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Encyclopedia > United States presidential election, 1864
< 1860  Flag of the United States 1868 >
United States presidential election, 1864
8 November 1864
Winner Runner up
Nominee Abraham Lincoln George B. McClellan
Party Republican Democratic
Home State Illinois New Jersey
Running mate Andrew Johnson* George Hunt Pendleton
Electoral Vote 212 21
States Carried 22 3
Popular Vote 2,218,388 1,812,807
Percentage 55.0% 45.0%
United States presidential election, 1864

Presidential election results map. Blue denotes states won by Lincoln/Johnson, Red denotes those won by McClellan/Pendleton, Brown denotes Confederate States. Numbers indicate the number of electoral votes allotted to each state. Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2850x3742, 1215 KB) Description Abraham Lincoln, 16th President of the United States of America. ... George McClellan (19th century photograph) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... For other uses, see Abraham Lincoln (disambiguation). ... For the 1960s commissioner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, see George McClellan (police commissioner). ... The Republican Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America, along with the Democratic Party. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... “NJ” redirects here. ... For other persons of the same name, see Andrew Johnson (disambiguation). ... George Hunt Pendleton (July 19, 1825&#8211;November 24, 1889) was a Representative and a Senator from Ohio. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1182x635, 102 KB)Image from http://nationalatlas. ...

Before Election
Abraham Lincoln
Republican For other uses, see Abraham Lincoln (disambiguation). ... The Republican Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America, along with the Democratic Party. ...

After Election
Abraham Lincoln
Republican For other uses, see Abraham Lincoln (disambiguation). ... The Republican Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America, along with the Democratic Party. ...

The United States presidential election of 1864 saw Abraham Lincoln, the Republican running on a coalition ticket, win by a landslide over the Democratic candidate, George B. McClellan. For other uses, see Abraham Lincoln (disambiguation). ... For the 1960s commissioner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, see George McClellan (police commissioner). ...


It was conducted during the Civil War, and as such the Confederate states did not participate. Republicans across the country were jittery over the summer, but that was before the Democrats had to confront their severe, internal strains at their convention. With William Tecumseh Sherman marching inexorably toward Atlanta, and Ulysses S. Grant pushing Lee into the outer defenses of Richmond, it became increasingly obvious that a Union military victory was inevitable. The Lincoln/Johnson ticket ran with the slogan “Don't change horses in the middle of a stream.” The Republican party name was changed to Union, to appeal to War Democrats; the new name vanished after the election. Johnson, however, never became a Republican. The American Civil War was fought in the United States from 1861 until 1865 between the northern states, popularly referred to as the U.S., the Union, the North, or the Yankees; and the seceding southern states, commonly referred to as the Confederate States of America, the CSA, the Confederacy... Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God, Our Vindicator) Anthem (none official) God Save the South (unofficial) The Bonnie Blue Flag (unofficial) Dixie (unofficial) Capital Montgomery, Alabama (until May 29, 1861) Richmond, Virginia (May 29, 1861–April 2, 1865) Danville, Virginia (from April 3, 1865) Language(s) English (de facto) Religion... “General Sherman” redirects here. ... Ulysses S. Grant,[2] born Hiram Ulysses Grant (April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885), was an American general and the eighteenth President of the United States (1869–1877). ...


The Republican/Union party made an all-out effort, ridiculing McClellan for his pacifist platform, and denouncing Democrats as traitorous Copperheads. On November 8, Lincoln won by over 400,000 popular votes and easily clinched an electoral majority. Several states allowed their citizens serving as soldiers in the field to cast ballots, a first in United States history. Soldiers in the Army gave Lincoln more than 70% of their vote. The Copperheads were a faction of Democrats in the North (see also Union (American Civil War)) who opposed the American Civil War, wanting an immediate peace settlement with the Confederates. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The 21st Michigan Infantry, a company of Shermans veterans. ...

