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Encyclopedia > United States Navy SEALs
Navy SEALs

U.S. Navy SEALs Insignia
Active January 1, 1962–present
Country United States
Branch United States Navy
Type Maritime Special Forces / US Special Operations forces
Role Sea, Air and Land Special Operations/Counter-Terrorist force
Size ~2,500
Part of U.S. Navy Special Warfare Command
U.S. Special Operations Command
Garrison/HQ Naval Special Warfare Command
Nickname Frogmen
Motto (Unofficial) "Ready to Lead, Ready to Follow, Never Quit", "The Only Easy Day Was Yesterday", "It Pays to be a Winner"
Engagements Vietnam War
Beirut, Lebanon
Operation Urgent Fury
Achille Lauro hijacking
Operation Just Cause
Operation Desert Storm
Operation Restore Hope
Battle of Mogadishu (Four operators from SEAL Team Six were a part of the assault convoy)
Operation Enduring Freedom
Operation Iraqi Freedom
Operation Red Wing

The United States Navy Sea, Air and Land (SEAL) forces are the elite Special Operations Forces (or Special forces) of the U.S. Navy, employed in unconventional warfare, foreign internal defense, direct action, counter-terrorism, and special reconnaissance operations. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Navy SEALs is a 1990 film, directed by Lewis Teague. ... The U.S. Navy Marine Mammal Program (NMMP) is a program administered by the U.S. Navy which studies the military use of marine mammals  — principally Bottlenose Dolphins and California Sea Lions  — and trains circus animals to perform tasks such as ship and harbor protection, mine detection and clearance, and... Image File history File links US_Navy_SEALs_insignia. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... USN redirects here. ... For other uses, see Special forces (disambiguation). ... The United States Special Operations Forces is the official category which the United States Department of Defense lists the U.S. military units that have a training specialization in unconventional warfare and special operations. ... NAVSPECWARCOM logo. ... Emblem of the United States Special Operations Command. ... NAVSPECWARCOM logo. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... There is also a drinking game alternately refered to as Beirut or Beer Pong. ... The Invasion of Grenada, known to US forces as Operation Urgent Fury, was an invasion of the island nation of Grenada by the military forces of the United States of America and several Caribbean nations. ... The Willem Ruys The Achille Lauro The Achille Lauro, formerly the Willem Ruys, was a passenger liner. ... Combatants United States Panama Commanders General Carl W. Stiner Manuel Noriega Strength 27,684+ 3,000+ Casualties 23 Dead, 324 Wounded 450 Military, 200-4,000 Civilian U.S. Army 7th Infantry Division (light) soldiers prepare to take La Comandancia in the El Chorrillo neighborhood of Panama City, December 1989. ... For other uses, see Iraq war (disambiguation). ... Combatants United States United Nations Pakistan Malaysia Somalia Commanders Many Mohamed Farrah Aidid The United Nations intervention in Somalia (code-named Operation Restore Hope) was a United Nations–sanctioned United States military operation from 9 December 1992 to 4 May 1993. ... Combatants USSOF, UNOSOM II, Frontier Force Regiment Somali National Alliance-affiliated militias Commanders William F. Garrison Mohamed Farrah Aidid Strength 160 2,000-4,000 Casualties U.S. 18 killed 73 wounded 1 captured Malaysia 1 killed 7 wounded Pakistan 2 wounded SNA Militia and civilians At least 500[1... Combatants United States, Poland, France, Canada, Pakistan, India, Australia, United Kingdom, Germany, Netherlands, New Zealand, Philippines (in the Philippines theatre only), Northern Alliance, Italy, Czech Republic, Hungary, Ethiopia, Somalia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Croatia, Albania, Macedonia, Romania, Portugal, Bulgaria, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Georgia Taliban, al-Qaeda, Abu Sayyaf, Jemaah... For other uses, see Iraq war (disambiguation). ... Operation Red Wing was a counterterrorism mission in Kunar province, Afghanistan, involving four Navy SEAL members. ... For other uses, see Elite (disambiguation). ... The United States Special Operations Forces is the official category which the United States Department of Defense lists the U.S. military units that have a training specialization in unconventional warfare and special operations. ... For other uses, see Special forces (disambiguation). ... USN redirects here. ... Unconventional warfare (UW) is the opposite of conventional warfare. ... Foreign internal defense (FID) is a US military term, used by a number of Western militaries. ... In the context of military special operations, direct action (DA) consists of: Short-duration strikes and other small-scale offensive actions conducted as a special operation in hostile, denied, or politically sensitive environments and which employ specialized military capabilities to seize, destroy, capture, exploit, recover, or damage designated targets. ... Counter-terrorism refers to the practices, tactics, and strategies that governments, militaries, and other groups adopt in order to fight terrorism. ... Special Reconnaissance (SR) is conducted by small units of highly trained military personnel, usually from Special Operations Forces (SOF) who avoid combat with, and detection by, the enemy. ...

