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Encyclopedia > University of California, Berkeley
University of California, Berkeley

Motto: Fiat lux (Latin)
Motto in English: Let there be light
Established: March 23, 1868
Type: Public flagship
Endowment: $2.894 billion[1]
Chancellor: Robert J. Birgeneau
Faculty: 1,950
Undergraduates: 23,482
Postgraduates: 10,076
Location: Berkeley, CA, U.S.
Campus: Urban, 6,651 acres (27 km²)[2]
Newspaper: The Daily Californian
Colors: Yale Blue and Golden Yellow[3]           
Mascot: Oski
Athletics: NCAA Division I
California Golden Bears
Affiliations: University of California, Pacific-10, IARU, AAU
Website: berkeley.edu
Sather Tower (the Campanile) looking out over the San Francisco Bay and Mount Tamalpais.
Sather Tower (the Campanile) looking out over the San Francisco Bay and Mount Tamalpais.

The University of California, Berkeley is a major research university located in Berkeley, California, United States. Informally referred to by such abbreviations as Cal, California, UC Berkeley, and simply Berkeley, it is the oldest of the ten campuses affiliated with the University of California. Berkeley offers some 300 undergraduate and graduate degree programs in a wide range of disciplines. The university occupies 6,651 acres (27 km²)[4] with the central campus resting on approximately 200 acres (0.8 km²). Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Latins and Latin (disambiguation). ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Let there be light is an English translation of the Hebrew ×™Ö°×”Ö´×™ אוֹר (or yehiy or). ... The date of establishment or date of founding of an institution is the date on which that institution chooses to claim as its starting point. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the lead ship, store, or product of a group. ... A financial endowment is a transfer of money or property donated to an institution, with the stipulation that it be invested, and the principal remain intact. ... USD redirects here. ... A Chancellor is the head of a university. ... Robert Joseph Birgeneau, a Canadian physicist, became the 9th Chancellor of the University of California, Berkeley on September 22, 2004. ... A faculty is a division within a university. ... In some educational systems, undergraduate education is post-secondary education up to the level of a Bachelors degree. ... Degree ceremony at Cambridge. ... Berkeley is a city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in Northern California, in the United States. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... Cities with at least a million inhabitants in 2006 An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... The Daily Californian (or Daily Cal) is an independent, student-run newspaper that serves the University of California, Berkeley campus and its surrounding community. ... School colors are the colors chosen by a school to represent it on uniforms and other items of identification. ... Yale Blue – the dark blue color used in association with Yale University – varies with use and history. ... Tinctures are the colours used to blazon coats of arms in heraldry. ... Millie, once mascot of the City of Brampton, is now the Brampton Arts Councils representative. ... Oski or Oski the Bear (named after the Oski Wow-Wow yell) is the official mascot of the University of California, Berkeley and was introduced in 1941. ... NCAA redirects here. ... Division I (or DI) is the highest level of intercollegiate athletics sanctioned by the National Collegiate Athletic Association in the United States. ... Cal Logo The California Golden Bears is the nickname used for 27 varsity athletic programs of the University of California, Berkeley. ... Berkeley Davis Irvine Los Angeles Merced Riverside San Diego Santa Barbara Santa Cruz UC Office of the President in Oakland The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the state of California. ... The Pacific-10 Conference (Pac-10) is a college athletic conference which operates in the western United States. ... The International Alliance of Research Universities (IARU) was launched in January 2006 as a leading co-operative network of 10 international research-intensive universities. ... The Association of American Universities (AAU) is an organization of leading research universities devoted to maintaining a strong system of academic research and education. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2448 × 3264 pixel, file size: 434 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Campanile and Mt. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2448 × 3264 pixel, file size: 434 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Campanile and Mt. ... San Francisco Bay, San Pablo Bay, and the Golden Gate San Francisco Bay is a shallow, productive estuary through which water draining approximately forty percent of California, flowing in the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers from the Sierra Nevada mountains, enters the Pacific Ocean. ... Mount Tamalpais (IPA: ; MWCD , known locally as Mount Tam) is a peak in Marin County, California, USA, often considered symbolic of Marin County. ... Berkeley is a city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in Northern California, in the United States. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Berkeley Davis Irvine Los Angeles Merced Riverside San Diego Santa Barbara Santa Cruz UC Office of the President in Oakland The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the state of California. ...


The University was founded in 1868 in a merger of the private College of California and the public Agricultural, Mining, and Mechanical Arts College. By the 1930s, Berkeley had established itself as a premier research university, and today counts sixty-one Nobel Laureates among its faculty, researchers and alumni. Berkeley physicists led and hand-picked the team of scientists who worked on the Manhattan Project, which developed the atomic bomb during World War II and the hydrogen bomb soon afterwards. The University has managed Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the nation's two principal nuclear weapons labs (now also used for more peaceful research) at Livermore, California, and Los Alamos, New Mexico, ever since. The College of California was the predecessor of the University of California. ... This article is about the World War II nuclear project. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 kilometers (11 mi) above the hypocenter A nuclear weapon derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions of fusion or fission. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The basics of the Teller–Ulam configuration: a fission bomb uses radiation to compress and heat a separate section of fusion fuel. ... The Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), formerly the Berkeley Radiation Laboratory and usually shortened to Berkeley Lab or LBL, is a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratory conducting unclassified scientific research. ... Livermore is a city in Alameda County, California, United States. ... Los Alamos is an unincorporated townsite in Los Alamos County, New Mexico. ...


Berkeley student-athletes compete intercollegiately as the California Golden Bears. A member of both the Pacific-10 Conference and the Mountain Pacific Sports Federation in the NCAA, Cal students have won national titles in many sports, including football, men's basketball, baseball, softball, water polo, rugby and crew. In addition, they have won over 100 Olympic medals. The official colors of the university and its athletic teams are Yale blue and California gold. Cal Logo The California Golden Bears is the nickname used for 27 varsity athletic programs of the University of California, Berkeley. ... The Pacific-10 Conference (Pac-10) is a college athletic conference which operates in the western United States. ... The Mountain Pacific Sports Federation is a College Athletic Conference whose member teams are located in the western United States. ... NCAA redirects here. ...

Contents

UC Berkeley campus circa 1940
UC Berkeley campus circa 1940

Image File history File links LBL News, Vol. ... Image File history File links LBL News, Vol. ...

History

Founding

In 1866, the land that comprises the current Berkeley campus was purchased by the private College of California. Because it lacked sufficient funds to operate, it eventually merged with the state-run Agricultural, Mining, and Mechanical Arts College to form the University of California. The university's charter was signed by California Governor Henry H. Haight on March 23, 1868. Professor John Le Conte was appointed interim president, serving until 1870 when the Board of regents elected Henry Durant, the founder of the College of California. The College of California was the predecessor of the University of California. ... Berkeley Davis Irvine Los Angeles Merced Riverside San Diego Santa Barbara Santa Cruz UC Office of the President in Oakland The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the state of California. ... Henry Huntly Haight (May 20, 1825–September 2, 1878) was Governor of California from December 5, 1867 to December 8, 1871. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... John Le Conte (1818 - April 29, 1891 in Berkeley, California) was an American scientist and academic. ... Henry Durant Henry Durant (Acton, Massachusetts, June 18, 1802 – Oakland, California, January 22, 1875) was the founding president of the University of California. ...


The university opened in September of 1869 using the former College of California's buildings in Oakland as a temporary home while the new campus underwent construction.[5] In 1871, the Board of Regents stated that women should be admitted on an equal basis with men. [6] With the completion of North and South Halls in 1873, the university relocated to its Berkeley location with 167 male and 222 female students.[7] 1869 (MDCCCLXIX) is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Oakland redirects here. ... South Hall, built in 1873, is the oldest building on the University of California, Berkeley campus and the only remaining building of the original campus. ...


Early development

Starting in 1891, Phoebe Apperson Hearst made several large gifts to Berkeley, endowing a number of programs, sponsoring an international architectural competition, and funding the construction of Hearst Memorial Mining Building and Hearst Hall. In 1899, the University came of age under the direction of Benjamin Ide Wheeler, the University's President until 1919. Its reputation grew as President Wheeler succeeded in attracting renowned faculty to the campus and procuring research and scholarship funds.[5] The campus began to take on the look of a contemporary university with Beaux-Arts and neoclassical buildings, including California Memorial Stadium (1923) designed by architect John Galen Howard;[8] these buildings form the core of UC Berkeley's present campus architecture. Benjamin Ide Wheeler Benjamin Ide Wheeler (1854 – 1927) was a Greek and comparative philology professor at Cornell University as well as President of the University of California from 1899 to 1919. ... Beaux-Arts architecture[1] denotes the academic classical architectural style that was taught at the École des Beaux Arts in Paris. ... The Cathedral of Vilnius (1783), by Laurynas Gucevičius. ... Officially named California Memorial Stadium, Memorial Stadium is the current home for Cal football. ... John Galen Howard (May 8, 1864–July 18, 1931) was an American architect. ...


Robert Gordon Sproul assumed the presidency in 1930 and during his tenure of 28 years, UC Berkeley gained international recognition as a major research university. Prior to taking office, Sproul took a six month tour of other universities and colleges to study their educational and administrative methods and to establish connections through which he could draw talented faculty in the future.[9] The Great Depression and World War II led to funding cutbacks, but Sproul was able to maintain academic and research standards by campaigning for private funds. By 1942, the American Council on Education ranked UC Berkeley second only to Harvard University in the number of distinguished departments.[10] Robert Gordon Sproul (May 22, 1891 – ?) was 11th President of the University of California (1930-1958). ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Harvard redirects here. ...


World War II

During World War II, Ernest Orlando Lawrence's Radiation Laboratory in the hills above Berkeley began to contract with the U.S. Army to develop the atomic bomb, which would involve Berkeley's cutting-edge research in nuclear physics, including Glenn Seaborg's then-secret discovery of plutonium (Room 307 of Gilman Hall, where Seaborg discovered plutonium, would later be a National Historic Landmark). UC Berkeley physics professor J. Robert Oppenheimer was named scientific head of the Manhattan Project in 1942.[11][12] Along with the descendant of the Radiation Lab, the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, the University of California originally managed and is now a partner in managing two other labs of similar age, Los Alamos National Laboratory and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, which were established in 1943 and 1952, respectively. Ernest O. Lawrence Ernest Orlando Lawrence (August 8, 1901 – August 27, 1958) was an American physicist and Nobel Laureate best known for his invention, utilization, and improvement of the cyclotron beginning in 1929, and his later work in uranium-isotope separation in the Manhattan Project. ... The Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), formerly the Berkeley Radiation Laboratory and usually shortened to Berkeley Lab or LBL, is a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratory conducting unclassified scientific research. ... The United States Army is the largest and oldest branch of the armed forces of the United States. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 km (11 mi) above the epicenter. ... Glenn Theodore Seaborg (April 19, 1912 – February 25, 1999) won the 1951 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for discoveries in the chemistry of the transuranium elements,[1] contributed to the discovery and isolation of ten elements, developed the actinide concept and was the first to propose the actinide series which led... Gilman Hall is a building on the campus of the University of California, Berkeley. ... This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ... J. Robert Oppenheimer[1] (April 22, 1904 – February 18, 1967) was an American theoretical physicist, best known for his role as the director of the Manhattan Project, the World War II effort to develop the first nuclear weapons, at the secret Los Alamos laboratory in New Mexico. ... This article is about the World War II nuclear project. ... Los Alamos National Laboratory, aerial view from 1995. ... Aerial view of the lab and surrounding area, facing NW. The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) in Livermore, California is a United States Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratory, managed and operated by Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC (LLNS), a limited liability consortium comprised of Bechtel National, the University of...


1950s and 1960s political influences

During the McCarthy era in 1949, the Board of Regents adopted an anti-communist loyalty oath to be signed by all University of California employees. A number of faculty members objected to the oath requirement and were dismissed;[13] ten years passed before they were reinstated with back pay.[14] One of them, Edward C. Tolman—the noted comparative psychologist— has a building on campus named after him housing the departments of psychology and education. An oath to "support and defend the Constitution of the United States and the Constitution of the State of California against all enemies, foreign and domestic" is still required of all UC employees.[15][16] A 1947 comic book published by the Catechetical Guild Educational Society warning of the dangers of a Communist takeover. ... The Regents of the University of California make up the governing board of the University of California. ... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... Edward Chace Tolman (1886 - 1959) was an American psychologist. ... A brain of a cat Psychologists and scientists do not always agree on what should be considered Comparative Psychology. ...


In 1952, the University of California became an entity separate from the Berkeley campus as part of a major restructuring of the UC system. Each campus was given relative autonomy and its own Chancellor. Sproul assumed the presidency of the entire University of California system, and Clark Kerr became the first Chancellor of UC Berkeley.[17] Clark Kerr (May 17, 1911 – December 1, 2003) was the first Chancellor of the University of California, Berkeley (1952–1958) and the 12th President of the University of California (1958–1967). ...


1960s and the Free Speech Movement

Memorial Glade, at the center of the Berkeley campus.
Memorial Glade, at the center of the Berkeley campus.

