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Encyclopedia > United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts: The United States federal courts are the system of courts organized under the Constitution and laws of the federal government of the United States. ... An appellate court is a court that hears cases in which a lower court -- either a trial court or a lower-level appellate court — has already made some decision, which at least one party to the action wants to challenge based upon some legal grounds that are allowed to... In law, jurisdiction (from the Latin jus, juris meaning law and dicere meaning to speak) is the practical authority granted to a formally constituted legal body or to a political leader to deal with and make pronouncements on legal matters and, by implication, to administer justice within a defined area... Map of the boundaries of the United States Courts of Appeals and United States District Courts The United States district courts are the general trial courts of the United States federal court system. ... For purposes of the federal judicial system, Congress has divided the United States into judicial districts. ...

It also has appellate jurisdiction over the following territorial courts: Image File history File links Seal of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. ... The United States District Court for the District of Alaska is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the state of Alaska. ... The United States District Court for the District of Arizona is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the state of Arizona. ... The U.S. District Court for the Central District of California (commonly referred to as the CDCA or CACD) is the U.S. district court serving some 17 million people in southern and central California, making it the largest federal judicial district by population. ... The U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of California is composed of six divisions. ... The United States District Court for the Northern District of California is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the following counties: Alameda, Contra Costa, Del Norte, Humboldt, Lake, Marin, Mendocino, Monterey, Napa, San Benito, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Santa Cruz, and Sonoma. ... The United States District Court for the Southern District of California is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the following counties: Imperial and San Diego. ... The United States District Court for the District of Hawaii is the principal trial court of the United States Federal Court System in the state of Hawaii. ... The United States District Court for the District of Idaho is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the state of Idaho exclusive of Yellowstone National Park. ... The United States District Court for the District of Montana is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the state of Montana. ... The United States District Court for the District of Nevada is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the state of Nevada. ... The United States District Court for the District of Oregon is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the state of Oregon. ... The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Washington is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the following counties: Adams, Asotin, Benton, Chelan, Columbia, Douglas, Ferry, Franklin, Garfield, Grant, Kittitas, Klickitat, Lincoln, Okanogan, Pend Oreille, Spokane, Stevens, Walla Walla, Whitman, and Yakima. ... The United States District Court for the Western District of Washington is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the following counties: Clallam, Clark, Cowlitz, Grays Harbor, Island, Jefferson, King, Kitsap, Lewis, Mason, Pacific, Pierce, San Juan, Skagit, Skamania, Snohomish, Thurston, Wahkiakum, and Whatcom. ... The United States territorial courts are tribunals established in territories of the United States by the United States Congress, pursuant to its power under Article I of the U.S. Constitution. ...

Headquartered in San Francisco, the Ninth Circuit is by far the largest of the thirteen courts of appeals, with 28 active judgeships. The court's regular meeting places are Seattle, Portland, San Francisco, and Pasadena, but panels of the court occasionally travel to hear cases in Alaska, Hawaii, and the Pacific territories over which it has jurisdiction. Although the judges travel around the circuit, the court arranges its hearings so that cases from the northern region of the circuit are heard in Seattle or Portland, cases from southern California are heard in Pasadena, and cases from northern California, Nevada, Arizona, and Hawaii are heard in San Francisco. For lawyers who must come and present their cases to the court in person, this administrative grouping of cases helps to reduce the time and cost of travel. The District Court for the Northern Mariana Islands is a United States territorial court whose jurisdiction comprises the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... The United States Courts of Appeals (or circuit courts) are the mid-level appellate courts of the United States federal court system. ... Nickname: The Emerald City Location of Seattle in King County and Washington Coordinates: Country United States State Washington County King Incorporated December 2, 1869 Mayor Greg Nickels (D) Area    - City 369. ... Nickname: City of Roses, Stumptown, Bridgetown, PDX Location in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: Country United States State Oregon County Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Mayor Tom Potter Area    - City 376. ... Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Official language(s) English Capital Juneau Largest city Anchorage Area  Ranked 1st  - Total 663,267 sq mi (1,717,855 km²)  - Width 808 miles (1,300 km)  - Length 1,479 miles (2,380 km)  - % water 13. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Contents

History and background

Year Jurisdiction Total population Pop. as % of nat'l pop. Number of active judgeships
1891 CA, ID, MT, NV, OR, WA 2,087,000 3.3% 2
1900 CA, HI, ID, MT, NV, OR, WA 2,798,000 3.7% 3
1920 AZ, CA, HI, ID, MT, NV, OR, WA 7,415,000 6.7% 3
1940 AZ, CA, HI, ID, MT, NV, OR, WA 11,881,000 9.0% 7
1960 AK, AZ, CA, GU, HI, ID, MT, NV, OR, WA 22,607,000 12.6% 9
1980 AK, AZ, CA, GU, HI, ID, MP, MT, NV, OR, WA 37,170,000 16.4% 23
2000 AK, AZ, CA, GU, HI, ID, MP, MT, NV, OR, WA 54,575,000 19.3% 28

The large size of the current court is due to the fact that both the population of the western states and the geographic jurisdiction of the Ninth Circuit have increased dramatically since Congress, in 1891, created the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. The court was originally granted appellate jurisdiction over federal district courts in California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, and Washington. As new states and territories were added to the federal judicial hierarchy in the twentieth century, many of those in the West came under control of the Ninth Circuit: the newly acquired territory of Hawaii in 1900, Arizona upon its accession to statehood in 1912, the then-territory of Alaska in 1948, Guam in 1951, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) in 1977. The adjoining chart illustrates the scope of the Ninth Circuit's jurisdiction at its inception in 1891 and at 20-year intervals since 1900.


The cultural and political jurisdiction of the Ninth Circuit is just as varied as the land within its geographical borders. In a dissenting opinion in a rights of publicity case involving “Wheel of Fortune” star Vanna White, Circuit Judge Alex Kozinski sardonically noted that “[f]or better or worse, we are the Court of Appeals for the Hollywood Circuit.” Judges from more remote parts of the circuit note the contrast between legal issues confronted by populous states such as California and those confronted by rural states such as Alaska, Idaho, and Montana. Judge Andrew J. Kleinfeld, who maintains his chambers in Fairbanks, Alaska, wrote in a 1998 letter: “Much federal law is not national in scope…. It is easy to make a mistake construing these laws when unfamiliar with them, as we often are, or not interpreting them regularly, as we never do.”[1] This article is becoming very long. ... Vanna White (born Vanna Marie Rosich on February 18, 1957) is an American television personality, best known as the hostess and puzzle board operator on the long-running game show Wheel of Fortune. ... Judge Alex Kozinski Judge Alex Kozinski (born July 23, 1950) is a judge in the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit and a popular essayist. ... ... Nickname: The Golden Heart City Location Coordinates , Government Country  State   Borough United States  Alaska   Fairbanks North Star Incorporated November 10, 1903 Mayor Steve M. Thompson Geographical characteristics Area     City 84. ...


Many scholars and jurists, like Judge Kleinfeld, cite regional differences between states in the circuit, as well as the practical, procedural, and substantive difficulties in administering a court of this size, as reasons why Congress should split the Ninth Circuit into two or more smaller circuit courts. Opponents of such a move claim that the court is functioning smoothly from an administrative standpoint, and that the real problem is not that the circuit is too large, but that Congress has not created enough judgeships to handle the court's workload. Moreover, many who advocate the preservation of the current Ninth Circuit see politics as a motivating factor in the split movement. They claim that by implementing a scheme that isolates California from the other states in the circuit, the effect of a split will be to dilute the power of judges who have handed down rulings that have angered social conservatives. Whatever the motivations of both sides, it is clear that the proposal to split the Ninth Circuit will be as politically incendiary as the recent confirmation battles over circuit court judges.


Controversy

Most criticism of the Ninth Circuit can be summarized by the following two claims:

Political Liberalism is an update to John Rawls 1971 Theory of Justice in which Rawls attempts to show that his theory of justice is not a comprehensive conception of the good, but is instead compatible with a liberal conception of the role of justice: namely, that government should be neutral...

Political liberalism

The Ninth Circuit is the most Democratic Circuit Court in the nation. 67% (16 out of 24) of its active judges were appointed by a Democratic President. The United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit and the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit are the only other Democratic majority courts, each with 54% Democratic appointees.[2] The Democratic Party is one of the two major United States political parties. ... The United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts: District of Connecticut Northern, Southern, Eastern, and Western Districts of New York District of Vermont The Second Circuit hears argument at the Thurgood Marshall U... The United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the following United States District Courts: District of Delaware District of New Jersey Western, Middle, and Eastern Districts of Pennsylvania District of the United States Virgin Islands The court is based at...


