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Encyclopedia > University of Barcelona

University of Barcelona
Universitat de Barcelona Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This Manual of Style has the simple purpose of making things easy to read by following a consistent format — it is a style guide. ...

Logo of the University of Barcelona Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Motto Libertas perfundet omnia luce
Established 1450
Type Public
Rector Màrius Rubiralta Alcañiz
Faculty 18
Staff 4,517
Students 62,304
Location Barcelona, Spain
Campus 4
Website www.ub.edu/

The University of Barcelona (Catalan: 'Universitat de Barcelona', Spanish: Universidad de Barcelona, UB) is a public university located in the city of Barcelona, Spain. It is a member of the Coimbra Group and Joan Lluís Vives Institute. A motto (from Italian) is a phrase or a short list of words meant formally to describe the general motivation or intention of an entity, social group, or organization. ... The date of establishment or date of founding of an institution is the date on which that institution chooses to claim as its starting point. ... // March - French troops under Guy de Richemont besiege the English commander in France, Edmund Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, in Caen. ... A public school, has two distinct meanings: elementary or secondary school supported and administered by state and local officials or in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland, a private boarding school, generally not coeducational, that prepares students for the university. ... The word rector (ruler, from the Latin regere) has a number of different meanings, but all of them indicate someone who is in charge of something. ... A faculty is a division within a university. ... Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. ... Alternate uses: Student (disambiguation) Etymologically derived through Middle English from the Latin second-type conjugation verb stŭdērĕ, which means to study, a student is one who studies. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (Catalan) Ciudad Condal (Spanish) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... A website (or Web site) is a collection of web pages, images, videos and other digital assets and hosted on a particular domain or subdomain on the World Wide Web. ... Catalan IPA: (català IPA: or []) is a Romance language, the national language of Andorra and one of several co-official languages in the Spanish autonomous communities of Catalonia, the Balearic Islands and Valencia (under the name Valencian). ... Representation of a university class, 1350s. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (Catalan) Ciudad Condal (Spanish) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... Founded in 1985 and formally constituted by Charter in 1987, the Coimbra Group is a network of European universities which gathers 39 of the older universities, including Oxford, Cambridge, Salamanca, Bristol, Leuven/Louvain, Montpellier, Uppsala, Göttingen, Heidelberg, Jagiellonian, Dublin, Bologna, Siena, Leiden, Coimbra, Barcelona and Granada. ... Founded in 1994 Joan Lluís Vives Institute (IJLV) is a network of Catalan speaking universities. ...

Contents

History

In 2005 the University of Barcelona commemorated its official foundation 555 years earlier under the royal prerogative granted by Alfonso V of Aragon, in Naples, on 3 November 1450. 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Alfonso V of Aragon (also Alfonso I of Naples) (1396 – June 27, 1458), surnamed the Magnanimous, was the King of Aragon and Naples and count of Barcelona from 1416 to 1458. ... Naples panorama. ... November 3 is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 58 days remaining. ... // March - French troops under Guy de Richemont besiege the English commander in France, Edmund Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, in Caen. ...


For forty-nine years prior to this, however, the city had had a fledgling Medical School (or Estudi General, as the universities were known at that time), founded by King Martí the Humane, but neither the council, the Consell de Cent (the Council of One Hundred) nor the city’s other leading institutions had given it their official recognition, considering it an intrusion on their respective jurisdictions. Alphonse the Magnanimous’ prerogative, though, was granted at the petition of the Consell de Cent, and so the council was always to consider the Estudi General created in 1450 as the city’s true university, since it was very much under its control and patronage. Martin I (1356—1410), the Elder, the Humane, the Ecclesiastic, King of Aragon (1396 - 1410)), King of Sicily (1409 - 1410) was the last direct descendant in legitimate male line of Wilfred the Hairy, Count of Barcelona, to rule Aragon. ... The Consell de Cent (Catalan language for council of the hundred) (Consejos de Cientos in Spanish) was an institution of government in the city of Barcelona established in the XIII century, lasting until the XVIII century. ...


The process that would culminate in the foundation of the Estudi General of Barcelona can be traced back to the end of the fourteenth century with the opening of a number of schools under the patronage of the City Hall, the Cathedral Schools and the Dominican convent of Santa Caterina, which established itself as a major cultural centre.


It was King Martí the Humane who set in motion the process that would result in the foundation of the University of Barcelona.


A letter written by the monarch in Zaragoza, dated 23 January 1398, and addressed to the councillors of Barcelona, in which he informed them that he had sought the Pope’s permission to found a university in the city, was the starting point in this long process that would terminate in 1450.


Despite the Consell de Cent's refusal to accept the concession issued by the King to found an estudi general, on 10 January 1401, Martí the Humane founded the Estudi General of Medicine in Barcelona under his royal prerogative, granting it the same privileges as those enjoyed by the University of Montpellier.


