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Encyclopedia > United States district court
Map of the boundaries of the United States Courts of Appeals and United States District Courts
Map of the boundaries of the United States Courts of Appeals and United States District Courts

The United States district courts are the general trial courts of the United States federal court system. Both civil and criminal cases are filed in the district court, which is a court of both law and equity. There is a United States bankruptcy court associated with each United States district court. Each federal judicial district has at least one courthouse, and most districts have more than one. The formal name of a district court is "the United States District Court for" the name of the district -- for example, the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. Image File history File links US_Court_of_Appeals_and_District_Court_map. ... Image File history File links US_Court_of_Appeals_and_District_Court_map. ... A trial court or court of first instance is the court in which most civil or criminal cases begin. ... ... The stela of King Hammurabi depicts the god Shamash revealing a code of laws to the king. ... The Court of Chancery, London, early 19th century This article is about concept of equity in Anglo-American jurisprudence. ... In the United States, Federal courts have exclusive jurisdiction over bankruptcy cases. ... For purposes of the federal judicial system, Congress has divided the United States into judicial districts. ... The United States District Court for the Southern District of New York (SDNY) is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the following counties: New York, Bronx, Westchester, Putnam, Rockland, Orange, Dutchess, and Sullivan. ...


There is at least one judicial district for each state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. District courts in three insular areas - the United States Virgin Islands, Guam, and the Northern Mariana Islands -"exercise the same jurisdiction as U.S. district courts." Despite their name, these courts are technically not "District Courts of the United States." Judges on these territorial courts do not enjoy the protections of Article Three of the Constitution, and serve terms of ten years rather than for life. A U.S. state is any one of the 50 states which have membership of the federation known as the United States of America (USA or U.S.). The separate state governments and the U.S. federal government share sovereignty. ... ... An insular area is United States territory that is neither a part of one of the fifty states nor a part of the District of Columbia, the nations federal district. ... The United States territorial courts are tribunals established in insular areas by the United States Congress, pursuant to its power under Article I of the U.S. Constitution. ...

Contents

Other federal trial courts

There are other federal trial courts that have nationwide jurisdiction over certain types of cases, but the district court also has concurrent jurisdiction over many of those cases, and the district court is the only one with jurisdiction over criminal cases. The Court of International Trade addresses cases involving international trade and customs issues. The United States Court of Federal Claims has exclusive jurisdiction over most claims for money damages against the United States, including disputes over federal contracts, unlawful takings of private property by the federal government, and suits for injury on federal property or by a federal employee. The United States Tax Court has jurisdiction over contested assessments of taxes. In law, jurisdiction (from the Latin jus, juris meaning law and dicere meaning to speak) is the practical authority granted to a formally constituted legal body or to a political leader to deal with and make pronouncements on legal matters and, by implication, to administer justice within a defined area... Concurrent jurisdiction exists where two or more courts from different systems simultaneously have jurisdiction over a specific case. ... United States International Court of Trade. ... The United States Court of Federal Claims is a special court created on October 1, 1982 by the U.S. Congress and headquartered in Washington, D.C.. By federal law, claims brought against the United States must be brought in this court; however, as this court is established under Article... A taking is an action by a government depriving a person of private property without the payment of just compensation. ... The United States Tax Court is a special court created by the U.S. Congress to adjudicate disputes over tax assessments. ...


United States district judge

A judge of a United States District Court is officially titled a “United States District Judge”. Other federal judges, including circuit judges and Supreme Court justices, can also sit in a district court upon assignment by the chief judge of the circuit or by the Chief Justice of the United States. The number of judges in each District Court (and the structure of the judicial system generally) is set by Congress in the Judicial Code. The President appoints all life-tenured federal judges (subject to the approval of the Senate), so the nominees often share at least some of his convictions. In states represented by a senator of the president's party, the senator (or the more senior of them if both senators are of the president's party) has substantial input into the nominating process, and through a tradition known as “senatorial courtesy”, can exercise an unofficial veto over a nominee obnoxious to the senator. A federal judge is a judge appointed in accordance with Article III of the United States Constitution. ... The Chief Justice of the United States is the head of the judicial branch of the government of the United States, and presides over the Supreme Court of the United States. ... Seal of the U.S. Congress. ... The presidential seal was used by President Hayes in 1880 and last modified in 1959 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii. ... Seal of the U.S. Senate The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the Congress of the United States, the other being the House of Representatives. ...