The Ninth Circuit generally has a liberal reputation. Like all federal judges, judges on the Ninth Circuit serve for life, and as a result their decisions may diverge sharply from the viewpoint of the president that nominated them. Accordingly, efforts to categorize judges based on their past political affiliation or nominating president are often fruitless. For example, the 2002 majority opinion in Newdow v. United States Congress, 292 F.3d 597 (9th Cir. 2002), rev'd sub nom. Elk Grove Unified Sch. Dist. v. Newdow, 542 U.S. 1 (2004), holding that the phrase “under God” in the Pledge of Allegiance violated the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment to the United States Constitution, was written by Senior Circuit Judge Alfred T. Goodwin, a Richard M. Nixon appointee. Newdow v. ... // Case citation is the system used in common law countries such as the United States, England and Wales, Canada, New Zealand, Australia and India to uniquely identify the location of past court cases in special series of books called reporters or law reports. ... // Case citation is the system used in common law countries such as the United States, England and Wales, Canada, New Zealand, Australia and India to uniquely identify the location of past court cases in special series of books called reporters or law reports. ... This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... It has been suggested that Pledge of Allegiance criticism be merged into this article or section. ... The first ten Amendments to the U.S. Constitution make up the Bill of Rights. ... The First Amendment to the United States Constitution is a part of the United States Bill of Rights. ... Senior status is a form of semi-retirement for U.S. federal judges. ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ...


Indeed, while the Ninth Circuit had long been instrumental in striking new legal ground, particularly in the areas of immigration law and prisoner rights, it was the Newdow decision that galvanized criticism against what conservatives saw as “judicial activism”. The case was litigated by Michael Newdow, an atheist who felt that the daily recitation of the Pledge of Allegiance in his daughter's school violated her First Amendment right to be free from government establishment of religion. In a 2-1 decision, a Ninth Circuit panel held for Newdow, stating that “[t]he text of the official Pledge, codified in federal law, impermissibly takes a position with respect to the purely religious question of the existence and identity of God.” Reaction to the decision by prominent political leaders, especially those in the House and Senate, was passionate. President George W. Bush, through his spokesman Ari Fleischer, called the ruling “ridiculous”, while Senator Charles Grassley called it “crazy and outrageous”. Even mainstream Democrats attacked the decision, with House minority leader Richard Gephardt calling it “poorly thought out”. Criticisms of the Newdow decision were not limited to the substantive law considered by the judges who heard the case; they also attacked the legitimacy and political independence of the court itself. The result was a renewed focus on the Ninth Circuit's caseload and a targeted effort by congressional Republicans to minimize the impact of such decisions. Nationality law is the branch of a countrys legal system wherein legislation, custom and court precendent combine to define the ways in which that countrys nationality and citizenship are transmitted, acquired or lost. ... The Rev. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Ari Fleischer conducts a White House press conference Lawrence Ari Fleischer (born October 13, 1960) was the press secretary for U.S. President George W. Bush from January 2001 to July 2003. ... Charles Ernest Chuck Grassley (born September 17, 1933) is the senior United States Senator from Iowa. ... Richard Andrew Gephardt (born January 31, 1941) served as a U.S. Representative from Missouri from 1977 until January 3, 2005. ...


In 2004, the United States Supreme Court reversed the Ninth Circuit's decision in the Newdow case, as many had predicted. However, the majority opinion did not reach the substantive issue of whether the Pledge violated the Establishment Clause, instead holding that Michael Newdow, who did not have primary custody of his daughter (the child's mother, whom Newdow never married, had custody), did not have standing to litigate the claim in federal court. Chief Justice William Rehnquist and Justices Sandra Day O'Connor and Clarence Thomas disagreed with the majority's opinion of Newdow's standing, but concurred in the judgement, making this a unanimous decision reversing the Ninth Circuit. Thomas wrote that the Ninth Circuit's opinion was “a persuasive reading of (Supreme Court) precedent”, but then attacked the precedent, particularly Lee v. Weisman. Rehnquist and O'Connor disagreed with the Ninth Circuit's interpretation of the precedent. 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C. The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C., (large image) The Supreme Court of the United States, located in Washington, D.C., is the highest court (see supreme court) in the United States; that is, it has ultimate judicial authority within the United States... William Hubbs Rehnquist (October 1, 1924 – September 3, 2005) was an American lawyer, jurist, and a political figure, who served as an Associate Justice on the Supreme Court of the United States and later as the Chief Justice of the United States. ... Sandra Day OConnor (born March 26, 1930) is an American jurist who served as the first female Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1981 to 2006. ... Clarence Thomas (born June 23, 1948) is an American jurist and has been an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States since 1991. ...


Another hotly contested case considered by the Ninth Circuit arose from the enactment of a California law permitting the cultivation and use of marijuana for medicinal purposes. In Raich v. Ashcroft, 352 F.3d 1222 (9th Cir. 2003), rev'd sub nom. Gonzales v. Raich, No. 03-1454, 125 S.Ct. (2005), a cancer patient sued the federal government, seeking to prevent it from seizing her supply of medical marijuana under the federal Controlled Substances Act. The United States argued that it had the right to enforce its drug laws against Raich notwithstanding the California statute. Raich argued that since the marijuana was grown within California, had never left the state's borders, and was not part of any economic transaction, Congress had no constitutional authority to regulate her cultivation and use of marijuana. In holding for Raich, the Ninth Circuit adhered to two landmark Supreme Court cases, United States v. Lopez, 514 U.S. 549 (1995), and United States v. Morrison, 529 U.S. 598 (2000), which had substantially restricted Congress's authority to regulate “noneconomic” activity under the guise of the Commerce Clause to the United States Constitution. In a 6-3 decision, the Supreme Court disagreed with this analysis, adhering instead to a 1942 case, Wickard v. Filburn, 317 U.S. 111 (1942), in which the Court held that cultivation of wheat for personal consumption could be subject to a federal production quota even though the crop never entered the stream of commerce. Interestingly, the three dissenters—voting to uphold the Ninth Circuit—were Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist and Justice Clarence Thomas, considered to be two of the most conservative members of the Court, as well as Justice Sandra Day O'Connor, considered to be a moderate. The Raich litigation illustrates that although the result of the Ninth Circuit's decision pleased political liberals opposed to tough federal drug laws, the legal analysis employed by the court was faithful to the principles of federalism and thus wholly “conservative” from a legal perspective. A Cannabis sativa plant The drug cannabis, also called marijuana, is produced from parts of the cannabis plant, primarily the cured flowers and gathered trichomes of the female plant. ... Ashcroft v. ... // Case citation is the system used in common law countries such as the United States, England and Wales, Canada, New Zealand, Australia and India to uniquely identify the location of past court cases in special series of books called reporters or law reports. ... // Case citation is the system used in common law countries such as the United States, England and Wales, Canada, New Zealand, Australia and India to uniquely identify the location of past court cases in special series of books called reporters or law reports. ... Holding Possession of a gun near a school is not an economic activity that has a substantial effect on interstate commerce. ... // Case citation is the system used in common law countries such as the United States, England and Wales, Canada, New Zealand, Australia and India to uniquely identify the location of past court cases in special series of books called reporters or law reports. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Holding The Violence Against Women Act of 1994, 42 U.S.C. § 13981, is unconstitutional as exceeding congressional power under the Commerce Clause and under section 5 of the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution. ... // Case citation is the system used in common law countries such as the United States, England and Wales, Canada, New Zealand, Australia and India to uniquely identify the location of past court cases in special series of books called reporters or law reports. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... Article I, Section 8, Clause 3 of the United States Constitution, known as the Commerce Clause, empowers the United States Congress To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes. ... The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States of America. ... Holding --- Court membership Case opinions Laws applied --- Wickard v. ... // Case citation is the system used in common law countries such as the United States, England and Wales, Canada, New Zealand, Australia and India to uniquely identify the location of past court cases in special series of books called reporters or law reports. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... William H. Rehnquist has served as the Chief Justice of the United States since 1986. ... Clarence Thomas (born June 23, 1948) is an American jurist and has been an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States since 1991. ... Sandra Day OConnor (born March 26, 1930) is an American jurist who served as the first female Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1981 to 2006. ... At the core, political federalism is a political philosophy in which a group or body of members are bound together (Latin: foedus, covenant) with a governing representative head. ...


