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Encyclopedia > Uppsala

Uppsala [ˈɵpˌsɑːla] (older spelling Upsala) is a city in central Sweden, located about 70 km north of Stockholm. It is the fourth largest city in Sweden with its 130,000 inhabitants; including immediate surroundings, Uppsala Municipality amounts to 183 403 (2005). Download high resolution version (328x714, 26 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... This is a list of cities, towns, and market towns (köpings) in Sweden, that held their town privileges (Stadsprivilegium) by Royal Charter or by being established since ancient times. ...   (IPA: ; UN/LOCODE: SE STO) is the capital of Sweden, and consequently the site of its Government and Parliament as well as the residence of the Swedish head of state, King Carl XVI Gustaf. ... This article is about the modern city of Uppsala. ...


Uppsala is the capital of Uppsala County (Uppsala Län), and Sweden's ecclesiastical centre, being the seat of Sweden's archbishop since 1164. Uppsala is famous for its university, the oldest still existing in Scandinavia and Northern Europe, founded in 1477 (a Studium Generale was founded in Lund already in 1425).
Uppsala County, or Uppsala län is a County or län on the eastern coast of Sweden. ... This article should be transwikied to wiktionary Ecclesiastical means pertaining to the Church (especially Christianity) as an organized body of believers and clergy, with a stress on its juridical and institutional structure. ... The Patriarchal cross The Archbishops Palace in Uppsala, designed in the 18th century by the architect Carl HÃ¥rleman, but built on older foundations. ... Events Count Henry I of Champagne marries Marie de Champagne. ... Uppsala University (Swedish Uppsala universitet) is a public university in Uppsala, Sweden. ... Scandinavia is a historical and geographical region centered on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe and includes the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. ... Events January 5 - Battle of Nancy - Charles the Bold of Burgundy is again defeated, and this time is killed. ... Studium Generale is the old name for a medieval university which was registered as an institution of international excellence by the Holy Roman Empire. ...   IPA: is a city in SkÃ¥ne in southern Sweden. ...

Contents

History

Uppsala cathedral in the background
Uppsala cathedral in the background
Street in Uppsala
Street in Uppsala

Uppsala was originally located a few kilometers to the north, at a location now known as Gamla Uppsala (Old Uppsala). Today's Uppsala was then called Östra Aros. (Old) Uppsala was, according to medieval writer Adam of Bremen, the main heathen centre of Sweden, and the Temple at Uppsala contained magnificent idols of the Æsir gods. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (960x1280, 592 KB) I took this picture in 2004. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (960x1280, 592 KB) I took this picture in 2004. ... The Cathedral of Uppsala. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (960x1280, 595 KB) I took this picture in 2004. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (960x1280, 595 KB) I took this picture in 2004. ... Gamla Uppsala is an area rich in archaeological remains seen from the grave field whose larger mounds (left part) are close to the royal mounds. ... Adam of Bremen (also: Adam Bremensis) was one of the most important German medieval chroniclers. ... The Temple at Uppsala was a temple in Gamla Uppsala (Old Uppsala), near modern Uppsala, Sweden, that was created to worship the Norse gods of ancient times. ... In Old Norse, the Æsir (singular Ás, feminine Ásynja, feminine plural Ásynjur, Anglo-Saxon Ós, from Proto-Germanic *Ansuz) are the principal gods of the pantheon of Norse mythology. ...


As a replacement for the Scandinavian gods, Uppsala was made into a strong Christian centre. A bishop was soon consecrated, and in 1164 Uppsala was made into an archdiocese, with Stefan, a monk from Alvastra Abbey, being consecrated the first Archbishop of Uppsala and primate of Sweden. Events Count Henry I of Champagne marries Marie de Champagne. ... Stefan was the first Archbishop of Uppsala in the year 1164, a post he had until his death July 18, 1185. ... Alvastra as it looked in Suecia antiqua et hodierna, around 1700. ... The Patriarchal cross The Archbishops Palace in Uppsala, designed in the 18th century by the architect Carl HÃ¥rleman, but built on older foundations. ... Catholic Patriarchal (non cardinal) coat of arms Primate (from the Latin Primus, first) is a title or rank bestowed on some bishops in certain Christian churches. ...


The present-day Uppsala was at that time known as Östra Aros and was a port town of Gamla Uppsala. In 1274, Östra Aros overtook Gamla Uppsala as the main regional center, and when the cathedral of Gamla Uppsala burnt down, the archbishopric was moved to Östra Aros, and the impressive Uppsala Cathedral erected. Events May 7 - In France the Second Council of Lyons opens to consider the condition of the Holy Land and to agree to a union with the Byzantine church. ... The Cathedral of Uppsala. ...


