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Encyclopedia > United States Code

The United States Code (U.S.C.) is a compilation and codification of the general and permanent federal law of the United States. In law, codification is the process of collecting and restating the law of a jurisdiction in certain areas, usually by subject, forming the legal code. ... The United States Constitution, the supreme law of the United States The United States Reports, the official reporter of the Supreme Court of the United States The law of the United States was originally largely derived from the common law of the system of English law, which was in force...

Contents

Codification process

The official text of an Act of Congress is that of the "enrolled bill" (traditionally printed on parchment) presented to the President for his signature or disapproval. Upon enactment of a law, the original bill is delivered to the Archivist of the United States, and duplicate copies are issued in pamphlet form as "slip laws" by the Government Printing Office (GPO). The Archivist assembles annual volumes of the enacted laws and publishes them as the United States Statutes at Large. By law, the text of the Statutes at Large is "legal evidence" of the laws enacted by Congress. An Act of Vaginapenis is a bill or resolution adopted by both houses of the United States Congress to which one of the following events has happened: Acceptance by the President of the United States, Inaction by the President after ten days from reception (excluding Sundays) while the Congress is... A bill is a proposed new law introduced within a legislature that has not been ratified, adopted, or received assent. ... John Hancocks signature is one of the most prominent on the United States Declaration of Independence. ... Promulgation is the act of formally proclaiming new legislation to the public. ... Lady Justice or Justitia is a personification of the moral force that underlies the legal system (particularly in Western art). ... The Archivist of the United States is the chief official overseeing the operation of the National Archives and Records Administration. ... The logotype of the United States Government Printing Office In the United States, the Government Printing Office (GPO) provides printed (and now electronic) copies of documents produced by and for all federal agencies, including the Supreme Court, the Congress, and all executive branch agencies like the FCC and EPA. Court... The United States Statutes at Large, commonly referred to as the Statutes at Large, is the official source for the laws and resolutions passed by Congress. ... The United States Statutes at Large, commonly referred to as the Statutes at Large, is the official source for the laws and resolutions passed by Congress. ...


The Statutes at Large, however, is not a convenient tool for legal research. It is arranged strictly in chronological order, so that statutes addressing related topics may be scattered across many volumes. Statutes often repeal or amend earlier laws, and extensive cross-referencing is required to determine what laws are in effect at any given time. A repeal is the removal or reversal of a law. ... In a catalogue or index, a direction that leads a user from one entry or subject heading to another. ...


The Code is the result of an effort to make finding relevant and effective statutes simpler by reorganizing them by subject matter, and eliminating expired and amended sections. The Code is maintained by the Office of the Law Revision Counsel (LRC) of the U.S. House of Representatives. The LRC determines which statutes should be codified, and which existing laws are affected by amendments or repeals, or have simply expired by their own terms. The LRC updates the Code accordingly. The Office of the Law Revision Counsel prepares and publishes the United States Code, which is a consolidation and codification by subject matter of the general and permanent laws of the United States. ... The House of Representatives is the larger of two houses that make up the U.S. Congress, the other being the United States Senate. ...


Because of this codification approach, a single named statute (like the Taft-Hartley Act, or the Embargo Act) may or may not appear in a single place in the Code. Often, complex legislation bundles a series of provisions together as a means of addressing a social or governmental problem; those provisions often fall in different logical areas of the Code. For example, a bill providing relief for family farms might affect items in Title 7 (Agriculture), Title 26 (Tax), and Title 43 (Public Lands). When the bill is codified, its various provisions might well be placed in different parts of those various Titles. Traces of this process are generally found in the Notes accompanying the "lead section" associated with the popular name, and in cross-reference tables that identify Code sections corresponding to particular Acts of Congress. The Labor-Management Relations Act, commonly known as the Taft-Hartley Act, is a United States federal law that greatly restricts the activities and power of labor unions. ... The Embargo Act of 1807 was an American law prohibiting all export of cargo from American ports. ... Tax rates around the world Tax revenue as % of GDP Economic policy Monetary policy Central bank   Money supply Fiscal policy Spending   Deficit   Debt Trade policy Tariff   Trade agreement Finance Financial market Financial market participants Corporate   Personal Public   Banking   Regulation        A tax is a financial charge or other levy imposed on... In all modern states, some land is held by central or local governments. ...


