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Encyclopedia > United States Military Academy
United States Military Academy

Motto: Duty • Honor • Country
Established: 1802
Type: Federal military academy
Superintendent: Lt. Gen. Franklin Hagenbeck
Staff: approximately 500 faculty
Undergraduates: 4,000
Location: West Point, New York, United States
Campus: 16,080 acres (65 km²)
Athletics: 25 varsity teams, called "Black Knights"
Colors: Black , Gray , and Gold
Website: www.usma.edu
"USMA" redirects here. For other uses see USMA (disambiguation)

The United States Military Academy (also known as USMA, West Point or, for collegiate athletic purposes, Army) is a United States Army post and service academy. West Point was the first United States military post built after the Declaration of Independence. In its inception, it was under the command of Benedict Arnold.[1] Established in 1802, it is the oldest military academy in the United States. Students are referred to as cadets. Collectively, graduates are known as "The Long Gray Line" because of the color of cadet uniforms and the unbroken line of West Point graduates. West Point trains more United States Army officers than any other single institution and a high proportion of distinguished American generals have been West Point graduates. Currently, over 900 graduates are commissioned as U.S. Army lieutenants every year, representing 25% of new lieutenants commissioned.[2] Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Image File history File links U.S._Military_Academy_COA.png // Coat of Arms. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... The date of establishment or date of founding of an institution is the date on which that institution chooses to claim as its starting point. ... The United States military academies, sometimes known as the United States service academies, are federal academies for the education and training of commissioned officers for the United States armed forces. ... The commanding officer of the United States Military Academy is its Superintendent. ... LTG Franklin L. Hagenbeck is an officer in the United States Army, currently serving as the 57th Superintendent of the U.S. Military Academy. ... This article is about work. ... In some educational systems, undergraduate education is post-secondary education up to the level of a Bachelors degree. ... West Point painting West Point is a federal military base (and a census-designated place) located in the Town of Highlands in Orange County, New York. ... This article is about the state. ... School colors are the colors chosen by a school to represent it on uniforms and other items of identification. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... West Point is the name of several places in the United States: West Point, Alabama West Point, Arkansas West Point, California West Point, Georgia West Point, Illinois West Point, Iowa West Point, Kentucky West Point, Mississippi West Point, Nebraska West Point, New York West Point, Utah West Point, Virginia West... The United States Army is the largest and oldest branch of the armed forces of the United States. ... A military base is a facility directly owned and operated by and/or for the military or one of its branches that shelters military equipment and personnel, and facilitates training and operations. ... A military academy is a military educational institution. ... A declaration of independence is an assertion of the independence of an aspiring state or states. ... For other persons named Benedict Arnold, see Benedict Arnold (disambiguation). ... This article refers to the general definition of cadet. ... General is a military rank, in most nations the highest rank, although some nations have the higher rank of Field Marshal. ... Lieutenant is a military, naval, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ...


The Academy is located at West Point, New York, on a scenic overlook of the Hudson River, about 50 miles (80 km) north of New York City. ( 41°23′38″N, 73°57′16″W). Occupying over 16,000 acres (65 km²), it is one of the largest school campuses in the world. By comparison, the United States Naval Academy is 338 acres (1.37 km²) and United States Air Force Academy is 18,000 acres (73 km²). Its unique combination of facilities includes a ski slope and artillery range, in addition to the academic buildings and sports facilities found on a typical university campus. The post itself was first occupied in 1778; it is thus the oldest continuously occupied military post in the United States. West Point painting West Point is a federal military base (and a census-designated place) located in the Town of Highlands in Orange County, New York. ... This article is about the state. ... Trophy Point is a scenic overlook of the Hudson River Valley located at West Point, New York. ... The Hudson River, called Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk in Mahican or as the Lenape Native Americans called it in Unami, Muhheakantuck, is a river that runs through the eastern portion of New York State and, along its southern terminus, demarcates the border between the states of New York and... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... This article is about the unit of measurement. ... The United States Naval Academy (USNA) is an institution for the undergraduate education of officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps and is in Annapolis, Maryland . ... The United States Air Force Academy (USAFA or Air Force),[1] located immediately north of Colorado Springs in El Paso County, Colorado, United States, is an institution for the undergraduate education of officers for the United States Air Force. ... Cross-country skiing (skating style) in Einsiedeln, Switzerland. ... For other uses, see Artillery (disambiguation). ... For the community in Florida, see University, Florida. ...

Contents

Appointment process

Prior to 1903, the student body was limited to a maximum total of 600, although it was axiomatic that that maximum was rarely reached due to appointment rules and academic and disciplinary attrition in each class. Each US Representative was entitled to have one Cadet from his home district at any time, while each US Senator could have one Cadet from his home State at-large at any time. Each Territorial Delegate could have one Cadet, and the President could have thirty Cadets at any time. This left 89 slots that could be filled by other means, to include appointment from the enlisted ranks, and foreign military appointments. Each new class started with approximately 150 Cadets[3]..


By an Act of Congress passed in 1903, two appointments as Cadets were allowed for each senator, representative, and delegate in Congress, two for the District of Columbia, and five each year at large on an Annual basis. Currently, each member of Congress and the Vice President can have five appointees attending the Military Academy at any time. When any appointee graduates or otherwise leaves the academy, a vacancy is created. The process is not political and applicants do not have to know their congressman to be nominated. Congressmen generally nominate ten people per vacancy. They can nominate people in a competitive manner, or they can have a principal nomination. In a competitive nomination, all ten applicants are reviewed by the academy to see who is the most qualified. If the congressman appoints a principal nominee, then as long as that candidate is physically, medically, and academically found qualified by the academy, he or she will be admitted, even if there are more qualified applicants. The degree of difficulty in obtaining a nomination varies greatly according to the number of applicants in a particular state. The process of obtaining a nomination typically consists of completing an application, completing one or more essays, and obtaining one or more letters of recommendation. These requirements are set by the respective senator or congressman and are in addition to the USMA application. An Act of Vaginapenis is a bill or resolution adopted by both houses of the United States Congress to which one of the following events has happened: Acceptance by the President of the United States, Inaction by the President after ten days from reception (excluding Sundays) while the Congress is... The United States Senate is the upper house of the U.S. Congress, smaller than the United States House of Representatives. ... The House of Representatives is the larger of two houses that make up the U.S. Congress, the other being the United States Senate. ... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate President pro tempore Dick Cheney, (R) since January 20, 2001 Robert C. Byrd, (D) since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political... ... The Vice President of the United States[1] (sometimes referred to as VPOTUS[2] or Veep) is the first in the presidential line of succession, becoming the new President of the United States upon the death, resignation, or removal of the president. ... An appointee may be one of the following: A member who is appointed to a position or office is called an appointee. ... A military academy (American English), or service academy (British English) is an educational institution which prepares candidates for service in the military (officer corps of the Army), naval service or air force or provides education in a service environment, the exact definition depending on the country. ... A Congressman or Congresswoman (generically, Congressperson) is a politician who is a member of a Congress. ...

Washington Memorial on the parade field, Washington Hall in the background.
Washington Memorial on the parade field, Washington Hall in the background.

