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Encyclopedia > United States Special Operations Forces

The United States Special Operations Forces is the official category which the United States Department of Defense lists the U.S. military units that have a training specialization in unconventional warfare and special operations. Special Operations Forces are often refered to incorrectly as U.S. Special Forces, which, in actuality, is the official name for the Green Berets. The United States Department of Defense (DOD or DoD) is the federal department charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government relating directly to national security and the military. ... The Military of the United States, also known as the United States Armed Forces, is structured into five branches consisting of the: United States Army United States Marine Corps United States Navy United States Air Force United States Coast Guard Reserves United States National Guard United States Army Reserve United... Unconventional warfare (UW) is the opposite of conventional warfare. ... Special Forces (SF) or Special Operations Forces (SOF) are highly-trained military units that conduct specialized operations such as reconnaissance, unconventional warfare, and counter-terrorism actions. ... Special Forces (SF) or Special Operations Forces (SOF) are highly-trained military units that conduct specialized operations such as reconnaissance, unconventional warfare, and counter-terrorism actions. ... The United States Army Special Forces—or simply Special Forces (capitalized)—is an elite Special Operations Force of the United States Army trained for unconventional warfare and special operations. ...


The Department refers to such units (and similar foreign organizations) as Special Operations Forces (SOF). Special Forces (SF) or Special Operations Forces (SOF) are highly-trained military units that conduct specialized operations such as reconnaissance, unconventional warfare, and counter-terrorism actions. ...

Contents

General information

While in the continental U.S., most SOF units fall administratively under their assigned branch of the military, but organizationally under U.S. Special Operations Command (SOCOM). Operational control of deployed units falls under the respective COCOM and its Special Operations Command structure. However, the Secretary of Defense can place all Special Operations Forces, as well as U.S. Navy SEAL units, selected units of the U.S. Air Force, and other units under the direct control of the SOCOM, usually in time of active hostilities.[citation needed] The continental United States is a term referring to the United States situated on the North American continent. ... Emblem of the United States Special Operations Command. ... The United States Secretary of Defense is the head of the United States Department of Defense (DoD), concerned with the armed services and The role of the Secretary of Defense is to be the principal defense policy advisor to the President and is responsible for the formulation of general defense... USN redirects here. ... “Navy seals” redirects here. ... The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial warfare branch of the United States armed forces and one of the seven uniformed services. ...


U.S. SOF units have the same basic role in warfare as the special forces of most other countries, supplying small, elite units that can operate far behind enemy lines on sabotage, reconnaissance, counter-insurgency and other missions. Most have extensive airborne training.[citation needed] Special Forces (SF) or Special Operations Forces (SOF) are highly-trained military units that conduct specialized operations such as reconnaissance, unconventional warfare, and counter-terrorism actions. ... “Saboteur” redirects here. ... Mixed reconnaissance patrol of the Polish Home Army and the Soviet Red Army during Operation Tempest, 1944 Reconnaissance is the military term for the active gathering of information about an enemy, or other conditions, by physical observation. ... Counter-insurgency is the combating of insurgency, by the government (or allies) of the territory in which the insurgency takes place. ... Airborne Military parachuting form of insertion. ...

U.S. Army Rangers on patrol Copyright Public domain: United States Army. ... U.S. Army Rangers on patrol Copyright Public domain: United States Army. ... The 75th Ranger Regiment—also known as the United States Army Rangers—is an elite light infantry special operations force of the United States Army Special Operations Command (USASOC); with headquarters in Fort Benning, Georgia. ...

List of United States Special Operations Forces

Counter-Terrorist Units

The 1st Special Forces Operational Detachment-Delta (1st SFOD-D) — commonly known as Delta in the U.S. Army, Delta Force by civilians, and Combat Applications Group by the Department of Defense — is a Special Operations Force (SOF) and an integral element of the Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC). ... USASOC shoulder sleeve patch. ... SEAL Team SIX patch The United States Naval Special Warfare Development Group; otherwise known as NAVSPECWARDEVGRU, the NSWDG, or simply as DEVGRU; is the premier Navy SEAL unit and the United States Navys primary Counter-Terrorism and covert operation unit. ... NAVSPECWARCOM logo. ... Intelligence Support Activity patch The US Army Intelligence Support Activity (USAISA, frequently shortened to Intelligence Support Activity or ISA, and nicknamed The Activity) is a United States Army Special Operations unit originally subordinated to the US Army Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM) but now part of the Joint Special Operations... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Intelligence Support Activity. ... USASOC shoulder sleeve patch. ... The Hostage Rescue Team (HRT) is the United States Federal Bureau of Investigations Counter-Terrorism tactical unit. ... The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a federal criminal investigative, intelligence agency, and the primary investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). ...