Usually the individual sections of a statute are incorporated into the Code exactly as enacted. Sometimes, however, editorial changes are made (for instance, the phrase "the date of enactment of this Act" is replaced by the actual date).


By law, the Code is "prima facie evidence" of the law in effect. The Statutes at Large remains the ultimate authority. If a dispute arises as to the accuracy or completeness of the codification, the courts will turn to the language in the United States Statutes at Large. Look up prima facie in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


In addition, the LRC continues the process of revising, updating, and restating the existing body of statutory law in codified form, and as it completes particular areas of the law it proposes to enact those titles of the Code as "positive law". If enacted into law, these titles of the Code repeal all previous enactments on the subject (including those found in the Statutes at Large) and adopt the Code itself as a statute, thereby making these titles "legal evidence" of the law in force. Statutory law is written law (as opposed to oral or customary law) set down by a legislature or other governing authority such as the executive branch of government in response to a perceived need to clarify the functioning of government, improve civil order, answer a public need, to codify existing... Positive law is a legal term having more than one meaning. ...


Only "general and permanent" laws are codified; the Code does not usually include provisions that apply only to a limited number of people (a private law) or for a limited time, such as most appropriation acts or budget laws, which apply only for a single fiscal year. If these limited provisions are significant, however, they may be printed as "notes" underneath related sections of the Code. The codification is based on the content of the laws, however, not the vehicle by which they are adopted; so, for instance, if an appropriations act contains substantive, permanent legislation (as is sometimes the case), the permanent provisions will be incorporated into the Code even though they were adopted as part of a non-permanent enactment.[1] Statutory law is written law (as opposed to oral or customary law) set down by a legislature or other governing authority such as the executive branch of government in response to a perceived need to clarify the functioning of government, improve civil order, answer a public need, to codify existing... An appropriation bill or supply bill is a legislative motion which authorizes the government to spend money. ... Look up budget in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Organization

The Code is divided into 50 titles (listed below), which deal with broad, logically organized areas of legislation. Titles may optionally be divided into subtitles, parts, subparts, chapters, and subchapters. All titles have sections (represented by a §), as their smallest basic coherent unit, though sections are often divided into subsections, paragraphs, and clauses. Not all titles use the same series of subdivisions above the section level, and they may arrange them in different order. For example, in Title 26 (the tax code), the order of subdivision runs Title - Subtitle - Chapter - Subchapter - Part - Subpart - Section - Subsection - Paragraph - Subparagraph - Clause - Subclause. In Title 38 (Veteran's Benefits) the order runs Title - Part - Chapter - Subchapter - Section. Put another way, the Title is always the largest division of the Code, and the section the smallest (except for subsections, paragraphs, clauses, etc.), but intermediate levels vary in both number and sequence from Title to Title. Chapter has multiple meanings. ... The section sign (§; Unicode U+00A7, HTML entity §) is a typographical character used mainly to refer to a particular section of a document, such as a legal code. ... In grammar, a clause is a word or group of words ordinarily consisting of a subject and a predicate, although in some languages and some types of clauses, the subject may not appear explicitly. ... Former crewmembers of the battleship Missouri pose for photos shortly after the Anniversary of the End of World War II ceremony, held aboard the famous ship. ...


The word "title" in this context is roughly akin to a printed "volume," although many of the larger titles span multiple volumes. Similarly, no particular size or length is associated with other subdivisions; a section might run several pages in print, or just a sentence or two. Some subdivisions within particular titles acquire meaning of their own; for example, it's common for lawyers to refer to a "Chapter 11" bankruptcy or a "Subchapter K" partnership. Notice of closure stuck on the door of a computer store the day after its parent company, Granville Technology Group Ltd, declared bankruptcy (strictly, put into administration - see text) in the UK. Bankruptcy is a legally declared inability or impairment of ability of an individual or organizations to pay their... A partnership is a type of business entity in which partners share with each other the profits or losses of the business undertaking in which all have invested. ...


A sample citation would be 5 U.S.C. § 552a, the Privacy Act of 1974. A lawyer would read that out loud as "Title five, United States Code, section five hundred fifty-two A." Title 5 of the United States Code outlines the role of government organization and employees in the United States Code. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... A lawyer, according to Blacks Law Dictionary, is a person learned in the law; as an attorney, counsel or solicitor; a person licensed to practice law. ...


