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Encyclopedia > United States Congressional apportionment
US Congressional apportionment for states in 2000
US Congressional apportionment for states in 2000

The membership of the United States House of Representatives changes each decade following the decennial United States Census. Each state is apportioned a number of members of Congress based upon its population. This number also determines the state's number of electors in presidential elections, which equals the size of their congressional delegation (House plus Senate). Image File history File links Download high resolution version (960x590, 31 KB) Summary as listed on wikipedia:United States Congressional apportionment Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: United States Congressional apportionment User:Astrokey44/maps/US ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (960x590, 31 KB) Summary as listed on wikipedia:United States Congressional apportionment Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: United States Congressional apportionment User:Astrokey44/maps/US ... The chamber of the United States House of Representatives is located in the south wing of the Capitol building, in Washington, D.C.. This photograph shows a rare glimpse of the four vote tallying boards (the blackish squares across the top), which display each members name and vote as... 1880 US Census of Hoboken, New Jersey The United States Census is mandated by the United States Constitution. ... Apportionment, or reapportionment, is the process of determining representation in politics within a legislative body by creating constituencies. ... The United States Electoral College is the electoral college that chooses the President and Vice President of the United States at the conclusion of each Presidential election. ...

Contents


House size

Ratio of representation in the House
1789–1793 as by the U.S. Constitution 30,000
1793–1803 based on the U.S. Census of 1790 30,000
1803–1813 based on the U.S. Census of 1800 33,000
1813–1823 based on the U.S. Census of 1810 35,000
1823–1833 based on the U.S. Census of 1820 40,000
1833–1843 based on the U.S. Census of 1830 47,700
1843–1853 based on the U.S. Census of 1840 70,680
1853–1863 based on the U.S. Census of 1850 93,425
1863–1873 based on the U.S. Census of 1860 127,381
1873–1883 based on the U.S. Census of 1870 131,425
1883–1893 based on the U.S. Census of 1880 151,912
1893–1903 based on the U.S. Census of 1890 173,901
1903–1913 based on the U.S. Census of 1900 194,182
1913–1923 based on the U.S. Census of 1910 212,407

The United States Constitution requires that The U.S. Census is mandated by the United States Constitution. ... The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States of America. ...

The number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty thousand, but each state shall have at least one Representative (Article I, Section 2, Paragraph 3)

Prior to the twentieth century, the number of representatives increased every decade as more states joined the union, and the population increased. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s The 20th century lasted from 1901 to 2000 in the Gregorian calendar (often from (1900 to 1999 in common usage). ...


In 1911, Public Law 62-5 set the membership of the U.S. House at 433; with the subsequent admission of Arizona and New Mexico as states, membership increased to 435, where it has remained (except for a brief period from 1959 to 1963 following the admission of Alaska and Hawaii, during which House membership was 437). If the ratio as specified by the Constitution of one representative for every 30,000 people were maintained today, the House of Representatives would have about 9,500 members. On August 8, 1911, Public Law 62-5 set the number of representatives in the House of Representatives at 435 but the law didnt take effect until 1913. ... Official language(s) None Capital Phoenix Largest city Phoenix Area  - Total   - Width   - Length    - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 6th 113,998 sq mi  295,254 km² 310 miles  500 km 400 miles  645 km 0. ... Official language(s) None; English and Spanish de facto Capital Santa Fe Largest city Albuquerque Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 5th 315,194 km² 550 km 595 km 0. ... Official language(s) English Capital Juneau Largest city Anchorage Area  - Total   - Width   - Length    - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 1st 663,267 sq mi  1,717,854 km² 808 miles  1,300 km 1,479 miles  2,380 km 13. ... Official language(s) Hawaiian and English Capital Honolulu Largest city Honolulu Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 43rd 28,337 km² n/a km 2,450 km 41. ... House of Representatives is a name used for legislative bodies in many countries. ...


Apportionment methods

Apart from the fact that the number of delegates is at least 1 for each state, as required by the Constitution, this number is in principle proportional to population (equalizing the size of congressional districts nationwide). To arrive at whole numbers, the Method of Equal Proportions is used. The method first assigns one seat to each state, and then assigns each additional seat successively to the state with the highest "priority value", a value for the population per seat. For the latter the question would arise whether the current number of seats or one more should be taken. This is solved by taking an intermediate value, the geometric mean of the two. The resulting priority value is the geometric mean of the current population per seat and the population per seat in the case the state gets the extra seat. The geometric mean of a set of positive data is defined as the nth root of the product of all the members of the set, where n is the number of members. ...


