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Encyclopedia > United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Interior of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Interior of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Exterior of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum viewed from Raoul Wallenberg Place (15th St. SW.)
Exterior of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum viewed from Raoul Wallenberg Place (15th St. SW.)

The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum is a national institution situated in a prominent location adjacent to The National Mall in Washington, DC (in between 14th and 15th streets SW); however, it is not a constituent institution of the Smithsonian Institution. The museum is dedicated to documenting, studying, and interpreting the history of the Holocaust. It also serves as the United States' official memorial to the millions of European Jews and others killed during the Holocaust under directives of Nazi Germany. While the United States government provided some funding for both the building and continued operations of the museum, a majority of the funding comes from private sources, Jewish movie director Steven Spielberg being amongst the most notable donors. The street that the museum is located on is named Raoul Wallenberg Place, after the Swedish diplomat who is believed to have saved 100,000 Jews in Hungary during the Second World War. The museum building sits on land that previously belonged to the United States Department of Agriculture. Two of the three annex buildings that sat on this property were demolished to build a museum whose design would be wholly about the Holocaust. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 601 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 601 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1200x858, 135 KB) Picture of the en:United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Taken by Raul654 on June 23, 2004 and first uploaded to en-Wikipedia en:Image:Holocaust_memorial. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1200x858, 135 KB) Picture of the en:United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Taken by Raul654 on June 23, 2004 and first uploaded to en-Wikipedia en:Image:Holocaust_memorial. ... Facing west across the Mall, with ones back towards the United States Capitol. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... The Smithsonian castle, as seen through the garden gate. ... For other uses, see Holocaust (disambiguation) and Shoah (disambiguation). ... Ashkenazi Jews, also known as Ashkenazic Jews or Ashkenazim (אַשְׁכֲּנָזִי אַשְׁכֲּנָזִים Standard Hebrew, AÅ¡kanazi, AÅ¡kanazim, Tiberian Hebrew, ʾAÅ¡kănāzî, ʾAÅ¡kănāzîm, pronounced sing. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ... Steven Allan Spielberg KBE (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director and producer. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... The United States Department of Agriculture (also called the Agriculture Department, or USDA) is a United States Federal Executive Department (or Cabinet Department). ...


The US Congress authorized the creation of the museum in 1980, based on the 1979 report of the President's Commission on the Holocaust, established by Jimmy Carter. The museum was charged with maintaining a Committee on Conscience, to monitor and issue an "'institutional scream' to alert the conscience of the world and spark public outcry" at the earliest signs of genocidal intent. The Congress of the United States is the legislative branch of the federal government of the United States of America. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ...


The building was designed by James Ingo Freed, of Pei Cobb Freed & Partners. Though the building on the outside is rather monumental with clean lines, in keeping with the large governmental buildings in the immediate context, the interior was meant to provoke more intimate and visceral responses. James Ingo Freed (June 23, 1930-December 15, 2005) was an American architect of German Jewish heritage. ... Pei Cobb Freed & Partners is an architectural firm that was founded in 1955 bei I.M. Pei as , in 1966 called , and received its current name and organization in 1989. ...


The facilities house a number of exhibitions, artworks, publications, and artifacts relating to the Holocaust. The museum collects and preserves material evidence, distributes educational materials, and produces public programming. The Holocaust Museum also holds annual Holocaust commemorations and remembrances. A cultural artifact is an man-made object which gives information about the culture of its creator and users. ...

Contents

The Permanent Exhibition

The Permanent Exhibition at the museum is a chronological history of the Holocaust. It begins in 1933 with Adolf Hitler's rise to power, and ends with the liberation of the Camps, and the opening of Israel. The exhibition is broken up into three floors covering different years. The fourth floor (the beginning of the exhibition) covers the years 1933 to 1939 focusing on the exclusion of Jews from society and the buildup to the Second World War ending with the invasion of Poland by Germany. The third floor covers the years 1940 to 1945 focusing on the Concentration Camps, Killing Centers, and Ghettos. The second floor focuses on resistance, rescue, and liberation, and the post-war years. At the end of the exhibition there is a testimony film of Holocaust survivors that runs continuously. 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Hitler redirects here. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... A concentration camp is a large detention centre created for political opponents, aliens, specific ethnic or religious groups, civilians of a critical war-zone, or other groups of people, often during a war. ... During World War II ghettos were established by the Nazis to confine Jews and sometimes Gypsies into tightly packed areas of the cities of Eastern Europe. ... For other uses, see Holocaust (disambiguation) and Shoah (disambiguation). ...


To enter the Permanent Exhibition, visitors must acquire a free timed pass. The passes are available from the museum on the day of your visit or online for a service fee.