When sections are repealed, their text is deleted and replaced by a note summarizing what used to be there. This is necessary so that lawyers reading old cases can understand what the cases are talking about. As a result, some portions of the Code consist entirely of empty chapters full of historical notes. For example, Title 8, Chapter 7 is labeled "Exclusion of Chinese." This contains historical notes relating to the Chinese Exclusion Act, which is no longer in effect. The Chinese Exclusion Act was a United States federal law passed on May 6, 1882, following 1880 revisions to the Burlingame Treaty of 1868. ...


Versions and history

Early compilations

Early efforts at codifying the Acts of Congress were undertaken by private publishers; these were useful shortcuts for research purposes, but had no official status. Congress undertook an official codification called the Revised Statutes approved June 22, 1874, for the laws in effect as of December 1, 1873. Congress re-enacted a corrected version in 1878. The Revised Statutes were enacted as positive law, but subsequent enactments were not incorporated into the official code, so that over time researchers once again had to delve through many volumes of the Statutes at Large. According to the preface to the Code, "From 1897 to 1907 a commission was engaged in an effort to codify the great mass of accumulating legislation. The work of the commission involved an expenditure of over $300,000, but was never carried to completion." The Revised Statutes of the United States was an early effort at codifying the Acts of Congress, undertaken by private publishers. ... is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The United States Statutes at Large, commonly referred to as the Statutes at Large, is the official source for the laws and resolutions passed by Congress. ...


Official code

During the 1920s, some members of Congress revived the codification project, resulting in the approval of the United States Code by Congress in 1926. The 1920s is a decade that is sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or the Roaring Twenties, usually applied to America. ...


The official version of the Code is published by the LRC as a series of paper volumes. The first edition of the Code was contained in a single bound volume; today, it spans several large volumes. Normally, a new edition of the Code is issued every six years, with annual supplements identifying the changes made by legislation in each session of Congress. In practice, however, the Code is kept up-to-date on a near-current basis as laws are enacted, and notes are printed in the margins of the slip laws indicating where each section will be codified, if at all. Both the LRC and the GPO offer electronic versions of the Code to the public. The electronic version may be as much as 18 months behind current legislation, but it is the most up to date official version. A number of other online versions are freely available, including those at Findlaw and at Cornell's Legal Information Institute (see External Links below).


Annotated codes

Practicing lawyers who can afford them almost always use an annotated version of the U.S. Code from a private company. The two leading annotated versions are the United States Code Annotated, abbreviated as U.S.C.A., and the United States Code Service, abbreviated as U.S.C.S. The U.S.C.A. is published by Thomson West, and U.S.C.S. is published by LexisNexis (part of Reed Elsevier), although the current edition was originated by the Lawyers Co-operative Publishing Co. See Wexis. These annotated versions contain notes following each section of the law, which summarize relevant court decisions, law review articles, and other authorities, and may also include uncodified provisions that are part of the Public Laws. The publishers of these versions frequently issue supplements that contain newly-enacted laws, which may not yet have appeared in an official published version of the Code. When an attorney is viewing an annotated code on an online service, such as Westlaw, all the citations in the annotations are hyperlinked to the referenced opinions and documents. Thomson West is the largest part of Thomson Legal & Regulatory, which is the largest market group of The Thomson Corporation. ... Nexis redirects here. ... Reed Elsevier is a leading global publisher and information provider. ... Wexis is a humorous term used to refer to the two academic publishing conglomerates which dominate the legal information services industry, namely Westlaw and LexisNexis. ... The examples and perspective in this article do not represent a worldwide view. ... // A hyperlink (often referred to as simply a link), is a reference or navigation element in a document to another section of the same document, another document, or a specified section of another document, that automatically brings the referred information to the user when the navigation element is selected by...


Other relevant codifications

The Code generally contains only those Acts of Congress known as public laws (although the notes sometimes contain related Executive Orders and other presidential documents). The Code does not contain statutes known as private laws, nor does it contain regulations adopted by executive agencies through the rulemaking process set out in the Administrative Procedure Act. These regulations are published chronologically in the Federal Register and are then compiled by topic or subject matter in the Code of Federal Regulations (C.F.R.), which constitutes an additional important source of federal law. In administrative law, rulemaking refers to the process that executive agencies use to create, or promulgate, regulations. ... The federal Administrative Procedure Act (APA) of 1946 governs the way in which administrative agencies of the United States federal government may propose and establish regulations. ... The Federal Register contains most routine publications and public notices of United States government agencies. ... The Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) is the codification of the general and permanent rules and regulations (sometimes called administrative law) published in the Federal Register by the executive departments and agencies of the Federal Government of the United States. ...


