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Encyclopedia > Universal Music Group
Universal Music Group
Type Subsidiary of Vivendi
Founded 1934 (as Decca Records USA)
1990 (MCA Music Entertainment Group formed)
1997 (first UMG incarnation)
1998 (second UMG incarnation)
Headquarters Santa Monica, California and Broadway, New York, United States
Key people Doug Morris, CEO
Industry Music entertainment
Revenue €4.989 billion (2005)
Net income €480 million (2005)
Parent Flag of France Vivendi
Website http://www.universalmusic.com

Universal Music Group (UMG) is the largest business group and family of record labels in the recording industry. With a 25.5% market share, it is one of the Big Four record labels. It is a wholly owned subsidiary of Vivendi. Image File history File links Umg. ... A subsidiary, in business, is an entity that is controlled by another entity. ... Vivendi SA (formerly known as Vivendi Universal) is a French media conglomerate with activities in music, television and film, publishing, telecommunications, the Internet as well as video games. ... Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica is a coastal city located in Los Angeles County, California USA, by the Pacific Ocean, south of Pacific Palisades and Brentwood, west of Westwood, Los Angeles, and north of Venice. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... A view of Broadway in 1909 Broadway, as the name implies, is a wide avenue in New York City. ... This article is about the state. ... Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is the job of having the ultimate executive responsibility or authority within an organization or corporation. ... For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... Look up revenue in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File links Red_Arrow_Down. ... Net income is equal to the income that a firm has after subtracting costs and expenses from the total revenue. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A holding company is a company that owns part, all, or a majority of other companies outstanding stock. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Vivendi SA (formerly known as Vivendi Universal) is a French media conglomerate with activities in music, television and film, publishing, telecommunications, the Internet as well as video games. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... In the music industry, a record label is a brand and a trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. ... The record industry (or recording industry) is the industry that manufactures and distributes mechanical recordings of music. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion, because: it is patent nonsense. ... Vivendi SA (formerly known as Vivendi Universal) is a French media conglomerate with activities in music, television and film, publishing, telecommunications, the Internet as well as video games. ...


UMG's record labels have many of the world's biggest artists[1] including The Killers, Enrique Iglesias, Tupac Shakur, Oasis, Bon Jovi, Elton John, Eminem, Guns N' Roses, Dr. Dre, 50 Cent, Diana Ross, Luciano Pavarotti, U2, Lindsay Lohan, the Black Eyed Peas and Gwen Stefani. UMG now owns the largest music publishing business in the world, the Universal Music Publishing Group, (after their acquisition of BMG Music Publishing in June 2007). The Killers are an American rock band from Las Vegas, Nevada, most famous for their hit singles Somebody Told Me, Mr. ... For other uses, see Enrique V. Iglesias. ... Tupac Amaru Shakur (June 16, 1971 – September 13, 1996), also known by his stage names 2Pac, Makaveli, or simply as Pac, was an American artist renowned for his rap music, movie roles, poetry, and his social activism. ... Oasis are an English rock band, formed in Manchester in 1991, led by lead guitarist and primary songwriter Noel Gallagher and his younger brother, lead vocalist and songwriter Liam Gallagher. ... Bon Jovi is a hard rock band originating from Sayreville, New Jersey. ... Sir Elton Hercules[1] John CBE[2] (born Reginald Kenneth Dwight on 25 March 1947) is a five-time Grammy and one-time Academy Award-winning English pop/rock singer, composer and pianist. ... Marshall Bruce Mathers III (born October 17, 1972), better known as Eminem or Slim Shady, is a Grammy and Academy Award-winning American rapper, record producer and actor from the Detroit, Michigan area. ... Guns N Roses is an American hard rock band, formed in Los Angeles, California in 1985. ... For the New York radio and television presenter, see Doctor Dre. ... 50 cents may refer to 50 subunits of currencies where the subunit is called a cent. ... For the author-illustrator, see Diana Ross (author). ... Luciano Pavarotti performing on June 15, 2002 at a concert in the Stade Vélodrome in Marseille Luciano Pavarotti, Cavaliere di Gran Croce OMRI[1] (October 12, 1935 – September 6, 2007) was a celebrated Italian tenor in operatic music, who successfully crossed into popular music becoming one of the most... This article is about the Irish rock band. ... Lindsay Dee Lohan[1] (born July 2, 1986) is an American actress and pop music singer. ... The Black Eyed Peas are an American hip-hop group from Los Angeles, California, who have enjoyed worldwide pop success. ... Gwen Renée Stefani (born October 3, 1969) (IPA pronunciation: [1]), is an American singer, songwriter, fashion designer and occasional actress. ... This article deals with contemporary popular music publishing. ... Universal Music Publishing Group (UMPG) is a music publishing company and is part of the Universal Music Group. ...


