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Encyclopedia > University of Helsinki
University of Helsinki
Helsingin yliopisto
Image:HY logoEN.gif
Latin: Universitas Helsingiensis

Established 1640
Type Public
Rector Ilkka Niiniluoto
Chancellor Kari Raivio
Staff 7,600
Students 38,200
Undergraduates 31,900
Postgraduates 5,500
Location Helsinki, Finland
Campus Urban
Affiliations Europaeum, LERU
Website http://www.helsinki.fi/university/

The University of Helsinki (Helsingin yliopisto in Finnish, Helsingfors universitet in Swedish) is a university located in Helsinki, Finland. It is the oldest and largest university in Finland with the widest range of disciplines available. Around 38,000 students (including 5,500 post-graduate students) are currently enrolled in the degree programs of the university. Image File history File links HY_logoEN.gif‎ University of Helsinki logo. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... The date of establishment or date of founding of an institution is the date on which that institution chooses to claim as its starting point. ... Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ... The word rector (ruler, from the Latin regere) has a number of different meanings. ... Ilkka Niiniluoto (born March 12, 1946 in Helsinki, Finland) is a Finnish philosopher and mathematician, serving as professor of philosophy at the University of Helsinki since 1981. ... A Chancellor is the head of a university. ... Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. ... In some educational systems, undergraduate education is post-secondary education up to the level of a Bachelors degree. ... Degree ceremony at Cambridge. ... Founded 1550 Country Finland Province Southern Finland Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Area[1] - Of which land - Rank 185. ... The Europaeum is a loose organisation of ten leading European universities. ... According to its mission statement, the League of European Research Universities (LERU) is a group of European research-intensive universities committed to the values of high quality teaching within an environment of internationally competitive research. ... A website (or Web site) is a collection of web pages, typically common to a particular domain name or subdomain on the World Wide Web on the Internet. ... Auditorium of the main building. ... For a list of universities around the world, see Lists of colleges and universities Representation of a university class, 1350s. ... Founded 1550 Country Finland Province Southern Finland Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Area[1] - Of which land - Rank 185. ...


The university is a member of the League of European Research Universities and the Europaeum and places heavy emphasis on high-quality research. According to its mission statement, the League of European Research Universities (LERU) is a group of European research-intensive universities committed to the values of high quality teaching within an environment of internationally competitive research. ... The Europaeum is a loose organisation of ten leading European universities. ...

Contents

History

For the early history (1640-1809), see the main article Royal Academy of Turku

The university was founded in 1640 by Count Per Brahe in Turku (Åbo), as the Royal Academy of Turku (Åbo Kungliga Akademi). It was the third university founded in the Swedish Empire, following Uppsala University and the Academia Gustaviana in Dorpat, the predecessor of the University of Tartu in Estonia. ... Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ... Count Per Brahe (February 18, 1602 - September 2, 1680) was a Swedish soldier and statesman. ... Turku (IPA: , Swedish:  ), founded in the 13th century, is the oldest and fifth largest city in Finland, with a population of 174,868 (as of 2005). ... ... For a list of universities around the world, see Lists of colleges and universities Representation of a university class, 1350s. ... Sweden between the years 1611 and 1718 is known as the Swedish Empire. ... Uppsala University (Swedish Uppsala universitet) is a public university in Uppsala, Sweden. ... The University of Tartu (Estonian: Tartu Ülikool, German: Universität Dorpat) is the national university of Estonia, and the one classical university in Estonia, located in the city of Tartu. ... County Tartu County Mayor Laine Jänes Area 38. ... The University of Tartu (Estonian: ; German: ) is a classical university in the city of Tartu Estonia. ...