UC Berkeley’s reputation for student activism was forged in the 1960s, beginning with the Free Speech Movement in 1964.[18] An impromptu response to the university’s ban on campus political activity, the Free Speech Movement led to the formal establishment of students’ freedom of expression. Student protests continued through the Vietnam War era in the 1960s, as campuses across the nation spoke out against American involvement in the war. Photograph of Memorial Glade at the UC Berkeley campus taken on November 2, 2002 by gku. ... Photograph of Memorial Glade at the UC Berkeley campus taken on November 2, 2002 by gku. ... The Free Speech Movement was a student protest which began in 1964 - 1965 on the campus of the University of California, Berkeley under the informal leadership of student Mario Savio and others. ...


Perhaps the most publicized event in Berkeley was the People's Park protest in 1969, which was a conflict between the university and a number of Berkeley students and city residents over a plot of land on which the university intended to construct athletic fields. A grassroots effort by students and residents turned it into a community park, but after a few weeks, the university decided to reclaim control over the property. Law enforcement was sent in and the park was bulldozed, setting off a protest. California governor Ronald Reagan — who had said in his gubernatorial election campaign that he would clean up the perceived unruliness at Berkeley and other university campuses — called in National Guard troops and more violence erupted, resulting in over a dozen people hospitalized, a police officer stabbed, a bystander blinded, and the death of one student.[19] The university ultimately decided not to develop People’s Park, though it remains the owner of the property. Peoples Park, Berkeley Peoples Park in Berkeley, California, USA is a park off of Telegraph Avenue, bound by Haste and Bowditch Streets and Dwight Way, near the University of California (UC Berkeley) that was created as part of the citys radical activism in the 1960s. ... Reagan redirects here. ... The United States National Guard is a reserve forces component of the United States Army (the Army National Guard) and the United States Air Force (the Air National Guard). ...


Present day

Today, students at UC Berkeley are generally considered to be less politically active than their predecessors.[20] In a poll conducted in 2005, 51% of Berkeley freshmen considered themselves liberal, 37% considered themselves moderate, and 12% identified as conservative. 43.8% have no religious preference compared to a national average of 17.6%. In 1982, 20.8% identified as conservative, 32.9% identified as liberals, and 46.4% identified as moderate.[21] Although Republicans are in the minority, the Berkeley College Republicans is the largest student organization on campus.[22] Democrats outnumber Republicans on the faculty by a ratio of nine to one, leading to some conservative student criticism of the faculty for teaching with a liberal bias.[23]

Tightwad Hill
Tightwad Hill

Although considered a liberal institution by some, various human and animal rights groups have protested the research conducted at Berkeley. Native American groups contend that the university's dismantling of the Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology's repatriation unit demonstrates unwillingness to comply with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act, while Berkeley officials say the museum's reorganization complies with the law and will involve all museum staff in the repatriation process.[24] Animal-rights activists have taken to committing various acts of vandalism and intimidation against faculty members whose research involves the use of animals.[25] Additionally, the university's response to a group of tree sitters protesting the construction of a new athletic center has galvanized some members of the local community, including the city council, against the university.[26] Plans to renovate Memorial Stadium in a way that would eliminate a view of the field from the surrounding hills also have encountered opposition from alumni and others who have regularly watched Cal football games for free.[27] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1944 × 2592 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1944 × 2592 pixel, file size: 2. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... The Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (or NAGPRA) is a United States federal law passed in 1990 requiring that Native Americans cultural items be returned to their respective peoples if and when they have been excavated, and allows archeological teams a short time for analysis before the remains... A man holds a monkey with a limb missing by a rope around her neck, a scene epitomizing the idea of animal ownership. ... Tree sitting is a form of environmentalist civil disobedience in which a protester sits in a tree, usually on a small platform built for the purpose, to protect it from being cut down (speculating that loggers will not endanger human lives by cutting an occupied tree). ...


As of 2006, the 32,347-student university needed more capital investment just to maintain current infrastructure than any other campus in the UC system, but as its enrollment is at capacity, it often receives less state money for improvement projects than other, growing campuses in the system.[28] As state funding for higher education declines, Berkeley has increasingly turned to private sources to maintain basic research programs. In 2007, the oil giant BP donated $500 million to Berkeley and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign to establish a joint research laboratory to develop biofuels, the Hewlett Foundation gave $113 million to endow 100 faculty chairs, and Dow Chemical gave $10 million for a research program in sustainability to be overseen by a Dow executive.[29][30] Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... This article is about the energy corporation. ... Bio-energy redirects here. ... The meaning of the word professor (Latin: one who claims publicly to be an expert) varies. ... The Dow Chemical Company (NYSE: DOW) is a multinational corporation headquartered in Midland, Michigan, USA. In terms of market capitalization, it is the second-largest chemical company in the world, smaller than only DuPont. ... The Earth Day flag includes a NASA photo. ...


British Petroleum / BP Deal

The $500 million ten-year contract between UC Berkeley, the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and BP (formerly British Petroleum), one of the world’s largest energy production companies, officially went into effect Wednesday November 14, 2007 following approval by a majority of the faculty.[31] The grant is the largest in the University’s history. The deal has garnered criticism from some students and faculty who claim the agreement was negotiated in secret, and that it threatens Berkeley’s reputation as an autonomous and democratic institution of higher learning.[32] Supporters of the deal, on the other hand, assert that the infusion of capital from the venture will benefit the campus as a whole at a time when public universities are dealing with increasing cuts in State and Federal funding. They also point out that the BP deal focuses on developing alternative energy, an important issue in today's world.[33] This article is about the energy corporation. ... A contract is a legally binding exchange of promises or agreement between parties that the law will enforce. ... The Berkeley Lab is perched on a hill overlooking the Berkeley central campus and San Francisco Bay. ... A Corner of Main Quad The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC, U of I, or simply Illinois), is the oldest, largest, and most prestigious campus in the University of Illinois system. ... This article is about the energy corporation. ... is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Alternate uses: Student (disambiguation) Etymologically derived through Middle English from the Latin second-type conjugation verb stŭdērĕ, which means to study, a student is one who studies. ... Look up Faculty on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Faculty has several different meanings and can refer to: University faculty are the instructors and/or researchers of high standing at universities, as opposed to the students or support staff. ...


Nuclear physicist and BP Chief Scientist Steve Koonin began the process that led to BP’s selection of Berkeley as a co-recipient of the grant.[31] Berkeley faculty and graduate students will aid BP scientists in designing and implementing genetically modified plants and microbes which can be used in the Bio-fuel industry. The deal is controversial among some UC Berkeley faculty, with some professors including Ignacio Chapela and Miguel Altieri who claim that the project will displace farmland needed for food crops in poor nations and replace them with patented crops owned by multinational corporations, and others including Randy Schekman speaking out in support of the deal.[34] Nuclear physics is the branch of physics concerned with the nucleus of the atom. ... A scientist, in the broadest sense, refers to any person that engages in a systematic activity to acquire knowledge or an individual that engages in such practices and traditions that are linked to schools of thought or philosophy. ... GMO redirects here. ... A microorganism or microbe is an organism that is so small that it is microscopic (invisible to the naked eye). ... For articles on specific fuels used in vehicles, see Biogas, Bioethanol, Biobutanol and Biodiesel Biofuel is any fuel that is derived from biomass — recently living organisms or their metabolic byproducts, such as manure from cows. ... Ignacio Chapela is an microbial ecologist and mycologist at the University of California, Berkeley, and an outspoken critic of the Universitys ties to the biotechnology industry. ... For other uses, see Patent (disambiguation). ... A multinational corporation (MNC) or transnational corporation (TNC) is one that spans multiple nations; these corporations are often very large. ... Randy Schekman received the Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research in 2002. ...


In March of 2007 the UC Regents, who signed the deal, voted to build a new research facility to house the Energy Biosciences Institute (EBI), BP’s chosen name for the project. University officials describe it as “the first public-private institution of this scale in the world.” [31][35] For other uses, see March (disambiguation). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... The Energy Biosciences Institute (EBI), formally announced on February 1, 2007, is an organization that will pursue research to develop new sources of energy and reduce the impact of energy consumption on the environment. ...


Campus

View of the Berkeley Campus from the Big C on the foothills to the east
View of the Berkeley Campus from the Big C on the foothills to the east

The Berkeley campus encompasses approximately 1,232 acres (5 km²), though the "central campus" occupies only the low-lying western 178 acres (0.7 km²) of this area. Of the remaining 1000 acres (4 km²), approximately 200 acres (0.8 km²) are occupied by the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; other facilities above the main campus include the Lawrence Hall of Science and several research units, notably the Space Sciences Laboratory, the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute, an undeveloped 800 acres (3.2 km²) ecological preserve, the University of California Botanical Garden and a recreation center in Strawberry Canyon. To the west of the central campus is the downtown business district of Berkeley; to the northwest is the neighborhood of North Berkeley, including the so-called Gourmet Ghetto, a commercial district known for high quality dining due to the presence of such world-renowned restaurants as Chez Panisse. Immediately to the north is a quiet residential neighborhood known as Northside with a large graduate student population[citation needed]; situated north of that are the upscale residential neighborhoods of the Berkeley Hills, where many faculty members live[citation needed]. Immediately southeast of campus lies fraternity row, and beyond that the Clark Kerr Campus and an upscale residential area named Claremont. The area south of the university includes student housing and Telegraph Avenue, one of Berkeley's main shopping districts with stores, street vendors and restaurants catering to college students and tourists. In addition, the University also owns some land to the northwest of the main campus, a 90-acre married student housing in nearby town of Albany ("Albany Village" and the "Gill Tract"), a field research station several miles to the north in Richmond, California. Outside of the Bay Area, the University owns various research laboratories and research forests in both northern and southern Sierra Nevada. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 2050 KB) Summary Picture taken on August 21, 2005 from the Big C on the hills to the east. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 2050 KB) Summary Picture taken on August 21, 2005 from the Big C on the hills to the east. ... The Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), formerly the Berkeley Radiation Laboratory and usually shortened to Berkeley Lab or LBL, is a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratory conducting unclassified scientific research. ... The Lawrence Hall of Science (LHS) is a public science center, run by the University of California, Berkeley. ... The Space Sciences Laboratory (SSL) is run by the University of California, Berkeley. ... The Mathematical Sciences Research Institute (MSRI), founded in 1982, is a mathematical research institution whose funding sources include the National Science Foundation. ... The University of California Botanical Gardenis a 34 acres (13. ... Downtown Berkeley in the foreground, with San Francisco seen across the Bay. ... The Gourmet Ghetto is the colloquial name for a neighborhood in the city of Berkeley, California. ... The front entrance to Chez Panisse on Berkeleys Shattuck Avenue Chez Panisse is a Berkeley, California restaurant known as the birthplace of California cuisine, a style credited to its co-founder, Alice Waters. ... Northside is a neighborhood in Berkeley, California; located north of the University of California, Berkeley campus, east of Oxford Street, and south of Cedar Street. ... The Berkeley Hills are a range of the Pacific Coast Ranges which overlook the northeast side of the valley in which San Francisco Bay is situated. ... The University of California, Berkeley has various student housing facilities, some run by the office of Residential and Student Service Programs, and others by off-campus entities. ... Location of Claremont in the cities of Oakland and Berkeley. ... Telegraph Avenue during a street fair. ... On a normal day, street vendors line Telegraph Avenue near the UC Berkeley campus. ...


Architecture

 South Hall (1873), one of the two original buildings of the University of California, still stands on the Berkeley campus
South Hall (1873), one of the two original buildings of the University of California, still stands on the Berkeley campus

What is considered the historic campus today was the result of the 1898 "International Competition for the Phoebe Hearst Architectural Plan for the University of California," funded by William Randolph Hearst’s mother and initially held in the Belgian city of Antwerp; eleven finalists were judged again in San Francisco in 1899.[36] The winner was Frenchman Emile Bernard, however he refused to personally supervise the implementation of his plan and the task was subsequently given to architecture professor John Galen Howard. Howard designed over twenty buildings, which set the tone for the campus up until its expansion in the 1950s and 1960s. The structures forming the “classical core” of the campus were built in the Beaux-Arts Classical style, and include Hearst Greek Theatre, Hearst Memorial Mining Building, Doe Memorial Library, California Hall, Wheeler Hall, (Old) Le Conte Hall, Gilman Hall, Haviland Hall, Wellman Hall, Sather Gate, and the 307-foot (94 m) Sather Tower (nicknamed "the Campanile" after its architectural inspiration, St Mark's Campanile in Venice). Buildings he regarded as temporary, nonacademic, or not particularly "serious" were designed in shingle or Collegiate Gothic styles; examples of these are North Gate Hall, Dwinelle Annex, and Stephens Hall. Many of Howard’s designs are recognized California Historical Landmarks and are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The University of California, Berkeley campus and its surrounding community are home to a number of notable buildings by early 20th-century campus architect John Galen Howard, his peer Bernard Maybeck (best known for the San Francisco Palace of Fine Arts), and Maybecks student Julia Morgan. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 412 pixel Image in higher resolution (5764 × 2970 pixel, file size: 11. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 412 pixel Image in higher resolution (5764 × 2970 pixel, file size: 11. ... South Hall, built in 1873, is the oldest building on the University of California, Berkeley campus and the only remaining building of the original campus. ... Phoebe Apperson Hearst (1842-1919) was born in Franklin County, Missouri, United States. ... For other people named William Randolph Hearst, see William Randolph Hearst (disambiguation) William Randolph Hearst I (April 29, 1863 – August 14, 1951) was an American newspaper magnate. ... For other uses, see Antwerp (disambiguation). ... John Galen Howard (May 8, 1864–July 18, 1931) was an American architect. ... Beaux-Arts architecture[1] denotes the academic classical architectural style that was taught at the École des Beaux Arts in Paris. ... Sign at the front entrance to the Greek Theatre The William Randolph Hearst Greek Theatre, known locally as simply the Greek Theatre, is an 8,500-seat amphitheater owned and operated by the University of California, Berkeley in Berkeley, California, USA. The Greek Theatre hosts pop, rock, and world music... The Hearst Memorial Mining Building at the University of California, Berkeley is listed in the National Register of Historic Places and is currently home to the universitys materials science department. ... The Doe Memorial Library is the main library on the UC Berkeley campus. ... Sather Gate Sather Gate is a prominent landmark separating Sproul Plaza and the bridge over Strawberry Creek leading to the heart of the University of California, Berkeley campus. ... Sather Tower is a campanile (bell and clock tower) on the University of California, Berkeley campus. ... The Campanile from the west The Campanile from the south St Marks Campanile is the bell tower of St Marks Basilica in Venice, located in the square (piazza) of the same name. ... The western facade of Reims Cathedral, France. ... California Historical Landmarks (CHLs) are buildings, structures, sites, or places in the state of California that have been determined to have statewide historical significance by meeting at least one of the criteria listed below: approved for designation by the County Board of Supervisors or the City/Town Council in whose... A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ...