In the United States, UMG is located in Santa Monica, California, and New York City, New York along with Universal Music Group Nashville; in the UK the group has a number of offices in London and Romford. Vivendi's headquarters are in Paris, France. For other uses, see Santa Monica (disambiguation). ... New York, New York redirects here. ... Universal Music Group Nashville is Universal Music Groups country music holdings. ... , Romford is a large suburban town in Greater London, England and the principal settlement of the London Borough of Havering. ... Vivendi SA was created in 1998 when Compagnie Générale des Eaux (CGE), a major French industrial and media company, was renamed. ... This article is about the capital of France. ...

Contents

History

"Universal Music" was once the music company attached to film studio Universal Pictures. Its origins go back to the formation of the American branch of Decca Records in 1934. MCA bought American Decca in 1962. The present organization was formed when its parent company Seagram purchased PolyGram and merged it with Universal Music Group in 1998. However, the name first appeared in 1996 when MCA Music Entertainment was renamed Universal Music Group. MCA Records was an American-based record company owned by MCA Inc. ... A film studio is a controlled environment for the making of a film. ... Universal Pictures is the main motion picture production/distribution arm of Universal Studios, a subsidiary of NBC Universal. ... It has been suggested that Decca Music Group be merged into this article or section. ... The Music Corporation of America was a United States based corporation in the music business. ... The Seagram Company Ltd. ... PolyGram was the name from 1972 of the major label recording company started by Philips as a holding company for its music interests in 1945. ... MCA Records was an American-based record company owned by MCA Inc. ...


With the 2004 acquisition of Vivendi's Vivendi Universal Entertainment by General Electric's NBC, Universal Music Group was separated entirely from its film studio namesake for the first time. Vivendi Universal (VU) is a French conglomerate active in media and communications with activities in music, television and film, publishing, telecommunications and the Internet. ... “GE” redirects here. ... This article is about the television network. ...


In February 2006, the group became 100% owned by French media conglomerate Vivendi SA when Vivendi purchased the last 20% from Matsushita, the group's sole owner from 1990 to 1995 and co-owner from 1995 to 2006. Vivendi SA (formerly known as Vivendi Universal) is a French media conglomerate with activities in music, television and film, publishing, telecommunications, the Internet as well as video games. ... Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. ...


On September 6, 2006 it was announced that Universal Music will purchase BMG Music Publishing (to become Universal Music Publishing Group), for €1.63 billion ($2.1 billion), subject to regulatory approval.[2] is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Established in 1987, BMG Music Publishing, a unit of Bertelsmann AG, is the world’s leading independent music publisher and the worlds third largest music publisher. ... Universal Music Publishing Group (UMPG) is a music publishing company and is part of the Universal Music Group. ...


Labels

Universal Music Group owns, or has a joint share in, a large number of record labels, including: In the music industry, a record label is a brand and a trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. ...