In 1809, Finland became an autonomous grand duchy in subjugation to imperial Russia, wherefore the name of the academy in Turku was modified to be Imperial Academy of Turku. Following the great city fire of Turku in 1827 and the move of the capital of the Grand Duchy of Finland, under Russian rule since 1809, to Helsinki, the university was relocated there starting from 1829 and Nicholas I re-named it Imperial Alexander University of Finland in honor of his late brother and predecessor Czar Alexander I of Russia, who had given new resources to the academy. This university was the practical center of Finnish culture in 19th century, and a remarkable cradle of nationalist movements, liberalization demands, political parties, collections of cultural materials, and student activities. It was named the University of Helsinki after Finland became independent in 1917. The Grand Duchy of Finland was a state that existed 1809–1917 as part of the Russian Empire. ... Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic Sea to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start... The Cathedral and the Academy building after the fire The Great Fire of Turku almost completely destroyed the city of Turku in 1827. ... Naval Battle of Navarino by Carneray 1827 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Grand Duchy of Finland was a state that existed 1809–1917 as part of the Russian Empire. ... 1809 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Aleksandr I Pavlovich (Russian: Александр I Павлович) (December 23, 1777–December 1, 1825), was Emperor of Russia from March 23, 1801–December 1, 1825 and King of Poland from 1815–1825, as well as the first Grand Duke of Finland. ... Year 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ...


The main building of the university, which was designed by Carl Ludvig Engel, was completed in 1832. It is located next to the Senate Square in the heart of Helsinki's neoclassical centre, facing the Cathedral and the Government's Palace. Most of the important buildings in the City Centre Campus, such as the University Library, the Observatory and several faculty builings, are also designed by Engel. The main building of the University of Helsinki. ... Helsinki Senate Square The Senate Square (in Finnish Senaatintori) is a square in the center of Helsinki, presenting unique architecture allegory of political, religious, scientific and commercial powers. ... Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the decorative and visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture. ...


Campuses

University of Helsinki

The university is located on four main campuses. Originally, the entire university was located in the very centre of Helsinki, but due to the rapid growth of university since the 1930s, premises have been built and acquired in other areas. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 1091 KB) Main building of the University of Helsinki. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 1091 KB) Main building of the University of Helsinki. ... The Universitätscampus Wien, Austria ( details) Campus (plural: campuses) is derived from the (identical) Latin word for field or open space. English gets the words camp and campus from this origin. ...


The historical City Centre Campus has been the hub of activity ever since the university moved from Turku to Helsinki in the early 19th Century. The campus has a central location and reflects the architectural style of this part of the city. The university buildings in the city center house the Faculties of Theology, Law, Arts, Behavioural Sciences and Social Sciences plus administrative functions. Most of the buildings on the campus have a major architectural significance.


The Kumpula Campus, housing the Faculty of Science, is located four kilometers from the centre of Helsinki. Kumpula Campus is a science campus of University of Helsinki. ...


The Meilahti Campus, with the Faculty of Medicine, is a part of the Meilahti Hospital District on the outskirts of the city centre. Meilahti Meilahti (in Swedish Mejlans), an area of Helsinki between Mannerheimintie (the main entrance road to Helsinki) and a bay named Seurasaarenselkä. Many hospitals are located in this district, e. ...


The Viikki Campus is located in a semi-rural area of Viikki, some 8 kilometres north-east of the city centre. It houses the Faculties of Agriculture and Forestry, Biosciences, Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy. View on Latokartano residential area and surrounding fields Cows in the pasture in Viikki, with buildings of the university teaching farm in the background Viikki (Swedish name: Vik) is a district of about 5,500 inhabitants in Helsinki, Finland. ...


Organisation

The university main building
The university main building

The university is divided into eleven faculties. They are listed below in the official order used by the university, reflecting both the history of the university and the hierarchy of disciplines at the time when the university was established: Main building of the University of Helsinki, photographed by Ida Pimenoff. ... Main building of the University of Helsinki, photographed by Ida Pimenoff. ...

