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Encyclopedia > United States Pacific Command
Emblem of the United States Pacific Command
Emblem of the United States Pacific Command

New emblem: [1] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


The United States Pacific Command (USPACOM), led by the Commander, Pacific Command (CDRUSPACOM), is the supreme military authority for the various branches of the Armed Forces of the United States serving within its area of responsibility (AOR). Only the President of the United States, who is Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, and the Secretary of Defense advised by the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) have greater authority. It is the oldest and largest of the ten Unified Combatant Commands. Based in Honolulu, Hawai'i on the island of O'ahu, the United States Pacific Command's sphere of control extends from the west coast of the United States mainland to the east coast of Africa (excluding the waters north of 5° S and west of 68° E), encompassing East Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia, Alaska, Madagascar, and Oceania. It also has control over U.S. military operations in the Pacific, including the state of Hawaii, Indian Oceans as well as over forces in Alaska. The presidential seal was first used in 1880 by President Rutherford B. Hayes and last modified in 1959 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii The President of the United States of America is the head of state and head of government of the United States. ... Joint Chiefs of Staff of the United States of America symbol The Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) is a grouping comprising the Chiefs of service of each major branch of the armed services in the United States armed forces. ... A Unified Combatant Command is composed of forces from two or more services, has a broad and continuing mission, and is organized either on a geographical basis (known as Area Of Responsibility, AOR) or on a functional basis. ... “Honolulu” redirects here. ... OÊ»ahu (usually Oahu outside Hawaiian and Hawaiian English), the Gathering Place, is the third largest of the Hawaiian Islands and most populous island in the State of HawaiÊ»i. ... East Asia is a subregion of Asia that can be defined in either geographical or cultural terms. ... This article is about the geopolitical region in Asia. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Official language(s) English Capital Juneau Largest city Anchorage Area  Ranked 1st  - Total 663,267 sq mi (1,717,855 km²)  - Width 808 miles (1,300 km)  - Length 1,479 miles (2,380 km)  - % water 13. ... World map exhibiting a common interpretation of Oceania; other interpretations may vary. ... The Pacific Ocean (from the Latin name Mare Pacificum, peaceful sea, bestowed upon it by the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan) is the largest body of water on Earth – at 165. ... Animated map exhibiting the worlds oceanic waters. ...


The main combat power of USPACOM is formed by U.S. Army Pacific, Marine Forces Pacific, U.S. Pacific Fleet, and Pacific Air Forces. // Also known as USARPAC, the U.S. Army Pacific Command is the army component unit of the U.S. Pacific Command, except the units in Korea. ... Marine Forces Pacific (MarForPac) are the forces from the United States Marine Corps that fall under the United States Pacific Command. ... The United States Pacific Fleet (USPACFLT) is part of the US Navy. ... Emblem of the U.S. Air Forces Pacific The United States Pacific Air Forces (USPACAF or PACAF) is one of nine major U.S. Air Force commands and one of two located outside the continental United States, the other being U.S. Air Forces Europe. ...

Contents

Area of responsibility

PACOM Area Of Responsibility
PACOM Area Of Responsibility

The United States Pacific Command's area of jurisdiction can be quantified as follows: over fifty percent of the world's surface area —approximately 105 million square miles (nearly 272 million square kilometers)—, nearly sixty percent of the world's population, forty-three countries, twenty territories, and ten territories and possessions of the United States. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


It is charged with preserving and protecting five out of seven mutual defense treaties signed by the United States with its allies:

  • U.S./Republic of the Philippines (Mutual Defense Treaty, 1952)
  • U.S./Australia (ANZUS - U.S., 1952)
  • U.S./Republic of Korea (Mutual Defense Treaty, 1954)
  • U.S./France/Australia/New Zealand/Thailand/Philippines (SEATO, 1955)
  • U.S./Japan (Mutual Defense Treaty, 1960)

In addition, PACOM's area of responsibility covers Taiwan whose defense relationship with the United States is governed by Taiwan Relations Act of 1979) 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Australia, New Zealand, United States Security Treaty (ANZUS or ANZUS Treaty) is the military alliance which binds Australia and the United States, and separately Australia and New Zealand to cooperate on defence matters in the Pacific Ocean area, though today the treaty is understood to relate to attacks in... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... External links kamouflage. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security (in Japanese, 日本国とアメリカ合衆国との間の相互協力及び安全保障条約, Treaty of mutual cooperation and security between Japan and the United States of America) was signed between the United States and Japan in Washington on January 19, 1960. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... In relation to the Three Communique signed between Peoples Republic of China and United States of America, The Taiwan Relations Act is oftened viewed as another cornerstone of US position to China and in addition to the concerted area of China. ... For the song by the Smashing Pumpkins, see 1979 (song). ...


