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Encyclopedia > University of Coimbra
University of Coimbra
Universidade de Coimbra
Seal of the University of Coimbra
Latin name Universitas Conimbrigensis
Motto --
Established 1290
School type Public
Rector magnificus Prof. Fernando Seabra Santos
Location Coimbra, Portugal
Enrollment ca. 23 000 students (2005)
Teaching staff -- (2005)
Member Coimbra Group, EUA
Homepage www.uc.pt

The University of Coimbra (Portuguese: Universidade de Coimbra) is a Portuguese public university in Coimbra, Portugal. It is one of the oldest universities in Europe and one of Portugal's most important higher education and research institutions. It is a member of the Coimbra Group, a group of leading European research universities, whose inaugural meeting it hosted. Image File history File links Symbol of the University of Coimbra, Portugal File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... For broader historical context, see 1290s and 13th century. ... District Coimbra Mayor   - Party Carlos Encarnação PSD Area 316. ... 2005 (MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Founded in 1985 and formally constituted by Charter in 1987, the Coimbra Group is a network of European universities which gathers 39 of the older universities, including Oxford, Cambridge, Salamanca, Bristol, Leuven/Louvain, Montpellier, Uppsala, Göttingen, Heidelberg, Jagiellonian, Dublin, Bologna, Siena, Leiden, Coimbra, Barcelona and Granada. ... The European University Association (EUA) is the main voice of the higher education community in Europe. ... All except one of the British universities are public, including Oxford & Cambridge. ... District Coimbra Mayor   - Party Carlos Encarnação PSD Area 316. ... A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is the worlds second-smallest continent in terms of area, with an area of 10,600,000 km² (4,140,625 square miles), making it larger than Australia only. ... Higher education is education provided by universities and other institutions that award academic degrees, such as university colleges, and liberal arts colleges. ... Research is an active, diligent, and systematic process of inquiry in order to discover, interpret and/or revise facts. ... Founded in 1985 and formally constituted by Charter in 1987, the Coimbra Group is a network of European universities which gathers 39 of the older universities, including Oxford, Cambridge, Salamanca, Bristol, Leuven/Louvain, Montpellier, Uppsala, Göttingen, Heidelberg, Jagiellonian, Dublin, Bologna, Siena, Leiden, Coimbra, Barcelona and Granada. ...

Contents


History

The university was founded, or ratified, in 1290 by King Dinis, having begun its existence in Lisbon. The royal charter announcing the institution of the University was dated 1st March of that year, although efforts had been made at least since 1288 to create this first University in Portugal; it is thus one the oldest of such establishments in the Iberian Peninsula. The Papal confirmation was also given in 1290 (on 9th August of that year), during the Papacy of the Pope Nicholas IV. In accordance with the Papal Bull, all the "licit" Faculties, with the exception of that of Theology, could be established. Thus the Faculties of Arts, Law, Canon Law and Medicine were the first to be created. For broader historical context, see 1290s and 13th century. ... Dinis of Portugal (in archaic Portuguese Diniz; in English Denis), the Farmer (Port. ... District Lisbon Mayor   - Party Carmona Rodrigues PSD Area 84. ... topographic map of the Iberian Peninsula The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe. ... Nicholas IV, né Girolamo Masci (Lisciano, a small village near Ascoli Piceno, September 30, 1227 – April 4, 1292), was pope from February 22, 1288 to April 4, 1292. ...

The tower of the University of Coimbra
The tower of the University of Coimbra

It was, however, not to remain in Lisbon for long. In 1308, likely due to problems of emancipation from the Church (relations between the latter and the political power being somewhat strained at the time) and conflicts between the inhabitants of the city and the students, the University moved to Coimbra. This town already had old traditions in education, being home to the highly successful school of the Monastery of Santa Cruz. The university was then established on the site known as "Estudos Velhos", which corresponds roughly to the area where the Main Library now stands. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2192 KB) Summary I made it myself with my own digital camera. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2192 KB) Summary I made it myself with my own digital camera. ... Events Henry VII is elected as king of the Holy Roman Empire. ... District Coimbra Mayor   - Party Carlos Encarnação PSD Area 316. ... The Santa Cruz Monastery, (english: Holy Cross Monastery, portuguese: Mosteiro de Santa Cruz) is a National Monument in Coimbra, Portugal. ...