Parts of interest

The Uniform Code of Military Justice is contained in Title 10, Chapter 47. It defines infractions such as going AWOL and contains the popularly-known phrase, "Conduct unbecoming an officer and a gentleman." The Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) is the foundation of military law in the United States. ... AWOL (pronounced a-wall) is an acronym for the United States and other armed forces expression Absent WithOut Leave or Absence Without Official Leave. The United States Marine Corps and the United States Navy use the term Unauthorized Absence (UA) instead. ... Conduct unbecoming an officer and a gentleman is an offense subject to court martial defined in the punitive code of the United States Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ). ...


Title 11 is the Bankruptcy Code. Some of the different types of bankruptcy are commonly referred to simply by their chapter numbers: Chapter 7, Chapter 11, Chapter 13. The United States Constitution (Article 1, Section 8, Clause 4), authorizes Congress to enact uniform Laws on the subject of Bankruptcies throughout the United States. ... Notice of closure stuck on the door of a computer store the day after its parent company, Granville Technology Group Ltd, declared bankruptcy (strictly, put into administration - see text) in the UK. Bankruptcy is a legally declared inability or impairment of ability of an individual or organizations to pay their... Chapter 7 of the Bankruptcy Code governs the process of liquidation under the bankruptcy laws of the United States. ... Chapter 11 is a chapter of the United States Bankruptcy Code, which permits reorganization under the bankruptcy laws of the United States. ... Chapter 13 bankruptcy filing is a way for individuals in the United States to undergo a financial reorganization supervised by a federal bankruptcy court. ...


Title 18 deals with federal crimes.


Title 26 is also known as the Internal Revenue Code. Much of Title 26 is administered and enforced by the Internal Revenue Service and is one of the largest portions of the Code. The Internal Revenue Code (or IRC) (more formally, the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended) is the main body of domestic statutory tax law of the United States organized topically, including laws covering the income tax (see Income tax in the United States), payroll taxes, gift taxes, estate taxes... Seal of the Internal Revenue Service Tax rates around the world Tax revenue as % of GDP Part of the Taxation series        “IRS” redirects here. ...


Title 42 is a lengthy title which includes statutes governing several large federal government programs like Social Security and Medicare. One provision, 42 U.S.C. § 1983, is the basis for a wide range of federal civil rights actions in federal courts; it is the codification of the Civil Rights Act of 1871. Section 1983 cases include suits alleging use of excessive force by police and First Amendment suits against public schools to maintain church/state separation. Section 1983 itself is quite short; the annotations (i.e., the digests and summaries of court decisions interpreting it), however, span several volumes. Social Security in the United States is a social insurance program funded through dedicated payroll taxes called FICA (Federal Insurance Contributions Act). ... President Johnson signing the Medicare amendment. ... Title 42 of the United States Code outlines the role of Public Health and Social Welfare in the United States Code. ... Civil rights or positive rights are those legal rights retained by citizens and protected by the government. ... The Civil Rights Act of 1871, now codified and known as , is one of the most important federal statutes in force in the United States. ...


Titles

Titles that have been enacted into positive law are indicated by blue shading below. Look up Act on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Act may refer to: in law, a written document that attests the legality of the transaction. ...