Additional sources of appointment are open to children of career military personnel (100 per year); 170 appointments per year are for active-duty Army enlisted personnel; 20 appointments per year are provided for Army Reserve Officer Training Corps Cadets; and 65 appointments are available to children of military members who were killed in action, or were rendered 100% disabled from injuries received in action, or are currently prisoners of war or missing in action. Additionally, children of Medal of Honor recipients do not need a nomination, but only need to qualify for admission. In the United States military active duty refers to military members who are currently serving full time in their military capacity. ... ROTC links here. ... Look up disability in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Geneva Convention definition A prisoner of war (POW) is a soldier, sailor, airman, or marine who is imprisoned by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. ... MIA is a three-letter acronym that is most commonly used to designate a combatant who is Missing In Action, and has not yet returned or otherwise been accounted for as either dead (KIA) or a prisoner of war (POW). ... The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States. ...


Typically, five to ten candidates are nominated for each appointment, which are normally awarded competitively; candidates who do not receive the appointment for which they are competing may still be admitted to the Academy as a qualified alternate. If a candidate is considered qualified but not picked up, they may receive an indirect admission to the United States Military Academy Preparatory School in Fort Monmouth, New Jersey; the following year, these candidates receive direct appointment to the Academy. The United States Military Preparatory School (USMAPS), sometimes referred to as West Point Prep, is a preparatory school for the United States Military Academy currently located at Fort Monmouth, in Eatontown, New Jersey. ... Ft. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


Admissions requirements

To be admitted, candidates must be between 17 and 23 years old upon entrance, unmarried with no legal obligation to support a child, and of good moral character. The current process includes a university application, standardized testing, and personal references. Candidates for admission also must undergo a physical aptitude test as well as a complete physical exam (the Department of Defense Medical Examination Review Board, or DoDMERB), including a separate visual acuity test to be eligible for appointment, although medical waivers are available. Candidates with vision uncorrectable to 20/20, as well as a range of other injuries or illnesses, will be automatically considered for a medical waiver only if they are highly competitive. The Candidate Fitness Assessment (CFA) may be administered by any physical education teacher or Service Academy Liaison Officer. Any active duty commissioned officer may administer the CFA for service members [4]. Moral character or character is an evaluation of an individuals moral qualities. ... Standardized testing is: in theory: a tool to ensure that student knowledge and aptitude in a given subject are examined with the same criteria across different schools. ...


In addition, about 20 candidates are admitted from foreign countries per year at the expense of the sending nations.


Graduation

Graduates receive a Bachelor of Science degree and most are commissioned as second lieutenants (the lowest rank for a commissioned officer) in the U.S. Army with an obligation to serve 5 years active service and 3 years inactive-reserve in the military. Eligibility for particular specialties (infantry, artillery, armor, aviation, engineers, etc.) is typically determined by academic performance and personal preference. Foreign cadets are commissioned into the armies of their home countries. B.S. redirects here. ... Second Lieutenant is the lowest commissioned rank in many armed forces. ...


Since 1959, cadets have been able to "cross-commission," or request a commission in the Air Force, Navy, or Marine Corps, provided they meet that service's eligibility requirements. In previous years, a small number of graduates would do this, typically in a one-for-one "trade" with similarly inclined cadets or midshipmen at the other service academies. Today, however, with the demand for trained Army officers exceptionally high due to the War on Terror, cross-commissioning has been suspended.[citation needed] “The U.S. Air Force” redirects here. ... USN redirects here. ... The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States military responsible for providing force projection from the sea,[1] using the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces and is one of seven uniformed services. ... For the fishes called midshipman, see Midshipman fish In the navies of English-speaking countries, a midshipman is a low-ranking commissioned officer, usually the lowest rank. ... This article is about U.S. actions, and those of other states, after September 11, 2001. ...


Cross-commissioning is governed by USCC Policy Memorandum 03-04 (SUBJECT: United States Corps of Cadets (USCC) Policy on Interservice Commissioning of United States Military Academy (USMA) Cadets), dated 23 July 2004. This policy is in accordance with (IAW) USMA Policy #69-99 Interservice Commissioning of USMA Cadets.


Title 10, United States Code (USC), (Sec 541) and Department of Defense Directive (DODD) 1322.22 (Paragraph 8) provides for a limited number (up to 12.5%) of the graduates of each Federal Service Academy to request commissioning in any one of the Armed Services. The Secretary of each Service regulates this opportunity. Since 1991, the Army has limited the number of USMA cadets commissioned in another Service to not more than 1% of the graduating class, and normally on a one-for-one basis with the other Service Academies. Applicants must be approved by both the Secretary of the applicant’s own Academy and the Secretary of the gaining Service. Applicants will be reviewed on a case-by-case basis and may be denied a transfer based on the needs and best interests of the proposed losing or gaining Service.


Curriculum

Cadets are educated and graded on their performance in academics, physical fitness, and military leadership.


The academic program consists of a core of 31 courses balanced in the arts and sciences. All cadets are required to take at least three engineering courses and three calculus courses. Cadets choose their majors in the fall of their second year. Up until their third year, all cadets take the same classes[5]. Regardless of major (there are currently 43) all cadets graduate with a Bachelor of Science Degree because of the engineering requirements. The school ranks near the top of all undergraduate programs in the winning of prestigious scholarships, such as Rhodes (#4), Hertz (#4), Truman (#3), Marshall (#6), and East-West. Engineering is the discipline and profession of applying scientific knowledge and utilizing natural laws and physical resources in order to design and implement materials, structures, machines, devices, systems, and processes that realize a desired objective and meet specified criteria. ... For other uses, see Calculus (disambiguation). ...


The physical program includes both physical education classes and competitive athletics. Every cadet participates in an intercollegiate, club or intramural (called Company Athletics) level sport each semester. As with all soldiers in the Army, cadets also must pass a physical fitness test twice per year. Cadets take an annual "Indoor Obstacle Course Test", or IOCT—which generally is regarded by cadets to be the "worst three minutes of the year". This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The term intramural is most commonly associated with sports within a school. ...


Cadets learn basic military skills, including leadership, through a military program that begins on their first day at West Point. Most military training takes place during the summer, with new cadets undergoing Cadet Basic Training — or "Beast Barracks" — the first year, followed by Cadet Field Training at nearby Camp Buckner the second year. Cadets spend their third and fourth summers serving in active Army units around the world; attending advanced training courses such as airborne, air assault or mountain warfare; and training the first- and second-year cadets as members of the leadership cadre. Additionally, cadets are housed in barracks and have leadership positions and responsibilities throughout the academic year. Most cadets refer to their cadet barracks room as "Cell Block XX", where XX is the room number. Look up cadre in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Every summer, in the year between the Plebe Year and the Yearling Year, the men and women train at Camp Buckner. In this six week part of Cadet Summer Training at the Military Academy, the cadets are introduced to a variety of weapon systems and training exercises. The yearlings are under the command of the juniors, or Cows. The seniors, or Firsties, are in officer positions such as Platoon leader and Company commanders. There are eight companies of four platoons each, and they all must take part in the two, three week training exercises. The first of the three weeks are focused more on training, while the last three weeks are more focused on practical exercises. Some field training exercises include first aid and med-evac, patrolling, search and attack, and land navigation. At the end of the six week session, awards are given out to the best company based on the best performance at each training site. After the awards are given out, there is a “Camp Illumination” dance, and the yearlings are promoted to the rank of Cadet Corporal.


