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Encyclopedia > United States Department of Energy
Department of Energy

Seal of the Department of Energy Seal of the United States Department of Energy. ...

Established: August 4, 1977
Activated: October 1, 1977
Secretary: Samuel W. Bodman
Deputy Secretary: Clay Sell
Budget: $23.4 billion (2006)
Employees: 16,100 federal
100,000 contract (2004)

The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is a Cabinet-level department of the United States government responsible for energy policy and nuclear safety. Its purview includes the nation's nuclear weapons program, nuclear reactor production for the United States Navy, energy conservation, energy-related research, radioactive waste disposal, and domestic energy production. DOE also sponsors more basic and applied scientific research than any other US federal agency, most of this is funded through its system of United States Department of Energy National Laboratories. August 4 is the 216th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (217th in leap years), with 149 days remaining. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... The United States Secretary of Energy is the head of the United States Department of Energy, concerned as the name suggests, with The Secretary is a member of the Presidents Cabinet. ... Samuel Wright Bodman III, Sc. ... Clay Sell is the current Deputy Secretary of Energy of the United States after he was sworn in March 21, 2005. ... Cabinet meeting on May 16, 2001. ... This diagram demonstrates the defense in depth quality of nuclear power plants. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 kilometers (11 mi) above the hypocenter. ... Core of a small nuclear reactor used for research. ... The United States Navy, also known as the USN or the U.S. Navy, is a branch of the United States armed forces responsible for conducting naval operations. ... An illustration showing the various sources of nuclear waste Radioactive waste are waste types containing radioactive chemical elements that do not have a practical purpose. ...


In the United States, all nuclear weapons deployed by the US Department of Defense (DOD) are actually on loan to DOD from the DOE, which has federal responsibility for the design, testing and production of all nuclear weapons. DOE in turn uses contractors to carry out its responsibilities; design of the nuclear components of the weapon - Los Alamos National Laboratory and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, engineering of the weapon systems - Sandia National Laboratory, manufacturing of key components - Los Alamos National Laboratory, testing - Nevada Test Site, and final weapon/warhead assembling/dismantling - Pantex. The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 km (11 mi) above the epicenter. ... The United States Department of Defense, abbreviated DoD or DOD and sometimes called the Defense Department, is a civilian Cabinet organization of the United States government. ... Los Alamos National Laboratory, aerial view from 1995. ... Aerial view of the lab and surrounding area. ... Sandia National Laboratories is a major United States Department of Energy research and development national laboratory with two locations, one in Albuquerque, New Mexico and the other in Livermore, California. ... Los Alamos National Laboratory, aerial view from 1995. ... The Pantex plant, located 17 miles northeast of Amarillo, Texas, in Carson County, Texas, is charged with maintaining the safety, security and reliability of the nation’s nuclear weapons stockpile. ...


Many federal agencies have been established to handle various aspects of U.S. energy policy, dating back to the creation of the Manhattan Project and the subsequent Atomic Energy Commission. The impetus for putting them all under the auspices of a single department was the 1973 energy crisis, in response to which President Jimmy Carter proposed creation of the department. The enabling legislation was passed by Congress and signed into law by President Carter on August 4, 1977. The department began operations on October 1, 1977. The agency is administered by the United States Secretary of Energy, and its headquarters are located in Germantown, Maryland as well as southwest Washington, D.C., on Independence Avenue in the Forrestal Building, named for James Forrestal. The Manhattan Project resulted in nuclear weapons, and the first-ever nuclear detonation, at the Trinity test of July 16, 1945. ... Shield of the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. ... (Redirected from 1973 energy crisis) United States, drivers of vehicles with odd numbered license plates were allowed to purchase gasoline only on odd-numbered days of the month, while drivers with even-numbers were limited to even-numbered days. ... This article is becoming very long. ... Look up Congress in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... August 4 is the 216th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (217th in leap years), with 149 days remaining. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Secretary of Energy is the head of the United States Department of Energy, concerned as the name suggests, with The Secretary is a member of the Presidents Cabinet. ... Germantown is an unincorporated, but urbanized Census-Designated Place in Montgomery County, Maryland in the USA. It is the sixth most populous Census-Designated Place in Maryland. ... Color-enhanced USGS satellite image of Washington, DC, taken April 26, 2002. ... Nickname: DC, The District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia Coordinates: Country United States Federal District District of Columbia Government  - Mayor Adrian M. Fenty (D)  - City Council Chairperson: Vincent C. Gray (D) Ward 1: Jim Graham (D... In Washington, D.C., Independence Avenue is a major east-west street running just south of the United States Capitol in the citys Southwest and Southeast quadrants. ... James Vincent Forrestal (February 15, 1892 – May 22, 1949) was a Secretary of the Navy and the first United States Secretary of Defense. ...