Computing for every state and any number of seats the priority value, and sorting the list in descending order of the resulting values, the first 385 are applicable (seats 51-435) (see Census 2000 Ranking of Priority Values).


The Equal Proportions method has been the fifth distinct method of determining congressional apportionment since the adoption of the United States Constitution. The size of the Congressional delegations from the thirteen original states were assigned by the Constitution for use until the completion of the first U.S. Census. Legislation admitting new states into the union has also designated the number of representatives of states until the time of the next census. The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States of America. ...


The Equal Proportions Method

Reapportionment of the United States House of Representatives (the lower house of the U.S. Congress) occurs every year ending in "1", the year after the U.S. Census Bureau performs the decennial census mandated by the U.S. Constitution. Once seats have been reapportioned to the various states, each state creates districts of approximately equal population, a process called redistricting. The chamber of the United States House of Representatives is located in the south wing of the Capitol building, in Washington, D.C.. This photograph shows a rare glimpse of the four vote tallying boards (the blackish squares across the top), which display each members name and vote as... Congress in Joint Session. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Page I of the Constitution of the United States of America Page II of the United States Constitution Page III of the United States Constitution Page IV of the United States Constitution The Syng inkstand, with which the Constitution was signed The Constitution of the United States is the supreme... The process known as redistricting in the United States and redistribution in many Commonwealth countries is the changing of political borders (in many countries, specifically the electoral district/constituency boundaries) usually in response to periodic census results. ...


The United States authorizes there to be 435 members of Congress to be divided up between the 50 states. The seats are "apportioned" out to each state. Apportionment is done each time a new census is taken and they figure out how many people live in a particular state. So the total number of representatives is 435, and they are apportioned out to each state based on the state's population.


Apportionment is done through the Equal Proportions Method.


First, each state is automatically guaranteed at least one seat in Congress. That means there are a total of 385 seats left to hand out.


The remaining seats are handed out one at a time, to the state that "deserves" another seat the most. Thus, the 51st seat always goes to the largest state (currently California).


Now who gets the 52nd? We need to somehow take into acount the fact that California already has a second seat, and so "deserves" a third one less. That is, we need a mathematical formula that expresses the priority formula that a state should have for getting another seat.


The formula used by the method of equal proportions is

where P is the population of the state, and n is the number of seats it currently has.


When all states have 1 seat, the largest value of A corresponds to the largest state. But now that California has 2 seats, its priority value decreases, and it has to take a step back in line. The 52nd seat goes to Texas, the 2nd largest state, but the 53rd goes back to California, and so on until all the seats have been handed out. Each time a state gets a seat, its priority drops and another state comes to the top of the list.


The Census 2000 Ranking of Priority Values (see link above) shows the order in which seats 51-435 were apportioned after the 2000 Census, with additional listings for the next five priorities. North Carolina was allocated the final (435th) seat. Utah (priority list 436) missed a fourth seat by only 857 residents. Legal action by Utah to amend the results, citing irregularities in North Carolina and undercounting of Utah's overseas population, was unsuccessful. Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 28th 139,509 km² 805 km 240 km 9. ... Official language(s) English Capital Salt Lake City Largest city Salt Lake City Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 13th 219,887 km² 435 km 565 km 3. ...


