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Encyclopedia > University of Maryland, College Park

University of Maryland, College Park

Seal of the University of Maryland (Trademark of the University of Maryland) Image File history File links University_of_Maryland_seal. ...

Motto Fatti Maschii, Parole Femine
("Manly deeds, womanly words")
Established 1856
Type Public university
Academic term Semester
President C. Daniel Mote, Jr.
Provost Nariman Farvardin
Faculty 3,752[1]
Undergraduates 25,154[1]
Postgraduates 9,948[1]
Location College Park, Maryland, United States ( 38°59′17″N, 76°56′41″W)
Campus Suburban, 1250 acres[1]
Colors Red, White, Black, and Gold                        
Nickname Terrapins
Mascot Testudo
Website http://www.umd.edu
Public transit access College Park-U of Md on the Washington Metro.

The University of Maryland, College Park (also known as UM, UMD, or UMCP) is a public university located in the city of College Park, in Prince George's County, Maryland, just outside Washington, D.C., in the United States. Founded in 1856, the University of Maryland is the flagship institution of the state of Maryland, and is considered to be a "Public Ivy" by authors Howard and Matthew Greene of Greene's Guides (2001), defined by the authors as a public institution that "provides an Ivy League collegiate experience at a public school price". The University is most often referred to as the University of Maryland or simply Maryland, even though its formal name remains University of Maryland, College Park. For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... Fatti maschii, parole femine, Marylands state motto, appears on the Great Seal of Maryland. ... The date of establishment or date of founding of an institution is the date on which that institution chooses to claim as its starting point. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... An academic term is a division of an academic year, the time during which a school, college or university holds classes. ... University President is the title of the highest ranking officer within a university, within university systems that prefer that appellation over other variations such as Chancellor or rector. ... Clayton Daniel Mote Jr. ... Provost is the title of a senior academic administrator at many institutions of higher education in the United States and Canada, the equivalent of Vice-Chancellor at certain UK universites such as UCL, and the head of certain Oxbridge colleges (e. ... ba salam khedmate shoma. ... A faculty is a division within a university. ... In some educational systems, undergraduate education is post-secondary education up to the level of a Bachelors degree. ... Degree ceremony at Cambridge. ... College Park is a city in Prince Georges County, Maryland, USA, United States. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N  - Longitude 75° 03′ W to 79° 29... Illustration of the backyards of a surburban neighbourhood Suburbs are inhabited districts located either on the outer rim of a city or outside the official limits of a city (the term varies from country to country), or the outer elements of a conurbation. ... School colors are the colors chosen by a school to represent it on uniforms and other items of identification. ... The athletic nickname, or equivalently athletic moniker, of a university or college within the United States of America is the name officially adopted by that institution for at least the members of its athletic teams. ... The Maryland Terrapins, most commonly referred to as the Terps, represent the University of Maryland, College Park in NCAA sports. ... Millie, once mascot of the City of Brampton, is now the Brampton Arts Councils representative. ... Testudo may refer to: Testudo, a genus of tortoises. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... College Park-U of Md is a Washington Metro station in Prince Georges County, Maryland on the Green Line. ... Washington Metro redirects here. ... College Park is a city in Prince Georges County, Maryland, USA, United States. ... Prince Georges County is a suburban county located in the state of Maryland immediately east of Washington, D.C.. It is notable as the wealthiest majority-African-American county in the country. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N  - Longitude 75° 03′ W to 79° 29... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N  - Longitude 75° 03′ W to 79° 29... Public Ivy is a term first used by American author Richard Moll to mean a public institution that provide[s] an Ivy League collegiate experience at a public school price. ...


The University of Maryland's location near Washington, D.C., has created strong research partnerships, especially with government agencies. Many of the faculty members have funding from federal agencies such as the National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Department of Defense, and the National Security Agency. It is a member of the Association of American Universities. The logo of the National Science Foundation The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent United States government agency that supports fundamental research and education in all the non-medical fields of science and engineering. ... National Institutes of Health Building 50 at NIH Clinical Center - Building 10 The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is an agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services and is the primary agency of the United States government responsible for biomedical research. ... NASA Logo Listen to this article · (info) This audio file was created from the revision dated 2005-09-01, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. ... The United States Department of Defense, abbreviated DoD or DOD and sometimes called the Defense Department, is a civilian Cabinet organization of the United States government. ... “NSA” redirects here. ... The Association of American Universities (AAU) is an organization of leading research universities devoted to maintaining a strong system of academic research and education. ...


As of fiscal year 2007, the University of Maryland, College Park's operating budget was projected to be approximately $1.352 billion.[2] The University has also raised more than $400 million in private donations in its recent "Great Expectations" campaign.[3] USD redirects here. ...

Contents

History

Early history

Charles Benedict Calvert
Charles Benedict Calvert

On March 6, 1856, the forerunner of today's University of Maryland was chartered as the Maryland Agricultural College (MAC).[4], Two years later, Charles Benedict Calvert, a descendant of the Barons Baltimore and a future U.S. Congressman, purchased 420 acres (1.7 km²) of the Riverdale Plantation in College Park for $21,000.[5] Calvert founded the school later that year with money earned by the sale of stock certificates.[6] On October 6, 1859, the first 34 students entered the Maryland Agricultural College, including four of Charles Calvert's sons, George, Charles, William and Eugene. The keynote speaker on opening day was Joseph Henry, the first Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution.[7], Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x1271, 106 KB) Description Charles Benedict Calvert, former U.S. Congressman from Maryland. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x1271, 106 KB) Description Charles Benedict Calvert, former U.S. Congressman from Maryland. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Charles Benedict Calvert Charles Benedict Calvert (August 24, 1808 — May 12, 1864) was a U.S. Congressman from Maryland, serving one term from 1861—1863. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1859 (MDCCCLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


In July 1862, the same month that the MAC awarded its first degrees, President Lincoln signed the Morrill Land Grant Act. The legislation provided federal funds to schools that taught agriculture, engineering, or provided military training. Taking advantage of the opportunity, the school became a land grant college in February 1864 after the Maryland legislature voted to approve the Morrill Act. For other uses, see Abraham Lincoln (disambiguation). ... The Morrill Land-Grant Acts are pieces of US legislation which allowed for the creation of land-grant colleges, which would be funded by the grant of federally-controlled land to each of the states which had stayed with the United States during the American Civil War. ... Land-grant universities (also called land-grant colleges or land grant institutions) are American institutions which have been designated by a Congress to receive the benefits of the Morrill Acts of 1862 and 1890. ... The Morrill Land-Grant Acts are pieces of US legislation which allowed for the creation of land-grant colleges, which would be funded by the grant of federally-controlled land to each of the states which had stayed with the United States during the American Civil War. ...


Civil War period

A few months after accepting the grant, the Maryland Agricultural College proved to be an important site in the Civil War. In April 1864, General Ambrose E. Burnside and 6,000 soldiers of the Union's Ninth Army Corps camped on the MAC campus. The troops were en route to reinforce General Ulysses S. Grant's forces in Virginia. While encamped the troops tore down several hundred feet of fence for fire wood and attempted to set fire to a stone barn. Later, the University unsuccessfully attempted to sue the federal government for damages. Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... Ambrose Everett Burnside (May 23, 1824 – September 13, 1881) was an American railroad executive, inventor, industrialist, and politician from Rhode Island, serving as governor and a U.S. Senator. ... Ulysses Simpson Grant (April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was an American Civil War General and the 18th (1869–1877) President of the United States. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


Later that summer, around 400 Confederate soldiers led by General Bradley T. Johnson stayed on the grounds while preparing to take part in a raid against Washington. Warmly welcomed by university President Henry Onderdonk, a Confederate sympathizer, the cavalrymen were thrown a party on the campus. Nicknamed "The Old South Ball," legend tells of a lavish party that carried on late into the night. The next morning the soldiers rode off to cut the lines of communication between Washington and Baltimore. The stigma of "The Old South Ball" would linger much longer. Henry Ustick Onderdonk (1789-1858) was born in New York City. ...


