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Encyclopedia > United States National Security Council

The National Security Council (NSC) of the United States is the principal forum used by the President of the United States for considering national security and foreign policy matters with his senior national security advisors and cabinet officials. Since its inception under President Harry Truman, the function of the Council has been to advise and assist the President on national security and foreign policies. The Council also serves as the President's principal arm for coordinating these policies among various government agencies. The presidential seal was first used by president Hayes in 1880 and last modified in 1959 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii The President of the United States of America (often abbreviated to POTUS) is the head of state of the United States. ... President of the United States, George W. Bush (right) at Camp David in March 2003, hosting the British Prime Minister Tony Blair. ... Cabinet meeting on May 16, 2001. ... For the victim of Mt. ...

Contents


History

The National Security Council was created in 1947 by the National Security Act. The context was a bureaucratic concurrence beetween Navy and Field Army. President Truman had made a prudent choice because he managed to make both of them happy. 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


The decision process inside the structure has become less and less formal, but influence of the Councilor has become stronger and stronger.


Membership

The National Security Council is chaired by the President. Its regular attendees (both statutory and non-statutory) are the Vice President of the United States, the Secretary of State, the Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary of Defense, and the Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs (known colloquially as the "national security advisor"). The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is the statutory military advisor to the Council, and the Director of National Intelligence is the intelligence advisor. The Chief of Staff to the President, Counsel to the President, and the Assistant to the President for Economic Policy are invited to attend any NSC meeting. The Attorney General and the Director of the Office of Management and Budget are invited to attend meetings pertaining to their responsibilities. The heads of other executive departments and agencies, as well as other senior officials, are invited to attend meetings of the NSC when appropriate. The Vice President of the United States is the second-highest executive official of the United States government, the person who, in the words of Adlai Stevenson, is a heartbeat from the presidency, and in the calculation of Vice President John Nance Garner, not worth a bucket of warm piss. ... Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice The United States Secretary of State is the head of the United States Department of State, concerned with foreign affairs. ... John W. Snow, the current Secretary of the Treasury. ... Seal of the United States Department of Defense The United States Secretary of Defense is the head of the United States Department of Defense, concerned with the armed services and The Secretary is appointed by the President with the approval of the Senate, and is a member of the Cabinet. ... The Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs, commonly referred to as the National Security Advisor, serves as the chief advisor to the President of the United States on national security issues. ... The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is by law the highest ranking military officer of the United States military, and the principal military advisor to the President of the United States. ... The post of National Intelligence Director was created in the wake of the September 11th attacks to be in charge of 12-plus intelligence agencies. ... The White House Chief of Staff is the highest-ranking member of the Executive Office of the President of the United States, and a senior aide to the President. ... The White House Counsel is a staff appointee of the President of the United States. ...

Structure of the United States National Security Council (2005)
Chair George W. Bush (President of the United States)
Regular Attendees

Richard B. Cheney (Vice President)
Condoleezza Rice (Secretary of State)
John W. Snow (Secretary of the Treasury)
Donald H. Rumsfeld (Secretary of Defense)
George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States. ... Richard Bruce Cheney (born January 30, 1941), widely known as Dick Cheney, is the 46th and current Vice President of the United States under President George W. Bush. ... Condoleezza Rice (born November 14, 1954) is the 66th and current United States Secretary of State, and the second in the administration of President George W. Bush. ... John W. Snow John William Snow, Ph. ... Donald Henry War-Criminal Rumsfeld (born July 9, 1932) is a US politician currently serving as the 21st United States Secretary of Defense, since January 20, 2001, under President George W. Bush. ...

Stephen J. Hadley (Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs)
Military Advisor Peter Pace (Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff)
Intelligence Advisor John Negroponte (Director of National Intelligence) - Note: prior to April 21, 2005 this position was filled by the Director of Central Intelligence
Additional Participants

Andrew H. Card, Jr. (Chief of Staff to the President)
Harriet Miers (Counsel to the President)
Stephen J. Hadley, Assistant to the President For National Security Affairs in George W. Bushs second term administration. ... General Peter Pace General Peter Pace (born November 5, 1945) is the current Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the first U.S. Marine appointed to this position. ... The neutrality of this article is disputed. ... April 21 is the 111th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (112th in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... In the United States, the Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) serves as the head of both the Intelligence Community and the Central Intelligence Agency. ... Andrew Hill Card Jr. ... Harriet Miers Harriet Ellan Miers (born August 10, 1945) is an American lawyer, currently serving as White House Counsel. ...

Allan Hubbard (Assistant to the President for Economic Policy)

Graphical Representation Allan Hubbard is the Assistant to President George W. Bush for Economic Policy and Director of the National Economic Council. ...


Authority

The National Security Council was established by the National Security Act of 1947 (PL 235 - 61 Stat. 496; U.S.C. 402), amended by the National Security Act Amendments of 1949 (63 Stat. 579; 50 U.S.C. 401 et seq.). Later in 1949, as part of the Reorganization Plan, the Council was placed in the Executive Office of the President. The National Security Act of 1947 signed July 26, 1947 by U.S. President Harry S. Truman realigned and reorganized the United States armed forces, foreign policy, and Intelligence Community apparatus in the aftermath of World War II. It merged the United States Department of War and the United States...

  • History of the United States National Security Council
    • History of the United States National Security Council 1947-1953
    • History of the United States National Security Council 1953-1961
    • History of the United States National Security Council 1961-1963
    • History of the United States National Security Council 1963-1969
    • History of the United States National Security Council 1969-1974
    • History of the United States National Security Council 1974-1977
    • History of the United States National Security Council 1977-1981
    • History of the United States National Security Council 1981-1989
    • History of the United States National Security Council 1989-1992
    • History of the United States National Security Council 1993-2003

Since the end of World War II, each administration has sought to develop and perfect a reliable set of executive institutions to manage national security policy. ... This is a history of the United States National Security Council during the Truman Administration, 1947–1953. ... This article is about the history of the United States National Security Council during the Eisenhower Administration, 1953-1961. ... This article is about the history of the United States National Security Council during the Kennedy Administration, 1961-1963. ... This article is about the history of the United States National Security Council during the Johnson Administration, 1963-1969. ... This article is about the history of the United States National Security Council during the Nixon Administration, 1969-1974. ... This is article is about the history of the United States National Security Council during the Ford Administration, 1974-1977. ... This article is about the history of the United States National Security Council during the Carter Administration, 1977-1981: Jimmy Carter began his term determined to eliminate the abuses he ascribed to the Kissinger National Security Council under Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford. ... This article is about the history of the United States National Security Council during the Reagan Administration, 1981-1989. ... This article is about the history of the United States National Security Council during the first Bush Administration, 1989-1992. ... This article is about the history of the United States National Security Council during the Clinton Administration, 1993-1997. ...

Further reading

  • David J. Rothkopf, Running The World: the Inside Story of the National Security Council and the Architects of American Power, PublicAffairs; 2005, ISBN 1586482483

Reference

  • NSC page at the White House website
  • Story on the NSC in Foreign Policy journal.

For the American magazine, see Foreign Policy. ...

See also


 
 

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