Title 1 General Provisions
Title 2 The Congress
Title 3 The President
Title 4 Flag and Seal, Seat Of Government, and the States
Title 5 Government Organization and Employees*
Title 6
(original)
Surety Bonds (repealed)
(Combined into Title 31 when it was enacted into positive law.)
Title 6 Domestic Security
Title 7 Agriculture
Title 8 Aliens and Nationality
Title 9 Arbitration
Title 10 Armed Forces (including the Uniform Code of Military Justice)
Title 11 Bankruptcy
Title 12 Banks and Banking
Title 13 Census
Title 14 Coast Guard
Title 15 Commerce and Trade
Title 16 Conservation
Title 17 Copyrights
Title 18 Crimes and Criminal Procedure*
Title 19 Customs Duties
Title 20 Education
Title 21 Food and Drugs
Title 22 Foreign Relations and Intercourse
Title 23 Highways
Title 24 Hospitals and Asylums
Title 25 Indians
Title 26 Internal Revenue Code
Title 27 Intoxicating Liquors
Title 28 Judiciary and Judicial Procedure
Title 29 Labor
Title 30 Mineral Lands and Mining
Title 31 Money and Finance
Title 32 National Guard
Title 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters
Title 34 Navy (repealed)
Title 35 Patents
Title 36 Patriotic Societies and Observances
Title 37 Pay and Allowances Of the Uniformed Services
Title 38 Veterans' Benefits
Title 39 Postal Service
Title 40 Public Buildings, Properties, and Works
Title 41 Public Contracts
Title 42 The Public Health and Welfare
Title 43 Public Lands
Title 44 Public Printing and Documents
Title 45 Railroads
Title 46 Shipping*
Title 47 Telegraphs, Telephones, and Radiotelegraphs
Title 48 Territories and Insular Possessions
Title 49 Transportation
Title 50 War and National Defense