Financial problems forced the increasingly desperate administrators to sell off 200 acres of land, and the continuing decline in student enrollment sent the Maryland Agricultural College into bankruptcy. For the next two years the campus was used as a boys preparatory school.


Postwar era

Following the Civil War, the Maryland legislature pulled the college out of bankruptcy, and in February 1866 assumed half ownership of the school. The college thus became in part a state institution. George Washington Custis Lee, son of Confederate General Robert E. Lee, was appointed president of the college by the Board of Trustees, but due to public outcry declined the position. By October 1867, the school reopened with 11 students. In the next six years, enrollment continued to grow, and the school's debt was finally paid off. Twenty years later, the school's reputation as a research institution began, as the federally funded Agricultural Experiment Station was established there. During the same period, a number of state laws granted the college regulatory powers in several areas—including controlling farm disease, inspecting feed, establishing a state weather bureau and geological survey, and housing the board of forestry. George Washington Custis Lee (also known as Custis Lee) (September 16, 1832 – February 18, 1913) was the eldest son of Robert E. Lee and Mary Anna Custis Lee. ... For the author of Inherit the Wind and other works, see Robert Edwin Lee. ...


Also in 1888, the college began its first official intercollegiate baseball games against rivals St. John's College and the United States Naval Academy. Baseball, however, had been played at the college for decades before the first "official" games were recorded. This article is about the sport. ... St. ... The United States Naval Academy (USNA) is an institution for the undergraduate education of officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps and is in Annapolis, Maryland . ...


In 1897 the first fraternity, Phi Sigma Kappa, was established on Maryland's campus, and Morrill Hall (the oldest instructional building still in use on campus) was built the following year.


The Great Fire of 1912

The remains of the administration building after the flames finally died down.

On November 29, 1912, around 10:30 p.m., a fire, probably due to faulty electric wiring, broke out in the attic of the newest administration building, where a Thanksgiving dance was being held. The approximately eighty students on the premises evacuated themselves safely, and then formed a makeshift bucket brigade. The fire departments summoned from nearby Hyattsville and Washington, D.C. arrived too late. Fanned by a strong southwest wind, the fire destroyed the barracks where the students were housed, all the school's records, and most of the academic buildings, leaving only Morrill Hall untouched. The loss was estimated at $250,000 (about $5 million in 2005 U.S. dollars) despite no injuries or fatalities. The devastation was so great that many never expected the university to reopen. University President Richard Silvester resigned, brokenhearted. Image File history File links 1912Fire. ... Image File history File links 1912Fire. ... is the 333rd day of the year (334th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The art of diplomacy, painted by Jean Leon Gerome Ferris (1863-1930). ... Hyattsville is a city located in Prince Georges County, Maryland, USA. // History The city was named for its founder, Christopher Clark Hyatt. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ...


However, the students refused to give up. All but two returned to the university after the break and insisted on classes continuing as usual. Students were housed by families in neighboring towns who were compensated by the university until housing could be rebuilt, although a new administration building was not built until the 1940s.


A large brick and concrete compass inlaid in the ground designates the former center of campus as it existed in 1912. Lines engraved in the compass point to each building that was destroyed in the Thanksgiving Day fire. The only building not marked on the compass is Morrill Hall, which was spared by the blaze. 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Recent history

McKeldin Library
McKeldin Library

The state took complete control of the school in 1916, and consequently the institution was renamed Maryland State College. Also that year, the first female students enrolled at the school. On April 9, 1920, the college merged with the preestablished professional schools in Baltimore to form the University of Maryland. The graduate school on the College Park campus awarded its first Ph.D. degrees, and the University's enrollment reached 500 students in the same year. In 1925 the University was granted accreditation by the Association of American Universities. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3296x2480, 1253 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): University of Maryland, College Park Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3296x2480, 1253 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): University of Maryland, College Park Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... is the 99th day of the year (100th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... University of Maryland, Baltimore, (also known as UMB) was founded in 1807. ... The Association of American Universities (AAU) is an organization of leading research universities devoted to maintaining a strong system of academic research and education. ...

Memorial Chapel
Memorial Chapel

By the time the first African-American students enrolled at the University in 1951, enrollment had grown to nearly 10,000 students—4,000 of whom were women. In 1957 President Wilson H. Elkins made a push to increase academic standards at the University. His efforts resulted in the creation of one of the first Academic Probation Plans. The first year the plan went into effect, 1,550 students (18% of the total student body) faced expulsion. Since then, academic standards at the school have steadily risen. Recognizing the improvement in academics, Phi Beta Kappa established a chapter at the university in 1964. In 1969, the university was elected to the Association of American Universities. The school continued to grow, and by the fall of 1985 reached an enrollment of 38,679. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2410x3237, 1514 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): University of Maryland, College Park Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2410x3237, 1514 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): University of Maryland, College Park Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... The Phi Beta Kappa Society is an honor society which considers its mission to be fostering and recognizing excellence in undergraduate liberal arts and sciences. ...


On September 24, 2001, a tornado struck the College Park campus, killing two female students and causing $15 million in damage to 12 buildings.[8] is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the weather phenomenon. ...


Name and structural changes

In a massive 1988 restructuring of the state higher education system, the school was designated as the flagship campus of the newly formed University System of Maryland and was formally named University of Maryland, College Park. However, in 1997 the Maryland General Assembly passed legislation allowing the University of Maryland, College Park to be known simply as the University of Maryland, recognizing the campus's role as the flagship institution of the University System of Maryland. University System of Maryland The University System of Maryland (USM) is a public corporation and charter school system comprising 13 Maryland institutions of higher education. ...


The other University System of Maryland institutions with the name "University of Maryland" are not satellite campuses of the University of Maryland, College Park, and are not referred to as such. The University of Maryland, Baltimore is the only other school permitted to confer certain degrees that state, simply "University of Maryland". This is due to the fact that the Baltimore school offers primarily graduate degrees in disciplines not covered at College Park, such as Dentistry, Law and Medicine. The relationship between the University of Maryland, College Park, and the University of Maryland, Baltimore is akin to the relationship of the University of California, Berkeley to the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), which also primarily offers graduate programs that Berkeley does not provide. University of Maryland, Baltimore, (also known as UMB) was founded in 1807. ...


Academics

The University of Maryland offers 127 undergraduate degrees and 112 graduate degrees in 13 different colleges and schools, including the College of Education; the College of Computer, Mathematical, and Physical Sciences; Philip Merrill College of Journalism, which has produced journalists like Connie Chung and Carl Bernstein (who actually dropped out of the school)[9]; the Robert H. Smith School of Business; the College of Behavioral and Social Sciences; the A. James Clark School of Engineering; School of Music; College of Information Studies and the School of Public Policy. The Philip Merrill College of Journalism is a journalism school located at the University of Maryland, College Park. ... Constance Yu-Hwa Chung Povich (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; born August 20, 1946) is an American journalist who has appeared on many USA television news networks. ... Carl Bernstein (left) and Bob Woodward (right)This image is pending deletion. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The A. James Clark School of Engineering is the Engineering College at the University of Maryland, College Park. ... The University of Maryland School of Music (officially abbreviated UM School of Music) is an internationally respected music school located in the metropolitan Baltimore/Washington Corridor of the Mid-Atlantic States. ... The College of Information Studies (CLIS) is a library and information studies located at the University of Maryland, College Park. ... The School of Public Policy at the University of Maryland, College Park is one of the nations premier public policy schools and is the only Washington, D.C.-area policy school embedded within a major research university. ...