Contents

Nominations

"National Union Party" nomination

National Union (Republican) Party poster for Pennsylvania in 1864
National Union (Republican) Party poster for Pennsylvania in 1864

Abraham Lincoln was renominated by the Republican Party, which changed its name for the 1864 election to the "National Union Party”. Lincoln's nomination was not unanimous, however, as 22 disgruntled opponents of Lincoln voted for Ulysses S. Grant, who was not a candidate. Seeing an opportunity to work with the War Democrats under the Union banner, the convention nominated Governor Andrew Johnson of Tennessee, a War Democrat, as Lincoln's running mate over incumbent Vice President Hannibal Hamlin and three other War Democrats - former New York Senator Daniel S. Dickinson, Buchanan cabinet member Joseph Holt and General Ben Butler. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 458 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (489 × 640 pixel, file size: 87 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to en. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 458 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (489 × 640 pixel, file size: 87 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to en. ... For other uses, see Abraham Lincoln (disambiguation). ... The Republican Party of the United States was established in 1854 and is one of the two dominant parties today. ... 1864 National Union Party candidate and U.S. President-elect Abraham Lincoln 1864 National Union Party candidate and U.S. Vice President-elect Andrew Johnson U.S. Postmaster General, Montgomery Blair. ... Ulysses S. Grant,[2] born Hiram Ulysses Grant (April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885), was an American general and the eighteenth President of the United States (1869–1877). ... War Democrats were those who broke with the majority of the Democratic Party and supported the military policies of President Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War of 1861-1865. ... For other persons of the same name, see Andrew Johnson (disambiguation). ... Hannibal Hamlin (August 27, 1809 – July 4, 1891) was an American politician from the U.S. state of Maine. ... Daniel S. Dickinson Daniel Stevens Dickinson (September 11, 1800 - April 12, 1866) was an American politician, most notable as a United States Senator from New York from 1844 to 1851. ... Joseph Holt (January 6, 1807&#8211;August 1, 1894) was U.S. Secretary of War and a U.S. Postmaster General under James Buchanan. ... Benjamin Franklin Butler (November 5, 1818 – January 11, 1893) was an American lawyer and politician who represented Massachusetts in the United States House of Representatives and later served as its governor. ...


Democratic Party nomination

Democratic candidates

The Democratic Party was bitterly split between the War Democrats and the anti-war Copperheads. The compromise was to nominate pro-war General George B. McClellan along with an anti-war platform. McClellan defeated Horatio Seymour and others for the nomination; he and ticketmate George H. Pendleton were nominated on a peace platform—a platform McClellan personally rejected.[1] For the 1960s commissioner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, see George McClellan (police commissioner). ... “NJ” redirects here. ... Charles OConor (22 January 1804 - 12 May 1884) was an American lawyer who ran in the U.S. presidential election, 1872. ... “NY” redirects here. ... Governor Horatio Seymour Horatio Seymour (May 31, 1810 - February 12, 1886) was an American politician. ... This is a list of the Governors of New York. ... Thomas Hart Seymour (September 29, 1807 - September 3, 1868) was a U.S. Representative from Connecticut. ... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport Largest metro area Hartford Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,543[2] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... The History of the Democratic Party is an account of a continuously supported political party in the United States of America. ... For the 1960s commissioner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, see George McClellan (police commissioner). ... Governor Horatio Seymour Horatio Seymour (May 31, 1810 - February 12, 1886) was an American politician. ... George Pendleton George Hunt Pendleton (July 19, 1825 – November 24, 1889) was a Representative and a Senator from Ohio. ...


General election

The 1864 election was the first time since 1812 that a presidential election took place during a war. McClellan's chances of victory faded after Union victories in Georgia and Virginia, followed by the withdrawal of John C. Fremont's independent candidacy for President. John C. Frémont John Charles Frémont (January 21, 1813-July 13, 1890), birth name John Charles Fremon [Harvey, p. ...


A foretaste of the national election came in the state elections held in the months prior to the presidential election. In these six state elections (Oregon on 6/5, Vermont on 9/6, Maine on 9/11, Ohio and Pennsylvania on 10/10, and West Virginia on 10/26), the Union Republican Party won a sweeping victory. These six states elected 44 Union Republicans in U.S. House races, compared to just 10 Democrats, for a net gain of 18 seats for the Union Republicans. The stage had been set for Lincoln.


Results

Only 24 states participated, because 11 had seceded from the Union and claimed to have formed their own nation: the Confederate States of America (CSA). Three new states participated for the first time: Nevada, West Virginia, and Kansas. The reconstructed portions of Tennessee and Louisiana elected presidential Electors, although Congress did not count their votes. Official language(s) English Capital Carson City Largest city Las Vegas Area  Ranked 7th  - Total 110,567 sq mi (286,367 km²)  - Width 322 miles (519 km)  - Length 490 miles (788 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Area  Ranked 41st  - Total 24,244 sq mi (62,809 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English[2] Capital Topeka Largest city Wichita Area  Ranked 15th  - Total 82,277 sq mi (213,096 km²)  - Width 211 miles (340 km)  - Length 417 miles (645 km)  - % water 0. ...

