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Encyclopedia > United States European Command
United States European Command

Seal of United States European Command Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Established: 1 August 1952
Combatant Commander: General Bantz J. Craddock, USA
Deputy Commander: General William E. Ward, USA
Component of: United States Department of Defense
Subordinate Commands: United States Army European

United States Naval Forces Europe
United States Marine Forces Europe
United States Air Forces in Europe
United States Special Operations Command Europe August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Combatant commander is the current (2005) title of a major military leader of United States armed forces, either of a large geographical region or of a particular military function, formerly known as a commander-in-chief. ... General Bantz J. Craddock General Bantz John Craddock assumed command of the United States Southern Command on November 9, 2004. ... General William E. “Kip” Ward General William E. “Kip” Ward was commissioned into the infantry in 1971. ... The United States Department of Defense (DOD or DoD) is the federal department charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government relating directly to national security and the military. ... The Seventh United States Army, also known as USAREUR, is the main American force in Europe. ... United States Naval Forces Europe is the United States Navy component of the United States European Command. ... The 2nd Marine Expeditionary Force (II MEF), one of three MEFs in the Marine Corps, is a combined arms force consisting of ground, air, and logistics forces possessing the capability of projecting offensive combat power ashore while sustaining itself in combat without external assistance for a period of 60... Emblem of the U.S. Air Forces in Europe. ...

The U.S. European Command (EUCOM) is a Unified Combatant Command of the United States military, headquartered in Stuttgart, Germany. Its area of responsibility covers 21 million square miles and 92 countries and territories, including Europe, Turkey, Greenland, the former Soviet Union, except the five central Asian republics (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan) and Africa except for Egypt, Kenya, Sudan, Djibouti, Somalia, Eritrea and Ethiopia. A Unified Combatant Command is composed of forces from two or more services, has a broad and continuing mission, and is organized either on a geographical basis (known as Area Of Responsibility, AOR) or on a functional basis. ... The armed forces of the United States of America consist of the United States Army United States Navy United States Air Force United States Marine Corps United States Coast Guard Note: The United States Coast Guard has both military and law enforcement functions. ... City Center seen from Weinsteige Road Stuttgart Palace Square - New Palace Solitude Palace The 1956 TV Tower U.S. Army Kelley Barracks Stuttgart [], located in southern Germany, is the capital of the state of Baden-Württemberg with a population of 591,528 (as of April 2006) in the city... World map showing the location of Europe. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ...


It was thus the lead command for potential operations during the Cold War, and also during the Kosovo War. It also controlled the forces flying from Incirlik Air Base during the Gulf War and Operation Northern Watch. Its commander is dual-hatted and also assumes the role of Supreme Allied Commander, Europe (SACEUR) in the NATO hierarchy. For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... The term Kosovo War or Kosovo Conflict is often used to describe two sequential and at times parallel armed conflicts (a civil war followed by an international war) in the southern Serbian province called Kosovo (officially Kosovo and Metohia), part of the former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. ... The İncirlik Air Base, an important regional storage center in NATOs Southern Region is located in İncirlik, 12 km east of Adana, Turkeys fourth largest city, and 56 km from the Mediterranean Sea (, ). Its ICAO airport code is LTAG. The airbase has a United States Air Force (USAF... Combatants US-led Coalition Republic of Iraq Commanders Norman Schwarzkopf, Peter de la Billière, Khalid bin Sultan Saddam Hussein Strength 883,863 360,000 Casualties 378 dead, 1,000 wounded see section below The Gulf War or the Persian Gulf War (16 January 1991–28 February 1991)[1][2... Operation Northern Watch, the successor to Operation Provide Comfort, was a US European Command Combined Task Force (CTF) charged with enforcing the United Nations mandated no-fly zone above the 36th parallel in Iraq. ... NATO military is divided into two commands, Atlantic and Europe. ... NATO 2002 Summit in Prague. ...