It also comprises several independent institutes, such as research centres and libraries. Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ... Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ... Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ... Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1863 (MDCCCLXIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar). ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1863 (MDCCCLXIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar). ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Research institutes within the university include the following:

Eastern Europe is, by convention, that part of Europe from the Ural and Caucasus mountains in the East to an arbitrarily chosen boundary in the West. ... Helsinki School of Economics (HSE) is the premier business university in Finland. ... The Swedish School of Economics and Business Administration, also known as Hanken, is a Swedish language business university located in Helsinki, Finland. ... Helsinki Institute for Information Technology (HIIT) is a joint research unit of two leading research universities in Helsinki, Finland, the University of Helsinki (UH) and the Helsinki University of Technology (TKK). ... Auditorium of the main building. ... Euclid, Greek mathematician, 3rd century BC, known today as the father of geometry; shown here in a detail of The School of Athens by Raphael. ... Computer science, or computing science, is the study of the theoretical foundations of information and computation and their implementation and application in computer systems. ... Template:Otherusescccc A graph of a bell curve in a normal distribution showing statistics used in educational assessment, comparing various grading methods. ...

Notable people

Lars Valerian Ahlfors (April 18, 1907 - October 11, 1996) was a Finnish mathematician, remembered for his work in the field of Riemann surfaces and his text on complex analysis. ... The Fields Medal is a prize awarded to two, three, or four mathematicians not over 40 years of age at each International Congress of the International Mathematical Union, a meeting that takes place every four years. ... Anders Chydenius Anders Chydenius (26 February 1729 – 1 February 1803) was the leading classical liberal of Nordic history. ... Ragnar Arthur Granit (October 30, 1900, Helsinki, Finland - March 12, 1991, Stockholm, Sweden) was a Finnish scientist who won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1967, along with Haldan Keffer Hartline and George Wald. ... List of Nobel Prize laureates in Physiology or Medicine from 1901 to the present day. ... Johan August Hugo Gyldén (Helsinki May 29, 1841 – Stockholm November 9, 1896), Finland-Swedish astronomer. ... Tarja Kaarina Halonen ( ) (born December 24, 1943, in Helsinki, Finland) is the President of Finland. ... The Master of Laws is an advanced law degree that allows someone to specialize in a particular area of law. ... The President of Finland (Suomen Tasavallan Presidentti; Republiken Finlands President) is the Head of State of Finland. ... Olli-Pekka Kallasvuo (born 1953) is a Nokia executive who is appointed President and Chief executive officer of Nokia Corporation, starting from June 1, 2006. ... Urho Kekkonen Urho Kaleva Kekkonen (September 3, 1900 - August 31, 1986) was a Finnish politician who served as Prime Minister of Finland from 1950 to 1956, and as the most long-standing president of Finland from 1956 to 1981. ... The President of Finland (Suomen Tasavallan Presidentti; Republiken Finlands President) is the Head of State of Finland. ... Björn Olof Lennartson Kurtén (1924 – 1988) was a distinguished vertebrate paleontologist. ... Ernst Leonard Lindelöf, (7 March 1870–4 June 1946), Finnish topologist for whom Lindelöf space is named; son of Leonard Lorenz Lindelöf and brother of the philologist Uno Lorens Lindelöf. ... Elias Lönnrot Elias Lönnrot (April 9, 1802 - March 19, 1884) was a Finnish philologist and collector of traditional Finnish oral poetry. ... The Kalevala is an epic poem which Elias Lönnrot compiled from Finnish folk lore in the 19th century. ... Rolf Herman Nevanlinna (October 22, 1895, Joensuu - May 28, 1980, Helsinki) is perhaps the most famous Finnish mathematician. ... Nils Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld by Georg von Rosen Baron (Nils) Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld, also