State Congressional Delegation Size

1789-1910

  1789 1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910
Alabama -- -- -- 1 3 5 7 7 6 8 8 9 10 10
Arizona -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 1
Arkansas -- -- -- -- -- 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7
California -- -- -- -- -- -- 2 2 3 4 6 7 8 11
Colorado -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 1 1 2 3 4
Connecticut 5 7 7 7 6 6 6 4 4 4 4 4 5 5
Delaware 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Florida -- -- -- -- -- -- 1 1 1 2 2 2 3 4
Georgia 3 2 4 6 7 9 8 8 7 9 10 11 11 12
Idaho -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 1 1 1 2
Illinois -- -- -- 1 1 3 7 9 14 19 20 22 25 27
Indiana -- -- -- 1 3 7 10 11 11 13 13 13 13 13
Iowa -- -- -- -- -- -- 1 2 6 9 11 11 11 11
Kansas -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 1 3 7 8 8 8
Kentucky -- 2 6 10 12 13 10 10 9 10 11 11 11 11
Louisiana -- -- -- 1 3 3 4 4 5 6 6 6 7 8
Maine -- -- -- 7* 7 8 7 6 5 5 4 4 4 4
Maryland 6 8 9 9 9 8 6 6 5 6 6 6 6 6
Massachusetts 8 14 17 13* 13 12 10 11 10 11 12 13 14 16
Michigan -- -- -- -- -- 1 3 4 6 9 11 12 12 13
Minnesota -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 1 2 3 5 7 9 10
Mississippi -- -- -- 1 1 2 4 5 5 6 7 7 8 8
Missouri -- -- -- -- 1 2 5 7 9 13 14 15 16 16
  1789 1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910
Montana -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 1 1 1 2
Nebraska -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 1 1 3 6 6 6
Nevada -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 1 1 1 1 1 1
New Hampshire 3 4 5 6 6 5 4 3 3 3 2 2 2 2
New Jersey 4 5 6 6 6 6 5 5 5 7 7 8 10 12
New Mexico -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 1
New York 6 10 17 27 34 40 34 33 31 33 34 34 37 43
North Carolina 5 10 12 13 13 13 9 8 7 8 9 9 10 10
North Dakota -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 1 1 2 3
Ohio -- -- 1 6 14 19 21 21 19 20 21 21 21 22
Oklahoma -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 5 8
Oregon -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 1 1 1 1 2 2 3
Pennsylvania 8 13 18 23 26 28 24 25 24 27 28 30 32 36
Rhode Island 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3
South Carolina 5 6 8 9 9 9 7 6 4 5 7 7 7 7
South Dakota -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2 2 2 3
Tennessee -- 1 3 6 9 13 11 10 8 10 10 10 10 10
Texas -- -- -- -- -- -- 2 2 4 6 11 13 16 18
Utah -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 1 1 2
Vermont -- 2 4 6 5 5 4 3 3 3 2 2 2 2
Virginia 10 19 22 23 22 21 15 13 11 9** 10 10 10 10
Washington -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 1 2 3 5
West Virginia -- -- -- - -- -- -- -- -- 3** 4 4 5 6
Wisconsin -- -- -- -- -- -- 2 3 6 8 9 10 11 11
Wyoming -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 1 1 1 1
  1789 1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910
U.S. House Total: 65 106 142 186 213 242 232 237 243 293 332 357 391 435

The United States Census of 1790 was the first Census conducted in the United States. ... The United States Census of 1800 was the second Census conducted in the United States. ... The United States Census of 1810 was the third Census conducted in the United States. ... The United States Census of 1820 was the fourth Census conducted in the United States. ... The United States Census of 1830 was the fifth Census conducted in the United States. ... The Sixth Census of the United States, conducted by the Bureau of the Census, determined the resident population of the United States to be 17,069,453 — an increase of 32. ... The Seventh Census of the United States, conducted by the Bureau of the Census, determined the resident population of the United States to be 23,191,876 — an increase of 35. ... The United States Census of 1860 was the eighth Census conducted in the United States. ... The Ninth United States Census was taken in 1870. ... The Tenth United States Census was taken in 1880. ... The Eleventh United States Census was taken June 1, 1890. ... The Twelfth United States Census was taken in 1900. ... The Thirteenth United States Census was taken in 1910. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Alabama to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Arizona to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Arkansas to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... It has been suggested that List of United States Senators from California be merged into this article or section. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Colorado to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Connecticut to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Delaware to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Florida to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Idaho to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Illinois to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Indiana to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Iowa to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Kansas to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Kentucky to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Louisiana to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Maine to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Maryland to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Massachusetts to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Michigan to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Minnesota to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Mississippi to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Missouri to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... The United States Census of 1790 was the first Census conducted in the United States. ... The United States Census of 1800 was the second Census conducted in the United States. ... The United States Census of 1810 was the third Census conducted in the United States. ... The United States Census of 1820 was the fourth Census conducted in the United States. ... The United States Census of 1830 was the fifth Census conducted in the United States. ... The Sixth Census of the United States, conducted by the Bureau of the Census, determined the resident population of the United States to be 17,069,453 — an increase of 32. ... The Seventh Census of the United States, conducted by the Bureau of the Census, determined the resident population of the United States to be 23,191,876 — an increase of 35. ... The United States Census of 1860 was the eighth Census conducted in the United States. ... The Ninth United States Census was taken in 1870. ... The Tenth United States Census was taken in 1880. ... The Eleventh United States Census was taken June 1, 1890. ... The Twelfth United States Census was taken in 1900. ... The Thirteenth United States Census was taken in 1910. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Montana to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Nebraska to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Nevada to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from New Hampshire to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from New Jersey to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from New Mexico to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from New York to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... United States Senate House of Representatives Note: * designates those Congresses in which representates were elected from the state at large, rather than by district. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from North Dakota to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... As a state, Ohio sends two senators to the United States Senate and a certain number of representatives to the United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Oklahoma to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Oregon to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... Map of Pennsylvania, depicting its congressional districts since the 108th Congress. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Rhode Island to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from South Carolina to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from South Dakota to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Tennessee to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Texas to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Utah to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Vermont to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Virginia to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Washington to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from West Virginia to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Wisconsin to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of members from Wyoming of the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... The United States Census of 1790 was the first Census conducted in the United States. ... The United States Census of 1800 was the second Census conducted in the United States. ... The United States Census of 1810 was the third Census conducted in the United States. ... The United States Census of 1820 was the fourth Census conducted in the United States. ... The United States Census of 1830 was the fifth Census conducted in the United States. ... The Sixth Census of the United States, conducted by the Bureau of the Census, determined the resident population of the United States to be 17,069,453 — an increase of 32. ... The Seventh Census of the United States, conducted by the Bureau of the Census, determined the resident population of the United States to be 23,191,876 — an increase of 35. ... The United States Census of 1860 was the eighth Census conducted in the United States. ... The Ninth United States Census was taken in 1870. ... The Tenth United States Census was taken in 1880. ... The Eleventh United States Census was taken June 1, 1890. ... The Twelfth United States Census was taken in 1900. ... The Thirteenth United States Census was taken in 1910. ...