Contents

Navy SEAL teams and structure

SEALs carrying MP5 submachine guns
SEALs carrying MP5 submachine guns

SEAL teams are organized into two groups: Naval Special Warfare Group One (West Coast), and Naval Special Warfare Group Two (East Coast), which come under the command of Naval Special Warfare Command, stationed at NAB Coronado, California. As of 2006, there are eight confirmed Navy SEAL Teams. The original SEAL Teams in the Vietnam War were separated between West Coast (Group ONE) and East Coast (Group TWO) SEALs. The current SEAL Team deployments include Teams 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, and 10. The Teams deploy as Naval Special Warfare Squadrons and can deploy anywhere in the world. Squadrons will normally be deployed and fall under a Joint Task Force (JTF) or a Combined Joint Special Operations Task Force (CJSOTF) as a Special Operations Task Force (SOTF) SEALs in from the water. ... SEALs in from the water. ... The MP5 is a submachine gun, developed by German weapons designer Heckler und Koch (HK) in the 1960s. ... NAVSPECWARCOM logo. ...


A SEAL Team has a Staff Headquarters element and three 40-man Task Units. Each Task Unit consist of a Headquarters element consisting of a Task Unit Commander (O-5), a Task Unit Senior Enlisted (E-8), a Targeting/Operations Officer (O-2/3) and a Targeting/Operations Leading/Chief Petty Officer (E-6/7). Under the HQ element are two SEAL platoons of 16 men (2 officers, 14 enlisted SEALs and sometimes 2 enlisted EOD Operators making a platoon of 18); a company-sized combat support staff (CSS) consisting of staff N-codes (the Army uses S-codes and the Marine Corps uses J-Codes); N1 Administrative support, N2 Intelligence, N3 Operations, N4 Logistics, N5 Plans and Targeting, and N8 Air/Medical. Each Task Unit can be easily split into 4 squads or eight 4-man fire teams for operational purposes. The size of each SEAL “Team” with Task Units and support staff is approx. 300 personnel. The typical SEAL platoon of 16 men has an OIC (Officer in Charge, usually an O-3), an AOIC (Assistant Officer in Charge, usually an O-2), a platoon chief (E-7), an LPO (Leading Petty Officer, E-6) and others ranging from E-6 to E-4 (most are E-5). Occasionally there is a "third O". Usually the third O is an O-1 on his first operational deployment. This makes the platoon consist of 3 officers and 13 enlisted personnel. The core leadership in the Task Unit/Troop and Platoon are the Commander/OIC and the Senior Enlisted NCO (Senior Chief/Chief).


Task Unit core skills consist of: Sniper, Breacher, Communicator, Maritime/Engineering, Close Air Support, Corpsman, Point-man/Navigator, Primary Driver/Navigator (Rural/Urban/Protective Security), Heavy Weapons Operator, Sensitive Site Exploitation, Air Operations Master, Lead Climber, Lead Diver/Navigator, Interrogator, Explosive Ordnance Disposal, Technical Surveillance, and Advanced Special Operations.[citation needed]


Each team is commanded by a Navy Commander (O-5), and has a number of operational SEAL platoons and a headquarters element. In 1987, SEAL Team 6 was renamed to the United States Navy Special Warfare Development Group, although members are still frequently referred to informally as "SEAL Team 6". Naval Amphibious Base Little Creek, a naval base in Virginia Beach, Virginia, is home to SEAL Teams 2, 4, 8 and 10. Commander is a military rank which is also sometimes used as a military title depending on the individual customs of a given military service. ... SEAL Team SIX patch The United States Naval Special Warfare Development Group; otherwise known as NAVSPECWARDEVGRU, the NSWDG, or simply as DEVGRU; is the premier Navy SEAL unit and the United States Navys primary Counter-Terrorism and covert operation unit. ... The Naval Amphibious Base, Little Creek is the major operating base for the Amphibious Forces in the United States Navys Atlantic Fleet. ... Modern Naval Tactics It is tempting to regard modern naval combat as the purest expression of tactics. ... Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia. ...