In another document, signed in Valencia on 9 May 1402, King Martí sought to promote the Estudi General of Medicine with the appointment of a number of teachers of the liberal arts, without which the study of medicine was virtually useless. From that day forth, the Estudi was known as the Estudi of Medicine and the Arts.


The prerogative granted by King Alphonse the Magnanimous in 1450, authorizing the Consell de Cent to found a university in Barcelona, was the culmination of the process initiated in 1398.


The first university in the lands of the Crown of Aragon was founded by Jaume II in Lleida in 1300. King of Aragons arms in 15th century The Crown of Aragon or Aragonese Empire was the regime of a large portion of what is now Spain, plus numerous Mediterranean possessions, for much of the later Middle Ages. ...


Power and learning have always gone hand in hand. So much so that the discussions concerning the foundation of the first universities were characterized by the clear delimitation of jurisdictional authority. After 1229, and following a series of bloody encounters in Paris that saw grave confrontations between the agents of the university provost and the students, King Felipe II granted full judicial authority to the university chancellor or rector within the university grounds. Henceforth, the authority of the chancellor came to be symbolized in the maces carried by his two beadles on official occasions. The maces were capped with gold or silver and were borne by public servants during official acts before the king or any other civil or military authority with jurisdiction over a territory, municipality or region.


For a number of reasons, in particular the civil war that raged during the reign of Joan II and the subsequent conflicts involving the peasant farmers, the official Estudi General of Barcelona did not begin to develop until the reign of Fernando the Catholic; but it was under Carlos I, in 1536, that the foundation stone was laid for the new university building at the top end of the Rambla. From that moment on the university began to carry out its work as normal despite financial difficulties and in-fighting between university teachers, though this was not to stop some illustrious professors from making their mark in their respective fields and creating their own schools of academic followers. Joan II of Naples (1371-1435), was Queen from 1414 to 1435. ... Ferdinand II of Aragon. ... Carlos, King of Portugal (Eng. ... La Rambla can refer to: La Rambla, Barcelona (also known as Les Rambles and Las Ramblas), an iconic and busy street in central Barcelona La Rambla, Córdoba, a municipality in Spain La Rambla, Montevideo, an avenue that goes all along the coastline of Montevideo Category: ...


The 1596 Ordinances once more showed the need for reform. These followed hard on the heels of earlier Ordinances passed in 1539 and 1559, in which the competitive examination system for the appointment of professors had been introduced.


This period was brought to a close with the Decree issued on 23 October 1714 by the Royal High Commission for Justice and Government of Catalonia - created by the Duke of Berwick - ordering the immediate transfer of the Faculties of Philosophy, Law and Canon Law to Cervera. Barcelona was to keep its Faculty of Medicine and the Cordelles School of Humanities, governed by the Jesuits. Plans to open the University of Cervera did not get underway until 1715 and it did not start its academic work until 1717, as the successor to the six Catalan universities closed down by Felipe V. The first statutes of the new University of Cervera were passed in 1725. ... The Dukedom of Berwick-upon-Tweed was created in 1687 for James FitzJames, the illegitimate son of King James II of England. ... The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ... King Philip V of Spain (December 19, 1683 – July 9, 1746) or Philippe of Anjou was king of Spain from 1700 to 1746, the first of the Bourbon dynasty in Spain. ...


"The University of Barcelona was closed by the Bourbon dynasty after the War of the Spanish Succession from 1714 until 1837".[1] The university was restored to Barcelona during the liberal revolution. In 1837, the University of Cervera was transferred to Barcelona, the capital of the principality. From that moment forth it was recognized as the cultural home of the four Catalan provinces. Bourbon (from French) or Borbón (from Spanish) can refer to people, places, food and drink, political events, and popular culture. ... Charles II was the last Habsburg King of Spain. ...


On its return the University was housed initially in the Convent of Carme, which had been disentailed a few years earlier. Here the Faculties of Canon Law, Law and Theology were provisionally installed. The Faculty of Medicine took up residence in the Royal Academy of Medicine, next door to the Hospital of Santa Creu i Sant Pau. Thus, all the Faculties were now located in just two streets - carrer Hospital and carrer del Carme.


The inadequate nature of these premises soon gave rise to the need to construct a larger home for the University and in the 1860s work began on Elies Rogent's splendid new building, though it would not be fully completed until 1882.


Rogent's Historic Building, which houses the University today, was begun in 1863. Its construction was to have major repercussions for the city, since it was one of the first buildings to be raised outside the ancient city walls.


Work on the building lasted for more than twenty years, although by 1871 the first lectures were being given there. The clock and the iron bell housed in the tower in the Pati de Lletres - the Arts Court - were installed in 1881. Parallel to the building work, sculptures and paintings were commissioned either directly from artists of repute or awarded in open competition.


The architectural work and the quality of the building's works of art meant that it was declared a national monument of historic and artistic interest in 1970.


On its completion all the university courses could now be taught in the same building, a construction that brought prestige to the city and one that satisfied what had been an essential need.