The Ninth Circuit's willingness to venture into uncharted legal waters has been said to lead to a high reversal rate by the Supreme Court. A CNN.com article discussing the 2002 Newdow ruling stated that “[t]he 9th Circuit is the most overturned appeals court in the country.” This assertion is disputed by legal scholar Erwin Chemerinsky, who found that the Ninth Circuit's reversal rate was near the median of those of the other circuits.[3] Erwin Chemerinsky (born 1953) is a nationally renowned professor of Constitutional law and federal civil procedure, currently teaching at the Duke University School of Law, a position which he has held since July 1, 2004. ...


Accusations of liberal judicial activism in the Ninth Circuit have led to it being referred to as the “Ninth Circus” by some conservative pundits, such as Rush Limbaugh.[4] The Big Top of Billy Smarts Circus Cambridge 2004. ... Rush Hudson Limbaugh III (born January 12, 1951) is an American radio talk show host. ...


On the other hand, not every reversal of a Ninth Circuit decision by the Supreme Court comes in a case where the Ninth Circuit has ruled in favor of a group championed by political liberals. In Kyllo v. United States, 533 U.S. 27 (2001), the Supreme Court reversed a decision of the Ninth Circuit in favor of the government. The Ninth Circuit had ruled that evidence of a marijuana growing operation obtained without a warrant by means of a thermal imaging device could be introduced at a criminal trial because the Fourth Amendment did not recognize an expectation of privacy in radiation emanating from a private home. The Supreme Court reversed because a person's home is a place where he has always had an expectation of privacy, such that the search at issue required a warrant. In Danny Lee Kyllo v. ...

Chief Judge Mary M. Schroeder, with Senior Circuit Judge Procter Hug
Chief Judge Mary M. Schroeder, with Senior Circuit Judge Procter Hug

Photo of Mary M. Schroeder, obtained from the Ninth Circuit website at: http://www. ... Photo of Mary M. Schroeder, obtained from the Ninth Circuit website at: http://www. ... Chief Judge Mary M. Schroeder, with former Chief Judge Proctor Hug Mary M. Schroeder (born December 4, 1940 in Boulder, Colorado) is the Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. ...

Size of the court

In addition to concerns over its legal doctrine, critics of the Ninth Circuit point out several adverse consequences of its large size.[5] Chief among these is the Ninth Circuit's unique rules concerning the composition of an en banc court. In other circuits, en banc courts are composed of all active circuit judges, plus (depending on the rules of the particular court) any senior judges who took part in the original panel decision. By contrast, in the Ninth Circuit it is impractical for twenty-eight or more judges to take part in a single oral argument and deliberate on a decision en masse. The court thus provides for a “limited en banc” review of a randomly-selected 15 judge panel. This means that en banc reviews may not actually reflect the views of the majority of the court, and indeed may not include any of the three judges involved in the decision being reviewed in the first place. The result, according to detractors, is a high risk of intracircuit conflicts of law where different groupings of judges end up delivering contradictory opinions. This is said to cause uncertainty in the district courts and within the bar. Supporters of the existing court, however, point out that en banc review is a relatively rare occurrence and that court rules provide for full en banc review in limited circumstances.[6] Supporters also point out that all currently proposed splits would leave at least one circuit with 21 judges, only two fewer than the 23 that the Ninth Circuit had when limited en banc was first adopted; in other words, after a split at least one of the circuits would still be utilizing limited en banc courts.[7] En banc or in bank is a term used to refer to the hearing of a case by all the judges of a court. ...


Ninth Circuit split proposals

The following are the most prominent of the several existing or former proposals that have been considered by congressional leaders, legislative commissions, and interest groups.

Commission on Structural Alternatives for the Federal Courts of Appeals, Final Report, Dec. 18, 1998
The Commission found that splitting the Ninth Circuit would be “impractical and … unnecessary.” However, it recommended that the circuit be divided into three “adjudicative divisions” each of which would hear appeals from specific regions. A fourth at-large “circuit division” would be invoked solely to resolve conflicts of law arising within a particular division. This proposal would also abolish circuit-wide en banc or limited en banc circuit panels, instead creating en banc panels from each of the three regions as necessary.
Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals of Reorganization Act of 2003, S. 562
This proposal would split the Ninth Circuit into two, with California and Nevada being retained by the new Ninth Circuit and the remaining Ninth Circuit jurisdictions being assigned to a new Twelfth Circuit. The bill would create ten new judgeships, with 25 being retained by the Ninth Circuit and 13 being assigned to the Twelfth Circuit. Each current Ninth Circuit judge would be assigned to a new circuit based on the location of his or her duty station. This proposal was co-sponsored seven by Republican Senators from Alaska, Montana, Idaho, Oklahoma, and Oregon. After a hearing by the Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on Administrative Oversight and the Courts on April 7, 2004, no vote was held.
Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals Judgeship and Reorganization Act of 2003, H.R. 2723
This proposal would split the Ninth Circuit into two, with Arizona, California and Nevada being retained by the new Ninth Circuit and the remaining Ninth Circuit jurisdictions being assigned to a new Twelfth Circuit. The bill would create five permanent and two temporary judgeships, all to be retained by the new Ninth Circuit. The temporary judgeships would terminate upon the existence of a vacancy ten years or more after passage of the act. Each current Ninth Circuit judge would be assigned to a new circuit based on the location of his or her duty station. This proposal was co-sponsored by Republican congressmen from Washington, Idaho, Oregon, and Washington. After a hearing by the House Judiciary Subcommittee on Courts, the Internet, and Intellectual Property on October 21, 2003, no vote was held. This bill was reintroduced in the 109th Congress as H.R. 212, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals Judgeship and Reorganization Act of 2005. It is pending before the House Judiciary Subcommittee on Courts, the Internet, and Intellectual Property.
Ninth Circuit Judgeship and Reorganization Act of 2004, S. 878
This proposal would create two new circuits, the Twelfth and Thirteenth. The Ninth Circuit would retain California, Hawaii, Guam, and the CNMI. The Twelfth Circuit would contain Arizona, Nevada, Idaho, and Montana. The Thirteenth Circuit would contain Alaska, Oregon, and Washington. The Act would provide that existing judges be assigned to new circuits based on the location of their duty stations, after which the number of active judgeships in the new Ninth Circuit would be increased to nineteen. This bill was reintroduced in the 109th Congress as the Ninth Circuit Judgeship and Reorganization Act of 2005, H.R. 211, co-sponsored by House Majority Leader Tom DeLay and the same Republican Congressmen who had sponsored the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals Judgeship and Reorganization Act of 2003.
The Circuit Court of Appeals Restructuring and Modernization Act of 2005, S. 1845
This proposal would split the Ninth Circuit into two, with California, Hawaii, Guam, and the Northern Mariana Islands being retained by the Ninth Circuit, and the remaining Ninth Circuit jurisdictions being assigned to new Twelfth Circuit. It would create five permanent and two temporary judgeships, all retained by the new Ninth Circuit. The temporary judgeships would terminate upon the existence of a vacancy ten years or more after passage of the act. Each current Ninth Circuit judge would be assigned to a new circuit based on the location of his or her duty station. The proposal was co-sponsored by nine Republican senators from Alaska, Arizona, Montana, Nevada, Idaho, Oklahoma, and Oregon, including the same group of senators that had sponsored S. 562 in the previous Congress. It is pending before the Judiciary Subcommittee on Administrative Oversight and the Courts, and hearings have been held on it. It would seem to supersede S. 1296, which is similar in the states assigned to each new circuit and the number of judgeships in each new circuit; every sponsor of S. 1296 also sponsors S. 1845.

The 109th United States Congress meets from January 4, 2005, to January 1, 2007. ... The 109th United States Congress meets from January 4, 2005, to January 1, 2007. ... Thomas Dale Tom DeLay (born April 8, 1947) is a former member of the United States House of Representatives from Sugar Land, Texas. ...

