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Encyclopedia > United States Central Command
United States Central Command

Emblem of the United States Central Command.
Active 1983 -
Country United States
Type Unified Combatant Command
Headquarters MacDill AFB, in Tampa, FL
Nickname CENTCOM
Battles/wars Iraq War
United States war in Afghanistan
Persian Gulf War
Commanders
Combatant Commander Admiral William J. Fallon
Notable
commanders
General John Abizaid
General Norman Schwarzkopf

The United States Central Command (CENTCOM) is a theater-level Unified Combatant Command unit of the U.S. armed forces, established in 1983 under the operational control of the U.S. Secretary of Defense. It was originally conceived of as the Rapid Deployment Forces. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 600 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2100 × 2100 pixel, file size: 1. ... An emblem consists of a pictorial image, abstract or representational, that epitomizes a concept - often a concept of a moral truth or an allegory. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... A Unified Combatant Command is composed of forces from two or more services, has a broad and continuing mission, and is organized either on a geographical basis (known as Area Of Responsibility, AOR) or on a functional basis. ... MacDill Air Force Base (MacDill AFB) is a base of the United States Air Force located in Florida, 8 miles south of Tampa at the tip of the Interbay Peninsula. ... Tampas skyline For alternate meanings, see Tampa (disambiguation) Tampa is a city located in Hillsborough County on the west coast of Florida. ... For other uses, see Iraq war (disambiguation). ... Combatants Taliban al-Qaeda IMU Hezbi Islami Afghanistan Northern Alliance United Nations: ISAF NATO, including: United States United Kingdom Canada Netherlands and others Commanders Mohammed Omar Obaidullah Akhund # Dadullah  Jalaluddin Haqqani Osama bin Laden Ayman al-Zawahiri Juma Namangani  Gulbuddin Hekmatyar Bismillah Khan Mohammed Fahim Ton van Loon David Richards... See also: 2003 invasion of Iraq and Gulf War (disambiguation) C Company, 1st Battalion, The Staffordshire Regiment, 1st UK Armoured Division The Persian Gulf War was a conflict between Iraq and a coalition force of 34 nations led by the United States. ... For other uses, see Admiral (disambiguation). ... William Joseph Fallon (born December 30, 1944) is an Admiral in the United States Navy and took command of U.S. Central Command on March 16, 2007. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... John Philip Abizaid (Arabic: جون أبي زيد) (born April 1, 1951) is a General in the United States Army and the Commander of the United States Central Command (CENTCOM), overseeing American military operations in a 27-country region, from the Horn of Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, to South and Central Asia, covering much... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Norman Schwarzkopf can refer to: Herbert Norman Schwarzkopf, Sr. ... Theater in military terms, is a geographic location used for military operations. ... A Unified Combatant Command is composed of forces from two or more services, has a broad and continuing mission, and is organized either on a geographical basis (known as Area Of Responsibility, AOR) or on a functional basis. ... The armed forces of the United States of America consist of the United States Army United States Navy United States Air Force United States Marine Corps United States Coast Guard Note: The United States Coast Guard has both military and law enforcement functions. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... The United States Secretary of Defense is the head of the United States Department of Defense, concerned with the armed services and The Secretary is a member of the Presidents Cabinet. ... In 1977, a presidential directive called for a mobile force capable of responding to worldwide contingencies but to be established without diverting forces from NATO or Korea. ...