Interscope-Geffen-A&M

This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A&M Records is an American record label, owned and operated by Universal Music Group. ... A&M/Octone Records is a New York-based record label, which operates through A&M Records and Universal Music Group. ... 1920s vintage Polydor export label with its double-horn gramophone logo In 1954 Polydor Records introduced their distinctive orange label. ... William James Adams Jr. ... Geffen Records is an American record label, owned by Universal Music Group, and operates as one third of UMGs Interscope-Geffen-A&M label group. ... Doggystyle Records (originally Dogghouse Records) is a record label founded by Snoop Dogg at the end of his self-described servitude at Master Ps No Limit Records. ... Flawless Records is a record label formed by Limp Bizkit frontman Fred Durst as a division of Geffen Records. ... Mosley Music Group is a recording label created by producer Timbaland. ... Interscope Records is an American record label, owned by Universal Music Group, and operates as one third of UMGs Interscope-Geffen-A&M label group. ... Aftermath Entertainment is an American record label founded by Dr. Dre. ... Amaru Entertainment was founded by Tupac Shakurs mother, Afeni Shakur, in early 1997 to handle the release of the unreleased material Tupac Shakur had created before his death on September 13th, 1996. ... Cherrytree Records is an imprint of Interscope Records founded in 2005 by Martin Kierszenbaum. ... // D-Block Records is an American hip hop record label founded by Sheek Louch, Jadakiss and Styles P. Even though the labels owner and president is Supa Mario. ... Delicious Vinyl is an American independent record label founded in 1987 by Matt Dike and Michael Ross. ... Fontana Records was a record label active in the United Kingdom and the United States in the 1960s, as a subsiduary of the Dutch Phillips company. ... G-Unit Records is a record label founded by 50 Cent and his manager Sha Money XL. After the debut of the album Get Rich or Die Tryin, 50 Cent was granted his own label. ... Kickball Records is a record company based out of Santa Monica, California. ... Kon Live Distribution is a record label owned and founded by R&B singer Akon. ... Maloof Music is a joint venture with Interscope Records, a division of Universal Music Group. ... MySpace Records is a record label started in 2005 to sign artists who appear on the social networking site MySpace. ... Nothing Records was an American record label, specializing in industrial rock and electronic music, founded by Trent Reznor (of Nine Inch Nails) and John Malm, Jr. ... Star Trak Entertainment is a record label, specializing in hip-hop music, founded by record producers Chad Hugo and Pharrell Williams in 2002. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Tennman Records is an American record label created as a joint venture between Justin Timberlake and Interscope Records. ...

The Island Def Jam Music Group

The Island Def Jam Music Group is a record label formed in 1999, when Universal Music Group merged together its two companies, Island Records and Def Jam Recordings to create a super label. ... Def Jam Recordings is an American based hip-hop record label, owned by Universal Music Group, and operates as a part of The Island Def Jam Music Group. ... Def Jam Recordings is an American based hip-hop record label that operates as a part of The Island Def Jam Music Group, which is owned by Universal Music Group. ... Disturbing tha Peace Records, LLC (commonly known as DTP) is a recording company and management company based out of Atlanta, Georgia, that specializes in hip hop and Rock. ... Slip-n-Slide Records is a Miami based record label owned by Ted Touche Lucas. ... Desert Storm Records is a United States record label headed by DJ Clue and DJ Envy, a famous hip hop DJ who, among other things, is a regular on air personality at New Yorks Power 105. ... Russell Smmons Music Group or RSMG is a new record label created by longtime hip-hop mogul Russell Simmons. ... Roc-A-Fella Records is an American hip hop/rap record label. ... Gold Star Music is record label founded by Hector El Father and is now owned by Jay-Z. Gold Star Music is sometimes referred to as Gold Star La Familia, because of the tight cooperation of Roc-La-Familia. ... Get Low Records is a record company operated by Memphis Bleek, on behalf of Roc-A-Fella Records / Island Def Jam. ... Island Records is a record label that was founded by British record producers in Jamaica. ... Fourth And Broadway is a subsidiary of Island Records. ... Lost Highway Records was a Nashville based subsidiary of Universal Music until it was merged into Island Def Jam Records. ... Mercury Records was a record label founded in Chicago, Illinois in 1945 by Irving Green, Berle Adams and Arthur Talmadge. ... So So Def Recordings is a record label, based out of Atlanta, Georgia and owned by Jermaine Dupri, specializing in Southern hip hop, R&B, and bass music. ... Diplomat Records is the record label of the group The Diplomats, both created by Harlem rappers CamRon and Jim Jones . ...