With the exception of Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, and the Virgin Islands, federal district judges are Article III judges appointed for life, and can be removed involuntarily only when they violate the standard of “good behavior”. The sole method of involuntary removal of a judge is through impeachment by the United States House of Representatives followed by a trial in the United States Senate, which requires a two-thirds vote to convict. Otherwise, a judge, even if he or she is convicted of a felony criminal offense by a jury, is entitled to hold office until the judge's dies or retires. In the history of the United States, only twelve judges have been impeached by the House, and only seven have been removed following conviction in the Senate. (For a table that includes the twelve impeached judges, see Impeachment in the United States.) In the United States, federal courts or tribunals can be classified as either Article I tribunals or Article III tribunals. ... The impeachment trial of President Bill Clinton in 1999, Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist presiding. ... A felony, in many common law legal systems, is the term for a very serious crime, whereas misdemeanors are considered to be less serious offenses. ... The impeachment trial of President Bill Clinton in 1999, Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist presiding. ...


A judge who has reached the age of 65 (or has become disabled) may retire or elect to go on “senior status” and keep working. Such “senior” judges are not counted in the quota of active judges for the district and do only whatever work they are assigned by the chief judge of the district, but they keep their offices (called “chambers”) and staff, and many of them work full-time. A federal judge is addressed in writing as “The Honorable Jane Doe” or “Hon. Jane Doe” and in speech as “Judge” or “Judge Doe” or, when presiding in court, “Your Honor”. Senior status is a form of semi-retirement for U.S. federal judges. ...


District judges usually concentrate on managing their court's overall caseload, supervising trials, and writing opinions in response to important motions like the motion for summary judgment. Since the 1960s, routine tasks like resolving discovery disputes can, in the district judge's discretion, be referred to magistrate judges. Magistrate judges can also be requested to prepare reports and recommendations on contested matters for the district judge's consideration or, with the consent of all parties, to assume complete jurisdiction over a case including conducting the trial. Summary judgment in U.S. legal practice is a judgment awarded by the court prior to trial, based upon the courts finding that: (1) there are no issues of material fact requiring a trial for their resolution, and (2) in applying the law to the undisputed facts, one party... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969, inclusive. ...


Federal magistrate judges are not Article III judges with guaranteed lifetime employment. Rather, they are hired and supervised by district judges like any other court employee, and they can be fired at any time for any rational reason (for example, if Congress cuts the judiciary's budget). Occasionally a capable magistrate judge will be nominated by the President to become a district judge, but magistrate judge is just one of the possible “stepping stones” to such an appointment.


Jurisdiction

To file a civil case (that is, “sue someone”) in federal district court, a person must have a reason why a federal court, instead of a state court, should adjudicate the dispute. By law, the bases for federal jurisdiction (the power to hear and decide a case) are: Subject matter jurisdiction is a legal term used in civil procedure to indicate that a case must be entered in the proper court of law based on the nature of the claim. ...

  • United States as a plaintiff;
  • United States (or in certain cases a federal officer or employee) as a defendant;
  • Federal question jurisdiction”, which means the complaint is based on a federal law (which may be the Constitution or a statute);
  • Admiralty” or “maritime” jurisidiction, which, very generally, applies to and governs disputes which arise out of acts occurring at sea or in other “navigable waters” within the United States.
  • Diversity of citizenship”, which means the plaintiff, or person suing, and defendant (person being sued) live in different states and the “amount in controversy” is more than the statutory minimum, which is currently $75,000.00; and
  • “Alienage”, which is a variant of diversity of citizenship, wherein one party is a United States citizen and the other is a foreign national who does not reside in any state - alien residents of the United States are treated as citizens for purposes of diversity and alienage jurisdiction - and the amount in controversy exceeds $75,000.00.

Thus, not every legal dispute can be litigated in federal court, hence the expression “make a federal case out of it.” A plaintiff, also known as a claimant or complainant, is the party who initiates a lawsuit (also known as an action) before a court. ... Federal question jurisdiction is a term used in the United States law of civil procedure to refer to the situation in which a United States federal court has subject matter jurisdiction to hear a civil case because the plaintiff has alleged a violation of the Constitution, laws, or treaties of... Admiralty law (usually referred to as simply admiralty and also referred to as maritime law or Law of the Sea) is a distinct body of law which governs maritime questions and offenses. ... Diversity jurisdiction is a term used in civil procedure to refer to the situation in which a United States district court has subject matter jurisdiction to hear a civil case because the parties are diverse, meaning that they come from different states. ... Amount in controversy (sometimes called jurisdictional amount) is a term used in United States civil procedure to denote a requirement that persons seeking to bring a lawsuit in a particular court must be suing for a certain minimum amount before that court may hear the case. ...


