score stands 24 - 23 in Uppsala's favor. Oxbridge is a name used to refer to the universities of Oxford and Cambridge, the two oldest in the United Kingdom and the English-speaking world. ... The nation building in the early 1900s The meeting and banquet hall of the nation in the 1880s. ... Lund University (Swedish: ), located in Lund in southernmost Sweden, is one of Swedens most prestigious universities[2] and Scandinavias largest institution for education and research[3], frequently ranked among the worlds top 100 universities[4][5]. The university was founded in 1666 and is the second oldest... Fyrisån is a river in the Swedish province of Uppland, which passes the city of Uppsala and ends in lake Mälaren. ...


Music

Student singers marching down the staircase in Carolina Rediviva, on the occasion of the 400th anniversary of the university in 1877. The "staircase march" (trappmarschen) when the singers led the audience in a march out of the hall where the concert was held, is an annual tradition that was later moved to the new main university building completed in 1887. (The monumental staircase of Carolina was later sacrificed to create more storage space for books.)
Student singers marching down the staircase in Carolina Rediviva, on the occasion of the 400th anniversary of the university in 1877. The "staircase march" (trappmarschen) when the singers led the audience in a march out of the hall where the concert was held, is an annual tradition that was later moved to the new main university building completed in 1887. (The monumental staircase of Carolina was later sacrificed to create more storage space for books.)

The University's Royal Academic Orchestra was founded in 1627. Its main purpose is to play at academic ceremonies, but holds concerts on other occasions as well. Its leader has the title of director musices. The position has been held by composers such as Wilhelm Stenhammar, Hugo Alfvén and Lars-Erik Larsson. Affiliated with the University are three choirs, the mixed Uppsala University Choir (Allmänna Sången), founded in 1830, the male choir Orphei Drängar, founded in 1853, and the Academy Chamber Choir of Uppsala, founded in 1957. A number of other choirs and orchestras are affiliated with the nations. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1471x1025, 610 KB) Student singers marching down the staircase in the university library Carolina Rediviva, Uppsala, on the occasion of the 400th anniversary of the university in 1877. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1471x1025, 610 KB) Student singers marching down the staircase in the university library Carolina Rediviva, Uppsala, on the occasion of the 400th anniversary of the university in 1877. ... The Royal Academic Orchestra (Swedish: Kungliga Akademiska Kapellet) is the orchestra of Uppsala University, Sweden. ... Events A Dutch ship makes the first recorded sighting of the coast of South Australia. ... Carl Wilhelm Eugen Stenhammar (February 7, 1871 - November 20, 1927) was a Swedish composer, pianist and conductor. ... Hugo Emil Alfvén  listen (May 1, 1872 – May 8, 1960) was a Swedish composer, conductor, violinist, and painter. ... Lars-Erik Vilner Larsson (15 May 1908 - 27 December 1986) was an important Swedish composer of the 20th century. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Orphei Drängar (or SÃ¥ngsällskapet Orphei Drängar, often just OD) is a Swedish male choir and singing society founded in 1853, based in Uppsala and one of the two notable singing societies traditionally affiliated with the university there (the other one being the two decades older Allm... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ...


An important name in the recent history of the choirs is Eric Ericson, who was conductor of both Orphei Drängar and the Chamber Choir. In honour of Ericson, the FöreningsSparbanken endowed the Eric Ericson Chair in Choral Directing, and the Uppsala University Choral Centre was inaugurated in 2000. The centre arranges courses in choral directing.[2] Eric Ericson is a Swedish choral conductor. ... The Swebank logo (1997-2006). ...




Selected Notable People

Main article: List of Uppsala University People This is a list of notable people affiliated with Uppsala University. ...