There are also two SDV units, SDVT-1 located in Pearl Harbor, HI, and SDVT-2 in Virginia. SDV Teams are SEAL teams with an added underwater delivery capability. Mark 8 mod 1 SDV Swimmer Delivery Vehicles (SDVs) are midget wet submersibles designed to transport combat swimmers or naval Special Forces underwater, over long distances. ...


Training

Entering training to become a Navy SEAL is voluntary. Anyone can volunteer, and officers and enlisted men train side by side. In order to enter SEAL training, however, they do have to meet certain requirements. Those wishing to volunteer for SEAL training have to:

  • be an active-duty member of the United States Navy
  • be 28 or younger (although waivers for 29- and 30-year-olds are possible)
  • possess uncorrected vision no worse than 20/40 in one eye and 20/70 in the other eye correctable to 20/20 through contacts or glasses (corrective surgery PRK is also possible), there are waivers for colorblindness
  • be a U.S. citizen
  • pass the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) test
Underwater Demolition Team jumps over the side from boat.
Underwater Demolition Team jumps over the side from boat.
SEALs in woodlands operation.
SEALs in woodlands operation.

SEAL recruit training has these components, lasting 48 weeks (or 11 months): // Photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and Laser-Assisted Sub-Epithelial Keratectomy (LASEK) are laser eye surgery procedures intended to correct a persons vision and reduce their dependency on glasses or contact lenses. ... The Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) is a multiple choice test, administered by the United States Military Entrance Processing Command, used to determine qualification for enlistment in the United States armed forces. ... SEAL jumps over the side from boat. ... SEAL jumps over the side from boat. ... SEALs in woodlands operation. ... SEALs in woodlands operation. ... U.S. Army recruits learn about bayonet fighting skills in an infantry Basic Combat Training at Fort Benning, Georgia. ...

  • 25 weeks Basic Underwater Demolition/SEAL (BUD/S) training at the Naval Special Warfare Center in Coronado, California near San Diego.
  • 1 week of static line jump training, followed by 3 weeks of Military Free Fall (MFF) Qualification training at Tactical Air Operations in Otay, CA.
  • At Coronado, 19-week SEAL Qualification Training (SQT).

After this, the trainee is officially named a SEAL.[1] Flag of Coronado Coronado is a city in San Diego County, California, United States. ...


Screening

Assignment to BUD/S is conditional on passing the PST, which requires the following minima: PST can refer to: Pacific Standard Time; UTC -8:00, in daylight saving, UTC -7:00 — see time zone Pakistan Standard Time; +5:00 Provincial Sales Tax — a sales tax in Canada Poznański Szybki Tramwaj — a streetcar line in Poznań, Poland . ...

  • 500-yard (457 m) swim using breast or side stroke in under 12:30
  • At least 42 push-ups in 2 minutes
  • At least 50 sit-ups in 2 minutes
  • At least 6 pull-ups from a dead hang (no time limit)
  • Run 1.5 miles (2.4 km) in running shoes and shorts in under 11:30
  • Members’ vision must be no worse than 20/200 in both eyes. Vision must be correctable to 20/20. SEAL candidates may qualify for PRK surgery to correct their vision

Again, the above are the minimum requirements necessary to qualify for BUD/S. Prospective trainees are expected to far exceed these minimums. Competitive scores are as follows: // Photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and Laser-Assisted Sub-Epithelial Keratectomy (LASEK) are laser eye surgery procedures intended to correct a persons vision and reduce their dependency on glasses or contact lenses. ...

  • 500-yard swim using breast or combat side stroke in 10:00 minutes
  • 79 push-ups in 2 minutes
  • 79 sit-ups in 2 minutes
  • 11 pull-ups from a dead hang (no time limit)
  • Run 1.5 miles in boots and long pants in 10:20

Selection (BUD/S)

Upon arrival at Naval Special Warfare Command, check-ins for BUD/S are immediately placed into a pre-indoctrination phase of training known as 'PTRR', or Physical Training Rest and Recuperation. PTRR is also where all of the 'roll-backs' are placed while waiting to be put into a class. Once additional medical screening is given, and after enough BUD/S candidates arrive for the same class, organized physical training begins.