Built in 1873 in a Victorian Second-Empire-style, South Hall is the oldest university building in California. It, and the Frederick Law Olmsted-designed Piedmont Avenue east of the main campus, are the only remnants from the original University of California before John Galen Howard's buildings were constructed. Other architects whose work can be found in the campus and surrounding area are Bernard Maybeck[37] (best known for the Palace of Fine Arts in San Francisco), Maybeck's student Julia Morgan (Hearst Women's Gymnasium), Charles Willard Moore (Haas School of Business) and Joseph Esherick (Wurster Hall). South Hall, built in 1873, is the oldest building on the University of California, Berkeley campus and the only remaining building of the original campus. ... {{Infobox Person | name = | image = FLOlmstead. ... Piedmont Avenue is a street in the city of Berkeley, California. ... Bernard Ralph Maybeck (February 7, 1862 - October 3, 1957) was a prominent architect in the Arts and Crafts Movement of the early 20th Century. ... // The Palace of Fine Arts: 2004 For the opera house in Mexico City, see Palacio de Bellas Artes The Palace of Fine Arts in the Marina District of San Francisco, California is a building originally constructed for the 1915 Panama-Pacific Exposition. ... Julia Morgan (January 20, 1872 – February 2, 1957) was an American architect. ... Piazza dItalia, New Orleans Charles Willard Moore (October 31, 1925 in Benton Harbor, Michigan – December 16, 1993 in Austin, Texas) was an American architect, educator, writer, and winner of the AIA Gold Medal in 1991. ... Eastern entrance The Walter A. Haas School of Business, better known as the Haas School of Business or simply Haas, is one of 14 schools and colleges at the University of California, Berkeley. ... Joseph Esherick (1914 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania – December 17, 1998) was an American architect, nephew of American sculptor Wharton Esherick. ...


Natural features

Strawberry Creek, as seen between Dwinelle Hall and Lower Sproul Plaza.
Strawberry Creek, as seen between Dwinelle Hall and Lower Sproul Plaza.

Flowing into the main campus are two branches of Strawberry Creek. The south fork enters a culvert upstream of the recreational complex at the mouth of Strawberry Canyon and passes beneath California Memorial Stadium before appearing again in Faculty Glade. It then runs through the center of the campus before disappearing underground at the west end of campus. The north fork appears just east of University House and runs through the glade north of the Valley Life Sciences Building, the original site of the Campus Arboretum. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (800 × 1066 pixel, file size: 692 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Strawberry Creek, which runs through the campus, between Dwinelle Hall and Lower Sproul Plaza. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (800 × 1066 pixel, file size: 692 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Strawberry Creek, which runs through the campus, between Dwinelle Hall and Lower Sproul Plaza. ... Strawberry Creek is the principal watercourse running through the City of Berkeley, California. ... Officially named California Memorial Stadium, Memorial Stadium is the current home for Cal football. ... University House. ...


Trees in the area date from the founding of the University in the 1870s. The campus, itself, contains numerous wooded areas; including: Founders' Rock, Faculty Glade, Grinnell Natural Area, and the Eucalyptus Grove, which is both the tallest stand of such trees in the world and the tallest stand of hardwood trees in North America.[38] Founders Rock On the corner of Hearst Avenue and Gayley Road, in Berkeley, California, lies the Founders Rock, the spot, according to college lore, where the 12 trustees of the College of California, the nascent University of California, Berkeley, stood on April 16, 1860, to dedicate the property they... This article is about the plant genus. ...


The campus sits on the Hayward Fault, which runs directly through California Memorial Stadium.[39] The Hayward Fault Zone is located in northern California in the San Francisco Bay Area. ... Officially named California Memorial Stadium, Memorial Stadium is the current home for Cal football. ...


Organization

Chancellors

The position of Chancellor was created in 1952 during the reorganization and expansion of the University of California; there have since been nine inaugurated chancellors (one was acting chancellor): Berkeley Davis Irvine Los Angeles Merced Riverside San Diego Santa Barbara Santa Cruz UC Office of the President in Oakland The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the state of California. ...

Chancellors of UC Berkeley Years as Chancellor
1 Clark Kerr (1952–58)
2 Glenn T. Seaborg (1958–61)
3 Edward W. Strong (1961–65)
4 Martin E. Meyerson (1965, acting)
5 Roger W. Heyns (1965–71)
6 Albert H. Bowker (1971–80)
7 Ira Michael Heyman (1980–90)
8 Chang-Lin Tien (1990–97)
9 Robert M. Berdahl (1997–2004)
10 Robert J. Birgeneau (2004–present)

Clark Kerr (May 17, 1911 – December 1, 2003) was the first Chancellor of the University of California, Berkeley (1952–1958) and the 12th President of the University of California (1958–1967). ... Glenn Theodore Seaborg (April 19, 1912 – February 25, 1999) won the 1951 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for discoveries in the chemistry of the transuranium elements,[1] contributed to the discovery and isolation of ten elements, developed the actinide concept and was the first to propose the actinide series which led... Ira Michael Heyman is an Emeritus Professor of Law and of City and Regional Planning at UC Berkeley. ... Chang-lin Tien, (田長霖, pinyin: Tián Chánglín, July 24, 1935 - October 29, 2002), as the 7th Chancellor of the University of California, Berkeley (1990-97), was the first Asian American and Chinese American to head a major U.S. university. ... Robert M. Berdahl (b. ... Robert Joseph Birgeneau, a Canadian physicist, became the 9th Chancellor of the University of California, Berkeley on September 22, 2004. ...

Colleges and schools

Haas School of Business

Berkeley's 130-plus academic departments and programs are organized into 14 unique colleges and schools. "Colleges" are both undergraduate and graduate, while "Schools" are generally graduate only, though some offer undergraduate majors, minors, or courses. Central courtyard, Haas School of Business, UC Berkeley. ... Central courtyard, Haas School of Business, UC Berkeley. ...

Eastern entrance The Walter A. Haas School of Business, better known as the Haas School of Business or simply Haas, is one of 14 schools and colleges at the University of California, Berkeley. ... The College of Chemistry is one of 14 schools and colleges at the University of California, Berkeley. ... The University of California-Berkeley Graduate School of Education is a school specializing in teacher training and education research. ... McLaughlin Hall, College of Engineering administration building. ... The College of Environmental Design (CED) of the University of California, Berkeley is located in Wurster Hall on the main Berkeley campus. ... The UC Berkeley Graduate School of Journalism is a graduate professional school on the campus of University of California at Berkeley. ... Boalt Halls law library was expanded in 1996 with the North Addition, pictured above. ... The UC Berkeley School of Information is a graduate school offering both a professional masters degree as well as a research-oriented PhD degree. ... The College of Letters and Science is the largest college at the University of California, Berkeley, and it offers the most majors of any of the colleges. ... The College of Natural Resources (CNR) is one of 14 schools and colleges at the University of California, Berkeley. ... The first School of Public Health west of the Mississippi River, UC Berkeleys School of Public Health is located on the north side of campus in Warren Hall. ... The Richard and Rhoda Goldman School of Public Policy (GSPP) is one of 14 schools and colleges at the University of California, Berkeley. ...

Academic Centers

  • Center for Middle Eastern Studies. Ambassador Farid Abboud and Ambassador Barbara

Bodine visit Berkeley[40] Category: ...


Labor unions representing UC Berkeley employees

  • UPTE University Professional and Technical Employees — health care, technical and research workers
  • CUE Coalition of University Employees — clericals
  • UC-AFT University Council-American Federation of Teachers — lecturers and librarians
  • UAW United Auto Workers — Academic student employees
  • AFSCME American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees — service workers and patient care technical employees
  • CNA California Nurses Association — Nurses

Cue may refer to one of the following. ... The United Auto Workers (UAW), officially the United Automobile, Aerospace & Agricultural Implement Workers of America International Union, is one of the largest labor unions in North America, with more than 700,000 members in the United States, Canada, and Puerto Rico organized into approximately 950 union locals. ... The American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees (AFSCME) is the second- or third-largest labor union in the United States and one of the fastest-growing, representing over 1. ... CNA might be an acronym or abbreviation for: customer name and address Certified Nursing Assistant Certified Novell Administrator This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...

Academics

Berkeley has had 20 Nobel Laureates on its faculty and 61 affiliated with the university
Berkeley has had 20 Nobel Laureates on its faculty and 61 affiliated with the university

Berkeley is a comprehensive university, offering over 7,000 courses in nearly 300 degree programs. The university awards over 5,500 bachelor's degrees, 2,000 master's degrees, 900 doctorates, and 200 law degrees each year. The student-faculty ratio is 15.5 to 1, and the average class consists of 30 students (not including discussion sections led by graduate student instructors). Class size ranges from introductory courses with hundreds of students and seminars with fewer than ten. Photograph of a special permit parking sign for Nobel laureates taken on December 14, 2003 by Minesweeper and released under terms of the GNU FDL. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Photograph of a special permit parking sign for Nobel laureates taken on December 14, 2003 by Minesweeper and released under terms of the GNU FDL. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A teaching assistant (TA) is a junior scholar employed on a temporary contract by a college or university for the purpose of assisting a professor by teaching students in recitation or discussion sessions, holding office hours, grading homework or exams, supervising labs (in science and engineering courses), and sometimes teaching...


Berkeley's current faculty includes 221 American Academy of Arts and Sciences Fellows, 2 Fields Medal winners, 83 Fulbright Scholars, 139 Guggenheim Fellows, 87 members of the National Academy of Engineering, 132 members of the National Academy of Sciences, 8 Nobel Prize winners, 3 Pulitzer Prize winners, 84 Sloan Fellows, and 7 Wolf Prize winners.[41] 61 Nobel Laureates are associated with the university, the sixth most of any university in the world; twenty have served on its faculty. (See list of distinguished Berkeley faculty.) The House of the Academy, Cambridge, Massachusetts. ... The obverse of the Fields Medal The Fields Medal is a prize awarded to two, three, or four mathematicians not over 40 years of age at each International Congress of the International Mathematical Union, a meeting that takes place every four years. ... The Fulbright Program is program of educational grants (Fulbright Fellowships) sponsored by the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs of the United States Department of State. ... Guggenheim Fellowships are awarded annually by the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation to those who have demonstrated exceptional capacity for productive scholarship or exceptional creative ability in the arts. ... Founded in 1964, the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) in the United States provides engineering leadership in service to the nation. ... President Harding and the National Academy of Sciences at the White House, Washington, DC, April 1921 The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is a corporation in the United States whose members serve pro bono as advisers to the nation on science, engineering, and medicine. ... The Nobel Prize (Swedish: ) was established in Alfred Nobels will in 1895, and it was first awarded in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace in 1901. ... The Pulitzer Prize is an American award regarded as the highest national honor in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical composition. ... The Sloan Fellows program is a mid-career masters degree in general management supported by the Alfred Sloan Foundation. ... The Wolf Prize has been awarded annually since 1978 to living scientists and artists for achievements in the interest of mankind and friendly relations among peoples . ... See also: Category:University of California, Berkeley faculty This page lists notable faculty (past and present) of the University of California, Berkeley. ...


Berkeley's enrollment of National Merit Scholars was third in the nation until 2002, when participation in the National Merit program was discontinued.[42] The National Merit Scholarship Program is an academic scholarship competition for recognition and college scholarships administered by National Merit Scholarship Corporation (NMSC), a privately funded, not-for-profit organization. ...