Moral-ethical development occurs throughout the formal programs as well as a host of activities and experiences available at the Military Academy. These include formal instruction in the important values of the military profession, voluntary religious programs, interaction with staff and faculty role models, and a vigorous guest-speaker program. The foundation of the ethical code at West Point is found in the Academy's motto, "Duty, Honor, Country." Cadets also develop ethically by adhering to the Cadet Honor Code, which states "A cadet will not lie, cheat, steal, or tolerate those who do." Ethics is a general term for what is often described as the science (study) of morality. In philosophy, ethical behavior is that which is good or right. ...


Rank

Unlike virtually all other bachelor-degree granting institutions in the U.S. (but like the other military academies), the Academy does not refer to its students as freshmen, sophomores, juniors, or seniors; they are instead officially called "fourth class", "third class", "second class", and "first class".


Colloquially, freshmen are "plebes"; sophomores, "yearlings" or "Yuks"; juniors, "cows"; seniors, "firsties". Most cadets consider plebe year to be the most difficult because of the transition from civilian to cadet. However, the third class year is generally considered to be the hardest academically.


Within the classes, cadets can hold positions of increasing responsibility with a cadet rank:

  • Fourth Class (Plebe): Cadet Private (Member of Squad).
  • Third Class (Yearling or Yuk): Cadet Corporal (Team Leader).
  • Second Class (Cow): Cadet Sergeant (Squad Leader); Platoon Sgt, various staff positions at the Company and Battalion level; Cadet First Sergeant (First Sergeant); Cadet Color Sergeant (Color Guard member), Cadet Sergeant Major (Sergeant Major of a Battalion).
  • First Class (Firstie): Cadet Lieutenant (Platoon Leader), various staff positions within a Company; Cadet Captain (Company Commander, Battalion Commander, Regimental Commander), various staff positions at the Battalion level up to Brigade level; Cadet First Captain (Brigade Commander), highest position in the Corps of Cadets; Command Sergeant Major, at the Regimental and Brigade level.

Organization

Cadets on parade.
Cadets on parade.
Cadets on parade on the Champs-Élysées during the Bastille Day 2002 parade
Cadets on parade on the Champs-Élysées during the Bastille Day 2002 parade

The Corps of Cadets has the following organization: Image File history File links SR01_032. ... Image File history File links SR01_032. ... Image File history File links Bastille_Day_2002_westpoint2. ... Image File history File links Bastille_Day_2002_westpoint2. ... The Champs-Élysées (pronounced  ) is the most prestigious and broadest avenue in Paris. ... This article is about the French holiday. ...

(The number of cadets is approximate)
  • 1 Brigade (4,000 cadets) which consists of:
  • 4 Regiments (1,000 Cadets) which consist of:
  • 2 Battalions (500 cadets) which consist of:
  • 4 Companies (120 cadets) which consist of:
  • 4 Platoons (30 cadets) which consist of:
  • 4 Squads (7 cadets) which consist of:
  • 2–3 Teams (2–3 cadets)

Note that various staff positions are not included above.


History

The site was selected for the construction of a fort by George Washington, and the fortifications were designed in 1778 by Tadeusz Kościuszko. In addition to various forts surrounding the area, a great chain was strung across the Hudson River in order to obstruct British ships attempting to navigate the river. Though never tested, the chain performed its purpose by preventing British movement up and down the river. George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799)[1] led Americas Continental Army to victory over Britain in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), and in 1789 was elected the first President of the United States of America. ... KoÅ›ciuszko redirects here. ... The Hudson River, called Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk in Mahican or as the Lenape Native Americans called it in Unami, Muhheakantuck, is a river that runs through the eastern portion of New York State and, along its southern terminus, demarcates the border between the states of New York and... This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ...


General Washington considered West Point one of the most important positions on the continent. The high ground above a narrow "S" curve in the Hudson River enabled the Continental Army to control the vital river traffic. He felt that the British Army could have split the colonies in two if they gained control of this land. It was as commander of the fortifications at West Point that Benedict Arnold committed his infamous treason when he attempted to sell the fort to the British. Illustration depicting uniforms and weapons used during the 1779 to 1783 period of the American Revolution by showing four soldiers standing in an informal group General George Washington, was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army on June 15, 1775. ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... For other persons named Benedict Arnold, see Benedict Arnold (disambiguation). ...


George Washington quickly realized the need for a national military academy, but his Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson argued that there was no provision in the Constitution which allowed for the creation of a military academy. However, when Jefferson became president, he signed legislation establishing the United States Military Academy on March 16, 1802; the school opened on July 4 of the same year. In several countries, Secretary of State is a senior government position. ... Thomas Jefferson (13 April 1743 N.S.–4 July 1826) was the third President of the United States (1801–09), the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and one of the most influential Founding Fathers for his promotion of the ideals of Republicanism in the United States. ... Page I of the Constitution of the United States of America Page II of the United States Constitution Page III of the United States Constitution Page IV of the United States Constitution The Syng inkstand, with which the Constitution was signed The Constitution of the United States is the supreme... is the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1802 (MDCCCII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Memorial to George Washington
Memorial to George Washington

The Superintendent from 1817 to 1833 was Colonel Sylvanus Thayer. He is known as the "father of the Military Academy." He upgraded academic standards, instilled military discipline and emphasized honorable conduct. He also created a teaching method known today as the Thayer Method, which emphasizes self study and daily homework, as well as small class size. This method is still used today. Inspired by the French École Polytechnique, Thayer made civil engineering the foundation of the curriculum. For the first half century, USMA graduates were largely responsible for the construction of the bulk of the nation's initial railway lines, bridges, harbors and roads. (The tradition continues in the hands of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.) Please see Colonel for other countries which use this rank Insignia of a United States Colonel Colonel is a rank of the United States armed forces. ... Sylvanus Thayer, painting by Robert Weir Brigadier General Sylvanus Thayer (June 9, 1785 - September 7, 1872) also known as the Father of West Point was an early superintendent of the United States Military Academy at West Point and an early advocate of engineering education in the United States. ... Thayer could refer to the following People: Alfred Thayer Mahan Ernest Thayer Sylvanus Thayer Thayer David Places: Thayer, Illinois Thayer, Iowa Thayer, Kansas Thayer, Missouri Thayer, Nebraska Organisation: Thayer School of Engineering This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same... For other Écoles Polytechniques, see École Polytechnique de Montréal and École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne. ... The Falkirk Wheel in Scotland. ... United States Army Corps of Engineers logo The United States Army Corps of Engineers, or USACE, is made up of some 34,600 civilian and 650 military men and women. ...


In 1830, a fire occurred in the Academy building, housing (on the first floor); chemical laboratory, engineering room and chapel, and on the second floor the Adjuntant's office, Philosophy department, and Library. Many valuable historical records were lost from the Adjuntant's office. [6].


During and After the Civil War

The development of other technical schools in the United States during the post-Civil War period allowed West Point to broaden its curriculum beyond a strict civil engineering focus. Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... The Falkirk Wheel in Scotland. ...