Current composition of the court

As of Sandra Ikuta's confirmation on June 23, 2006,[8] the judges on the court are: 2006 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 23 is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 191 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

# Title Judge Duty station Born Term of service Appointed by
Active Chief Senior
46 Chief Judge Mary M. Schroeder Phoenix, AZ 1940 1979–present 2000–present Carter
50 Circuit Judge Harry Pregerson Woodland Hills, CA 1923 1979–present Carter
57 Circuit Judge Stephen Reinhardt Los Angeles, CA 1931 1980–present Carter
62 Circuit Judge Alex Kozinski Pasadena, CA 1950 1985–present Reagan
65 Circuit Judge Diarmuid Fionntain O'Scannlain Portland, OR 1937 1986–present Reagan
69 Circuit Judge Pamela Ann Rymer Pasadena, CA 1941 1989–present G.H.W. Bush
71 Circuit Judge Andrew Jay Kleinfeld Fairbanks, AK 1945 1991–present G.H.W. Bush
72 Circuit Judge Michael Daly Hawkins Phoenix, AZ 1945 1994–present Clinton
74 Circuit Judge Sidney Runyan Thomas Billings, MT 1953 1996–present Clinton
75 Circuit Judge Barry G. Silverman Phoenix, AZ 1951 1998–present Clinton
76 Circuit Judge Susan Graber Portland, OR 1949 1998–present Clinton
77 Circuit Judge M. Margaret McKeown San Diego, CA 1951 1998–present Clinton
78 Circuit Judge Kim McLane Wardlaw Pasadena, CA 1954 1998–present Clinton
79 Circuit Judge William A. Fletcher San Francisco, CA 1945 1998–present Clinton
80 Circuit Judge Raymond C. Fisher Pasadena, CA 1939 1999–present Clinton
81 Circuit Judge Ronald M. Gould Seattle, WA 1946 1999–present Clinton
82 Circuit Judge Richard A. Paez Pasadena, CA 1947 2000–present Clinton
83 Circuit Judge Marsha L. Berzon San Francisco, CA 1945 2000–present Clinton
84 Circuit Judge Richard C. Tallman Seattle, WA 1953 2000–present Clinton
85 Circuit Judge Johnnie B. Rawlinson Las Vegas, NV 1952 2000–present Clinton
86 Circuit Judge Richard R. Clifton Honolulu, HI 1950 2002–present G.W. Bush
87 Circuit Judge Jay Bybee Las Vegas, NV 1953 2003–present G.W. Bush
88 Circuit Judge Consuelo Maria Callahan Sacramento, CA 1950 2003–present G.W. Bush
89 Circuit Judge Carlos T. Bea San Francisco, CA 1934 2003–present G.W. Bush
90 Circuit Judge Milan Smith California 1942 2006–present G.W. Bush
91 Circuit Judge Sandra Segal Ikuta California 1954 2006–present G.W. Bush
Circuit Judge (vacant - seat 3) (n/a) (n/a) (n/a) (n/a) (n/a) (n/a)
Circuit Judge (vacant - seat 5) (n/a) (n/a) (n/a) (n/a) (n/a) (n/a)
29 Senior Circuit Judge James R. Browning San Francisco, CA 1918 1961–2000 1976–1988 2000–present Kennedy
38 Senior Circuit Judge Alfred Theodore Goodwin Pasadena, CA 1923 1971–1991 1988–1991 1991–present Nixon
39 Senior Circuit Judge J. Clifford Wallace San Diego, CA 1928 1972–1996 1991–1996 1996–present Nixon
40 Senior Circuit Judge Joseph Tyree Sneed III San Francisco, CA 1920 1973–1987 (none) 1987–present Nixon
43 Senior Circuit Judge Procter Ralph Hug, Jr. Reno, NV 1931 1977–2002 1996–2000 2002–present Carter
45 Senior Circuit Judge Betty Binns Fletcher Seattle, WA 1923 1979–1998 (none) 1998–present Carter
47 Senior Circuit Judge Otto Richard Skopil, Jr. Portland, OR 1919 1979–1986 (none) 1986–present Carter
48 Senior Circuit Judge Joseph Jerome Farris Seattle, WA 1930 1979–1995 (none) 1995–present Carter
49 Senior Circuit Judge Arthur Lawrence Alarcon Los Angeles, CA 1925 1979–1992 (none) 1992–present Carter
51 Senior Circuit Judge Warren John Ferguson Santa Ana, CA 1920 1979–1986 (none) 1986–present Carter
53 Senior Circuit Judge Dorothy Wright Nelson Pasadena, CA 1928 1979–1995 (none) 1995–present Carter
54 Senior Circuit Judge William Cameron Canby, Jr. Phoenix, AZ 1931 1980–1996 (none) 1996–present Carter
55 Senior Circuit Judge Robert Boochever Pasadena, CA 1917 1980–1986 (none) 1986–present Carter
58 Senior Circuit Judge Robert R. Beezer Seattle, WA 1928 1984–1996 (none) 1996–present Reagan
59 Senior Circuit Judge Cynthia Holcomb Hall Pasadena, CA 1929 1984–1997 (none) 1997–present Reagan
61 Senior Circuit Judge Melvin T. Brunetti Reno, NV 1933 1985–1999 (none) 1999–present Reagan
63 Senior Circuit Judge John T. Noonan, Jr. San Francisco, CA 1926 1985–1996 (none) 1996–present Reagan
64 Senior Circuit Judge David R. Thompson San Diego, CA 1930 1985–1998 (none) 1998–present Reagan
66 Senior Circuit Judge Edward Leavy Portland, OR 1929 1987–1997 (none) 1997–present Reagan
67 Senior Circuit Judge Stephen S. Trott Boise, ID 1939 1988–2004 (none) 2005–present Reagan
68 Senior Circuit Judge Ferdinand Francis Fernandez Pasadena, CA 1937 1989–2002 (none) 2002–present G.H.W. Bush
70 Senior Circuit Judge Thomas G. Nelson Boise, ID 1936 1990–2003 (none) 2003–present G.H.W. Bush
73 Senior Circuit Judge Atsushi Wallace Tashima Pasadena, CA 1934 1996–2004 (none) 2004–present Clinton