BUD/S consists of a five-week 'Indoctrination Course', known as INDOC, followed by three phases, covering physical conditioning (eight weeks), diving (eight weeks), and land warfare (nine weeks) respectively. Officer and enlisted personnel go through the same training program, and it is designed to develop and test their stamina, leadership and ability to work as a team.


In the first phase BUD/S students are divided into 'Boat Crews' which can consist of six to eight men. However, although some exercises will be undertaken as boat crews (such as 'log PT', which requires boats crews to exercise with logs that weigh 150 pounds (68 kg) each, and 'Surf Passage', where boat crews must navigate the Pacific surf in inflatable boats), the first phase of BUD/S also consists of a series of demanding individual physical tests including frequent sets of push-ups and sit-ups, ocean swims and timed four mile (6.4 km) runs in boots and long trousers, in soft sand (to be completed in 32 minutes). The first phase is most well known for 'Hell Week', which usually occurs duritly drop on request (DOR), from the course. The tradition of DOR consists of dropping one's helmet liner next to a pole with a brass ship’s bell attached to it, and ringing the bell three times (the bell was taken away for a few years in the 1990's...then later brought back). Classes typically lose around 70–80% of their trainees — either due to DORs or injuries sustained during training, but it is not always easy to predict which of the trainees will DOR during BUD/S. Winter class dropout rates are usually higher due to the cold. SEAL instructors say that in every class, approximately 10 percent of the students simply do not have the physical ability to complete the training. Another 10–15 percent will definitely make it through unless they sustain a serious physical injury. The other 75–80 percent is 'up for grabs' depending on their motivation. There has been at least one BUD/S class where no one has completed the program. Most trainees are eliminated prior to completion of Hell Week, but trainees will continue to DOR in the second phase or be forced to leave because of injuries, or failing either the diving tests or the timed runs and swims. In fact, the instructors tell the students at the very start of BUD/S that the vast majority of them will not successfully complete the course and that they are free at any time to drop out (via the bell) if they do not believe they can complete the course. A trainee who DOR's from First Phase before the completion of Hell Week and reapplies to the BUD/S program must start from the beginning of INDOC (if they are accepted). Any BUD/S trainee who drops on request after Hell Week goes through the same out-processing as a trainee who quits before or during Hell Week. If they reapply to BUD/S they would stand a very good chance of being accepted, but they must complete Hell Week again. However, those who have completed Hell Week, but cannot continue training due to injury are usually rolled back into the next BUD/S class after Hell Week, or the respective phase in which they were rolled. There are many SEALs who have attempted BUD/S two or even perhaps three or more times before successfully completing training. There is only one person who has successfully completed Hell Week three times. He completed training after his third application to BUD/S[citation needed].


Qualification

After BUD/S Selection students attend SEAL Qualification Training (SQT) which is the NEC 5326 awarding schoolhouse of NSW. SQT is an arduous 6-month program consisting of the basic skillsets required to join a SEAL Team. The operators attend a sequential course consisting of: TACAIR (static line and Freefall), SERE, Tactical Medicine, Communications, Cold Weather/Mountaineering, Maritime Operations, Combat Swimmer, Land Warfare (small unit tactics, light and heavy weapons, demolitions), and Close Quarters Combat.


Upon completion of SQT the students are awarded the Navy SEAL Trident, assigned to a SEAL Team and are deployable.


Sustainment (PRODEV/ULT/SIT)

Upon assignment to a team, the new SEALs will be assigned to a Platoon as an Operator. Once in a Task Unit/Platoon, the Operator will train for an 18-month period (work-up) before a six month active deployment which is followed by six month 'stand down' period. After this has been completed, they are officially considered SEALs.