Berkeley awards the following degrees[43][44]: B.A., B.S., M.A., M.S., M.F.A., M.B.A., M.F.E., M.C.P., M.Arch., M.Eng., M.F., M.I.M.S., M.J., M.L.A., M.P.H., M.P.P., M.S.W., M.U.D., LL.M., Ph.D., D.Eng., Ed.D., D.O., Dr.P.H., J.D., J.S.D. A B.A. issued from the University of Tennessee. ... B.S. redirects here. ... A Master of Arts is a postgraduate academic masters degree awarded by universities in North America and the United Kingdom (excluding the ancient universities of Scotland and Oxbridge. ... A masters degree is an academic degree usually awarded for completion of a postgraduate course of one or two years in duration. ... In the United States, a Master of Fine Arts (MFA) is a terminal graduate degree in an area of visual, plastic, literary or performing arts typically requiring two to three years of study beyond the bachelor level. ... MBA redirects here. ... The Master of Urban Planning (MUP) is a two-year academic/professional Masters degree that qualifies graduates to work as urban planners. ... The Master of Architecture (M.Arch. ... A Master of Engineering (M.Eng. ... A decidous beech forest in Slovenia. ... Information management is the cibai collection and lancau management of information from one or more sources and distribution to fuck one or more audiences who have a stake in that information or a right to that information. ... Journalism is a discipline of gathering, writing and reporting news, and broadly it includes the process of editing and presenting the news articles. ... This article needs cleanup. ... The Master of Public Health (MPH) is a professional masters degree awarded for studies in areas related to public health. ... The Master of Public Policy (M.P.P.) is a professional Masters degree that traditionally provided training in policy analysis and program evaluation at public policy schools. ... The Master of Social Work (MSW) is a type of masters degree in the field of social work which is received from a graduate school that has been approved by the Council on Social Work Education. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Master of Laws is an advanced law degree, commonly abbreviated LL.M. (also LLM or LL.M) from its Latin name, Legum Magister. ... Doctor of Philosophy, abbreviated Ph. ... The Doctor of Engineering (DEng or EngD) is an academic degree awarded on the basis of advanced study and research in engineering. ... The Doctor of Education degree (Ed. ... Optometry (Greek: optos meaning eye or vision and metria meaning measurement) is a doctoral degree health care profession concerned with eyes and related structures as well as vision, visual system and vision information processing in humans. ... The Doctor of Public Health (DrPH) is an advanced professional degree for those who intend to pursue or advance a professional practice career in public health and for leaders and future leaders in public health practice. ... J.D. redirects here. ... Doctor of Laws (Latin: Legum Doctor, LL.D) is a doctorate-level academic degree in law. ...


Rankings

Sather gate and Sather tower (the Campanile) from Sproul Plaza on the UC Berkeley campus
Sather gate and Sather tower (the Campanile) from Sproul Plaza on the UC Berkeley campus

U.S. University Rankings Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2448 × 3264 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2448 × 3264 pixel, file size: 1. ... In higher education, college and university rankings are listings of universities and liberal arts colleges in an order determined by any combination of factors. ...

USNWR National University[45] 21st
USNWR Business School[46] 7th
USNWR Law School[47] 6th
USNWR Engineering School[48] 3rd
USNWR Education School[49] 8th
ARWU World[50] 3rd
ARWU National[51] 3rd
ARWU Natural Science & Math[52] 2nd
ARWU Engineering & CS[53] 4th
ARWU Life Sciences[54] 20th
ARWU Clinical Medicine[55] 32nd
ARWU Social Sciences[56] 5th
THES World[57] 11th
THES National[58] 7th
CMUP[59] 7th
Washington Monthly[60] 3rd

According to the National Research Council, Berkeley ranks first nationally in the number of graduate programs in the top ten in their fields (97%, 35 of 36 programs) and first nationally in the number of "distinguished" programs for the scholarship of the faculty (32 programs).[61] Berkeley is the only university in the nation to achieve top 5 rankings for all of its PhD programs in those disciplines covered by the US News and World Report graduate school survey. In a survey of "Top American Research Universities" released by The Center for Measuring University Performance at Arizona State University, Berkeley ranked seventh overall and first among public institutions.[62] U.S. News & World Report is a weekly newsmagazine. ... // One of the well known rankings, THES - QS publishes an annual report about world rankings. ... The Times Higher Education Supplement, known as The Times Higher for short, is a newspaper based in London, United Kingdom, that reports specifically on issues related to education. ... The Washington Monthly is a monthly magazine of United States politics and government that is based in Washington, DC. Its founder is Charles Peters, who started the magazine in 1969 and continues to write columns occasionally. ... The National Research Council (NRC) of the USA is the working arm of the United States National Academy of Sciences and the United States National Academy of Engineering, carrying out most of the studies done in their names. ... Doctor of Philosophy, abbreviated Ph. ... U.S. News & World Report is a weekly newsmagazine. ... Arizona State University (ASU) is a public research institution of higher education and research with campuses located in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area. ...


In addition to its distinguished post-graduate programs, US News also consistently ranks Berkeley as the nation’s top undergraduate public university and within the top three overall for both Undergraduate Business and Undergraduate Engineering. U.S. News & World Report recently ranked Berkeley's undergraduate program twenty-first nationally in terms of "academic excellence." In its 2007 annual college rankings, The Washington Monthly ranks Berkeley third nationally with criteria based on research, community service, and social mobility.[63] 31% of admitted students receive federal Pell grants.[64] This does not cite its references or sources. ... U.S. News & World Report is a weekly newsmagazine. ... The Washington Monthly is a monthly magazine of United States politics and government that is based in Washington, DC. Its founder is Charles Peters, who started the magazine in 1969 and continues to write columns occasionally. ... The Pell Grant program is a type of post-secondary, educational federal grant program sponsored by the U.S. Department of Education. ...


The THES - QS World University Rankings[65] ranked Berkeley eighth in the world in 2006 [4], and the Shanghai Jiao Tong University Institute for Higher Education ranked Berkeley third in the world [5] in its 2007 rankings. Those rankings were based upon alumni and faculty quality defined by academic reputation, as well as awards won, papers published, international presence, student to faculty ratio, frequency of citation by peers, and performance relative to size. In the 2006 international edition of Newsweek, Berkeley was the fifth-ranked global university.[6] The THES - QS World University Rankings is an annual publication of university rankings around the world, published by The Times Higher Education Supplement (THES) and Quacquarelli Symonds (QS). ... The Newsweek logo Newsweek is a weekly news magazine published in New York City and distributed throughout the United States and internationally. ...


Admissions

Berkeley is perennially the most selective of the institutions affiliated with the University of California, and one of the most selective universities in the United States. For the 2007-08 academic year, approximately 4387 freshman (including U.S. and international students) matriculated from an applicant pool of 44,127. The average person admitted as a freshman in 2007 had a weighted GPA of 4.25/4.00, [7] and an average score of 2029 out of 2400 (approximately 94th percentile) on the SAT admissions test. The University of California, Berkeley is among the most selective universities in the United States. ... A grade in education can mean either a teachers evaluation of a students work or a students level of educational progress, usually one grade per year (often denoted by an ordinal number, such as the 3rd Grade or the 12th Grade). This article is about evaluation of...


Graduate admissions vary by department, although in 2006 the university's doctoral programs admitted 1,058 students from a pool of 14,263 applicants.[66]

The north side of Doe Library with Memorial Glade in the foreground.

Download high resolution version (1024x768, 120 KB)Photograph of the UC Berkeley University Library taken on September 11, 2003 by Minesweeper and released under terms of the GNU FDL. See also: Smaller version File links The following pages link to this file: University of California, Berkeley User:Minesweeper/Gallery Categories... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 120 KB)Photograph of the UC Berkeley University Library taken on September 11, 2003 by Minesweeper and released under terms of the GNU FDL. See also: Smaller version File links The following pages link to this file: University of California, Berkeley User:Minesweeper/Gallery Categories...

Library system

Berkeley’s 32 libraries together tie for fourth largest academic library in the United States with University of Illinois, surpassed only by the Library of Congress, Harvard, and Yale. In 2003, the Association of Research Libraries ranked it as the top public and third overall university library in North America based on various statistical measures of quality.[67]As of 2006, Berkeley’s library system contains over 10 million volumes and maintains over 70,000 serial titles.[68] The libraries together cover over 12 acres of land and comprise one of the largest library complexes in the world.[69] Doe Library serves as the library system's reference, periodical, and administrative center, while most of the main collections are housed in the subterranean Gardner Main Stacks and Moffitt Undergraduate Library. The Bancroft Library, with holdings of over 400,000 printed volumes, maintains a collection that documents the history of the western part of North America, with an emphasis on California, Mexico and Central America. The north side of Doe Library with Memorial Glade in the foreground. ... A Corner of Main Quad The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC, U of I, or simply Illinois), is the oldest, largest, and most prestigious campus in the University of Illinois system. ... Construction of the Thomas Jefferson Building, from July 8, 1888 to May 15, 1894. ... Harvard redirects here. ... Yale redirects here. ... The Association of Research Libraries is an organization of research libraries in North America. ... North American redirects here. ... Look up million in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Bancroft Library, located at the University of California, Berkeley, was founded in 1905 with the acquisition of Hubert Howe Bancrofts collection and named in his honor. ...


Contributions to computer science

Unix, filiation of Unix systems
Unix, filiation of Unix systems

Berkeley has nurtured a number of key technologies associated with the early development of the Internet and the Free software movement. The original Berkeley Software Distribution, commonly known as BSD Unix, was assembled in 1977 by Bill Joy, then a graduate student in the computer science department. Joy, who went on to co-found Sun Microsystems, also developed the original version of vi. PostgreSQL emerged from faculty research begun in the late 1970s. Sendmail was developed at Berkeley in 1981. BIND (Berkeley Internet Name Domain package) was written by a team of graduate students around the same time period. The Tcl programming language and the Tk GUI toolkit were developed by faculty member John Ousterhout in 1988. SPICE and espresso, popular tools for IC Designers, were invented at Berkeley under the direction of Professor Donald Pederson. The RAID and RISC technologies were both developed at Berkeley under David Patterson. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The free software movement, also known as the free software philosophy, began in 1983 when Richard Stallman announced the GNU Project. ... BSD redirects here. ... Filiation of Unix and Unix-like systems Unix (officially trademarked as UNIX®, sometimes also written as or ® with small caps) is a computer operating system originally developed in 1969 by a group of AT&T employees at Bell Labs including Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie and Douglas McIlroy. ... Bill Joy William Nelson Joy (born Nov 8, 1954), commonly known as Bill Joy, is an American computer scientist. ... vi editing a temporary, empty file. ... PostgreSQL is a free software object-relational database management system (ORDBMS), released under a BSD-style license. ... Sendmail is a mail transfer agent (MTA) that is a well known project of the open source, free software and Unix communities, which is distributed both as free software and proprietary software. ... BIND (Berkeley Internet Name Domain, previously: Berkeley Internet Name Daemon) is the most commonly used DNS server on the Internet, especially on Unix-like systems, where it is a de facto standard. ... Tcl (originally from Tool Command Language, but nonetheless conventionally rendered as Tcl rather than TCL; and pronounced tickle) is a scripting language created by John Ousterhout. ... In computing, Tk is an open source, cross-platform widget toolkit, that is, a library of basic elements for building a graphical user interface (GUI). ... GUI redirects here. ... John Ousterhout is the original force behind the scripting programming language Tcl and the platform-independent GUI toolkit Tk, which he developed when he was professor at the University of California, Berkeley. ... For other uses, see Spice (disambiguation). ... Born at Hallock, Minnesota on September 30, 1925, deceased at December 25, 2004 - Concord, California, of Parkinsons Disease. ... In computing, a redundant array of inexpensive disks, also later known as redundant array of independent disks (commonly abbreviated RAID) is a system which uses multiple hard drives to share or replicate data among the drives. ... Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC), is a microprocessor CPU design philosophy that favors a smaller and simpler set of instructions that all take about the same amount of time to execute. ...


Perhaps the most influential contributions to computing from UC Berkeley have been the algorithms and analysis of floating-point arithmetic, led by Professor William Kahan. They include extensive and ongoing contributions to the IEEE 754 standard. This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... William Velvel Kahan (born June 5, 1933, in Toronto, Ontario, Canada) is an eminent mathematician and computer scientist. ... The IEEE Standard for Binary Floating-Point Arithmetic (IEEE 754) is the most widely-used standard for floating-point computation, and is followed by many CPU and FPU implementations. ...


The XCF, an undergraduate research group located in Soda Hall, has been responsible for a number of notable software projects, including GTK+, The GIMP, and the initial diagnosis of the Morris worm. In 1992 Pei-Yuan Wei, an undergraduate at the XCF, created ViolaWWW, one of the first graphical web browsers. ViolaWWW was the first browser to have embedded scriptable objects, stylesheets, and tables. In the spirit of Open Source, he donated the code to Sun Microsystems, inspiring Java applets. ViolaWWW would also inspire researchers at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications to create the Mosaic web browser. A student organization at UC Berkeley founded in 1988 by Phil Lapsley. ... GTK+, or the GIMP Toolkit, is one of the two most popular widget toolkits for the X Window System for creating graphical user interfaces. ... For other uses, see Gimp (disambiguation). ... The Morris worm or Internet worm was one of the first computer worms distributed via the Internet; it is considered the first worm and was certainly the first to gain significant mainstream media attention. ... Pei-Yuan Wei (魏培源, pinyin: Wèi Péiyuán) is a former undergraduate student at the University of California, Berkeley who created ViolaWWW, one of the first graphical web browsers. ... Screenshot of ViolaWWW ViolaWWW, first developed in the early 1990s, was the first popular web browser (though to a limited audience) which until Mosaic, was the most frequently used for access to the World Wide Web. ... An example of a Web browser (Mozilla Firefox) A web browser is a software application that enables a user to display and interact with text, images, videos, music and other information typically located on a Web page at a website on the World Wide Web or a local area network. ... Sun Microsystems, Inc. ... Java language redirects here. ... An applet is a software component that runs in the context of another program, for example a web browser. ... National Center for Supercomputing Applications NCSA Building, 1205 W. Clark St. ... Mosaic was the first popular World Wide Web browser and Gopher client. ...