As the dominant academic institution in Sweden for several centuries, Uppsala University has ever since its first period of expansion in the early part of the 17th century educated a large proportion of Swedish politicians and civil servants, from 17th century Chancellor of the Realm (rikskansler) Johan Oxenstierna (1611-1657) and Lord Chief Justice (riksdrots) Magnus Gabriel De la Gardie (1622-1686) to the first Social Democratic Prime Minister of Sweden, Hjalmar Branting (1860-1925) and many later politicians. Other alumni are Dag Hammarskjöld (1905-1961), UN Secretary General who was (posthumously) awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1961, and the Swedish diplomat Hans Blix (b. 1928), who was Head of the International Atomic Energy Agency 1981-1997, of the UNMOVIC 2000-2003, and previously Swedish Minister of Foreign Affairs 1978-1979. Hammarskjöld and Blix both graduated from the Uppsala Faculty of Law, as did the Swedish Minister of Foreign Affairs Anna Lindh, who was assassinated in 2003. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Carl Linnaeus, Latinized as Carolus Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as  , (May 13, 1707[1] – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist[2] who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. ... from [1] The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... from [1] The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... Emanuel Swedenborg, 75, holding the manuscript of Apocalypsis Revelata (1766). ... Count Johan Axelsson Oxenstierna (1611-1657), Swedish statesman, son of Axel Oxenstierna, completed his studies at Uppsala in 1631, and was sent by his father on a grand tour through France, the Netherlands and Great Britain. ... Magnus Gabriel De la Gardie with his spouse Maria Eufrosyne of Pfalz-Zweibrücken, the sister of King Charles X of Sweden. ... The Prime Minister (Swedish: , literally Minister of State) is the head of government in Sweden. ... Hjalmar Branting (November 23, 1860 – February 24, 1925) was a Swedish statesman and the countrys chief Social Democratic leader. ... Dag Hjalmar Agne Carl Hammarskjöld ( ) (July 29, 1905 – September 18, 1961) was a Swedish diplomat and the second Secretary-General of the United Nations. ... This article is about the United Nations, for other uses of UN see UN (disambiguation) Official languages English, French, Spanish, Russian, Chinese, Arabic Secretary-General Kofi Annan (since 1997) Established October 24, 1945 Member states 191 Headquarters New York City, NY, USA Official site http://www. ... Lester B. Pearson after accepting the 1957 Nobel Peace Prize The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish and Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is the name of one of five Nobel Prizes bequeathed by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. ...   (born 28 June 1928 in Uppsala, Sweden) is a Swedish diplomat and politician. ... The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy and to inhibit its use for military purposes. ... The United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission (UNMOVIC) was created through the adoption of Security Council resolution 1284 of 17 December 1999. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ...


Most Swedish clergymen, including most bishops and archbishops, have been educated at the university, including, in more recent times, Nathan Söderblom (1866-1931), Professor of the History of Religions in the Faculty of Theology, later Archbishop of Uppsala, and awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1930 for his work as leader of the ecumenical movement. Lars Olof Jonathan Söderblom, better known as Nathan Söderblom (January 15, 1866 - July 12, 1931), was a Swedish clergyman, and later Archbishop of the Church of Sweden and laureate of the Nobel Peace Prize. ... The Patriarchal cross The Archbishops Palace in Uppsala, designed in the 18th century by the architect Carl HÃ¥rleman, but built on older foundations. ... Lester B. Pearson after accepting the 1957 Nobel Peace Prize The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish and Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is the name of one of five Nobel Prizes bequeathed by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      Ecumenism (also oecumenism, Å“cumenism...


The university became prominent in the sciences in the 18th century with names such as the physician and botanist Carolus Linnaeus (1707-1778), the father of taxonomy, and his numerous important pupils, the physicist and astronomer Anders Celsius (1701-1744), inventor of the centigrade scale the predecessor of the Celsius scale, and the chemist Torbern Bergman (1735-1784). Another scientist from this era is Emanuel Swedenborg (1688-1772), better remembered today as a religious mystic. Several of the elements were discovered by Uppsala scientists during this period or later. Jöns Jakob Berzelius, considered one of the fathers of modern chemistry, received his doctorate in medicine in Uppsala in 1804, but later moved to Stockholm. Uppsala scientists of the 19th century include the physicist Anders Jonas Ångström (1814-1874). During the 20th century several Nobel laureates in the sciences have been Uppsala alumni or professors at the university. Carl Linnaeus, Latinized as Carolus Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as  , (May 13, 1707[1] – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist[2] who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. ... Look up taxonomy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Anders Celsius The observatory of Anders Celsius, from a contemporary engraving. ... Torbern Olof Bergman (March 20, 1735 Katrineberg, Sweden, – July 8, 1784 Medevi, Sweden) was a Swedish chemist. ... Emanuel Swedenborg, 75, holding the manuscript of Apocalypsis Revelata (1766). ... Friherre Jöns Jakob Berzelius (August 20, 1779 – August 7, 1848) was a Swedish chemist. ... Anders Jonas Ã…ngström Anders Jonas Ã…ngström (August 13, 1814 – June 21, 1874) was a physicist in Sweden, one of the founders of the science of spectroscopy. ... The Nobel Prizes (Swedish: ), as designated in Alfred Nobels will in 1895, are awarded for physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature, and peace. ...


