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Encyclopedia > United States Federal Executive Departments

The United States Federal Executive Departments are among the oldest primary units of the executive branch of the federal government of the United States—the Departments of State, War, and the Treasury all being established within a few weeks of each other in 1789. The executive is the branch of a government charged with implementing, or executing, the law and running the day-to-day affairs of the government or state. ... This article describes the government of the United States. ... Department of State redirects here. ... Line drawing of the Department of Wars seal. ... The U.S. Treasury building today. ... Year 1789 (MDCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ...


The heads of the federal executive departments are the members of the traditional Cabinet; since 1792, they have, by statutory specification, constituted a line of succession, after the Speaker of the House and the President pro tempore of the Senate, to the presidency in the event of a vacancy in both that office and the vice presidency. The Constitution refers to these officials when it authorizes the President, in Article II, section 2, to "require the Opinion, in writing, of the principal Officer in each of the executive Departments, upon any Subject relating to the Duties of their respective Offices." In brief, they and their organizations are the administrative arms of the President. The Cabinet meets in the Cabinet Room on May 16, 2001. ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The presidential line of succession defines who may become or act as President of the United States upon the incapacity, death, resignation, or removal from office (by impeachment and subsequent conviction) of a sitting president or a president-elect. ... The Speaker of the United States House of Representatives is the presiding officer—or speaker—of the United States House of Representatives. ... Robert C. Byrd of West Virginia the current President pro tempore of the United States Senate. ... For the pop band, see Presidents of the United States of America. ... Dick Cheney 46th and current Vice President (2001- ) The Vice President of the United States is the second-highest executive official of the United States government, the person who is a heartbeat from the presidency. ... For the pop band, see Presidents of the United States of America. ... For the pop band, see Presidents of the United States of America. ...


List of Executive Departments

All departments are listed by their present-day name and only departments with past or present cabinet-level status are listed. Order of succession applies only to within the cabinet; the Vice President has always been first in the line of succession, and the Speaker of the House and the President pro tem of the Senate have at times been included

Department Creation Order of
succession
Modifications since creation 2007 Budget Employees (2007)
State 1789 1 Initially named "Department of Foreign Affairs" $9.96 Billion 30,266
Treasury 1789 2 $11.10 Billion 115,897
Defense 1947 3 Initially named "National Military Establishment" $375.20 Billion 3,000,000
Justice 1870 4 Position of Attorney General created in 1789, but had no department until 1870 $23.40 Billion 112,557
Interior 1849 5 $10.70 Billion 71,436
Agriculture 1889 6 $77.60 Billion 109,832
Commerce 1903 7 Originally named Commerce and Labor; Labor later separated $6.20 Billion 36,000
Labor 1913 8 $59.70 Billion 17,347
Health and Human Services 1953 9 Originally named Health, Education, and Welfare; Education later separated $543.20 Billion 67,000
Housing and Urban Development 1965 10 $46.20 Billion 10,600
Transportation 1966 11 $58.00 Billion 58,622
Energy 1977 12 $21.50 Billion 116,100
Education 1979 13 $62.80 Billion 4,487
Veterans Affairs 1989 14 $73.20 Billion 235,000
Homeland Security 2003 15 $44.6 Billion 208,000
Total budget (Fiscal Year 2007): $1,459.32 Billion 4,193,144

Department of State redirects here. ... The U.S. Treasury building today. ... Department of Defense redirects here. ... The Robert F. Kennedy Department of Justice Building in Washington, D.C. “Justice Department” redirects here. ... Seal of the United States Department of Justice The United States Attorney General is the head of the United States Department of Justice (see 28 U.S.C. Â§ 503) concerned with legal affairs and is the chief law enforcement officer of the United States government. ... The United States Department of the Interior (DOI) is a Cabinet department of the United States government that manages and conserves most federally-owned land. ... The United States Department of Commerce is a Cabinet department of the United States government concerned with promoting economic growth. ... The United States Department of Health and Human Services, often abbreviated HHS, is a Cabinet department of the United States government with the goal of protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services. ... The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, often abbreviated HUD, is a Cabinet department of the United States government. ... The United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is a government-run military veteran benefit system with Cabinet-level status. ... DHS redirects here. ...

Table of past departments

Department Dates of Operation Notes
War 1789-1947 Subsumed by Department of Defense, renamed Department of the Army
Post Office 1789-1971 Reorganized as quasi-independent agency, United States Postal Service
Navy 1798-1947 Subsumed by Department of Defense
It has been proposed that the Secretary of Homeland Security assume the position in the order of succession once held by the Secretary of the Navy.
Commerce and Labor 1903-1913 Divided between Department of Commerce and Department of Labor
Health, Education, and Welfare 1953-1979 Divided between Department of Health and Human Services and Department of Education

Line drawing of the Department of Wars seal. ... Year 1789 (MDCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Department of Defense redirects here. ... Seal The Department of the Army is one of the three military departments in the United States Department of Defense. ... The Post Office Department was the former name of the United States Postal Service when it was a Cabinet department. ... Year 1789 (MDCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar, known as the year of cyclohexanol. ... USPS and Usps redirect here. ... Seal The United States Department of the Navy was established by an Act of Congress on April 30, 1798, to provide administrative and technical support, and civilian leadership to the United States Navy and Marine Corps. ... Year 1798 (MDCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Secretary of Homeland Security is the head of the United States Department of Homeland Security, the body concerned with protecting the American homeland and the safety of American citizens. ... Flag of the United States Secretary of the Navy. ... The United States Department of Commerce is a Cabinet department of the United States government concerned with promoting economic growth. ... Year 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The United States Department of Commerce is a Cabinet department of the United States government concerned with promoting economic growth. ... The United States Department of Labor is a Cabinet department of the United States government responsible for occupational safety, wage and hour standards, unemployment insurance benefits, re-employment services, and some economic statistics. ... Bold text Seal of the United States Department of Health, Education and Welfare The United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (also known as HEW) was a cabinet-level department of the United States government from 1953 until 1979. ... January 7 - President Harry S. Truman announces the United States has developed a hydrogen bomb. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... The United States Department of Health and Human Services, often abbreviated HHS, is a Cabinet department of the United States government with the goal of protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services. ... The Lyndon Baines Johnson Department of Education Building[1]) , ED headquarters in Washington, DC A construction project to repair and update the building facade at the Department of Education Headquarters building in 2002 resulted in the installation of structures at all of the entrances to protect employees and visitors from...

Sources

  • Relyea, Harold C. "Homeland Security: Department Organization and Management", Report for Congress, 2002. RL31493 (August 7, 2002). (PDF)

 
 

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