SETI@home was one of the first widely disseminated distributed computing projects, allowing hobbyists and enthusiasts to participate in scientific research by donating unused computer processor cycles in the form of a screen saver. SETI@Home under classic client (version 3. ... Distributed computing is a method of computer processing in which different parts of a program are run simultaneously on two or more computers that are communicating with each other over a network. ...


In an interesting example of the confluence of disparate ideas, many of the arguments for the efficacy of Open Source software development, and of the Wikipedia project itself, find parallels in writings on urban planning and architecture published in the late 1970s by Christopher Alexander, a Berkeley professor of architecture. At the same time, John Searle, a Berkeley professor of philosophy, introduced a critique of artificial intelligence using the metaphor of a Chinese Room. Wikipedia (IPA: , or ( ) is a multilingual, web-based, free content encyclopedia project, operated by the Wikimedia Foundation, a non-profit organization. ... Christopher Alexander (born October 4, 1936 in Vienna, Austria) is an architect noted for his theories about design, and for more than 200 building projects in California, Japan, Mexico and around the world. ... This article is about building architecture. ... John Rogers Searle (born July 31, 1932 in Denver, Colorado) is the Slusser Professor of Philosophy at the University of California, Berkeley, and is noted for contributions to the philosophy of language, philosophy of mind and consciousness, on the characteristics of socially constructed versus physical realities, and on practical reason. ... AI redirects here. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Berkeley has established partnerships with Google, Intel, Microsoft, Sun Microsystems, and Yahoo!. Intel Research Berkeley's small industrial lab near the main UC Berkeley campus brings together researchers from Intel and Berkeley to pursue open and collaborative research into realms including Technology and Infrastructure for Emerging Regions, Delay Tolerant Networking, rural connectivity and networks as databases. Yahoo! Research Berkeley Labs focuses on mobile media technology and social media in a facility adjacent to the campus. Sun Microsystems, Google, and Microsoft are funding a $7.5 million dollar Reliable, Adaptive and Distributed Systems Laboratory to develop more reliable computing systems. This article is about the corporation. ... Intel Corporation (NASDAQ: INTC, SEHK: 4335), founded in 1968 as Integrated Electronics Corporation, is an American multinational corporation that is best known for designing and manufacturing microprocessors and specialized integrated circuits. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Sun Microsystems, Inc. ... Yahoo redirects here. ...


Distinguished Berkeley people

Nobel Prizes have been awarded to twenty past and present faculty, among the 61 Nobel laureates associated with the university. The Nobel Prize (Swedish: ) was established in Alfred Nobels will in 1895, and it was first awarded in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace in 1901. ... Nobel laureates on Berkeleys faculty can take advantage of special exclusive parking spaces on the Berkeley campus. ...

See also: This page lists notable alumni and students of the University of California, Berkeley. ... See also: Category:University of California, Berkeley faculty This page lists notable faculty (past and present) of the University of California, Berkeley. ... Nobel laureates on Berkeleys faculty can take advantage of special exclusive parking spaces on the Berkeley campus. ...

This page lists notable alumni and students of the University of California, Berkeley. ... This page lists notable alumni and students of the University of California, Berkeley. ... This page lists notable alumni and students of the University of California, Berkeley. ...

Student life

Image File history File links Mergefrom. ... The Associated Students of the University of California (ASUC) is the student government representing the students of UC Berkeley. ...

Athletics

Cal's sports teams compete in intercollegiate athletics as the California Golden Bears. They participate in the NCAA's Division I-A as a member of the Pacific Ten Conference. The official school colors, established in 1873 by a committee of students, are Yale Blue and California Gold.[70] Yale Blue was chosen because many of the university's founders were Yale University graduates (for example Henry Durant, the first university president), while California Gold was selected to represent the Golden State of California. Cal has a long history of excellence in athletics, having won national titles in football, men's basketball, baseball, softball, men's and women's crew, men's gymnastics, men's tennis, men's and women's swimming, men's water polo, men's track, and men's rugby. In addition, Cal athletes have won numerous individual NCAA titles in track, gymnastics, swimming and tennis. Cal Logo The California Golden Bears is the nickname used for 27 varsity athletic programs of the University of California, Berkeley. ... Cal Logo The California Golden Bears is the nickname used for 27 varsity athletic programs of the University of California, Berkeley. ... NCAA redirects here. ... The Pacific Ten Conference (Pac-10) is a college athletic conference which operates in the western United States. ... Yale redirects here. ... State nickname: The Golden State Other U.S. States Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger Official languages English Area 410,000 km² (3rd)  - Land 404,298 km²  - Water 20,047 km² (4. ...


California-Stanford Rivalry

Main articles: Big Game (football) and Big Game

The Golden Bears' traditional arch-rivalry is with the Stanford Cardinal. The most anticipated sporting event between the two universities is the annual football game dubbed the Big Game, and it is celebrated with spirit events on both campuses. Since 1933, the winner of the Big Game has been awarded custody of the Stanford Axe. This article is about the annual football game between California and Stanford. ... The Big Game is the annual football game between Stanford University and the University of California, Berkeley (known simply as California or Cal), held in November. ... Stanford redirects here. ... This article is about the annual football game between California and Stanford. ... The Stanford Axe is a trophy awarded to the winner of the annual Big Game between the University of California, Berkeley and Stanford University. ...


"The Play"


One of the most famous moments in Big Game history occurred during the 85th Big Game on November 20, 1982. In what has become known as "the band play" or simply The Play, Cal scored the winning touchdown in the final seconds with a kickoff return that involved a series of laterals and the Stanford marching band rushing onto the field. The Play refers to a last-second kickoff return during a college football game between the University of California, Berkeley (California or Cal) Golden Bears and the Stanford University Cardinal on November 20, 1982. ...


Rankings


California finished in first place[8]in the 2007-2008 Fall U.S. Sports Academy Directors' Cup standings (Formerly the Sears Cup), which measures the best overall collegiate athletic programs in the country, with points awarded for national finishes in NCAA sports. Cal finished with 370 points. California finished in ninth place[9] in the 2006-07 U.S. Sports Academy Directors' Cup. With 1030.00 points, this is Cal's highest point value in school history. California finished in sixth place[10] in the NACDA Director's Cup standings, with points awarded for national finishes in NCAA sports. With 865.5 points, Cal's seventh place finish is the highest in the school's history. The NACDA Directors Cup is an award given annually by the National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics to the colleges and universities with the most success in collegiate athletics. ...


Cal National Championships

UC Rally Committee running Cal flags across the Memorial Stadium field at the 2002 Big Game. (Note the Stanford visitors section on the left and the UC Berkeley alumni section on the right.)
UC Rally Committee running Cal flags across the Memorial Stadium field at the 2002 Big Game. (Note the Stanford visitors section on the left and the UC Berkeley alumni section on the right.)
Sport Championships
Baseball
Men's Basketball
  • (1) NCAA Championship
  • (1) NIT Championship
Men's Crew
  • (15) National Championships
Women's Crew
  • (3) National Championships
Football
  • (3) National Championships
Men's Golf
  • (1) National Championship
Men's Gymnastics
  • (4) Team NCAA Championships
  • (21) Individual NCAA Champions
Men's Lacrosse
  • (1) USLIA MDIA National Championship
Men's Rugby
  • (23) National Championships
Softball
  • (1) NCAA championship
Men's Swimming
  • (2) Team NCAA Championships
  • (42) Individual NCAA Champions
  • (12) NCAA Relay Championships
Women's Swimming
  • (21) Individual NCAA Champions
  • (2) NCAA Relay Championships
Men's Tennis
  • (1) NCAA Championship
  • (2) NCAA Singles Champions
  • (9) NCAA Doubles Championships
Women's Tennis
  • (4) NCAA Doubles Championships
  • (1) NCAA Singles Champion
Men's Track & Field
  • (1) NCAA Team Championship
  • (30) Individual NCAA Champions
Women's Track & Field
  • (4) Individual NCAA Champions
Men's Water Polo
  • (13) NCAA Championships
Total Team Championships 71

Rally Committee flags at the 2002 Berkeley-Stanford Big Game. ... Rally Committee flags at the 2002 Berkeley-Stanford Big Game. ... This article is about the annual football game between California and Stanford. ... The College World Series is the tournament which determines the NCAA Division I collegiate baseball champion. ...

Traditions

The official university mascot is Oski the Bear, who first debuted in 1941. Previously, live bear cubs were used as mascots at Memorial Stadium. It was decided in 1940 that a costumed mascot would be a better alternative to a live bear. Named after the Oski-wow-wow yell, he is cared for by the Oski Committee, who have exclusive knowledge of the identity of the costume-wearer.[71] Oski or Oski the Bear (named after the Oski Wow-Wow yell) is the official mascot of the University of California, Berkeley and was introduced in 1941. ... Officially named California Memorial Stadium, Memorial Stadium is the current home for Cal football. ... The Oski Yell is the University of California Berkeley spirit yell from which Cals mascot, Oski the Bear, derives his name. ...


The University of California Marching Band, which has served the university since 1891, performs at every home football game and at select road games as well. A smaller subset of the Cal Band, the Straw Hat Band, performs at basketball games, volleyball games, and other campus and community events.[72] The Cal Band is the marching band for the University of California, Berkeley. ...


The UC Rally Committee, formed in 1901, is the official guardian of California's Spirit and Traditions. Wearing their traditional blue and gold rugbies, Rally Committee members can be seen at all major sporting and spirit events. Committee members are charged with the maintenance of the five Cal flags, the large California banner overhanging the Memorial Stadium Student Section and Haas Pavilion, the California Victory Cannon, Card Stunts and The Big "C" among other duties. The Rally Committee is also responsible for safekeeping of the Stanford Axe when it is in Cal's possession.[73] The Chairman of the Rally Committee holds the title "Custodian of the Axe" while it is in the Committee's care. University of California Rally Committe logo as designed by former members Mary Ann King and Thomas Leroe-Munoz The University of California Rally Committee (also known as the Rally Committee or Rally Comm) is one of the oldest and largest student organizations on the UC Berkeley campus. ... The Haas Pavilion (formally Walter A. Haas, Jr. ... The Big C Today The Big C is a giant cement block C built into the Berkeley Hills overlooking the University of California, Berkeley. ... For the rugby league player nicknamed The Axe, see Trevor Gillmeister The Stanford Axe is a trophy awarded to the winner of the annual Big Game between the University of California, Berkeley and Stanford University. ...


Overlooking the main Berkeley campus from the foothills in the east, The Big "C" is an important symbol of California school spirit. The Big "C" has its roots in an early 20th century campus event called "Rush," which pitted the freshman and sophomore classes against each other in a race up Charter Hill that often developed into a wrestling match. It was eventually decided to discontinue Rush and, in 1905, the freshman and sophomore classes banded together in a show of unity to build The Big "C".[74] Owing to its prominent position, the Big C is often the target of pranks by rival Stanford University students who paint the Big C red and also fraternities and sororities who paint it their organization's colors. One of the Rally Committee's functions is to repaint The Big "C" to its traditional color of King Alfred Yellow. The Big C Today The Big C is a giant cement block C built into the Berkeley Hills overlooking the University of California, Berkeley. ... The Big C Today The Big C is a giant cement block C built into the Berkeley Hills overlooking the University of California, Berkeley. ... The Big C Today The Big C is a giant cement block C built into the Berkeley Hills overlooking the University of California, Berkeley. ... Stanford redirects here. ... The Big C Today The Big C is a giant cement block C built into the Berkeley Hills overlooking the University of California, Berkeley. ...


Cal students invented the college football tradition of card stunts. Then known as Bleacher Stunts, they were first performed during the 1910 Big Game and consisted of two stunts: a picture of the Stanford Axe and a large blue "C" on a white background. The tradition continues today in the Cal student section and incorporates complicated motions, for example tracing the Cal script logo on a blue background with an imaginary yellow pen.[75] Large card stunt performed at the 2004 Rose Bowl Game, note instruction on screen Card stunts are a pre-planned, coordinated sequence of actions performed by an audience where they raise cards that, in the aggregate, create a recognizable image. ... The Big Game is the annual football game between Stanford University and the University of California, Berkeley (known simply as California or Cal), held in November. ... For the rugby league player nicknamed The Axe, see Trevor Gillmeister The Stanford Axe is a trophy awarded to the winner of the annual Big Game between the University of California, Berkeley and Stanford University. ...


