FACTOID # 10: The total number of state executions in 2005 was 60: 19 in Texas and 41 elsewhere. The racial split was 19 Black and 41 White.
 
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Encyclopedia > United States Public Health Service

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Image File history File links USPHS.gif File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...


History of the United States Public Health Service

The United States Public Health Service (PHS) was founded first by President John Adams in 1798 as a loose network of hospitals to support the health of American seamen. It is the uniformed service of the United States Department of Health and Human Services and one of the seven Uniformed Services. John Adams (October 30, 1735 – July 4, 1826) was the first (1789–1797) Vice President of the United States, and the second (1797–1801) President of the United States. ... 1798 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... A physician visiting the sick in a hospital. ... Seaman can be a generic term for sailor. ... The United States Department of Health and Human Services, often abbreviated HHS, is a Cabinet department of the United States government with the goal of protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services. ...


The origins of the Public Health Service may be traced to the passage of an act in 1798 that provided for the care and relief of sick and injured merchant seamen. The earliest marine hospitals created to care for the seamen were located along the East Coast, with Boston being the site of the first such facility; later they were also established along inland waterways, the Great Lakes, and the Gulf of Mexico and Pacific Coasts. 1798 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The United States Public Health Service was founded first by President John Adams as a loose network of hospitals to support the health of American seamen. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... Boston is a town and small port c. ... The Great Lakes from space The Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes on or near the United States-Canadian border. ... Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ... For other meanings of Pacific, see Pacific (disambiguation). ...


A reorganization in 1870 converted the loose network of locally controlled hospitals into a centrally controlled Marine Hospital Service, with its headquarters in Washington, D.C. The position of Supervising Surgeon (later Surgeon General) was created to administer the Service, and John Maynard Woodworth was appointed as the first incumbent in 1871. He moved quickly to reform the system and adopted a military model for his medical staff, instituting examinations for applicants and putting his physicians in uniforms. Woodworth created a cadre of mobile, career service physicians who could be assigned as needed to the various marine hospitals. The uniformed services component of the Marine Hospital Service was formalized as the Public Health Service Commissioned Corps by legislation enacted in 1889. At first open only to physicians, over the course of the twentieth century, the Corps expanded to include dentists, sanitary engineers, pharmacists, nurses, sanitarians, scientists, and other health professionals. 1870 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Map showing Washington, D.C.s location in relation to the surrounding states of Maryland and Virginia Washington, D.C. is the capital city of the United States of America. ... Surgeon General can have several different meanings. ... 1871 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Physician examining a child The word physician should not be confused with physicist, which means a scientist in the area of physics. ... The Public Health Service Commissioned Corps is the uniformed division of the United States Public Health Service (PHS) and one of the seven Uniformed Services of the United States. ... 1889 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Physician examining a child The word physician should not be confused with physicist, which means a scientist in the area of physics. ... X-rays can reveal if a person has cavities Dentistry is the practical application of knowledge of dental science (the science of placement, arrangement, function of teeth) to human beings. ... Pharmacists are health professionals who practice the art and science of pharmacy. ... A nurse is a health care professional who is engaged in the practice of nursing. ... A scientist is a man who is an expert in at least one area of science and who uses the scientific method to do research. ... The delivery of modern health care depends on an expanding group of highly trained professionals coming together as an interdisciplinary team. ...


Scope of Responsibility

The scope of activities of the Marine Hospital Service also began to expand well beyond the care of merchant seamen in the closing decades of the nineteenth century, beginning with the control of infectious disease. Responsibility for quarantine was originally a function of the states rather than the Federal Government, but the National Quarantine Act of 1878 conferred quarantine authority on the Marine Hospital Service. Over the course of the next half a century, the Marine Hospital Service increasingly took over quarantine functions from state authorities. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... In medicine, infectious disease or communicable disease is disease caused by a biological agent (e. ... Quarantine, a medical term (from Italian: quaranta giorni, forty days) is the act of keeping people or animals separated for a period of time before, for instance, allowing them to enter another country. ... 1878 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


