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A universal ethic is an ethic that applies universally to humanity. It thus transcends culture and personal whim. The criteria for a universal ethic is that it is universal to humanity, it comprehensively applies to all acts, its content is non-arbitrary, and it is logically consistent. Ethical philosophers have examined "natural moral law" to discover or deduce a universal ethic. They have included John Locke, John Stuart Mill, and Ayn Rand. The formulation of the universal ethic by Fred Foldvary in The Soul of Liberty includes three rules:
1. Acts which are welcomed benefits are good. 2. Acts which coercively harm others are evil. 3. All other acts are neutral.
Moral or natural rights are a correlative of an ethic. The universal ethic therefore determines natural rights. A moral right to do X means that the negation of that act is morally wrong. For example, the right to own property means that it is morally evil for others to forcibly take that property.
A society has liberty when its laws conform to and enforce the universal ethic.
See also natural law The natural law or law of nature is a system of justice that exists independently of the positive law of a given political order. ...
UniversalEthics: Perspectives and Proposals from Scandinavian Scholars edited by Göran Bexell, Dan-Erik Andersson (The Raoul Wallenberg Institute Human Rights Library, Volume 11: Kluwer Academic Publishers) Questions on universalethics are of utmost importance for peaceful relations between nations, cultures and religions.
Universalethics is discussed in relation to three ethical theories; specifically, contract theory, discourse ethics and natural law theory.
It is for example obvious that the discussion of universalethics is considered to be an important concern for all the researchers of the different disciplines of this book.
Elemes and her kind were driven by the UniversalEthic of all higher life forms that had evolved beyond birth and death and the need for natural selection.
She designed the entire universe as a holographic model of herself and chose the critical universal constants of gravity, the speed of light, the atomic and nuclear forces, and the random opening into her universe that would shape the new universe.
As the universe evolved, Elemes was monitoring the ecosphere around all the stars and opening herself to communicate with the life forms which had made the transition to creative beings capable of becoming the complementary pair of Elemes.
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