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Encyclopedia > University of Fribourg

University of Fribourg
Université de Fribourg
Universität Freiburg
Università de Friburgo
Location of Freiburg in Germany. ...

Latin: Universitas Friburgensis

Motto Science et Sagesse ("Knowledge and Wisdom")
Established 1763, 1889
Type Public (Catholic)
Rector Prof. Guido Vergauen
Students 10,000
Location Fribourg, Switzerland
Affiliations BeNeFri
Website http://www.unifr.ch

The University of Fribourg (French: Université de Fribourg; German: Universität Freiburg) is a university in the city of Fribourg, Switzerland. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 96 pixelsFull resolution (1371 × 165 pixels, file size: 74 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Author : Unniversity of Fribourg Source : http://www. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... The date of establishment or date of founding of an institution is the date on which that institution chooses to claim as its starting point. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... The word rector (ruler, from the Latin regere) has a number of different meanings, but all of them indicate someone who is in charge of something. ... Alternate uses: Student (disambiguation) Etymologically derived through Middle English from the Latin second-type conjugation verb stŭdērĕ, which means to study, a student is one who studies. ... Fribourg (French), (German: or , often Fribourg) is the capital of the Swiss canton of Fribourg and the district of Sarine. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... For the community in Florida, see University, Florida. ... Fribourg (French), (German: or , often Fribourg) is the capital of the Swiss canton of Fribourg and the district of Sarine. ...


It was founded in 1889 by local businessman Georges Python, although the origins of the university can be traced to 1580 with the foundation of the Jesuit Seminary of St. Michel. Courses in this University are given in the French language and German language. Except for certain departments (such as history and law) where curricula are available in both languages, students are normally expected to understand both languages. Students number about 10,000. Traditionally, the university also attracts a strong contingent of students from Italian-speaking Ticino. The Misericorde Campus, constructed between 1939–42 was designed by the architects Honegger and Dumas, students of the famous Swiss architect Le Corbusier and as such is deemed to be of major architectural importance. Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... French (français, langue française) is one of the most important Romance languages, outnumbered in speakers only by Spanish and Portuguese. ... German (called Deutsch in German; in German the term germanisch is equivalent to English Germanic), is a member of the western group of Germanic languages and is one of the worlds major languages. ... This article is about the study of time in human terms. ... For other uses, see Law (disambiguation). ...


There are five faculties: Catholic theology, law, natural sciences, arts, and economics & social sciences. A faculty is a division within a university. ... For other uses, see Law (disambiguation). ... The term natural science as the way in which different fields of study are defined is determined as much by historical convention as by the present day meaning of the words. ... The Arts is a broad subdivision of culture, comprised of many expressive disciplines. ... Face-to-face trading interactions on the New York Stock Exchange trading floor. ... The social sciences are a group of academic disciplines that study human aspects of the world. ...

Contents

History

University of Fribourg, main building.
University of Fribourg, main building.

The University owes its origin to the foundation of the Jesuit College St. Michel on Belze Hill by St. Pierre Canisius in 1580 at the invitation of the government of Fribourg. The question of Catholic higher education came to the fore with the development of the Protestant academies at Geneva, Lausanne and Basle. In 1763, an Academy of Law was founded, housed in the Albertinium(now a Dominican residence). In 1834, the cantonal library was formed from works brought to Fribourg (from Catholic monastries) for safekeeping. The College St. Michel was closed following the expulsion of the Jesuits by the Bernese from Fribourg after the canton's defeat in the Sonderbund war. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (3008 × 2000 pixels, file size: 808 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (3008 × 2000 pixels, file size: 808 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ...

Plaque commemorating Georges Python.
Plaque commemorating Georges Python.

In 1886, Georges Python, founder of the cantonal bank and State Counsellor for Fribourg (M.P. in the upper house of the Swiss parliament) became Director of Public Education. He raised funds through a lottery and was granted some 2,500,000 CHF by the canton.[1] One of the conditions was that he should delay the construction of the university buildings and lectures took place in the buildings of St. Michel. The cantonal library became integrated with that of the university and the Academy became the Faculty of Law. The Dominicans managed the theological faculty, due to an agreement with the canton of Fribourg. The buildings of St. Michel eventually became too crowded and in 1939 the university moved to a new campus constructed on the former cemetery of Misericorde, ceding St. Michel to one of Fribourg's gymnasia, which took the name College St. Michel. The Perolles campus was constructed on the site of a former wagon factory. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x2112, 828 KB) Carl OBrien File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x2112, 828 KB) Carl OBrien File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...


Although lectures were originally in Latin, Fribourg is now the only French/German bilingual university in the world (40% French and 60% German).The town itself is 70% French and 30% German. This fact, coupled with the traditional dominance of French as the language of the city aristocracy explains why French has remained so dominant in university administration and in the AGEF (Association Generale des Etudiants Fribourgois), the Student's Union.