1920-present

  1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
Alabama 10 9 9 9 8 7 7 7 7
Alaska -- -- -- 1 1 1 1 1 1
Arizona 1 1 2 2 3 4 5 6 8
Arkansas 7 7 7 6 4 4 4 4 4
California 11 20 23 30 38 43 45 52 53
Colorado 4 4 4 4 4 5 6 6 7
Connecticut 5 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 5
Delaware 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Florida 4 5 6 8 12 15 19 23 25
Georgia 12 10 10 10 10 10 10 11 13
Hawaii -- -- -- 1 2 2 2 2 2
Idaho 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Illinois 27 27 26 25 24 24 22 20 19
Indiana 13 12 11 11 11 11 10 10 9
Iowa 11 9 8 8 7 6 6 5 5
Kansas 8 7 6 6 5 5 5 4 4
Kentucky 11 9 9 8 7 7 7 6 6
Louisiana 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 7 7
Maine 4 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2
Maryland 6 6 6 7 8 8 8 8 8
Massachusetts 16 15 14 14 12 12 11 10 10
Michigan 13 17 17 18 19 19 18 16 15
Minnesota 10 9 9 9 8 8 8 8 8
Mississippi 8 7 7 6 5 5 5 5 4
Missouri 16 13 13 11 10 10 9 9 9
  1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
Montana 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1
Nebraska 6 5 4 4 3 3 3 3 3
Nevada 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 3
New Hampshire 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
New Jersey 12 14 14 14 15 15 14 13 13
New Mexico 1 1 2 2 2 2 3 3 3
New York 43 45 45 43 41 39 34 31 29
North Carolina 10 11 12 12 11 11 11 12 13
North Dakota 3 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1
Ohio 22 24 23 23 24 23 21 19 18
Oklahoma 8 9 8 6 6 6 6 6 5
Oregon 3 3 4 4 4 4 5 5 5
Pennsylvania 36 34 33 30 27 25 23 21 19
Rhode Island 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
South Carolina 7 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6
South Dakota 3 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1
Tennessee 10 9 10 9 9 8 9 9 9
Texas 18 21 21 22 23 24 27 30 32
Utah 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3
Vermont 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Virginia 10 9 9 10 10 10 10 11 11
Washington 5 6 6 7 7 7 8 9 9
West Virginia 6 6 6 6 5 4 4 3 3
Wisconsin 11 10 10 10 10 9 9 9 8
Wyoming 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
  1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000