Phase One of a work-up is called the Professional Development Phase (PRODEV). PRODEV is a 6-month block where Operators gain critical skills required by the Task Units/Platoons for deployment. Operators can expect to acquire the following core skills:

  • Sniper
  • Breacher
  • Surreptitious Entry
  • Electronic and Media Exploitation
  • Technical Surveillance
  • High Threat Protective Security (PSD)
  • Advanced Weapons Training
  • Advanced Driving Skills (Urban/Rural/Security)
  • Advanced Climbing/Rope Skills
  • Advanced Air Operations: HALO/Jumpmaster/Parachute Rigger and Packer
  • Diving Supervisor
  • Range Safety Officer
  • Instructor School
  • Leadership School
  • Foreign Weapons

Phase Two of a work-up is called Unit Level Training (ULT). ULT is a 6-month block where the Task Units train in their core mission areas (Land Warfare, Close Quarters Combat, Urban Warfare, Maritime Interdiction, Combat Swimmer, Long Range Interdiction, Air Operations, Special Reconnaissance and Maritime Operations, Advanced Marksmanship/Heavy Weapons). For other uses, see Sniper (disambiguation). ... The £124 million Taranis UAV built by BAE Systems An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) is an aircraft with no onboard pilot. ...


Phase Three of a work-up is called Squadron Integration Training (SIT). SIT is the last 6-month block where the Task Unit conducts advanced training as well as integrates all supporting attachments (N-codes (N1-N8), Special Boat Squadrons, Medical Teams, EOD, Interpreters, Intelligence/HUMINT Teams, Cryptological Support Teams, etc). A final Certification Exercise is conducted with the entire SEAL Team to synchronize Task Unit operations under the Task Group umbrella. Following CERTEX, a SEAL Team becomes a SEAL Squadron and deploys to the area of operations for 6-10 months. The Task Units will be assigned an area of operations and work under a Squadron Headquarters Unit called a Task Group.


Area of operations

Navy SEAL team member fires an M60E3 from the shoulder during a field training exercise in 1987.

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 529 pixelsFull resolution (2860 × 1890 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 529 pixelsFull resolution (2860 × 1890 pixel, file size: 2. ... Caliber: 7. ...

Deserts

SEAL operators must be ready for desert deployment especially with the current Iraq and Afghanistan wars. Long distances in the desert environment are travelled in Humvees or Desert Patrol Vehicles. The harsh desert environment provides little to no concealment, so blending in is more difficult. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Arctic

Arctic missions can call for a lot of equipment and skill. The SEALs layer their clothes, travel by night, sleep in snow caves and carry 3 lines of gear and often pull a sled. The First Line gear includes: survival gear, including signaling device, emergency rations, spare parts, E & E kit, map & compass, flashlight and the side arm. Second Line gear includes equipment carried on the operator's web gear, including primary weapon and ammo, short-term supplies (should the rucksack be ditched), grenades, water, med kit, smokes, flares, carabiners and other miscellaneous gear. Finally, the operator's Third Line of gear includes that equipment stored in the rucksack, including sleeping bag, ground pad, tent, food for the duration of the operation, gas stove & utensils, dry socks, clothing layers and a water container. Mountaineering gear will also be divided among the squad and carried with the third line, and each member will carry his personal ice ax and snowshoes attached to his rucksack. Other Arctic operations include extreme cold water diving, kayaking, skiing, and snowmobiling.[citation needed]


Woodland/jungle

The woods and jungles are difficult to maneuver in. In the jungles SEALs will typically carry a machete to clear foliage quickly and easily and a shotgun for close combat. Patrols in the jungle will normally take longer than usual because of the difficulties in maneuvering.


Mountaineering/climbing

An operator will carry his climbing gear in the third line rucksack for use if and when needed. The common gear, such as ropes and carabineers, are split among the squad to distribute the weight among the Team. Each individual will carry his own sit harness.The lead or point climber is the most experienced climber in the squad. He will climb the face free of any protection (i.e.: chalks, pitons, top rope etc.) and set the route. Once at the top he will anchor a top rope and let it down to the squad below. He will then set security while the climbers ascend the rope. A belay man will assist from below or above depending on the type of climb. The gear will be hauled up on a Jumar along with the climber. This is dangerous work and emphasis is on speed and stealth. The lead relies on his strength and free climb training and experience to find the best route in the darkness.