Recent developments

The university just completed construction of its Perolles 2 campus, to where the renowned Faculty of Economics and Social Science relocated. Plans are underway to commence construction of a Museum for Biblical Antiquities which will be housed in the Tower of Henry IV once it is renovated. Fribourg has also developed FriMat, a centre of excellence in nanotechnology. As part of the BeNeFri association comprising the Universities of Berne, Neuchatel and Fribourg, students at any one of these universities may take courses at another in the association and still receive credit at their home institution.


Campuses

Entrance, Avenue de l'Europe.
Entrance, Avenue de l'Europe.

Fribourg has no central campus and its buildings are located throughout the city. The main sites are: Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x2112, 1005 KB) Carl OBrien File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x2112, 1005 KB) Carl OBrien File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

  • Misericorde - Humanities and central administration (including the famous Senate room)
  • Perolles- Science
  • Perolles 2 - Economics
  • Regina Mundi- Psychology
  • BCU centrale - main library
  • Pierre Aeby- Department of Classical Philology
  • Bonnesfontaines- Pedagogy
  • Stade St. Leonard - university stadium

Traditions

  • Dies Academicus- On this day in November every year, no lectures are held. Festivities begin with Mass in the Chapel of the Collège St. Michel. The members of the University then proceed to the Aula Magna (Great Hall) in solemn procession. After an address by the rector and a prominent guest speaker, honorary degrees are awarded. The student guilds attend in ceremonial dress including swords.
  • Student Guilds- These are similar to the student nations at the universities of Uppsala, Lund and Helsinki. They dine together in uniform once a week and tend to be organised on geographic/linguistic lines. They also engaged in dueling until quite recently. Membership has often been considered advantageous for those wishing to pursue a career in business, politics or law.
  • The Day of Welcomes (Jour D'Accueil)- Similar to Fresher's Week in Anglophonic Universities. New students are invited to the Aula Magna, where they are welcomed to Fribourg by the Rector and the Syndic (Mayor of the City of Fribourg). This is followed by a meal in the university Mensa provided by the city, where new students are expected to dine with the rest of the Faculty to which they have been admitted.

The student nations at the two ancient universities in Uppsala and Lund, of which there are now thirteen at each university, are the oldest student societies in Sweden. ... Uppsala (older spelling Upsala) is a city in central Sweden, located about 70 km north of Stockholm. ...   IPA: is a city in SkÃ¥ne in southern Sweden. ... Location of Helsinki in Northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Province Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Charter 1550 Capital city 1812 Government  - City manager Jussi Pajunen Area  - City 187. ...

Student life

The main sports at the University are skiing, fencing, ice hockey, football, basketball. In common with many Swiss universities, Fribourg does not have its own halls of residence. A minority of Students live in foyers, often run by religious organisations (though the university aids with some of the construction costs) but most of them rent a place on their own, a common practice in Switzerland. Two of the main foyers at Fribourg are Cité St. Justin and the Salesianum. There is also a student housing cooperative known as REST.


Primary degrees used to last for five or five and a half years, culminating in a Lizenziat (equivalent to a Master's degree), although with the introduction of the Bologna reforms, the University awards a BA after three years and an MA after a further two years. Students are issued with a tabella, a book in which they record all the lectures which they have attended, and which the professors sign.


Fribourg also has an active nightlife, with bars like the Café Populaire (with its renowned Crazy Mondays) or the Irish Pub and clubs like the To See and the FMRA. The Fri-Son club often presents famous musical acts, with venues as diversified as Death Cab for Cutie, X-cutioners, Booba, Pleymo, Air, Soulfly, The Decemberists, Zuriwest,Stress...


Branding

The University Seal depicts a Cross and Bishop's ring representing the university's Catholic ethos on a shield of black and white, representing the canton of Fribourg. This is being replaced increasingly by the use of a blue logo with triangles depicting the Alps and the name of the University in Latin.


Notable alumni and faculty

Writers and Academics

  • Maurice Zermatten, writer, winner of the Schiller International Prize
  • Tariq Ramadan, philosopher and Islamic scholar
  • Michel Plancherel, mathematician
  • Alfred Gockel, physicist, a graduate of Heidelberg but a Professor of Fribourg, involved in the discovery of cosmic radiation.
  • Gonzague de Reynold, writer and academic. Author of Cités et pays suisse.
  • Mary Daly(PhD, Feminist theologian and advocate of parthenogenesis
  • Emmanuel Levinas, philosopher
  • Professor Thierry Madies- Economic Advisor to French Prime Minister Dominique de Villepin
  • Professor Philippe Gugler, president, European International Business Academy
  • Peter Trudgill, British sociolinguist and dialectologist

Tariq Said Ramadan (born 26 August 1962 in Geneva, Switzerland) is a Swiss Muslim academic and theologian. ... For other uses, see Heidelberg (disambiguation). ... Mary Daly (born October 16, 1928 in Schenectady, New York) is a radical feminist theologian. ... Professor Peter Trudgill (pronounced [ˈtɹʌd. ...

