FACTOID # 18: Alaska spends more money per capita on elementary and secondary education than any other state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > United States Department of Peace


The United States Department of Peace and Non-violence is a proposed cabinet-level department of the executive branch of the U.S. government. The original idea of a Peace Department in the United States dates back to the administration of George Washington, but has been most recently reinitiated by Rep. Dennis Kucinich beginning in 2001 and formed a part of Kucinich's presidential campaign platform in 2004. A bill for this purpose, HR 3760, was previously introduced in the House of Representatives on September 14, 2005. It has most recently been re-introduced via HR 808 on February 5, 2007 and 65 co-sponsors have since quickly signed on. Cabinet meeting on May 16, 2001. ... The executive is the branch of a government charged with implementing, or executing, the law and running the day-to-day affairs of the government or state. ... George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799)[1] led Americas Continental Army to victory over Britain in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), and in 1789 was elected the first President of the United States of America. ... The United States House of Representatives (or simply the House) is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress; the other is the Senate. ... Dennis John Kucinich (born October 8, 1946) is an American politician of the Democratic party and a candidate for President of the United States in both 2004 and 2008. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


The The Peace Alliance organization supports the creation a U.S. Department of Peace and Non-violence. It is an independent grassroots political movement that operates autonomously and that has continued to gain momentum[citation needed]. The ongoing movement is supported by Kucinich and the author and popular motivational speaker Marianne Williamson. This movement actively lobbies for the endorsements of congressional leaders. It has local grassroot chapters in over 267 congressional districts[citation needed]. Marianne Williamson Marianne Williamson (born July 8, 1952)[1] is a spiritual activist, author, lecturer and founder of The Peace Alliance, a grass roots campaign supporting legislation currently before Congress to establish a United States Department of Peace. ...

Contents

The Kucinich proposal

In July 2001, Ohio Rep. Dennis Kucinich introduced a U.S. Department of Peace and Non-violence legislation to Congress though it is unclear how similar his version of a Department of Peace and Non-violence would be to that of the founding fathers. The September 11 attacks several months later put the idea on hold. Dennis John Kucinich (born October 8, 1946) is an American politician of the Democratic party and a candidate for President of the United States in both 2004 and 2008. ... The World Trade Center on fire The September 11, 2001 attacks were a series of coordinated terrorist attacks against the United States on September 11, 2001. ...


Kucinich proposed a U.S. Department of Peace and Non-violence again (House Resolution 1673) in April 2003; the legislation attracted 75 co-sponsors and is endorsed by groups including Amnesty International and the National Organization for Women. Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is a pressure group that promotes human rights. ... The National Organization for Women (NOW) is an American feminist group, founded in 1966, with 500,000 contributing members and 550 chapters in all 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia. ...


This bill includes several additional proposed mandates which would go beyond the existing mandates of the US Institute of Peace. Some highlights among the areas of proposed additional responsibility include:

  • Teach violence prevention, conflict resolution skills and mediation to America's school children in classrooms as an elective or requirement, providing them with the communication tools they need to express themselves beginning in elementary school through high school.
  • Provide violence prevention programs addressing domestic violence, gang violence, drug and alcohol related violence, and the like.
  • To effectively treat and dismantle gang psychology.
  • To rehabilitate the prison population.
  • To build peace making efforts among conflicting cultures both here and abroad.
  • To support our military with complementary approaches to ending violence.
  • Monitoring of all domestic arms production, including non-military arms, conventional military arms, and of weapons of mass destruction.
  • Making regular recommendations to the US President for various arms reductions strategies.
  • Assumption of a more proactive level of involvement in the establishment of international dialogues for international conflict resolution (as a cabinet level department).
  • Establishment of a US Peace Academy, which among other things would train international peace-keepers.
  • Development of an educational media program to promote non-violence in the domestic media.
  • Monitoring of human rights, both domestically and abroad.
  • Making regular recommendations to the President for the maintenance and improvement of these human rights.
  • Receiving a timely mandatory advance consultation from the Secretaries of State, and of Defense, prior to any engagement of US troops in any armed conflict with any other nation.
  • Establishment of a national Peace Day.
  • Participation by the Secretary of Peace as a member of the National Security Council.
  • Expansion of the national Sister City program.
  • Significant expansion of current Institute of Peace program involvement in educational affairs, in areas such as:
  1. Drug rehabilitation,
  2. Policy reviews concerning crime prevention, punishment, and rehabilitation,
  3. Implementation of violence prevention counseling programs and peer mediation programs in schools,
  • Also, making recommendations regarding:
  1. Battered women's rights,
  2. Animal rights,
  • Various other "peace related areas of responsibility".

Proposed funding for a U.S. Department of Peace and Non-violence would initially come from a budget that is defined by the violence-prevention bill as, "at least 1 percent of the proposed federal discretionary budget, FY 2008 of which 53% is already allocated to the Department of Defense (budget)". Whether or not the chairman of the US Institute of Peace would be promoted to a cabinet level position, or whether an entirely new position would be created, is not addressed by this bill. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For the Xzibit album, see Weapons of Mass Destruction (album). ... Conflict resolution or conflictology is the process of attempting to resolve a dispute or a conflict. ... A cabinet is a body of high-ranking members of government, typically representing the executive branch. ... A peacekeeper can be a person involved in peacekeeping. ... Nonviolence (or non-violence) can be both a political strategy or moral philosophy that rejects the use of violence in efforts to attain social or political change. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ... In several countries, Secretary of State is a senior government position. ... Seal of the United States Department of Defense. ... The International Day of Peace was established by a resolution of the United Nations General Assembly to be the third Tuesday of September every year and devoted to commemorating and strengthening the ideals of peace, as a day of global ceasefire and non-violence, an invitation to all nations and... The White House National Security Council (NSC) in the United States is the principal forum used by the President of the United States for considering national security and foreign policy matters with his senior national security advisors and cabinet officials and is part of the Executive Office of the President. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Crime prevention is a term describing techniques used in deterring crime and criminals. ... Look up Punishment in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This theory of punishment is based on the notion that punishment is to be inflicted on a offender so as to reform him, or rehabilitate him so as to make his re-integration into society easier. ...


