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Encyclopedia > United States presidential election, 1872
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Summary

Incumbent President Ulysses S. Grant was easily elected to a second term in office despite a split within the Republican Party that resulted in a defection of many key Republicans to opponent Horace Greeley.


On November 29, 1872, after the popular vote but before the electoral college was convened, Greeley died. As a result, electors previously committed to Greeley voted for four different candidates for President, and eight different candidates for Vice President. Despite the absence of life, Greeley himself still received three electoral votes, but these votes were disallowed by Congress.


Henry Wilson, who was chosen by the Republicans to succeed Schuyler Colfax as Vice President, died on November 22, 1875.


Republican Convention

President Grant was unanimously renominated for a second term by the convention's 752 delegates. Vice President Schuyler Colfax however narrowly missed renomination, garnering 322 delegates but falling short of Henry Wilson's 400.


Liberal Republicans

An influential group of dissident Republicans split from the party to form the Liberal Republican Party, which nominated New York Tribune editor (and Democratic nominee) Horace Greeley for President and Missouri Governor Benjamin Gratz Brown for Vice President.


Democratic Convention

As the Liberal Republicans did, the Democratic Party chose the Greeley/Brown ticket. Greeley received 686 of the 724 delegate votes cast, while Brown received 713.


Election Results

Presidential Candidate Party State Popular Vote: Electoral Vote:
Ulysses Simpson Grant Republican Ohio 3,597,132 286
Thomas Andrews Hendricks Democratic Indiana - - - 42
Benjamin Gratz Brown Democratic/Liberal Republican Missouri - - - 18
Charles J. Jenkins Democratic Georgia - - - 2
David Davis Liberal Republican Illinois - - - 1
Horace Greeley Democratic/Liberal Republican New York 2,834,125 see summary
Charles O'Conor Straight-out Democratic New York 29,489 0
James Black Prohibition New York 5,608 0
Vice Presidential Candidate Party State Popular Vote: Electoral Vote:
Henry Wilson Republican Massachusetts - - - 286
Benjamin Gratz Brown Democratic/Liberal Republican Missouri - - - 47
Alfred Holt Colquitt Democratic Georgia - - - 5
George Washington Julian Liberal Republican Indiana - - - 5
Thomas E. Bramlette Democratic Kentucky - - - 3
John McAuley Palmer Democratic Illinois - - - 3
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks Liberal Republican Massachusetts - - - 1
William Slocum Groesbeck Democratic/Liberal Republican Ohio - - - 1
Willis Benson Machen Democratic Kentucky - - - 1
Charles Francis Adams, Sr. Straight-out Democratic Massachusetts - - - 0
John Russell Prohibition Michigan - - - 0


See also: President of the United States, U.S. presidential election, 1872, History of the United States (1865-1918)


Other Elections


U.S. presidential elections

1789–1800: 1789 | 1792 | 1796
1800–1849: 1800 | 1804 | 1808 | 1812 | 1816 | 1820 | 1824 | 1828 | 1832 | 1836 | 1840 | 1844 | 1848
1850–1899: 1852 | 1856 | 1860 | 1864 | 1868 | 1872 | 1876 | 1880 | 1884 | 1888 | 1892 | 1896
1900–1949: 1900 | 1904 | 1908 | 1912 | 1916 | 1920 | 1924 | 1928 | 1932 | 1936 | 1940 | 1944 | 1948
1950–1999: 1952 | 1956 | 1960 | 1964 | 1968 | 1972 | 1976 | 1980 | 1984 | 1988 | 1992 | 1996
2000–2049: 2000 | 2004 | 2008


  Results from FactBites:
 
United States presidential election, 1872 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1558 words)
In the U.S. presidential election of 1872, incumbent President Ulysses S. Grant was easily elected to a second term in office despite a split within the Republican Party that resulted in a defection of many key Republicans to opponent Horace Greeley.
The Republican party of the United States, assembled in National Convention in the city of Philadelphia, on the 5th and 6th days of June, 1872, again declares its faith, appeals to its history, and announces its position upon the questions before the country: First.
History of the United States from the Compromise of 1850 to the McKinley-Bryan Campaign of 1896, vol.
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