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Encyclopedia > United States presidential election, 1932
Presidential electoral votes by state.

The United States presidential election of 1932 took place as the effects of the 1929 Stock Market Crash and the Great Depression were being felt intensely across the country. President Hoover's popularity was falling as voters felt he was unable reverse the economic collapse, or deal with prohibition. The Democrats led by Franklin D. Roosevelt promised a New Deal (but left the specifics vague). Roosevelt won in a landslide and this "critical election" marked the collapse of the Fourth Party System or Progressive Era. The voters soon were realigned into the Fifth Party System, dominated by Roosevelt's New Deal Coalition. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1182x635, 96 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1182x635, 96 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Great Depression was an economic downturn which started in 1929 and lasted through most of the 1930s. ... Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964), the 31st President of the United States (1929-1933), was a world-famous mining engineer and humanitarian administrator. ... The term Prohibition, also known as Dry Law, refers to a law in a certain country by which the manufacture, transportation, import, export, and sale of alcoholic beverages is restricted or illegal. ... The History of the Democratic Party is an account of a continuously supported political party in the United States of America. ... FDR redirects here. ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: New Deal For other uses of New Deal and The New Deal, see New Deal (disambiguation). ... // In the United States, the Progressive Era was a period of reform which lasted from the 1890s through the 1920s. ... The New Deal coalition was the poop alignment of interest groups and voting blocs who supported the New Deal and voted for United States Democratic Party presidential candidates from 1932 until approximately 1966, and which made the Democratic Party the majority party during that time. ...

Contents

Nominations

At the Democratic Party Convention in Chicago, Franklin D. Roosevelt succeeded in getting the party's nomination on the fourth ballot, triumphing over 1928 Democratic candidate Al Smith. Roosevelt, supported by media baron William Randolph Hearst won Southern support by making John Nance Garner, the Speaker of the House of Representatives and also a candidate, his Vice President. FDR redirects here. ... For other uses, see Al Smith (disambiguation). ... William Randolph Hearst (April 29, 1863 – August 14, 1951) was an American newspaper magnate. ... John Nance Cactus Jack Garner (November 22, 1868 – November 7, 1967) was a Representative from Texas and the thirty-second Vice President of the United States (1933-41). ...

Presidential Balloting, DNC 1932
ballot 1 2 3 4
Gov. Franklin Roosevelt 666.5 677 682 945
Former Gov. Al Smith 201 194 190 190
Speaker of the U.S. House John Nance Garner 90.25 90.25 101.3 -
Governor George White 52 50.5 52.5 -
Former Gov. Harry F. Byrd 25 24 25 -
Melvin A. Traylor 42.5 40 40 -
Sen. James A. Reed 24 18 27 -
Gov. Albert C. Ritchie 21 23 23 -
Gov. William "Alfalfa Bill" Murray 23 - - -
Will Rogers - 22 - -
Newton Baker 8.5 8.5 8.5 -

The Democratic Party Platform included repeal of Prohibition (devolving the decision of allowing or prohibiting alcohol to the individual states to decide for themselves). Franklin Delano Roosevelt (January 30, 1882–April 12, 1945), often referred to as FDR, was the 32nd (1933–1945) President of the United States. ... For other uses, see Al Smith (disambiguation). ... John Nance Cactus Jack Garner (November 22, 1868 – November 7, 1967) was a Representative from Texas and the thirty-second Vice President of the United States (1933-41). ... George White (August 21, 1872 – December 15, 1953) was the 52nd Governor of Ohio. ... Harry Flood Byrd, Sr. ... Melvin Alvah Traylor (born October 21, 1878 in Breeding, Kentucky) was an American lawyer and banker. ... James Alexander Reed (November 9, 1861 September 9, 1944) was an American politician. ... Categories: People stubs | 1876 births | 1936 deaths | Governors of Maryland ... William Henry David Alfalfa Bill Murray (1869–1956) was a United States Democratic Party politician representing Oklahoma. ... Will Rogers. ... 1927 Time cover featuring Baker Newton Diehl Baker (December 3, 1871–December 25, 1937) was an American politician in the Democratic Party, and a notable figure in the Progressive movement. ... The term Prohibition, also known as Dry Law, refers to a law in a certain country by which the manufacture, transportation, import, export, and sale of alcoholic beverages is restricted or illegal. ...