The Fourteenth United States Census was taken in 1920. ... The Fifteenth United States Census was taken in 1930. ... The Fifteenth United States Census was taken in 1940. ... The Seventeenth United States Census was taken in 1950. ... The Eighteenth United States Census was taken in 1960. ... The Nineteenth United States Census was taken in 1970. ... The Twetieth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,542,199, an increase of 11. ... The Twenty-first United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9. ... The 22nd United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Alabama to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Alaska to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Arizona to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Arkansas to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... It has been suggested that List of United States Senators from California be merged into this article or section. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Colorado to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Connecticut to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Delaware to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Florida to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Hawaii to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Idaho to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Illinois to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Indiana to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Iowa to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Kansas to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Kentucky to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Louisiana to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Maine to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Maryland to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Massachusetts to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Michigan to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Minnesota to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Mississippi to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Missouri to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... The Fourteenth United States Census was taken in 1920. ... The Fifteenth United States Census was taken in 1930. ... The Fifteenth United States Census was taken in 1940. ... The Seventeenth United States Census was taken in 1950. ... The Eighteenth United States Census was taken in 1960. ... The Nineteenth United States Census was taken in 1970. ... The Twetieth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,542,199, an increase of 11. ... The Twenty-first United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9. ... The 22nd United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Montana to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Nebraska to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Nevada to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from New Hampshire to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from New Jersey to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from New Mexico to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from New York to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... United States Senate House of Representatives Note: * designates those Congresses in which representates were elected from the state at large, rather than by district. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from North Dakota to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... As a state, Ohio sends two senators to the United States Senate and a certain number of representatives to the United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Oklahoma to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Oregon to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... Map of Pennsylvania, depicting its congressional districts since the 108th Congress. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Rhode Island to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from South Carolina to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from South Dakota to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Tennessee to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Texas to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Utah to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Vermont to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Virginia to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Washington to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from West Virginia to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Wisconsin to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... These are tables of members from Wyoming of the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... The Fourteenth United States Census was taken in 1920. ... The Fifteenth United States Census was taken in 1930. ... The Fifteenth United States Census was taken in 1940. ... The Seventeenth United States Census was taken in 1950. ... The Eighteenth United States Census was taken in 1960. ... The Nineteenth United States Census was taken in 1970. ... The Twetieth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,542,199, an increase of 11. ... The Twenty-first United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9. ... The 22nd United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ...

Notes

Delegate counts in italics represent temporary counts assigned by Congress until the next decennial census or by the U.S. Constitution in 1789 until the first U.S. Census.


Elections held in the year of a census use the apportionment determined by the previous census.


* The state of Maine was formed out of portions of Massachusetts in 1820. Official language(s) None Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 39th 86,542 km² 305 km 515 km 13. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 44th 10,555 mi²; 27,360 km² 183 mi; 295 km 113 mi; 182 km 13. ... 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


** The state of West Virginia was formed out of portions of Virginia in 1863. Official language(s) English Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 41st 62,809 km² 210 km 385 km 0. ... Official language(s) English Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 35th 110,862 km² 320 km 690 km 7. ... 1863 (MDCCCLXIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar). ...


See also

The United States Electoral College is the electoral college that chooses the President and Vice President of the United States at the conclusion of each Presidential election. ... Congress in Joint Session. ... The chamber of the United States House of Representatives is located in the south wing of the Capitol building, in Washington, D.C.. This photograph shows a rare glimpse of the four vote tallying boards (the blackish squares across the top), which display each members name and vote as... The Alabama paradox was the first of the apportionment paradoxes to be discovered. ... To apportion is to divide into parts according to some rule, the rule typically being one of proportion. ... The process known as redistricting in the United States and redistribution in many Commonwealth countries is the changing of political borders (in many countries, specifically the electoral district/constituency boundaries) usually in response to periodic census results. ... House of Representatives Senate Map showing party membership in the 109th Senate. ...

External links

  • The Constitution and Paradoxes
  • A Java Simulation of Adams' method
  • A Java Simulation of Hamilton's method
  • A Java Simulation of the Huntington-Hill method
  • A Java Simulation of Jefferson's method
  • A Java Simulation of Webster's method
  • Thirty-thousand.org:

  Results from FactBites:
 
United States Congressional apportionment - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1030 words)
Each state is apportioned a number of members of Congress based upon its population.
Apart from the fact that the number of delegates is at least one for each state, as required by the Constitution, this number is in principle proportional to population (equalizing the size of congressional districts nationwide).
Reapportionment of the United States House of Representatives (the lower house of the U.S. Congress) occurs every year ending in "1", the year after the U.S. Census Bureau performs the decennial census mandated by the U.S. Constitution.
Apportionment - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1255 words)
The lessee is not bound, however, by an apportionment of rent made upon the grant of part of the reversion unless it is made either with his consent or by the verdict of a jury.
Apportionment by operation of law may be brought about where by act of law a lease becomes inoperative as regards its subject-matter, or by the "act of God" (as, for instance, where part of an estate is submerged by the encroachments of the sea).
An equitable apportionment, apart from statute law, arises where property is bequeathed on trust to pay the income to a tenant for life and the reversion to others, and the realization of the property in the form of a fund capable of producing income is postponed for the benefit of the estate.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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