It was confirmed in December 2006 that a new United States African Command will likely be established, which will almost certainly take over parts of EUCOM's Area of Responsibility.
The United States African Command is a proposed Unified Combatant Command of the United States military, to have an area of responsibility covering Africa, whose upcoming formation was reported in December 2006 by the Stars and Stripes. ...


Composition

EUCOM Area Of Responsibility

The main combat power of EUCOM is formed around the US Seventh Army, US Sixth Fleet and Sixteenth Air Force. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 769 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 769 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Seventh United States Army, also known as USAREUR, is the main American force in Europe. ... The Sixth Fleet is a US Navy operational unit, headquartered on the command ship La Salle (AGF-3) with its homeport in Gaeta, Italy and operating in the Mediterranean Sea. ... Sixteenth Air Force is the Warfighting Headquarters for United States Air Forces in Europe (USAFE) . It is headquartered at Ramstein AB, Germany. ...


The Seventh Army is based in Germany. It controls one corps of two divisions, although for almost all of the Cold War it had two corps and four divisions under its command.


The Sixth Fleet patrols the Mediterranean and thus covered NATO's southern flank and now provides protection to shipping from possible terrorist attack whilst passing through the Straits of Gibraltar and the Suez Canal. The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... The Strait of Gibraltar as seen from space. ... Suez Canal, seen from Earth orbit, NASA. Ships moored at El Ballah during transit The Suez Canal (Arabic: , transliteration: ), is a large artificial canal in Egypt west of the Sinai Peninsula. ...


The HQ Air Command Europe, the Wing-support command, and the Sixteenth Air Force, USAFE's Warfighting Headquarters, both based at Ramstein Air Base in Germany form U.S. Air Forces Europe (USAFE). They are now much reduced from their Cold War high strengths and provide a pool of airpower closer to many trouble spots than aircraft flying from the United States. Also in Italy is the 173d Airborne Brigade, reformed in the mid-1990s, that took part in the 2003 invasion of Iraq by parachuting into the north of the country to assist Kurdish rebels in the region. HQ Air Command Europe was created to replace the Third Air Force and Sixteenth Air Force Numbered Air Force roles as headquarters for USAFE wings upon inactivation of Third Air Force and Sixteenth Air Force taking up its new role as the Warfighting Headquarters for USAFE. All USAFE wings were... Sixteenth Air Force is the Warfighting Headquarters for United States Air Forces in Europe (USAFE) . It is headquartered at Ramstein AB, Germany. ... Boeing C-17A Lot XII Globemaster III Serial 00-0172 Spirit of the Cascades at the Ramstein cargo terminal. ... Categories: Stub | Commands of the U.S. Air Force ... The United States 173d Airborne Brigade serves in Vicenza, Italy. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... Combatants Invading Forces: United States United Kingdom Australia Poland Denmark Occupation forces. ... Kurds are one of the Iranian peoples and speak Kurdish, a north-Western Iranian language related to Persian. ...


The Command's Special Operations component, SOCEUR (Special Operations Command, Europe) has its headquarters at Patch Barracks in Stuttgart-Vaihingen, Germany. Patch Barracks is a well-known US military installation in Stuttgart-Vaihingen in Germany. ...


HQ US EUCOM is also headquartered at Patch Barracks in Stuttgart-Vaihingen, Germany. City Center seen from Weinsteige Road Stuttgart Palace Square - New Palace Solitude Palace The 1956 TV Tower U.S. Army Kelley Barracks Stuttgart [], located in southern Germany, is the capital of the state of Baden-Württemberg with a population of 591,528 (as of April 2006) in the city...