Republican Party nomination

As the year 1932 began, the Republican Party still had hopes that the worst of the Depression was over; in any case President Herbert Hoover controlled the party. Little-known former U.S. Senator Joseph I. France ran against Hoover in the primaries, often unopposed. His primary wins were tempered by two events: first, Hoover entered the Maryland primary and defeated France in his home state; second, few delegates to the national convention were chosen in the primaries. Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964), the 31st President of the United States (1929-1933), was a world-famous mining engineer and humanitarian administrator. ... Joseph France Joseph Irvin France (b. ...


Hoover's managers at the Republican National Convention ran a tight ship, not allowing expressions of concern for the direction of the nation. Hoover was nominated on the first ballot with 98% of the delegate vote.


The tally was:

Presidential Ballot, RNC 1932
President Herbert Hoover 1126.5
James J. Blaine 13
Former President Calvin Coolidge 4.5
Former U.S. Senator Joseph I. France 4
James W. Wadsworth 1

Both the agricultural Republicans and the extreme hard money Republicans (the latter hoping to nominate Coolidge) balked at the floor managers and voted against the renomination of Vice President Charles Curtis, who won with just 55% of the delegate votes. Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964), the 31st President of the United States (1929-1933), was a world-famous mining engineer and humanitarian administrator. ... John Calvin Coolidge, Jr. ... Joseph France Joseph Irvin France (b. ... This article is about the former Vice President of the United States. ...


General election

Campaign

Roosevelt committed himself to battling the Great Depression in the United States with a "New Deal" when he stated: "I pledge you, I pledge myself, to a new deal for the American people." To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: New Deal For other uses of New Deal and The New Deal, see New Deal (disambiguation). ...


President Hoover was widely blamed for the depression; for over 2 years Hoover had been issuing statements that the worst was over, only to have the economy make further downturns.


The election was held on November 8, 1932. Maine held separate state elections in September. November 8 is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 53 days remaining. ... 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will take you to a full 1932 calendar). ...


1932 was a realigning election. Roosevelt and the Democratic ticket won a sweeping victory over Hoover and the Republicans, extending their control over the U.S. House and gaining control of the U.S. Senate. Twelve years of Republican leadership came to an end, and twenty years of Democratic control would ensue. The vote for Roosevelt was nearly 8 million higher than that for Smith in 1928, an increase of 52%. Hoover's popular vote was reduced by 26% from his result in the 1928 election. In addition, the vote for most minor parties rose dramatically: increases of 230% for the Socialist Party (Norman Thomas's highest raw vote total of his campaigns); an increase of 112% for the Communist Party; an increase of 305% for the Prohibition Party; and an increase of 57% for the Socialist Labor Party. Realigning election or critical election or realignment are terms from political history and political science. ... The Prohibition Party is a political party in the United States. ...


Results

Presidential Candidate Party Home State Popular Vote Electoral Vote Running Mate Running Mate's
Home State
Running Mate's
Electoral Vote
Count Percentage
Franklin Roosevelt Democratic New York 22,829,277 57.4% 472 John Nance Garner Texas 472
Herbert Clark Hoover Republican California 15,761,254 39.7% 59 Charles Curtis Kansas 59
Norman Thomas Socialist New York 884,885 2.2% 0 James H. Maurer Pennsylvania 0
William Zebulon Foster Communist Illinois 103,307 0.3% 0 James W. Ford Alabama 0
William D. Upshaw Prohibition Georgia 81,905 0.2% 0 Frank S. Regan Illinois 0
William Harvey Liberty Arkansas 53,425 0.1% 0 Frank Hemenway Washington 0
Verne L. Reynolds Socialist Labor New York 33,276 0.1% 0 J.W. Aiken Massachusetts 0
Other 12,569 0.1% 0 Other 0
Total 39,751,898 100.0% 531 Total 531
Needed to win 266 Needed to win 266