After World War I, Superintendent Douglas MacArthur sought to further diversify the academic curriculum. In recognition of the physical demands of modern warfare, MacArthur pushed for major changes in the physical fitness and athletic programs. "Every cadet an athlete" became an important goal. At the same time, the cadet management of the Honor System, long an unofficial tradition, was formalized with the creation of the Cadet Honor Committee and an official Cadet Honor Code, which is that a cadet will not lie, cheat, steal, or tolerate those who do.[2] “The Great War ” redirects here. ... This article is about the American general; for the municipality in the Philippines, see General MacArthur, Eastern Samar. ... Physical fitness is an attribute required for service in virtually all military forces. ...


Following the creation of the U.S. Air Force as a separate service in 1947 and until the graduation of the first United States Air Force Academy class in 1959, West Point cadets who met the eligibility standards could apply to be commissioned as Air Force officers.


In 1964, President Lyndon Johnson signed legislation increasing the strength of the Corps of Cadets from 2,529 to 4,417 (more recently reduced to 4,000 but soon to return to 4,400). Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908–January 22, 1973), often referred to as LBJ, was an American politician. ...


Women were first admitted in 1976.


West Point is home to the Sylvanus Thayer Award, named after the "father of the Academy." The award is given each year since 1958 by the Academy to an outstanding citizen whose service and accomplishments in the national interest exemplify the Military Academy motto, "Duty, Honor, Country." The award has been awarded to some notable people, to include George H.W. Bush, Colin Powell, Tom Brokaw, Carl Vinson and Bob Hope. The Sylvanus Thayer Award is a military award that is given each year by the United States Military Academy at West Point. ... Order: 41st President Vice President: Dan Quayle Term of office: January 20, 1989 – January 20, 1993 Preceded by: Ronald Reagan Succeeded by: Bill Clinton Date of birth: June 12, 1924 Place of birth: Milton, Massachusetts First Lady: Barbara Pierce Bush Political party: Republican George Herbert Walker Bush, KBE (born June... General Colin Luther Powell, United States Army (Ret. ... Thomas John Brokaw (born February 6, 1940 in Webster, South Dakota) is a popular American television journalist, Previously working on regularly scheduled news documentaries for the NBC television network, and is the former NBC News anchorman and managing editor of the program NBC Nightly News with Tom Brokaw. ... Carl Vinson Carl Vinson (November 18, 1883 – June 1, 1981) was a Democratic United States Congressman from Georgia. ... Bob Hope, KBE (May 29, 1903 – July 27, 2003), born Leslie Townes Hope, was an English-Born American entertainer who appeared in vaudeville, on Broadway, on radio and television, in movies, and in performing tours for U.S. Military personnel, well known for his good natured humor and career longevity. ...


No classes graduated in 1810 or 1816, and there were two graduating classes during the war years of 1861, 1917, 1918, and 1943, as well as in 1922.

2007 West Point class ring

West Point began the collegiate tradition of the class ring, beginning with the class of 1835, and continuing ever since. The Class of 1879 had cuff links in addition to their class ring. Other classes are known to have cadets who had bracelets made. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 750 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1613 × 1289 pixel, file size: 199 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I took this picture of my 2007 West Point class ring. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 750 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1613 × 1289 pixel, file size: 199 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I took this picture of my 2007 West Point class ring. ... A class ring (also known as a graduate, or grad, ring) is a ring worn by students and alumni to commemorate their graduation, generally for a high school, college, or university. ... This set of cuff links and studs features pearl inlays. ... A bracelet is an article of clothing or jewelry which is worn around the wrist. ...


In recent decades, the Academy's curricular structure has been markedly changed to permit cadets to major in any one of more than a dozen fields, including a wide range of subjects from the sciences to the humanities. For other uses, see Humanities (disambiguation). ...


Based on the significance both of the Revolutionary War fort ruins and of the military academy itself, the majority of the academy area was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1960.[7][8] This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ...


Women at the Academy

West Point first accepted women as Cadets in 1976, when Congress authorized the admission of women to all of the federal service academies. Women comprise about 10 to 12 percent of entering plebes — or freshmen — and they pursue the same academic and professional training as do their male classmates, except with different physical aptitude standards on the Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT) and the Indoor Obstacle Course Test (IOCT). In addition women at West Point do not take boxing.


The first class with female cadets graduated in 1980. In 1989, Kristen Baker became the first female First Captain at West Point. An effigy of her is in the West Point Museum in a display room honoring her. To date [May 2006] three females have been appointed as the First Captain: Grace H. Chung in 2004 and Stephanie Hightower in 2006.


In 1995, Rebecca Marier became the academy's first female valedictorian. In the United States and Canada, the title of valedictorian (an anglicized derivation from the Latin vale dicere, to say farewell) is given to the top graduate of the graduating class (the Australia/New Zealand equivalent being dux, although some Australian universities use the American term) of an educational institution. ...


Following the Air Force Academy sexual assault scandal and because of concerns about alleged sexual assault in the U.S. military, the Department of Defense was required to establish a task force to investigate sexual harassment and assault at the U.S. military academies in the law funding the military for the 2004 fiscal year. Though the definitions were broad, the report, issued August 25, 2005, showed that during 2004, 50 percent of women at West Point reported instances of sexual harassment while 111 incidents of sexual assault were reported. [9] This article concerns a particular scandal which received a great deal of media coverage. ... There is an ongoing problem with sexual assault in the U.S. military which has resulted in a series of scandals which have received extensive media coverage. ... The United States Department of Defense (DOD or DoD) is the federal department charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government relating directly to national security and the military. ... A task force (TF) is a temporary unit or formation established to work on a single defined task or activity. ... Sexual harassment is harassment or unwelcome attention of a sexual nature. ... is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sexual harassment is harassment or unwelcome attention of a sexual nature. ... Sexual assault is any physical contact of a sexual nature without voluntary consent. ...


The first female cadet to attain flag (general officer) rank was Rebecca Halstead, class of 1981. She was promoted to Brigadier General in 2005 and is currently serving as the Army's Chief of Ordnance.[10]


Sports

The Military Academy's sports teams were historically called The Black Knights of the Hudson, but the nickname has been officially shortened to Black Knights. U.S. sports media use Army as a synonym for the Academy; this usage is officially endorsed. The Army mascot was formerly the Mule, but was changed to the Black Knight in 2000. On Brave Old Army Team is the fight song for the athletic teams. For other uses, see Mule (disambiguation). ... The Lyrics to the USMA fight song On Brave Old Army Team On Brave Old Army Team The Army teams the pride and dream Of every heart in gray. ... For the single by Marilyn Manson, see The Fight Song. ...