Contents

Operating Units

DoE headquarters
DoE headquarters
Sulfur lamp at Forrestal Building
Sulfur lamp at Forrestal Building
United States Department of Energy logo as seen at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
United States Department of Energy logo as seen at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) is part of the United States Department of Energy. It works to improve national security through the military application of nuclear energy. The NNSA also maintains and improves the safety, reliability, and performance of the United States nuclear weapons stockpile, including the ability to design, produce, and test, in order to meet national security requirements. Image File history File links US_Dept_of_Energy_Forrestal_Building. ... Image File history File links US_Dept_of_Energy_Forrestal_Building. ... Image File history File links Forrestal_Building. ... Image File history File links Forrestal_Building. ... LBNL researcher examines prototype sulfur lamp. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1168x1760, 538 KB) United States Department of Energy logo as seen at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, 2001-06. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1168x1760, 538 KB) United States Department of Energy logo as seen at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, 2001-06. ... The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is a one of nine United States Department of Energy multiprogram national laboratories. ... The United States National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) is part of the United States Department of Energy. ...


The Department's Office of Secure Transportation (OST) provides safe and secure transportation of nuclear weapons and components and special nuclear materials, and conducts other missions supporting the national security of the United States of America. Since 1974, OST has been assigned responsibility to develop, operate, and manage a system for the safe and secure transportation of all government-owned, DOE or NNSA controlled special nuclear materials in "strategic" or "significant" quantities. Shipments are transported in specially designed equipment and are escorted by armed Federal Agents (Nuclear Material Couriers). The U.S. Department of Energy/National Nuclear Security Administrations Office of Secure Transportation (OST) provides safe and secure transportation of nuclear weapons and components and special nuclear materials, and conducts other missions supporting the national security of the United States of America. ...


The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission is an independent regulatory agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. The Department also manages the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) is the United States federal agency with jurisdiction over interstate electricity sales, wholesale electric rates, hydroelectric licensing, natural gas pricing, and oil pipeline rates. ... The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) is an emergency petroleum store maintained by the United States Department of Energy. ...


The Office of Cyber Security maintains CIAC, the Computer Incident Advisory Capability service, which provides computer-security related bulletins going back to 1989. Also provides resources about protecting yourself from viruses, hoaxes and other malicious entities on the Internet. Computer Incident Advisory Capability (CIAC) is a service run by the Office of Cyber Security at the Department of Energy. ...


The Office of the Undersecretary also includes many of the DOE's applied energy research offices. The offices include (1) Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) which supports work in areas including fuel cells, advanced batteries for hybrid electric cars (FreedomCAR), and solar energy; (2) Fossil Energy, which supports work in areas like solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) and clean coal research; (3) Nuclear Engineering, supporting work in areas such as reactor design and nuclear safety; (4) The Office of Environmental Management; (5) Office of Civilian Waste Management, which controls efforts to eliminate nuclear waste in commercial nuclear reactors and is in charge of the Yucca Mountain repository; (6) the Office of Legacy Management, and (7) Office of Electricity Delivery and Electrical Reliability. The DoE´s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) mission is to strengthen Americas energy security, environmental quality, and economic vitality in public-private partnerships that: Enhance energy efficiency and productivity; Bring clean, reliable and affordable energy technologies to the marketplace; and Make a difference in the... A fuel cell is an electrochemical device similar to a battery, but differing from the latter in that it is designed for continuous replenishment of the reactants consumed; i. ... Four double-A batteries In science and technology, a battery is a device that stores energy and makes it available in an electrical form. ... FreedomCAR is a USA national program developing more energy efficient and environmentally friendly highway transportation technologies that will enable America to use less petroleum. ... Solid oxide fuel cells, or SOFC, are intended mainly for stationary applications with an ouput of 1 kW and larger (power plants). ... Coal Coal (IPA: ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... Yucca Mountain Yucca Mountain is a ridge line in Nye County, south-central Nevada, composed of volcanic material (mostly tuff) ejected from a now-extinct caldera-forming supervolcano. ...