The California Victory Cannon, placed on Tightwad Hill overlooking the stadium, is fired before every football home game, after every score, and after every Cal victory. First used in the 1963 Big Game, it was originally placed on the sidelines before moving to Tightwad Hill in 1971. The only time the cannon ran out of ammunition was during a game against Pacific in 1991, when Cal scored 12 touchdowns.[76] November 4, 2006, Cal Bears vs. ... November 4, 2006, Cal Bears vs. ...


Other traditions have included events which span only a period of a few years. William (or Willie) the Polka Dot Man was a performance artist who frequented Sproul Plaza during the late 1970s and early 1980s.[77] The Naked Guy (now deceased[78]) and Larry the Drummer, who performed Batman tunes, appeared in the late 1980s and early 1990s.[79][80]


Student housing

Cunningham Hall and the newly-built Towle Hall, part of the Unit 2 residence hall complex
Cunningham Hall and the newly-built Towle Hall, part of the Unit 2 residence hall complex
Bowles Hall, as seen at the 2003 Homecoming and Parents Weekend
Bowles Hall, as seen at the 2003 Homecoming and Parents Weekend

UC Berkeley's student housing accommodates a variety of personal and academic preferences and styles. Presently, the university offers two years of guaranteed housing for entering freshmen, and one year for entering transfer students. The immediately surrounding community offers apartments, Greek (fraternity and sorority) housing, and student housing co-ops. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 1866 KB) A view of the Cunningham (left) and Towle (right) buildings in the Unit 2 Housing Complex at UC Berkeley. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 1866 KB) A view of the Cunningham (left) and Towle (right) buildings in the Unit 2 Housing Complex at UC Berkeley. ... Image File history File links Bowles. ... Image File history File links Bowles. ... Bowles Hall is an all-male residence dormitory at the University of California, Berkeley. ... The University Students Cooperative Association or USCA is a student housing cooperative serving primarily the University of California, Berkeley but open to any student living in or near Berkeley, California. ...

There are four residence hall complexes south of campus in the City of Berkeley: Units 1, 2, 3, and Clark Kerr. Units 1, 2 and 3 offer high-rise accommodations with common areas on every other floor. Dining commons and other central facilities are shared by the high-rises. Because of their communal design and location in the city, these residence halls tend to be the more social of the housing options. Units 1 and 2 also have many of the newest residence hall buildings, which are intended for continuing and transfer students.[81] Just outside these complexes are the Channing-Bowditch and Ida Jackson apartments, also intended for older students.[82] Farther away from campus is Clark Kerr, a residence hall complex that houses many student athletes and was once a school for the deaf and blind. This complex is considered the most spacious and luxurious accommodation south of campus. The University of California, Berkeley has various student housing facilities, some run by the office of Residential and Student Service Programs, and others by off-campus entities. ...


In the foothills, east of the central campus, there are three additional residence hall complexes: Foothill, Stern, and Bowles. Foothill is a co-ed suite-style hall reminiscent of a Swiss chalet. Just south of Foothill, overlooking the Hearst Greek Theatre, is the all-girls traditional-style Stern Hall, which boasts an original mural by Diego Rivera. Because of their proximity to the College of Engineering and College of Chemistry, these residence halls often house science and engineering majors. They tend to be quieter than the southside complexes, but because of their location next to the theatre, often get free glimpses of concerts. Bowles Hall, the oldest state-owned residence hall in California, is located immediately north of California Memorial Stadium. Dedicated in 1929 and on the National Register of Historic Places, this all-men’s residence hall has large quad-occupancy rooms and has the appearance of a castle. This residence hall is like a fraternity, with many of its residents staying all four years. However, in 2005 the university decided to limit Bowles to freshmen because of complaints that it had become too raucous and was jeopardizing the learning environment.[83] Bowles houses was once ranked as one of Playboy Magazine's top-10 college parties during Halloween, however the university within the past few years has cracked down on this activity. Currently, the residence is being courted by the Haas School of Business to become housing for scholars and business professionals who visit Berkeley.[84] There is a great deal of opposition to this plan, and no final decisions have been made. Sign at the front entrance to the Greek Theatre The William Randolph Hearst Greek Theatre, known locally as simply the Greek Theatre, is an 8,500-seat amphitheater owned and operated by the University of California, Berkeley in Berkeley, California, USA. The Greek Theatre hosts pop, rock, and world music... Diego Rivera (December 8, 1886 – November 24, 1957, born Diego María de la Concepción Juan Nepomuceno Estanislao de la Rivera y Barrientos Acosta y Rodríguez in Guanajuato, Gto. ... McLaughlin Hall, College of Engineering administration building. ... The College of Chemistry is one of 14 schools and colleges at the University of California, Berkeley. ... Telegraph Avenue during a street fair. ... Bowles Hall is an all-male residence dormitory at the University of California, Berkeley. ... Officially named California Memorial Stadium, Memorial Stadium is the current home for Cal football. ... A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ... Playboy is an adult entertainment magazine, or pornography magazine, founded in 1953 by Hugh Hefner, which has grown into Playboy Enterprises, Inc. ... Eastern entrance The Walter A. Haas School of Business, better known as the Haas School of Business or simply Haas, is one of 14 schools and colleges at the University of California, Berkeley. ...


Family student housing consists of two main groups of housing: University Village and Smyth-Fernwald. University Village is located three miles (5 km) north-west of campus in Albany, California. The demolition of older buildings and their subsequent replacement with new, more expensive apartment units has prompted student protests. The Village Residents Association, a funding and advocacy group in University Village, filmed a video documentary regarding the lack of affordable student family housing in June, 2007.[85] Smyth-Fernwald is scheduled for demolition in 2010. UC Village, also called University Village, is a housing community for married students owned and administered by the University of California, Berkeley. ... The city of Albany highlighted within Alameda County Albany is a city in Alameda County, California, United States. ...


Student groups

Cal Straw Hat Band (a smaller subset of the Cal Band) playing at SeaWorld in San Diego, California.
Cal Straw Hat Band (a smaller subset of the Cal Band) playing at SeaWorld in San Diego, California.

UC Berkeley has over 700 established student groups. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... SeaWorld San Diego is a theme park located in San Diego, California. ... San Diego redirects here. ...


UC Berkeley has a reputation for student activism, stemming from the 1960s and the Free Speech Movement. Today, Berkeley is known as a lively campus with activism in many forms, from email petitions, presentations on Sproul Plaza and volunteering, to the occasional protest. Political student groups on campus numbered 94 in 2006-2007 school year, including Berkeley ACLU, Berkeley Students for Life, Campus Greens, Cal Berkeley Democrats, and the Berkeley College Republicans. Berkeley sends the most students to the Peace Corps of any university in the nation.[86] Students occupying Sheffield town hall over the introduction of higher education fees Student activism is work done by students to effect political, environmental, economic, or social change. ... The Free Speech Movement was a student protest which began in 1964 - 1965 on the campus of the University of California, Berkeley under the informal leadership of student Mario Savio and others. ... A March 20, 2003 rally against the War in Iraq on the steps of Sproul Plaza, held by the Berkeley Stop the War Coalition. ... The American Civil Liberties Union, or ACLU, is a non_governmental organization devoted to defending civil rights and civil liberties in the United States. ... It has been suggested that Crisis corps be merged into this article or section. ...


The IDEAL Scholars Fund was established by four alumni to increase the number of underrepresented minorities at UC Berkeley. The Fund tries to counter the perceived effects of California Proposition 209, which ended Affirmative Action in California and in the University of California system. Some claimed there was a reduction in the numbers of Latino, African American and Native American students and rekindled their activism on campus concerning issues of race. However, supporters of Proposition 209 have noted that the number of Asian American students, a small minority group, has dramatically increased following its passage. Racial preferences remain a controversial topic, with some students supporting them while many others are opposed to what they see as reverse racism. The Initiative for Diversity in Education and Leadership (IDEAL) Scholars Fund, a program of the Level Playing Field Institute, was founded in 2001 by a group of University of California, Berkeley alumni, including Freada Klein. ... Proposition 209, a voter referendum passed in 1996, outlaws discrimination and preferential treatment based on race, sex, color, ethnicity, or national origin in the operation of public employment, public education, or public contracting. ... Manifestations Slavery Racial profiling Lynching Hate speech Hate crime Genocide (examples) Ethnocide Ethnic cleansing Pogrom Race war Religious persecution Blood libel Paternalism Police brutality Movements Policies Discriminatory Race / Religion / Sex segregation Apartheid Redlining Internment Ethnocracy Anti-discriminatory Affirmative action in the United States Emancipation Civil rights Desegregation Integration Equal opportunity... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Berkeley Davis Irvine Los Angeles Merced Riverside San Diego Santa Barbara Santa Cruz UC Office of the President in Oakland The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the state of California. ... Proposition 209, a voter referendum passed in 1996, outlaws discrimination and preferential treatment based on race, sex, color, ethnicity, or national origin in the operation of public employment, public education, or public contracting. ...


The Associated Students of the University of California (ASUC) is the student government organization that controls funding for student groups and organizes on-campus student events. It is considered one of the most autonomous student governments at any public university in the U.S. The Associated Students of the University of California (ASUC) is the student government representing the students of UC Berkeley. ... A students union, student government, or student council is a student organization present at many colleges and universities, often with its own building on the campus, dedicated to social and organizational activities of the student body. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ...


UC Berkeley's independent student-run newspaper is The Daily Californian. Founded in 1871, The Daily Cal became independent in 1971 after the campus administration fired three senior editors for encouraging readers to take back People's Park. The Daily Californian (or Daily Cal) is an independent, student-run newspaper that serves the University of California, Berkeley campus and its surrounding community. ... Peoples Park, Berkeley Peoples Park in Berkeley, California, USA is a park off Telegraph Avenue, bounded by Haste and Bowditch Streets and Dwight Way, near the University of California, Berkeley. ...


Berkeley's FM radio station, KALX, broadcasts on 90.7 MHz. It is run largely by volunteers, including both students and community members. KALX is a freeform FM radio station that broadcasts from the University of California, Berkeley in Berkeley, California. ...


Berkeley Model United Nations is the oldest running high school Model United Nations conference in the nation holding an annual conference on campus with over 1500 high school students participating.


Berkeley's student-run television station, CalTV, was formed in 2005 and broadcasts online. It is run by students with a variety of backgrounds and majors. CalTV is UC Berkeleys online television station. ...


Democratic Education at Cal, or DeCal, is a program that promotes the creation of professor-sponsored, student-facilitated classes through the Special Studies 98/198 program. DeCal arose out of the 1960s Free Speech movement and was officially established in 1981. The program offers some 150 courses on a vast range of subjects that appeal to the Berkeley student community, including classes on The Simpsons, Poker, South Park, Superman, Batman, The Iranian Revolution, conspiracy theories, political debate, meditation and DJing.[11] The Free Speech Movement was a student protest which began in 1964 - 1965 on the campus of the University of California, Berkeley under the informal leadership of student Mario Savio and others. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... For the domestic fireplace tool, see fireplace poker. ... This article is about the TV series. ... Superman is a fictional character and comic book superhero , originally created by American writer Jerry Siegel and Canadian artist Joe Shuster and published by DC Comics. ... Batman (originally referred to as the Bat-Man and still referred to at times as the Batman) is a DC Comics fictional superhero who first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in May 1939. ... For other uses, see Conspiracy theory (disambiguation). ... Politics is the process by which decisions are made within groups. ... Debate (North American English) or debating (British English) is a formal method of interactive and position representational argument. ... For other senses of this word, see Meditation (disambiguation). ... For other meanings of DJ, see DJ (disambiguation). ...


UC Berkeley's anime club, Cal Animage Alpha, founded in 1989 is one of the oldest in the west coast, and achieved distinction for having the most members of all clubs outside of Japan in its 1994 year with over 300 members.


Ethnic enrollment

Ethnicity, 2007[87] Under-
graduates
Graduate
students
African American 3% 3%
Asian American and Pacific Islander 42% 18%
Hispanic or Chicano 12% 6%
Native American <1% 1%
White 31% 44%
International 3% 18%

The plurality of Asian American students at Berkeley vis a vis the population of California was featured in an New York Times article.[88] An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... An Asian American is a person of Asian ancestry or origin who was born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ... Hispanic (Spanish: ; Portuguese: ; Latin: , adjective from Hispānia, the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula) is a term that historically denoted relation to the ancient Hispania and its peoples. ... For other uses, see Chicano (disambiguation). ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... The term white American (often used interchangeably and incorrectly with Caucasian American[2] and within the United States simply white[3]) is an umbrella term that refers to people of European descent residing in the United States. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ...


A Capella

A cappella holds a strong tradition at Cal. The California Golden Overtones, founded in 1993, are a female a cappella group. In 2001 the group placed second in the International Championship of Collegiate A Cappella (ICCA). Each Friday at 1 o'clock, the group can be seen performing for students and the general public just outside Sather Gate on UC Berkeley's campus. The International Championship of Collegiate A Cappella, originally the National Championship of Collegiate A Cappella, is an international competition that attracts hundreds of college a cappella groups each year. ...