Football

Army's football team at one time was considered a top-tier college program, reaching its pinnacle under coach Earl Blaik when Army won consecutive national championships in 1944-45 and produced three Heisman trophy winners; Doc Blanchard (1945), Glenn Davis (1946) and Pete Dawkins (1958). In modern times however, it hasn't been as powerful a team. This is due to the fact that top football recruits, with the chance to go to the NFL, would hesitate to go to a school that requires them to be on active Army duty for five years after they graduate. City West Point, New York Team Colors Black and Gold Head Coach Bobby Ross Home Stadium Michie Stadium League/Conference affiliations Division I-A Independent (1890-1997, 2005-present) Conference USA (1998-2004) Team history All-Time Record: 628-422-51 Bowl Record: 2-2-0 National Championships (3) 1914... Earl Henry Red Blaik (February 15, 1897 - May 6, 1989) was a U.S. football coach. ... Heisman redirects here. ... Felix Anthony Doc Blanchard (born December 11, 1924, raised in Bishopville, South Carolina) is best known as the Army football player who won the 1945 Heisman, Maxwell Award, and James E. Sullivan Award. ... Time magazine cover from October 23, 1945. ... Peter Miller Dawkins (born March 8, 1938 in Royal Oak, Michigan) is a former U.S. Army Brigadier General, Heisman Trophy winner, Rhodes Scholar, and businessman. ...


Future NFL coaching legends Vince Lombardi and Bill Parcells were Army assistant coaches early in their careers (at different times). Vincent Thomas Lombardi (June 11, 1913 – September 3, 1970) was one of the most successful head coaches in the history of American football. ... Duane Charles Bill Parcells (born August 22, 1941 in Englewood, New Jersey), nicknamed The Big Tuna, is a retired American football head coach, last coaching the Dallas Cowboys of the National Football League. ...


The football team plays its home games on Blaik Field at historic Michie Stadium on campus near Lusk Reservoir. Cadets in attendance are required to stand for the duration of the game. Michie Stadium (pronounced Mike-Eee) is located on the campus of the United States Military Academy in West Point, New York. ... Lusk Reservoir is located next to Michie Stadium at the United States Military Academy at West Point. ...


In recent years, Army was a member of Conference USA, but its NCAA Division I-A football program reverted to its former independent status after the 2004 season. It competes with the other academies for the Commander in Chief's Trophy. The 2007 football season marked Army's sixth consecutive loss in the Army-Navy Game. Conference USA, officially abbreviated C-USA, is a college athletic conference whose member institutions are located within the Southern United States. ... NCAA redirects here. ... Division I (or DI) is the highest level of intercollegiate athletics sanctioned by the National Collegiate Athletic Association in the United States. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... The Commander-in-Chiefs Trophy is awarded to each seasons winner of the triangular college football series among the United States Military Academy (Army Black Knights), the United States Naval Academy (Navy Midshipmen), and United States Air Force Academy (Air Force Falcons). ... M*A*S*H, see The Army-Navy Game (M*A*S*H episode). ...

USMA Color Guard at 2006 Army Navy.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 614 KB) Photo taken by US Government Employee. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 614 KB) Photo taken by US Government Employee. ...

Other sports

All West Point Cadets compete in extracurricular sports in addition to taking physical education classes. Extracurricular athletics are generally divided into three types: varsity (called Corps squad), club, and company competition. The most well-known varsity sport outside of the Academy is football.


Army is a member of the Division I Patriot League in most other sports; its men's hockey program competes in Atlantic Hockey. Every year, Army faces Royal Military College of Canada Paladins in the annual West Point Weekend hockey game. This series, conceived in 1923, is the longest running international ice hockey series in the world. Currently Army leads the Series 39-29-6. The 2007 game was not played due to an apparent scheduling conflict.[11] Its sprint football team competes in the Collegiate Sprint Football League. The Academy is one of only 13 universities in the country offering NCAA Division I FBS football, D-I men's and women's basketball, and D-I hockey. Army also boasts Division I Men's and Women's rugby clubs. The Women's club is ranked number one in the nation as of this fall. The Patriot League is a college athletic conference which operates in the northeastern United States. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... Atlantic Hockey is a college athletic conference which operates in the northeastern United States. ... The Royal Military College of Canada (RMC), is the military academy of the Canadian Forces and is a full degree-granting university. ... Cornell Sprint Football team Sprint football, or lightweight football is a version of American football where no player may weigh more than 172 pounds. ...


In the 2005-06 basketball season, the women's basketball team went 20-11 and won the Patriot League conference tournament; they went to the 2006 NCAA Women's Division I Basketball Tournament as a 15 seed, where they lost to the University of Tennessee, 102-54. It was the first March Madness tournament appearance for any Army basketball team. The head coach of that team, Maggie Dixon, died soon after the season at only 28 years of age. The 2006 NCAA Womens Division I Basketball Tourament, marks the 25th NCAA Womens Basketball National Championship. ... The University of Tennessee (UT), sometimes called the University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UT Knoxville or UTK), is the flagship institution of the statewide land-grant University of Tennessee public university system in the American state of Tennessee. ... Disambiguation: March Madness comes from the phrase Mad as a March Hare. In England, the phrase March Madness may refer to wasteful spending at the end of a budget year. ... Maggie Dixon (May 9, 1977 – April 6, 2006) was a collegiate womens basketball coach. ...


In 2005, the USMA Rifle team swept the NCAA championships and won the national title.


Army Crew won a gold medal at the Intercollegiate Rowing Association championships in 2005 in the Men's Varsity Four w/o Coxswain.


Bob Knight, the winningest men's basketball coach in NCAA history, began his head coaching career at Army in the late 1960s and early 1970s before moving on to Indiana and Texas Tech. Because of his tenure at Army, Knight is still commonly known in sports circles as "The General". One of Knight's players at Army was Mike Krzyzewski, who later was head coach at Army before moving on to Duke where he won three national championships. Robert Montgomery (Bob or Bobby) Knight (born October 25, 1940, in Massillon, Ohio, U.S.), also known as The General, is the head mens basketball coach at Texas Tech. ... NCAA Tournament Champions 1940, 1953, 1976, 1981, 1987 NCAA Tournament Final Four 1940, 1953, 1973, 1976, 1981, 1987, 1992, 2002 Conference Regular Season Champions 1926, 1928, 1935, 1953, 1954, 1957, 1958, 1967, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1980, 1981, 1983, 1987, 1989, 1991, 1993, 2002 The Indiana Hoosiers mens basketball... Michael William Krzyzewski (; in American English transliteration shuh-shef-skee; born February 13, 1947 in Chicago, Illinois), often referred to as Coach K due to the difficult pronunciation of his surname, is the head coach of the Duke University mens basketball team. ... NCAA Tournament Champions 1991, 1992, 2001 NCAA Tournament Final Four 1963, 1964, 1966, 1978, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1994, 1999, 2001, 2004 Conference Tournament Champions 1938, 1941, 1942, 1944, 1946, 1960, 1963, 1964, 1966, 1978, 1986, 1988, 1992, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2006 Conference Regular Season... This article is about NCAA Mens Division I Basketball Championship. ...


Notable alumni

Buzz Aldrin, Class of 1951, walking on the moon. Taken by Neil Armstrong, Purdue class of 1955, first man on the moon
Buzz Aldrin, Class of 1951, walking on the moon. Taken by Neil Armstrong, Purdue class of 1955, first man on the moon

West Point has a number of famous alumni. Colonel Buzz Aldrin, Sc. ... This article is about the former American astronaut. ... An alumn (with a silent n), alum, alumnus, or alumna is a former student of a college, university, or school. ...


For a list of well-known graduates, see:

For a list of well-known alumni who did not graduate, see: This is a list of notable graduates of the United States Military Academy (West Point), arranged by category. ...