The Office of the Undersecretary of Science controls the Office of Science, supports many national user facilities, e.g. Advanced Photon Source at Argonne National Laboratory, and is one of the largest federal supportors of basic research in the country. The Office of Science is built of several offices supporting various research areas. These areas include Advanced Scientific Computing, Biology and Environmental Research (BER), High Energy Physics (HEP), Basic Energy Sciences (BES), Fusion Energy Research, Nuclear Physics, and Workforce Development for Teachers and Scientists. The Workforce Development for Teachers and Scientists Office supports the efforts of the DOE to develop the next generation of scientists and teachers through internships, co-op's, visiting scientist and other joint appointments typically within the federal research complex. The Advanced Photon Source (APS) at Argonne National Laboratory is a national synchrotron_radiation light source research facility funded by the United States Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences. ... Aerial photo of the Advanced Photon Source at Argonne National Laboratory. ... Doe is the term used for the females of various species of animal, including: some species of deer rabbits In job and classified ads, DOE is an acronym for Depending On Experience and usually indicated in pay rates. ...


Laboratories funded by the Department include: The DOE is one of the biggest funders of science research in the US The United States Department of Energy National Laboratories are a system of federally funded research and development centers overseen by the United States Department of Energy (DOE) for the purpose of advancing science and helping promote...

There are four Power Marketing Administrations within the Department: The Albany Research Center, now part of National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), is a U.S. Department of Energy laboratory staffed by Federal employees located in Albany, Oregon. ... Ames Laboratory is a United States Department of Energy national laboratory located in Ames, Iowa. ... Aerial photo of the Advanced Photon Source at Argonne National Laboratory. ... ≠ Aerial view of Brookhaven National Laboratory. ... The Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN) at Brookhaven National Laboratory will provide state-of-the-art capabilities for the fabrication and study of nanoscale materials, with an emphasis on atomic-level tailoring of nanomaterials to achieve desired properties and functions. ... The Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies is one of five Nanoscale Science Research Centers the located in Albuquerque, New Mexico. ... The Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences is one of five Nanoscale Science Research Centers the location is in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. ... The Center for Nanoscale Materials is one of five Nanoscale Science Research Centers the United States Department of Energy sponsors. ... The Environmental Measurements Laboratory (EML), a United States government-owned, government-operated laboratory, is part of the Science and Technology (S&T) Directorate of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). ... The United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is a Cabinet department of the federal government of the United States that is concerned with protecting the American homeland and the safety of American citizens. ... Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory located in Batavia near Chicago, Illinois is a U.S. Department of Energy national laboratory specializing in high-energy particle physics, operated for the Department of Energy by the Universities Research Association (URA). ... The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is an 890 square mile (2,300 km²) complex located in the Idaho desert between the towns of Arco and Idaho Falls. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... The Berkeley Lab is perched on a hill overlooking the Berkeley central campus and San Francisco Bay. ... Aerial view of the lab and surrounding area. ... Los Alamos National Laboratory, aerial view from 1995. ... The Foundry is located in Berkeley. ... The National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) is a science, technology, and energy laboratory owned and operated by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). ... Globale Information Der Fortschritt auf dem Energiemarkt Durch neue Erkenntnisse der Funktionsweise unserer Sonne, wie sie Energie freisetzt, ist es einem Forscher aus Deutschland gelungen, auf dieser Basis eine Anlage zu konstruieren, die diesen Vorgang des Massenzerfalls oder Fusion zu Stande bringt. ... The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), located in Golden, Colorado, as part of the U.S. Department of Energy, is the United Statess primary laboratory for renewable energy and energy efficiency research and development. ... The New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL), as a part of the U.S. Department of Energy, is a government-owned, government-operated center in the measurement science of nuclear materials. ... A combination of federal, state and private funds is providing $300 million for the construction of 13 facilities on ORNLs new main campus. ... The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is a one of nine United States Department of Energy multiprogram national laboratories. ... Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) is a United States Department of Energy national laboratory for plasma physics and nuclear fusion science. ... The Radiological and Environmental Sciences Laboratory (RESL) is a federally-owned and operated laboratory by the United States Department of Energy (DOE). ... It has been suggested that Sandia Base be merged into this article or section. ... The Santa Susana Field Laboratory (SSFL) is a once prolific rocket and nuclear reactor test facility located 30 miles north of downtown Los Angeles, California. ... The Savannah River Site is a nuclear materials processing center in the US state of South Carolina, located on land adjacent to the Savannah River near Augusta, Georgia. ... The Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) is a United States Department of Energy National Laboratory operated by Stanford University under the programmatic direction of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science. ... Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), commonly called Jefferson Lab (JLAB), is a U.S. national laboratory operated by Southeastern Universities Research Association (SURA) for the U.S. Department of Energy. ... Yucca Mountain Yucca Mountain is a ridge line in Nye County, south-central Nevada, composed of volcanic material (mostly tuff) ejected from a now-extinct caldera-forming supervolcano. ... A Power Marketing Administration (PMA) is a U.S. federal agency within the Department of Energy with the responsibility for marketing hydropower primarily from multiple-purpose water projects operated by the Bureau of Reclamation, the Army Corps of Engineers, and the International Boundary and Water Commission. ...