Many well-known Swedish writers have studied in Uppsala: Georg Stiernhielm (1698-1672) is often called the father of Swedish poetry. The poet and song composer Carl Michael Bellman (1740-1795), without doubt the best-loved and best-remembered of Swedish 18th century poets, matriculated but left the university after less than a year. The writer, historian and composer Erik Gustaf Geijer (1783-1847), professor of history, and the poet Per Daniel Amadeus Atterbom (1790-1855), professor of poetry, were principal figures of early 19th century Swedish romanticism. The less than happy experiences of the Uppsala student life of novelist and playwright August Strindberg (1849-1912), resulted in his Från Fjärdingen och Svartbäcken (1877), a collection of short stories set in Uppsala ("From Fjärdingen and Svartbäcken", the title refers to two districts in Uppsala). Other Uppsala alumni are the poet Erik Axel Karlfeldt (1864-1931), who refused the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1918, but received it posthumously in 1931, the novelist and playwright Pär Lagerkvist (1891-1974), Nobel laureate in 1951, and the poet and novelist Karin Boye (1900-1941), for whom one branch of the university library has been named. The Communist leader Ture Nerman (1886 - 1969) wrote a novel called Olympen, based on his experience as a student in Uppsala. Niklas Zennström, founder of Skype is also a former student at Uppsala University. Georg Stiernhielm (August 7, 1598 - April 22, 1672) was a Swedish civil servant, linguist and poet. ... Carl Michael Bellman (February 4, 1740 - February 11, 1795) was a Swedish poet and composer. ... Erik Gustaf Geijer. ... Per Daniel Amadeus Atterbom (1790 - 1855) was a Swedish romantic poet, and a member of the Swedish Academy. ... August Strindberg Portrait of August Strindberg by Richard Bergh   (January 22, 1849 – May 14, 1912) was a Swedish writer, playwright, and painter. ... Categories: Stub | 1864 births | 1931 deaths | Members of the Swedish Academy | Nobel Prize in Literature winners | Swedish language poets ... The Nobel Prize in literature is awarded annually to an author from any country who has produced the most outstanding work of an idealistic tendency. The work in this case generally refers to an authors work as a whole, not to any individual work, though individual works are sometimes... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pär Lagerkvist. ... The Nobel Prize in literature is awarded annually to an author from any country who has produced the most outstanding work of an idealistic tendency. The work in this case generally refers to an authors work as a whole, not to any individual work, though individual works are sometimes... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Karin Maria Boye   listen? (October 26, 1900 - April 24, 1941) was a Swedish poet and novelist. ... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... Ture Nerman, passport photo Ture Nerman (May 18 , 1886 – October 7, 1969) was a Swedish Communist politician, and as a journalist and author, he was one of the most well-known political activists in his time. ... Niklas Zennström Niklas Zennström, born 1966, is a Swedish entrepreneur. ... Skype (IPA pronunciation: , rhymes with type) is a software program created by the entrepreneurs Niklas Zennström and Janus Friis. ...


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Uppsala University

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... This list of Swedish universities and university colleges is based on the Higher Education Ordinance of 1993 (as amended until January 2006). ... The house of Anders Celsius with his observatory on the roof, from a contemporary engraving. ... Carolina Rediviva, the main building of the library, built 1816-1841 according to the design of Carl Fredrik Sundvall Uppsala University Library in Sweden consists of 19 different branch libraries, with the largest being that housed in the old main library building, Carolina Rediviva. ... Detail of the building of the Royal Swedish Society of Sciences in Uppsala. ... Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences The Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences or Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet is a university in Uppsala, Sweden. ... Johannelunds teologiska högskola is a theological seminary, located in Uppsala, Sweden. ... Flogsta is a neighbourhood in the western outskirts of the Swedish town of Uppsala. ... Uppsala (older spelling Upsala) is a city in central Sweden, located about 70 km north of Stockholm. ...

Notes

  1. ^ "Uppsala - Encyclopædia Britannica" (overview), Encyclopædia Britannica, 2006, Britannica.com webpage: Britannica-Uppsala.
  2. ^ Ridder-Symoens, Hilde de. A History of the University in Europe. Cambridge University Press, 2003. Page 84.

External links

  • Uppsala University
  • Uppsala University Student page
  • Study Abroad Uppsala - A guide for international students attending Uppsala University
  • Uppsala for foreign students - Real experiences of former Erasmus and other international students in Uppsala on iAgora.


Coordinates: 59°51′27″N, 17°37′44″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Uppsala University - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4626 words)
The oldest university in Scandinavia, it was founded in 1477 on the initiative of the Archbishop of Uppsala Jakob Ulfsson and the Swedish Regent Sten Sture, and with a papal bull from Sixtus IV.
There is some evidence of academic studies in Uppsala during the 16th century; the Faculty of Theology is mentioned in a document from 1526, King Eric XIV appointed Laurentius Petri Gothus (later archbishop) rector of the university in 1566, and his successor and brother John III appointed a number of professors in the period 1569-1574.
The university became prominent in the sciences in the 18th century with names such as the physician and botanist Carolus Linnaeus (1707-1778), the father of taxonomy, and his numerous important pupils, the physicist and astronomer Anders Celsius (1701-1744), inventor of the centigrade scale the predecessor of the Celsius scale, and the chemist Torbern Bergman (1735-1784).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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