Senior status is a form of semi-retirement for U.S. federal judges. ... Chief Judge Mary M. Schroeder, with former Chief Judge Proctor Hug Mary M. Schroeder (born December 4, 1940 in Boulder, Colorado) is the Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. ... This article is about the capital of Arizona. ... For other persons named Jimmy Carter, see Jimmy Carter (disambiguation). ... Harry Pregerson (born October 13, 1923) serves as a judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. ... Woodland Hills is a community within the City of Los Angeles. ... For other persons named Jimmy Carter, see Jimmy Carter (disambiguation). ... Stephen Roy Reinhardt (born March 27, 1931 in New York, New York) is a circuit judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, with chambers in Los Angeles, California. ... Los Angeles, L.A., and LA redirect here. ... For other persons named Jimmy Carter, see Jimmy Carter (disambiguation). ... Judge Alex Kozinski Judge Alex Kozinski (born July 23, 1950) is a judge in the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit and a popular essayist. ... Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was the 40th President of the United States (1981–1989) and the 33rd Governor of California (1967–1975). ... Diarmuid Fionntain OScannlain (born 1937, New York City) is a judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. ... Nickname: City of Roses, Stumptown, Bridgetown, PDX Location in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: Country United States State Oregon County Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Mayor Tom Potter Area    - City 376. ... Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was the 40th President of the United States (1981–1989) and the 33rd Governor of California (1967–1975). ... Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Order: 41st President Vice President: Dan Quayle Term of office: January 20, 1989 – January 20, 1993 Preceded by: Ronald Reagan Succeeded by: Bill Clinton Date of birth: June 12, 1924 Place of birth: Milton, Massachusetts First Lady: Barbara Pierce Bush Political party: Republican George Herbert Walker Bush, KBE (born... Nickname: The Golden Heart City Location Coordinates , Government Country  State   Borough United States  Alaska   Fairbanks North Star Incorporated November 10, 1903 Mayor Steve M. Thompson Geographical characteristics Area     City 84. ... Order: 41st President Vice President: Dan Quayle Term of office: January 20, 1989 – January 20, 1993 Preceded by: Ronald Reagan Succeeded by: Bill Clinton Date of birth: June 12, 1924 Place of birth: Milton, Massachusetts First Lady: Barbara Pierce Bush Political party: Republican George Herbert Walker Bush, KBE (born... Michael Daly Hawkins (born February 12, 1945) serves on the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. ... This article is about the capital of Arizona. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... Judge Sidney Runyan Thomas (born August 14, 1953, in Bozeman, Montana, is a judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. ... Nickname: The Magic City, Star of the Big Sky Country, City Beneath the Rims, The Paradigm City Motto: Billings Pride: City~Wide Location in Montana Coordinates: County Yellowstone County Founded 1877 Incorporated 1882 Mayor Ronald Tussing Area    - City 105 km²  (41 sq mi)  - Water 0. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... This article is about the capital of Arizona. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... Nickname: City of Roses, Stumptown, Bridgetown, PDX Location in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: Country United States State Oregon County Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Mayor Tom Potter Area    - City 376. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... Judge M. Margaret McKeown (born May 11, 1951, in Casper, Wyoming) is a judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. ... Nickname: Americas Finest City Location of San Diego within San Diego County Coordinates: Country United States State California County San Diego Mayor Jerry Sanders City Attorney Michael Aguirre City Council Scott Peters Kevin Faulconer Toni Atkins Tony Young Brian Maienschein Donna Frye Jim Madaffer Ben Hueso Area    - City 963. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Nickname: The City by the Bay; Fog City Location of the City and County of San Francisco, California Coordinates: Country United States of America State California City-County San Francisco Mayor Gavin Newsom Area    - City 122 km²  (47 sq mi)  - Land 121. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... Ronald Murray Gould (born in 1946 in St. ... Nickname: The Emerald City Location of Seattle in King County and Washington Coordinates: Country United States State Washington County King Incorporated December 2, 1869 Mayor Greg Nickels (D) Area    - City 369. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Nickname: The City by the Bay; Fog City Location of the City and County of San Francisco, California Coordinates: Country United States of America State California City-County San Francisco Mayor Gavin Newsom Area    - City 122 km²  (47 sq mi)  - Land 121. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... Judge Richard Tallman is a judge for the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. ... Nickname: The Emerald City Location of Seattle in King County and Washington Coordinates: Country United States State Washington County King Incorporated December 2, 1869 Mayor Greg Nickels (D) Area    - City 369. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... This article is about the city of Las Vegas in the U.S. state of Nevada. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... Richard R. Clifton (born November 13, 1950 in Framingham, Massachusetts) is a federal judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. ... Nickname: Sheltered Bay Location within the island of Oahu in the state of Hawaii Coordinates: Country United States State Hawaii County City and County of Honolulu Mayor Mufi Hannemann Area    - City 105 mi² / 272. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Jay S. Bybee (born October 27, 1953) is an American judge. ... This article is about the city of Las Vegas in the U.S. state of Nevada. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Consuelo Maria Callahan is a judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. ... Nickname: City of Trees Location of Sacramento in California County Sacramento Mayor Heather Fargo Area    - City 99. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Carlos T. Bea (born April 18, 1934 in San Sebastian, Spain) is a federal judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. ... Nickname: The City by the Bay; Fog City Location of the City and County of San Francisco, California Coordinates: Country United States of America State California City-County San Francisco Mayor Gavin Newsom Area    - City 122 km²  (47 sq mi)  - Land 121. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Milan Dale Smith, Jr. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Sandra Segal Ikuta was nominated to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit on Wednesday, February 8, 2006. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... James Robert Browning (b. ... Nickname: The City by the Bay; Fog City Location of the City and County of San Francisco, California Coordinates: Country United States of America State California City-County San Francisco Mayor Gavin Newsom Area    - City 122 km²  (47 sq mi)  - Land 121. ... For other persons named John Kennedy, see John Kennedy (disambiguation). ... Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ... Nickname: Americas Finest City Location of San Diego within San Diego County Coordinates: Country United States State California County San Diego Mayor Jerry Sanders City Attorney Michael Aguirre City Council Scott Peters Kevin Faulconer Toni Atkins Tony Young Brian Maienschein Donna Frye Jim Madaffer Ben Hueso Area    - City 963. ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ... Nickname: The City by the Bay; Fog City Location of the City and County of San Francisco, California Coordinates: Country United States of America State California City-County San Francisco Mayor Gavin Newsom Area    - City 122 km²  (47 sq mi)  - Land 121. ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ... City nickname: The Biggest Little City in the World Founded May 13, 1868 County Washoe County Mayor Bob Cashell Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 179. ... For other persons named Jimmy Carter, see Jimmy Carter (disambiguation). ... Nickname: The Emerald City Location of Seattle in King County and Washington Coordinates: Country United States State Washington County King Incorporated December 2, 1869 Mayor Greg Nickels (D) Area    - City 369. ... For other persons named Jimmy Carter, see Jimmy Carter (disambiguation). ... Nickname: City of Roses, Stumptown, Bridgetown, PDX Location in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: Country United States State Oregon County Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Mayor Tom Potter Area    - City 376. ... For other persons named Jimmy Carter, see Jimmy Carter (disambiguation). ... Nickname: The Emerald City Location of Seattle in King County and Washington Coordinates: Country United States State Washington County King Incorporated December 2, 1869 Mayor Greg Nickels (D) Area    - City 369. ... For other persons named Jimmy Carter, see Jimmy Carter (disambiguation). ... Los Angeles, L.A., and LA redirect here. ... For other persons named Jimmy Carter, see Jimmy Carter (disambiguation). ... Location of Santa Ana within Orange County, California. ... For other persons named Jimmy Carter, see Jimmy Carter (disambiguation). ... Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... For other persons named Jimmy Carter, see Jimmy Carter (disambiguation). ... Born on May 22, 1931 in St. ... This article is about the capital of Arizona. ... For other persons named Jimmy Carter, see Jimmy Carter (disambiguation). ... Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... For other persons named Jimmy Carter, see Jimmy Carter (disambiguation). ... Nickname: The Emerald City Location of Seattle in King County and Washington Coordinates: Country United States State Washington County King Incorporated December 2, 1869 Mayor Greg Nickels (D) Area    - City 369. ... Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was the 40th President of the United States (1981–1989) and the 33rd Governor of California (1967–1975). ... Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was the 40th President of the United States (1981–1989) and the 33rd Governor of California (1967–1975). ... City nickname: The Biggest Little City in the World Founded May 13, 1868 County Washoe County Mayor Bob Cashell Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 179. ... Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was the 40th President of the United States (1981–1989) and the 33rd Governor of California (1967–1975). ... John Thomas Noonan, Jr. ... Nickname: The City by the Bay; Fog City Location of the City and County of San Francisco, California Coordinates: Country United States of America State California City-County San Francisco Mayor Gavin Newsom Area    - City 122 km²  (47 sq mi)  - Land 121. ... Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was the 40th President of the United States (1981–1989) and the 33rd Governor of California (1967–1975). ... Nickname: Americas Finest City Location of San Diego within San Diego County Coordinates: Country United States State California County San Diego Mayor Jerry Sanders City Attorney Michael Aguirre City Council Scott Peters Kevin Faulconer Toni Atkins Tony Young Brian Maienschein Donna Frye Jim Madaffer Ben Hueso Area    - City 963. ... Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was the 40th President of the United States (1981–1989) and the 33rd Governor of California (1967–1975). ... Judge Edward Leavy (born 1929 in Aurora, Oregon) is a judge for the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit and the United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court of Review. ... Nickname: City of Roses, Stumptown, Bridgetown, PDX Location in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: Country United States State Oregon County Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Mayor Tom Potter Area    - City 376. ... Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was the 40th President of the United States (1981–1989) and the 33rd Governor of California (1967–1975). ... Nickname: City of Trees Motto: Energy Peril Success Location of Boise in the State of Idaho Coordinates: Country United States State Idaho County Ada Founded 1863 Incorporated 1864 Mayor David H. Bieter (NP) Area    - City {{{area_total}}} km²  (64 sq mi) Elevation {{{elevation}}} m  (2700 ft) Population  - City 211,830  - Metro... Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was the 40th President of the United States (1981–1989) and the 33rd Governor of California (1967–1975). ... Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Order: 41st President Vice President: Dan Quayle Term of office: January 20, 1989 – January 20, 1993 Preceded by: Ronald Reagan Succeeded by: Bill Clinton Date of birth: June 12, 1924 Place of birth: Milton, Massachusetts First Lady: Barbara Pierce Bush Political party: Republican George Herbert Walker Bush, KBE (born... Nickname: City of Trees Motto: Energy Peril Success Location of Boise in the State of Idaho Coordinates: Country United States State Idaho County Ada Founded 1863 Incorporated 1864 Mayor David H. Bieter (NP) Area    - City {{{area_total}}} km²  (64 sq mi) Elevation {{{elevation}}} m  (2700 ft) Population  - City 211,830  - Metro... Order: 41st President Vice President: Dan Quayle Term of office: January 20, 1989 – January 20, 1993 Preceded by: Ronald Reagan Succeeded by: Bill Clinton Date of birth: June 12, 1924 Place of birth: Milton, Massachusetts First Lady: Barbara Pierce Bush Political party: Republican George Herbert Walker Bush, KBE (born... Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ...

Pending nominations

May 15 is the 135th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (136th in leap years). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... William Myers is a nominee to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. ... January 3 is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 16 is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ...