Uppsala is the site of the oldest university in Scandinavia, founded in 1477. Carolus Linnaeus, one of the renowned scholars of Uppsala University, lived in the city for many years, and both his house and garden can still be visited. Uppsala Cathedral is built in the Gothic style and is one of the largest in northern Europe, with towers reaching 118 metres. Uppsala is also the site of the 16th century Uppsala Castle. Events January 5 - Battle of Nancy - Charles the Bold of Burgundy is again defeated, and this time is killed. ... Carolus Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as  , (May 23, 1707[1] – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist[2] who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. ... Uppsala University (Swedish Uppsala universitet) is a public university in Uppsala, Sweden. ... Interior of Cologne Cathedral Gothic architecture is a style of architecture, particularly associated with cathedrals and other churches, which flourished in Europe during the high and late medieval period. ... This article is 150 kilobytes or more in size. ... Uppsala Castle and gardens 1675 Uppsala Castle in Uppsala, Sweden, was constructed during the Gustav Vasa era in the 16th Century. ...


The city was severely damaged by a fire in 1702. Historical and cultural treasures were also lost, as in many Swedish cities, from demolitions during the 1960s and 1970s. Despite the lack of understanding of the value of the older buildings at that time, many historic buildings remain, especially in the western part of the city.


The arms with the lion can be traced from 1737. It has been modernized several times since, most recently in 1986. The meaning of the lion is not certain but is likely connected to the royal lion, also depicted on the Coat of Arms of Sweden. The greater national coat of arms (stora riksvapnet) and the lesser national coat of arms (lilla riksvapnet) are the official coats of arms of Sweden. ...


Politics

Historically, Uppsala Municipality has been a centre both of conservatism and liberalism, both receiving their ideological nourishment from the University. Today, however, the city is divided between left and right and has since 1994 been governed by a coalition of the Social Democrats, the Left Party and the Green Party until the 2006 elections where the centre-right coalition Alliance for Sweden won not only the national elections but also the regional. This article is about the modern city of Uppsala. ... This article deals with conservatism as a political philosophy. ... Liberalism is an ideology, philosophical view, and political tradition which holds that liberty is the primary political value. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... The Swedish Social Democratic Party, officially the Social Democratic Workers Party (Swedish: ), contests elections as Workers Party - Social Democrats (Arbetarepartiet-Socialdemokraterna), commonly referred to just as the Social Democrats (Socialdemokraterna); is a political party in Sweden. ... The Left Party (Vänsterpartiet) is a socialist and feminist political party in Sweden, from 1967 to 1990 known as the Left Party - Communists (Vänsterpartiet kommunisterna; (vpk)). On welfare issues, the party opposes privatizations. ... The Green Party (Swedish: , literally Environment Party the Greens, and usually simply referred to in Sweden as Miljöpartiet: the Environment Party) is a green political party in Sweden. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Alliance for Sweden is a political alliance in Sweden. ...


The Livets Ord evangelistic church is based in Uppsala. Livets Ord, literally The Word of Life, is a Swedish church, founded in Uppsala by Ulf Ekman on May 24, 1983, who also served as its leader until 2000. ...


Geography

Situated on the fertile Uppsala flatlands of muddy soil, the city is featured by the small Fyris River (Fyrisån) flowing through the landscape surrounded by lush vegetation. Parallel to the river runs the glacial ridge of Uppsalaåsen, at an elevation of circa 30 metres the site of Uppsala's castle from which large parts of the town can be seen. The central park Stadsskogen stretches from the south far into town, with opportunities for recreation for many residential areas within walking distance. Flatlands is a type of terrain similar to savanna and grassland. ... FyrisÃ¥n is a river in the Swedish province of Uppland, which passes the city of Uppsala and ends in lake Mälaren. ...


Only some 70 kilometers or 40 minutes by train from the capital, many Uppsala residents work in Stockholm. The train to Stockholm-Arlanda Airport takes only 17 minutes, rendering the city easily accessible by air.   (IPA: ; UN/LOCODE: SE STO) is the capital of Sweden, and consequently the site of its Government and Parliament as well as the residence of the Swedish head of state, King Carl XVI Gustaf. ... Stockholm-Arlanda Airport (IATA: ARN, ICAO: ESSA), is an international airport located in Sigtuna Municipality near to the town of Märsta, 26 miles (42km) north of Stockholm and 17. ...


The commercial centre of Uppsala can best be described as quite compact: While some beautiful buildings remain in the periphery of the central core, especially on the less intensively built western river bank around the cathedral, castle and university, retail commercial activity is geographically focused to a minor number of blocks around the pedestrianized streets and main square, an area which was subject to large-scale post-World War II metamorphosis during the economically booming years in the 1960s in particular. During recent decades, a significant part of the retail commercial activity has been relocated to shopping malls and stores situated in the outskirts of the city. Alongside with this, the built up areas have expanded in a quite extensive way, and a certain suburbanization has taken place. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Suburbanisation is a term used by many to describe the current social urban dynamic operating within many parts of the developed world and is related to the phenomenon of urban sprawl. ...