In 1338, during the reign of Afonso IV, it was once again transferred to Lisbon, from whence it returned in 1354, this time to the centre of the town which was then in full expansion. In 1377, during the reign of King Fernando, it was transferred yet again to Lisbon, where it would remain for over a century and a half. The authorization for a Faculty of Theology probably dates from this period - around 1380. Events Ashikaga Takauji granted title of Shogun by the emperor of Japan. ... Afonso IV of Portugal (English Alphonzo), or Affonso (Archaic Portuguese), Alfonso or Alphonso (Portuguese-Galician) or Alphonsus (Latin), (February 8, 1291 – May 28, 1357), known as the Brave (Port. ... Events End of reign of John VI Cantacuzenus, as Byzantine emperor. ... Events January 17 – Gregory XI enters Rome. ... Fernando I, ninth king of Portugal (Eng. ...


In 1537, during the reign of João III, the university moved definitively to Coimbra, where it was installed in the Alcaçova Palace. The entire university institution, including the teaching staff and all the books from its library, were moved from Lisbon to Coimbra. At the same time, a restructuring of the curricula was undertaken and new teachers, both Portuguese and foreign, were admitted. Events January 6 - Alessandro de Medici assassinated August 25 - The Honourable Artillery Company, the oldest surviving regiment in the British Army, and the second most senior, was formed. ... John III (June 6, 1502–June 11, 1557; Portuguese: João III), nicknamed o Piedoso (the Pious) was the fifteenth king of Portugal. ...


In the 18th century, the Marquis of Pombal, Minister of the kingdom, made radical reforms in the University, especially regarding the teaching of sciences, in accordance to his Enlightenment and anticlerical creed. (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... The Marquis of Pombal, or Marquês de Pombal, (13 May 1699 - 15 May 1782) was a Portuguese politician and statesman, prime minister of king Joseph I of Portugal throughout his reign. ... The Age of Enlightenment refers to the 18th century in European philosophy, and is often thought of as part of a larger period which includes the Age of Reason. ...


Organization

The University's governance is assured by the Rector, Senate and University Assembly, the latter responsible for the election of the Rector and members of Senate. The Rector has the main responsibility for the strategic direction and overall administration of the University together with the Senate and assisted by the Administrative Council. The University of Coimbra is divided in eight different faculties (Letters, Law, Medicine, Sciences & Technology, Pharmacy, Economics, Psychology & Education Sciences and Sports Sciences & Physical Education), comprising about 23 000 students. Its hospital school, HUC (Hospitais da Universidade de Coimbra), is a leading european hospital, known as a centre of research and high-quality medical services. The university also harbours a huge central library (University of Coimbra General Library), botanical gardens (Botanical Garden of the University of Coimbra), a stadium and sports complex, an astronomical observatory, a private church and many support facilities such as dining halls and studying rooms. The word rector (ruler, from the Latin regere) has a number of different meanings. ... HUC main entrance, Coimbra, Portugal The Hospitais da Universidade de Coimbra (H.U.C.) is the Coimbras University Hospitals, in Coimbra, Portugal. ... The University of Coimbra General Library (Biblioteca Geral da Universidade de Coimbra) is the central library of the University of Coimbra, in Coimbra, Portugal. ... The Botanical Garden of the University of Coimbra was founded in 1772-1774 and it was integrated in the Natural History Museum established by the Marquis of Pombal. ...


Students

Students are represented by the students' union Associação Académica de Coimbra (AAC). Formed on the 3rd November 1887, it is the oldest students' union in Portugal, with a long history of struggle against unpopular state policies, forming notable politicians and intellectuals along the way. It also harbours a very dynamic associative life, with its numerous sports (see below) and cultural sections being an important structure of extra-curricular formation. The latter include activities such as theatre, cinema, radio and television broadcast, music, choral singing, journalism or philately. Every student, and occasionally some non-students, are entitled to belong to these sections. AACs Symbol The Associação Académica de Coimbra (AAC) is the students union of the University of Coimbra. ...


