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Encyclopedia > University of Turku
University of Turku
Turun yliopisto

Motto Vapaan kansan lahja vapaalle tieteelle
(Finnish: A free people's gift to free science)
Established 1920
Type Public University
Staff 1,500
Rector Prof. Keijo Virtanen
Students 18,000
Doctoral students 5,000
Location Turku, Finland
Campus Urban
Affiliations Coimbra Group
Website www.utu.fi

The University of Turku (Finnish Turun yliopisto, Swedish Åbo universitet), located in Turku in southwestern Finland, is the second largest university in the country as measured by student enrolment. It was established in 1920. The university is a member of the Coimbra Group. Image File history File links Utu_logo. ... A motto is a phrase or a short list of words meant formally to describe the general motivation or intention of an entity, social group, or organization. ... The date of establishment or date of founding of an institution is the date on which that institution chooses to claim as its starting point. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 3 - Babe Ruth is traded by the Boston Red Sox to the New York Yankees for $125,000, the largest sum ever paid for a player at that time. ... The word rector (ruler, from the Latin regere) has a number of different meanings. ... A doctorate is an academic degree of the highest level. ... Province Western Finland Region Finland Proper Sub-region Turku City manager Mikko Pukkinen Official languages Finnish, Swedish Area  - total  - land ranked 311th 245. ... Founded in 1985 and formally constituted by Charter in 1987, the Coimbra Group is a network of European universities which gathers 39 of the older universities, including Oxford, Cambridge, Salamanca, Bristol, Leuven/Louvain, Montpellier, Uppsala, Göttingen, Heidelberg, Jagiellonian, Dublin, Bologna, Siena, Leiden, Coimbra, Barcelona and Granada. ... This page as shown in the AOL 9. ... Province Western Finland Region Finland Proper Sub-region Turku City manager Mikko Pukkinen Official languages Finnish, Swedish Area  - total  - land ranked 311th 245. ... Representation of a university class, 1350s. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 3 - Babe Ruth is traded by the Boston Red Sox to the New York Yankees for $125,000, the largest sum ever paid for a player at that time. ... Founded in 1985 and formally constituted by Charter in 1987, the Coimbra Group is a network of European universities which gathers 39 of the older universities, including Oxford, Cambridge, Salamanca, Bristol, Leuven/Louvain, Montpellier, Uppsala, Göttingen, Heidelberg, Jagiellonian, Dublin, Bologna, Siena, Leiden, Coimbra, Barcelona and Granada. ...

Contents


History

The first university to be established in Turku was Academy of Åbo, in 1640, which was transferred to the new Capital, Helsinki, after the Great Fire of Turku in 1827. Three famous Finns began their studies in Turku in 1822. These were Johan Vilhelm Snellman, Elias Lönnrot, and Johan Ludvig Runeberg who have a statue on the University hill. The Academy of Ã…bo was the name of a still existing University of Helsinki between 1640 and 1827. ... Founded 1550 Province Southern Finland Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Area - Of which land - Rank 185. ... Johan Vilhelm Snellman (May 12, 1806 - July 4, 1881) was a Finnish (Fennoman of Swedish origin) writer, philosopher and statesman. ... Elias Lönnrot Elias Lönnrot (April 9, 1802 - March 19, 1884) was a Finnish philologist and collector of traditional Finnish oral poetry. ... Johan Ludvig Runeberg (Portrait by Albert Edelfelt) J.L. Runebergs autograph Johan Ludvig Runeberg (February 5, Pietarsaari 1804 – May 6, 1877,Porvoo) was a Finland-Swedish poet, and is held to be the national poet of Finland. ...


The modern University of Turku was founded in 1920. The Finnish intelligentsia wanted a purely Finnish university, the first of its kind in Finland. 22 040 people contributed to the fund-raising campaign. Newly gained independence and the campaign are reflected in the motto of the University “A gift from a free people to free science”. To honour the memory of these donors, the University has named its specially created liqueur "22 040". This liqueur has been developed by the University´s own food chemists, and also does homage to some of the distinctive fruits of the Finnish landscape: the cloudberry, the rowan and the sea buckthorn. Binomial name Rubus chamaemorus L. The Cloudberry (Rubus chamaemorus) is a slow-growing species of Rubus, producing edible fruit. ... Species The rowans are plants of the Family Rosaceae, in the Genus Sorbus, Subgenus Sorbus. ... Species Hippophae rhamnoides Hippophae salicifolia Hippophae tibetana The Sea-buckthorns, also known as Seaberry or Sea Berry, are deciduous shrubs in the genus Hippophae, family Elaeagnaceae. ...


