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Encyclopedia > United States Marine Corps Forces Special Operations Command
U.S. Marine Corps Forces Special Operations Command

Active February 24, 2006-
Country United States
Allegiance USMC
Type Special Forces
Size 2,500 men
Part of United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM)
Garrison/HQ Stone Bay, Camp Lejeune, NC
Commanders
Current
commander
Major General Dennis Hejlik

United States Marine Corps Forces Special Operations Command (MARSOC) is a component command of the U.S. Special Operations Command (SOCOM) that comprises the Marine Corps' contribution to SOCOM. Its core capabilities are direct action, special reconnaissance, foreign internal defense, counterterrorism, information operations, and unconventional warfare.[1] Its creation was announced on 1 November 2005 by US Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld, following a meeting between him, the USSOCOM commander General Bryan D. Brown, and the Marine Corps Commandant General Michael Hagee on 28 October 2005. MARSOC was officially activated on February 24, 2006 with ceremonies at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. Image File history File links MARSOC-Emblem2. ... February 24 is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States military responsible for providing power projection from the sea,[1] utilizing the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Emblem of the United States Special Operations Command. ... Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune is near Jacksonville, North Carolina, on the Atlantic seaboard of the United States. ... Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Dennis J. Hejlik is a Major General in the United States Marine Corps. ... Emblem of the United States Special Operations Command. ... The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States military responsible for providing power projection from the sea,[1] utilizing the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces. ... Direct action is a form of political activism which seeks immediate remedy for perceived ills, as opposed to indirect actions such as electing representatives who promise to provide remedy at some later date. ... Mixed reconnaissance patrol of the Polish Home Army and the Soviet Red Army during Operation Tempest, 1944 Reconnaissance is the military term for the active gathering of information about an enemy, or other conditions, by physical observation. ... Counter-terrorism refers to the practices, tactics, and strategies that governments, militaries, and other groups adopt in order to fight terrorism. ... Unconventional warfare (UW) is the opposite of conventional warfare. ... November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Donald Henry Rumsfeld (born July 9, 1932) is a U.S. politician and businessman, who was the 13th Secretary of Defense under President Gerald Ford from 1975–1977, and the 21st Secretary of Defense under President George W. Bush from 2001–2006. ... Gen. ... The Commandant of the United States Marine Corps is the highest ranking officer of the United States Marine Corps and a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, reporting to the Secretary of the Navy but not to the Chief of Naval Operations. ... Michael W. Hagee General Michael W. Hagee, 33rd Commandant of the Marine Corps, graduated with distinction from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1968 with a Bachelor of Science in Engineering. ... October 28 is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 64 days remaining. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... February 24 is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune is near Jacksonville, North Carolina, on the Atlantic seaboard of the United States. ...

Contents

Organization

MARSOC comprises roughly 2,500 Marines and supporting sailors, and is currently commanded by Major General Dennis Hejlik, formerly the deputy commander of I Marine Expeditionary Force. It is based at Camp Lejeune and will be split into five subordinate commands: Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Dennis J. Hejlik is a Major General in the United States Marine Corps. ... Presumably a USA force ? // Lineage Activated November 8th, 1969 at Okinawa, Japan as the I Marine Expeditionary Force Redesignated August 18th, 1970 as the I Marine Amphibious Force Relocated in April 1971 to Camp Pendleton, California Redesignated February 5th, 1988 as the I Marine Expeditionary Force Recent Service Persian Gulf... Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune is near Jacksonville, North Carolina, on the Atlantic seaboard of the United States. ...

  • The Marine Special Operations Advisor Group (MSOAG), based at Camp Lejeune, contains about 400 personnel and will train foreign military forces in a role parallel to that of Army Special Forces. (Formerly the Foreign Military Training Unit)
  • Two Marine Special Operations Battalions (MSOBs), one on each coast (one at Camp Lejeune, the other at Camp Pendleton, California). Their mission is to conduct expeditionary SOF for conduct of special reconnaissance, direct action, and foreign internal defense. Each MSOB consists of four or five Marine Special Operations Companies (MSOCs), each commanded by a major (O-4). The MSOC's are closely tied with the Marine Expeditionary Units on each coast, "separable but not separate" from the MEUs. The core personnel strength of the MSOBs was initially drafted from Force Reconnaissance Marines.
  • The Marine Special Operations Support Group (MSOSG) at Camp Lejeune, which also comprises 400 personnel, contains the Command's administrative, intelligence, and support assets.
  • The Marine Special Operations School (MSOS) at Camp Lejeune conducts screening, recruiting, training, assessment, and development functions for MARSOC.

The United States Army Special Forces—or simply Special Forces (capitalized)—is an elite Special Operations Force of the United States Army trained for unconventional warfare and special operations. ... Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton is near Oceanside, California. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... A Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) is the smallest combined forces unit in the United States Marine Corps. ...