Special Operation Forces

United States Army

USASOC shoulder sleeve patch. ... The United States Army Special Forces—or simply Special Forces (capitalized)—is an elite Special Operations Force of the United States Army trained for unconventional warfare and special operations. ... The 75th Ranger Regiment—also known as the United States Army Rangers—is an elite light infantry special operations force of the United States Army Special Operations Command (USASOC); with headquarters in Fort Benning, Georgia. ... The 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment (Airborne) (160th SOAR (A)) is a special operations force of the United States Army that provides aviation support by helicopters to general purpose forces and other special operations forces. ... 4th Psychological Operations Group (Airborne) is the only active duty PSYOP element in the United States Army, constituting 26 percent of all U.S. Army Psychological Operations units. ... The 95th Civil Affairs Brigade (Airborne) is the only active component Civil Affairs brigade within the Department of Defense. ...

United States Navy

  • Special Warfare Combatant-craft Crewmen (SWCC "Swics", Special Boat Teams)

NAVSPECWARCOM logo. ... “Navy seals” redirects here. ... Mark 8 mod 1 SDV Swimmer Delivery Vehicles (SDVs) are midget wet submersibles designed to transport combat swimmers or naval Special Forces underwater, over long distances. ... It has been suggested that Improvised Explosive Device Disposal be merged into this article or section. ... The purpose of United States psychological operations (PSYOP) is to induce or reinforce attitudes and behaviors favorable to U.S. objectives. ... A United States Navy Diver refers to a member of the community of officer and enlisted personnel in the United States Navy who are qualified in underwater scuba and deep sea diving. ...

United States Air Force

Air Force Special Operations Command (AFSOC) was established May 22, 1990, with headquarters at Hurlburt Field, Fla. ... // Activated as the 16th Pursuit Group on December 1, 1932, in the Panama Canal Zone. ... The AC-130 Gunship is an armed variant of the Lockheed C-130 Hercules. ... U.S. Marines jump from an Osprey. ... The Lockheed C-130 Hercules, a four-engine turboprop aircraft, is the main tactical air transport aircraft of the United States and UK military forces. ... The MC-130E/H Combat Talon I/II is a special operations variant of the C-130 aircraft operated by the United States Air Force. ... The Sikorsky S-65 is a heavy transport helicopter originally developed for use by the United States Marine Corps, who designated it the CH-53 Sea Stallion. ... The Bell UH-1 Iroquois, commonly known as the Huey, was a multipurpose military helicopter, famous for its use in the Vietnam war. ... The CN-235 is a medium-range turbo-prop aircraft developed jointly between CASA in Spain and IPTN in Indonesia as a regional airliner and military transport. ... The Antonov An-26 (NATO reporting name: Curl) is a 2-engined light prop transport aircraft and is a development of the An-24. ... The U-28A utility aircraft provides multi-role intra-theater support for special operations forces. ... The CASA C.212 Aviocar is a turboprop-powered STOL medium transport aircraft designed and built in Spain for civil and military use. ... Russian Mi-8 Hip The Mil Mi-8 (NATO reporting name Hip) is a large transport helicopter that can also act as a gunship. ... 352 SOG emblem The 352d Special Operations Group (352 SOG) is the United States Air Force component for Special Operations Command Europe, a sub-unified command of the United States European Command. ... // Lineage Established as 3d Air Commando Group on 25 Apr 1944. ... Air Force Special Tactics are special operations personnel of the United States Air Force under the Air Force Special Operations Command or AFSOC, a branch of the United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM). ... Air Force Special Tactics are special operations personnel of the United States Air Force under the Air Force Special Operations Command or AFSOC, a branch of the United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

United States Marine Corps

United States Marine Corps Forces Special Operations Command (MARSOC) is a component command of the U.S. Special Operations Command (SOCOM) that comprises the Marine Corps contribution to SOCOM. Its core capabilities are direct action, special reconnaissance, foreign internal defense, counterterrorism, information operations, and unconventional warfare. ... Not to be confused with Marine Recon Battalions . ... Marine Reconnaissance Battalions in the United States Marine Corps, often called Recon Marines, exist to provide information about the enemy situation to higher command via patrols behind enemy lines. ... A Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) is the smallest Marine Air-Ground Task Force in the United States Marine Corps. ... The RRT of the 22d MEU-SOC, Tunisia, 1997 The Radio Reconnaissance Platoon is the special operations element of the United States Marine Corps Radio Battalion. ... Two marines from the 1st Fleet Anti-Terrorism Security Team (FAST) Battalion guarding an Iraqi oil rig in April 2004 The Fleet Antiterrorism Security Team (FAST) is a branch of the United States Marine Corps security forces capable of rapidly deploying to improve security at United States Government installations worldwide. ... Special Reaction Teams (SRT) In anticipation of possible terrorist attacks against US Marine Corps and Navy installations, many bases have formed Special Reaction Teams. ... Scout Sniper, (MOS 8541) is a specialist in the United States Marine Corps whose mission to deny the enemy freedom of movement by shooting enemy leaders, crew-served weapons operators, radiomen, observers, messengers, and other key personnel with single, well-aimed shots. ...