HJ Patterson Hall
HJ Patterson Hall

The Honors Program is similar to most other honors programs throughout the country. The Gemstone program is a highly selective program within Honors run by the A. James Clark School of Engineering, in which students from numerous disciplines live and work together on a complex 4-year research project. This project culminates during the senior year when the teams must defend their dissertation in front of a panel of experts, similar to the thesis defense for a Masters degree or Ph.D. The College Park Scholars program allows incoming freshman to live and take classes with a group of students who have a similar interest. The Jimenez-Porter Writers' House is a program that focuses on the creative writing skills of students. Civicus focuses on civil service. There is also a program for mainly business and engineering majors who are interested in starting their own business called Hinman CEO's. As the nation’s first living-learning entrepreneurship program, Hinman CEOs is a groundbreaking program placing entrepreneurially-minded students from all academic disciplines in a unique community to explore new ventures. The mission of Hinman CEOs is to foster an entrepreneurial spirit, create a sense of community and cooperation, and positively impact the way that students see their career opportunities. Brian Hinman, University of Maryland A. James Clark School of Engineering alumnus and successful entrepreneur, provided $2.5M to initiate and support the Program. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3296x2480, 1825 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): College Park, Maryland University of Maryland, College Park Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3296x2480, 1825 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): College Park, Maryland University of Maryland, College Park Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the...

Path on McKeldin Mall in Winter
Path on McKeldin Mall in Winter

The University of Maryland also has a number of stand-alone academic programs in many fields. These undergraduate programs pull faculty from many different colleges and departments, and a degree certificate or minor may be granted upon completion. Specialized programs offer students academic, community service, and research opportunities outside of the traditional classroom interaction. Students are often invited into these programs based on academic merit, current community service involvement, and racial/ethnic designation. In some programs, a degree certificate or minor may be awarded upon completion. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1536 × 2048 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1536 × 2048 pixel, file size: 1. ...


The University's academic reputation has increased in recent decades, as evidenced in many surveys. It is ranked 54th in the latest U.S. News and World Report rankings of "national universities" [10], and is 18th among public universities. 31 programs are ranked in the Top 10 (undergraduate and graduate), and 91 programs are in the Top 25. [11] It was also considered to have one of the nation's best first-year student experiences.[12]] The much-publicized and most widely cited Academic Ranking of World Universities compiled by the Shanghai Jiao Tong University ranked Maryland as 37th and 11th among public universities in the United States. In early 2007, as a follow-up to the Institute's overall 2006 ranking of the world's research universities, it released world rankings based on "Broad Subject Fields.", Maryland was ranked 23rd in Natural Sciences and Mathematics, 13th in Engineering and Computer Science, and 18th in Social Sciences. Newsweek ranked the University of Maryland as 45th in their ranking of the world's "global universities" and Webometrics, a leading web collegiate ranking site, ranked Maryland 24th on its Top 3000 Universities list.[13][14] . U.S. News & World Report is a weekly newsmagazine. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Newsweek logo Newsweek is a weekly news magazine published in New York City and distributed throughout the United States and internationally. ... The science of webometrics (also cybermetrics, web metrics) tries to measure the Internet to get knowledge about number and types of hyperlinks, structure of the World Wide Web and usage patterns. ...


Research

On October 14, 2004, the university added 150 acres (607,000 m²) in an ambitious attempt to create the largest research park inside the Washington, D.C., Capital Beltway, known as "M Square" [15]. The university completed construction on a new Bioscience Research Building on campus in May 2007. is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... The Capital Beltway (in green) The Capital Beltway (Interstate 495) is an expressway-class interstate highway which circles the Washington, DC area. ...


The University of Maryland's location near Washington, D.C., has created strong research partnerships, especially with government agencies. Many of the faculty members have funding from federal agencies such as the National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Department of Defense, and the National Security Agency. These relationships have created numerous research opportunities for the university including: The logo of the National Science Foundation The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent United States government agency that supports fundamental research and education in all the non-medical fields of science and engineering. ... National Institutes of Health Building 50 at NIH Clinical Center - Building 10 The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is an agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services and is the primary agency of the United States government responsible for biomedical research. ... NASA Logo Listen to this article · (info) This audio file was created from the revision dated 2005-09-01, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. ... The United States Department of Defense, abbreviated DoD or DOD and sometimes called the Defense Department, is a civilian Cabinet organization of the United States government. ... “NSA” redirects here. ...

  • taking the lead in the nationwide research initiative into the transmission and prevention of human and avian influenza [citation needed]
  • creating a new research center to study the behavioral and social foundations of terrorism with funding from the U.S. Department of Homeland Security
  • launching the joint NASA-University of Maryland Deep Impact spacecraft in early January 2005.

The University of Maryland Libraries provide access to and assistance in the use of the scholarly information resources required to meet the education, research and service missions of the University. Avian influenza (also known as bird flu, avian flu, influenzavirus A flu, type A flu, or genus A flu) is a flu (influenza) due to a type of influenza virus that is hosted by birds, but may infect several species of mammals. ... Terrorist redirects here. ... The United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is a Cabinet department of the federal government of the United States that is concerned with protecting the American homeland and the safety of American citizens. ... This article is about the American space agency. ... Illustration of the Deep Impact space probe after impactor separation (artists conception) Deep Impact is a NASA space probe designed to study the composition of the interior of the comet Tempel 1. ... The University of Maryland Libraries constitute the largest public research library in the state of Maryland. ...


The Center for American Politics and Citizenship provides citizens and policy-makers with research on critical issues related to the United States' political institutions, processes, and policies. CAPC is a non-partisan, non-profit research institution within the Department of Government and Politics in the College of Behavioral and Social Sciences. There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...


The Space Systems Laboratory researches human-robotic interaction for astronautics applications, and includes the only neutral buoyancy facility at a university. The tank at the SSLs Neutral Buoyancy Research Facility The Space Systems Laboratory (SSL) is part of the Aerospace Engineering Department and James A. Clark School of Engineering at the University of Maryland in College Park, Maryland. ... Astronautics is the branch of engineering that deals with machines designed to work outside of Earths atmosphere, whether manned or unmanned. ... Neutral Buoyancy is a condition in which a physical bodys mass equals the mass it displaces in a surrounding medium. ...


Athletics

Athletics logo containing the Terrapin mascot
Athletics logo containing the Terrapin mascot

The school's sports teams are called the Terrapins, and the mascot of the University (pictured right) is a diamondback terrapin named Testudo, which is Latin for "protective shell." The Terrapins sports teams participate in the NCAA's Division I-A, and the school is a founding member of the Atlantic Coast Conference. For years the school colors were black and gold. After World War One, new coach Clark Shaughnessy came to Maryland from Stanford, and brought a supply of that school's uniforms with him. Combining those colors with the old black and gold, the university's official colors were expanded to match those that appear on the Maryland State Flag: black, gold, red, and white. Red and white are now the most-used team colors, and gold is almost strictly used as an accent color. "Fear the Turtle," a slogan born during the basketball team's national championship run in 2002, has since been commonly associated with other Maryland teams.[16] The Maryland Terrapins, most commonly referred to as the Terps, represent the University of Maryland, College Park in NCAA sports. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Binomial name Schoepf, 1793 Synonyms Emys Concentrica Testudo concentrata Testudo ocellata Testudo terrapin The Diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin) is a species of turtle native to the brackish coastal swamps of the eastern and southern United States, from as far north as Cape Cod, Massachusetts and as far south as Corpus... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA, often pronounced N-C-Double-A or N-C-Two-A ) is a voluntary association of about 1,200 institutions, conferences, organizations and individuals that organizes the athletic programs of many colleges and universities in the United States. ... The Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC) is one of the oldest collegiate athletic leagues in the United States. ... Flag of Maryland The flag of Maryland consists of the heraldic banners of the family of George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore. ...

Comcast Center, constructed in 2002.
Comcast Center, constructed in 2002.