The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) is a US self-financed federal agency headquartered in Portland, Oregon which transmits and sells wholesale electricity to Washington, Oregon, Idaho and western Montana. ... The Southeastern Power Administration was created in 1950 by the Secretary of the Interior to carry out the functions assigned to the Secretary by the Flood Control Act of 1944. ... The Southwestern Power Administration (Southwestern) is an agency of the U.S. Department of Energy. ... The Western Area Power Administration (Western) markets and delivers cost-based hydroelectric power and related services within a 15-state region of the central and western U.S. It is one of four power marketing administrations within the U.S. Department of Energy whose role is to market and transmit...

Related legislation

Hierarchy of the U.S. Department of Energy
Hierarchy of the U.S. Department of Energy

Image File history File linksMetadata DOECHART2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata DOECHART2. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Truman signs the Atomic Energy Act on August 1, 1946. ... Shield of the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Atomic Energy Act of 1954 is a United States federal law that is, according to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, the fundamental U.S. law on both the civilian and the military uses of nuclear materials. ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Price-Anderson Nuclear Industries Indemnity Act (commonly called the Price-Anderson Act) is an act of the Congress of the United States. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday. ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ... Map of the pipeline The Trans-Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS), sometimes called the Alyeska Pipeline or Alaska Pipeline, is a major US oil pipeline connecting oil fields in northern Alaska to a sea port where the oil can be shipped to the Lower 48 states for refining. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... NRC headquarters in Rockville, MD. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (or NRC) is a United States government agency that was established by the Energy Reorganization Act in 1974, and was first opened January 19, 1975. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... President Ford set the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) into motion when he signed the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA) on December 22, 1975. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... The National Energy Act of 1978 was a legislative response by the U.S. Congress to the 1973 energy crisis. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... The Energy Security Act was signed into law by U.S. President Jimmy Carter on June 30, 1980. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... The Energy Policy Act is a United States government act. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Energy Policy Act of 2005 (Pub. ...

See also

American Solar Challenge is a solar car race across North America. ... The Energy Policy Act of 2005 (Pub. ... NRC headquarters in Rockville, MD. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (or NRC) is a United States government agency that was established by the Energy Reorganization Act in 1974, and was first opened January 19, 1975. ... The Timeline of the Cox Report controversy is a chronology of information relating to the Peoples Republic of Chinas (PRC) alleged nuclear espionage against the United States detailed in the Congressional Cox Report. ...

External Links

  • Department Of Energy Meeting Notices and Rule Changes from The Federal Register RSS Feed

External links and sources


  Results from FactBites:
 
United States Department of Energy National Laboratories - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (552 words)
The system of centralized national laboratories grew out of the massive scientific endeavors of World War II, in which new technologies such as radar, the computer, the proximity fuze, and the atomic bomb proved decisive for the Allied victory.
After the war and its scientific successes, the newly created Atomic Energy Commission took over the future of the wartime laboratories, extending their lives indefinitely (they were originally thought of as temporary creations).
The national laboratory system, administered first by the Atomic Energy Commission, then the Energy Research and Development Administration, and currently the Department of Energy, is one of the largest (if not the largest) scientific research systems in the world.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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