known as A. E. Nordenskioeld (November 18, 1832, Helsinki, Finland (then the Grand Duchy of Finland) — August 12, 1901, Dalby, SkÃ¥ne, Sweden) was a geologist, mineralogist and arctic explorer of Finland-Swedish extraction. ... Jorma Ollila Jorma Jaakko Ollila (born in Seinäjoki, Finland, on August 15, 1950) is the chairman and CEO of Nokia Corporation (1992–June 1, 2006) and Member of the Board of Directors of Ford Motor Company (2000– ), UPM-Kymmene (1997– ), and Otava Books and Magazines Group Ltd. ... Nokia Corporation (NYSE: NOK) is currently the worlds largest manufacturer of mobile telephones, with a global market share of approximately 36% in Q3 of 2006. ... Royal Dutch Shell PLC is a multinational oil company of Anglo Dutch origins, which is amongst the largest energy corporations in the world, and one of the six supermajors (vertically integrated private-sector oil exploration, natural gas, and petroleum product marketing companies). ... Juho Kusti Paasikivi (November 27, 1870 – December 14, 1956) was President of Finland from 1946 to 1956. ... The President of Finland (Suomen Tasavallan Presidentti; Republiken Finlands President) is the Head of State of Finland. ... Lauri Kristian Relander (May 31, 1883 – February 9, 1942) was the President of Finland from 1925 to 1931. ... The President of Finland (Suomen Tasavallan Presidentti; Republiken Finlands President) is the Head of State of Finland. ... Risto Heikki Ryti (February 3, 1889 - October 25, 1956) was the president of Finland from 1940 to 1944. ... The President of Finland (Suomen Tasavallan Presidentti; Republiken Finlands President) is the Head of State of Finland. ... Esa Saarinen (born July 27, 1953 in Hyvinkää, Finland) is a Finnish philosopher who is currently on a five-year appointment as professor of systems sciences at the Systems Analysis Laboratory of the Helsinki University of Technology, teaching applied philosophy, systems intelligence and creative problem solving. ... Sibelius redirects to this article. ... Frans Eemil Sillanpää (September 16, 1888 – June 3, 1964) was one of the most famous Finnish writers. ... Nobel Prize in Literature medal. ... Kaarlo Juho StÃ¥hlberg (January 28, 1865 - September 22, 1952) was the first President of Finland (1919-1925) and a Nationalist Liberal. ... The President of Finland (Suomen Tasavallan Presidentti; Republiken Finlands President) is the Head of State of Finland. ... Karl Fritiof Sundman (1873 – 1949), Finnish mathematician who used analytic methods to prove the existence of an infinite series solution to the three-body problem in 1906 and 1909. ... Pehr Evind Svinhufvud af Qvalstad (December 15, 1861 – February 29, 1944) was the President of Finland from 1931 to 1937. ... The President of Finland (Suomen Tasavallan Presidentti; Republiken Finlands President) is the Head of State of Finland. ... Topelius in a picture published in the Swedish periodical Svenska Familj-Journalen 1866. ... Linus Benedict Torvalds (born December 28, 1969 in Helsinki, Finland) is a Finnish software engineer best known for initiating the development of the Linux kernel. ... Linux refers to any Unix-like computer operating system which uses the Linux kernel. ... Artturi Ilmari Virtanen (IPA: ) (January 15, 1895 – November 11, 1973) was a Finnish chemist and recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. ... This is a list of Nobel Prize laureates in Chemistry from 1901 to 2006. ... Mika Toimi Waltari (September 19, 1908 - August 26, 1979) was a Finnish author, best known for the historical novel The Egyptian. ...

See also

The land area that now makes up Finland was settled immediately after the Ice Age, beginning from around 8500 BC. Finland was part of Kingdom of Sweden from the 13th century to 1809 when it was ceded to Russia and became the autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland. ... // Main article: Prehistoric Sweden Sweden, as well as the adjacent country Norway, has a high concentration of petroglyphs (ristningar[1] or hällristningar[2] in Swedish) throughout the country, with the highest concentration in the province of Bohuslän. ... This article shows the number of alumni of the respective colleges or universities who have received a Nobel Prize. ...

External links

Coordinates: 60°10′10″N, 24°57′00″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


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