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Encyclopedia > United States Chess Federation

The United States Chess Federation (USCF) is a non-profit organization, the governing chess organization within the United States, and one of the federations of the FIDE. The USCF was founded in 1939 from the merger of two regional chess organizations, and grew gradually until 1972, when membership doubled to 60,000 due to interest in Bobby Fischer's rise to the World Championship. USCF membership dipped after Fischer's withdrawal from public competition to just below 50,000, and didn't surpass its 1974 peak until 1992. Strong membership growth in the past decade has been spurred by the increase in scholastic chess clubs and the spread of chess computers. Chess is an abstract strategy board game for two players that is played both recreationally and competitively. ... The Fédération Internationale des Échecs or World Chess Federation is an international organization that connects the various national chess federations around the world. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Robert James Bobby Fischer (born March 9, 1943) is a United States-born Icelandic chess grandmaster and in 1972 became the only US-born chessplayer ever to win the World Chess Championship. ... Current World Champion, Vladimir Kramnik. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Scholastic chess involvement has been steadily growing in the U.S. in recent years, as is evidenced by the increasing membership numbers of school-aged children in the United States Chess Federation. ... 1990s Pressure-sensory Chess Computer with LCD screen The idea of creating a chess-playing machine dates back to the eighteenth century. ...


The USCF also publishes the magazine Chess Life, which is advertised as the "most widely read chess magazine in the world. Chess Life for Kids is a bi-monthly insert in Chess Life designed to reach the scholastic market, which represents just over half of USCF membership. Chess Life is the official publication of the United States Chess Federation (USCF), and reaches more than a quarter of a million readers every month. ... Chess Life is the official publication of the United States Chess Federation (USCF), and reaches more than a quarter of a million readers every month. ...


The USCF was incorporated in Illinois in 1939. It later became a 501(c)(3) after it established a headquarters in New York City. Official language(s) English Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ...


Interesting information

USCF membership almost doubled during the 1990's and early 2000's, due to a boom in scholastic chess players, from approximately 50,000 to almost 100,000. This boom resulted in dramatic growth in scholastic chess throughout the country, as well as financial pressure on the organization, as the low dues charged to scholastic players did not cover the costs of servicing their memberships and the USCF could not grow sponsorship dollars quickly in response to the increased membership. Current membership is about 80,000, and USCF operations have recently returned to a break-even basis.


The USCF provides the main rating system for tournament chess in the United States in conjunction with approximately 2,000 affiliates, mostly chess clubs and local chess organizations. Earlier, the USCF used a rating system that was invented by Arpad Elo, a college professor who played chess. Elo worked for USCF for many years, and the system is utilized in a variety of other games and sports, including USA Today's college football and basketball rankings. Recently, the USCF has transitioned to a rating system that was proposed by Mark Glickman. Glickman is currently the chairman of the USCF Ratings Committee. Similar to Elo, he is a math college professor who plays chess and has written numerous papers related to rating systems. The current rating system as implemented by the USCF is still an Elo rating system, but with a sliding K factor. The sliding K factor feature makes it similar to the Glicko rating system. This current USCF rating system has been an improvement over the original Elo system. There is an ongoing discussion within the USCF Ratings Committee of going to Glickman's Glicko-2 system in the future. The Glicko-2 system is an enhanced version of the Glicko system that would better allow for rapid jumps in ratings by young and upcoming scholastic players whose ratings might improve dramatically in a short period of time. . Árpád Élő (1903-1992) is the creator of the ELO rating system. ...


USCF also sanctions over 20 national championships, including the U.S. Championship that is sanctioned in conjunction with America's Foundation for Chess and was most recently held in San Diego, the U.S. Open, and U.S. Junior Championship. Flag Seal Nickname: Americas Finest City Location Location of San Diego within San Diego County Coordinates , Government County San Diego Mayor City Attorney         City Council District One District Two District Three District Four District Five District Six District Seven District Eight Jerry Sanders (R) Michael Aguirre Scott Peters Kevin...


Its most popular events are the three National Scholastic tournaments, held annually in different parts of the country. Every four years, the "Supernationals," an event combining all three Scholastics in one tournaments are held in one city. The last Supernationals drew over 5,000 players to Knoxville, Tennessee and drew worldwide media attention. Knoxville redirects here. ...


The USCF moved its operations in 2005 and 2006 from New Windsor, New York to Crossville, Tennessee, in a failed attempt to lower labor costs. USCF was recently forced to announce that labor costs actually rose with the move in Tennessee. During the move, then USCF president Beatriz Marinello proclaimed in the annual report that a key reason for the move was to make USCF "a national organization, not a New York organization." USCF did receive free land from Crossville to make the move, and approximately 20 employees work at the Crossville office. New Windsor is a town in Orange County, New York, United States. ... Crossville is a city in Cumberland County, Tennessee, United States. ...


USCF also is one of the largest sellers of chess books and equipment in the country. USCF Sales is now located in Connecticut, where it is co-housed with Chesscafe.com.


In 2002, the USCF made a controversial decision to remove former world chess champion Bobby Fischer from its database and revoked his membership, based on his anti-American political statements. In 2006, that decision was summarily vacated by the same board, possibly due to concerns that the 2002 decision appeared to be retaliation against free speech and counter to American ideals. Robert James Bobby Fischer (born March 9, 1943) is a United States-born Icelandic chess grandmaster and in 1972 became the only US-born chessplayer ever to win the World Chess Championship. ...


The USCF works with the U.S. Chess Trust, a chess-related charity organization that remains in New York, and provides funding for scholastic and prison chess, among other activities.


See also

Presidents of the United States Chess Federation 1940-1943 George Sturgis 1944-1948 Elbert Wagner, Jr. ... Executive Directors of the United States Chess Federation 1952-1960 Kenneth Harkness 1960-1961 Frank Brady 1963-1964 Joe Reinhardt 1966-1975 Ed Edmondson 1976-1978 Martin Morrison 1978-1979 Richard Meyerson 1979-1980 George Cunningham 1980-1988 Gerald Dullea 1988-1996 Al Lawrence 1996-1997 George Filippone 1997-1999... The Fédération Internationale des Échecs or World Chess Federation is an international organization that connects the various national chess federations around the world. ... International Correspondence Chess Federation ICCF is the International Correspondence Chess Federation. ...

External link

  • Official USCF Website

  Results from FactBites:
 
United States Chess Federation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (171 words)
The United States Chess Federation (USCF) is the governing chess organization within the United States and is one of the federations of the FIDE.
The USCF was founded in 1939 and grew gradually until 1972, when membership doubled due to interest in Bobby Fischer's rise to the World Championship.
USCF membership dipped after Fischer's withdrawal from public competition, and didn't surpass its 1974 peak until 1992.
WA CHESS (2239 words)
It is the only organization representing the State in the United States Chess Federation, which sanctions all rated chess activities in the United States.
The Washington Chess Federation was founded in 1946 for the promotion of chess through tournaments, disseminating information to its members and working with the local chess clubs.
The WCF is responsible for conducting the various state championships including the state championship, women's championship, junior championship, senior's championship and the class championships.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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