Economy

As in many university towns, the bicycle is a common means of transport. Uppsala Central Station in the background to the left.
As in many university towns, the bicycle is a common means of transport. Uppsala Central Station in the background to the left.

Today Uppsala is well established in medical research and recognized for its leading position in biotechnology. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1216x912, 424 KB) Bicycles parked at the central station in Uppsala. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1216x912, 424 KB) Bicycles parked at the central station in Uppsala. ... The structure of insulin Biotechnology is technology based on biology, especially when used in agriculture, food science, and medicine. ...

  • GE Healthcare
  • Pfizer (see Pharmacia)
  • Fresenius
  • Slotts (food manufacturer, including mustard)
  • Lindvalls kaffe (coffee manufacturer)
  • Headquarters of MySQL AB
  • Q-Med (bioscience)

Pharmacia was originally a government owned Swedish pharmaceutical company. ... MySQL AB (founded 1995) is dual headquartered in Uppsala, Sweden and Cupertino, California, USA. The company is the creator and owner of MySQL, a relational database management system. ...

Universities

  • Uppsala University. Founded in 1477, under bishop Jakob Ulvsson. Closed in 1515. Officially reopened in 1595, following the Uppsala Synod in 1593. The university has a famous anatomical theatre, constructed by the scientist and polymath Olof Rudbeck (1630-1702), in the old university building Gustavianum. Nowadays the building is a museum. The University has 13 student nations each representing a geographical region of Sweden.

Uppsala University (Swedish Uppsala universitet) is a public university in Uppsala, Sweden. ... Jakob Ulvsson (died in the spring of 1521), Archbishop of Uppsala and the founder of Uppsala University. ... The Uppsala Synod in 1593 was the most important synod of the Lutheran Church of Sweden. ... Olaus Rudbeckius, senior or (1630-1702), Swedish scientist and writer, professor of medicine at Uppsala University and for several periods rector magnificus (headmaster) of the same university. ... Gustavianum, the former main building of Uppsala University, built 1622-1625 and named after King Gustavus Adolphus. ... Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences The Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences or Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet is a university in Uppsala, Sweden. ...

Sites of interest

The Fyris river neatly divides the city into two different parts: the historic quarter to the west of the river and the administrative, residential and commercial area to the east. Most of the features of interest are in the western part, dominated by the cathedral, and with its old streets, river views and parks.


The most outstanding building in Uppsala is the Domkyrka (Uppsala Cathedral), Scandinavia's largest church (118.70m high), which is visible from most parts of town. The Cathedral of Uppsala. ...


Facing the west end of the cathedral is the Gustavianum, built in 1625 to be the main building of the University, and served as such through most of the 19th century. It contains the Museum of Nordic Antiquities, the Victoria Museum (of Egyptian antiquities) and the University's cultural history collections. It also houses a perfectly preserved 17th-century Anatomical Theatre (used in its time for public dissections). Gustavianum, the former main building of Uppsala University, built 1622-1625 and named after King Gustavus Adolphus. ...


Across the street from the Gustavianum stands the new building of the Uppsala University, erected in 1879-86 in Italian Renaissance style. Uppsala University (Swedish Uppsala universitet) is a public university in Uppsala, Sweden. ...


Not very far from the University stands the Uppsala University Library (Carolina Rediviva), also the largest library in Sweden, with over 2 million volumes and some 30,000 manuscripts. The building was built in 1820-1841. Carolina Rediviva, the main building of the library, built 1816-1841 according to the design of Carl Fredrik Sundvall Uppsala University Library in Sweden consists of 19 different branch libraries, with the largest being that housed in the old main library building, Carolina Rediviva. ...


On a circa 35-metre high hill to the southwest of the University Library stands Uppsala Castle. Its construction was initiated in 1549 by King Gustav Vasa, founder of the modern Swedish kingdom. Today the castle holds several museums. Uppsala Castle and gardens 1675 Uppsala Castle in Uppsala, Sweden, was constructed during the Gustav Vasa era in the 16th Century. ... Gustav Vasa, originally Gustav Eriksson Vasa (May 12, 1496–September 29, 1560) was King of Sweden from 1523 until his death. ...


5km north of Uppsala lies Gamla Uppsala (Old Uppsala), the location of the medieval village of Uppsala. There are few remains, with the exception of three huge burial mounds of pre-Christian monarchs and a 12th-century church. Gamla Uppsala is an area rich in archaeological remains seen from the grave field whose larger mounds (left part) are close to the royal mounds. ...