* Includes Appendix of provisions not yet enacted into positive law. Title 1 of the United States Code outlines the general provisions of the United States Code. ... Title 2 of the United States Code outlines the role of Congress in the United States Code. ... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives United States Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, D since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, D since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups (as of November 7, 2006 elections) Democratic Party Republican... Title 3 of the United States Code outlines the role of the President of the United States in the United States Code. ... The presidential seal is a well-known symbol of the presidency. ... Title 4 of the United States Code outlines the role of Flag of the United States, Great Seal of the United States, Washington, DC, and the States in the United States Code. ... Union Jack. ... Obverse The Great Seal of the United States is used to authenticate certain documents issued by the United States government. ... Nickname: Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia Coordinates: , Country United States Federal District District of Columbia Government  - Mayor Adrian M. Fenty (D)  - City Council Chairperson: Vincent C. Gray (D) Ward 1: Jim Graham (D) Ward 2: Jack... A U.S. state is any one of the 50 states which have membership of the federation known as the United States of America (USA or U.S.). The separate state governments and the U.S. federal government share sovereignty. ... Title 5 of the United States Code outlines the role of government organization and employees in the United States Code. ... Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. ... Title 6 of the United States Code outlined the role of surety bonds in the United States Code. ... The word bond refers to anything that binds, fastens, or restrains. ... Positive law is a legal term having more than one meaning. ... The United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is a Cabinet department of the federal government of the United States that is concerned with protecting the American homeland and the safety of American citizens. ... Title 7 of the United States Code outlines the role of agriculture in the United States Code. ... Title 8 of the United States Code outlines the role of aliens and nationality in the United States Code. ... In English usage, nationality is the legal relationship between a person and a country. ... Title 9 of the United States Code outlines the role of arbitration in the United States Code. ... Arbitration is a legal technique for the resolution of disputes outside the courts, wherein the parties to a dispute refer it to one or more persons (the arbitrators or arbitral tribunal), by whose decision (the award) they agree to be bound. ... Title 10 of the United States Code outlines the role of armed forces in the United States Code. ... The armed forces of the United States of America consist of the United States Army United States Navy United States Air Force United States Marine Corps United States Coast Guard Note: The United States Coast Guard has both military and law enforcement functions. ... The Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) is the foundation of military law in the United States. ... Title 11 of the United States Code outlines the role of Bankruptcy in the United States Code. ... Notice of closure stuck on the door of a computer store the day after its parent company, Granville Technology Group Ltd, declared bankruptcy (strictly, put into administration - see text) in the UK. Bankruptcy is a legally declared inability or impairment of ability of an individual or organizations to pay their... Title 12 of the United States Code outlines the role of Banks and Banking in the United States Code. ... “Banker” redirects here. ... Title 13 of the United States Code outlines the role of the United States Census in the United States Code. ... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... Title 14 of the United States Code outlines the role of the United States Coast Guard in the United States Code. ... USCG HH-65 Dolphin USCG HH-60J JayHawk The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is a branch of the United States armed forces and is involved in maritime law enforcement, mariner assistance, search and rescue, and national defense. ... Title 15 of the United States Code outlines the role of the commerce and trade in the United States Code. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Title 16 of the United States Code outlines the role of conservation in the United States Code. ... The conservation ethic is an ethic of resource use, allocation, exploitation, and protection. ... Title 17 of the United States Code outlines the role of copyrights in the United States Code. ... Copyright symbol Copyright is a set of exclusive rights regulating the use of a particular expression of an idea or information. ... Title 18 of the US Code deals with Crimes and Criminal Proceedings in five parts: Part I - Crimes Part II - Criminal Procedure Part III - Prisons and Prisoners Part IV - Correction of Youthful Offenders Part V - Immunity of Witnesses Title 18, specifically Part 1 > Chapter 113B > § 2331 and § 2332a(a)), is... Criminal procedure refers to the legal process for adjudicating claims that someone has violated the criminal law. ... Title 19 of the United States Code outlines the role of customs and duties in the United States Code. ... Customs is an authority or agency in a country responsible for collecting customs duties and for controlling the flow of animals and goods (including personal effects and hazardous items) in and out of a country. ... Title 20 of the United States Code outlines the role of education in the United States Code. ... Title 21 is the portion of the United States Code that governs food and drugs. ... FDA logo The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is an agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services and is responsible for regulating food, dietary supplements, drugs, biological medical products, blood products, medical devices, radiation-emitting devices, veterinary products, and cosmetics in the United States. ... Title 22 of the United States Code outlines the role of foreign relations and intercourse in the United States Code. ... For a history, see Timeline of United States diplomatic history For the published diplomatic papers, see The Foreign Relations of the United States Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts... Title 23 of the United States Code outlines the role of highways in the United States Code. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Title 24 of the United States Code outlines the role of hospitals and psychiatric hospitals in the United States Code. ... For the record label, see Hospital Records. ... A psychiatric hospital (also called a mental hospital or asylum) is a hospital specializing in the treatment of persons with mental illness. ... Title 25 of the United States Code outlines the role of Indians in the United States Code. ... The Internal Revenue Code (or IRC) (more formally, the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended) is the main body of domestic statutory tax law of the United States organized topically, including laws covering the income tax (see Income tax in the United States), payroll taxes, gift taxes, estate taxes... The Internal Revenue Code (or IRC) (more formally, the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended) is the main body of domestic statutory tax law of the United States organized topically, including laws covering the income tax (see Income tax in the United States), payroll taxes, gift taxes, estate taxes... Title 27 of the United States Code outlines the role of intoxicating liquors in the United States Code. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Title 28 is the portion of the United States Code (federal statutory law) that governs the Federal Judicial System. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      In law, the judiciary or judicial is the system of courts which administer justice in the name of the sovereign or state, a mechanism for the resolution of disputes. ... Due process of law is a legal concept that ensures the government will respect all of a persons legal rights instead of just some or most of those legal rights, when the government deprives a person of life, liberty, or property. ... Title 29 of the United States Code is a code that outlines labor in the United States. ... Title 30 of the United States Code outlines the role of mineral lands and mining in the United States Code. ... A mineral is a naturally occurring substance formed through geological processes that has a characteristic chemical composition, a highly ordered atomic structure and specific physical properties. ... Chuquicamata, the largest open pit copper mine in the world, Chile. ... Title 31 of the United States Code outlines the role of the money and finance in the United States Code. ... Various denominations of currency, one form of money Money is any good or tokens that functions as a medium of exchange that is socially and legally accepted in payment for goods and services and in settlement of debts. ... Finance studies and addresses the ways in which individuals, businesses, and organizations raise, allocate, and use monetary resources over time, taking into account the risks entailed in their projects. ... Title 32 of the United States Code outlines the role of the United States National Guard in the United States Code. ... The United States National Guard is a component of the United States Army (the Army National Guard) and the United States Air Force (the Air National Guard). ... Title 33 of the United States Code outlines the role of navigable waters in the United States Code. ... Table of geography, hydrography, and navigation, from the 1728 Cyclopaedia. ... A waterway is any navigable body of water. ... Title 34 of the United States Code outlines the role of the United States Navy in the United States Code. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for conducting naval operations. ... Title 35 of the United States Code is a title of United States Code regarding patent law. ... A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a state to a patentee for a fixed period of time in exchange for a disclosure of an invention. ... Title 36 of the United States Code outlines the role of Patriotic Societies and Observances in the United States Code. ... This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ... Title 37 of the United States Code outlines the role of Pay and Allowances of the Uniformed Services in the United States Code. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Title 38 of the United States Code outlines the role of Veterans Benefits in the United States Code. ... Former crewmembers of the battleship Missouri pose for photos shortly after the Anniversary of the End of World War II ceremony, held aboard the famous ship. ... Title 39 of the United States Code outlines the role of United States Postal Service in the United States Code. ... The United States Postal Service (USPS) is an independent establishment of the executive branch of the United States government (see 39 U.S.C. Â§ 201) responsible for providing postal service in the U.S. Within the United States, it is colloquially referred to simply as the post office. ... Title 40 of the United States Code outlines the role of Public Buildings, Properties, and Public Works in the United States Code. ... Look up Public works in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Title 41 of the United States Code outlines the role of Public Contracts in the United States Code. ... A contract is a legally binding exchange of promises or agreement between parties that the law will enforce. ... Title 42 of the United States Code outlines the role of Public Health and Social Welfare in the United States Code. ... ... Title 43 of the United States Code outlines the role of Public Lands in the United States Code. ... Title 44 of the United States Code outlines the role of public printing and documents in the United States Code. ... For other articles which might have the same name, see Print (disambiguation). ... For the similarly-named Surrealist journal, see Documents (journal). ... Title 45 of the United States Code outlines the role of rail transport in the United States Code. ... French 1912 drawing of typical elements of railways Railway tracks running through a railway station in North East England, UK A railway yard in Portland, Oregon. ... Title 46 of the United States Code outlines the role of shipping in the United States Code. ... Italian Full rigged ship Amerigo Vespucci in New York Harbor, 1976 A ship is a large watercraft capable of offshore navigation. ... Title 47 of the United States Code outlines the role of telegraphy in the United States Code. ... Optical Telegraf of Claude Chappe on the Litermont near Nalbach, Germany Telegraphy (from the Greek words tele (τηλε) = far and graphein (γραφειν) = write) is the long-distance transmission of written messages without physical transport of letters, originally by changing something that could be observed from a distance (optical telegraphy). ... This article or section includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Title 48 of the United States Code outlines the role of Territories and Insular Possessions in the United States Code. ... An insular area is United States territory that is neither a part of one of the fifty states nor a part of the District of Columbia, the nations federal district. ... Title 49 of the United States Code is a code that regards the role of transportation in the United States of America. ... Title 50 of the United States Code outlines the role of War and National Defense in the United States Code. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... For the musical group Provision, see Provision (musical group) For accounting term provision, see Provision (Accounting) ...