Sea

SEALs can insert, extract, and perform underwater attacks; this is what distinguishes them from other Special Operations Forces. The SEALs have a variety of equipment and water crafts that help them perform water missions. (see: SEAL Delivery Vehicle, Advanced SEAL Delivery System) Special forces or special operations forces is a term used to describe relatively small military units raised and trained for reconnaissance, unconventional warfare and special operations. ... Mark 8 mod 1 SDV Swimmer Delivery Vehicles (SDVs) are midget wet submersibles designed to transport combat swimmers or naval Special Forces underwater, over long distances. ... Advanced SEAL Delivery System (ASDS) is a midget submarine operated by the United States Navy and SOCOM, designed to provide stealthy submerged transportation for special forces, primarily U.S. Navy SEALs, from the decks of nuclear submarines. ...


Air

SEALs utilize several different forms of insertion from the air. Static Line and Free Fall Parachuting, Fast-Rope and Rappel Operations, or simply jumping out of a helicopter into the ocean with a Zodiac inflatable raft. SEALs are also extracted by air transportation on occasions. Also SEALs are inserted into missions through a free-fall technique known as HALO (High Altitude Low Open) where they jump from as high as 35,000 feet and open their parachutes at about 3,000 feet. In most clandestine missions requiring air insertion, however, they arrive by way of HAHO (High Altitude High Opening) drops, normally opening at 10,000 feet. This helps the drop plane to evade detection by releasing the team as far as 30 miles before the target area. This form of insertion is also undetected by enemy radar.


Notable Navy SEALs

An unnamed SEAL during exercise.