The university's athletics program has enjoyed national prominence. Most recently, the Maryland women's basketball team won the 2006 Women's National Championship on April 4, guided by Coach Brenda Frese, after beating Duke 78-75 in overtime. Previously, the men's football program went undefeated in 1951 and won the 1953 national championship, and was a bowl game invitee in the late 1970s and early 80s. After a fifteen-year down period, Ralph Friedgen reversed the fortunes of Terrapin football in his first three seasons, leading the team to 31 wins, an appearance in the BCS Orange Bowl, commanding victories in the Peach Bowl, the Gator Bowl and the Champs Sports Bowl, consecutive top-3 finishes in conference, and one ACC regular season title. These promising seasons were followed up by two subpar 5-6 seasons, where the Terrapins did not reach a bowl. However, in 2006, Friedgen returned UMD to bowl status, where they defeated the Purdue Boilermakers, 24-7 in the Champs Sports Bowl, in Orlando, FL. Maryland has produced NFL stars such as Vernon Davis of the 49ers, Shawne Merriman of the Chargers, Lamont Jordan of the Raiders, E.J. Henderson of the Vikings, Domonique Foxworth of the Broncos and many others. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2928x1280, 1455 KB) Other versions Image:Comcast Center at UMCP, main entrance, August 21, 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2928x1280, 1455 KB) Other versions Image:Comcast Center at UMCP, main entrance, August 21, 2006. ... This article is about the arena. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The 2006 NCAA Womens Division I Basketball Tourament, marks the 25th NCAA Womens Basketball National Championship. ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Brenda Frese is the current womens basketball team head coach at the University of Maryland. ... This article is about the nobility title. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... BCS Logo 2006-Present with logo of Television Rightsholder Fox Broadcasting Company The Bowl Championship Series (BCS) is designed to pair the top two teams in college football against each other in the BCS National Championship Game, with the winner being the BCS national champion. ... The Orange Bowl is an annual college football game that is usually played on January 1 in the Miami, Florida metro area, in the United States. ... The Chick-fil-A Peach Bowl is an annual college football bowl game played in Atlanta, Georgia since December, 1968. ... The Toyota Gator Bowl is an annual college football bowl game that is played at ALLTEL Stadium in Jacksonville, Florida. ... The Champs Sports Bowl is an annual college football game that is played in Orlando, Florida. ... Vernon Leonard Davis (born January 31, 1984 in Washington, D.C.) is an NFL tight end for the San Francisco 49ers. ... Shawne Merriman (born May 25, 1984 in Washington, D.C.) is an American football outside linebacker for the San Diego Chargers of the NFL. // He was selected with the 12th overall pick in the 2005 NFL Draft out of the University of Maryland, College Park. ... LaMont Jordan is a National Football League running back, currently playing for the New York Jets. ... E.J. Henderson is a football linebacker who currently plays for the Minnesota Vikings. ... Domonique Foxworth is a Cornerback for the Denver Broncos. ...


Men's basketball has traditionally been the most popular sport at Maryland and is under the guidance of another Maryland graduate, Gary Williams of the class of 1968. Williams, who returned to his alma mater in 1989 after successful head coaching stints at American University, Boston College, and Ohio State, inherited a once-successful program that was suffering the aftereffects of the death of Len Bias as well as NCAA rules infractions under Williams's predecessor. Williams led Maryland to eleven consecutive NCAA tournament appearances (1993–2004) and eight consecutive seasons with 20 or more wins (1996–2004). In addition, he has taken the Terps to the tournament's Regional Semifinals (Sweet Sixteen) seven times, to the Final Four twice, and led the school to its first NCAA title in men's basketball in 2002. With one of the youngest teams in the nation, Williams led his team to his first ACC Tournament title in 2004. With a win over the Virginia Cavaliers on February 7, 2006, Gary Williams became Maryland's all-time leader in basketball wins with 349, beating the previous record of Lefty Driesell, who attended the record-breaking game. This article is about the sport. ... Gary B. Williams (born March 4, 1945 in Collingswood, New Jersey, United States) is the current head coach of the University of Marylands Mens basketball team. ... Alma mater is Latin for nourishing mother. It was used in ancient Rome as a title for the mother goddess, and in Medieval Christianity for the Virgin Mary. ... Leonard Kevin Bias (November 18, 1963 – June 19, 1986) was an American college basketball player who suffered a fatal cardiac arrhythmia that resulted from a cocaine overdose less than 48 hours after being selected by the Boston Celtics in the 1986 NBA Draft. ... // Final four redirects here. ... Charles Lefty Driesell (born December 25, 1931) is a retired college basketball coach. ...

Terrapins' Chevy Chase Bank Field at Byrd Stadium
Terrapins' Chevy Chase Bank Field at Byrd Stadium

Beyond these primary "revenue sports", Maryland excels in other areas as well. Women's basketball began a resurgence in 2002, and has reached the NCAA Women's Basketball tournament for four consecutive years under Coach Brenda Frese. The Lady Terps beat Duke in 2006 to bring Maryland its first NCAA title in women's basketball. Coach Sasho Cirovski has taken the men's soccer team to five Final Fours since 1997, including four straight. In 2005, the squad claimed the NCAA College Cup National Championship with a 1-0 win over New Mexico. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x857, 1088 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Byrd Stadium User:BigDT Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x857, 1088 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Byrd Stadium User:BigDT Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... Brenda Frese is the current womens basketball team head coach at the University of Maryland. ... Sasho Cirovski (1954- ) is a United States soccer coach who led his University of Maryland team to the NCAA championship in 2005. ... A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ... The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA, often pronounced N-C-Double-A or N-C-Two-A ) is a voluntary association of about 1,200 institutions, conferences, organizations and individuals that organizes the athletic programs of many colleges and universities in the United States. ... This article lists NCAA Mens soccer championships. ...


The field hockey team has made eleven Final Four appearances (through 2006) and won the 1987, 1993, 1999, 2005, and 2006 national titles. The volleyball team won the ACC tournament in 2003 and qualified for the NCAA tournament. A game of field hockey in progress Field hockey is a popular sport for men and women in many countries around the world. ... For the ball used in this sport, see Volleyball (ball). ...


The women's lacrosse team has won a total of ten national championships since 1981, eight of which came under the direction of Cindy Timchal, including a run of seven straight (1995 through 2001). Additionally, the women's lacrosse team has been an NCAA finalist in eleven of the last fourteen years, and produced more All-Americans in the sport than any other school. Two of Maryland's outstanding All Americans, Cathy Nelson-Reese and Jen Adams, became coach and co-coach of the team in 2006-2007 when Timchal took over the new program at the United States Naval Academy. The men's lacrosse program is often ranked among the top programs nationally and won the NCAA Championship in 1973 and 1975. A womens lacrosse player carries the ball past a defender. ... A womens lacrosse player carries the ball past a defender. ... An All-America team is a sports team composed of star players. ... The United States Naval Academy (USNA) is an institution for the undergraduate education of officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps and is in Annapolis, Maryland . ... The Dive Shot. Lacrosse is a team sport that is played with ten players (mens field), six players (mens box), or twelve players (womens field), each of whom uses a netted stick (the crosse) in order to pass and catch a hard rubber ball with the aim...


The Mighty Sound of Maryland Marching Band[17] attends all home football games and at least one away game each season. The band provides pre-game performances that have remained largely unchanged for several years. A video of the pre-game show can be viewed at the band's Web site.[18] The band also plays at halftime during home games, with a different show every game. At the end of their 2006-2007 season, the entire 250-member Mighty Sound of Maryland Marching Band traveled to New Orleans to build new homes with Habitat for Humanity for families displaced by Hurricane Katrina.


During the basketball season, the marching band converts into the University of Maryland Pep Band.[19] The pep band provides energetic music and cheers in the stands at men's and women's home games. The pep band's repertoire (more than 300 songs, as of the 2006-2007 season) is compiled from past marching band shows and some special arrangements. The Pep Band also travels with the basketball teams during tournament play.