The UC Men's Octet is an eight-member a cappella group founded in 1948. They are the only multiple time champions of the ICCA, having won the championship in both 1998 and 2000. The eight men can be seen performing every Wednesday outside Sather Gate at 1 o'clock. The International Championship of Collegiate A Cappella, originally the National Championship of Collegiate A Cappella, is an international competition that attracts hundreds of college a cappella groups each year. ...


Fraternities and sororities

Main article: List of fraternities and sororities at University of California, Berkeley

Names

At the time of its founding, Berkeley was the first full-curriculum public university in the state of California and thus was known as the University of California. As occurred in other states with only a single major public university, University of California was frequently shortened to California or Cal, for ease of identification. Because the school's long sports tradition stretches back to an era before the founding of the other University of California branches, its athletic teams continue to be designated as California Golden Bears, Cal Bears, or simply, Cal.


As a reflection of the University of California's development into a multi-institutional university system, the term University of California is no longer applied to the campus outside of varsity sports; the official name is University of California, Berkeley. Informally, the campus is called UC Berkeley, Berkeley, or Cal, which are all official variations. The term University of California has come to refer to the entire University of California system. The campus office for trademarks disallows the use of Cal Berkeley,[89] though it is occasionally used colloquially. Unlike most University of California campuses, which are commonly known by their initials, usage of UCB is discouraged (as is University of California at Berkeley), and the domain name is berkeley.edu. While ucb.edu and ucberkeley.edu are also registered by the school, they are not actively used.


Berkeley is sometimes confused with Berklee College of Music, a private music school in Boston, Massachusetts, or Berkeley College, a private college with campuses in New York and New Jersey; it is not affiliated with either. Berklee College of Music, founded in 1945, is an independent music college in Boston, Massachusetts with many prominent faculty, staff, alumni, and visiting artists. ... Boston redirects here. ... Berkeley College is a private college specializing in business, with five campuses in New York and New Jersey. ... This article is about the state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


Relationship with the United States military

The military has been and continues to be an integral part of UC Berkeley's history since the university's birth. In fact, military training was compulsory at the university from 1870 to 1962.


The University of California came into being in 1868 as a merger between the College of California (a private institution incorporated in 1855 that was constrained by its limited finances) and the Agricultural, Mining, and Mechanical Arts College (a public institution formed in 1866). The latter was created by the state legislature after it took advantage of the federal Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act of 1862, which offered states a grant of public land if they would establish a public college teaching agriculture, mechanical arts, and military tactics. Morrill Act redirects here. ...


Thus the precursor to the army's Reserve Officer Training Corps was born. In exchange for California's share of 150,000 acres (600 km²), the first male undergraduates at the new University of California were required to serve two hours per week for four years being trained in tactics, dismounted drill, marksmanship, camp duty, military engineering, and fortifications. North Hall, which no longer exists, housed an armory. ROTC links here. ...


The university president's report from 1902 states that "The University Cadets from last year numbered no less than 866. Appointments as second lieutenants in the regular army have been conferred upon several men who have distinguished themselves as officers in the University Cadets. It is very much to be hoped that the War Department will establish permanently the policy of offering such appointments to the graduates of each year who show the highest ability in military pursuits."


In 1904, the service requirement was dropped to two years, and in 1917, Cal's ROTC was established more or less as it exists today with ROTC programs for the four main branches of the military.


Commander Chester W. Nimitz established the Naval ROTC at Cal in the fall of 1926. Transferred in June 1929, Captain Nimitz left a unit of 150 midshipmen enrolled with a staff of six commissioned and six petty officers. Fleet Admiral Chester Nimitz never lost his admiration of Cal, and he retired in Berkeley. Many artifacts and documents from that time were lost when peace activists burned the NROTC's Callahan Hall to the ground one night in 1984. War correspondent Cork Graham was a midshipman here in 1983, just before he was held by the Socialist Republic of Vietnam on charges of spying for the CIA the same year. Chester William Nimitz (February 24, 1885 – February 20, 1966) was the Commander in Chief of Pacific Forces for the United States and Allied forces during World War II. He was the United States leading authority on submarines, as well as Chief of the Navys Bureau of Navigation in 1939. ... A war correspondent is a journalist who covers stories firsthand from a war zone. ... The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a country in Southeast Asia. ... The CIA Seal The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is an American intelligence agency, responsible for obtaining and analyzing information about foreign governments, corporations, and individuals, and reporting such information to the various branches of the U.S. Government. ...


During World War II, the military increased its presence on campus to churn out recruits from the officer training corps. The army program took over Bowles Hall, a dormitory, and the naval program took over the International House and several fraternities for its trainees. By 1944, more than 1,000 navy personnel were studying at Cal, roughly one out of every four male Berkeley students. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Bowles Hall is an all-male residence dormitory at the University of California, Berkeley. ...


With the end of the war and the subsequent rise of student activism, the California Board of Regents succumbed to pressure from the student government and ended compulsory military training at Berkeley in 1962.


Former secretary of defense Robert McNamara and former Army chief of staff Frederick C. Weyand are both graduates of Cal's ROTC program. For the figure skater, see Robert McNamara (figure skater). ... GEN Frederick C. Weyand Frederick Carlton Weyand was born in Arbuckle, California, on (September 15, 1916). ...


Notes

  1. ^ UC Annual Endowment Report, Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2007. Office of the Treasurer of the Regents of the University of California (2008). Retrieved on 2008-03-28.
  2. ^ University of California Financial Reports
  3. ^ Faculty Guide to Campus Life. University of California, Berkeley. Retrieved on 2008-1-31.
  4. ^ University of California Financial Reports
  5. ^ a b UC Berkeley - About UC Berkeley - History
  6. ^ Douglass, J.A. The Conditions for Admission. 2007. pg 21. http://books.google.com/books?id=hWbr2DJDq30C&printsec=frontcover
  7. ^ University of California History Digital Archives
  8. ^ Days of Cal | A Brief History of Cal: Part 2
  9. ^ University of California History Digital Archives
  10. ^ University of California History Digital Archives
  11. ^ Manhattan Project Chronology | The Manhattan Project: Making the Atomic Bomb | History of the Atomic Age | atomicarchive.com
  12. ^ http://www.childrenofthemanhattanproject.org/HISTORY/H-06c11.htm
  13. ^ The Loyalty Oath Controversy, University of California, 1949-1951
  14. ^ The Daily Californian
  15. ^ http://www.leginfo.ca.gov/.const/.article_20
  16. ^ The Daily Californian
  17. ^ Days of Cal | A Brief History of Cal: Part 2
  18. ^ Days of Cal | Berkeley in the 60s
  19. ^ "Berkeley in the 60s", Bancroft Library web exhibit. Ironically, People's Park remained an empty lot long after, and was eventually used by the university for other purposes. Online at http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/CalHistory/60s.html; Jeffery Kahn, "Ronald Reagan launched political career using the Berkeley campus as a target", UC Berkeley News (8 June 2004). Available online at http://www.berkeley.edu/news/media/releases/2004/06/08_reagan.shtml.
  20. ^ Doty, Meriah (February 5, 2004), "Examining Berkeley's liberal legacy", CNN, <http://www.cnn.com/2004/ALLPOLITICS/01/09/elec04.berkeley/>. Retrieved on 20 February 2008
  21. ^ Powell, Bonnie Azab (January 24, 2005). Web Feature. UC Berkeley News. Retrieved on 2008-02-29.
  22. ^ Ilves, Luukas (November 10, 2006). Stanford Republicans Revived. The Stanford Review. Retrieved on 2008-02-29.
  23. ^ Tierney, John (November 18, 2004), "Republicans Outnumbered in Academia, Studies Find", New York Times, <http://www.nytimes.com/2004/11/18/education/18faculty.html>. Retrieved on 16 January 2008
  24. ^ Paddock, Richard (January 12, 2008), "UC Berkeley's bones of contention", Los Angeles Times, <http://www.latimes.com/news/local/la-adme-bones13jan13,0,2942194.story?coll=la-home-local>. Retrieved on 13 January 2008
  25. ^ Krupnik, Matt (January 11, 2008), "Animal rights activists protest at Cal", The Daily Argus, <http://www.insidebayarea.com/argus/localnews/ci_7941998>. Retrieved on 13 January 2008
  26. ^ McKinley, Jesse (September 7, 2007), "University Fences In a Berkeley Protest, and a New One Arises", New York Times, <http://www.nytimes.com/2007/09/13/education/13trees.html>. Retrieved on 11 January 2008
  27. ^ McKinley, Jesse (December 4, 2006), "Fighting to Save the Really Cheap Seats", New York Times, <http://www.nytimes.com/2006/12/04/sports/ncaafootball/04tightwad.html>. Retrieved on 25 February 2008
  28. ^ La Ganga, Maria L.. "A money gap and a brain drain; UC Berkeley, long on reputation but short on funding, is losing talent.", Los Angeles Times, 2006-10-28. Retrieved on 2008-04-12. 
  29. ^ Paddock, Richard C.. "Less to bank on at state universities", The Los Angeles Times, October 6, 2007. Retrieved on 2007-10-06. 
  30. ^ Schevitz, Tanya. "Cal given $10 million by Dow Chemical to work on sustainability", The San Francisco Chronicle, October 31, 2007. Retrieved on 2007-10-31. 
  31. ^ a b c Brenneman, Richard. "UC Signs BP Contract", Berkeley Daily Planet, November 13, 2007. Retrieved on 2007-11-15. 
  32. ^ Brenneman, Richard. "UC Academic Senate Confirms BP Contract", Berkeley Daily Planet, April 20, 2007. Retrieved on 2007-11-15. 
  33. ^ Burress, Charles. "UC Berkeley, BP finally sign contract for research project", November 15, 2007. Retrieved on 2007-11-14. 
  34. ^ Partial recording of UC Berkeley academic senate deliberation on proposed BP deal (April 24, 2007). Retrieved on 2008-1-24.
  35. ^ UCBerkeleyNews (November 14, 2007). "Energy Biosciences Institute contract signed". Press release. Retrieved on 2007-11-14.
  36. ^ Online Exhibit on the Hearst Architectural Competition
  37. ^ McCoy, Esther (1960). Five California Architects. New York: Reinhold Publishing Corporation, 6. ASIN B000I3Z52W. 
  38. ^ UC Berkeley Strawberry Creek
  39. ^ Hayward Fault: UC Berkeley. seismo.berkeley.edu. Retrieved on 2008-04-13.
  40. ^ Ambassador Farid Abboud and Ambassador Barbara Bodine visit Berkeley. Retrieved on 2007-08-13.
  41. ^ About UC Berkeley: Honors and Awards
  42. ^ University of California - UC Newsroom | Six UC campuses to redirect national merit funding to other merit-based scholarships
  43. ^ Undergraduate Majors and Degrees. University of California, Berkeley. Retrieved on 2008-02-12.
  44. ^ Graduate Degrees and Certificates. University of California, Berkeley. Retrieved on 2008-02-12.
  45. ^ U.S. News and World Report (2008). America's Best Colleges 2008: National Universities: Top Schools. U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved on 2008-02-18.
  46. ^ U.S. News and World Report (2007). America's Best Graduate Schools 2008: Top Business Schools. U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved on 2008-02-18.
  47. ^ U.S. News and World Report (2007). America's Best Graduate Schools 2008: Top Law Schools. U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved on 2008-02-18.
  48. ^ U.S. News and World Report (2007). America's Best Graduate Schools 2008: Top Engineering Schools. U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved on 2008-02-18.
  49. ^ U.S. News and World Report (2007). America's Best Graduate Schools 2008: Top Education Schools. U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved on 2008-02-18.
  50. ^ Shanghai Jiao Tong University (2007). Academic Ranking of World Universities 2007. Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Retrieved on 2008-02-19.
  51. ^ Shanghai Jiao Tong University (2007). Academic Ranking of World Universities 2007. Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Retrieved on 2008-02-19.
  52. ^ Shanghai Jiao Tong University (2008). Top 100 world universities in Natural Sciences and Mathematics. Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Retrieved on 2008-02-19.
  53. ^ Shanghai Jiao Tong University (2008). Top 100 world universities in Engineering/Technology and Computer Sciences. Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Retrieved on 2008-02-19.
  54. ^ Shanghai Jiao Tong University (2008). Top 100 world universities in Life and Agriculture Sciences. Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Retrieved on 2008-02-19.
  55. ^ Shanghai Jiao Tong University (2008). Top 100 world universities in Clinical Medicine and Pharmacy. Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Retrieved on 2008-02-19.
  56. ^ Shanghai Jiao Tong University (2008). Top 100 world universities in Social Sciences. Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Retrieved on 2008-02-19.
  57. ^ The Times (2006). World University Rankings. The Times Higher Educational Supplement. Retrieved on 2007-04-15.
  58. ^ The Times (2006). World University Rankings. The Times Higher Educational Supplement. Retrieved on 2007-04-15.
  59. ^ CMUP (2006). The Top American Research Universities: 2006 Annual Report (PDF). Center for Measuring University Performance. Retrieved on 2007-04-15.
  60. ^ The Washington Monthly (2007). The Washington Monthly National University Rankings (PDF). The Washington Monthly. Retrieved on 2008-02-20.
  61. ^ UC Berkeley Honors & Awards: Graduate Program Rankings
  62. ^ The Center for Measuring University Performance at Arizona State University
  63. ^ "National Universities", The Washington Monthly, August 2007. Retrieved on 2007-08-21. 
  64. ^ "Economic Diversity Among All National Universities", US News and World Report, <http://colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/usnews/edu/college/rankings/brief/natudoc_ecodiv_brief.php>. Retrieved on 10 August 2007
  65. ^ [1] — A 2006 ranking from the THES - QS of the world’s research universities.
  66. ^ UC Berkeley Performance Metrics
  67. ^ 06.20.2002 - UC Berkeley library is top-ranked among North American public university research libraries
  68. ^ What's New in the Library
  69. ^ 06.12.97 - New addition to UC Berkeley Main Library dedicated to former UC President David Gardner
  70. ^ Resource: Student history
  71. ^ California Golden Bears - Traditions
  72. ^ University of California Marching Band ~ About Us
  73. ^ UC Rally Committee | Home
  74. ^ Days of Cal | Bear Traditions
  75. ^ California Golden Bears - Traditions
  76. ^ California Golden Bears - Traditions
  77. ^ 08.15.2002 - The quintessential campus cop
  78. ^ USATODAY.com - Former Berkeley student known as 'Naked Guy' dies in jail
  79. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrew_Martinez
  80. ^ 08.15.2002 - The quintessential campus cop
  81. ^ 01.11.2005 - New residence halls, new students arrive for spring semester
  82. ^ http://www.housing.berkeley.edu/livingatcal/channing_bowditch.html - http://www.housing.berkeley.edu/livingatcal/jackson_house.html
  83. ^ The Daily Californian
  84. ^ contracostatimes.com: Haas eyes residence hall to house program
  85. ^ Affordable Student Family Housing - UC Berkeley
  86. ^ Berkeley
  87. ^ Cal Stats Brochure. UCB Office of Planning and Analysis. Retrieved on 2008-04-01.
  88. ^ Timothy, Egan (January 7, 2007), "Little Asia on the Hill", New York Times, <http://www.nytimes.com/2007/01/07/education/edlife/07asian.html>. Retrieved on 16 January 2008
  89. ^ Editorial style guide (pdf); see also [2], [3]

