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Encyclopedia > United States Solicitor General

The United States Solicitor General is the individual appointed to argue for the Government of the United States in front of the Supreme Court of the United States, when the government is party to a case. ... The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) is the highest judicial body in the United States and leads the judicial branch of the United States federal government. ...


The Solicitor General works within the United States Department of Justice; he or she is nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate. DOJ headquarters in Washington, D.C. Justice Department redirects here. ... For the pop band, see Presidents of the United States of America. ... Seal of the U.S. Senate The Senate is one of the two chambers of the bicameral United States Congress, the other being the House of Representatives. ...


Among lawyers and jurists, the office of United States Solicitor General is generally considered to be the highest office for a practicing lawyer in the United States.


Traditions

The office of Solicitor General was founded in 1870, and some traditions have been established. 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ...


For example, one tradition (that is possibly unique in the United States) is the Solicitor General's right and practice of confession of judgment in cases where he considers the Government's prior official position to be clearly unjust: he can just drop the case, even if the Government has already won in the lower courts. Solicitor General Paul Clement made such a confession in January 2005 regarding a law prohibiting the display of marijuana policy reform ads in public transportation. Clement stated in a letter to Congress that "the government does not have a viable argument to advance in the statute's defense." Confession of Judgment is a practice of the United States Solicitor General when, in his personal considered opinion, the U. S. Government (which he represents in the Supreme Court of the United States) has taken the wrong side of a case. ... Paul Clement Paul D. Clement is the Solicitor General of the United States. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A Cannabis sativa plant The drug cannabis, also called marijuana, is produced from parts of the cannabis plant, primarily the cured flowers and gathered trichomes of the female plant. ... A taxi serving as a bus Public transport comprises all transport systems in which the passengers do not travel in their own vehicles. ...


Solicitors General Since 1870

Solicitor General Date of Service Appointing President
Benjamin H. Bristow October 1870 - November 1872 Ulysses Grant
Samuel F. Phillips November 1872 - May 1885
John Goode (Acting) May 1885 - August 1886 Grover Cleveland
George A. Jenks July 1886 - May 1889
Orlow W. Chapman May 1889 - January 1890 Benjamin Harrison
William Howard Taft February 1890 - March 1892
Charles H. Aldrich March 1892 - May 1893
Lawrence Maxwell, Jr. April 1893 - January 1895 Grover Cleveland
Holmes Conrad February 1895 - July 1897
John K. Richards July 1897 - March 1903 William McKinley
Henry M. Hoyt February 1903 - March 1909 Theodore Roosevelt
Lloyd Wheaton Bowers April 1909 - September 1910 William Taft
Frederick W. Lehmann December 1910 - July 1912
William Marshall Bullit July 1912 - March 1913
John W. Davis August 1913 - November 1918 Woodrow Wilson
Alexander C. King November 1918 - May 1920
William L. Frierson June 1920 - June 1921
James M. Beck June 1921 - June 1925 Warren Harding
William D. Mitchell June 1925 - March 1929 Calvin Coolidge
Charles Evans Hughes, Jr May 1929 - April 1930 Herbert Hoover
Thomas D. Thacher March 1930 - May 1933
James Crawford Biggs May 1933 - March 1935 Franklin Roosevelt
Stanley Reed March 1935 - January 1938
Robert H. Jackson March 1938 - January 1940
Francis Biddle January 1940 - September 1941
Charles H. Fahy November 1941 - September 1945
J. Howard McGrath October 1945 - October 1946 Harry Truman
Philip B. Perlman July 1947 - August 1952
Walter J. Cummings, Jr. December 1952 - March 1953
Simon Sobeloff February 1954 - July 1956 Dwight Eisenhower
J. Lee Rankin August 1956 - January 1961
Archibald Cox January 1961 - July 1965 John F. Kennedy
Thurgood Marshall August 1965 - August 1967 Lyndon Johnson
Erwin N. Griswold October 1967 - June 1973
Robert H. Bork June 1973 - January 1977 Richard Nixon
Wade H. McCree March 1977 - August 1981 Jimmy Carter
Rex E. Lee August 1981 - June 1985 Ronald Reagan
Charles Fried October 1985 - January 1989
Kenneth W. Starr May 1989 - January 1993 George H. W. Bush
Drew S. Days, III May 1993 - July 1996 Bill Clinton
Walter E. Dellinger III (acting) August 1996 - October 1997
Seth P. Waxman November 1997 - January 2001
Barbara D. Underwood (acting) January 2001 - June 2001
Theodore B. Olsen June 2001 - June 2005 George W. Bush
Paul D. Clement June 2005 - present