Testudo

In 1932, Curley Byrd, who served both as University football coach and President, proposed changing the school mascot to the Maryland diamondback terrapin, the state reptile. The first statue of Testudo cast in bronze was donated by the Class of 1933 and was displayed on U.S. Route 1 (Baltimore Ave.) in front of Ritchie Coliseum. However, the 300 pound mascot was subjected to many indignities by visiting college athletic teams. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1800x1199, 1256 KB) Description Adult female Diamondback turtle. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1800x1199, 1256 KB) Description Adult female Diamondback turtle. ... Binomial name Schoepf, 1793 Synonyms Emys Concentrica Testudo concentrata Testudo ocellata Testudo terrapin The Diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin) is a species of turtle native to the brackish coastal swamps of the eastern and southern United States, from as far north as Cape Cod, Massachusetts and as far south as Corpus... Binomial name Schoepf, 1793 Synonyms Emys Concentrica Testudo concentrata Testudo ocellata Testudo terrapin The Diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin) is a species of turtle native to the brackish coastal swamps of the eastern and southern United States, from as far north as Cape Cod, Massachusetts and as far south as Corpus... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: U.S. Route 1 U.S. Route 1 (also called U.S. Highway 1, and abbreviated US 1) is a United States highway which parallels the east coast of the United States. ...


One famous incident in 1947 involved students from Johns Hopkins University who stole the bronze statue of the mascot and returned to their campus in Baltimore. Maryland students went up to Baltimore from College Park to retrieve the statue and ended up besieging the residence hall where the Johns Hopkins students had kept Testudo; over 200 riot police had to be called in. The Johns Hopkins University, founded in 1876, is a private institution of higher learning located in Baltimore, Maryland, United States. ...


In 1949, then-University President Byrd was awakened by a phone call from a University of Virginia fraternity requesting that Testudo be removed from their lawn. Testudo was later filled with 700 pounds of cement and fastened to his pedestal to ensure that the statue could not be stolen in the future. Students at rival schools continued to vandalize the statue, and in the 1960s Testudo was moved from its location on Baltimore Avenue to a spot in front of McKeldin Library in the center of campus. The statue is considered a good luck charm by students, many of whom rub his nose and leave him offerings during finals week.


In 1992 a twin statue of Testudo was placed at Byrd Stadium that the football team and marching band touches for good luck as they pass by on their way. There is now also a statue of Testudo outside the Gossett Team House on the outskirts of Byrd Stadium. In 2002, another statue was placed in front of Comcast Center, the school's new basketball arena; and in 2005, a fifth statue (this one hollow) was erected in front of the new Riggs Alumni Center Byrd Stadium is the home stadium of the University of Maryland Terrapins football team as well as the mens lacrosse team. ... This article is about the arena. ...


During the 1994 session of the Maryland General Assembly, legislation was approved that named the Diamondback Terrapin (malaclemys terrapin terrapin) as the official State reptile of Maryland, as well as the legally-codified mascot of the University of Maryland. At the time, the terrapin was only the second university mascot in the nation (after the University of Florida gator) to receive such a designation.


In 2006, fifty Testudo statues decorated by University students were placed throughout the region. Besides the campus and College Park, other areas where statues were placed included Silver Spring, Ocean City, Baltimore, Annapolis, Landover, Washington, D.C., and along the John F. Kennedy Memorial Highway at the Maryland House and Chesapeake House service areas of the Maryland Transportation Authority. [20] Not to be confused with Silver Springs. ... Nickname: Location in Maryland Coordinates: , County Founded 1875 Incorporated 1880 Government  - Mayor Rick Meehan Area  - City 94. ... Baltimore redirects here. ... “Annapolis” redirects here. ... Landover is an area of Prince Georges County in the State of Maryland in the United States of America. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... The John F. Kennedy Memorial Highway (also known as JFK Memorial Highway) is a 50-mile section of Interstate 95 traversing northeastern Maryland from the northern Baltimore City line to the Delaware State line where it meets the Delaware Turnpike. ... The Maryland Transportation Authority is the division of the Maryland Department of Transportation that operates the several toll roads, bridges, and tunnels in the State of Maryland. ...


The fifty Testudo statues were later auctioned off to independent buyers to raise money for the school. Most are no longer found on campus, but some buyers in turn donated their purchases back to the school.


The Diamondback

Main article: The Diamondback

The Diamondback is the independent student newspaper of the University of Maryland. It was founded in 1910 as The Triangle and renamed in 1921 in honor of a local reptile, the Diamondback terrapin, which became the official school mascot in 1933. The newspaper is published daily Monday through Friday during the Spring and Fall semesters, with a print circulation of 17,000 and annual advertising revenues of over $1 million. [21] // The Diamondback is the independent student newspaper of the University of Maryland, College Park. ... Front page view of student newspaper The Daily Toreador. ... Binomial name Schoepf, 1793 Synonyms Emys Concentrica Testudo concentrata Testudo ocellata Testudo terrapin The Diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin) is a species of turtle native to the brackish coastal swamps of the eastern and southern United States, from as far north as Cape Cod, Massachusetts and as far south as Corpus...


For the 2005-2006 school year, The Diamondback received a Mark of Excellence award from the Society of Professional Journalists, placing 3rd nationally for Best All-Around Daily Student Newspaper and placing first in its region in the same category.[22] SPJ logo, taken from a cropped photo of a sign at the Region 10 SPJ Conference, March 2006 The Society of Professional Journalists (SPJ, formerly known as Sigma Delta Chi) is one of the oldest organizations representing journalists in the United States, debuting in 1909. ...


Notable journalists who have been with The Diamondback include David Simon of HBO's The Wire and NBC's Homicide: Life on the Street, disgraced Jayson Blair, who was editor-in-chief in 1996 (Blair did not graduate, instead taking a job with The New York Times); Norman Chad, who was editor-in-chief in 1978; cartoonists Aaron McGruder, who first published the cartoon The Boondocks in The Diamondback; and Frank Cho, who began his career with the popular "University Squared" for The Diamondback. David Simon (born 1960) is an American author, journalist, and writer/producer of television shows based on his books. ... Jayson Blair (born March 23, 1976, Columbia, Maryland) is an African American and former New York Times reporter who was forced to resign from the newspaper in May 2003, after he was caught plagiarizing and fabricating elements of his stories. ... The Editor in chief is a publications primary editor. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... Norman Chad at the 2006 World Series of Poker Norman Chad is a Los Angeles-based sportswriter and syndicated columnist who is frequently seen on the sports channel ESPN. Alongside sportscaster Lon McEachern, Chad is perhaps the best-known commentator on the World Series of Poker for ESPN. He also... Aaron McGruder (born May 29, 1974 in Chicago, Illinois) is an American cartoonist best known for writing and drawing The Boondocks, a Universal Press Syndicate comic strip about two young African-American brothers from inner-city Chicago now living with their grandfather in a sedate suburb. ... Boondocks are rural areas. ... Self-portrait, by Frank Cho Frank Cho, born Duk Hyun Cho, is an American comic strip creator, writer and illustrator. ...


Many other "Diamondbackers" have gone onto successful careers as editors and reporters for dozens of major metropolitan newspapers in the U.S. and abroad.


Hoff Theater

The Hoff Theater is a student run movie theater in the Stamp Student Union where students can go and watch previously released movies at a discounted rate. There are also various live shows that appear in the theater including the University's sketch comedy groups. After opening in 1972, the theater was rededicated in 1975 and named after William L. Hoff, the first director of the Student Union from 1949-1974. In the late 1990s, it underwent an extensive renovation and reopened in 2002. The renovation added a concession stand, Dolby Digital Surround sound and a 550 person seating capacity. The theater has been host to countless movies as well as a number of speakers such as John Waters, Mo Rocca, Anthony Rapp, Spike Lee, Robert F. Kennedy Jr., Ray Bradbury and Laurie Anderson. Dolby Digital is the marketing name for a series of lossy audio compression technologies by Dolby Laboratories. ... John Waters (born April 22, 1946) is an American filmmaker, writer, personality, visual artist and art collector, who rose to fame in the early 1970s for his transgressive cult films. ... Mo Rocca (born Maurice Alberto Rocca on January 28, 1969 in Washington, DC) is an American writer, comedian, and political satirist. ... Anthony Dean Rapp (b. ... Shelton Jackson Lee (born March 20, 1957, in Atlanta, Georgia), better known as Spike Lee, is an Emmy Award - winning, and Academy Award - nominated American film director, producer, writer, and actor noted for his films dealing with controversial social and political issues. ... Robert Francis Kennedy Jr. ... Ray Douglas Bradbury (born August 22, 1920) is an American literary, fantasy, horror, science fiction, and mystery writer best known for The Martian Chronicles, a 1950 book which has been described both as a short story collection and a novel, and his 1953 dystopian novel Fahrenheit 451, is widely considered... Laurie Anderson (born Laura Phillips Anderson, on June 5, 1947, in Glen Ellyn, Illinois) is an American experimental performance artist and musician. ...