Kucinich continues to actively promote and lobby for this legislation.


Kucinich has also stated if he could pick anyone to head this department he would pick Jimmy Carter.


Similar proposals in history

The idea for the establishment of a U.S. Department of Peace and Non-violence can be traced back to debates by the framers of the U.S. Constitution. George Washington declared in 1783 in his “Sentiments on a Peace Establishment” that “a large Army in time of Peace hath ever been considered dangerous to the liberties of a Country”.[1] An essay on the establishment of a peace organization was written in 1792 by Dr. Benjamin Rush, a physician, educator, and signer of the Declaration of Independence. His proposal called for the establishment of a "Peace Office" which was to be on equal footing with the "War Office". It saw an urgent need for the establishment of "an office for promoting and preserving perpetual peace in our country" in order to maintain the greater welfare of "these United States." But it also called for free schools for youth "carefully instructed in reading, writing, and arithmetic, and in the doctrines of a religion of some kind", distributing free Bibles at public expense, and putting a sign over the door of the War Department proclaiming "An office for butchering the human species".[1] George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799)[1] led Americas Continental Army to victory over Britain in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), and in 1789 was elected the first President of the United States of America. ... Dr. Benjamin Rush, painted by Charles Wilson Peale, c. ... A declaration of independence is an assertion of the independence of an aspiring state or states. ...


In fiction

The novel 1988 (a fictional work about the upcoming 1988 presidential election published in 1985) by then-Governor of Colorado Richard Lamm, includes a very similar proposal where the third-party presidential candidate in the novel proposes a cabinet-level Agency for U.S. Peace and Conflict Resolution with a Secretary of Peace who could challenge the Secretary of Defense when necessary. The Governor of Colorado is the chief executive of the U.S. state of Colorado. ... Richard Douglas Dick Lamm (born August 3, 1935 in Madison, Wisconsin) is an American politician and lawyer. ...


See also

A peace dove, widely known as a symbol for peace, featuring an olive branch in the doves beak. ... Nonviolence (or non-violence) can be both a political strategy or moral philosophy that rejects the use of violence in efforts to attain social or political change. ... Mark Brandt Dayton (born January 26, 1947) was a Minnesota Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party U.S. Senator from Minnesota who served from 2001 – 2007 in the 107th, 108th, and 109th Congresses. ... Dennis John Kucinich (born October 8, 1946) is an American politician of the Democratic party and a candidate for President of the United States in both 2004 and 2008. ... Marianne Williamson Marianne Williamson (born July 8, 1952)[1] is a spiritual activist, author, lecturer and founder of The Peace Alliance, a grass roots campaign supporting legislation currently before Congress to establish a United States Department of Peace. ... Proposed new USIP headquarters, construction to begin 2007. ... The Ministry of Peace (Newspeak: Minipax) is one of four ministries in George Orwells novel Nineteen Eighty-Four. ...

References

  1. ^ "A Plan of a Peace-Office for the United States" Retrieved on March 24, 2007

is the 83rd day of the year (84th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...

External links

  • Establish a U.S. Department of Peace and Nonviolence - The Peace Alliance Campaign
  • Text of House Resolution 808: To establish a Department of Peace and Nonviolence
  • The Propeace community
  • U.S. Department of Peace on MySpace
  • Campaign for a U.S. Department of Peace Los Angeles
  • Florida Campaign for a U.S. Department of Peace and Nonviolence
  • Maryland State campaign for a U.S. Department of Peace
  • Massachusetts Campaign for a U.S. Department of Peace
  • International People's Initiative for Departments of Peace
  • NPR: Peace Department Proposal Rattles Small Town
  • Senator Mark Dayton's Press Release
  • United States Institute of Peace Website
  • Representative Dennis Kucinich's Personal Site Discussing this Legislation

  Results from FactBites:
 
Peace-keeping Operations : a bibliography (7852 words)
Peace operations by the United Nations: the case for a volunteer UN military force.
The United Nations General Assembly and the authority to establish UN forces: an interpretative analysis of the Charter, the theories of implied and inherent powers, and the Uniting for Peace Resolution.
United States funding for U.N. Middle East forces: hearing before the Subcommittee on H.R. 16343 to authorize the U.S. payment to the United Nations for expenses of the U.N. peacekeeping forces in the Middle East, August 14, 1974.
Colorado DOP Campaign (915 words)
The campaign to establish a U.S. Department of Peace and Nonviolence (House Resolution 3760 and Senate 1756) is only one aspect of a fundamental response to the problem of violence, but it is critical.
Peace is more than the absence of violence. The peacefulness of a society can be measured by how well it applies the principles of nonviolence and provides opportunities for each of its members to reach their human potential.
The Department of Peace Campaign will educate and inspire thousands throughout the country with the knowledge, skill and enthusiasm to become powerful citizen activists on behalf of the Department of Peace legislation.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m