List of former judges

# Judge State Born/Died Term of service Appointed by Reason for
termination
Active Chief Senior
1 Lorenzo Sawyer CA 1820–1891 1891–1891 (none) (none) [14] death
2 Joseph McKenna CA 1843–1926 1892–1897 (none) (none) B. Harrison resignation
3 William Ball Gilbert OR 1847–1931 1892–1931 (none) (none) B. Harrison death
4 Erskine Mayo Ross CA 1845–1928 1895–1925 (none) 1925–1928 Cleveland death
5 William W. Morrow CA 1843–1929 1897–1923 (none) (none) McKinley resignation
William Henry Hunt MT 1857–1949 1911–1928 (none) 1928–1928 [15] resignation
6 Frank H. Rudkin WA 1864–1931 1923–1931 (none) (none) Harding death
7 Wallace McCamant OR 1867–1944 1925[16]–1926 (none) (none) Coolidge recess appointment not confirmed by the Senate
8 Frank Sigel Dietrich ID 1863–1930 1927–1930 (none) (none) Coolidge death
9 Curtis D. Wilbur CA 1867–1954 1929–1945 (none) 1945–1954 Hoover death
10 William Henry Sawtelle AZ 1868–1934 1931–1934 (none) (none) Hoover death
11 Francis Arthur Garrecht WA 1870–1948 1933–1948 (none) (none) F. Roosevelt death
12 William Denman CA 1872–1959 1935–1957 1948–1957 1957–1959 F. Roosevelt death
13 Clifton Mathews AZ 1880–1962 1935–1953 (none) 1953–1962 F. Roosevelt death
14 Bert Emory Haney OR 1879–1943 1935–1943 (none) (none) F. Roosevelt death
15 Albert Lee Stephens, Sr. CA 1874–1965 1937–1961 1957–1959 1961–1965 F. Roosevelt death
16 William Healy ID 1881–1962 1937–1958 (none) 1958–1962 F. Roosevelt death
17 Homer Bone WA 1883–1970 1944–1956 (none) 1956–1970 F. Roosevelt death
18 William Edwin Orr NV 1881–1965 1945–1956 (none) 1956–1965 Truman death
19 Walter Lyndon Pope MT 1889–1969 1949–1961 1959–1959 1961–1969 Truman death
20 Dal Millington Lemmon CA 1887–1958 1954–1958 (none) (none) Eisenhower death
21 Richard Harvey Chambers AZ 1906–1994 1954–1976 1959–1976 1976–1994 Eisenhower death
22 James Alger Fee OR 1888–1959 1954–1959 (none) (none) Eisenhower death
23 Stanley Nelson Barnes CA 1900–1990 1956–1970 (none) 1970–1990 Eisenhower death
24 Frederick George Hamley WA 1903–1975 1956–1971 (none) 1971–1975 Eisenhower death
25 Oliver Deveta Hamlin, Jr. CA 1892–1973 1958–1963 (none) 1963–1973 Eisenhower death
26 Gilbert H. Jertberg CA 1897–1973 1958–1967 (none) 1967–1973 Eisenhower death
27 Charles Merton Merrill NV 1907–1996 1959–1974 (none) 1974–1996 Eisenhower death
28 Montgomery Oliver Koelsch ID 1912–1992 1959–1976 (none) 1976–1992 Eisenhower death
30 Benjamin Cushing Duniway CA 1907–1986 1961–1976 (none) 1976–1986 Kennedy death
31 Walter Raleigh Ely, Jr. CA 1913–1979 1964–1979 (none) 1979–1984 L. Johnson death
32 James Marshall Carter CA 1904–1979 1967–1971 (none) 1971–1979 L. Johnson death
33 Shirley Hufstedler CA 1925– 1968–1979 (none) (none) L. Johnson Appointed U.S. Secretary of Education
34 Eugene Allen Wright WA 1913–2002 1969–1983 (none) 1983–2002 Nixon death
35 John Francis Kilkenny OR 1901–1995 1969–1971 (none) 1971–1995 Nixon death
36 Ozell Miller Trask AZ 1909–1984 1971–1984 (none) (none) Nixon death
37 Herbert Choy HI 1916–2004 1971–1984 (none) 1984–2004 Nixon death
41 Anthony Kennedy CA 1936– 1975–1988 (none) (none) Ford elevation to Supreme Court
42 J. Blaine Anderson ID 1922–1988 1976–1988 (none) (none) Ford death
44 Thomas Tang AZ 1922–1995 1977–1993 (none) 1993–1995 Carter death
52 Cecil F. Poole CA 1914–1997 1979–1996 (none) 1996–1997 Carter death
56 William Albert Norris CA 1927– 1980–1994 (none) 1994–1997 Carter retirement
60 Charles Edward Wiggins CA 1927–2000 1984–1996 (none) 1996–2000 Reagan death

Senior status is a form of semi-retirement for U.S. federal judges. ... Lorenzo Sawyer was the 9th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of California. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Joseph McKenna (August 10, 1843–November 21, 1926) was an American politician who served in all three branches of the U.S. federal government, as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives, as U.S. Attorney General and as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Benjamin Harrison (August 20, 1833 – March 13, 1901) was the 23rd President of the United States, serving one term from 1889 to 1893. ... Official language(s) None Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... Benjamin Harrison (August 20, 1833 – March 13, 1901) was the 23rd President of the United States, serving one term from 1889 to 1893. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Stephen Grover Cleveland (March 18, 1837 – June 24, 1908) was the 22nd (1885–1889) and 24th (1893–1897) President of the United States, and the only President to serve two non-consecutive terms. ... William W. Morrow (July 15, 1843–July 24, 1929) was a US Representative from California from 1885–1891. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... William McKinley, Jr. ... William Henry Hunt (November 5, 1857–February 4, 1949) was a state and federal judge and a territorial governor of Puerto Rico. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Official language(s) None Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,824 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... Warren Gamaliel Harding (November 2, 1865 - August 2, 1923) was an American politician and the 29th President of the United States, from 1921 to 1923, when he became the sixth president to die in office. ... Official language(s) None Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... John Calvin Coolidge, Jr. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... John Calvin Coolidge, Jr. ... The 43rd Secretary of the Navy, Curtis Dwight Wilbur, (10 May 1867–8 September 1954) was born in Boonesboro, Iowa. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964), the 31st President of the United States (1929-1933), was a world-famous mining engineer and humanitarian administrator. ... William Henry Sawtelle (August 27, 1868-December 17, 1934) served as Judge of U.S. District Court for Arizona between 1913 and 1931. ... It has been suggested that Arizona Governors Mansion be merged into this article or section. ... Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964), the 31st President of the United States (1929-1933), was a world-famous mining engineer and humanitarian administrator. ... Official language(s) None Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,824 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... FDR redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... FDR redirects here. ... It has been suggested that Arizona Governors Mansion be merged into this article or section. ... FDR redirects here. ... Official language(s) None Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... FDR redirects here. ... Albert Lee Stephens, Sr. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... FDR redirects here. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... FDR redirects here. ... Homer Truett Bone (January 25, 1883–March 11, 1970) was a Democratic Senator from Washington from 1933-1944. ... Official language(s) None Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,824 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... FDR redirects here. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884–December 26, 1972) was the thirty-third President of the United States (1945–1953); as Vice President, he succeeded to the office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884–December 26, 1972) was the thirty-third President of the United States (1945–1953); as Vice President, he succeeded to the office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This page is about Dwight D. Eisenhower. ... It has been suggested that Arizona Governors Mansion be merged into this article or section. ... This page is about Dwight D. Eisenhower. ... Official language(s) None Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... This page is about Dwight D. Eisenhower. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This page is about Dwight D. Eisenhower. ... Official language(s) None Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,824 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... This page is about Dwight D. Eisenhower. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This page is about Dwight D. Eisenhower. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This page is about Dwight D. Eisenhower. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... This page is about Dwight D. Eisenhower. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This page is about Dwight D. Eisenhower. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For other persons named John Kennedy, see John Kennedy (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908–January 22, 1973), often referred to as LBJ, was an American politician. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908–January 22, 1973), often referred to as LBJ, was an American politician. ... Shirley Mount Hufstedler (born August 24, 1925) was United States Secretary of Education under President Jimmy Carter. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908–January 22, 1973), often referred to as LBJ, was an American politician. ... Official language(s) None Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,824 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ... Official language(s) None Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ... It has been suggested that Arizona Governors Mansion be merged into this article or section. ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ... Judge Herbert Choy Herbert Young Cho Choy (born January 6, 1916, Makaweli, Hawaii–March 10, 2004) was the first Asian-American federal judge in the history of the United States. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Anthony Kennedy For other people of the same name, see Anthony Kennedy (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... 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This article is about the U.S. state. ... For other persons named Jimmy Carter, see Jimmy Carter (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For other persons named Jimmy Carter, see Jimmy Carter (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was the 40th President of the United States (1981–1989) and the 33rd Governor of California (1967–1975). ...