Sports, clubs and traditions

Closely related with this old university are many academic traditions and institutions with a strong impact on the city's life. The old "Republics" (autonomous students' residences) remain, as well as some traditional festivities, most notably the "Queima das Fitas" (a celebration of graduation's end, symbolized by the burning of the ribbons with the colors of each of the eight faculties), the frequent use of traditional attire, the "Fado de Coimbra" (Coimbra's fado, now sung in organized shows rather than the traditional street serenades), and the academic ceremonies (namely the conferring of doctorate degrees). The Queima das Fitas (portuguese for Burning of the Ribbons) is a traditional festivity of the students of some portuguese universities, organized originally by the students of the University of Coimbra. ... The Fado de Coimbra is a type of fado, originating in the university city of Coimbra, Portugal. ... Fado is a type of folk music which most likely originated in the 1820s in Portugal. ...

King Diniz statue at the University of Coimbra
Enlarge
King Diniz statue at the University of Coimbra

The official colors of each one of the Faculties of the University of Coimbra are: Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 1823 KB) Summary I made it myself with my own digital camera. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 1823 KB) Summary I made it myself with my own digital camera. ... Dinis of Portugal (in archaic Portuguese Diniz; in English Denis), the Farmer (Port. ...

  • Faculty of Law: Red
  • Faculty of Medicine: Yellow
  • Faculty of Letters: Dark Blue
  • Faculty of Sciences & Technology: Light Blue and White
  • Faculty of Pharmacy: Purple
  • Faculty of Economics: Red and White
  • Faculty of Psychology & Education Sciences: Orange
  • Faculty of Sports Sciences & Physical Education: Brown

These colors are used in the institutional seal and other symbols of each faculty, in the university ceremonies conferring doctorate degrees, and are also used by the students in their ribbons related with the academic traditions (see Queima das Fitas (The Burning of the Ribbons)). The color of the university seal and of the Rector's office, representing the entire institution as a whole, is dark green. The flag of the University of Coimbra (white flag with the dark green seal in the middle) is always erected, over the top of the old university tower, on the 1st of March, which is the day of the university, being an occasion for a week of debates, conferences, workshops, and special events related with multiple aspects of the institution. The Queima das Fitas (portuguese for Burning of the Ribbons) is a traditional festivity of the students of some portuguese universities, organized originally by the students of the University of Coimbra. ...

Rua Larga Street at the University of Coimbra
Rua Larga Street at the University of Coimbra

The Praxe is a body of ritual and custom founded upon ancient traditions and it is an important part of Coimbra's academic life which no university student is indifferent to. Part of the attraction of Coimbra's academic life, aside from its recognized excellence is that it is more Praxe, having unique rituals that set it apart from other institutions and give its students a special sense of participation in academic rituals originating hundreds of years ago. Though these rituals are seen as outdated by some, it remains an important reference in the academic experience of the University of Coimbra's students. The rules of the Praxe are contained in a book (The Code of Academic Praxe, by a committee of older students of the AAC - Associação Académica de Coimbra), which defines appropriate student behavior for activities like drafting, evaluation, groups or bands and the Burning of the Ribbons rituals. Even inside the AAC, as a modern and democratic students organisation, there are anti-Praxe groups and people who claims for deeper reforms in tradition rituals. The Freshman (1st yr.) period (naturally, the lowest category in the Praxe hierarchy) is for most students a time of good and lasting memories of never to be repeated events. All of academic life in Coimbra is filled with tradition and ritual and tends to be quite memorable. One of the most visible and distinctive traditions is the use of the academic costume of the University of Coimbra, a black suit and cape used on special occasions by the students and which was adopted by other Portuguese universities and is actually used by students of almost all higher education institutions in the city and across the country. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2403 KB) Summary I made it myself with my own digital camera. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2403 KB) Summary I made it myself with my own digital camera. ... The Praxe, for Portuguese students at universities and other institutions of higher education, is a word that means a body of ritual and custom founded upon ancient traditions of the University of Coimbra, the oldest university of Portugal, which is an important part of the academic life. ... AACs Symbol The Associação Académica de Coimbra (AAC) is the students union of the University of Coimbra. ... AACs Symbol The Associação Académica de Coimbra (AAC) is the students union of the University of Coimbra. ...

