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Encyclopedia > United States Geological Survey

InsertSLUTTY WHORES≤ non-formatted text here{| class="toccolours" border="1" cellpadding="4" style="float: right; margin: 0 0 1em 1em; width: 20em; border-collapse: collapse; font-size: 95%; clear: right;" |+ United States Geological Survey |- |style= align="center" colspan="2"| [[Image:USGS logo.svg|150px|Official identifier of the United States Geological Survey]] [[Image:Usgs-headquarters.jpeg|150px|The USGS headquarters in [[Reston]], [[VA]]]] |-|Established:||March 3, 1879 |- |Director:|| Mark Myers |- |Budget:||$9546847+ 612 354sldkflsm,vlkszOGksLKGvoSFB 71 Billion (FY2006) |- |Employees:|| 10,000 (2004) |} March 3 is the 62nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (63rd in leap years). ... 1879 (MDCCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Mark Myers is an American geologist. ...


The United States Geological Survey (USGS) is a scientific agency of the United States government. The scientists of the USGS study the landscape of the United States, its natural resources, and the natural hazards that threaten it. The organization has four major science disciplines, concerning biology, geography, geology, and hydrology. The USGS is a fact-finding research organization with no regulatory responsibility. The government of the United States, established by the United States Constitution, is a federal republic of 50 states, a few territories and some protectorates. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Water covers 70% of the Earths surface. ...


A bureau of the United States Department of the Interior, it is that department's sole scientific agency. The USGS employs approximately 10,000 people and is headquartered in Reston, Virginia, with major offices in Denver, Colorado, and Menlo Park, California. The United States Department of the Interior (DOI) is a Cabinet department of the United States government that manages and conserves most federally owned land. ... Lake Anne Plaza in Reston Reston is a planned community and an unincorporated census-designated place located in western Fairfax County, Virginia in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area. ... Official language(s) English Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Area  Ranked 35th  - Total 42,793 sq mi (110,862 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 7. ... : The Mile-High City United States Colorado Denver (coextensive) 154. ... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... Menlo Park is a city in San Mateo County, California in the United States of America. ... Official language(s) English Capital  Sacramento Largest city  Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ...

Contents

History

John Wesley Powell, second Director of the USGS.
John Wesley Powell, second Director of the USGS.

Prompted by a report from the National Academy of Sciences the USGS was created by an act of Congress on March 3, 1879. It was charged with the "classification of the public lands, and examination of the geological structure, mineral resources, and products of the national domain." This task was driven by the need to inventory the vast lands added to the United States by the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (504x700, 217 KB) John Wesley Powell, second Director of the USGS. Served from 1881-1894. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (504x700, 217 KB) John Wesley Powell, second Director of the USGS. Served from 1881-1894. ... John Wesley Powell, second Director of the USGS. Served from 1881-1894. ... President Harding and the National Academy of Sciences at the White House, Washington, DC, April 1921 The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is a corporation in the United States whose members serve pro bono as advisers to the nation on science, engineering, and medicine. ... Type Bicameralism Houses Senate House of Representatives United States Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, D, since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, D, since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups (as of November 7, 2006 elections) Democratic Party Republican... March 3 is the 62nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (63rd in leap years). ... 1879 (MDCCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Louisiana Purchase. ...


Clarence King, the first director of USGS, assembled the new organization from disparate regional survey agencies. After a short tenure, King was succeeded in the director's chair by John Wesley Powell. Categories: Stub | 1842 births | 1901 deaths | Climbers | Geologists | Sierra Nevada ... John Wesley Powell, second Director of the USGS. Served from 1881-1894. ...