United States Coast Guard

USCG HH-65 Dolphin USCG HH-60J JayHawk The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is a branch of the United States armed forces and is involved in maritime law enforcement, mariner assistance, search and rescue, and national defense. ... // Overview A US Coast Guard PSU TPSB guarding th USS John F. Kennedy in the Middle East . Coast Guard Port Security Units are elite deployable units organized for sustained force protection operations. ... The United States Coast Guard (USCG) officially established the Law Enforcement Detachment or LEDET program in 1982. ... // An MSST or Maritime Safety and Security Team is a new United States Coast Guard anti-terrorism team established to protect local maritime assets. ...

Intelligence Community Special Units

Logo used on the Intelligence Community web site. ... The Strategic Support Branch, or SSB, is (allegedly) a previously undisclosed clandestine military organization created by United States Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld. ... The Defense Intelligence Agency, or DIA, is a major producer and manager of military intelligence for the United States Department of Defense. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is an intelligence agency of the United States government. ... Lieutenant General Keith B. Alexander, 16th and current director of the NSA (2005–). The National Security Agency/Central Security Service (NSA/CSS) is the United States governments cryptologic organization that was officially established on November 4, 1952. ... The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is an intelligence agency of the United States government. ... The Proactive and Preemptive Operations Group (aka PPOG or P2OG), is reported to be a clandestine military intelligence agency established in 2002. ... The United States Department of Defense (DOD or DoD) is the federal department charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government relating directly to national security and the military. ...

Disbanded or Inactive Units

In the modern U.S. military structure since World War II, dozens of special operations units have been formed and later disbanded. Many were created for a specific, limited objective (such as Task Force 11), or for a specific conflict. In some cases, a special operations unit is reconstituted under a different name, usually for reasons of security, or evolves from a pilot project into a more permanent force. See Former United States special operations units. Task Force 11 is a joint navy seal delta force team which main purpose is to hunt down and capture taliban and al-qaida leaders globalsecurity. ... This article is considered orphaned, since there are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...


U.S. Special Operations Centers, Schools, and Courses

Ranger Indoctrination Program (RIP) is a 4 week course held at Fort Benning, Georgia. ... Fort Benning is a United States Army base, located southwest of Columbus in Muscogee and Chattahoochee counties in Georgia and Russell County, Alabama It is part of the Columbus, Georgia Metropolitan Statistical Area. ... unit crest John F. Kennedy Special Warfare Center and School (USAJFKSWCS) trains United States Army personnel for the United States Army Special Operations Command (USASOC) and Army Special Operation Forces (ARSOF). ... Troopers of the 82nd training on Fort Bragg Paratroopers in training at Fort Bragg Fort Bragg is a major United States Army installation, in Cumberland and Hoke Counties, North Carolina, USA, near Fayetteville. ... The United States Naval Special Warfare Center (NSWC, also know as The Center) is part, a component command, of the Naval Special Warfare Command and is sited within the Naval base Coronado in San Diego, California. ... Hurlburt Field is a base of the United States Air Force located in Okaloosa County, Florida on the Eglin Air Force Base reservation immediately west of the Town of Mary Esther. ... // The Special Missions Training Center (SMTC) is a US Coast Guard run training facility that is located in Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. ... A Mk 47 Stryker being tested in 2002 at Camp Lejeune Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune is near Jacksonville, North Carolina, on the Atlantic seaboard of the United States. ...

Federal Law Enforcement Special Units

Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) is the largest investigative arm of the United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and is responsible for identifying and dismantling vulnerabilities regarding the nations border, economic, transportation and infrastructure security. ... Special Operations Group (SOG) is a tactical team composed of Deputy US Marshals for special operations. ... Seal United States Marshals star badge The United States Marshals Service (USMS) is a federal law enforcement agency within the United States Department of Justice (see 28 U.S.C. Â§ 561) and is the oldest federal law enforcement agency in the United States. ... The Hostage Rescue Team (HRT) is the United States Federal Bureau of Investigations Counter-Terrorism tactical unit. ... The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is the primary investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ), serving as both a federal criminal investigative body and a domestic intelligence agency. ... The DEAs enforcement activities may take agents anywhere from distant countries to suburban U.S. homes. ... The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (BATF) is a law enforcement agency within the United States Department of Justice. ... See also the Bureau of Diplomatic Security // The Diplomatic Security Service is the law enforcement arm of the U.S. State Department. ... The United States Department of State, often referred to as the State Department, is the Cabinet-level foreign affairs agency of the United States government, equivalent to foreign ministries in other countries. ...