Roy H. Boehm was born in Brooklyn, New York. ... MCPO(SEAL) Rudy Boesch, USN (Ret. ... Competition characterises a biochemical, ecologic, economic, political, or sporting activity whereby two or more individuals or groups strive antagonistically against one another for some reward. ... Survivor is an American version of the Survivor reality television game show based on the Swedish television series Expedition Robinson originally created in 1992 by Charlie Parsons. ... Survivor: All-Stars is the eighth installment of the popular television reality show Survivor. ... Dennis Chalker is an American author who has written several books together with Kevin Dockery about United States Navy SEALs. ... Primarily in the United States Navy, a plankowner is a member of the crew of a ship when its first commissioned. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... Scott Helvenston (1965-March 31, 2004) was a former United States Navy SEAL, and worked as a civilian contractor when he was killed while employed by private military contractor Blackwater Security in Iraq. ... ... is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Harry Humphries with Bruce Willis(left) Harry Humphries was born on November 17, 1940 in Verona, New Jersey, and is a highly decorated former Navy SEAL who currently works as a consultant/actor on Hollywood films. ... Blackwater USA is an international security contractor founded in 1997 by Erik Prince and Al Clark. ... A private military contractor (PMC) is a corporation that provides armed forces trained in combat, private military, for other corporations, organizations, individuals and state military forces. ... Joseph Robert Bob Kerrey (born August 27, 1943) was the Democratic Governor of Nebraska from 1983 to 1987, and a U.S. Senator from Nebraska (1989–2001). ... The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States. ... The United States Senate is the upper house of the U.S. Congress, smaller than the United States House of Representatives. ... For other uses, see Nebraska (disambiguation). ... The New School is an institution of higher learning in New York City, located around Greenwich Village in Lower Manhattan. ... Marcus Luttrell in 2007 Marcus Luttrell (born 1975), was a Hospital Corpsman First Class is a United States Navy SEAL and Navy Cross recipient. ... Operation Red Wing was a counterterrorism mission in Kunar province, Afghanistan, involving four Navy SEAL members. ... A rocket propelled grenade (RPG) is a man-portable, shoulder-launched weapon capable of firing an explosive device longer distances than an otherwise unassisted soldier could throw. ... Richard Marcinko Commanding Officer of SEAL Team 6 Richard Dick Marcinko (born November 21, 1940 in Lansford, Pennsylvania), is one of the United States most accomplished and recognized special operations experts, with over 30 years of experience in a variety of specialties including counter-terrorism, intelligence and special operations. ... Seal team SIX patch SEAL Team SIX, is the U.S. Navys main counterterrorist unit, where operatives are drawn from the current SEAL ranks. ... Red Teams or Red Cells are U.S. government parlance for teams or units designed to test the effectiveness of U.S. tactics or personnel. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... Richard Marcinko as seen in the dust jacket photo for Rogue Warrior Richard Marcinko the Rogue Warrior (born November 21, 1940) in Lansford, Pennsylvania lives in the Alexandria, Virginia area and is one of the United States most accomplished and recognized special operations experts, with over 30 years of experience... Combatants Panama United States Commanders Manuel Noriega Maxwell R. Thurman Strength 16,000+ 27,684+ Casualties 100-1,000 killed 24 Killed 325 Wounded 300-3,000 civilians killed Rangers from Charlie Company, 3rd Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment prepare to take La Comandancia in the El Chorrillo neighborhood of Panama... Admiral Eric Thor Olson, USN, (born 1951 or 1952 in Tacoma, Washington[1]) is the 8th and current Commander, United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM). ... Seal team SIX patch SEAL Team SIX, is the U.S. Navys main counterterrorist unit, where operatives are drawn from the current SEAL ranks. ... Joseph Robert Bob Kerrey (born August 27, 1943) was the Democratic Governor of Nebraska from 1983 to 1987, and a U.S. Senator from Nebraska (1989–2001). ... Chuck Pfarrer was born in Boston, Massachusetts, on April 13, 1957, but he considers Biloxi, Mississippi, to be his hometown. ... Seal team SIX patch SEAL Team SIX, is the U.S. Navys main counterterrorist unit, where operatives are drawn from the current SEAL ranks. ... The Jackal - Poster 1 The Jackal - Poster 2 This article is about the movie. ... Darkman is a 1990 film film directed by Sam Raimi that was based on a short story he wrote and paying homage to Universal horror films of the 1930s. ... Meanings of Red Planet: Red Planet (movie) Red Planet (novel) Mars is often referred to as the Red Planet. ... Virus is a sci-fi/horror film released in 1999. ... For the military term, see Hard target. ... Navy SEALs is a 1990 film, directed by Lewis Teague. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... Warrior Soul, The Memoir of a Navy SEAL, Chuck Pfarrer, Random House, 2004. ... Chuck Pfarrer was born in Boston, Massachusetts, on April 13, 1957, but he considers Biloxi, Mississippi, to be his hometown. ... Erik Prince (born June 6, 1969 in Holland, Michigan) is the founder and owner of the military support contractor Blackwater USA. A millionaire and former US Navy SEAL, after high school he briefly attended the United States Naval Academy before attending and graduating from Hillsdale College. ... Blackwater USA is an international security contractor founded in 1997 by Erik Prince and Al Clark. ... Combatants  United States,  Canada,  United Kingdom,  New Zealand,  Australia,  Denmark,  France,  Norway,  Germany Taliban insurgents, al-Qaeda Commanders Major General Franklin Hagenbeck Unknown Strength 2,000 500–1,500 Casualties 8 U.S. servicemen killed, 82 wounded, 7 Afghan soldiers killed 500–800 [1] A map showing the pre-operation... Theodore Roosevelt IV (born November 27, 1942), the great-grandson of President Theodore Roosevelt, is a prominent conservationist and environmentalist, who frequently speaks out for the need to protect wild areas from development, frequently lobbying the White House and testifying before Congress on behalf of environmental causes. ... For other persons named Theodore Roosevelt, see Theodore Roosevelt (disambiguation). ... William McMichael Shepherd (born July 26, 1949) is an American astronaut who served as commander of the Expedition One crew on the International Space Station. ... ISS redirects here. ... Jesse Ventura (born July 15, 1951), also known as The Body, The Star, and The Governing Body, is an American politician, retired professional wrestler, Navy UDT veteran, actor, and former radio and television talk show host. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Largest metro area Minneapolis-St. ... Richard Mack Machowicz is an ex-Navy SEAL. He hosts a show on the Discovery Channel called Future Weapons. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Petty Officer Second Class Michael Anthony Monsoor (April 5, 1981 – September 29, 2006) was a U.S. Navy SEAL killed during the Iraq War and posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor. ... The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States. ... 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The musicians of Delirious? are: Martin Smith - singer, songwriter Jonathan Thatcher - bassist Timothy Jupp - pianist Stuart Garrard - guitarist Stewart Smith - drummer // See the page: Martin Smith (songwriter) Jonathan David Thatcher (born in 1976) is the bass guitarist for the English Christian rock and worship band Delirious?. His involvement with the... The Bronze Star Medal is a United States Armed Forces individual military decoration and is the fourth highest award for bravery, heroism or meritorious service. ... Combatants USSOF, UNOSOM II, Frontier Force Regiment Somali National Alliance-affiliated militias Commanders William F. Garrison Mohamed Farrah Aidid Strength 160 2,000-4,000 Casualties U.S. 18 killed 73 wounded 1 captured Malaysia 1 killed 7 wounded Pakistan 2 wounded SNA Militia and civilians At least 500[1...