Clergy

His Eminence Christoph Cardinal Schönborn, OP, Th. ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... Angelo Cardinal Scola, Patriarch of Venice. ... George Basil Cardinal Hume OSB, OM, MA, STL (March 2, 1923—June 17, 1999) was an English prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. ... The standard of the Archbishop of Westminster The Archbishop of Westminster heads the Catholic Archdiocese of Westminster, England. ... Sion (German Sitten, Latin Sedunum) is the capital of the Swiss canton of Valais. ... Michael Cardinal Browne, OP (May 6, 1887—March 31, 1971) was an Irish prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. ... The Dominican Order, (its formal name, Ordo praedicatorum or the Order of Preachers, is less common in English; in England and some other countries the Dominicans are referred to as Blackfriars on account of the black cowl or cloak they wear over their white habits. ... Gilberto Cardinal Agustoni (born July 26, 1922 in Schaffhausen, Switzerland) is a Swiss prelate, the former prefect of the Apostolic Signatura and a Cardinal-Deacon the Roman Catholic Church. ... Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DED Capital Dresden Minister-President Georg Milbradt (CDU) Governing parties CDU / SPD Votes in Bundesrat 4 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  18,416 km² (7,110 sq mi) Population 4,252,000 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 231 /km... In the Spanish and former Portuguese monarchies, Infante (masc. ... This article lacks information on the importance of the subject matter. ...

Politics

Joseph Deiss (born January 18, 1946) is an economist and Swiss politician. ... Ruth Metzler-Arnold (born May 23, 1964) is a Swiss politician. ... Chaim Azriel Weizmann (Hebrew: חיים עזריאל ויצמן) November 27, 1874 – November 9, 1952) was a chemist, statesman, President of the World Zionist Organization, first President of Israel (elected February 1, 1949, served 1949 - 1952) and founder of a research institute in Israel that eventually became the Weizmann Institute of Science. ... King Juan Carlos I His Majesty King Juan Carlos I (Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón), styled HM The King (born January 5, 1938), is the reigning King of Spain. ... It has been suggested that Regents: Iberian States be merged into this article or section. ... Albert Pintat Santolària (born 23 June 1943) is the executive council president (head of government) of Andorra. ... Ignacy Mościcki. ...

Business

ACNielsens Logo ACNielsen is an international marketing research firm, based in Schaumburg, Illinois. ...

Architecture

Mario Botta- Founder of the Academy of Architecture at Mendrisio (Honoris Causa)


Judiciary

Antonin Gregory Scalia (born March 11, 1936[1]) is an American jurist and the second most senior Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. ... Associate Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States are the members of the Supreme Court of the United States other than the Chief Justice of the United States. ...

Media

  • Christa Rigozzi, Miss Switzerland 2006-2007

Trivia

  • Benito Mussolini worked as a stone mason on the Bibliothèque Cantonale et universitaire (BCU) centrale, the central library of the university.
  • The university has the third largest collection of Biblical antiquities in the world after the British Museum and the Cairo Museum.
  • During the Second World War, the University set up "university camps" along with the University of Zurich to educate Polish prisoners of war.
  • Every year, the Catholic Church holds collections at Masses throughout Switzerland. known as Fribourg Sunday,the funds raised are mainly used to award scholarships to foreign priests by the Theology Faculty.
  • To commemorate the centerary of the University La Poste issued a stamp depicting the figures Science and Sagesse.

References

  1. ^ University of Fribourg (Switzerland). Catholic Encyclopedia. Retrieved on 2007-02-18.

This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • http://www.unifr.ch

  Results from FactBites:
 
University of Fribourg (Switzerland) (819 words)
By the appropriation to the university of the profit on the public supply of water and electricity, and of a fixed annual sum from the newly-founded state bank, the further development of these three faculties and the establishment of the faculty of mathematical physics were made possible.
The general constitution of the university is regulated by the Charter of 1 December, 1899.
In accordance with the wishes of its founder, the university has always maintained an international character, which consists not alone in the appointment of native professors to teach the history and literature of their native lands, but also in the various nationalities of the students attracted to the university.
Invitational Seminar - Bilingual University (5160 words)
Bilingual universities therefore also play an important role in the training of teachers, since the teacher training process, including refresher training, will be one of the few opportunities for educators at secondary and primary levels to exchange ideas and experiences with their peers from other linguistic groups.
At the University of Puerto Rico, constant monitoring has shown a direct correlation between the bilingual proficiency of students and their family income, where Spanish is the predominant everyday language and English a second language for families with a higher socio-economic position.
At the University of Fribourg, students must obtain a minimum of 25 percent of their credits using the "second" language, but at the same time the university aims to ensure that all subjects can be studied in either language, in order to meet any combination of demands.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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