The first premises of the University of Turku were in the centre of the city, by the market square. In the 1950s a new campus was built on Ryssänmäki (Russian Hill – now known as the University Hill). In the 1960s the University started to expand rapidly, a process that still continues. The University was made a public institution in 1974. 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1974 calendar). ...


Enrolment

The University has approximately 18 000 students, of which 5000 are Ph.D. students. The largest faculties are the Faculty of Humanities and the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences.


Organisation

Main Building
Main Building

There are six faculties: Image File history File links Download high resolution version (864x648, 103 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Turku ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (864x648, 103 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Turku ...

  • Humanities
  • Mathematics and Natural Science
  • Medicine
  • Law
  • Social Science
  • Education

The university also has number of special units not affiliated with faculties:

  • The Main Library
  • Language Centre
  • Centre for Environmental Research
  • Centre for Extension Studies
  • Centre for Maritime Studies
  • Functional Foods Forum
  • Tuorla Observatory
  • Turku Centre for Biotechnology
  • Turku PET Centre
  • Turku Centre for Computer Science

Campus area

The University of Turku shares a campus with Åbo Akademi University, Turku School of Economics and Business Administration, and elements of Turku Science Park. The area also encompasses the Turku University Hospital and the Student Village. The Administration Building and the surrounding complex was built in the fifties on what became to be known as the University Hill. The campus is constantly expanding. The university has also acquired some former military barracks built in the 19th century. The latest additions include Educarium, which houses the Faculty of Education, and Publicum, which houses the Faculty of Social Sciences. The Ã…bo Akademi University is a Swedish language university, founded in 1918 in Turku (Ã…bo in Swedish), Finland. ... The Turku School of Economics and Business Administration (Finnish Turun kauppakorkeakoulu) is a university specialising on economic and business sciences located in Turku, Finland. ... Turku Science Park is a community of businesses and educational establishments in the city of Turku, Finland. ... TYKS or Turun yliopistollinen keskussairaala (Finnish for University of Turku Central Hospital) is a hospital in Turku, Finland, administered by the University of Turku. ... The Turku Student Village (Finnish Turun ylioppilaskylä or just Yo-kylä, Swedish Studentbyn) is the largest single student housing complex in Finland. ... Between 1809 and 1917 Finland was an autonomous part of the Russian Empire as the Grand Duchy of Finland. ...


Research

Alumni

External links

  • The University of Turku
Coimbra Group (of European research universities)|
Aarhus | Barcelona | Bergen | Bologna | Bristol | Budapest | Cambridge | Coimbra | Dublin | Edinburgh | Galway | Geneva | Göttingen | Granada | Graz | Groningen | Heidelberg | Jena | Kraków | Leiden | Leuven | Louvain-la-Neuve | Lyon | Montpellier | Oxford | Padua | Pavia | Poitiers | Prague | Salamanca | Siena | Tartu | Thessaloniki | Turku I | Turku II | Uppsala | Würzburg

  Results from FactBites:
 
CENTRE FOR COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE (150 words)
Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience (CCN) is a multidisciplinary research unit established at the University of Turku in April 1993.
Its purpose is to integrate research in cognitive neuroscience in Turku.
The University of Turku, the Åbo Akademi University and Turku University Central Hospital have their representatives in the Scientific Advisory Board of the CCN.
Briefly - Department of Psychology (285 words)
The first Psychological Laboratory at a university level in Finland was founded at the Finnish University of Turku already in 1922.
The Department of Psychology at the University of Turku belongs to the Faculty of Social Sciences.
The Department coordinates the national Network University of Psychology (Psykonet) which is formed by the psychology departments of all the universities in Finland.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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