Federal district courts often decide claims based on state law. Sometimes this is because only state law claims were pleaded and the only basis for federal jurisdiction is diversity of citizenship or alienage. Other times, even though there is a federal question in the case, the plaintiff has also pleaded state law claims as well, which the federal courts have the discretion to hear through supplemental jurisdiction. Either way, the United States Supreme Court has ruled that in such situations, the district courts must resolve state law claims by applying the law of the state in which they sit. They cannot make up and apply general federal common law (which was the old rule). Supplemental jurisdiction in the United States is the jurisdiction excercised by federal courts over a case regarding state law in order to resolve all the issues between the parties without having to litigate the same facts more than once. ...


Although in matters of civil law there are often parallel federal and state laws, providing an aggrieved party with a choice of venue, there are some matters which may only be adjudicated in the Federal courts; these include most intellectual property questions and matters related to international relations. In some situations, Federal law provides both for the exclusive jurisdiction of Federal courts and for the immunity of the defendant from the power of those courts. One example of this is patent-infringement claims against a state government: only the Federal courts may hear patent cases, but the states have sovereign immunity from such suits under the Eleventh Amendment. Although a state may choose to waive its immunity in such a case and allow it to proceed to trial, if it does not do so, the plaintiff has no recourse. This doctrine was reaffirmed in a United States Supreme Court case, Florida Prepaid Postsecondary Education Expense Board v. College Savings Bank, 527 U.S. 627 (1999). In law, intellectual property (IP) is an umbrella term for various legal entitlements which attach to certain types of information, ideas, or other intangibles in their expressed form. ... International relations (IR), a branch of political science, is the study of foreign affairs of and relations among states within the international system, including the roles of states, inter-governmental organizations (IGOs), non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and multinational corporations (MNCs). ... A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a state to a person for a fixed period of time in exchange for the regulated, public disclosure of certain details of a device, method, process or composition of matter (substance) (known as an invention) which is new, inventive, and... Sovereign immunity or crown immunity is a type of immunity that, in common law jurisdictions traces its origins from early English law. ... Amendment XI (the Eleventh Amendment) of the United States Constitution was passed by the US Congress on March 4, 1794 and was ratified on February 7, 1795. ... The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C. The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C., (large image) The Supreme Court of the United States, located in Washington, D.C., is the highest court (see supreme court) in the United States; that is, it has ultimate judicial authority within the United States... // Case citation is the system used in common law countries such as the United States, England and Wales, Canada, New Zealand, Australia and India to uniquely identify the location of past court cases in special series of books called reporters or law reports. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Old Farts by the Sometimes-United Nations. ...


District courts also have limited jurisdiction as an appellate court, reviewing decisions of the Trademark Trial and Appeals Board and of United States bankruptcy courts (except in those circuits that have created a specialized Bankruptcy Appellate Panel to do so). It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Appeal. ... The Trademark Trial and Appeal Board (or TTAB) is a body within the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) responsible for hearing and deciding certain kinds of cases involving trademarks. ... In the United States, Federal courts have exclusive jurisdiction over bankruptcy cases. ...


Attorneys

In order to represent a party in a case in a district court, a person must be an attorney at law and generally must be admitted to the bar of that particular court. The United States does not have a separate bar examination for federal practice (except with respect to patent law). Admission to the bar of a district court is generally granted as a matter of course to any attorney who is admitted to practice law in the state where the district court sits. The attorney submits his application with a fee and takes the oath of admission. Local practice varies as to whether the oath is given in writing or in open court before a judge of the district. For information on the type of fish called Lawyer, see the article on Burbot. ... A bar examination is a lengthy examination (two or more days) conducted at regular intervals to determine whether a candidate is qualified to practice law in a given jurisdiction. ... A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a government to an inventor or applicant for a limited amount of time (normally maximum 20 years from the filing date, depending on extension). ... In the United States, admission to the bar is permission granted to a lawyer to practice law. ...


Appeals

Generally, a final ruling by a district court in either a civil or a criminal case can be appealed to the United States court of appeals in the federal judicial circuit in which the district court is located, except that some district court rulings involving patents and certain other specialized matters must be appealed instead to the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, and in a very few cases the appeal may be taken directly to the United States Supreme Court. The United States Courts of Appeals (or circuit courts) are the mid-level appellate courts of the United States federal court system. ... Congress has divided the United States into a number of judicial circuits, each of which includes several District Courts and a Court of Appeals to decide appeals from cases decided in the district courts within the circuit. ... The United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, or simply the Federal Circuit, was founded in 1982 to combine similar federal cases to a specialized appellate court. ... The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C. The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C., (large image) The Supreme Court of the United States, located in Washington, D.C., is the highest court (see supreme court) in the United States; that is, it has ultimate judicial authority within the United States...