References

  1. ^ For example, the Department of Defense Appropriations Act of 2006, Pub.L. 109-148, 119 Stat. 2680 (2005) -- a time-specific appropriations act that the President signed into law on December 30, 2005 -- contains in its Title X the Detainee Treatment Act of 2005, which sets out, among other things, permanent provisions governing standards for interrogation of persons in Defense Department custody, prohibitions on cruel and unusual punishment, and procedures for status review of extraterritorial detainees. See id. at §§ 1002, 1003, 1005.

The United States Statutes at Large, commonly referred to as the Statutes at Large, is the official source for the laws and resolutions passed by Congress. ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The McCain Detainee Amendment is a proposed amendment to the United States Senate Department of Defense Authorization bill, commonly referred to as the Amendment on (1) the Army Field Manual and (2) Cruel, Inhumane, Degrading Treatment, amendment #1977 and also known as the McCain Amendment 1977. ...

External links

Wikisource has original text related to this article:
United States Code

  Results from FactBites:
 
United States Code - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1781 words)
The United States Code (U.S.C.) is a compilation and codification of the general and permanent federal Law of the United States.
The Code is maintained by the Office of the Law Revision Counsel (LRC) of the U.S. House of Representatives.
According to the preface to the Code, "From 1897 to 1907 a commission was engaged in an effort to codify the great mass of accumulating legislation.
Chief Justice of the United States - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (840 words)
The Chief Justice of the United States is the head of the Judicial Branch of the government of the United States, and presides over the Supreme Court of the United States.
Chief Justice Roberts was nominated by President George W. Bush on September 5, 2005, and was confirmed by the United States Senate on September 29 by a vote of 78-22.
The Constitution of the United States states that all Justices of the Court "shall hold their offices during good behavior," meaning that appointments are for life: they end only when a Justice chooses to retire, dies, or is impeached and convicted by the Congress.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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