Notable people

University attendees have achieved fame or notability across a variety of disciplines. In business, alumni include Carly Fiorina, Sergey Brin, Kevin Plank(founder of Under Armour), and Jim Henson. Notable journalists that have attended include Connie Chung, Carl Bernstein,and Robert M. Parker, Jr. Other notable journalists include ESPN reporters Bonnie Bernstein, Tim Kurkjian, and Scott Van Pelt. Politicians include Steny Hoyer, Gordon R. England, and Harry R. Hughes. Within the field of science, notable University alumni include Raymond Davis Jr., winner of the 2002 Nobel Prize in Physics; Herbert Hauptman, winner of the 1985 Nobel Prize in Chemistry; and Michael D. Griffin, Administrator of NASA. In 2003, a statue commemorating University of Maryland alumnus Jim Henson was unveiled outside of the Adele H. Stamp Student Union. ... The President of the University of Maryland, College Park manages the day to day operations of the University of Maryland, College Park. ... Carly Fiorina (António Milena/ABr. ... Sergey Brin (Russian: ) (born August 21, 1973) is a Russian American entrepreneur. ... Kevin A. Plank (born August 13, 1972 in Kensington, Maryland) is an American entrepreneur and businessperson. ... Under Armour NYSE: UA is a brand of clothing headquartered in Baltimore, Maryland designed for use in sports. ... Jim Henson, born James Maury Henson (September 24, 1936 – May 16, 1990), was the most widely known American puppeteer in modern American television history. ... Constance Yu-Hwa Chung Povich (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; born August 20, 1946) is an American journalist who has appeared on many USA television news networks. ... Carl Bernstein (left) and Bob Woodward (right)This image is pending deletion. ... Robert M. Parker, Jr. ... Bonnie Bernstein (born August 16, 1970 in Brooklyn, New York) is an American television sports reporter and anchor. ... Tim Kurkjian, (born December 10, 1956) in Bethesda, Maryland. ... Scott Van Pelt is an anchor for the television show SportsCenter on the ESPN network. ... Steny Hamilton Hoyer (born June 14, 1939) is a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives, representing the Marylands 5th congressional district since 1981. ... Gordon England Gordon Richard England (born 1938) is an American businessman who serves as United States Deputy Secretary of Defense. ... Harry Roe Hughes (b. ... Raymond Davis Jr. ... The Nobel Prizes (Swedish: ), as designated in Alfred Nobels will in 1895, are awarded for physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature, and peace. ... Herbert A. Hauptman Dr. Hauptman is a world renowned mathematician who pioneered and developed a mathematical method that has changed the whole field of chemistry and opened a new era in research in determination of molecular structures of crystallized materials. ... Dr. Michael D. Griffin Dr. Michael Douglas Griffin (born November 1, 1949 in Aberdeen, Maryland) has been the Administrator of NASA since April 13, 2005. ... This article is about the American space agency. ...


In athletics, numerous professional athletes and coaches have either graduated or attended the University. The coaches of both the University's men's football and basketball teams, Ralph Friedgen and Gary Williams respectively, graduated from the University. Current University of Oklahoma Athletic Director Joe Castiglione is a graduate. Professional athletes include NFL players Gary Collins, Vernon Davis, Boomer Esiason, Domonique Foxworth, E.J. Henderson, Kris Jenkins, Stan Jones, Lamont Jordan, Shawne Merriman, Dick Modzelewski, Dick Nolan, Mike Tice, and Randy White; and NBA players Lonny Baxter, Len Bias, Steve Blake, Keith Booth (current Maryland assistant coach), Bison Dele, Juan Dixon, Len Elmore, Steve Francis, Sarunas Jasikevicius, John Lucas (#1 overall draft pick overall in 1976), Tony Massenburg, Tom McMillen, Joe Smith (#1 overall draft pick in 1995), Chris Wilcox, Buck Williams, MLS player Maurice Edu, and former Denver Bronco, turned WWF superstar Darren Drozdov. Ralph Harry Friedgen (b. ... Gary B. Williams (born March 4, 1945 in Collingswood, New Jersey, United States) is the current head coach of the University of Marylands Mens basketball team. ... University of Oklahoma, abbreviated OU, is a coeducational public research university located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma founded in 1890. ... Joe Castiglione is the Athletic Director at the University of Oklahoma. ... NFL logo For other uses of the abbreviation NFL, see NFL (disambiguation). ... Gary Collins (born August 20, 1940) is a retired American football wide receiver and punter who played for the Cleveland Browns from 1962 to 1971. ... Vernon Leonard Davis (born January 31, 1984 in Washington, D.C.) is an NFL tight end for the San Francisco 49ers. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Domonique Foxworth is a Cornerback for the Denver Broncos. ... E.J. Henderson is a football linebacker who currently plays for the Minnesota Vikings. ... Kris Jenkins is an American football player who currently plays defensive tackle for the Carolina Panthers of the NFL. Categories: National Football League players | Sports stubs ... Stanley Paul Jones (born November 24, 1931 in Altoona, Pennsylvania) was an American football guard/defensive tackle in the NFL. He played for the Chicago Bears from 1954-1965 and the Washington Redskins in 1966. ... LaMont Jordan is a National Football League running back, currently playing for the New York Jets. ... Shawne Merriman (born May 25, 1984 in Washington, D.C.) is an American football outside linebacker for the San Diego Chargers of the NFL. // He was selected with the 12th overall pick in the 2005 NFL Draft out of the University of Maryland, College Park. ... Dick Modzelewski (born February 16, 1931) is a former football player and coach who played professionally for four teams and later served as interim head coach of the Cleveland Browns in the final game of the 1977 NFL season. ... Dick Nolan (Richard Francis Nolan) (February 4, 1939 – living), singer, songwriter and guitarist was born in Corner Brook, Newfoundland, Canada. ... Michael Peter Tice (born February 2, 1959 in Bayshore, New York) is an American football NFL coach, best known as the former head coach of the Minnesota Vikings. ... Randy Lee White (born January 15, 1953 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) was an All-American football player with the University of Maryland in 1974, and was the Dallas Cowboys first-round draft pick in 1975. ... “NBA” redirects here. ... Lonny Leroy Baxter (born July 27, 1979 in Silver Spring, Maryland) is a professional basketball player currently with the NBAs Houston Rockets. ... Leonard Kevin Bias (November 18, 1963 – June 19, 1986) was an American college basketball player who suffered a fatal cardiac arrhythmia that resulted from a cocaine overdose less than 48 hours after being selected by the Boston Celtics in the 1986 NBA Draft. ... Steven Hanson Blake (born February 26, 1980 in Hollywood, Florida) is an American professional basketball player at the point guard position. ... Keith Booth (born October 9, 1974 in Baltimore, Maryland) is a former professional basketball player. ... Bison Dele (April 6, 1969 – disappeared July 7, 2002), formerly known as Brian Williams (full given name Brian Carson Williams), was an American professional basketball player who finished his career as a center for the NBAs Detroit Pistons. ... Juan Dixon (born October 9, 1978 in Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.) is an American professional basketball player currently with the NBAs Portland Trail Blazers. ... Len Elmore Leonard J. Elmore (born March 28, 1952 in New York City, New York) is an American sportscaster and former National Basketball Association player. ... Steve DShawn Francis (born February 21, 1977 in Takoma Park, Maryland, U.S.) is an American professional basketball player for the Houston Rockets of the NBA. Nicknamed The Franchise[1] and self-described as Steve-O, with his on-court and off-court antics generating considerable controversy throughout his... . Sarunas Jasikevicius (Lithuanian Šarūnas Jasikevičius; born March 5, 1976 in Kaunas, Lithuania) is a basketball player, the MVP of the 2003 European Basketball Championship. ... John Lucas (born John Harding Lucas II on October 31, 1953 in Durham, North Carolina) is an American former professional basketball player and coach. ... Tony Arnel Massenburg (born July 31, 1967 in Sussex County, Virginia) is an NBA basketball player for the San Antonio Spurs. ... Charles Thomas McMillen (b. ... Joseph Leynard Joe Smith (born July 26, 1975 in Norfolk, Virginia) is an American professional basketball player for the Philadelphia 76ers in the NBA. His height is listed as 610. Smith attended Maury High School and played at the University of Maryland. ... Chris Ray Wilcox (born September 3, 1982 in Raleigh, North Carolina) is an NBA player with the Seattle SuperSonics. ... Charles Linwood Williams (born March 8, 1960 in Rocky Mount, North Carolina), better known as Buck, is a former American professional basketball player. ... ... Maurice Edu, born April 18, 1986 in San Bernardino, California is an American soccer player who currently plays for Major League Soccer side Toronto FC. Edu was drafted by Toronto as the 1st overall pick of the 2007 MLS SuperDraft. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Over the years, the University's faculty has included four Nobel Prize laureates.[23] The earliest recipient, Juan Ramón Jiménez, was a professor of Spanish language and literature and won the prize for literature in 1957. Four decades later, physics professor William Phillips won the prize in physics in 1997. In 2005, emeritus professor of economics and public policy Thomas Schelling was awarded the prize in economics for his contributions to game theory. Schelling joined the University in 1990 after teaching at Harvard University for several years. He is widely recognized in the field of conflict resolution with one of his most prominent works, The Strategy of Conflict. In 2006, adjunct professor of physics and senior astrophysicist at NASA John Mather was awarded (alongside George Smoot) the prize in physics for "their discovery of the blackbody form and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation". The University also has two Fields medal winners associated with it, Sergei Petrovich Novikov, professor of mathematics, won the prestigious medal in 1970 and an alumnus, Charles Fefferman who received his degree in physics and mathematics, won the medal in 1978. The Nobel Prizes (Swedish: ), as designated in Alfred Nobels will in 1895, are awarded for physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature, and peace. ... Juan Ramón Jiménez (24 December 1881 – 29 May 1958) was a Spanish poet. ... There have been a number of people named William Phillips: William Phillips (pirate) (16??-1724) was an English pirate. ... Thomas Crombie Schelling (born 14 April 1921) is an American economist and professor of foreign affairs, national security, nuclear strategy, and arms control at the School of Public Policy at University of Maryland College Park. ... Game theory is a branch of applied mathematics that is often used in the context of economics. ... This article is about the American space agency. ... John Mather is a mathematician at Princeton University known for his work on Hamiltonian dynamics, descended from Atherton Mather, a cousin of Cotton Mather. ... George Fitzgerald Smoot III (born February 20, 1945) is an American astrophysicist and cosmologist awarded the 2006 Nobel Prize in Physics with John C. Mather for their discovery of the black body form and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation. This work helped cement the big-bang theory of... The Fields Medal is a prize awarded to two, three, or four mathematicians not over 40 years of age at each International Congress of the International Mathematical Union, a meeting that takes place every four years. ...