Machete Music

Machete Music is Universal Music Groups Latin urban music holdings including such genres such as Hip-Hop and Reggaeton. ... All Star Records is an UK based hip-hop record label, started by Alborz Bozorgi. ... Baby Records is a Puerto Rican record label founded by Zion of the famous reggaeton duo Zion y Lennox. ... El Cartel Records is Daddy Yankees record company. ... Flow Music is a Puerto Rican record label specializing in the reggaeton genre. ... Gold Star Music is record label founded by Hector El Father and is now owned by Jay-Z. Gold Star Music is sometimes referred to as Gold Star La Familia, because of the tight cooperation of Roc-La-Familia. ... Mas Flow Incorporated is a record label founded by Luny Tunes, a Dominican reggaeton production duo. ... Pina Records is a record label founded by Raphy Pina. ... Sangre Nueva Music is a record label founded by Arnaldo Santos, better known as Naldo. ... VI Music is a Puerto Rican record label specializing in the reggaeton genre. ... WY Records is a Puerto Rican record label founded by Wisin & Yandel. ...

Sanctuary Records

  • Antidote Records
  • Attack Records
  • Castle Home Video
  • Castle Music
  • Castle Pie
  • Castle Pulse
  • Castle Select
  • Discotheque
  • Fantastic Plastic
  • Indigo
  • Knockout Entertainment
  • Mayan Records
  • Metal-is Records
  • Noise Records
  • RAS Records
  • Rough Trade Records
  • Rough Trade Records U.S.
  • Sanctuary Records U.S.
  • Sanctuary Records UK
  • Sanctuary Classics
  • Sanctuary Special Editions
  • Sanctuary Visual Entertainment
  • Sequel
  • Slogan
  • Trojan Records
  • Vapor Records
  • Vertical Records

Sanctuary Records is a record label based in the United Kingdom and a subsidiary of Universal Records. ... Knockout Entertainment is an American record label created and owned by Ray J, specializing in R&B/Hip Hop/Gospel and based in Los Angeles, California and founded in 2004. ... For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ...

The Universal Motown/Universal Republic Group

The The Universal Motown/Universal Republic Group is a division of Universal Music Group, which was formed in 1999, and pools together Universal Records, Motown Records, and Republic Records. ... Blackground Records is an American record label, owned by entertainment attorney and artist manager Barry Hankerson and his son Jomo Hankerson, and distributed through the Universal Music Group. ... The company logo of Brushfire Records Brushfire Records is a Mango Tree, Hawaii based record label owned by singer-songwriter Jack Johnson. ... Bungalo Records is an independent record label established in 2006 under the Universal Music Group. ... This article is about Casablanca, the record label. ... Cash Money Records is an American hip hop record label. ... Chamillitary Entertainment is a record/entertainment company owned and run by Chamillionaire. ... Derrty Ent. ... The Inc. ... Konvict Muzik is a record label owned and founded by R&B singer Akon. ... Motown Records, also known as Tamla-Motown outside of the United States, is a record label originally based out of Detroit, Michigan (Motor City), where it achieved widespread international success. ... Next Plateau Entertainment (also known as Next Plateau Records) is an American record label, which currently operates in association with Universal Records, under the Universal Republic Records Group. ... Republic Records logo. ... Rowdy Records is an American record label formed in 1992 by producers Dallas Austin and L.A. Reid, and was initially distributed through Arista Records. ... Street Records Corporation is an American record label, a subsidiary of the Universal Motown Records Group, whose artists include Grandaddy Souf, Keith Sweat, Ric-A-Che, Sean Biggs, Remy Martin, Akon, Majic Massey and The Terror Squad. ... Tuff Gong is a record label that was formed by the reggae group The Wailers in 1970 and named after Bob Marleys nickname. ... Universal Records is an American record label owned by Universal Music Group. ... Universal South Records was a record label started in 2001 by Universal Music Group. ... Uptown Records was an American record label, founded by Andre Harell in the late-1980s. ... Young Money Entertainment is an American record label founded by New Orleans rapper Lil Wayne. ...