The tower of the University of Coimbra
The tower of the University of Coimbra

The sports sections of the AAC play a significant role in Coimbra's sport life, often being the city's main representative in that area. They include rugby, handball, basketball, baseball, martial arts, athletics, gymnastic or swimming, among others. Just as with the cultural sections, every student, including professional or semi-professional athletes, may belong to them. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 1915 KB) Summary I made it myself with my own digital camera. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 1915 KB) Summary I made it myself with my own digital camera. ... AACs Symbol The Associação Académica de Coimbra (AAC) is the students union of the University of Coimbra. ...


The city's main football club, usually known as "Académica" or "Briosa", is in formal terms an autonomous organism of the AAC and is called AAC-OAF, but in practical terms it is an independent club, only loosely connected to its mother institution. It is a relatively important team, especially as regards to its huge number of followers nationwide, and plays in the top portuguese football leagues, having been the first winner in history of the Portuguese Football Cup, in 1939. Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) Asian Football Confederation (AFC) Confederation of African Football (CAF) Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football (CONCACAF) Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) South American Football Confederation (CONMEBOL) Oceania Football Confederation (OFC) The Current Laws of the Game (LOTG) The Rec. ... Académica de Coimbra or simply Académica, is formally known as the Associação Académica de Coimbra - Organismo Autónomo de Futebol (AAC-OAF). ... AACs Symbol The Associação Académica de Coimbra (AAC) is the students union of the University of Coimbra. ... Académica de Coimbra or simply Académica, is formally known as the Associação Académica de Coimbra - Organismo Autónomo de Futebol (AAC-OAF). ... The Portuguese Cup or, more correctly, Cup of Portugal (Port. ...