The complete list of Directors:

  • 1879–1881 Clarence King
  • 1881–1894 John Wesley Powell
  • 1894–1907 Charles Doolittle Walcott
  • 1907–1930 George Otis Smith
  • 1930–1943 Walter Curran Mendenhall
  • 1943–1956 William Embry Wrather
  • 1956–1965 Thomas Brennan Nolan
  • 1965–1971 William Thomas Pecora
  • 1971–1978 Vincent Ellis McKelvey
  • 1978–1981 Henry William Menard
  • 1981–1993 Dallas Lynn Peck
  • 1994–1997 Gordon P. Eaton
  • 1998–2005 Charles G. Groat
  • 2006-present Mark Myers

Categories: Stub | 1842 births | 1901 deaths | Climbers | Geologists | Sierra Nevada ... John Wesley Powell, second Director of the USGS. Served from 1881-1894. ... Charles Doolittle Walcott (March 31, 1850 - February 9, 1927) was an eminent American invertebrate paleontologist. ... Mark Myers is an American geologist. ...

Mission

Official USGS seal
USGS gauging station 03221000 on the Scioto River below O'Shaughnessy Dam near Dublin, Ohio
USGS gauging station 03221000 on the Scioto River below O'Shaughnessy Dam near Dublin, Ohio

The USGS is the primary civilian mapping agency in the United States, and is best known for its 1:24,000 scale, 7.5-minute quadrangle topographic maps. Their recent program, the National Map, is an attempt to be the ultimate online mapping service for the United States. The USGS also has a vigorous Business Partners program through which they encourage the reselling of their maps so that the public can have quicker, easier access to information. Many commercial sites have capitalized on this program to provide web mapping services in conjunction with the USGS. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1704 × 2272 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1704 × 2272 pixel, file size: 1. ... Perspective view looking upstream of Scioto River valley near Portsmouth, Ohio. ... // The OShaughnessy Dam is located on the Scioto River near Dublin, Ohio, USA. The dam forms OShaughnessy Reservoir, which is a major source of drinking water for the city of Columbus. ... Motto: Where yesterday meets tomorrow Location of Dublin within Ohio. ... Example of a topographic map with contour lines Part of the same map in a perspective shaded relief view illustrates how the contour lines of the original follow the terrain Topographic maps are a variety of map characterized by large-scale detail and quantitative representation of relief, usually using contour...


The USGS Earthquake Hazards Program monitors earthquake activity worldwide. The National Earthquake Information Center (NEIC) in Golden, Colorado on the campus of the Colorado School of Mines detects the location and magnitude of global earthquakes. The USGS also runs or supports several regional monitoring networks in the U.S. under the umbrella of the Advanced National Seismic System (ANSS). The USGS informs authorities, emergency responders, the media, and the public, both domestic and worldwide, about significant earthquakes. It also maintains long-term archives of earthquake data for scientific and engineering research. It also conducts and supports research on long-term seismic hazards. An earthquake is the result from the sudden release of stored energy in the Earths crust that creates seismic waves. ... The National Earthquake Information Center (abbreviated NEIC) is part of the United States Geological Survey (USGS) located on the campus of the Colorado School of Mines in Golden, Colorado. ... Downtown Golden, Colorado Golden, Colorado lies at the mouth of Clear Creek at the edge of the foothills of the Front Range. ... The Colorado School of Mines is a public research university devoted to engineering and applied science located in the town of Golden, Colorado. ... If you want to build a house and need to know where the best (or the worst) place to locate for earthquake shaking, then you need to dig up the regional seismic hazard maps. ...


The USGS National Geomagnetism Program monitors the magnetic field at magnetic observatories and distributes magnetometer data in real time. The National Geomagnetism Program is a program directed by the USGS that monitors the magnetic field of the Earth. ... For other senses of this term, see magnetic field (disambiguation). ... A magnetometer is a scientific instrument used to measure the strength and/or direction of the magnetic field in the vicinity of the instrument. ...


Since 1962, it has been involved in global, lunar and planetary exploration and mapping. 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ... Apparent magnitude: up to -12. ... The eight planets and three dwarf planets of the Solar System. ... A map is a simplified depiction of a space which highlights relations between components (objects, regions) of that space. ...