Notable natives

Of these, Arrhenius, Bergman, Blix, Carlsson, Celsius, Eriksson, Hallman, Stolt and Bruniusson were born in Uppsala. Anders Jonas Ã…ngström Anders Jonas Ã…ngström (August 13, 1814 – June 21, 1874) was a physicist in Sweden, one of the founders of the science of spectroscopy. ... Svante August Arrhenius (February 19, 1859 – October 2, 1927) was a Swedish chemist and one of the founders of the science of physical chemistry. ... Ingmar Bergman   (IPA: in Swedish) (born July 14, 1918) is a Swedish stage and film director who is one of the key film auteurs of the twentieth century. ... Jöns Jakob Berzelius Statue of Berzelius in the centre of Berzelii Park, Stockholm Jöns Jakob Berzelius (August 20, 1779 - August 7, 1848) was a Swedish chemist. ...   (born 28 June 1928 in Uppsala, Sweden) is a Swedish diplomat and politician. ... Arvid Carlsson (b. ... Anders Celsius The observatory of Anders Celsius, from a contemporary engraving. ... Police mugshot of Eriksson after his arrest in April 2006 Bo Stefan M. Eriksson (born 14 December 1961) is a Swedish businessman from Uppsala who ran the Gizmondo gaming company until it became insolvent in 2005. ... Torsten Hallman (born in 1940 in Uppsala, Sweden) was a four time motocross World Champion. ... Dag Hjalmar Agne Carl Hammarskjöld ( ) (July 29, 1905 – September 18, 1961) was a Swedish diplomat and the second Secretary-General of the United Nations. ... Carolus Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as  , (May 23, 1707[1] – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist[2] who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. ... Olaus Rudbeckius, senior or (1630-1702), Swedish scientist and writer, professor of medicine at Uppsala University and for several periods rector magnificus (headmaster) of the same university. ... Roine Stolt (born on September 5, 1956 in Uppsala) is a Swedish guitarist, vocalist and composer Stolt started his career in the late 1960s playing bass guitar in local rock bands. ...


Twin cities

See also: Town twinning

Uppsala has been twinned with cities in the other four Nordic countries since 1947. The city was officially twinned with Tartu, Estonia in 1988, and with Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA in 2000. For the 1997 film, see Twin Town Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ... Political map of the Nordic countries and associated territories. ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

[1] [2] Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... View of most of Bærum from Holmenkollen in Oslo County Akershus District Viken Municipality NO-0209 Administrative centre Sandvika Mayor (2005) Odd Reinsfelt (H) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 334 192 km² 189 km² 0. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... Frederiksberg is a municipality of Denmark. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iceland. ... Location of Hafnarfjörður, Iceland (left/center) Coordinates: Constituency Southwest Area  - City 147 km²  (56. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland_(bordered). ... View of Lake Vanajavesi, next to Hämeenlinna. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article is about the city in Minnesota. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Estonia_(bordered). ... County Tartu County Mayor Laine Jänes Area 38. ...

See also

This article is about the modern city of Uppsala. ... Gamla Uppsala is an area rich in archaeological remains seen from the grave field whose larger mounds (left part) are close to the royal mounds. ... The Temple at Uppsala was a temple in Gamla Uppsala (Old Uppsala), near modern Uppsala, Sweden, that was created to worship the Norse gods of ancient times. ... Upsala Nya Tidning or UNT is a regional daily newspaper published in the Swedish university town of Uppsala (older spelling Upsala). ... Ärna or Uppsala Airport (ICAO: ESCM) is an airport located northwest of Uppsala, Sweden. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... The Disting is an annual market which is held in Uppsala, Sweden, since pre-historic times. ...

References

  1. ^ Uppsala's official web site: five twin cities
  2. ^ Uppsala's official web site: Minneapolis

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Uppsala is one of 134 towns with the historical City status in Sweden.


Coordinates: 59°51′31″N, 17°38′20″E Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ... Image File history File links Murkrona. ... Historically, the city status in Sweden, or stad, was granted through a Royal Charter. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Uppsala - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1062 words)
Uppsala is the capital of Uppsala County (Uppsala Län), and Sweden's ecclesiastical centre, being the seat of Sweden's archbishop since 1164.
Uppsala Cathedral is built in the Gothic style and is one of the largest in northern Europe, with towers reaching 118 metres.
Uppsala is one of 134 towns with the historical City status in Sweden.
Gamla Uppsala - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1459 words)
Gamla Uppsala lies on a cultivated plain in the valley of the River Fyris (the plain was formerly called Fyrisvellir) which is densely populated in its southern part, while the northern part consists of farms.
Adam of Bremen relates of the Uppsala of the 1070s and describes it as a pagan cult centre with the enormous Temple at Uppsala with wooden statues of Odin, Thor and Freyr.
Klingmark, Elisabeth: Gamla Uppsala, Svenska kulturminnen 59, Riksantikvarieämbetet.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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