List of faculties

A degree is any of a wide range of awards made by institutions of higher education, such as universities, normally as the result of successfully completing a program of study. ... Aphorism Critical legal studies Jurisprudence Law (principle) Legal research Letter versus Spirit List of legal abbreviations Legal code Natural justice Natural law Philosophy of law Religious law External links Find more information on Law by searching one of Wikipedias sibling projects: Wikibooks Wikiversity has more about this subject: School... Public administration is, broadly speaking, the implementation of policy within a state framework. ... A degree is any of a wide range of awards made by institutions of higher education, such as universities, normally as the result of successfully completing a program of study. ... Medicine on the Web Medical Alarm & Use Medical Marijuana NLM (National Library of Medicine, contains resources for patients and healthcare professionals) Virtual Hospital (digital health sciences library by the University of Iowa) Online Medical Information- medical news, links and resources. ... X-rays can reveal if a person has cavities Dentistry is the practical application of knowledge of dental science (the science of placement, arrangement, function of teeth and their supporting bones and soft tissues) to human beings. ... A degree is any of a wide range of awards made by institutions of higher education, such as universities, normally as the result of successfully completing a program of study. ... Wikibooks Wikiversity has more about this subject: School of Music Look up Music in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Wikisource, as part of the 1911 Encyclopedia Wikiproject, has original text related to this article: Music Meta has a page about this at: Music markup MusicNovatory: the science of music encyclopedia The... Serge Sudeikins poster for the Bat Theatre (1922). ... One of the most famous quotations about history and the value of studying history, by Spanish philosopher, George Santayana, reads: Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it. ... History of art usually refers to the history of the visual arts. ... Importance and applicability Most of human history is not described by any written records. ... These five broad types of question are called analytical or logical, epistemological, ethical, metaphysical, and aesthetic respectively. ... Journalism is a discipline of collecting, verifying, analyzing and presenting information gathered regarding current events, including trends, issues and people. ... A degree is any of a wide range of awards made by institutions of higher education, such as universities, normally as the result of successfully completing a program of study. ... Anthropology (from the Greek word άνθρωπος, human) consists of the study of humankind (see genus Homo). ... // Introduction The skills of the architect are used in complex building types such as the skyscraper, hospital, stadium, airport, etc. ... Main articles: Life The most salient example of biological universality is that all living things share a common carbon-based biochemistry and in particular pass on their characteristics via genetic material, which is based on nucleic acids such as DNA and which uses a common genetic code with only minor... Biochemistry is the chemistry of life, a bridge between biology and chemistry that studies how complex chemical reactions give rise to life. ... Environmental engineering is the application of science and engineering principles to improving the environment (air, water, and/or land resources), to provide healthful water, air and land for human habitation and for other organisms, and to investigate the possibilities for remediation of polluted sites. ... Vaccine Biomedical engineering is a discipline concerned with the development and manufacture of prostheses, medical devices, diagnostic devices, drugs and other therapies as well as the application of engineering principles to basic biological science problems. ... The Falkirk Wheel in Scotland. ... Materials engineering is a discipline related to materials science which focusses on materials design, processing techniques (casting, rolling, welding, ion implantation, crystal growth, thin film deposition, sintering, glassblowing, etc. ... The Ford Essex V6 engine Mechanical engineering is the application of physical principles to the creation of useful reality for machine design. ... Mining Engineering is an umbrella field that involves many of the other engineering disciplines as applied to extracting and processing minerals from a naturally occurring environment. ... Chemical engineering is the application of science, in particular chemistry, along with mathematics and economics to the process of converting raw materials or chemicals into more useful or valuable forms. ... Since antiquity, people have tried to understand the behavior of matter: why unsupported objects drop to the ground, why different materials have different properties, and so forth. ... Geology (from Greek γη- (ge-, the earth) and λογος (logos, word, reason)) is the science and study of the Earth, its composition, structure, physical properties, history, and the processes that shape it. ... Wikibooks Wikiversity has more about this subject: School of Mathematics Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Mathematics Look up Mathematics in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Mathematics Inter. ... // Introduction Chemistry is a large field encompassing many subdisciplines that often overlap with significant portions of other sciences. ... A degree is any of a wide range of awards made by institutions of higher education, such as universities, normally as the result of successfully completing a program of study. ... Pharmacology (in Greek: pharmacon is drug, and logos is science) is the study of how chemical substances interfere with living systems. ... A degree is any of a wide range of awards made by institutions of higher education, such as universities, normally as the result of successfully completing a program of study. ... U.S. Economic Calendar Economics at the Open Directory Project Economics textbooks on Wikibooks The Economists Economics A-Z Institutions and organizations Bureau of Labor Statistics - from the American Labor Department Center for Economic and Policy Research (USA) National Bureau of Economic Research (USA) - Economics material from the organization... External links The Rise of a Young Business Tycoon Business Articles Categories: ‪Business‬ | ‪Academic disciplines‬ | ‪School subjects‬ ... Management (from Old French ménagement the art of conducting, directing, from Latin manu agere to lead by the hand) characterises the process of leading and directing all or part of an organization, often a business, through the deployment and manipulation of resources (human, financial, material, intellectual or intangible). ... International relations (IR), a branch of political science, is the study of foreign affairs of and relations among states within the international system, including the roles of inter-governmental organizations (IGOs), non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and multinational corporations (MNCs). ... Social interactions of people and their consequences are the subject of sociology studies. ... A degree is any of a wide range of awards made by institutions of higher education, such as universities, normally as the result of successfully completing a program of study. ... Psychology (ancient Greek: psyche = soul or mind, logos/-ology = study of) is an academic and applied field involving the study of mind and behavior. ... A degree is any of a wide range of awards made by institutions of higher education, such as universities, normally as the result of successfully completing a program of study. ... In most educational systems, physical education (PE) is a course in the school curriculum which utilizes the learning medium of large-muscle activities in a play or movement exploration setting. ...