Presidential Candidate Party Home State Popular Vote(a) Electoral Vote(a), (b) Running Mate Running Mate's
Home State
Running Mate's
Electoral Vote(a), (b)
Count Percentage
Abraham Lincoln National Union(c) Illinois 2,218,388 55.0% 212 Andrew Johnson(c) Tennessee 212
George Brinton McClellan Democratic New Jersey 1,812,807 45.0% 21 George Hunt Pendleton Ohio 21
Other 692 0.0% 0 Other 0
Total 4,031,887 100.0% 233 Total 233
Needed to win 117 Needed to win 117

Source (Popular Vote): Leip, David. 1864 Presidential Election Results. Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections (July 27, 2005). For other uses, see Abraham Lincoln (disambiguation). ... 1864 National Union Party candidate and U.S. President-elect Abraham Lincoln 1864 National Union Party candidate and U.S. Vice President-elect Andrew Johnson U.S. Postmaster General, Montgomery Blair. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... For other persons of the same name, see Andrew Johnson (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Largest metro area Nashville Area  Ranked 36th  - Total 42,169 sq mi (109,247 km²)  - Width 120 miles (195 km)  - Length 440 miles (710 km)  - % water 2. ... For the 1960s commissioner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, see George McClellan (police commissioner). ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... “NJ” redirects here. ... George Pendleton George Hunt Pendleton (July 19, 1825 – November 24, 1889) was a Representative and a Senator from Ohio. ... Official language(s) None Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Largest metro area Cleveland Area  Ranked 34th  - Total 44,825 sq mi (116,096 km²)  - Width 220 miles (355 km)  - Length 220 miles (355 km)  - % water 8. ... is the 208th day of the year (209th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Source (Electoral Vote): Electoral College Box Scores 1789–1996. Official website of the National Archives. (July 31, 2005). is the 212th day of the year (213th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


(a) The states in rebellion did not participate in the election of 1864.
(b) One Elector from Nevada did not vote
(c) Andrew Johnson had been a Democrat, and after 1869 was a Democrat. The Republicans did not run a presidential candidate in 1864 but formed the National Union Party to accommodate the War Democrats.


References

  1. ^ George B. McClellan. Ohio History Central. Retrieved on 2007-03-06.
  • Harold M. Dudley. "The Election of 1864," Mississippi Valley Historical Review, Vol. 18, No. 4 (Mar., 1932) , pp. 500-518 full text in JSTOR
  • David E. Long. Jewel of Liberty: Abraham Lincoln's Re-election and the End of Slavery (1994)
  • Merrill, Louis Taylor. "General Benjamin F. Butler in the Presidential Campaign of 1864." Mississippi Valley Historical Review 33 (March 1947): 537-70 full text in JSTOR
  • Nelson, Larry E. Bullets, Ballots, and Rhetoric: Confederate Policy for the United States Presidential Contest of 1864 University of Alabama Press, 1980.
  • Nevins, Allan. Ordeal of the Union: The War for the Union vol 8 (1971)
  • Randall, James G. and Richard N. Current. Lincoln the President: Last Full Measure. Vol. 4 of Lincoln the President. 1955.
  • Vorenberg, Michael. "'The Deformed Child': Slavery and the Election of 1864" Civil War History 2001 47(3): 240-257. ISSN 0009-8078 full text in JSTOR
  • Jack Waugh Reelecting Lincoln: The Battle for the 1864 Presidency (1998), a popular study
  • White, Jonathan W. "Canvassing the Troops: the Federal Government and the Soldiers' Right to Vote" Civil War History 2004 50(3): 291-317. ISSN 0009-8078

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... In the 19th century, the United States invented or developed a number of new methods for conducting American Election Campaigns. ... This article covers the History of the United States from 1849 through 1865. ... The Third Party System, which began in 1854 and changed over to the Fourth Party System in the mid-1890s revolved around the issues of nationalism, modernization, and race. ...

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