Busiest district courts

Not surprisingly, the busiest and largest district courts are the ones that serve the three largest cities in the United States: New York, Los Angeles, and Chicago. Respectively, they are the district courts for the Southern District of New York, the Central District of California, and the Northern District of Illinois. Nickname: Big Apple Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area    - City 1,214. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 606. ... The United States District Court for the Southern District of New York (SDNY) is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the following counties: New York, Bronx, Westchester, Putnam, Rockland, Orange, Dutchess, and Sullivan. ... The U.S. District Court for the Central District of California (commonly referred to as the CDCA or CACD) is the U.S. district court serving some 17 million people in southern and central California, making it the largest federal judicial district by population. ... The United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the following counties, divided into two divisions: The eastern division: Cook, DuPage, Grundy, Kane, Kendall, La Salle, Lake, and Will counties. ...


Together, these three courts have the most judges, personnel, and facilities, and publish a large portion of the opinions reported in the Federal Supplement. The Federal Supplement is a case law reporter published by West Publishing in the United States that includes select opinions of the United States district courts. ...


The Central District of California is the largest federal district by population, since it encompasses practically all of the Los Angeles metropolitan area, while the City of New York is divided between the Southern and Eastern Districts of New York, and many New York suburbs are covered by district courts in New Jersey and Connecticut. The Greater Los Angeles Area is the agglomeration of urbanized area around the city of Los Angeles, California. ... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  Ranked 47th  - Total 8,729 sq mi (22,608 km²)  - Width 70 miles (110 km)  - Length 150 miles (240 km)  - % water 14. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


List of United States district courts

  1. United States District Court for the Middle District of Alabama (M.D.Ala.)
  2. United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama (N.D.Ala.)
  3. United States District Court for the Southern District of Alabama (S.D.Ala..)
  4. United States District Court for the District of Alaska (D.Aka.)
  5. United States District Court for the District of Arizona (D.Ariz.)
  6. United States District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas (E.D.Ark.)
  7. United States District Court for the Western District of Arkansas (W.D.Ark.)
  8. United States District Court for the Central District of California (C.D.Cal.)
  9. United States District Court for the Eastern District of California (E.D.Cal.)
  10. United States District Court for the Northern District of California (N.D.Cal.)
  11. United States District Court for the Southern District of California (S.D.Cal.)
  12. United States District Court for the District of Colorado (D.Col.)
  13. United States District Court for the District of Connecticut (D.Conn.)
  14. United States District Court for the District of Delaware (D.Del.)
  15. United States District Court for the District of Columbia (D.D.C.)
  16. United States District Court for the Middle District of Florida (M.D.Fla.)
  17. United States District Court for the Northern District of Florida (N.D.Fla.)
  18. United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida (S.D.Fla.)
  19. United States District Court for the Middle District of Georgia (M.D.Ga.)
  20. United States District Court for the Northern District of Georgia (N.D.Ga.)
  21. United States District Court for the Southern District of Georgia (S.D.Ga.)
  22. United States District Court for the District of Hawaii (D.Haw.)
  23. United States District Court for the District of Idaho (D.Ida.)
  24. United States District Court for the Central District of Illinois (C.D.Ill.)
  25. United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois (N.D.Ill.)
  26. United States District Court for the Southern District of Illinois (S.D.Ill.)
  27. United States District Court for the Northern District of Indiana (N.D.Ind.)
  28. United States District Court for the Southern District of Indiana (S.D.Ind.)
  29. United States District Court for the Northern District of Iowa (N.D.Iowa)
  30. United States District Court for the Southern District of Iowa (S.D.Iowa)
  31. United States District Court for the District of Kansas (D.Kan.)
  32. United States District Court for the Eastern District of Kentucky (E.D.Ky.)