2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 87th day of the year (88th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Saudi Arabias religious authority endorses plan by King Fahd to modernize the holy sites of Mecca. ... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... January 24, 2005 Conflict in Iraq: A suicide car bomb is detonated near interim Prime Minister Iyad Allawis Iraqi National Accord party office. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... February 29 is a day added into a leap year of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Stanford Review is a conservative student-run newspaper at Stanford University. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... February 29 is a day added into a leap year of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 18, 2004 2004 U.S. presidential election controversy: According to a report called The Effect of Electronic Voting Machines on Change in Support for Bush in the 2004 Florida Elections[1] George W. Bush received between 130,000 and 260,000 faulty votes in Florida. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... 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Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 102nd day of the year (103rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Los Angeles Times (also L.A. Times) is a daily newspaper published in Los Angeles, California and distributed throughout the Western United States. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The San Francisco Chronicle, the self-described Voice of the West, is Northern Californias largest newspaper. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Berkeley Daily Planet is a free, twice-weekly newspaper published in Berkeley, California, named after the fictional Daily Planet that employs Superman in his guise as Clark Kent. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Berkeley Daily Planet is a free, twice-weekly newspaper published in Berkeley, California, named after the fictional Daily Planet that employs Superman in his guise as Clark Kent. ... is the 110th day of the year (111th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... For information on Wikipedia press releases, see Wikipedia:Press releases. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Esther McCoy (November 18, 1904–December 30, 1989) was an author and architectural historian who was instrumental in bringing to the attention of the world the modern architecture of California. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 103rd day of the year (104th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 225th day of the year (226th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... [[Media:Italic text]]{| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... [[Media:Italic text]]{| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... [[Media:Italic text]]{| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... [[Media:Italic text]]{| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... [[Media:Italic text]]{| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... [[Media:Italic text]]{| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... [[Media:Italic text]]{| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 105th day of the year (106th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 105th day of the year (106th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 105th day of the year (106th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... U.S. News & World Report is a weekly newsmagazine. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with The Times Higher Education Supplement. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ...

References

  • Owens, Eric (2004). America's Best Value Colleges. The Princeton Review. ISBN 0-375-76373-2. 
  • A Brief History of the University of California, Berkeley
  • Brief History of the University from official website
  • Berkeley: Historical Overview from University of California Digital Archives
  • Atomicarchive.com
  • Manhattan Project Heritage Preservation Association
  • Cal Traditions 101
  • Cal Band
  • University of California Rally Committee
  • Cal Athletics
  • UC Berkeley Residential and Student Programs
  • Landscape plan

Further reading

  • Brechin, Gray (1999). Imperial San Francisco. UC Press Ltd. ISBN 0-520-21568-0. 
  • Cerny, Susan Dinkelspiel (2001). Berkeley Landmarks: An Illustrated Guide to Berkeley, California's Architectural Heritage. Berkeley Architectural Heritage Association. ISBN 0-9706676-0-4. 
  • Freeman, Jo (2003). At Berkeley in the Sixties: The Education of an Activist, 1961-1965. Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-21622-2. 
  • Helfand, Harvey (2001). University of California, Berkeley. Princeton Architectural Press. ISBN 1-56898-293-3. 
  • Rorabaugh, W. J. (1990). Berkeley at War: The 1960s. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-506667-7. 
  • Wong, Geoffrey (May 2001). A Golden State of Mind. Trafford Publishing. ISBN 1-55212-635-8. 

Partnerships

University of California, Berkeley, is a member of the Consortium of Academic Stewards for The Scholar Ship. The Scholar Ship Logo. ...


See also

The University of California Museum of Paleontology (UCMP) is a paleontology museum located on the campus of the University of California, Berkeley, California, USA. The museum is in the Valley Life Sciences Building at Berkeley and the collections are primarily intended for research. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... The Pacific Film Archive (PFA) is the film department of the Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive, the visual arts center of the University of California, Berkeley. ...

External links

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  • University of California, Berkeley is at coordinates 37°52′12″N 122°15′32″W / 37.870, -122.259 (University of California, Berkeley)Coordinates: 37°52′12″N 122°15′32″W / 37.870, -122.259 (University of California, Berkeley)
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San Mateo is a city in San Mateo County, California, in the San Francisco Bay Area. ... Northwestern Polytechnic University (NPU) is a private institution of higher education accredited to award bachelors and masters degrees in science, technology and management. ... Carnegie Mellon University is a private research university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States. ... San José State University, commonly shortened to San José State and SJSU, is the founding campus of what became the California State University system. ... The Santa Clara Mission is a notable on-campus landmark. ... Stanford redirects here. ... “UCSC” redirects here. ... Adobe Systems (pronounced a-DOE-bee IPA: ) (NASDAQ: ADBE) (LSE: ABS) is an American computer software company headquartered in San Jose, California, USA. Adobe was founded in December 1982[1] by John Warnock and Charles Geschke, who established the company after leaving Xerox PARC in order to develop and sell... AMD redirects here. ... Agilent Technologies (NYSE: A) (Agilent for short) is a measurement and instrument company headquartered in Santa Clara, California. ... Apple Inc. ... Applied Materials, Inc. ... Business Objects is a company that creates and markets France and employs nearly 4,000 people. ... “Cisco” redirects here. ... This article is about the online auction center. ... Electronic Arts (EA) (NASDAQ: ERTS) is an American developer, marketer, publisher, and distributor of computer and video games. ... This article is about the corporation. ... The Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSE: HPQ), commonly known as HP, is a very large, global company headquartered in Palo Alto, California, United States. ... Intel redirects here. ... Intuit Inc. ... LSI Logic was founded in Milpitas, CA by Wilfred Corrigan in 1981 after he left an executive position with Fairchild Semiconductor. ... Maxtor Corporation was an American manufacturer of computer hard disk drives founded in 1982 and acquired by Seagate in 2006. ... Categories: Electronics companies of the United States | Companies based in California | Corporation stubs ... Network Appliance, Inc. ... The American multinational Nvidia Corporation (NASDAQ: NVDA) (pronounced ) specializes in the manufacture of graphics-processor technologies for workstations, desktop computers, and handheld devices. ... Oracle Corporation (NASDAQ: ORCL) is one of the major companies developing database management systems (DBMS), tools for database development, middle-tier software, enterprise resource planning software (ERP), customer relationship management software (CRM) and supply chain management (SCM) software. ... SanDisk Corporation (NASDAQ: SNDK), formerly SunDisk, is an American multinational corporation which designs and markets flash memory card products. ... Solectron headquarters in Milpitas Solectron Corporation (NYSE: SLR), is a global electronics manufacturing company for original equipment manufacturer (OEMs). ... Symantec Corporation NASDAQ: SYMC, founded in 1982, is an international corporation which sells computer software, particularly in the realms of security and information management. ... Sun Microsystems, Inc. ... Yahoo redirects here. ... 3Com (NASDAQ: COMS) is a manufacturer best known for its computer network infrastructure products. ... The Actuate Software Corporation develops business intelligence tools, that are focused on enterprise reporting solutions. ... Adaptec, Inc. ... Amdahl Corporation was founded by Dr. Gene Amdahl, a former IBM employee, in 1970, and specializes in IBM mainframe-compatible computer products. ... Aricent is a communications software company, offering a portfolio of software services and products for the communications industry (wireline, wireless, cable and satellite). ... For other uses, see ASUS (disambiguation). ... This article is about the corporate game company. ... Atmel ATMEGA32 microcontroller Atmel AT90S2333 microcontroller Atmel Corporation (NASDAQ: ATML) is a manufacturer of semiconductors, founded in 1984. ... BEA Systems, Inc. ... Cypress Semiconductor began operations in 1982 and listed publicly in 1986. ... The first Computer Literacy bookstore opened near Lakeside Drive and Titan Way in Sunnyvale, California. ... Foundry Networks is a network system vendor selling high-end managed ethernet switches. ... For the district in Saga, Japan, see Fujitsu, Saga. ... Gaia Online (pronounced // Online) is an anime-themed forums-based website. ... Hitachi Global Storage Technologies is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Hitachi, Ltd. ... Juniper Networks NASDAQ: JNPR is a telecommunications equipment company. ... The Knight Ridder building in downtown San Jose, California. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... McAfee, Inc. ... Established in 1961 in Silicon Valley, Memorex is today a consumer electronics brand of Imation specializing in recordable media (CD & DVD Drives), travel drives, flash storage, computer accessories and other electronics. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... For the web browser produced by this corporation, see Netscape (web browser). ... For other meanings, see Next. ... Nintendo Corporation, Limited (Japanese: 任天堂; Ninten is translated roughly as leave luck to heaven or in heavens hands, do is a common suffix for names of shops or laboratories; TSE: NTDOY) was originally founded in 1889 by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce handmade hanafuda cards, for use in a Japanese... Logo of Opera Software. ... OPPO Digital, Inc. ... Palm, Inc. ... Categories: Companies traded on NASDAQ | Electronics companies of the United States | Corporation stubs ... eBays North First Street satellite office campus (home to PayPals corporate headquarters) PayPal is an e-commerce business allowing payments and money transfers to be made through the Internet. ... This article is about the company. ... Redback Networks, Inc. ... SAP AG (ISIN: DE0007164600, FWB: SAP, NYSE: SAP) is the largest European software enterprise and the third largest in the world, with headquarters in Walldorf, Germany. ... Silicon Graphics, Inc. ... Silicon Image makes computer chips that implement transfer protocols such as DVI and SATA. They are based out of Sunnyvale, California. ... Sony Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest media conglomerates with revenue of $66. ... SRI Internationals main campus on Ravenswood Avenue, Menlo Park, California SRI International is one of the worlds largest contract research institutions. ... Tesla Motors, Inc. ... Tellme Networks is a company based out of Mountain View, California that specializes in telephone-based applications. ... TiVo (pronounced tee-voh, IPA: ) is a popular brand of digital video recorder (DVR) in the United States (and coming to Canada in December 7, 2007) and is a consumer video device which allows users to capture television programming to internal hard disk storage for later viewing (time shifting), provides... LNUX stock price (09-Dec-1999 through 09-Dec-2000) VA Software Corporation (NASDAQ: LNUX), formerly VA Linux Systems, is the provider of the SourceForge Development Intelligence application. ... WebEx Communications Inc. ... VeriSign, Inc. ... VERITAS Software Corp. ... VMware, Inc. ... Xilinx, Inc. ... Frys Electronics is a specialty retailer of software, consumer electronics, computer hardware and household appliances with a chain of superstores headquartered in Silicon Valley. ...

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University of California, Berkeley - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (6292 words)
Berkeley physicists played a key role in developing the atomic bomb during WWII and the hydrogen bomb soon afterwards, and the University has managed the nation's two principal nuclear weapons labs (now also used for more peaceful research) at Livermore and Los Alamos ever since.
The campus is bordered on the west by Downtown Berkeley, on the north by older neighborhoods, and on the east by the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the Berkeley Hills.
Berkeley has graduated more students who go on to earn doctorates than any other university in the United States, and its enrollment of National Merit Scholars was third in the nation until 2002, when participation in the National Merit program was discontinued.
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