The USGS also operates the National Wildlife Health Center, whose mission is "to serve the nation and its natural resources by providing sound science and technical support, and to disseminate information to promote science-based decisions affecting wildlife and ecosystem health. The NWHC provides information, technical assistance, research, education, and leadership on national and international wildlife health issues." [1] It is the agency primarily responsible for surveillance of wild-animal H5N1 avian flu outbreaks in the United States. Influenza A virus subtype H5N1, also known as A(H5N1) or simply H5N1, is a subtype of the Influenza A virus which can cause illness in humans and many other animal species. ... For the current concern about the transmission of an avian flu to humans see Transmission and infection of H5N1. ...


As of 2005, the agency is working to create a National Volcano Early Warning System by improving the instrumentation monitoring the 169 volcanoes in U.S. territory and by establishing methods for measuring the relative threats posed at each site. 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Volcano (disambiguation). ...


The motto of the USGS is "Science for a changing world."


The USGS also runs 17 biological research centers in the United States, including the Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. The entrance to the center The Patuxent Wildlife Research Center is a biological research center in Maryland. ...


Publishing review, scientific integrity, and questions of censorship

In December 2006, it was announced that the rules for the publication of USGS research were being revised. Employees were informed that USGS leadership and communications staff should be notified "of findings or data that may be especially newsworthy, have an impact on government policy, or contradict previous public understanding to ensure that proper officials are notified and that communication strategies are developed."


The revision was claimed not to change existing rules, but rather to emphasize the importance of maintaining the scientific integrity of the agency's work by requiring scientists to accept comments from the public, and follow administration policies. However, scientists have questioned whether this revision is likely to facilitate censorship of their work, as has been reported recently in many Federal agencies.


Under this policy, USGS information is given to the public after it has been approved by the administration. USGS leadership and communications staff are kept informed of relevant scientific findings so they can manage the flow of information to decision-makers, who use this information to make resource-management choices.


These principles and practices are said to bolster the USGS’s scientific objectivity and reputation through extra layers of management by the administration.


See also

External links

USGS sites

Non-USGS related sites

  • The Libre Map Project offers free, high-quality USGS DRG maps in TIFF format along with world files for use with your GIS software
  • TerraServer-USA and TopoZone host USGS topographic maps (and aerial photos on TerraServer-USA); Maptech hosts historical USGS topos in the northeast U.S.

tgv TerraServer-USA web site TerraServer-USA is a free online repository[1] of public domain aerial imagery and satellite imagery, formerly known as Microsoft TerraServer. ... The United States Department of the Interior (DOI) is a Cabinet department of the United States government that manages and conserves most federally owned land. ... Seal of the United States Department of the Interior. ... US BLM logo The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) is an agency within the United States Department of the Interior which administers Americas public lands, totaling approximately 261 million surface acres (1,056,229. ... The Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) is an agency of the federal government of the United States within the Department of the Interior charged with the administration and management of 55. ... The Office of Surface Mining (OSM) is a branch of the United States Department of the Interior. ... The United States Bureau of Reclamation (Formerly the United States Reclamation Service) is a division of the U.S. Department of the Interior which oversees water development projects in the western United States. ... The USFWS logo The United States Fish and Wildlife Service is a unit of the United States Department of the Interior that is dedicated to managing and preserving wildlife. ... The purpose of the Minerals Management Service (MMS), as part of the U.S. Department of the Interior, is to manage the mineral resources on the nations Outer Continental Shelf in an environmentally sound and safe manner, and to collect, verify, and distribute, in a timely fashion, mineral revenues... The National Park Service (NPS) is the United States federal agency that manages all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. ... The Office of Insular Affairs is a unit of the United States Department of the Interior that manages several United States possessions. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
United States Geological Survey - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (648 words)
The United States Geological Survey (USGS) is a scientific agency of the United States government.
The scientists of the USGS study the landscape of the United States, its natural resources, and the natural hazards that threaten it.
A bureau of the United States Department of the Interior, it is that department's sole scientific agency.
Maps of the United States - Online Brochure (1240 words)
State capitals and major cities, roads and railroads, rivers and lakes, and national parks and monuments.
It was produced in 1784 and was the first map of the United States produced by an American cartographer.
Historical maps of the United States can be found in collections of the Library of Congress and of the National Archives.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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