  33. United States District Court for the Western District of Kentucky (W.D.Ky.)
  34. United States District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana (E.D.La.)
  35. United States District Court for the Middle District of Louisiana (M.D.La.)
  36. United States District Court for the Western District of Louisiana (W.D.La.)
  37. United States District Court for the District of Maine (D.Maine)
  38. United States District Court for the District of Maryland (D.Md.)
  39. United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts (D.Mass.)
  40. United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan (E.D.Mich.)
  41. United States District Court for the Western District of Michigan (W.D.Mich.)
  42. United States District Court for the District of Minnesota (D.Minn.)
  43. United States District Court for the Northern District of Mississippi (N.D.Miss.)
  44. United States District Court for the Southern District of Mississippi (S.D.Miss.)
  45. United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri (E.D.Mo.)
  46. United States District Court for the Western District of Missouri (W.D.Mo.)
  47. United States District Court for the District of Montana (D.Mont.)
  48. United States District Court for the District of Nebraska (D.Neb.)
  49. United States District Court for the District of Nevada (D.Nev.)
  50. United States District Court for the District of New Hampshire (D.N.H.)
  51. United States District Court for the District of New Jersey (D.N.J.)
  52. United States District Court for the District of New Mexico (D.N.M.)
  53. United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York (E.D.N.Y.)
  54. United States District Court for the Northern District of New York (N.D.N.Y.)
  55. United States District Court for the Southern District of New York (S.D.N.Y.)
  56. United States District Court for the Western District of New York (W.D.N.Y.)
  57. United States District Court for the Eastern District of North Carolina (E.D.N.C.)
  58. United States District Court for the Middle District of North Carolina (M.D.N.C.)
  59. United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina (W.D.N.C.)
  60. United States District Court for the District of North Dakota (D.N.D.)
  61. United States District Court for the Northern District of Ohio (N.D.Ohio)
  62. United States District Court for the Southern District of Ohio (S.D.Ohio)
  63. United States District Court for the Eastern District of Oklahoma (E.D.Ok.)
  64. United States District Court for the Northern District of Oklahoma (N.D.Ok.)
  65. United States District Court for the Western District of Oklahoma (W.D.Ok.)
  66. United States District Court for the District of Oregon (D.Ore.)
  67. United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania (E.D.Penn.)
  68. United States District Court for the Middle District of Pennsylvania (M.D.Penn.)
  69. United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania (W.D.Penn.)
  70. United States District Court for the District of Puerto Rico (D.P.R.)
  71. United States District Court for the District of Rhode Island (D.R.I.)
  72. United States District Court for the District of South Carolina (D.S.C.)
  73. United States District Court for the District of South Dakota (D.S.Dak.)
  74. United States District Court for the Eastern District of Tennessee (E.D.Tenn.)
  75. United States District Court for the Middle District of Tennessee (M.D.Tenn.)
  76. United States District Court for the Western District of Tennessee (W.D.Tenn.)
  77. United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas (E.D.Tex.)
  78. United States District Court for the Northern District of Texas (N.D.Tex.)
  79. United States District Court for the Southern District of Texas (S.D.Tex.)
  80. United States District Court for the Western District of Texas (W.D.Tex.)
  81. United States District Court for the District of Utah (D.Utah)
  82. United States District Court for the District of Vermont (D.Vt.)
  83. United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia (E.D.Va.)
  84. United States District Court for the Western District of Virginia (W.D.Va.)
  85. United States District Court for the Eastern District of Washington (E.D.Wash.)
  86. United States District Court for the Western District of Washington (W.D.Wash.)
  87. United States District Court for the Northern District of West Virginia (N.D.W.Va.)
  88. United States District Court for the Southern District of West Virginia (S.D.W.Va.)
  89. United States District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin (E.D.Wis.)
  90. United States District Court for the Western District of Wisconsin (W.D.Wis.)
  91. United States District Court for the District of Wyoming (D.Wyo.)