Since the 1990s, several donors have distinguished themselves for their sizable gifts to the university. Businessman Robert H. Smith, who graduated from the university in 1950 with a degree in accounting, has given over $45 million to the business school that now bears his name, and to the Clarice Smith Performing Arts Center, which bears his wife's name.[24] Construction entrepreneur A. James Clark, who graduated with an engineering degree in 1950, has also donated over $45 million to the college of engineering, which also bears his name.[25] Another engineering donor, Jeong H. Kim, earned his Ph.D. from the university in 1991 and gave $5 million for the construction of a state-of-the-art engineering building.[26] Philip Merrill, a media figure, donated $10 million to the College of Journalism.[27] Robert H. Smith (19?? - ) is a successful builder-developer. ... It has been suggested that Accounting scholarship be merged into this article or section. ... A. James Clark, an engineer and business executive, is chairman and chief executive officer of Clark Enterprises, Inc. ... Dr. Jeong H. Kim is a Korean-American electrical engineer and administrator who since 2005 has served as President of Bell Labs. ... Philip Merrill is involved in media, the Export-Import Bank of the United States, and various other professional and academic happenings in the US. In 2001 Merrill donated US $10 million to the College of Journalism at the University of Maryland, College Park which now bears his name. ...


Fraternity and sorority life

Currently, about 10% of Maryland's student body are involved in Greek Life. Many of the fraternities and sororities at the school are located on Fraternity Row and the Graham Cracker, which are partially controlled by the University.


Greek recruitment rates fell sharply after the death of a pledge in 2002, but have picked back up to earlier levels in 2006. [28] Also see: 2002 (number). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Sororities Fraternities