Stats and other info

  • Nowadays it has students from 70 different nationalities; almost 10% of its students are foreigners, being Portugal's most international university.
  • In 2004, it was among the first Universities in Portugal limiting the time for degree completion. The degree programs have a specified minimum and maximum time for completion. The time limit is 6 years from the date of first enrolment for the 4 years degrees, and 8 years from the date of first enrolment for 5 years degrees (i.e. Medicine). After that, students have to pay the entire costs of their courses.
  • The tuition fee for undergraduate degrees was 356€/year in 2002/2003. It was increased to 880€/year in 2004/2005 and to 901,23€/year in 2005/2006, the maximum fee allowed to state universities by law.
  • The university does not have special classes for workers or night classes.
  • Overcrowded classrooms are frequent in some disciplines at the Faculties of Science and Technology, Law, and Economics. Students must stand during the classes or even stay outside the classroom. These faculties have the highest abandon rate and the biggest average time for degree completion.
  • School year calendar starts in October and finishes in July.

Alumni

Notable Professors and Lecturers

Notable professors and lecturers at the University include:


Nobel laureates

  • Egas Moniz, (1874 - 1955) Portuguese physician and neurologist. He received many honours and international recognition, culminating with the 1949 Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology.

António Caetano de Abreu Freire Egas Moniz (November 29, 1874 - December 13, 1955) was a Portuguese physician and neurologist. ... Sir Edward Appletons medal Photographs of Nobel Prize Medals. ...

Others

  • Pedro Nunes, (1502 - 1578) Portuguese mathematician who is considered to be one of the World’s top mathematicians of his time.
  • Carlos Mota Pinto, (1936 - 1985) Portuguese political figure.
  • António de Oliveira Salazar, (1889 - 1970) Prime Minister and Dictator of Portugal from 1932 to 1968.

Pedro Nunes (latin, Petrus Nonius), (1502, Alcácer do Sal – August 11, 1578, Coimbra) was a Portuguese mathematician, born from a New Christian (of Jewish origin) family. ... Carlos Mota Pinto (Pombal, 1936 - Coimbra, 1985), was a Portuguese political figure. ... Antonio Salazar on July 22, 1946 issue of Time Magazine Professor António de Oliveira Salazar (April 28, 1889—July 27, 1970) was the Prime Minister of Portugal from 1932 to 1968. ...

Notable Attendees

Notable persons who graduated from or otherwise attended the University include:

  • Zeca Afonso, (1929 - 1987) Portuguese popular singer, composer and poet, a remarkable left-winger with strong anti-fascist beliefs and action, with a huge role in the Democratic Carnation Revolution.
  • Manuel Alegre, Portuguese poet and politician, born in 1936. A member of the Socialist Party of Portugal.
  • António José de Almeida, (1866 - 1929) Portuguese political figure.
  • José de Anchieta, (1534 - 1597) Jesuit missionary, apostle of Brazil, writer and poet.
  • José Alberto de Oliveira Anchieta, (1832 - 1897) A 19th century Portuguese explorer and naturalist. (He dropped out of the University of Coimbra)
  • Jorge Chaminé, Portuguese baritone born in 1956, Human Rights Medal from the UN and Good Will Ambassador of Music in ME (Music in the Middle East).
  • Christopher Clavius, (1538 - 1612) German mathematician and astronomer who was the main architect of the modern Gregorian calendar.
  • Almeida Garrett, (1799 - 1854) Portuguese romanticist and a writer.
  • João Mário Grilo, Portuguese film director born in 1958. (He dropped out of the University of Coimbra)
  • Bartolomeu de Gusmão, (1685 - 1724) Naturalist, recalled for his early work on lighter-than-air ship design.
  • Aristides Sousa Mendes, (1885 - 1954) Portuguese diplomat, who fought against his own government for the safety of European Jews in the years before World War II.
  • Manoel da Nóbrega, (1517 - 1570) Portuguese Jesuit priest and first Provincial of the Society of Jesus in colonial Brazil. He was very influential in the early History of Brazil, having participated in the founding of several cities.
  • Adriano Correia de Oliveira, (1942 - 1982) Portuguese musician, one of the most famous singers and composers of political interventive musics. (He dropped out of the University of Coimbra)
  • Marquês de Pombal, (1699 - 1782) Prime Minister to King Joseph I of Portugal throughout his reign.
  • Eça de Queirós, (1845 - 1900) Portuguese novelist and short-story writer, one of the leading intellectuals of the 'Generation of 1870'.
  • Antero de Quental, (1842 - 1891) Portuguese poet.
  • Adolfo Correia da Rocha, (1907 - 1995) Portuguese poet, a writer of prose and a medical doctor. He adopted the name Miguel Torga as his pseudonym.
  • Salgado Zenha, (1923 - 1993) Portuguese left-wing politician and lawyer.