Federal district courts for U.S. territories: The United States District Court for the Middle District of Alabama is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the following counties: Autauga, Barbour, Bullock, Butler, Chambers, Chilton, Coffee, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Elmore, Geneva, Henry, Houston, Lee, Lowndes, Macon, Montgomery, Pike, Russell, and Tallapoosa. ... The United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the following counties: Bibb, Blount, Calhoun, Cherokee, Clay, Cleburne, Colbert, Cullman, De Kalb, Etowah, Fayette, Franklin, Greene, Jackson, Jefferson, Lamar, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Limestone, Madison, Marion, Marshall, Morgan, Pickens, Randolph... The United States District Court for the Southern District of Alabama is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the following counties: Baldwin, Choctaw, Clarke, Conecuh, Dallas, Escambia, Hale, Marengo, Mobile, Monroe, Perry, Washington, and Wilcox. ... The United States District Court for the District of Alaska is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the state of Alaska. ... The United States District Court for the District of Arizona is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the state of Arizona. ... The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas is further subdivided into six divisions, which collectively cover 41 Arkansas counties. ... The United States District Court for the Western District of Arkansas is further subdivided into six divisions, which collectively cover 34 Arkansas counties. ... The U.S. District Court for the Central District of California (commonly referred to as the CDCA or CACD) is the U.S. district court serving some 17 million people in southern and central California, making it the largest federal judicial district by population. ... The U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of California is composed of six divisions. ... The United States District Court for the Northern District of California is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the following counties: Alameda, Contra Costa, Del Norte, Humboldt, Lake, Marin, Mendocino, Monterey, Napa, San Benito, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Santa Cruz, and Sonoma. ... The United States District Court for the Southern District of California is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the following counties: Imperial and San Diego. ... The United States District Court for the District of Colorado is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the state of Colorado. ... The United States District Court for the District of Connecticut is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the state of Connecticut. ... The United States District Court for the District of Delaware is the Federal district court having jurisdiction over the entire state of Delaware. ... The United States District Court for the District of Columbia is the United States District Court that hears cases originating in the District of Columbia under Federal law. ... The United States District Court for the Middle District of Florida serves the residents of thirty-five counties from eight courthouses. ... The U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Florida serves the residents of twenty-three counties. ... The United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the following counties: Broward, Dade, Highlands, Indian River, Martin, Monroe, Okeechobee, Palm Beach, and St. ... The U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Georgia serves the residents of sixty-nine counties from seven divisions from its headquarters in Macon, Georgia. ... The U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Georgia serves the residents of forty-six counties. ... The U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Georgia serves the residents of thirty-four counties through six divisions. ... The United States District Court for the District of Hawaii is the principal trial court of the United States Federal Court System in the state of Hawaii. ... The United States District Court for the District of Idaho is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the state of Idaho exclusive of Yellowstone National Park. ... The U.S. District Court for the Central District of Illinois serves the residents of forty-six counties from its four courthouses. ... The United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the following counties, divided into two divisions: The eastern division: Cook, DuPage, Grundy, Kane, Kendall, La Salle, Lake, and Will counties. ... The United States District Court for the Southern District of Illinois is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the following counties: Alexander, Bond, Calhoun, Clark, Clay, Clinton, Crawford, Cumberland, Edwards, Effingham, Fayette, Franklin, Gallatin, Hamilton, Hardin, Jackson, Jasper, Jefferson, Jersey, Johnson, Lawrence, Madison, Marion, Massac, Monroe, Perry... The E. Ross Adair Federal Building, seat of the Fort Wayne division of the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Indiana The U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Indiana was created in 1928 by an act of Congress that split Indiana into two separate... The U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Indiana was created in 1928 by an act of Congress that split Indiana into two separate districts, northern and southern. ... The United States District Court for the District of Kansas is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the state of Kansas. ... The U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana is a federal court in the Fifth Circuit with facilities in New Orleans and Houma. ... The U.S. District Court for the District of Maine is the U.S. district court for the state of Maine. ... The United States District Court for the District of Maryland is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the state of Maryland. ... The United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is the state of Massachusetts. ... The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan is the Federal district court with jurisdiction consisting of the eastern portion of the state of Michigan. ... The United States District Court for the Western District of Michigan is the Federal district court with jurisdiction consisting of the western portion of the state of Michigan, including the entire Upper Peninsula. ... The main courthouse in Minneapolis The United States District Court for the District of Minnesota is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the state of Minnesota. ... The United States District Court for the Northern District of Mississippi is a federal court in the Fifth Circuit with facilities in Aberdeen, Ackerman, Clarksdale, Cleveland, Corinth, Greenville, and Oxford. ... The United States District Court for the Southern District of Mississippi is a federal court in the Fifth Circuit with facilities in Biloxi. ... Map of the boundaries of the United States Courts of Appeals and United States District Courts The United States district courts are the general trial courts of the United States federal court system. ... The U.S. Courts for the Western District of Missouri encompass 66 counties in the western half of Missouri. ... The United States District Court for the District of Montana is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the state of Montana exclusive of Yellowstone National Park. ... The United States District Court for the District of Nebraska is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the state of Nebraska. ... The United States District Court for the District of Nevada is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the state of Nevada. ... The United States District Court for the District of New Hampshire is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the state of New