As immigration increased dramatically in the late nineteenth century, the Federal Government also took over the processing of immigrants from the states, beginning in 1891. The Marine Hospital Service was assigned the responsibility for the medical inspection of arriving immigrants at sites such as Ellis Island in New York. Commissioned officers played a major role in fulfilling the Service's commitment to prevent disease from entering the country. Immigration is the act of moving to or settling in another country or region, temporarily or permanently. ... 1891 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Immigration Museum on Ellis Island Ellis Island, located in New York Harbor at the mouth of the Hudson River, was at one time the main immigration port for immigrants entering the United States in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. ... State nickname: The Empire State Official languages English Capital Albany Largest city New York City Governor George Pataki (R) Senators Charles Schumer (D) Hillary Clinton (D) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 27th 141,205 km² 13. ...


Because of the broadening responsibilities of the Service, its name was changed in 1902 to the Public Health and Marine Hospital Service, and again in 1912 to just the Public Health Service. The Service continued to expand its public health activities as the nation entered the twentieth century, with the Commissioned Corps leading the way. As the century progressed, PHS commissioned officers served their country by controlling the spread of contagious diseases such as smallpox and yellow fever, conducting important biomedical research, regulating the food and drug supply, providing health care to underserved groups, supplying medical assistance in the aftermath of disasters, and in numerous other ways. 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Public health is concerned with threats to the overall health of a community based on population health analysis. ... Smallpox (also known by the Latin names Variola or Variola vera) is a highly contagious disease unique to humans. ... In the United States, the FDA approves prescription drugs. ...


Uniforms of the United States Public Health Service

Members of the Public Health Service Commissioned Corps wear uniforms of the United States Navy with special corps insignia and use rank insignia identical to that of Naval officers. The actual titles are somewhat different and unlike the Navy, the specialty of the officer is often identified in their title. An O-5 nurse would be a "Senior Nurse Officer", while a physician or dentist of the same rank would be a "Senior Surgeon." For more details on the titles of USPHS commissioned oficers, see page 33 of the Officers Handbook. [1] The Public Health Service Commissioned Corps is the uniformed division of the United States Public Health Service (PHS) and one of the seven Uniformed Services of the United States. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ...


The headquarters of the Public Health Service is at 5600 Parkview Drive, Bethesda, Maryland. Panoramic view of downtown Bethesda Bethesda is an urbanized, but unincorporated, area in Montgomery County, Maryland, near Washington, D.C.. It takes its name from a church located there, the Bethesda Presbyterian Church (built 1820), which in turn was named from a passage in the New Testament. ...


Current activities of the USPHS

The United States Public Health Service deploy for a variety of reasons. The most notable of activities in recent time is Hurricane Katrina. This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2005; for other storms with this name, see Hurricane Katrina (disambiguation). ...


External links

  • PHS history and WWII women's uniforms in color — WWII US women's service organizations (WAC, WAVES, ANC, NNC, USMCWR, PHS, SPARS, ARC and WASP)
  • U.S. Public Health Service web site

This article is based on the public domain text History of the Commissioned Corps, PHS The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
United States Public Health Service - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (738 words)
It is the uniformed service of the United States Department of Health and Human Services and one of the seven Uniformed Services.
The origins of the Public Health Service may be traced to the passage of an act in 1798 that provided for the care and relief of sick and injured merchant seamen.
The uniformed services component of the Marine Hospital Service was formalized as the Public Health Service Commissioned Corps by legislation enacted in 1889.
Public Health (945 words)
Generally, applicants for state public health dental positions must be a graduate of an accredited school of dentistry and licensed to practice dentistry in the state.
Students interested in a career in public health dentistry are urged to seek out courses and experiences in public health during their dental school training.
Request for specific information and application material for county dental public health positions should be obtained by contacting the concerned state department of public health or the county employment office.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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