Thirty-five percent of the total trade the United States globally falls within the watch of the United States Pacific Command, amounting to more than $548 billion in 1998. Five of the world's largest militaries are monitored by the United States Pacific Command: People's Republic of China, India, Russia, North Korea and South Korea. 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ...


Headquarters

The United States Pacific Command operates from suburban Honolulu in south central O'ahu at the Nimitz-MacArthur Pacific Command Center.

Offices for the United States Pacific Command are based at the Nimitz-MacArthur Pacific Command Center at Camp H. M. Smith near suburban Salt Lake and Moanalua. The staff comprises over 530 Air Force, Army, Coast Guard, Marine Corps and Navy officers and enlisted personnel with the support of an additional 110 civilian personnel. Download high resolution version (500x625, 126 KB) This work is copyrighted. ... Download high resolution version (500x625, 126 KB) This work is copyrighted. ... Camp H. M. Smith is a United States Marine Corps installation on the Hawaiian island of Oahu. ... Housing subdivision near Union, Kentucky, a suburb of Cincinnati, Ohio. ... Salt Lake still contains remnants of a lake that formed in a volcanic crater. ... Moanalua is a valley, a stream, an ahupua‘a, and a residential neighborhood in Honolulu, Hawai‘i. ... The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial warfare branch of the United States armed forces and one of the seven uniformed services. ... The United States Army is one of the armed forces of the United States and has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is a branch of the United States armed forces involved in maritime law enforcement, mariner assistance, search and rescue, and national defense. ... The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States military responsible for providing power projection from the sea,[1] utilizing the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces. ... The United States Navy, also known as the USN or the U.S. Navy, is a branch of the United States armed forces responsible for conducting naval operations. ...


Commander

In the operational chain of command, the Commander of USPACOM reports directly to the Secretary of Defense and the President. In the administrative chain of command, USPACOM reports through the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.[1] The United States Secretary of Defense is the head of the United States Department of Defense (DoD), concerned with the armed services and The role of the Secretary of Defense is to be the principal defense policy advisor to the President and is responsible for the formulation of general defense... The presidential seal was first used in 1880 by President Rutherford B. Hayes and last modified in 1959 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii The President of the United States of America is the head of state and head of government of the United States. ... Joint Chiefs of Staff of the United States of America symbol The Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) is a grouping comprising the Chiefs of service of each major branch of the armed services in the United States armed forces. ...


Commanders, U.S. Pacific Command/Commanders, U.S. Pacific Fleet

John Henry Towers (January 30, 1885 - April 30, 1955) was a U.S. Navy admiral and pioneer Naval Aviator. ... Louis Emil Denfeld (1891-1972), was Chief of Naval Operations of the United States Navy from 15 December 1947 to 1 November 1949. ... Admiral DeWitt Clinton Ramsey Admiral DeWitt Clinton Ramsey (2 October 1888 - 7 September 1961) was a U.S. Navy officer and pioneer Naval aviator who served as an aircraft-carrier commander during World War II, notably at the Battles of the Coral Sea and Midway. ... Arthur William Radford (February 27, 1896 – August 17, 1973) was an U.S. Navy Admiral, Commander-in-Chief of the United States Pacific Command and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. ...

Commanders, U.S. Pacific Command

  • Admiral Felix B. Stump (14 Jan 58 - 31 Jul 58)
  • Admiral Harry D. Felt (31 Jul 58 - 30 Jun 64)
  • Admiral Ulysses S. Grant Sharp (30 Jun 64 - 31 Jul 68)
  • Admiral John S. McCain, Jr. (31 Jul 68 - 01 Sep 72)
  • Admiral Noel A.M. Gayler (01 Sep 72 - 30 Aug 76)
  • Admiral Maurice F. Weisner (30 Aug 76 - 31 Oct 79)
  • Admiral Robert L.J. Long (31 Oct 79 - 01 Jul 83)
  • Admiral William J. Crowe, Jr. (01 Jul 83 - 18 Sep 85)
  • Admiral Ronald J. Hays (18 Sep 85 - 30 Sep 88)
  • Admiral Huntington Hardisty (30 Sep 88 - 01 Mar 91)
  • Admiral Charles R. Larson (01 Mar 91 - 11 Jul 94)
  • LTG Harold T. Fields (11 Jul 94 - 19 Jul 94) (Acting)
  • Admiral Richard C. Macke (19 Jul 94 - 31 Jan 96)
  • Admiral Joseph W. Prueher (31 Jan 96 - 20 Feb 99)
  • Admiral Dennis C. Blair (20 Feb 99 - 2 May 02)
  • Admiral Thomas B. Fargo (2 May 02 - 26 Feb 05)
  • Admiral William J. Fallon (26 Feb 05 - 3 Mar 07)
  • LTG Daniel P. Leaf (3 Mar 07 - 23 Mar 07) (Acting)
  • Admiral Timothy J. Keating (23 Mar 07 -