Hampshire. ... The United States District Court for the District of New Jersey is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the state of New Jersey. ... The United States District Court for the District of New Mexico is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction comprises the state of New Mexico. ... The United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the entirety of Long Island and Staten Island. ... ŇThe United States District Court for the Northern District of New York is one of 88 judicial districts in the United States and one of four in the state of New York. ... The United States District Court for the Southern District of New York (SDNY) is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the following counties: New York, Bronx, Westchester, Putnam, Rockland, Orange, Dutchess, and Sullivan. ... The United States District Court for the Western District of New York is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the following counties: Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Chemung, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Ontario, Orelans, Schuyler, Seneca, Steuben, Wayne, Wyoming, and Yates. ... The U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of North Carolina is the U.S. District Court that serves the eastern 44 counties in North Carolina. ... The U.S. District Court for the Middle District of North Carolina 24 counties in the center of North Carolina. ... The United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the following counties: Alexander, Anson, Avery, Buncombe, Burke, Caldwell, Catawba, Cherokee, Clay, Cleveland, Gaston, Graham, Haywood, Henderson, Iredell, Jackson, Lincoln, Macon, Madison, McDowell, Mecklenburg, Mitchell, Polk, Rutherford, Swain... The United States District Court for the District of North Dakota, is the United States District Court or the Federal district court, whose jurisdiction is comprised of the state of North Dakota. ... The U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Ohio is the federal trial court for the northern half of Ohio. ... The United States District Court for the Southern District of Ohio is one of two United States district courts in Ohio and includes forty-eight of the states eighty-eight counties. ... The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Oklahoma is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the following counties: Adair, Atoka, Bryan, Carter, Cherokee, Choctaw, Coal, Haskell, Hughes, Johnston, Latimer, Le Flore, Love, Marshall, McCurtain, McIntosh, Murray, Muskogee, Okfuskee, Okmulgee, Pittsburg, Pontotoc, Pushmataha, Seminole, Sequoyah... The United States District Court for the Northern District of Oklahoma is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the following counties: Craig, Creek, Delaware, Mayes, Nowata, Osage, Ottawa, Pawnee, Rogers, Tulsa, and Washington. ... The United States District Court for the Western District of Oklahoma is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the following counties: Alfalfa, Beaver, Beckham, Blaine, Caddo, Canadian, Cimarron, Cleveland, Comanche, Cotton, Custer, Dewey, Ellis, Garfield, Garvin, Grady, Grant, Greer, Harmon, Harper, Jackson, Jefferson, Kay, Kingfisher, Kiowa, Lincoln... The United States District Court for the District of Oregon is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the state of Oregon. ... The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania is one of the original 13 federal judiciary districts created by the Judiciary Act of 1789, and originally sat in Independence Hall in Philadelphia as the U.S. District Court for the District of Pennsylvania. ... The Middle District of Pennsylvania Seal The Middle District of Pennsylvania The United States District Court for the Middle District of Pennsylvania was created in 1901 by subdividing the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania and the United States District Court for the Western District of... The United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania sits in Pittsburgh, Erie, and Johnstown, Pennsylvania. ... The United States District Court for the District of Puerto Rico is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. ... The United States District Court for the District of Rhode Island is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the state of Rhode Island. ... The United States District Court for the District of South Carolina is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the state of South Carolina. ... The United States District Court for the District of South Dakota, is the United States District Court or the Federal district court, whose jurisdiction is comprised of the state of South Dakota. ... The United States District Court for the Middle District of Tennessee is the federal trial court for most of Middle Tennessee. ... The United States District Court for the Western District of Tennessee is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the following counties: Benton, Carroll, Chester, Crockett, Decatur, Dyer, Fayette, Gibson, Hardeman, Hardin, Haywood, Henderson, Henry, Lake, Lauderdale, Madison, McNairy, Obion, Perry, Shelby, Tipton, and Weakley. ... The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas is the Federal district court with jurisdiction over the eastern part of Texas and is a part of the Fifth Circuit. ... The United States District Court for the Northern District of Texas is part of the Fifth Circuit, which includes Louisiana, Mississippi and Texas. ... Map of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Texas and the jurisdictions therein The United States District Court for the Southern District of Texas is the Federal district court with jurisdiction over the southern part of Texas and is a part of the Fifth Circuit. ... The United States District Court for the Western District of Texas (W.D.Tex) is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the counties in the Western part of the state of Texas. ... The United States District Court for the District of Utah is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is the state of Utah. ... The United States District Court for the District of Vermont is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the state of Vermont. ... The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia is one of two United States district courts serving the Commonwealth of Virginia. ... The United States District Court for the Western District of Virginia is a United States district court which is seated in the following locations in Virginia: Abingdon Big Stone Gap Charlottesville Danville Harrisonburg Lynchburg Roanoke The people are represented in this court by the United States Attorney for the Western... The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Washington is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction comprises the following counties: Adams, Asotin, Benton, Chelan, Columbia, Douglas, Ferry, Franklin, Garfield, Grant, Kittitas, Klickitat, Lincoln, Okanogan, Pend Oreille, Spokane, Stevens, Walla Walla, Whitman, and Yakima. ... The United States District Court for the Western District of Washington is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction comprises the following counties: Clallam, Clark, Cowlitz, Grays Harbor, Island, Jefferson, King, Kitsap, Lewis, Mason, Pacific, Pierce, San Juan, Skagit, Skamania, Snohomish, Thurston, Wahkiakum, and Whatcom. ... The U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin serves the residents of twenty-eight counties from its two courthouses. ... The U.S. District Court for the Western District of Wisconsin sits in Madison at the Robert W. Kastenmeier United States Courthouse. ... The United States District Court for the District of Wyoming is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the state of Wyoming and those portions of Yellowstone National Park situated in Montana and Idaho. ...