Universal Music Classics Group

Universal Music Classics Group is Universal Music Groups classical music holdings. ... It has been suggested that Decca Music Group be merged into this article or section. ... Logo Deutsche Grammophon is a German record label. ... ECM (Edition of Contemporary Music) is a record label founded in Munich, Germany in 1969 by Manfred Eicher. ... Philips Records is a record label that was founded by Dutch electronics giant Philips. ...

Universal Music Group Nashville

Universal Music Group Nashville is Universal Music Groups country music holdings. ... When David Geffen sold his Geffen Records to MCA Records he joined Steven Spielberg and Jeffrey Katzenberg to form Dreamworks SKG, with subsidiary DreamWorks Records. ... MCA Nashville Records is a subsidiary of Universal Music Group. ...

Verve Records

Verve Records is an American Jazz record label, founded by Norman Granz in 1956, which absorbed the catalogues of his earlier labels: Norgran Records and Clef Records (founded 1953). ... Blue Thumb Records was an American record label founded in 1968 by Bob Krasnow, along with former A&M Records executives Tommy Lipuma and Don Graham. ... Commodore Records is a United States based record label known for issuing many well regarded recordings of jazz and swing music. ... Coral Records was a Decca Records subsidiary based in the United States of America. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... EmArcy Records is a jazz record label, formed in 1954 as a subsidiary of Mercury Records. ... GRP Records is an American jazz record company that was founded in New York by Dave Grusin and Larry Rosen in 1982. ... Impulse! Records is an American based jazz record label, originally launched in 1960 by Creed Taylor as a subsidiary of ABC-Paramount Records in New York City. ... Verve Forecast Records is a record label specializing in cutting edge material which was founded in 1967 by Verve Records and since been revived twice. ...

Stand-alone labels

Barcaly Records is a subsidiary of Universal Music Group. ... now. ... Gangsta Flip Records is a record label that was started by Domination and Bang Em Smurf. ... Impact Records is an American record label, once a subsidiary of MCA Records. ... Isadora is an independent record label started and operated by Hawksley Workman. ... Jazzland Records is a Norwegian jazz and nu-jazz label based in Oslo, Norway. ... Manifesto Records is a dance subsidiary of Mercury Records. ... Motor Music Records is a subsidiary of Universal Music Group. ... Nhi Le Records (NLR) is a record label founded in Canada in 2002 by Nhi Le. ... Polar Music is a Swedish record company founded in 1963 by Stig Anderson and his friend Bengt Bernhag. ... Radioactive Records is an American record label. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Ruff Ryders Entertainment is a New York-based record label and management company, specializing in hip hop music. ... Show Dog Nashville is a country music record label launched in 2005 by singer-songwriter superstar Toby Keith. ... Stockholm Records is a Swedish subsidiary of Universal Music Group. ... This is an article about a record label. ... Uni Records was a subsidiary of MCA Records. ... Universal Music Enterprises is the catalogue division of Universal Music Group. ... 20th Century Records was (not surprisingly) a subsidiary of film studio 20th Century Fox. ... Hip-O Records is now part of Universal Music Group. ... Urban Records is a German subisdiary of Universal Music Group. ...

Independent labels distributed by Universal Music Group

Battleaxe Records is an independent music label from Vancouver created by Swollen Members member Mad Child out of a desire of the band to release their own material. ... [[1]] Big Machine Records is a country music record label launched in 2005 by former DreamWorks Records executive Scott Borchetta. ... Concord Music Group is a record company formed in 2004 by the merger of Concord Records and Fantasy Records. ... ersguterjunge is the label of German rapper Bushido and a sublabel of Universal Records. ... Hollywood Records is a record label owned by Disney. ... KADE RECORDS is a record label set-up by scottish born C.E.O Gavin Spence. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Palm Pictures is a US based entertainment company owned and run by Chris Blackwell. ... Warrior Records is a hip hop, rap, R&B, and club music record label. ...

Labels outside of the U.S.

Vertigo Records was the name Philips Records chose in the sixties for its record label to counter the progressive labels of its rivals EMI (with Harvest Records) and Decca Records (with Deram Records). ... Fascination Records is a Polydor sub-label that launched in Spring 2006. ... Spinefarm Records is a Helsinki, Finland based record label focusing mainly on heavy metal artists. ... Compo Company Ltd. ...

