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Encyclopedia > United States Copyright Office

The United States Copyright Office, a part of the Library of Congress, is the official U.S. government body that maintains records of copyright registration in the United States. It is used by copyright title seachers who are attempting to clear a chain of title for copyrighted works including audio recordings such as released and Unreleased Madonna Songs. Library of Congress, Jefferson building The Library of Congress is the unofficial national library of the United States. ... For copyright issues in relation to Wikipedia itself, see Wikipedia:Copyrights. ... A chain of title is the sequence of historical transfers of title to a property. ... Promotional picture for the Madonna 2004 Re-Invention Tour. ...


The head of the Copyright Office is called the "Register of Copyrights." The current register is Marybeth Peters, who has held the office since 1994.


The Functions of the Copyright Office

The mission of the Copyright Office is to promote creativity by administering and sustaining an effective national copyright system. While the purpose of the copyright system has always been to promote creativity in society, the functions of the Copyright Office have grown to include the following:


Administering the copyright law


The Office examines all applications and deposits presented for registration of original and renewal copyright claims to determine their accepŌĂtability for registration under the provisions of the copyright law. The Office also records documents related to copyright ownership.


The Copyright Office records the bibliographic descriptions and the copyright facts of all works registered. The archives maintained by the Copyright Office are an important record of America’s cultural and historical heritage. Containing nearly 45 million individual cards, the Copyright Card Catalog housed in the James Madison Memorial Building comprises an index to copyright registrations in the United States from 1870 through 1977. Records after 1977 are maintained through an online database of more than 16 million entries.


As a service unit of the Library of Congress, the Copyright Office is part of the legislative branch of government. The Office provides copyright policy advice to Congress. At the request of Congress, the Copyright Office advises and assists the Congress in the development of national and international copyright policy; drafts legislation; and prepares technical studies on copyright-related matters.


Providing information services to the public


The Copyright Office provides public information and reference services concerning copyrights and recorded documents. The public can keep up on developments in the Copyright Office by subscribing to U.S. Copyright Office NewsNet, a free electronic mailing list that issues periodic email messages to alert subscribers to hearings, deadlines for comments, new and proposed regulations, new publications, and other copyright-related subjects of interest. Subscribe on the Copyright Office website.


Supporting the Library of Congress by obtaining and making available deposits for the Library’s collections


In 1870, Congress passed a law that centralized the copyright system in the Library of Congress. No legislation was more important to the development of the Library than that law, which required all authors to deposit in the Library two copies of every book, pamphlet, map, print, and piece of music registered in the United States.


That partnership, created more than 130 years ago, has served the nation well. Supplying the information needs of the Congress, the Library of Congress has become the world’s largest library and the national library of America. This great repository of more than 126 million books, photographs, maps, films, documents, sound recordings, computer programs, and other items has been created largely through the operations of the copyright system, which brings deposits of every copyrighted work into the Library. In one recent year alone, the value of these deposits was more than $30 million.


Serving as a resource to the domestic and international copyright communities


The Copyright Office consults with interested copyright owners, industry and library representatives, bar associations, and other interested parties on issues related to the copyright law.


The Copyright Office promotes improved copyright protection for U.S. creative works abroad through its International Copyright Institute. Created within the Copyright Office by Congress in 1988, the International Copyright Institute provides training for high-level officials from developing and newly industrialized countries and encourages development of effective intellectual property laws and enforcement overseas.


Its website is also a good place to find information about new copyright relevant legislation and a list of designated agents under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) and the Online Copyright Infringement Liability Limitation Act (OCILLA) and information about Copyright Arbitration Royalty Panel (CARP) system of ad hoc copyright royalty arbitrators. Wikipedias designated agent can be found at Wikipedia:Designated agent. ... The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) is a controversial United States copyright law. ... The Online Copyright Infringement Liability Limitation Act (OCILLA), a portion of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act known as DMCA 512 or the DMCA takedown provisions, is a 1998 US law that provided a safe harbor to online service providers (OSPs, including ISPs) that promptly take down content if someone alleges...


External link

  • The United States Copyright Office

  Results from FactBites:
 
United States copyright law - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1234 words)
Copyrights currently last for seventy years after the death of an author, or seventy-five to ninety-five years in the case of works of corporate authorship and works first published before January 1, 1978.
In the U.S., copyright law is administered by the United States Copyright Office, a part of the Library of Congress.
Copyright protection under this title is not available for any work of the United States Government, but the United States Government is not precluded from receiving and holding copyrights transferred to it by assignment, bequest, or otherwise.
U.S. Copyright Office - Copyright Basics (Circular 1) (7031 words)
Copyright in each separate contribution to a periodical or other collective work is distinct from copyright in the collective work as a whole and vests initially with the author of the contribution.
Copyright is a personal property right, and it is subject to the various state laws and regulations that govern the ownership, inheritance, or transfer of personal property as well as terms of contracts or conduct of business.
Copyright Office records in machine-readable form cataloged from January 1, 1978, to the present, including registration and renewal information and recorded documents, are now available for searching from the Copyright Office website at www.copyright.gov.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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