Benjamin Helm Bristow (June 20, 1832–June 22, 1896) was an American lawyer and politician who served as the first Solicitor General of the United States and as a U.S. Treasury Secretary. ... Ulysses Simpson Grant (April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was an American Civil War General and the 18th (1869–1877) President of the United States. ... Samuel Field Phillips was born in New York City on February 18, 1829, to English mathematician, James Phillips, and Judith Vermeule Phillips, of New Jersey. ... John Goode was born in Bedford County, Virginia, May 27, 1829. ... Stephen Grover Cleveland (March 18, 1837 – June 24, 1908) was the 22nd (1885–1889) and 24th (1893–1897) President of the United States, and the only President to serve two non-consecutive terms. ... George A. Jenks was born in Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania on March 25, 1836. ... Orlow W. Chapman was born in 1832, in Ellington, Connecticut, though he made his life’s work and home in New York. ... Benjamin Harrison (August 20, 1833 – March 13, 1901) was the 23rd President of the United States, serving one term from 1889 to 1893. ... William Howard Taft (September 15, 1857 – March 8, 1930) was an American politician, the 27th President of the United States, the 10th Chief Justice of the United States, a leader of the progressive conservative wing of the Republican Party in the early 20th century, a chaired professor at Yale Law... Charles H. Aldrich was born on August 28, 1850 in La Grange County, Indiana, to parents Hamilton and Harriet Aldrich. ... Lawrence Maxwell Jr. ... Stephen Grover Cleveland (March 18, 1837 – June 24, 1908) was the 22nd (1885–1889) and 24th (1893–1897) President of the United States, and the only President to serve two non-consecutive terms. ... Holmes Conrad was born January 31, 1840 in Winchester, Virginia. ... John K. Richards (March 15, 1856 - March 1, 1909), jurist, son of Samuel and Sarah (Kelvey) Richards, was born in Ironton, Lawrence County, Ohio. ... William McKinley, Jr. ... Henry Martyn Hoyt (8 June 1830 - 1 December 1892) was governor of Pennsylvania from 1879 to 1883. ... Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. ... Lloyd Wheaton Bowers was born March 9, 1859, in Springfield, Massachusetts, the son of Samuel Dwight and Martha Wheaton (Dowd) Bowers. ... William Howard Taft I (September 15, 1857–March 8, 1930) was the 27th President of the United States (1909-1913), and the 10th Chief Justice of the United States (1921 - 1930). ... Frederick W. Lehmann was a prominent American lawyer, statesman, United States Solicitor General, and rare book collector. ... William Marshall Bullitt was born to parents Thomas Walker and Annie P. (Logan) Bullitt in Louisville, Kentucky, on March 4, 1873. ... John William Davis John William Davis (April 13, 1873 — March 24, 1955) was an American politician and lawyer. ... Thomas Woodrow Wilson was the 28th President of the United States. ... Alexander Campbell King was born on December 7, 1856 in Charleston, South Carolina to J. Gadsden and Caroline Clifford (Postell). ... William L. Frierson was born on September 3, 1868, in Shelbyville, Tennessee to Robert Payne and Mary (Little) Frierson. ... Categories: Stub | 1861 births | 1936 deaths | Members of the U.S. House of Representatives ... Warren Gamaliel Harding (November 2, 1865 - August 2, 1923) was the 29th (1921-1923) President of the United States and the sixth President to die in office. ... William DeWitt Mitchell (September 9, 1874–August 24, 1955) was U.S. Attorney General for the entirety of Herbert Hoovers Presidency. ... John Calvin Coolidge, Jr. ... Charles Evans Hughes, Jr. ... Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964), the 31st President of the United States (1929-1933), was a world-famous mining engineer and humanitarian administrator. ... Thomas Day Thacher, born September 10, 1881 in Tenafly, New Jersey, was the oldest of four children to Thoams Thacher and Sarah McCulloh (Green) Thacher. ... James Crawford Biggs was born in Oxford, North Carolina, on August 29, 1872, to William and Elizabeth Arlington (Cooper) Biggs. ... Franklin Delano Roosevelt (January 30, 1882–April 12, 1945), often referred to as FDR, was the 32nd (1933–1945) President of the United States. ... Stanley Forman Reed ( December 31, 1884 – April 2, 1980) was an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court from 1938 to 1957. ... Robert Houghwout Jackson (February 13, 1892–October 9, 1954) was United States Attorney General (1940–1941) and an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court (1941–1954). ... The Nuremberg judges, left to right: John Parker, Francis Biddle, Alexander Volchkov, Iona Nikitchenko, Geoffrey Lawrence, Norman Birkett Francis Beverley Biddle (May 9, 1886 – October 4, 1968) was an American lawyer and judge who is most famous as the primary American judge during the Nuremberg trials after World War II... Charles Fahy was born on August 17, 1892, in Rome, Georgia. ... McGrath (middle left) with Theodore Francis Green (right) and Harry S. Truman (far right). ... For the victim of Mt. ... Philip B. Perlman (1890-1960) was a Baltimore native, the son of Benjamin and Rose Nathan Perlman. ... Walter J. Cummings Jr. ... Simon was born in Baltimore, Maryland, December 3, 1894. ... Dwight David Ike Eisenhower (October 14, 1890–March 28, 1969), American soldier and politician, was the 34th President of the United States (1953–1961) and supreme commander of the Allied forces in Europe during World War II, with the rank of General of the Army. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... Archibald Cox, Jr. ... For other persons named John Kennedy, see John Kennedy (disambiguation). ... Thurgood Marshall (July 2, 1908 – January 24, 1993) was an American jurist and the first African American to serve on the Supreme Court of the United States. ... Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908–January 22, 1973), often referred to as LBJ, was an American politician. ... Erwin Nathaniel Griswold was born to parents James Harlen and Hope (Erwin) on July 14, 1904 in East Cleveland, Ohio. ... Robert Bork Robert Heron Bork (born March 1, 1927) is a conservative American legal scholar and former judge who advocates an originalist interpretation of the United States Constitution. ... Nixon redirects here. ... Wade Hampton McCree, Jr. ... James Earl Jimmy Carter, Jr. ... Rex E. Lee (February 27, 1935 - March 11, 1996) from St. ... Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was the 40th President of the United States (1981–1989) and the 33rd Governor of California (1967–1975). ... Charles Fried is a prominent conservative American jurist and lawyer. ... Kenneth Winston Starr (born July 21, 1946) is an American lawyer and former judge who was appointed to the Office of the Independent Counsel to investigate the Whitewater land transactions by President Clinton. ... George Herbert Walker Bush GCB (born June 12, 1924) was the 41st President of the United States of America serving from 1989 to 1993. ... Drew Saunders Days III Drew Saunders Days III, U.S. lawyer, He served as United States Solicitor General from 1993 to 1996. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... Walter E. Dellinger III is the Douglas B. Maggs Professor of Law at Duke University and head of the appellate practice at OMelveny & Myers LLP in Washington, DC. He served as the acting United States Solicitor General for the 1996-1997 Term of the Supreme Court. ... Seth Waxman Seth P. Waxman was the 41st Solicitor General of the United States. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Paul Clement Paul Drew Clement (born 1966) is the current Solicitor General of the United States. ...

External link


  Results from FactBites:
 
Solicitor General - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (435 words)
In the United States the Federal Solicitor General is the attorney who represents or advises a government when it is party to a suit, generally in front of its supreme court.
In the Republic of Ireland the Solicitor General is known as the Chief State Solicitor.
The principal function of the Commonwealth Solicitor General is to act for the Attorney General as senior counsel appearing for the Commonwealth's interest, particularly in the High Court.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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