Controversy

Pay for play

In May 2006, an investigation led by New York attorney general Eliot Spitzer concluded with a determination that Universal bribed radio stations to play songs from Ashlee Simpson, Brian McKnight, Big Tymers, Lindsay Lohan and other performers working for Universal labels. The company paid $12 million to the state in settlement. [3] This article is about the state. ... In most common law jurisdictions, the Attorney General is the main legal adviser to the government, and in some jurisdictions may in addition have executive responsibility for law enforcement or responsibility for public prosecutions. ... Eliot Laurence Spitzer (born June 10, 1959) is an American lawyer, politician and the current Governor of New York. ... Bribery is a crime implying a sum or gift given alters the behaviour of the person in ways not consistent with the duties of that person. ... Ashlee Nicole Simpson (born October 3, 1300) is an American pop rock singer, songwriter, and actress, and younger sister of pop singer Jessica Simpson. ... Brian McKnight on the cover of his 2005 album Gemini Brian McKnight (born June 5, 1969 in Buffalo, New York) is a Grammy nominated American singer, songwriter, arranger, producer and one of the prominent singers of his years, specializing in pop and R&B. He is a multi-instrumentalist and... The Big Tymers were a U.S. hip hop duo, one of the popular acts on New Orleans record label Cash Money Records. ... Lindsay Dee Lohan[1] (born July 2, 1986) is an American actress and pop music singer. ...


iTunes

On July 2, 2007, the New York Times reported that Universal would not be renewing its contract with Apple allowing the sale of its artists on iTunes. Instead, Universal was reported to be seeking an "at will" contract instead of an annual one, allowing it to pull its music from iTunes at will. [4] This report has been denied by Apple, who says they are "still negotiating" with Universal. [5] Universal has since stated publicly that they will not sign a new long term contract with Apple, preferring to go month by month instead. [6] Also, they announced on August 9, 2007, that they would sell DRM-free music through a variety of online vendors, including the newly-created gBox, but not including the iTunes Store.[7] is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... Apple Inc. ... This article is about the iTunes application. ... The acronym DRM can stand for: Digital Rights Management - Technologies to give content providers control over redistribution and access to material. ... gBox is an online music store run by a Cupertino, California-based startup called gBox, Inc. ... The iTunes Store is an online business run by Apple Inc. ...


Pay-per-listen innovation

In September 2007, Universal came up with an innovative way of tackling music piracy by "paying the pirates", beginning with tracks from will.i.am (will.i.am Music Group). If the pilot scheme is a success it is likely to be rolled out for Universal's entire music portfolio.[8] Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... William James Adams Jr. ...


References

  1. ^ Universal Music Group - Artists
  2. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/5319050.stm
  3. ^ Garrity, Brian (2006-05-11). UMG Settles With Spitzer. Mediaweek. Retrieved on 2006-07-05.
  4. ^ Leeds, Jeff (2007-07-02). Universal in Dispute With Apple Over iTunes. New York Times. Retrieved on 2007-07-03.
  5. ^ Lee, Ellen (2007-07-02). Apple denies big record label may quit iTunes. San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved on 2007-07-03.
  6. ^ Starrett, Charles (2007-07-05). Universal confirms iTunes non-renewal. iLounge.com. Retrieved on 2007-07-05.
  7. ^ Aughton, Simon (2007-08-13). gBox - Not Google - has DRM-free Universal deal. PC Pro. Retrieved on 2007-08-13.
  8. ^ Pay-per-listen innovation from Black Eyed Peas man (thelondonpaper)

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 225th day of the year (226th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 225th day of the year (226th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Universal Music Group vs. Music Listeners - The Digital Music Weblog (1396 words)
Assuming most children the age of Sean Ryan's will own a portable media device (at least one) in their lives and, assuming that Universal Music Group gets a buck for each player sold (as they wish to do, and are doing in the case of Zune) then, the tax has already been passed.
What UMG has done is lay the first piece of framework for putting the kibosh on the democratization of the music industry.
A $1 fee collected by UMG on a portable media player (that may or may not sell well) is not the end of the democratization of the music industry.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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