Main article: Notable non-graduate alumni of West Point

Edgar Allen Poe was expelled from the Class of 1834 Self-portrait of Class of 1855 drop-out, James Whistler Timothy Leary dropped out of the Class of 1943 This is a list of notable people who attended the United States Military Academy at West Point, but did not graduate. ...

Superintendents

Col. Thayer, "Father of the U.S. Military Academy.".
Col. Thayer, "Father of the U.S. Military Academy.".

The commanding officer of the United States Military Academy is its superintendent. This position is roughly equivalent to the president of a civilian university in the United States. The commanding officer of the United States Military Academy is its Superintendent. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (480x639, 101 KB) Summary Portrait of Sylvanus Thayer photo of portrait originally found at domain usma. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (480x639, 101 KB) Summary Portrait of Sylvanus Thayer photo of portrait originally found at domain usma. ...


Since 1812, all superintendents have themselves been West Point graduates, though this has never been an official prerequisite to hold that position.


Sylvanus Thayer served as superintendent from 1817 to 1833, and he instituted a number of reforms to make the academy a top-tier academic institution, which it remains today. For this, Thayer is known as the "Father of the U.S. Military Academy." . Sylvanus Thayer, painting by Robert Weir Brigadier General Sylvanus Thayer (June 9, 1785 - September 7, 1872) also known as the Father of West Point was an early superintendent of the United States Military Academy at West Point and an early advocate of engineering education in the United States. ...


In recent times, the position of superintendent has been held by a Lieutenant General. Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. ...


Lt. Gen. Franklin L. Hagenbeck, class of 1971, is the current superintendent, and has held the position since June 9, 2006. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... is the 160th day of the year (161st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Cullum number

A Cullum number is the number beside a Cadet's name in the Register of Graduates.


The Cullum number is a reference and identification number assigned to each graduate of the United States Military Academy. It was created by brevet Major General George W. Cullum (USMA Class of 1833) who, in 1850, began the monumental work of chronicling the biographies of every graduate. He assigned Number 1 to the first West Point graduate, Joseph Gardner Swift, and then numbered all successive graduates in sequence. Before his death in 1892, General Cullum completed the first three volumes of a work that eventually comprised 10 volumes, entitled General Cullum’s Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the United States Military Academy, and covering USMA classes from 1802 through 1850. The current Register of Graduates is a direct descendant of General Cullum's seminal work. The word brevet has several meanings: In the military, brevet refers to a warrant authorizing a commissioned officer to temporarily hold a higher rank, without a corresponding pay increase. ... George Washington Cullum (1809-92) was an American soldier and writer. ... Joseph Gardner Swift Joseph Gardner Swift (December 31, 1783 – July 23, 1865) was born in Nantucket, Massachusetts, was the 2nd graduate of West Point. ...


From 1802 through the Class of 1977, graduates were listed by General Order of Merit. Thus, the Register provided a quick reference for those looking for class rank. Beginning with the Class of 1978, graduates were listed alphabetically, and then by date of graduation.


Currently, seven graduates have an "A" suffix after their Cullum Number. For various reasons these graduates were omitted from the original class roster, and a suffix letter was added to avoid renumbering the entire class and subsequent classes.


Class Weekends

In addition to the myriad of mandatory cadet activities, they are given several opportunities to participate in high class social events. In particular, each class celebrates one class weekend while the firsties celebrate three major events. Every October, fourth class cadets participate in Plebe Parent Weekend, in February the third class cadets have Yearling Winter Weekend, and in January the second class cadets have 500th Night. In late August the first class cadets celebrate Ring Weekend, in February they observe 100th Night, and in May they have a week of events culminating in their graduation. A sort of graduation ceremony in its own right, Ring Weekend is when Cadet Firsties (Seniors) are given the infamous West Point class ring. ...

Academy grounds and buildings seen from an Amtrak train.
Academy grounds and buildings seen from an Amtrak train.

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 254 pixelsFull resolution (1677 × 532 pixel, file size: 369 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Image taken through the window of an Amtrak train. ... The high-speed Acela Express in West Windsor, New Jersey. ...

Points of interest

The visitor's center offers historical and informational videos, parking, restrooms, a gift shop, maps, pamphlets, a full-scale cadet barracks, and a movie theater; arrangements for guided tours also can be made. These tours, which are the only way the public can go on the grounds, are operated by a licensed contractor, West Point Tours, Inc., and leave the visitor's center several times a day. The tours stop and allow tourists to tour the Cadet Chapel (if not in use at the time), the parade grounds and Trophy Point. For the rest of the tour, the tourists remain on the bus as the guide narrates the tour of the rest of the campus. A gift shop is a store primarily selling souvenirs relating to a particular topic, often to simply provide evidence that the consumer has visited that location. ... A barracks housing conscripts of Norrbottens regemente in Boden, Sweden. ...


The West Point Museum is directly adjacent to the visitor's center, in the renovated Olmsted Hall at Pershing Center on the grounds of the former Ladycliff College. The grounds were purchased by West Point after the college closed in the early 1980s. The building is named after the museum's primary donor, Major General George H. Olmsted, Class of 1922. Pershing may refer to: John J. Pershing (1860-1948), US general M26 Pershing, US tank MGM-31 Pershing, US ballistic missile Pershing County, Nevada Robert Pershing Wadlow (1918-1940), the tallest human ever recorded Pershing A US broker/dealer, in the Bank of New York Group This is a disambiguation... Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Major General George H. Olmsted was born on March 18, 1901 in Des Moines, Iowa, the second of four children of Ernest and Alice Lockwood Olmsted. ...


The West Point Museum is truly the National Museum of the United States Army, having been founded by funds provided by Congress prior to the Mexican War. The museum's collections represent all major categories of military study from arms, cannon and artillery to uniforms, military art and objects reflecting West Point's history. Originally opened to the public in 1854, the West Point Museum is the oldest and largest military museum in the country. It contains some of America's most interesting national military treasures and one of the finest collections of military artifacts available for public viewing. Every American armed conflict is represented in the 135 exhibits. An additional gallery portrays the history of the U.S. Army during peacetime and its role as a formative nation builder within the United States. West Point's history during and after the Revolutionary War, as well as the institutional history of the Military Academy, are traced in the West Point gallery devoted to the school, the cadet and the officer. The museum also provides exhibits in Thayer Hall, USMA to support the Department of History cadet curriculum with exhibit themes which range from ancient to modern civilizations. For other uses, see Cannon (disambiguation). ... This article is about military actions only. ...


The senior staff of the West Point Museum includes a director, three curators of collections, an exhibition designer, conservator, registrar and collections preparator. The Museum is self-guided and it is recommended to allow at least 1-2 hours to view the extended and magnificent exhibits. During the Summer months, the Museum operates historic Fort Putnam.


West Point often is the first place for automobile tourists to stop and view on the scenic Hudson River route between New York City and Albany. New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... For other uses, see Albany. ...