This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... William J. Crowe (January 2, 1925–) was a Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff under Presidents Ronald Reagan and George Bush, and served as the Ambassador to the United Kingdom under President Bill Clinton. ... Admiral Charles Larson, 1988 Charles R. Larson is a retired four-star Admiral of the United States Navy. ... Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. ... United States Navy Admiral Richard C. Macke was commander of United States Pacific Command from July 19, 1994 until January 31, 1996. ... Joseph W. Prueher (Chinese: 普吕厄; Pinyin: PÇ” Lǚ’è) served as United States Ambassador to the Peoples Republic of China from 1999 to 2001. ... Dennis Blair is president of the Institute for Defense Analyses, a national security-focused think-tank in the Washington D.C. area. ... Admiral Thomas Boulton Fargo (June 1948 – ) assumed duties as Commander, United States Pacific Command, at Camp H. M. Smith, Hawaii, on May 2, 2002. ... William Joseph Fallon (born December 30, 1944) is an Admiral in the United States Navy and took command of U.S. Central Command on March 16, 2007. ... Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Lieutenant General Daniel P. Leaf is Deputy Commander, U.S. Pacific Command, Camp H. M. Smith, Hawaii. ... Timothy J. Keating (here depicted as Vice Admiral) Admiral Timothy J. Keating is Commander, North American Aerospace Defense Command and United States Northern Command at Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado. ...

Establishment

The United States Pacific Command was established on January 1, 1947 by President Harry Truman and was originally headquartered in the Salt Lake subdivision of Honolulu. It took control over all Armed Forces of the United States in what was once called the Pacific Theater during World War II. In 1972, the United States Pacific Command's responsibilities were greatly expanded to include the Indian Ocean, Southern Asia, and the Arctic. In 1976, it was again expanded to include parts of Africa. President Ronald Reagan expanded it again with the inclusion of the People's Republic of China, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Mongolia and Madagascar. In 1989, actions were taken to clarify the extent of authority given to the Commander, Pacific Command. January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... For the victim of Mt. ... Salt Lake still contains remnants of a lake that formed in a volcanic crater. ... Location in the state of Hawaii Formed Seat Honolulu Area  - Total  - Water 5,509 km² (2,127 mi²) 3,955 km² (1,527 mi²) 71. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was the 40th President of the United States (1981 – 1989) and the 33rd Governor of California (1967 – 1975). ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Name Change

Prior to 2002, the office of the Commander had held the title of Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Command (CINCPAC). On October 24, 2002, the Commander was given the new title Commander, U.S. Pacific Command (CDRUSPACOM) along with some organizational changes. Note: CINCPAC is not to be confused with CINCPACFLT, the former name (and subordinate command of CINCPAC) of the Commander of the US Pacific Fleet (COMPACFLT).[2] The United States Pacific Fleet (USPACFLT) is a theater-level unit of the U.S. armed forces, under the operational control of the United States Pacific Command. ...


Force Structure

U.S. Soliders, Sailors, Airmen and Marines stand at attention during the U.S. Pacific Command assumption of command ceremony at Camp Smith, Hawaii, March 26, 2007.
U.S. Soliders, Sailors, Airmen and Marines stand at attention during the U.S. Pacific Command assumption of command ceremony at Camp Smith, Hawaii, March 26, 2007.

USPACOM is a unified command which includes about 300,000 military personnel from the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps (about 20 percent of all active duty U.S. military forces). These forces are in three categories: Forward-Deployed (about 100,000), Forward-Based, and Continental U.S. (CONUS)-Based which comprise the remainder.[3] Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 556 pixelsFull resolution (2344 × 1628 pixel, file size: 830 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Description: U.S. Soliders, Sailors, Airmen and Marines stand at attention during the U.S. Pacific Command assumption of command ceremony at Camp Smith, Hawaii, March... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 556 pixelsFull resolution (2344 × 1628 pixel, file size: 830 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Description: U.S. Soliders, Sailors, Airmen and Marines stand at attention during the U.S. Pacific Command assumption of command ceremony at Camp Smith, Hawaii, March...