José Manuel Cerqueira Afonso dos Santos, known as Zeca Afonso José Manuel Cerqueira Afonso dos Santos, better-known as Zeca Afonso or only Zeca (August 2, 1929 - February 23, 1987) was born in Aveiro, Portugal, son of José Nepomuceno Afonso, a judge, and Maria das Dores. ... The Carnation Revolution (Portuguese, Revolução dos Cravos) was an almost bloodless left-leaning revolution started on April 25, 1974, in Lisbon, Portugal, that effectively changed the Portuguese regime from an authoritarian dictatorship to a liberal democracy at the end of a two-year process of a Left-wing military... Manuel Alegre de Melo Duarte (born Águeda, 12 May 1936) is a Portuguese poet and politician, member of the Socialist Party, and currently an independent candidate to the Portuguese presidential election, 2006. ... António José de Almeida (1866 - 1929) was a Portuguese political figure. ... José de Anchieta (1534-1597) was a Spanish Jesuit missionary in Brazil, South America, in the second half of the 16th century. ... José Alberto de Oliveira Anchieta (variations José dAnchieta, José Anchieta, José de Anchieta - b. ... Jorge Chaminé (born 30 April 1956 in Porto, Portugal) is a famous Portuguese baritone opera singer. ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Christopher Clavius, (March 25, 1538 – February 12, 1612) was a German mathematician and astronomer who was the main architect of the modern Gregorian calendar. ... João Baptista da Silva Leitão de Almeida Garrett (b. ... ‹The stub template below has been proposed for deletion or renaming. ... Bartolomeu de Gusmão, born Bartolomeu Lourenço (1685, Santos, São Paulo, Brazil - November 18, 1724, Toledo, Spain), was a Portuguese priest and naturalist, recalled for his early work on lighter-than-air airship design. ... Sousa Mendes on a rehabilitated stamp, 1995 Aristides Sousa Mendes (1885–1954) was a Portuguese diplomat, who fought against his own government for the safety of European Jews in the years before World War II. Aristides de Sousa Mendes do Amaral e Abranches was born in Cabanas de Viriato, in... Father Manoel da Nóbrega Manoel da Nóbrega (variant Manuel da Nóbrega) was a Portuguese Jesuit priest and first Provincial of the Society of Jesus in colonial Brazil. ... Adriano Correia de Oliveira, or only Adriano (April 9, 1942 - May 16, 1982) was born in Avintes (near Oporto), Portugal. ... Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, Marquis of Pombal (in Portuguese, Marquês de Pombal), (13 May 1699 – 15 May 1782) was a Portuguese statesman. ... José Maria Eça de Queirós November 25, 1845 - August 16, 1900) was a Portuguese novelist. ... Antero de Quental, old spelling Anthero,(April 18, 1842 - September 11, Portuguese poet, was born on São Miguel Island, in the Azores. ... Adolfo Correia da Rocha (1907-1995) was a Portuguese poet, a writer of prose and a medical doctor. ... Francisco Salgado Zenha Francisco Salgado Zenha (1923 - 1993) was a Portuguese left-wing politician and lawyer, as a student, he was elected president of the Academic Association of Coimbra, being dismissed some months after because he refused to participate in an demonstration of support to the Fascist regime. ...

List of research units

Research and Studies centers of the University of Coimbra include: Research is an active, diligent, and systematic process of inquiry in order to discover, interpret and/or revise facts. ... Look up Study in Wiktionary, the free dictionary To study means to acquire knowledge, often by memorization or reading. ...