Source (Popular Vote): Leip, David. 1932 Presidential Election Results. Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections (July 31, 2005). Franklin Delano Roosevelt (January 30, 1882–April 12, 1945), often referred to as FDR, was the 32nd (1933–1945) President of the United States. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... NY redirects here. ... John Nance Cactus Jack Garner (November 22, 1868 – November 7, 1967) was a Representative from Texas and the thirty-second Vice President of the United States (1933-41). ... Official language(s) None See: Languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 268,581 sq mi (695,622 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964), the 31st President of the United States (1929-1933), was a world-famous mining engineer and humanitarian administrator. ... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... This article is about the former Vice President of the United States. ... Official language(s) none Capital Topeka Largest city Wichita Area  Ranked 15th  - Total 82,277 sq mi (213,096 km²)  - Width 211 miles (340 km)  - Length 417 miles (645 km)  - % water 0. ... Norman Thomas Norman Mattoon Thomas (November 20, 1884 - December 19, 1968) was a leading American socialist, pacifist, and six-time presidential candidate for the Socialist Party of America. ... The Socialist Party of America (SPA) was a socialist political party in the United States. ... NY redirects here. ... Official language(s) None Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ... William Edward Foster (February 25, 1881 - September 1, 1961), who renamed himself as William Z. Foster, was the long-time General Secretary of the Communist Party USA and trade union leader. ... The Communist Party of the United States of America (CPUSA) is one of several Marxist-Leninist groups in the United States. ... Official language(s) English Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... James W. Ford (1893 - 1957) was an American Communist. ... Official language(s) English Capital Montgomery Largest city Birmingham Area  Ranked 30th  - Total 52,419 sq mi (135,765 km²)  - Width 190 miles (306 km)  - Length 330 miles (531 km)  - % water 3. ... William D. Upshaw (1866-1952) served eight years in Congress (1919-1927), where he was such a strong proponent of the temperance movement that he became known as the driest of the dry. ... The Prohibition Party is a political party in the United States. ... Official language(s) English Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Official language(s) English Capital Little Rock Largest city Little Rock Area  Ranked 29th  - Total 53,179 sq mi (137,732 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 261 miles (420 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) None Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,824 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... The Socialist Labor Party of America (SLP) is the oldest socialist political party in the United States and the second oldest socialist party in the world. ... NY redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... July 31 is the 212th day (213th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 153 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Source (Electoral Vote): Electoral College Box Scores 1789–1996. Official website of the National Archives. (July 31, 2005). July 31 is the 212th day (213th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 153 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Bibliography

  • Kristi Andersen, The Creation of a Democratic Majority: 1928-1936 (1979), statistical
  • James McGregor Burns, Roosevelt: The Lion and the Fox (1956)
  • Frank Freidel, Franklin D. Roosevelt: The Triumph (1956)
  • Frank Freidel, "Election of 1932", in Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., ed., The Coming to Power: Critical Presidential Elections in American History (1981),
  • Harold F. Gosnell, Champion Campaigner: Franklin D. Roosevelt (1952)
  • Hoover, Herbert, The Memoirs of Herbert Hoover: The Great Depression, 1929-1941 (1952)
  • Peel, Roy V. and Thomas C. Donnelly, The 1932 Campaign: An Analysis (1935)
  • Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. The Crisis of the Old Order (1957),

See also

 Republican holds  Republican pickups  Democratic holds  Democratic pickups The U.S. Senate election, 1932 was an election for the United States Senate which coincided with Democrat Franklin Delano Roosevelts crushing defeat of incumbent Herbert Hoover in the presidential election. ... The U.S. House election, 1932 was an election for the United States House of Representatives in 1932 which coincided with the landslide election of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. ... // Red Scare from 1918 to 1921 Main article: Red Scare The roots of the Red Scare lie in the efforts of the U.S. government to suppress dissent and engineer pro-war opinion in the preparation for the American entry into World War I. After the war, fear and hysteria...

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