Foreign Exchange Units

Australia

The Special Air Service Regiment (SASR) is a Special Forces regiment modelled on the original British SAS and also drawing on the traditions of the Australian World War II Z Special Force commando unit, as well as the Independent Companies which were active in the South Pacific during the same...

Canada

Joint Task Force 2 (JTF 2) was formed on April 1, 1993 and is the Canadian Forces unit responsible for federal Counter-Terrorist operations. ... The Canadian Special Operations Regiment (CSOR) is a highly trained high mobility force that is capable of independent operations as well as supporting both special and conventional operations forces. ...

United Kingdom

The Special Air Service Regiment (SAS) is the principal special forces unit of the British Army. ... The Special Boat Service (SBS) is the British Royal Navys special forces unit. ... The Special Reconnaissance Regiment (SRR) is a Special Forces Regiment of the British Armed Forces, which conducts special reconnaissance, predominantly, but not exclusively, in a Counter-Terrorism posture. ... The Special Forces Support Group (SFSG) is a unit of the United Kingdom Special Forces. ... The Royal Marines (RM), are the Royal Navys elite fighting forces. ... The Parachute Regiments display team, the Red Devils at an American airshow The Parachute Regiment is the main body of elite airborne troops of the British Army. ...

France

The GIGN (Groupe dIntervention de la Gendarmerie Nationale) is the French Gendarmeries elite counter-terrorism and hostage rescue unit. ... “Legionnaire” redirects here. ...

Germany

This article is about Germanys commando frogmen. ... The Kommando Spezialkräfte (Special Forces Command, KSK) is part of Germanys Special Forces. ... The Grenzschutzgruppe 9 (GSG 9) is the counter-terrorism unit of the German Federal Police, and is considered to be among the best of such units in the world. ...

Israel

Sayeret (Hebrew סיירת, pl. ... Sayeret Matkal (Hebrew: סיירת מטכל, translation: General Staff Reconnaissance unit) is the elite special forces unit of the Israeli Defence Force (IDF). ... The Sayeret Yahalom (formerly Sayeret Yael) is a special elite combat engineering unit of the Israeli Engineering Corps of the Israel Defense Forces. ... Shayetet 13 ( שייטת 13 ) is the Israeli naval commando elite special forces unit. ...

Mexico

  • Fuerzas Especiales
  • Grupo Aeromóvil de Fuerzas Especiales
  • Grupo Aeromóvil de Fuerzas Especiales del Alto Mando

The Fuerzas Especiales (Special Forces or FES) is special operations unit of the Mexican Navy, and was oficially established in late 2001. ... The Grupo Aeromóvil de Fuerzas Especiales (Special Forces Airmobile Group, GAFE) is a special forces unit of the Mexican Armys Special Forces Corps. ... Beret Insignia High Command GAFE The Grupo Aeromóvil de Fuerzas Especiales del Alto Mando (High Command Special Forces Airmobile Group) is a special operations unit of the Mexican Army. ...

Pakistan

Special Services Group Logo outside their headquarters. ... Special Service Group Navy (SSGN) is an independent commando division of the Pakistan Navy. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Poland

Official force name Other names GROM Grupa Reagowania Operacyjno-Manewrowego Polish Army GROM Force Branch Polish Army Chain of Command Directly subordinate to Polish Ministry of Defence Description Special Operations Force, rapidly deployable light infantry force. ...

See also

Emblem of the United States Special Operations Command. ... Emblem of the Joint Special Operations Command The Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC) is a component command of the United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

References

  • CSM Eric Haney (retired, former Delta Force operator and founding member [2002]. Inside Delta Force: The Story of America's Elite Counterterrorist Unit. Delacorte Press. ISBN 0-385-33603-9. 
  • Linda Robinson (2004). Masters of Chaos: The Secret History of the Special Forces. PublicAffairs. ISBN 1-58648-249-1. 
  • Mark Bowden (1999). Black Hawk Down: A Story of Modern Warfare. Atlantic Monthly Press. ISBN 0-87113-738-0. 
  • Sean Naylor (2005). Not a Good Day to Die : The Untold Story of Operation Anaconda. The Berkeley Publishing Group. ISBN 0-425-19609-7. 

Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • [1] Special Operations Community Website

  Results from FactBites:
 
GAO - Special Operations Forces: Force Structure and Readiness Issues (9667 words)
Special operations forces differ from conventional forces in that they are specially organized, trained, and equipped to achieve military, political, economic, or psychological objectives by unconventional means.
Special operations are conducted independently or in coordination with conventional forces during peacetime--operations short of declared war or intense warfare--and war.
Although special operations forces are responsible for the combat search and rescue of their own forces when operating in environments that demand unique special operations capability, their equipment is not specifically designed, and their personnel are not specifically trained for conventional search and rescue missions.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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