  • AIBILI (Association for Innovation and Biomedical Research on Light and Image)
  • Institute of Biomedical Research in Light and Image
  • Centro de Histofisiologia, Patologia Experimental e Biologia do Desenvolvimento
  • Center of Cardiothoracic Surgery
  • Center for Pharmaceutical Studies
  • Mechanical Engineering Center
  • Center for Informatics and Systems
  • Institute of Science and Engineering Materials and Surfaces
  • Institute for Systems and Computers Engineering at Coimbra
  • Institute of Systems and Robotics
  • X-Ray Diffraction Center for Materials Research (CEMDRX)
  • Centre for Computational Physics
  • Center of Theoretical Physics
  • Electronics and Instrumentation Center
  • Instrumentation Center
  • Laboratory for Instrumentation and Particle Physics - Coimbra
  • Centre for Mathematics
  • Molecular Chemistry-Physics
  • Institute of Marine Research - Coimbra Interdisciplinary Center
  • Institute of Environment and Life
  • Geosciences Centre
  • Centre for Social Studies
  • Anthropology Investigation Centre
  • Center for Neuroscience and Cell Biology
  • Institute of Urban and Regional Studies
  • Linguagem, Interpretação e Filosofia
  • Centre for the History of Society and Culture
  • Estudos Clássicos e Humanísticos
  • Instituto Pedro Nunes (founded by the University of Coimbra, today an associated entity working also as a Business incubator)
  • Instituto de Estudos Jornalísticos

Business incubators are organizations that support the entrepreneurial process, helping to increase survival rates for innovative startup companies. ...

Other students in Coimbra

Since 1988, there has been a second public institution of higher education in Coimbra, the Instituto Politécnico de Coimbra, a polytechnic institute, whose entrance and teaching requirements are usually less demanding than the University of Coimbra's. There are also some private schools and institutes such as the Instituto Superior Miguel Torga, the Instituto Superior Bissaya Barreto, and the Escola Universitária Vasco da Gama, which are not generally considered as prestigious as the university. The Instituto Politécnico de Coimbra (IPC) is a public polytechnic institute in Coimbra, Portugal. ... The term polytechnic, from the Greek πολύ polú meaning many and τεχνικός tekhnikós meaning arts, is commonly used in many countries to describe an institution that delivers vocational or technical education and training, other countries do not use the term and use alternative terminology. ...


See also

HUC main entrance, Coimbra, Portugal The Hospitais da Universidade de Coimbra (H.U.C.) is the Coimbras University Hospitals, in Coimbra, Portugal. ... The University of Coimbra General Library (Biblioteca Geral da Universidade de Coimbra) is the central library of the University of Coimbra, in Coimbra, Portugal. ... The Joanina Library (Biblioteca Joanina) is the Baroque library of the University of Coimbra, built in the 18th century during the reign of the Portuguese King João V (and named after him). ... The Botanical Garden of the University of Coimbra was founded in 1772-1774 and it was integrated in the Natural History Museum established by the Marquis of Pombal. ... AACs Symbol The Associação Académica de Coimbra (AAC) is the students union of the University of Coimbra. ... Rádio Universidade de Coimbra or in english - University of Coimbra Radio, is a students radio station, working as a cultural section within the students union (Associação Académica de Coimbra) at the University of Coimbra in Portugal. ... District Coimbra Mayor   - Party Carlos Encarnação PSD Area 316. ... // State-Run Universities Universidade dos Açores (Azores) Universidade do Algarve (Faro) Universidade de Aveiro (Aveiro) Universidade da Beira Interior (Covilhã) Universidade de Coimbra (Coimbra) Universidade de Évora (Évora) Universidade de Lisboa (Lisbon) Universidade da Madeira (Madeira) Universidade do Minho (Braga) Universidade Nova de Lisboa (Lisbon) Universidade do Porto (Porto... Education in Portugal is a subject of controversy due to its multiple aspects, tonalities, subsystems, constant transformations and reforms. ... The Praxe, for Portuguese students at universities and other institutions of higher education, is a word that means a body of ritual and custom founded upon ancient traditions of the University of Coimbra, the oldest university of Portugal, which is an important part of the academic life. ...

External links

  • Universidade de Coimbra
  • Hospitais da Universidade de Coimbra
  • Associação Académica de Coimbra
  • Rádio Universidade de Coimbra (radio station)
Coimbra Group
(of European research universities)
Coimbra Group
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