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Encyclopedia > Unrestricted submarine warfare

Unrestricted submarine warfare is a kind of History of warfare Eras Prehistoric warfare Ancient warfare Medieval warfare Early modern warfare Modern warfare Types Naval warfare Siege warfare Trench warfare Guerrilla warfare Aerial warfare Nuclear warfare Lists List of wars List of battles List of sieges Naval warfare is combat in and on seas and oceans. Mankind has... naval warfare in which USS Los Angeles A submarine is a specialized watercraft that can operate underwater. Nuclear powered submarines and other large submarines are classed as ships, but are customarily referred to by their crews as boats. Most major navies of the world employ submarines. Submarines are also used for marine and freshwater... submarines sink merchant ships without warning. Such surprise attacks are in violation of the 1936 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). Contents // 1 Events 1.1 January-February 1.2 March-April 1.3 May-June 1.4 July-September 1.5 October 1.6 November 1.7 December 1.8 Unknown Dates 2 Year in topic... 1936 The Second London Naval Disarmament Conference opened in England on December 9, 1935. It resulted in the Second London Naval Treaty which was signed on March 25, 1936. The signatories were the governments of France, Britain, and the United States of America. The government of Japan, which had been a... Second London Naval Treaty, which specifies that "...except in the case of persistent refusal to stop on being duly summoned, or of active resistance to visit or search, a warship, whether surface vessel or submarine, may not sink or render incapable of navigation a merchant vessel without having first placed passengers, crew and ship's papers in a place of safety. For this purpose the ship's boats are not regarded as a place of safety...."


However, the London Rules were obsolete before they were signed, and were never widely accepted. The wide-spread adoption of radio meant that a merchant could call for help as soon as a submarine appeared, even before it could issue its demands. The rapidly-growing speed and destructive power of combat aircraft meant that any submarine trying to comply with these rules would be rapidly destroyed. The only Navy that made any attempt to honor this requirement was the early The Kriegsmarine or War Navy was the name of the German Navy between 1935 and 1945, during the Nazi reign. The war vessels available to the Kriegsmarine were U-boats, pocket battleships and limited smaller ships such as cruisers, destroyers and E-boats. The main battles the navy fought were... Kriegsmarine, and that half-hearted attempt ended with the The Laconia incident was an event in World War II that profoundly affected the operations of the German U-boat fleet and caused the conviction, four years later, of Admiral Karl Dönitz of war crimes. At 10 p.m. on September 12, 1942, U-156 was patrolling off the... Laconia incident. Since the introduction of long-range An Anti-ship missile (AShM) is a military missile designed for use against naval surface ships. Most AShMs are of the sea-skimming, subsonic variant, and use a combination of inertial and radar guidance. Countermeasures against AShMs include anti-missile missiles, CIWS, and various decoy systems. List of AShMs Boeing... anti-ship missiles that can destroy a ship from beyond the horizon, the London Rules are universally regarded as entirely moot.


There have been three major campaigns of unrestricted submarine warfare:

  1. The The First battle of the Atlantic (1914–1918) was a naval campaign of World War I, largely fought in the seas around the British Isles and in the Atlantic Ocean. The United Kingdom relied heavily on imports to feed its population and supply its war industry; the German navy... First Battle of the Atlantic during Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. Battle aftermath. Remains of the Chateau Wood World War I, also known as the First World War, the Great War, the War of the Nations, and the War to End All Wars, was a world conflict occurring from 1914 to... World War I (intermittently between 1915 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). Contents // 1 Events 1.1 Ongoing events 2 Births 3 Deaths 4 Nobel Prizes Events January Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14... 1915 and 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). Contents // 1 Events 1.1 January-February 1.2 March-April 1.3 May-July 1.4 August-October 1.5 November 1.6 December 1.7 Unknown dates 2 Births 2.1 January-February 2.2 March... 1918).
  2. The The Second Battle of the Atlantic was the longest continuous military campaign of World War II, running from 1939 right through to the defeat of Nazi Germany in 1945, and was at its height from mid-1940 through to about the end of 1943. The naval battle pitted Nazi Germany... Second Battle of the Atlantic during Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km (60,000 ft) into the air. August 9, 1945 World War II was a global conflict that started in 7 July 1937 in Asia and 1 September 1939 in Europe and lasted until 1945, involving the majority of the... World War II ( 1939 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). Contents // 1 Events 1.1 January-June 1.2 July-September 1.3 October-November 1.4 December 1.5 unknown dates 1.6 Ongoing events 2 Year in topic 3 Births 3.1 January-February... 1939 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). Contents // 1 Events 1.1 January 1.2 February 1.3 March 1.4 April 1.5 May 1.6 June 1.7 July 1.8 August 1.9 September 1.10 October 1.11 November... 1945).
  3. The The Pacific War (1937–1945) is not to be confused with the War of the Pacific (1879–1884) in South America. US landings in the Pacific, 1942–1945 The Pacific War, which is known in Japan as the Greater East Asia War, and in China as the... Pacific War during Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km (60,000 ft) into the air. August 9, 1945 World War II was a global conflict that started in 7 July 1937 in Asia and 1 September 1939 in Europe and lasted until 1945, involving the majority of the... World War II ( 1941 is also the title of a Steven Spielberg movie made in 1979 see 1941 (film). Years: 1938 1939 1940 - 1941 - 1942 1943 1944 Decades: 1910s 1920s 1930s - 1940s - 1950s 1960s 1970s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1941 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music - Television Science... 1941 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). Contents // 1 Events 1.1 January 1.2 February 1.3 March 1.4 April 1.5 May 1.6 June 1.7 July 1.8 August 1.9 September 1.10 October 1.11 November... 1945).

See also: Naval warfare is divided into three operational areas: surface warfare, air warfare and submarine warfare. Each area is comprised of specialized platforms and strategies used to exploit tactical advantages unique and inherent to that area. Modern submarine warfare is comprised primarily of submarines and other underwater devices, technologies, and strategies... submarine warfare, A tonnage war is a military strategy aimed at merchant shipping. The premise is that an enemy has only a finite number of ships, and a finite capacity to build replacements for them. The concept was made famous by U-boat commander Karl Dönitz, who wrote: The shipping of... tonnage war


  Results from FactBites:
 
Unrestricted submarine warfare - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (531 words)
Unrestricted submarine warfare is a type of naval warfare in which submarines sink merchant ships without warning.
During the post war Nuremberg Trials, in evidence presented at the trial of Karl Dönitz on his orders to the U-boat fleet to breach the London Rules, Admiral Chester Nimitz stated that unrestricted submarine warfare was carried on in the Pacific Ocean by the United States from the first day that nation entered the war.
It is indicative that despite the rules being used in the indictment of Dönitz, and although he was found guilty of breaching the 1936 Naval Protocol, his sentence was not assessed on the ground of his breaches of the international law of submarine warfare at the Nuremberg Trials.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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