  1. District Court of Guam (D.Gu.)
  2. District Court for the Northern Mariana Islands (D.M.P.)
  3. District Court of the Virgin Islands (D.V.I.)

The United States federal courts are the system of courts organized under the Constitution and laws of the federal government of the United States. ... The United States Courts of Appeals (or circuit courts) are the mid-level appellate courts of the United States federal court system. ... The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest judicial body in the United States and leads the judicial branch of the United States federal government. ...

Extinct district courts

Most extinct district courts have disappeared by being divided into smaller districts. The following courts were subdivided out of existence:

  • United States District Court for the District of Alabama
  • United States District Court for the District of Arkansas
  • United States District Court for the District of California
  • United States District Court for the District of Florida
  • United States District Court for the District of Georgia
  • United States District Court for the District of Illinois
  • United States District Court for the District of Indiana
  • United States District Court for the District of Iowa
  • United States District Court for the District of Kentucky
  • United States District Court for the District of Louisiana
  • United States District Court for the District of Michigan
  • United States District Court for the District of Mississippi
  • United States District Court for the District of Missouri
  • United States District Court for the District of New York
  • United States District Court for the District of North Carolina
  • United States District Court for the District of Ohio
  • United States District Court for the District of Pennsylvania
  • United States District Court for the District of Texas
  • United States District Court for the District of Virginia
  • United States District Court for the District of Washington
  • United States District Court for the District of West Virginia
  • United States District Court for the District of Wisconsin

On rare occasions, an extinct district court was extinguished by merging it with other district courts. In every case, this has restored a district court which had been subdivided: The United States District Court for the District of Alabama is an extinct federal district court which was subdivided into the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Alabama and the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Alabama in 1824. ... The U.S. Attorney for the District of Michigan represented the interests of the people in the U.S. District Court for the District of Michigan from the end of the territorial period until December 24, 1863, when the U.S. Congress split Michigan into two federal districts. ... The United States District Court for the District of Pennsylvania is an extinct federal district court which was subdivided into the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania and the United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania in 1815. ...

There are a few additional extinct district courts which don't fall into either of the above two patterns. The Union Jack, flag of the newly formed United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... --69. ... The United States District Court for the District of New Jersey is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the state of New Jersey. ... 1794 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1797 (MDCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... The United States District Court for the District of South Carolina is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the state of South Carolina. ...

  • From 1801 to 1802, the District of Columbia and pieces of Maryland and Virginia formed the United States District Court for the District of Potomac, which was the first United States district court to cross state lines. During the same period, the United States District Court for the District of Norfolk was carved out of another piece of Virginia. The United States District Courts for the Districts of Maryland and Virginia remained during this brief period.
  • From 1801 to 1802, and again from 1802 to 1872, the state of North Carolina was subdivided into the United States District Courts for the Districts of Albemarle, Cape Fear, and Pamptico. These courts were extinguished when the state was reorganized into the United States District Courts for the Eastern and Western Districts of North Carolina.
  • The United States District Court for the District of Orleans was renamed the United States District Court for the District of Louisiana when the Territory of Orleans became the State of Louisiana.
  • The United States District Court for the Canal Zone was abolished, effective March 31, 1982, as part of the process of returning the Canal Zone to Panama. Cases then pending in the Canal Zone court were transferred to the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana in New Orleans.

The Union Jack, flag of the newly formed United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... --69. ... The Union Jack, flag of the newly formed United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... --69. ... --69. ... 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Orleans Territory was a historic, organized territory of the United States formed out of the first subdivision of the Louisiana Purchase. ... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (91st in Leap years), with 275 days remaining. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Panama Canal Zone (Spanish: ), was a 553 square mile (1,432 km²) territory inside of Panama, consisting of the Panama Canal and an area generally extending 5 miles (8. ... The U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana is a federal court in the Fifth Circuit with facilities in New Orleans and Houma. ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
United States District Courts (250 words)
Three territories of the United States -- the Virgin Islands, Guam, and the Northern Mariana Islands -- have district courts that hear federal cases, including bankruptcy cases.
Bankruptcy courts are separate units of the district courts.
The United States Court of Federal Claims has jurisdiction over most claims for money damages against the United States, disputes over federal contracts, unlawful "takings" of private property by the federal government, and a variety of other claims against the United States.
United States district court - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3113 words)
United States District Court for the District of Idaho (D.Ida.)
United States District Court for the District of Iowa
United States District Court for the District of Wisconsin
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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