Further reading

  • David Lipsky: Absolutely American: Four Years at West Point, Houghton Mifflin 2003, ISBN 0-618-09542-X
  • Theodore J. Crackel: West Point: A Bicentennial History, University Press of Kansas, 2002, ISBN 0-7006-1160-6
  • Robert M. S. McDonald, ed.: Thomas Jefferson's Military Academy: Founding West Point, University of Virginia Press, 2004, ISBN 0-8139-2298-4

David Lipsky (born 20 July 1965 in New York City) is a novelist, journalist, and short story writer. ...

West Point in fiction

  • Four of the six young adult novels written by Colonel Red Reeder about fictional cadet Clint Lane take place at West Point.
  • Dick Prescott's Fourth Year at West Point: Ready to Drop the Gray for Shoulder Straps, H Irving Hancock.
  • The Mary Higgins Clark suspense novel Nighttime Is My Time also takes place primarily on the West Point Campus.
  • Dress Gray (ISBN 0385134754), a murder mystery set at USMA by Lucian K. Truscott IV.
  • West Point is the setting of Amy Efaw's young adult novel Battle Dress, about a female plebe undergoing cadet basic training.
  • West Point is the setting of Louis Bayard's thriller The Pale Blue Eye, about murdered cadets, with a young plebe named Edgar Allan Poe hot on the trail.
  • James Rutland, Lara Croft's enemy who performs in computer game: "Tomb Raider: Legend", went to West Point. Zip tells it to Lara after the level Bolivia.

There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Mary Theresa Eleanor Higgins Clark Conheeney, best known as Mary Higgins Clark, (December 24, 1927 in the Bronx, New York) is an American author of suspense novels. ... The starship Enterprise (NX-01) Star Trek: Enterprise is a science fiction television series set in the Star Trek universe. ... Hatchery is the title of a Star Trek: Enterprise television episode from season three. ... Major J. Hayes is a fictional character from the TV program Star Trek: Enterprise, played by Steven Culp, a popular actor also seen in the 5th and 6th season of The West Wing, playing the Speaker of the House. ... Jack Reacher, commonly known simply as Reacher, is a fictional character created by author Lee Child. ... A protagonist is the main figure of a piece of literature or drama and has the main part or role. ... Lee Child accepting Barry Award Lee Child (born 1954, Coventry, England) is a British thriller writer currently living in New York City with his wife Jane, daughter Ruth, and a dog named Jenny. ... Covers of the North and South trilogy North and South is the general title of a 1980s trilogy of novels by John Jakes, which takes place during American Civil War times. ... John Jakes (born on March 31, 1932) is a writer of fiction. ... Edgar Allan Poe (January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) was an American poet, short story writer, playwright, editor, literary critic, essayist and one of the leaders of the American Romantic Movement. ... For other uses, see Death of a Salesman (disambiguation). ... Arthur Bob Miller (October 17, 1915 – February 10, 2005) was an American playwright and essayist. ...

References

  1. ^ Spies of the American Revolution - University of Michigan
  2. ^ About the Academy
  3. ^ Blumenson, Martin (1972). The Patton Papers 1885 —1940. Boston, Massachusetts: Houghton Mifflin, p. 47. ISBN 0-395-12706-8. 
  4. ^ CFA instructions - USMA
  5. ^ USMA Curriculum
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ United States Military Academy. National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service (2007-09-22).
  8. ^ Richard Greenwood (November 10, 1975), National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: United States Military AcademyPDF (688 KiB), National Park Service and Accompanying photos, various datesPDF (1.19 MiB)
  9. ^ Report of The Defense Task Force on Sexual Harassment & Violence at the Military Service Academies
  10. ^ National Women's History Project 2007 Honorees. National Women's History Project. Retrieved on 2007-12-06.
  11. ^ globesports.com: RMC-West Point game on ice