History

The potential participation of the Marine Corps in SOCOM has been controversial since SOCOM was first formed in 1986. At the time, Marine Corps leaders felt that their Force Reconnaissance units were best kept in the Marine Corps' MAGTF command structure, and that the detachment of an "elite" Marine Special Operations unit from the Marine Corps would be to the detriment of the Marine Corps as a whole. A reevaluation following the September 11th attacks and the global war on terror, along with new policy established by Secretary Rumsfeld at the Pentagon, caused the Marine Corps to work towards integration with SOCOM. The establishment of MARSOC represents the most significant step towards this goal, and follows the establishment of MCSOCOM Detachment One (DET1), a small Marine Corps detachment formed as a pilot program to test Marine Corps integration into SOCOM and that served under Naval Special Warfare Squadron One. DET1 was disbanded in 2006. Official Name USMC Force Reconnaissance Force Recon Marines Branch United States Marine Corps Command Structure MARFORPAC; MEF I, III; MEU(SOC) 11, 13, 15, 31 MARFORLANT, MEF II; MEU(SOC) 22, 24, 26 MARFORRES, Reserves Description MEU(SOC) Deep Recon Capability, Special Operations Capability Readiness Any shore in the world... The Marine Air-Ground Task Force (MAGTF) is a term used by the United States Marine Corps to describe the principal organization for all missions across the range of military operations. ... The World Trade Center on fire The September 11, 2001 attacks were a series of coordinated terrorist attacks against the United States on September 11, 2001. ... The war on terrorism or war on terror (abbreviated in U.S. policy circles as GWOT for Global War on Terror) is an effort by the governments of the United States and its principal allies to destroy groups deemed to be terrorist (primarily radical Islamist organizations such as al-Qaeda... Look up pentagon in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... MCSOCOM Detachment One Marine Corps Detachment One, United States Special Operations Command, or MCSOCOM Detachment One (DET1), is the USMCs contribution to USSOCOM. It is an eighty-six man unit, 81 Marines and 5 Navy corpsmen, commanded by Col. ... NAVSPECWARCOM logo. ...

A Marine glides towards his target on a parasail during military freefall operations at Camp Lejeune

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2100 × 1575 pixel, file size: 438 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Marine from G Company, 2nd Marine Special Operations Battalion, glides through the sunset sky towards his target during recent military freefall operations at Camp Lejeune. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2100 × 1575 pixel, file size: 438 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Marine from G Company, 2nd Marine Special Operations Battalion, glides through the sunset sky towards his target during recent military freefall operations at Camp Lejeune. ... Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune is near Jacksonville, North Carolina, on the Atlantic seaboard of the United States. ...

Controversy

On March 4th, 2007, along a Nangarhar highway in Afghanistan, Fox platoon of the US Marine Special Operations Company, 2nd Marine Special Operations Battalion was hit by a roadside bomb and responded with gunfire, killing 19 civilians and injuring 50. In a report by the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission, Afghan civilians allege that the American forces fired indiscriminately.[2][3][4] No legal action has been taken against the Marines, but the Commander of the Second Marine Special Operations Battalion, Lieutenant Colonel Paul D. Montanus has relieved the MSOC's senior officer (a major) and enlisted (usually a Gunnery or First Sergeant) Marine.[5]. The controversy stemmed from the Afghanistan and NGO authorities calling the US's attention to the killings.The Commander of the U.S. Special Operations Forces in the Middle East and Central Asia, Maj. Gen. Francis H. Kearney III, began an Article 15-6[1] investigation in order to come to a conclusion about the specifics of the incident (numbers of injured or killed, scope of the firefights, &c).[2]. The Naval Criminal Investigative Service is currently investigating the incident, although no criminal charges have been brought, against the service members[6][7]. According to the Marines' lawyers, there is evidence of a suicide bomber and bullet holes in the Marines' vehicles, sustaining their statements that they were hit by a suicide bomber and took fire from insurgents.[8] Nangarhar is a eastern Province of Afghanistan which borders Pakistan. ... NCIS Badge The Naval Criminal Investigative Service (NCIS) is the United States Department of the Navys primary law enforcement agency and successor to the former Naval Investigative Service (NIS). ...


See also

United States Marine Corps Portal

Image File history File links USMC_logo. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...

External links

  • U.S. Marine Corps Forces Special Operations Command official website

References

  • "Elite Marine Unit to Help Fight Terrorism", by Bradley Graham, Washington Post, November 2, 2005.
  • Melton, Ken. "MARSOC activates, helps fight Global War on Terrorism", Marine Corps News, USMC, February 24, 2006.
  1. ^ .Hejlik, MajGen Dennis J.; Maj Cliff W. Gilmore, SgtMaj Matthew P. Ingram (August 2006). "Special Operations Marines and the Road Ahead". Marine Corps Gazette August 2006. 
  2. ^ a b Ann Scott Tyson (March 24 2007). Marine Unit Is Told To Leave Afghanistan. The Washington Post. Retrieved on May 9, 2007.
  3. ^ U.S. officials, Afghan elders discuss civilian deaths. Stars and Stripes Mideast edition (March 9 2007). Retrieved on May 9, 2007.
  4. ^ Lisa Burgess (May 9 2007). Army colonel offers formal apology to families of innocent Afghans fatally shot by Marines. Stars and Stripes Mideast edition. Retrieved on May 9, 2007.
  5. ^ {{citeweb |url=http://www.marsoc.usmc.mil/QandR.htm MARSOC Q&A: |title=Marine Special Operations Company ordered to redeploy from Afghanistan |publisher=United States Marine Corps Special Operations Command |accessmonthday=May 9 |accessyear=2007
  6. ^ MARSOC USMC Q&A on their web site.
  7. ^ [http://www.marinecorpstimes.com/news/2007/05/marine_marsoc_070505/ "Lawyers: Evidence backs MarSOC’s claims." By C. Mark Brinkley and Trista Talton - Staff writers at Marine Corps Times (not associated with the US Marines Corps. Posted : Tuesday May 8, 2007 14:29:35 EDT.
  8. ^ [http://www.examiner.com/a-744305~Marines_who_killed_civilians_were_attacked.html "Marines who killed civilians were attacked." May 23, 2007. By Rowan Scarborough, The Examiner.

 
 

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