Chief judges

Chief Judge
Denman 1948–1957
Stephens 1957–1959
Pope 1959–1959
Chambers 1959–1976
Browning 1976–1988
Goodwin 1988–1991
Wallace 1991–1996
Hug 1996–2000
Schroeder 2000–present

In order to qualify for the office of Chief Judge, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as Chief Judge. A vacancy in the office of Chief Judge is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The Chief Judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position. Unlike the Chief Justice of the United States, a Chief Judge returns to active service after the expiration of his or her term and does not create a vacancy on the bench by the fact of his or her promotion. See 28 U.S.C. § 45. The Chief Justice of the United States is the head of the judicial branch of the government of the United States, and presides over the Supreme Court of the United States. ... The United States Code (U.S.C.) is a compilation and codification of the general and permanent federal law of the United States. ...


The above rules have applied since October 1, 1982. The office of Chief Judge was created in 1948 and until August 6, 1959 was filled by the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as Chief Judge. From then until 1982 it was filled by the senior such judge who had not turned 70.
October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 6 is the 218th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (219th in leap years), with 147 days remaining. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Senior status is a form of semi-retirement for U.S. federal judges. ...


Succession of seats

The court has 28 seats for active judges, numbered in the order in which they were filled. Judges who retire into senior status remain on the bench but leave their seat vacant. That seat is filled by the next circuit judge appointed by the President. Senior status is a form of semi-retirement for U.S. federal judges. ... The presidential seal was used by President Hayes in 1880 and last modified in 1959 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii. ...

Seat 1
Established on December 10, 1869 by the Judiciary Act of 1869 as a circuit judgeship for the Ninth Circuit
Reassigned to the United States Circuit Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit by the Judiciary Act of 1891
Sawyer CA 1891–1891
McKenna CA 1892–1897
Morrow CA 1897–1923
Rudkin WA 1923–1931
Garrecht WA 1933–1948
Pope MT 1949–1961
Browning DC 1961–2000
Ikuta CA 2006–present
Seat 2
Established on June 16, 1891 by the Judiciary Act of 1891
Gilbert OR 1892–1931
Denman CA 1935–1957
Hamlin CA 1958–1963
Ely CA 1964–1979
Norris CA 1980–1994
W. Fletcher CA 1998–present
Seat 3
Established on February 18, 1895 by 28 Stat. 665
Ross CA 1895–1925
McCamant OR 1925–1926
Dietrich ID 1927–1930
Sawtelle AZ 1931–1934
Mathews AZ 1935–1953
Fee OR 1954–1959
Koelsch ID 1959–1976
Anderson ID 1976–1988
T. Nelson ID 1990–2003
(vacant) (n/a) 2003–present
Seat 4
Established as a temporary judgeship on March 1, 1929 by 45 Stat. 1414
Made permanent on June 16, 1933 by 48 Stat. 310
Wilbur CA 1929–1945
Orr NV 1945–1956
Barnes CA 1956–1970
Choy HI 1971–1984
Brunetti NV 1985–1999
Rawlinson NV 2000–present
Seat 5
Established on August 2, 1935 by 49 Stat. 508
Haney OR 1935–1943
Bone WA 1944–1956
Hamley WA 1956–1971
Sneed CA 1973–1987
Trott ID 1988–2004
(vacant) (n/a) 2004–present
Seat 6
Established on April 14, 1937 by 50 Stat. 64
Stephens CA 1937–1961
Duniway CA 1961–1976
Hug NV 1977–2002
Bybee NV 2003–present
Seat 7
Established on April 14, 1937 by 50 Stat. 64
Healy ID 1937–1958
Merrill NV 1959–1974
Kennedy CA 1975–1988
Rymer CA 1989–present
Seat 8
Established on February 10, 1954 by 68 Stat. 871
Lemmon CA 1954–1958
Jertberg CA 1958–1967
Carter CA 1967–1971
Wallace CA 1972–1996
Wardlaw CA 1998–present
Seat 9
Established on February 10, 1954 by 68 Stat. 871
Chambers AZ 1954–1976
Tang AZ 1977–1993
Hawkins AZ 1994–present
Seat 10
Established on June 18, 1968 by 82 Stat. 184
Hufstedler CA 1968–1979
Boochever AK 1980–1986
O'Scannlain OR 1986–present
Seat 11
Established on June 18, 1968 by 82 Stat. 184
Wright WA 1969–1983
Beezer WA 1984–1996
Gould WA 1999–present
Seat 12
Established on June 18, 1968 by 82 Stat. 184
Kilkenny OR 1969–1971
Goodwin OR 1971–1991
Kleinfeld AK 1991–present
Seat 13
Established on June 18, 1968 by 82 Stat. 184
Trask AZ 1969–1979
Canby AZ 1980–1996
Silverman AZ 1998–present
Seat 14
Established on October 20, 1978 by 92 Stat. 1629
B. Fletcher WA 1979–1998
Tallman WA 2000–present
Seat 15
Established on October 20, 1978 by 92 Stat. 1629
Schroeder AZ 1979–present
Seat 16
Established on October 20, 1978 by 92 Stat. 1629
Skopil OR 1979–1986
Leavy OR 1987–1997
Graber OR 1998–present
Seat 17
Established on October 20, 1978 by 92 Stat. 1629
Farris WA 1979–1995
McKeown WA 1998–present
Seat 18
Established on October 20, 1978 by 92 Stat. 1629
Alarcon CA 1979–1992
Tashima CA 1996–2004
Smith CA 2006–present
Seat 19
Established on October 20, 1978 by 92 Stat. 1629
Pregerson CA 1979–present
Seat 20
Established on October 20, 1978 by 92 Stat. 1629
Ferguson CA 1979–1986
Fernandez CA 1989–2002
Callahan CA 2003–present
Seat 21
Established on October 20, 1978 by 92 Stat. 1629
Poole CA 1979–1996
Paez CA 2000–present
Seat 22
Established on October 20, 1978 by 92 Stat. 1629
D. Nelson CA 1979–1995
Thomas MT 1996–present
Seat 23
Established on October 20, 1978 by 92 Stat. 1629
Reinhardt CA 1980–present
Seat 24
Established on July 10, 1984 by 98 Stat. 333
Hall CA 1984–1997
Clifton HI 2002–present
Seat 25
Established on July 10, 1984 by 98 Stat. 333
Wiggins NV 1984–1996
Bea CA 2003–present
Seat 26
Established on July 10, 1984 by 98 Stat. 333
Kozinski DC 1985–present
Seat 27
Established on July 10, 1984 by 98 Stat. 333
Noonan CA 1985–1996
Berzon CA 2000–present
Seat 28
Established on July 10, 1984 by 98 Stat. 333
Thompson CA 1985–1998
Fisher CA 1999–present

December 10 is the 344th day (345th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, 21 days before the next year. ... 1869 (MDCCCLXIX) is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... This page is about Judiciary Acts in the United States of America. ... This page is about Judiciary Acts in the United States of America. ... June 16 is the 167th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (168th in leap years), with 198 days remaining. ... 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... This page is about Judiciary Acts in the United States of America. ... February 18 is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... March 1 is the 60th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (61st in leap years). ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... June 16 is the 167th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (168th in leap years), with 198 days remaining. ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... August 2 is the 214th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (215th in leap years), with 151 days remaining. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... April 14 is the 104th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (105th in leap years). ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... April 14 is the 104th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (105th in leap years). ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... February 10 is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... February 10 is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 18 is the 169th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (170th in leap years), with 196 days remaining. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... June 18 is the 169th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (170th in leap years), with 196 days remaining. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... June 18 is the 169th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (170th in leap years), with 196 days remaining. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... June 18 is the 169th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (170th in leap years), with 196 days remaining. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... October 20 is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 72 days remaining. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... October 20 is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 72 days remaining. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... October 20 is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 72 days remaining. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... October 20 is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 72 days remaining. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... October 20 is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 72 days remaining. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... October 20 is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 72 days remaining. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... October 20 is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 72 days remaining. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... October 20 is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 72 days remaining. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... October 20 is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 72 days remaining. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... October 20 is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 72 days remaining. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... July 10 is the 191st day (192nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 174 days remaining. ... This article is about the year 1984. ... July 10 is the 191st day (192nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 174 days remaining. ... This article is about the year 1984. ... July 10 is the 191st day (192nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 174 days remaining. ... This article is about the year 1984. ... July 10 is the 191st day (192nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 174 days remaining. ... This article is about the year 1984. ... July 10 is the 191st day (192nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 174 days remaining. ... This article is about the year 1984. ...