Service Components

The I Corps (First Corps), nicknamed Americas Corps, is a corps of the United States Army with headquarters in Fort Lewis, Washington. ... In American military history, the 25th Infantry Division (nicknamed Tropic Lightening) is a large military unit associated with operations in the Asia-Pacific region. ... The 1st Marine Expeditionary Force is a Marine Air Ground Task Force (MAGTF) of the United States Marine Corps primarily composed of the 1st Marine Division, 3rd Marine Aircraft Wing, and 1st Marine Logistics Group. ... Mission III Marine Expeditionary Force, as the Marine Corps’ forward-deployed Air-Ground-Logistics-Base Team, is a Force in Readiness able to deploy rapidly by any and all means and conduct operations from Special Purpose MAGTF through MEU, MEB and MEF, across the spectrum from Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster... In the United States Navy, the 3rd Fleet is the fleet responsible for naval activities in the eastern and northern Pacific Ocean. ... The United States 7th Fleet is a naval military unit based in Yokosuka, Japan, with units positioned near South Korea and Japan. ... The Fifth Air Force (5AF), with headquarters currently located at Yokota Air Base,Japan, is one of very few numbered air forces of the United States Air Force never to have been based in the United States itself. ... The Seventh Air Force (7 AF) is a Numbered Air Force (NAF) under the Pacific Air Forces major command (MAJCOM) of the United States Air Force. ... Military aircraft began to deploy to Alaska during the last half of 1940. ... Like the Fifth Air Force, the Thirteenth Air Force has never been stationed in the United States; it is also one of the oldest, continuously active, numbered air forces. ...

Subordinate Unified Commands

United States Forces Japan (USFJ, Japanese: 在日米軍) refers to the various divisions of the United States Armed Forces that are stationed in Japan. ... United States Forces Korea (USFK, Korean: 주한미군, Hanja: 駐韓美軍) refers to the ground, air and naval divisions of the United States Armed Forces stationed in South Korea. ... The Eighth US Army—often abbreviated EUSA—(the acronym EUSA was deemed unauthorized by LTG Charles Campbell in 2002) is the commanding formation of all US Army troops in South Korea. ... Alaskan Command (ALCOM) forces are charged with maintaining air sovereignty, deploying forces for worldwide contingencies as directed by the Commander, Pacific Command, providing support to federal and state authorities during civil emergencies and conducting joint training for the rapid deployment of combat forces. ...

Standing Joint Task Forces

The Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command (JPAC) is a joint task force within the United States Department of Defense (DOD) whose mission is to account for all United States prisoners of war (POW) and missing in action (MIA) from all past wars. ...

Additional Supporting Units

  • Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies (Honolulu, Hawaii)
  • Joint Intelligence Center Pacific (Pearl Harbor, Hawaii)
  • Center of Excellence in Disaster Management & Humanitarian Assistance Studies (Tripler Army Medical Center, Hawaii)

Resources

The Pacific Disaster Center (PDC) was established by the U.S. Congress following Hurricane Inikis devastation of the Hawaiian Island of Kauai in 1992. ... For other uses, see DRP (disambiguation). ... // Emergency management (or disaster management) is the discipline dealing with and avoiding risks. ... Humanitarianism is the view that all people should be treated with the respect and dignity they deserve as human beings, and that advancing the well-being of humanity is a noble goal. ...

References

  1. ^ U.S. Pacific Command: About
  2. ^ U.S. Pacific Command: History
  3. ^ U.S. Pacific Command: About
 
Unified Combatant Commands of the United States armed forces
Flag of the United States
Regional responsibilities
Africa Command - Northern Command - Central Command - European Command - Pacific Command - Southern Command
Functional responsibilities
Special Operations Command - Joint Forces Command - Strategic Command - Transportation Command
Proposed new commands
Unified Medical Command

  Results from FactBites:
 
United States Pacific Command - definition of United States Pacific Command in Encyclopedia (634 words)
The United States Pacific Command, led by the Commander-in-Chief of the Pacific also called USPACOM and CDRUSPACOM, is the supreme military authority for the various branches of the Armed Forces of the United States serving within its area of responsibility.
Within the United States Pacific Command's area of jurisprudence are over fifty percent of the world's surface area —approximately 105 million square miles (nearly 169 million square kilometers)—, nearly sixty percent of the world's population, forty-three countries and their twenty territories and posessions as well as ten territories and posessions of the United States.
The United States Pacific Command was established on January 1, 1947 by President Harry Truman and was originally headquartered in the Salt Lake subdivision of Honolulu.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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