Boston redirects here. ... Houghton Mifflin Company is a leading educational publisher in the United States. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 265th day of the year (266th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to... “PDF” redirects here. ... MiB redirects here. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Military of the United States Portal
  • United States Military Academy is at coordinates 41°23′32″N 73°57′27″W / 41.392184, -73.957536 (United States Military Academy)Coordinates: 41°23′32″N 73°57′27″W / 41.392184, -73.957536 (United States Military Academy)
NCAA redirects here. ... Atlantic Hockey is a college athletic conference which operates in the northeastern United States. ... The Blue Cross Arena is a multi-purpose indoor arena located in Rochester, New York. ... // Organization Three women collegiate fencers, Julia Jones and Dorothy Hafner of New York University and Elizabeth Ross of Cornell University, founded the NIWFA in 1929. ... “City College” redirects here. ... Cornell redirects here. ... Drew University is a small, private university located in Madison, New Jersey. ... Fairleigh Dickinson University is a American private university founded in 1942. ... The University of Florida (Florida or UF) is a flagship public land-grant, sea-grant[3] major research university located on a 2,000 acre campus in Gainesville, Florida, United States of America. ... Haverford College is a private, coeducational liberal arts college located in Haverford, Pennsylvania, a suburb of Philadelphia. ... See also: Hunter College High School Hunter College of The City University of New York (known more commonly as simply Hunter College) is a senior college of the City University of New York (CUNY), located on Manhattans Upper East Side. ... The Johns Hopkins University, founded in 1876, is a private institution of higher learning located in Baltimore, Maryland, United States. ... This article is about Marist College in Poughkeepsie, New York. ... The University of Maryland, College Park (also known as UM, UMD, or UMCP) is a public university located in the city of College Park, in Prince Georges County, Maryland, just outside Washington, D.C., in the United States. ... New Jersey Institute of Technology is a public research university in Newark, New Jersey. ... Queens College is one of the senior colleges of the City University of New York. ... Smith College is a private, independent womens liberal arts college located in Northampton, Massachusetts. ... Stevens Institute of Technology is a technological university located on a 55 acre (223,000 m²) campus in Hoboken, New Jersey, USA, founded in 1870 on the basis of an 1868 bequest from Edwin A. Stevens. ... For the private Christian university in Tennessee, see Tennessee Temple University. ... Tufts University is a private research university in Medford/Somerville, Massachusetts, suburbs of Boston. ... The University of Virginia (also called U.Va. ... Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, better known as Virginia Tech, is a public land grant polytechnic university in Blacksburg, Virginia, U.S. Although it is a comprehensive university with many departments, the agriculture, engineering, architecture, forestry, and veterinary medicine programs from its historical polytechnic core are still considered to... Yeshiva University is a private Jewish university in New York City whose first component was founded in 1886. ... New York, the Empire State has been at the center of American politics, finance, industry, transportation and culture since it was created by the Dutch in the 17th century. ... This article discusses the early American patriot group. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Nathan-hale-cityhall. ... The Liberty Boys erected several poles with banners to celebrate the repeal of the Stamp Act. ... Combatants Vermont, Connecticut Great Britain Commanders Ethan Allen, Benedict Arnold William Delaplace Strength 83 48 Casualties None 48 captured The capture of Fort Ticonderoga was an event early in the American Revolutionary War. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Combatants United States Great Britain Commanders George Washington, Charles Lee Sir William Howe, Lord Cornwallis Strength 19,000 regulars and militia 25,000 soldiers, 10,000 seamen The New York and New Jersey campaign was a series of engagements in the American Revolutionary War between British forces under General Sir... Combatants United States Kingdom of Great Britain Commanders George Washington, Israel Putnam William Howe, Charles Cornwallis, Henry Clinton Strength 11,000-13,000 unknown, nearly 20,000 (about 10,000 of which were militia ) 22,000 (including 9,000 Hessians) Casualties 1,719 total (312 dead, 1,407 wounded, captured... Prison Ship Martyrs Monument Program of the Dedicatory Ceremonies of the Prison Ship Martyrs Monument, November 14, 1908 Erected in Fort Greene Park, Brooklyn, New York. ... Combatants American milita British Army Commanders William Douglas William Howe Strength 900 4,000 Casualties 60 killed or wounded, 320 captured 12 killed The Landing at Kips Bay was a British maneuver during the New York Campaign in the American Revolutionary War. ... The Battle of Harlem Heights was a skirmish in the New York Campaign of the American Revolutionary War. ... The Great Fire was a devastating fire that burned through the night of September 21 – September 22, 1776 on the west end of what then constituted New York City at the southern end of the island of Manhattan. ... For other persons named Nathan Hale, see Nathan Hale (disambiguation). ... The Battle of Valcour Island, 11 October 1776, also known as Battle of Valcour Bay, was a naval engagement fought on Lake Champlain in a narrow strait between the New York mainland and Valcour Island. ... The Battle of Pells Point, also known as the Battle of Pelham, was a skirmish during the American Revolutionary War. ... Combatants United States Britain Commanders George Washington William Howe Strength 14,500 men 14,000 men Casualties 300 killed and wounded 313 killed and wounded Battle of White Plains Historic Site : George Washingtons HQ The Battle of White Plains was an inconclusive meeting on October 28, 1776 in the... Combatants United States Britain Hessian Army Commanders George Washington Robert Magaw William Howe Wilhelm Knyphausen Strength 2,900 8,000 Casualties 53 killed, 96 wounded, & 2,818 captured 78 killed, 374 wounded Fort Washington was a fort located at the upermost tip of Manhattan, New York overlooking the Hudson River... Meigs Raid (also known as the Battle of Sag Harbor) was guerrilla raid by American forces on the British at Sag Harbor, New York on May 23, 1777 during the American Revolutionary War in which six British were killed and 90 captured while the Americans suffered no casualties. ... Commanders Horatio Gates John Burgoyne Template:Campaignbox American Revolutionary War: Campaign of 1777 The campaign of 1777 was a series of battles in 1777 during the American Revolutionary War for control of the Hudson River. ... Combatants Great Britain United States Commanders John Burgoyne General Arthur St. ... Combatants Continental army Great Britain Brunswick-Luneburg Commanders Seth Warner Simon Fraser Baron von Riedesel Strength 1,200 men 850 men 180 Germans Casualties 41 killed, 96 wounded, 234 captured 60 killed, 148 wounded The Battle of Hubbardton was an engagement in the Saratoga campaign of the American Revolutionary War. ... Combatants British United States Commanders Lt Col. ... Combatants Tryon County militia 40 Oneida Indians Hanau Jager detachment Kings Royal Regiment of New York Butlers Rangers Seneca Indians Natives of the Seven Nations of Canada: Mohawks, Abenakis, Algonquins, Nipissings and Hurons Commanders Nicholas Herkimer † Sir John Johnson, John Butler, Chief Joseph Brant Strength 800 450+ Casualties... Combatants British 9th/Hill, 20th/Lynd, 21st/ Hamilton, 62nd/Ansthruter, Simon Fraser Brunswick Major Generals V. Riedesel, 1st Brigade (Brunswickers) Brig. ... Combatants Continental Army Patriot militia Britain Hessian Army Commanders Benedict Arnold Daniel Morgan Henry Dearborn Ebenezer Learned Enoch Poor Simon Fraser Baron von Riedesel James Inglis Hamilton Casualties 300 killed or wounded 600 killed or wounded The Battle of Freemans Farm (September 19, 1777) was the first engagement in... The Battle of Bemis Heights on October 7, 1777 is also known as the 2nd Battle of Saratoga since it was the second and last major engagement in the Battle of Saratoga of the American Revolutionary War. ... The Culper Ring was organized by Benjamin Tallmadge under the orders of General George Washington in the summer of 1778. ... The Battle of Cobleskill (Cobleskill massacre) occurred on May 30-June 1, 1778, in Cobleskill, New York. ... USMA redirects here. ... Incident in Cherry Valley - fate of Jane Wells from the original picture by Alonzo Chappel by Thomas Phillibrown, engraver. ... Combatants United States British Commanders Anthony Wayne Henry Johnson Strength 1,350 700 Casualties 15 killed, 83 wounded 63 killed, 70 wounded, 543 prisoners The Battle of Stony Point was a battle of the American Revolutionary War. ... The Sullivan Expedition, also known as the Sullivan-Clinton Expedition, was a campaign led by Major General John Sullivan and General James Clinton against Loyalists (Tories) and the four nations of the Iroquois who had sided with the British in the American Revolutionary War. ... The Battle of Newtown (29 August 1779) was the only major battle of the Sullivan Expedition, an armed offensive led by Gen. ... Elijah Churchill was a 32-year old carpenter from Enfield, Connecticut who entered the 8th Connecticut Regiment as a private on July 7, 1775. ... Major John André John André (May 2, 1750 - October 2, 1780) was a British officer hanged as a spy during the American Revolutionary War for an incident in which he assisted Benedict Arnolds attempted surrender of the fort at West Point, New York to the British. ... HMS Culloden was a Royal Navy third-rate ship of the line built in Deptford in 1776. ... Belligerents United States Kingdom of France Great Britain German Mercenaries Commanders George Washington Jean-Baptiste de Rochambeau François de Grasse Charles Cornwallis # Charles O’Hara # Strength 19,300 soldiers (10,800 French 8,500 Americans) 24 French warships 375 guns (see below) 7,500 240 guns Casualties and losses... The Washingtons Headquarters State Historic Site is a historic site on the central Hudson River in New York State, United States of America which preserves the last and longest serving headquarters of George Washington during the American Revolutionary War. ... In 1783, the Newburgh letter was sent to George Washington who was camped at Newburgh, New York; written for the army officers by Lewis Nicola, it proposed that Washington become the King of the United States. ... Evacuation Day on November 25 marks the day in 1783 when the last vestige of British authority in the United States — its troops in New York — departed from Manhattan. ... The current Fraunces Tavern restaurant on Pearl Street in lower Manhattan 1. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
United States Military Academy at West Point (1094 words)
The United States Military Academy is accredited by the Commission on Higher Education of the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools.
USMA was first accredited by Middle States in 1949 and has been reaccredited each successive decade.
Military training is combined with military science instruction to provide a solid military foundation for officership.
United States Military Academy — FactMonster.com (473 words)
The original act provided that the Corps of Engineers stationed at West Point should constitute a military academy, but the growing threat of war with England in 1812 resulted in congressional action to increase the corps and to expand the academy's facilities.
the military academy was one of the nation's major sources of civil engineers, and its graduates made excellent records in the Mexican War and especially in the Civil War.
The sources of nomination are the President of the United States; the Vice President; U.S. Senators and Representatives; and the representatives of the District of Columbia and the U.S. territories.
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