Commanders

Name Branch Term began Term ended
1. General Matthew Ridgway U.S. Army May 30, 1952 July 11, 1953
2. General Alfred Gruenther U.S. Army July 1, 1953 November 20, 1956
3. General Lauris Norstad U.S. Air Force November 20, 1956 January 1, 1963
4. General Lyman Lemnitzer U.S. Army January 1, 1963 July 1, 1969
5. General Andrew Goodpaster U.S. Army July 1, 1969 December 15, 1974
6. General Alexander Haig U.S. Army December 15, 1974 July 1, 1979
7. General Bernard W. Rogers U.S. Army July 1, 1979 June 26, 1987
8. General John Galvin U.S. Army June 26, 1987 June 23, 1992
9. General John Shalikashvili U.S. Army June 23, 1992 October 22, 1993
10. General George Joulwan U.S. Army October 22, 1993 July 11, 1997
11. General Wesley Clark U.S. Army July 11, 1997 May 3, 2000
12. General Joseph Ralston U.S. Air Force May 3, 2000 January 17, 2003
13. General James L. Jones U.S. Marine Corps January 17, 2003 December 4, 2006
14. General Bantz J. Craddock U.S. Army December 4, 2006 Current

Previously, this position held the title "Commander in Chief, United States European Command". However, following an order dated 24 October 2002 by Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld, all CINCs in the United States military were retitled as "Commanders". Matthew Bunker Ridgway (March 3, 1895–July 26, 1993) was a United States Army general. ... May 30 is the 150th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (151st in leap years). ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... July 11 is the 192nd day (193rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 173 days remaining. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Alfred Gruenther (1899-1983), born in Platte Center, Nebraska. ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... November 20 is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lauris Norstad (1907 - 1988) GENERAL LAURIS NORSTAD Retired Dec. ... November 20 is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... Lyman Lemnitzer Lyman Louis Lemnitzer (August 29, 1899 – November 12, 1988) was an American general. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... For the Stargate SG-1 episode, see 1969 (Stargate SG-1). ... Andrew Jackson Goodpaster (12 February 1915 - 17 May 2005) was a notable American general. ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... For the Stargate SG-1 episode, see 1969 (Stargate SG-1). ... December 15 is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... For other persons named Alexander Haig, see Alexander Haig (disambiguation). ... December 15 is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... For the song by the Smashing Pumpkins, see 1979 (song). ... Bernard Rodgers is a retired American general who served as NATOs Supreme Allied Commander, Europe and Commander in Chief, United States European Command from July 1, 1979 to June 26, 1987. ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... For the song by the Smashing Pumpkins, see 1979 (song). ... June 26 is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 188 days remaining. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... John Rogers Galvin (born 13 May 1929) is a retired American general who was Dean of the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University and a member of the U.S. Commission on National Security/21st Century. ... June 26 is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 188 days remaining. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 23 is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 191 days remaining. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... John Malchase David Shalikashvili (born 27 June 1936) is a retired American general who served as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff from 1993 to 1997. ... June 23 is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 191 days remaining. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... October 22 is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 70 days remaining. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... George Joulwan (born 19XX) was a U.S. general. ... October 22 is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 70 days remaining. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... July 11 is the 192nd day (193rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 173 days remaining. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Wesley Kanne Clark (born December 23, 1944) is a retired four-star general of the United States Army. ... July 11 is the 192nd day (193rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 173 days remaining. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 3 is the 123rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (124th in leap years). ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Joseph Ralston was a general of the United States Air Force. ... May 3 is the 123rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (124th in leap years). ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 17 is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... General James Logan Jones, Jr. ... January 17 is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 4th redirects here. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... General Bantz J. Craddock General Bantz John Craddock assumed command of the United States Southern Command on November 9, 2004. ... December 4th redirects here. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... A Commander-in-Chief is the commander of a nations military forces or significant element of those forces. ...


External link

  • USEUCOM Homepage
 
Unified Combatant Commands of the United States armed forces
Flag of the United States
Regional responsibilities
Africa Command - Northern Command - Central Command - European Command - Pacific Command - Southern Command
Functional responsibilities
Special Operations Command - Joint Forces Command - Strategic Command - Transportation Command
Proposed new commands
Unified Medical Command

 
 

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