Medical sciences continued to be taught at the former Hospital of Santa Creu i Sant Pau. In 1879 the Faculty of Medicine was presented with a project for a new hospital, and after many changes in the plans and suggested locations, it was eventually installed in the Hospital Clínic on the eastern side of the city's Eixample district in 1900. Today, Medicine is also taught on the Bellvitge Campus and at the Hospital of Sant Joan de Déu.


The natural growth of the University of Barcelona has given rise to the need to undertake large-scale building work to meet the growing demands made by student numbers that were unthinkable in the nineteenth century. In response to this growth, the university district of Pedralbes was begun in 1952. The first building to be completed on this new city campus was the Faculty of Pharmacy in 1956 alongside the Sant Raimond de Penyafort and the Verge de Montserrat Halls of Residence.


This was followed by the Faculty of Law in 1958, the University School of Business Studies in 1961, and the Faculty of Economics between 1957 and 1968. Today this district is known as the Pedralbes Campus, while in the nineties the university added the Vall d'Hebron Campus housed in some of the buildings in Llars Mundet.


The University of Barcelona was the only university in Catalonia and the Balearic Islands until 1971, when the Universitat Politècnica, comprising the more technical Faculties and University Schools, became an independent entity. In 1968 the Universitat Autònoma of Barcelona became the first of several new universities to be set up in Catalonia. Anthem: Els Segadors Capital Barcelona Official language(s) Catalan, Spanish and Aranese Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 6th  32,114 km²  6. ...


Today, the building work continues with a new home being prepared for the Faculties of History and Geography and the Faculty of Philosophy, on a site opposite the former Work House in Barcelona’s Medieval Raval district and just a short walk from the Historic Building.


UB today

As of 2005, is comprised of 100 departments grouped in 18 faculties and two university schools, one school and 8 attached schools.

  • University Schools
    • University School of Business studies
    • University School of Nursing
  • Attached schools
    • Center of Higher Education in Nutrition and Dietetics
    • Higher School of Cinema and Audio-visual
    • Higher School of Prevention of Labour Accidents
    • Higher School of Public relations
    • University School of Hotel management and Tourism
    • University School of Nursery - Sant Joan de Deu
    • University School of Nursery - Santa Madrona
    • Catalan National Institute of Physical Education (INEFC)

The UB offers 75 undergrad programs, 353 graduate programs and 96 doctorate programs to over 63.700 students. It also has 30 research centers. It is considered to be one of the best universities in Spain. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Chemistry - the study of atoms, made of nuclei (center particles) and electrons (outer particles), and the structures they form. ... A Dentist and Dental Assistant perform surgery on a patient. ... Economics (deriving from the Greek words οίκω [okos], house, and νέμω [nemo], rules hence household management) is the social science that studies the allocation of scarce resources to satisfy unlimited wants. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Fine art is a term used to refer to fields traditionally considered to be artistic. ... History studies the past in human terms. ... This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Lady Justice is a personification of the law. ... Euclid, Greek mathematician, 3rd century BC, as imagined by by Raphael in this detail from The School of Athens. ... medicines, see medication and pharmacology. ... In general terms, documentation is any communicable material (such as text, video, audio, etc. ... For other uses, see Pharmacy (disambiguation). ... Philology is the study of ancient texts and languages. ... This article is 58 kilobytes or more in size. ... Physics (Greek: (phúsis), nature and (phusiké), knowledge of nature) is the science concerned with the fundamental laws of the universe and their precise formulation in a mathematical framework. ... Psychology is an academic or applied discipline involving the scientific study of mental processes such as perception, cognition, emotion, personality, behavior, and interpersonal relationships. ... Nursing is a profession focused on assisting individuals, families, and communities in attaining, re-attaining, and maintaining optimal health and functioning. ... The updated USDA food pyramid, published in 2005, is a general nutrition guide for recommended food consumption. ... Dietitians are experts in food and nutrition. ... Public relations (PR) is the business, organizational, philanthropic, or social function of managing communication between an organization and its audiences. ... Tourists on Oʻahu, Hawaii Tourism is travel for predominantly recreational or leisure purposes, and also refers to the provision of services in support of this act. ... Physical instruction at the U.S. Naval Training Station, Newport, Rhode Island, 1917 Physical education (PE) is the interdisciplinary study of all areas of science relating to the transmission of physical knowledge and skills to an individual or a group, the application of these skills, and their results. ... In some educational systems, an undergraduate is a post-secondary student pursuing a Bachelors degree. ...


References

  1. ^ Mordechai Feingold. Universities and Science in the Early Modern Period. Springer, 2006. Page 273.

External links

  • University of Barcelona Website (Catalan) (Spanish) (English)
  • Coimbra Group (a network of leading European universities)
  • University of Barcelona for foreign students on iAgora - Reviews by former Erasmus and other international students in Barcelona on iAgora.

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CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: University of Barcelona (337 words)
Lérida and to the foreign universities of Paris, Toulouse, and
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