Alpha Chi Omega (ΑΧΩ, also known as A-Chi-O) is a womens fraternity founded on October 15, 1885. ... Alpha Delta Pi (ΑΔΠ) was founded May 15, 1851 at Wesleyan College in Macon, Georgia making it the first female fraternal organization. ... Alpha Epsilon Phi (ΑΕΦ) is a sorority and a member of the National Panhellenic Conference. ... Alpha Gamma Delta (ΑΓΔ) Founded in 1904, Alpha Gamma Delta is an international fraternity for women dedicated to academic excellence, leadership development, high ideals and sisterhood. ... Alpha Kappa Alpha (ΑΚΑ) Sorority, Incorporated, is the first Greek-letter organization established and incorporated by African-American college women. ... alpha Kappa Delta Phi (αΚΔΦ) (also known as aKDPhi) is the largest, nationwide Asian-American interest sorority. ... Alpha Nu Omega Fraternity and Sorority Crest Alpha Nu Omega is a national Greek letter organization founded in 1988 that is comprised of both a fraternity and sorority under one Constitution. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Alpha Phi (ΑΦ) is a fraternity for women founded at Syracuse University on October 10, 1872. ... Alpha Xi Delta (ΑΞΔ) was founded in 1893 by ten women at Lombard College, Galesburg, Illinois, who shared a vision of an organization dedicated to the personal growth of women. ... Delta Delta Delta (ΔΔΔ), also known as Tri Delta, is a national collegiate sorority founded on November 27, 1888. ... Delta Gamma (ΔΓ) is one of the oldest and largest womens fraternities[1] in the United States and Canada, with its Executive Offices based in Columbus, Ohio. ... Delta Phi Epsilon (ΔΦΕ) is the name given to several college fraternities and sororities. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Kappa Alpha Theta (ΚΑΘ) is an international womens fraternity founded on January 27, 1870 at DePauw University. ... Kappa Delta (ΚΔ) is a sorority founded at the State Female Normal School, now Longwood University in Farmville, Virginia. ... Kappa Kappa Gamma (ΚΚΓ) is a college womens fraternity, founded on October 13, 1870 at Monmouth College, Illinois. ... // Lambda Theta Alpha Latin Sorority, Inc. ... Phi Sigma Sigma (ΦΣΣ) was the first collegiate nonsectarian sorority, meaning that there was to be no judgment regarding religion or background. ... Pi Beta Phi (ΠΒΦ) is an international fraternity for women founded as I.C. Sorosis on April 28, 1867, at Monmouth College in Monmouth, Illinois. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Sigma Delta Tau (ΣΔΤ), a national sorority and member of the National Panhellenic Conference, was founded March 25, 1917 at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Sigma Psi Zeta Sorority, Inc. ... Tau Beta Sigma is a co-educational national honorary band sorority dedicated to serving college and university bands. ... Zeta Phi Beta (ΖΦΒ) Sorority Inc. ... Zeta Tau Alpha (ΖΤΑ) is a womens fraternity, founded October 15, 1898 at what used to be State Female Normal School but is now known as Longwood University in Farmville, Virginia. ... Alpha Chi Sigma (ΑΧΣ) is a professional fraternity specializing in the field of chemistry. ... Alpha Epsilon Pi (ΑΕΠ or AEPi) is currently the only international Jewish college fraternity in North America, with chapters in the United States and Canada. ... Alpha Gamma Rho (ΑΓΡ) is a social-professional fraternity in the United States, with over 65 university chapters. ... ΑΚΨ (Alpha Kappa Psi) is a co-ed professional business fraternity. ... Alpha Nu Omega Fraternity and Sorority Crest Alpha Nu Omega is a national Greek letter organization founded in 1988 that is comprised of both a fraternity and sorority under one Constitution. ... Alpha Phi Omega (commonly known as APO, but also ΑΦΩ, A-Phi-O, and A-Phi-Q) is a co-ed service fraternity organized to provide community service, leadership development, [1] and social opportunities to college students. ... Alpha Sigma Phi (ΑΣΦ, commonly abbreviated to Alpha Sig) is a social fraternity with 68 active chapters, colonies, and interest groups. ... ATΩ (Alpha Tau Omega) is an American fraternity. ... Beta Theta Pi (ΒΘΠ) is a social collegiate fraternity that was founded at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio, USA, where it is part of the Miami Triad which includes Phi Delta Theta and Sigma Chi. ... The Chi Phi (ΧΦ) fraternity is an American college social fraternity founded in 1824 at Princeton University, in 1858 at the University of North Carolina, and in 1860 at Hobart College, making it the oldest social collegiate fraternity in history. ... Delta Chi (ΔΧ) (del-ta kai) or D-Chi is an international college social fraternity formed on October 13, 1890 at Cornell University initially as a professional fraternity for law students. ... Delta Sigma Phi (ΔΣΦ, also known as DSPor Delta Sigsor Delt Sigs at Michigan State University) is a fraternity established at the City College of New York in 1899 and is a charter member of the North-American Interfraternity Conference. ... Delta Tau Delta (ΔΤΔ, DTD, or Delts) is a U.S.-based international college fraternity. ... Iota Nu Delta (ΙΝΔ) Fraternity Inc. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Kappa Alpha Order (KA) is a secret collegiate Order of Knights. ... Kappa Alpha Psi (KAΨ) is the second-oldest collegiate Greek-letter fraternity with a predominantly African American membership and the first black intercollegiate fraternity incorporated as a national body. ... Kappa Kappa Psi is a national honorary band fraternity dedicated to serving college and university bands. ... Lambda Chi Alpha (ΛΧΑ), headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana, is one of the largest mens general fraternities in North America with more than 250,000 initiated members and chapters at more than 300 universities. ... The Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, Incorporated (ΩΨΦ) was founded on a cool Friday evening, November 17, 1911, at Howard University in Washington, D.C. by three undergraduate students and one faculty advisor. ... Phi Gamma Delta (also known as FIJI) is a collegiate social fraternity with 116 chapters and 5 colonies across the United States and Canada. ... Phi Delta Theta (ΦΔΘ) is an international fraternity founded in 1848 at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio. ... Phi Iota Alpha (ΦΙΑ), established December 26, 1931 is the oldest Latino fraternity in existence. ... Phi Kappa Tau (ΦΚΤ) is a U.S. national college fraternity // Phi Kappa Tau Fraternity (commonly called Phi Tau) was founded in the Union Literary Society Hall of Miami Universitys Old Main Building in Oxford, Ohio on March 17, 1906. ... Phi Kappa Psi (ΦΚΨ, Phi Psi) is a U.S. national college fraternity. ... Phi Sigma Kappa (ΦΣK) is a fraternity devoted to three cardinal principles: the promotion of Brotherhood, the stimulation of Scholarship, and the development of Character. ... Pi Delta Psi Fraternity, Inc. ... Pi Kappa Alpha International Fraternity (ΠΚΑ) is an international, secret, social, Greek-letter, college fraternity. ... Pi Kappa Phi is a national social fraternity that was founded in the spirit of nu phi, meaning non-fraternity. ... Sigma Alpha Epsilon (ΣΑΕ) is a secret letter, social college fraternity. ... Sigma Alpha Mu (ΣΑΜ) also known as Sammy is a college fraternity founded at the City College of New York in 1909. ... Sigma Beta Rho, or Sig Rho, is a national multicultural Fraternity based upon the principles of Society, Brotherhood, and Remembrance. ... Sigma Chi (ΣΧ) is one of the largest and oldest all-male, college, Greek-letter social fraternities. ... ΣΝ (Sigma Nu) is an undergraduate college fraternity with chapters in the United States and Canada. ... Sigma Pi (ΣΠ) is an international college social fraternity with chapters in the United States and Canada. ... ΣΦΕ (Sigma Phi Epsilon), commonly nicknamed SigEp or S-P-E, is a social fraternity for male college students in the United States. ... Tau Epsilon Phi (TEΦ, commonly pronounced TEP) is a predominantly American fraternity with approximately 40 active chapters, chiefly located at universities and colleges in the Northeastern United States. ... Tau Kappa Epsilon (TKE or Teke, pronounced T-K-E or IPA , as in teak wood) is a college fraternity with chapters in the USA, and Canada, and affiliation with a German fraternity system known as the Corps of the Weinheimer Senioren Convent (WSC). ... Theta Chi (ΘΧ) is an international college fraternity for men. ... Zeta Beta Tau (ZBT, brothers of which are nicknamed Zebes) is a historically Jewish, presently nonsectarian international fraternity. ... The Zeta Psi Fraternity of North America Inc. ...

References

  1. ^ a b c d http://www.newsdesk.umd.edu/facts/quickfacts.cfm
  2. ^ http://www.mdarchives.state.md.us/msa/mdmanual/25univ/umcp/html/umcpb.html
  3. ^ http://www.umd.edu/umnews/ge_400m.html
  4. ^ http://www.urhome.umd.edu/timeline/
  5. ^ http://www.urhome.umd.edu/timeline/
  6. ^ http://www.urhome.umd.edu/timeline/
  7. ^ http://www.urhome.umd.edu/timeline/
  8. ^ http://www.usatoday.com/weather/news/2001/2001-09-24-dc-twister.htm
  9. ^ http://www.heroism.org/class/1970/wood.html
  10. ^ http://www.usnews.com/usnews/edu/college/rankings/brief/t1natudoc_brief.php
  11. ^ http://www.newsdesk.umd.edu/facts/2006rank.cfm
  12. ^ http://www.usnews.com/usnews/edu/college/rankings/brief/acadprogs01_brief.php
  13. ^ http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/14321230/site/newsweek
  14. ^ http://www.webometrics.info/top3000.asp
  15. ^ http://www.msquare.umd.edu/
  16. ^ http://www.feartheturtle.umd.edu/
  17. ^ http://www.music.umd.edu/ensembles/bands/marching_band
  18. ^ http://www.music.umd.edu/ensembles/bands/marching_band/pregame_show
  19. ^ http://www.music.umd.edu/ensembles/bands/basketball_pep_band
  20. ^ http://www.feartheturtle.umd.edu/fttsculptures/
  21. ^ http://www.rcfp.org/news/documents/20020530rossignolv.html
  22. ^ http://www.spj.org/moe05.asp?
  23. ^ http://www.umd.edu/university/nobelum.html
  24. ^ http://www.rhsmith.umd.edu/news/stories/2005/smithgift.html
  25. ^ http://www.rhsmith.umd.edu/news/stories/2005/smithgift.html
  26. ^ http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/09/20/AR2005092001828.html
  27. ^ http://blog.washingtonpost.com/rawfisher/2006/06/phil_merrill_and_the_vanishing.html
  28. ^ Block, Ben. 2006 best year for Greek recruitment in at least a decade. The Diamondback. September 15, 2006.

// The Diamondback is the independent student newspaper of the University of Maryland, College Park. ...

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