Criticism of the Museum

The museum is criticized for ignoring, and thereby whitewashing Muslim anti-semitism and Arab complicity in the Holocaust, including the role of the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, Haj Amin el-Husseini, who conspired with Hitler to kill Jews in British Palestine.


Further, the museum is criticized for refusing to acknowledge or substantively address its problem in this regard. For example, a spokesman for the museum, Arthur Berger, responded to the fact that there is nothing in its permanent museum exhibits on these issues by referring to its website, which does now include some material. [1] Although incitement to destroy the one Jewish state of Israel has been prominent in the Arab Middle East for decades, the museum has not agreed to any requests to hold events addressing the subject.


Rep. Eliot Engel (D-NY) stated "there is anti-Semitism emanating from parts of the Muslim world, and this is not a problem which should escape the concern of the Holocaust Museum. I think it is time that the museum consider intensifying its focus on this continuing concern." Stated Shmuel Herzfeld, rabbi of the National Synagogue, "it's unbelievable, they won't talk about Egypt, about Syria, about Saudi Arabia - it's like the big elephant in the room. The museum's leaders are the last ones in the world to admit that there's such a thing as Arab anti-Semitism." [2]


The Committee on Conscience

Additionally, the museum houses the offices of the Committee on Conscience[3], a joint governmentally and privately funded think tank, which by Presidential mandate engages in genocide research in all areas of the world. Recently, it has established itself as a leading non-partisan commenter on the Darfur Genocide in the nation of Sudan, as well as on the war-torn region of Chechnya in Russia, a zone which the Committee believes has the capacity to produce genocidal atrocities. However, the committee does not have policy-making powers, and serves solely as an advisorial institution to the United States government and those of other nations who seek its services. This article is about the institution. ... Genocide is the mass killing of a group of people as defined by Article 2 of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (CPPCG) as any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial or... The Darfur conflict is an ongoing conflict in the Darfur region of western Sudan, mainly between the Janjaweed, a government-supported militia recruited from local Arab tribes, and the non-Arab peoples of the region. ... The Chechen Republic (IPA: ; Russian: , Chechenskaya Respublika; Chechen: , Noxçiyn Respublika), or, informally, Chechnya (; Russian: ; Chechen: , Noxçiyçö), sometimes referred to as Ichkeria, Chechnia, Chechenia or Noxçiyn, is a federal subject of Russia. ...


The Genocide Prevention Mapping Initiative

The dedication plaque outside the museum.
The dedication plaque outside the museum.

The Genocide Prevention Mapping Initiative seeks to collect, share and visually present to the world critical information on emerging crises that may lead to genocide or related crimes against humanity.[1] Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ...


The first mapping initiative - undertaken jointly with Google Earth - focused on the Darfur Conflict. [2] Beginning with Darfur, the museum wants to build an interactive “global crisis map" - a new tool to share and understand information quickly, to "see the situation", enabling more effective prevention and response.[3] Google Earth is a virtual globe program that was originally called Earth Viewer and was created by Keyhole, Inc. ... Combatants factions of the SLA Justice & Equality Movement Janjaweed  Sudan Minnawi-faction of the SLA Commanders SLA: SalaBob and Sulaiman Gamos JEM: Ibrahim Khalil Janjaweed: ? Sudan: Omar al-Bashir SLA: Minni Minnawi Casualties 300,000 civilians killed (est. ... Darfur (Arabic: , lit. ...


See also

A panoramic view of the Hall of Remembrance
  • The museum also includes "Daniel's Story," a walk through of the fictional trials and tribulations that Daniel had gone through. Although the story was fictional, facts from other Holocaust survivor stories were included. This area was meant to be visited by the children. It is suggested that children under 11 do not visit the permanent exhibition.
  • On the first floor of the museum, a model of what the ghettos may have looked like are present. The presented ghetto model is life size. The following link is an image of the interior of the museum [4]

Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (832x216, 35 KB) A panoramic view of the Hall of Remembrance at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (832x216, 35 KB) A panoramic view of the Hall of Remembrance at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ...

External links

http://www.hmwatch.org, the website of Holocaust Museum Watch


References


  Results from FactBites:
 
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum and Google Earth (0 words)
The Museum has assembled content—photographs, data, and eyewitness testimony—from a number of sources that are brought together for the first time in Google Earth.
In 2004 the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum declared a genocide emergency for Darfur, Sudan.
The Holocaust took place across the entire European continent, and for all of Europe's Jews, as well as other victims of Nazism, geography played a major role in determining their fate.
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (630 words)
The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum is a national institution situated in a prominent location adjacent to The National Mall in Washington, DC (in between 14th and 15th streets SW); however, it is not a constituent institution of the Smithsonian Institution.
The museum is dedicated to documenting, studying, and interpreting the history of the Holocaust.
The museum was chartered by a unanimous act of the U.S. Congress in 1980.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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