See also

The appointment of federal judges has become viewed as a political process in the last several decades. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Kleinfeld, Andrew J. (1998-05-22). Memo to the Commission on Structural Alternatives for the Federal Courts of Appeals. URL accessed on June 21, 2005.
  2. ^ See Federal judicial appointment history#Partisan mix of the circuit courts.
  3. ^ Chemerinsky, Erwin (Fall 2003). "The Myth of the Liberal Ninth Circuit" (PDF). Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review 37 (1). Retrieved on 2006-06-06.
  4. ^ Limbaugh, Rush (2006-04-21). Limbaugh Legal Division: 9th Circus Rules in Favor of "The Offended" (subscription only). Official website of The Rush Limbaugh Show'. Premiere Radio Networks. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  5. ^ O'Scannlain, Diarmuid (October 2005). "Ten Reasons Why the Ninth Circuit Should Be Split" (PDF). Engage 6 (2): 58–64. Retrieved on 2006-05-29.
  6. ^ Statement of Circuit Judge Alex Kozinski to the House Judiciary Subcommittee on Courts (PDF). The Federal Bar Association (2003-10-21). Retrieved on 2006-06-06.
  7. ^ Schroeder, Mary M.; et al. (April 2006). "A Court United: A Statement of a Number of Ninth Circuit Judges" (PDF). Engage 7 (1): 63–66. Retrieved on 2006-06-06.
  8. ^ Technically speaking, Ikuta was not a member of the Court until she took the oath of office, a date which Wikipedia does not have.
  9. ^ The White House (2003-05-15). Nominations Sent to the Senate. Press release. Retrieved on 2006-03-18.
  10. ^ The White House (2005-02-14). Nominations Sent to the Senate. Press release. Retrieved on 2006-03-18.
  11. ^ [http://www.ca9.uscourts.gov/ca9/Documents.nsf/54dbe3fb372dcb6c88256ce50065fcb8/030d4ce3dcac374588257228006fae85/$FILE/Renominated1106.pdf
  12. ^ The White House (2005-12-16). Nominations Sent to the Senate. Press release. Retrieved on 2006-03-18.
  13. ^ [http://www.ca9.uscourts.gov/ca9/Documents.nsf/54dbe3fb372dcb6c88256ce50065fcb8/030d4ce3dcac374588257228006fae85/$FILE/Renominated1106.pdf
  14. ^ Sawyer was appointed as a circuit judge for the Ninth Circuit in 1869 by Ulysses S. Grant. The Judiciary Act of 1891 reassigned his seat to what is now the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.
  15. ^ Hunt did not have a permanent seat on this court. Instead, he was appointed to the ill-fated United States Commerce Court in 1911 by William Howard Taft. Aside from their duties on the Commerce Court, the judges of the Commerce Court also acted as at-large appellate judges, able to be assigned by the Chief Justice of the United States to whichever circuit most needed help. Hunt was assigned to the Ninth Circuit upon his commission.
  16. ^ Recess appointment.

1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... May 22 is the 142nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (143rd in leap years). ... June 21 is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 193 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The appointment of federal judges has become viewed as a political process in the last several decades. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 208 days remaining // 1508 - Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, is defeated in Friulia by Venetian forces; he is forced to sign a three-year truce and cede several territories to Venice 1513... Rush Hudson Limbaugh III (born January 12, 1951) is an American radio talk show host. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 5 is the 156th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (157th in leap years), with 209 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 29 is the 149th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (150th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 208 days remaining // 1508 - Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, is defeated in Friulia by Venetian forces; he is forced to sign a three-year truce and cede several territories to Venice 1513... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 208 days remaining // 1508 - Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, is defeated in Friulia by Venetian forces; he is forced to sign a three-year truce and cede several territories to Venice 1513... This page is about the official residence of the President of the USA. For other White Houses see White House (disambiguation). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 15 is the 135th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (136th in leap years). ... A news release, press release or press statement is a written or recorded communication directed at members of the news media for the purpose of announcing something claimed as having news value. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 18 is the 77th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (78th in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... A news release, press release or press statement is a written or recorded communication directed at members of the news media for the purpose of announcing something claimed as having news value. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 18 is the 77th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (78th in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 16 is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... A news release, press release or press statement is a written or recorded communication directed at members of the news media for the purpose of announcing something claimed as having news value. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 18 is the 77th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (78th in leap years). ... The United States Courts of Appeals (or circuit courts) are the mid-level appellate courts of the United States federal court system. ... 1869 (MDCCCLXIX) is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Ulysses S. Grant[1] (born Hiram Ulysses Grant, April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was an American general and politician who was elected as the 18th President of the United States (1869–1877). ... This page is about Judiciary Acts in the United States of America. ... The Commerce Court of the United States was a brief-lived federal trial court. ... 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... William Howard Taft (September 15, 1857 – March 8, 1930) was an American politician, the 27th President of the United States, the 10th Chief Justice of the United States, a leader of the progressive conservative wing of the Republican Party in the early twentieth century, a chaired professor at Yale Law... The Chief Justice of the United States is the head of the judicial branch of the government of the United States, and presides over the Supreme Court of the United States. ...

External links

Navigation

United States courts of appeals

1st Circuit | 2nd Circuit | 3rd Circuit | 4th Circuit | 5th Circuit | 6th Circuit | 7th Circuit | 8th Circuit | 9th Circuit | 10th Circuit | 11th Circuit | DC Circuit | Federal Circuit The United States Courts of Appeals (or circuit courts) are the mid-level appellate courts of the United States federal court system. ... Image File history File links US_Court_of_Appeals_and_District_Court_map. ... The United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the following United States District Courts: District of Maine District of Massachusetts District of New Hampshire District of Puerto Rico District of Rhode Island The court is based at the John Joseph... The United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts: District of Connecticut Northern, Southern, Eastern, and Western Districts of New York District of Vermont The Second Circuit hears argument at the Thurgood Marshall U... The United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the following United States District Courts: District of Delaware District of New Jersey Western, Middle, and Eastern Districts of Pennsylvania District of the United States Virgin Islands The court is based at... The United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts: District of Maryland Eastern District of North Carolina Middle District of North Carolina Western District of North Carolina District of South Carolina Eastern District of... The United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the following United States District Courts: Western, Middle, and Eastern Districts of Louisiana Northern and Southern Districts of Mississippi Western, Eastern, Northern, and Southern Districts of Texas The court is based at... The United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts: Western and Eastern Districts of Kentucky Western and Eastern Districts of Michigan Northern and Southern Districts of Ohio Western, Middle, and Eastern Districts of Tennessee... The United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the courts in the following districts: Central District of Illinois Northern District of Illinois Southern District of Illinois Northern District of Indiana Southern District of Indiana Eastern District of Wisconsin Western District... The United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the following United States district courts: Eastern and Western Districts of Arkansas Northern and Southern Districts of Iowa District of Minnesota Eastern and Western Districts of Missouri District of Nebraska District of... The United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the following United States district courts: District of Colorado District of Kansas District of New Mexico Eastern, Northern, and Western Districts of Oklahoma District of Utah District of Wyoming These districts were... The United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the following United States district courts: Northern, Middle, and Southern Districts of Alabama Northern, Middle, and Southern Districts of Florida Northern, Middle, and Southern Districts of Georgia These districts were originally part... The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, known informally as the D.C. Circuit, is the federal appellate court for the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia. ... The United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, or simply the Federal Circuit, was founded in 1982 to combine similar federal cases to a specialized appellate court. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2787 words)
CA, ID, MT, NV, OR, WA The large size of the current court is due to the fact that both the population of the western states and the geographic jurisdiction of the Ninth Circuit have increased dramatically since Congress, in 1891, created the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.
Critics of the Ninth Circuit denounce the court on two fronts: first, that it is overwhelmingly politically liberal and out of step with Supreme Court precedent, and second, that the large size of the court impedes effective court administration and increases the risk of intracircuit splits on important issues of law.
Rehnquist and O'Connor disagreed with the Ninth Circuit's interpretation of the precedent.
Schmier v. United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit (2816 words)
UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT and JUDICIAL COUNCIL OF THE NINTH CIRCUIT, Defendants-Appellees.
Circuit Rule 36-3 essentially states that neither parties nor courts in the Ninth Circuit may cite to an unpublished disposition as precedent, though they may cite to unpublished dispositions for purposes of establishing, e.g.
On appeal, Schmier argues (as he did before the district court) that he established standing at the pleading stage of this suit because the Circuit Rules at issue "deny [him] the concrete body of law upon which to base the opinions he is asked to give in the course of his trade" as a lawyer.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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