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Encyclopedia > United States presidential election, 1904
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Presidential electoral votes by state.

The U.S. presidential election of 1904 was held on November 8, 1904. Incumbent President Theodore Roosevelt, a Republican who had succeeded to the Presidency upon William McKinley's assassination, easily won a term of his own, thus becoming the first "accidental" president to do so. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1182x635, 99 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): United States presidential election, 1904 ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1182x635, 99 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): United States presidential election, 1904 ... November 8 is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 53 days remaining. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... The presidential seal was used by President Hayes in 1880 and last modified in 1969 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii. ... Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. ... The Republican Party of the United States was established in 1854 and is one of the two dominant parties today. ... William McKinley (January 29, 1843 – September 14, 1901) was the 25th President of the United States. ...

Contents

Nominations

TR leads party to landslide win in 1904
TR leads party to landslide win in 1904

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (612x828, 138 KB) Summary 1904 cartoon magazine, USA Licensing This image is in the public domain in the United States. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (612x828, 138 KB) Summary 1904 cartoon magazine, USA Licensing This image is in the public domain in the United States. ...

Republican Party nomination

Theodore Roosevelt wasn't particularly popular among the Republican party bosses, and in early 1903, there was talk of running Mark Hanna for the nomination against the young incumbent, but this did not last long; Hanna's supporters were outmaneuvered in the June 1903 Ohio state convention and "TR" was endorsed a year early. Hanna then proclaimed he wasn't running. Thus with no opposition at all (Hanna died in early 1904) Roosevelt was unanimously nominated at the convention in Chicago. Conservative Indiana senator Charles W. Fairbanks was nominated for Vice President. Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. ... Mark Hanna Mark A. Hanna (September 24, 1837–February 15, 1904), born Marcus Alonzo Hanna, was an industrialist and Republican politician from Ohio. ... Official language(s) English Capital Indianapolis Largest city Indianapolis Area  Ranked 38th  - Total 36,418 sq mi (94,321 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 270 miles (435 km)  - % water 1. ... Charles W. Fairbanks Charles Warren Fairbanks (May 11, 1852 – June 4, 1918) was a Senator from Indiana and the twenty-sixth Vice President of the United States. ...


Democratic Party nomination

With Roosevelt's popularity nearing its peak, William Jennings Bryan, the nominee of 1896 and 1900, had decided to sit this one out, leaving what was considered the most worthless Democratic nomination since 1872 wide open. With former President Grover Cleveland refusing to come out of retirement as well, the Democrats met in Saint Louis in a surly and depressed mood. The only candidate who really wanted the nod was William Randolph Hearst, but the delegates instead nominated an unknown Bourbon Democrat named Alton B. Parker, a judge on New York state Court of Appeals, who accepted after he demanded, and got, an endorsement of the gold standard in the party's platform. Ancient (age 81) millionaire industrialist Henry G. Davis of West Virginia was nominated as his running mate, ostensibly to pay for the campaign with his own funds, something he refused to do. William Jennings Bryan (March 19, 1860 – July 26, 1925) was an American lawyer, statesman, and politician. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Summary The election was held on November 6, 1900. ... The History of the Democratic Party is an account of a continuously supported political party in the United States of America. ... 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Stephen Grover Cleveland (March 18, 1837 – June 24, 1908) was the 22nd (1885–1889) and 24th (1893–1897) President of the United States, and the only President to serve two non-consecutive terms. ... In political science, a democrat (lowercase d) is an advocate, follower, or proponent of democracy. ... Nickname: Gateway City, Gateway to the West, or Mound City Location in the state of Missouri Coordinates: Country United States State Missouri County Independent City Mayor Francis G. Slay (D) Area    - City 66. ... William Randolph Hearst (April 29, 1863 – August 14, 1951) was an American newspaper magnate, born in San Francisco, California. ... Bourbon Democrat was a term used in the United States from 1876 to 1904 to refer to a conservative or reactionary member of the Democratic Party, especially one who supported President Grover Cleveland in 1884–1896 and Alton B. Parker in 1904. ... Alton Brooks Parker (May 14, 1852 – May 10, 1926) was an American lawyer and judge and a U.S. presidential candidate in the 1904 elections. ... This article is on the monetary principle. ... Henry Gassaway Davis (16 November 1823 - March 11, 1916) was a U.S. Democratic politician from West Virginia. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Area  Ranked 41st  - Total 24,244 sq mi (62,809 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ...


General election

Campaign

The lackluster Judge Parker made little headway against the wildly popular Roosevelt, who had already adopted popular reform positions such as increased regulation of the large corporations and conservation of natural resources, not to mention the "winning" of Panama, the Northern Securities suit, Conquest of the Philippines, the Venezuela affair, and so on and so forth. With the whole country cheering TR's campaign screeching "Perdicaris alive or Raisuli dead!" There was little Parker could do to avoid being run over. Ion Perdicaris (1840 - 1925) was a U.S.-Greek playboy who was the centre of the infamous Perdicaris incident, a kidnapping that aroused international conflict in 1904. ... Mulai Ahmed er Raisuli was a bandit who lived in Morocco. ...


There was a ray of hope for the Judge, however. Joseph Pulitzer's New York World carried a full page story about alleged corruption in the Bureau of Corporations. TR admitted certain payments had been made, but denied any "blackmail." Roosevelt was so beloved that the issue didn't have traction and Parker carried only the southern states, and the charismatic Roosevelt won the most decisive victory since 1872. Joseph Pulitzer Joseph Pulitzer (April 10, 1847 – October 29, 1911) was a Hungarian-American publisher best known for posthumously establishing the Pulitzer Prizes and (along with William Randolph Hearst) for originating yellow journalism. ... The New York World was a newspaper published in New York from 1860 until 1931. ... Summary Incumbent President Ulysses S. Grant was easily elected to a second term in office despite a split within the Republican Party that resulted in a defection of many key Republicans to opponent Horace Greeley. ...


Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2321x1529, 611 KB) Summary Debs Poster USA 1904 Licensing This image is in the public domain in the United States. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2321x1529, 611 KB) Summary Debs Poster USA 1904 Licensing This image is in the public domain in the United States. ...


Results

Presidential Candidate Party Home State Popular Vote Electoral Vote Running Mate Running Mate's
Home State
Running Mate's
Electoral Vote
Count Percentage
Theodore Roosevelt Republican New York 7,630,457 56.4% 336 Charles Warren Fairbanks Indiana 336
Alton Brooks Parker Democratic New York 5,083,880 37.6% 140 Henry Gassaway Davis West Virginia 140
Eugene Victor Debs Socialist Indiana 402,810 3.0% 0 Benjamin Hanford New York 0
Silas Comfort Swallow Prohibition Pennsylvania 259,102 1.9% 0 George W. Carroll Texas 0
Thomas Edward Watson Populist Georgia 114,070 0.8% 0 Thomas Henry Tibbles Nebraska 0
Charles Hunter Corregan Socialist Labor New York 33,454 0.2% 0 William Wesley Cox Illinois 0
Other 1,229 0.0% 0 Other 0
Total 13,525,002 100.0% 476 Total 476
Needed to win 239 Needed to win 239

Source (Popular Vote): Leip, David. 1904 Presidential Election Results. Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections (July 28, 2005). Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. ... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... Official language(s) English de facto Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  Ranked 27th  - Total 54,520 sq mi (141,205 km²)  - Width 285 miles (455 km)  - Length 330 miles (530 km)  - % water 13. ... Charles W. Fairbanks Charles Warren Fairbanks (May 11, 1852 – June 4, 1918) was a Senator from Indiana and the twenty-sixth Vice President of the United States. ... Official language(s) English Capital Indianapolis Largest city Indianapolis Area  Ranked 38th  - Total 36,418 sq mi (94,321 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 270 miles (435 km)  - % water 1. ... Alton Brooks Parker (May 14, 1852 – May 10, 1926) was an American lawyer and judge and a U.S. presidential candidate in the 1904 elections. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... Official language(s) English de facto Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  Ranked 27th  - Total 54,520 sq mi (141,205 km²)  - Width 285 miles (455 km)  - Length 330 miles (530 km)  - % water 13. ... Henry Gassaway Davis (16 November 1823 - March 11, 1916) was a U.S. Democratic politician from West Virginia. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Area  Ranked 41st  - Total 24,244 sq mi (62,809 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... May refer to the politcal leader Eugene_V._Debs May also be in reference to a a debutante ball, a formal party undertaken by the leaving members of second-level schools in Ireland, most often in the month of August or September. ... The Socialist Party of America (SPA) was a socialist political party in the United States and one of the most influential socialist parties in U.S. history. ... Official language(s) English Capital Indianapolis Largest city Indianapolis Area  Ranked 38th  - Total 36,418 sq mi (94,321 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 270 miles (435 km)  - % water 1. ... Official language(s) English de facto Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  Ranked 27th  - Total 54,520 sq mi (141,205 km²)  - Width 285 miles (455 km)  - Length 330 miles (530 km)  - % water 13. ... Silas Comfort Swallow (1839 - 1930) was a United States Methodist preacher and prohibitionist politician. ... The Prohibition Party is a political party in the United States. ... Official language(s) None Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 160 miles (255 km)  - Length 280 miles (455 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) See: Languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 268,581 sq mi (695,622 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... Thomas Watson or Tom Watson can refer to: Thomas Watson (bishop), the Bishop of Lincoln from 1557-1560. ... The Populist Party (also known as the Peoples Party) was a short-lived political party in the United States in the late 19th century. ... Thomas Henry Tibbles (1838-1928) was a journalist and activist for Native American causes in the United States during the late nineteenth century. ... Official language(s) English Capital Lincoln Largest city Omaha Area  Ranked 16th  - Total 77,421 sq mi (200,520 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 0. ... The Socialist Labor Party of America (SLP) is the oldest socialist political party in the United States and the second oldest socialist party in the world. ... Official language(s) English de facto Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  Ranked 27th  - Total 54,520 sq mi (141,205 km²)  - Width 285 miles (455 km)  - Length 330 miles (530 km)  - % water 13. ... Official language(s) English Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... July 28 is the 209th day (210th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 156 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Source (Electoral Vote): Electoral College Box Scores 1789–1996. Official website of the National Archives. (July 31, 2005). July 31 is the 212th day (213th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 153 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...




See also

The New York Times front page from the day after the election: November 9, 1904.
The New York Times front page from the day after the election: November 9, 1904.
  • History of the United States (1865–1918)

Download high resolution version (1083x1413, 421 KB)New York Times front page: November 9, 1904 This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Download high resolution version (1083x1413, 421 KB)New York Times front page: November 9, 1904 This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... This article covers the history of the United States from 1865 through 1918. ...

Further reading

Books
  • Blum, John Morton (1954). The Republican Roosevelt.
    • Series of essays that examine how Roosevelt did politics
  • Gould, Lewis L. (1991). The Presidency of Theodore Roosevelt.
  • Harbaugh, William Henry (1963). The Life and Times of Theodore Roosevelt.
  • Morris, Edmund (2001). Theodore Rex.
    • Biography of Roosevelt during the years 1901–1909
Web
  • 1904 popular vote by counties

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