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Military of the United States Portal 

Image File history File links Naval_Jack_of_the_United_States. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with MACV-SOG. (Discuss) The Studies and Observations Group (SOG) was an extremely secret American special force which conducted unconventional warfare operations prior to and during the Vietnam War. ... The Vietnam War was a war fought between 1957 and 1975 on the ground in South Vietnam and bordering areas of Cambodia and Laos (See Secret War) and in bombing runs (Rolling Thunder) over North Vietnam. ... This article is about the U.S. Special Operations Force. ... Air Force Special Tactics are special operations personnel of the United States Air Force under the Air Force Special Operations Command or AFSOC, a branch of the United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM). ... Official Name USMC Force Reconnaissance Force Recon Marines Branch United States Marine Corps Command Structure MARFORPAC; MEF I, III; MEU(SOC) 11, 13, 15, 31 MARFORLANT, MEF II; MEU(SOC) 22, 24, 26 MARFORRES, Reserves Description MEU(SOC) Deep Recon Capability, Special Operations Capability Readiness Any shore in the world... The 1st Special Forces Operational Detachment-Delta (1st SFOD-D) — commonly known as Delta in the U.S. Army, Delta Force by civilians, and Combat Applications Group by the Department of Defense — is a Special Operations Force (SOF) and an integral element of the Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC). ... Mark 8 mod 1 SDV Swimmer Delivery Vehicles (SDVs) are midget wet submersibles designed to transport combat swimmers or naval Special Forces underwater, over long distances. ... USN redirects here. ... This is a list of occurrences of United States Navy SEALs in fiction. ... It has been suggested that SEAL Team SIX be merged into this article or section. ... Underwater Demolition Teams (UDT) were a precursor to the current United States Navy SEALs. ... Emblem of the United States Special Operations Command. ... The United States Special Operations Forces is the official category which the United States Department of Defense lists the U.S. military units that have a training specialization in unconventional warfare and special operations. ... Red Teams or Red Cells are U.S. government parlance for teams or units designed to test the effectiveness of U.S. tactics or personnel. ... Mark V SOC The Mark V SOC (Special Operations Craft) is a small marine security/patrol/transport boat manufactured by Halter Marine Inc (Gulfport, Mississippi). ... Combatants  United States,  Canada,  United Kingdom,  New Zealand,  Australia,  Denmark,  France,  Norway,  Germany Taliban insurgents, al-Qaeda Commanders Major General Franklin Hagenbeck Unknown Strength 2,000 500–1,500 Casualties 8 U.S. servicemen killed, 82 wounded, 7 Afghan soldiers killed 500–800 [1] A map showing the pre-operation...

References

  1. ^ "SEAL Challenge Contract Instructions". Official U.S. Navy SEAL Information Website. Accessed April 08, 2006.
  2. ^ Black Hawk Down article: Where are they now?. Retrieved on 2008-1-20.
  • Navy Fact File: Navy SEALs. San Diego: Naval Special Warfare Command – Public Affairs Office, United States Navy (2005-03-03). Retrieved on 2006-06-25.
  • McCoy, Shane T. (August 2004). "Testing Newton's Law", All Hands Magazine, p.33.
  • Sasser, Charles W. Encyclopedia of The Navy SEALs, Facts on File, 2002. (ISBN 0-8160-4569-0)
  • SAMWolf. (May 20, 2004). The FReeper Foxhole Remembers The Marshall Islands Campaign. FreeRepublic.com

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Further reading

  • Bahmanyar, Mir. US Navy SEALs. Osprey Publishing, 2005. (ISBN 1-84176-807-3)

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United States Navy - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography (7503 words)
The navy was a part of the conflict from the very beginning of American involvement to the very end of the war, and proved to be a vital element in the success of the Allies.
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United States Navy SEALs - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2630 words)
The United States Navy Sea, Air and Land (SEAL) forces are the elite Special Operations Forces of the U.S. Navy, employed in unconventional warfare, foreign internal defense, direct action, Counter-Terrorism, and special reconnaissance operations.
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