Its area of responsibility is in the Middle East, East Africa and Central Asia. CENTCOM has been the main American presence in many military operations, including the Persian Gulf War, the United States war in Afghanistan, and the 2003 invasion of Iraq. Forces from CENTCOM currently are deployed primarily in Iraq and Afghanistan in combat roles and have bases in Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Oman, Pakistan, Djibouti and central Asia in support roles. CENTCOM forces have also been deployed in Jordan, Israel and Saudi Arabia in the past, although no substantial forces are based in those countries as of 2005. A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ...  Eastern Africa (UN subregion)  East African Community  Central African Federation (defunct)  geographic, including above East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easternmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ... See also: 2003 invasion of Iraq and Gulf War (disambiguation) C Company, 1st Battalion, The Staffordshire Regiment, 1st UK Armoured Division The Persian Gulf War was a conflict between Iraq and a coalition force of 34 nations led by the United States. ... Combatants Taliban al-Qaeda IMU Hezbi Islami Afghanistan Northern Alliance United Nations: ISAF NATO, including: United States United Kingdom Canada Netherlands and others Commanders Mohammed Omar Obaidullah Akhund # Dadullah  Jalaluddin Haqqani Osama bin Laden Ayman al-Zawahiri Juma Namangani  Gulbuddin Hekmatyar Bismillah Khan Mohammed Fahim Ton van Loon David Richards... The subject of this article is the 2003 invasion of Iraq. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


CENTCOM's commander is Admiral William Fallon, who took command on March 16, 2007, replacing General John Abizaid. William J. Fallon is an Admiral in the United States Navy and currently serves as Commander, U.S. Pacific Command. ... March 16 is the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... John Philip Abizaid (Arabic: جون أبي زيد) (born April 1, 1951) is a General in the United States Army and the Commander of the United States Central Command (CENTCOM), overseeing American military operations in a 27-country region, from the Horn of Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, to South and Central Asia, covering much...


Of the five American regional unified commands, CENTCOM is one of two regional unified commands whose headquarters are not within its area of operations. It is at MacDill AFB, in Tampa, Florida, although a forward headquarters has been established at Camp As Sayliyah in Qatar to serve American strategic interests of the Iraq region. (The other such regional unified command is U.S. Southern Command, currently based in Miami, Florida.) MacDill Air Force Base (MacDill AFB) is a base of the United States Air Force located in Florida, 8 miles south of Tampa at the tip of the Interbay Peninsula. ... Nickname: Location in Hillsborough County and the state of Florida. ... USSOUTHCOM emblem The United States Southern Command (USSOUTHCOM, or informally: SOUTHCOM) is a Unified Combatant Command responsible for all United States military activities in Central America, South America, and the Caribbean basin (except Cuba and Puerto Rico, which are the responsibility of United States Northern Command). ... Nickname: Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida. ...


In July 2007 Admiral William J. Fallon, and another US Aviator flow a pair of F-16s to Pakistan for them to be handed to the Pakistan Air Force.This was very extraordinary and unforeseen, because US CENTCOM commandants don't distribute jet aircraft to other partner nations. This demonstrates how much central Pakistan is to USA in the combating of terror. With this move America has come even closer to its ally. July 2007 is the seventh month of that year. ... Admiral William J. Fallon Commander, U.S. Fleet Forces Command Admiral William J. Fallon was raised in Merchantville, N.J. A 1967 graduate of Villanova University, he received his commission through the Navy ROTC Program and was designated a naval flight officer upon completion of flight training in December 1967. ... For other uses, see Aviator (disambiguation). ... The F-16 Fighting Falcon is a modern multi-role jet fighter aircraft built in the United States and used by dozens of countries all over the world. ... Branches of Service Pakistan Army Pakistan Air Force Pakistan Navy Pakistan Coast Guard Pakistan Paramilitary Forces Pakistan Strategic Nuclear Command Leadership Chairman of Joint Chiefs of Staff General Ehsan ul Haq Chief of Army Staff General Pervez Musharraf Chief of Air Staff Air Chief Marshal Tanvir Ahmed Chief of Naval... Emblem of the United States Central Command. ... Terror is a pronounced state of fear, an overwhelming sense of imminent danger. ...

Contents

Components

No fighting units are directly subordinate to this command; rather, the five subordinate service component commands are:

There are major subordinate multiservice commands reporting to Central Command which are conducting operations in various areas: Shoulder Sleeve Insignia of the U.S. Third Army. ... Emblem (subdued desert colors) United States Central Command Air Forces (USCENTAF, or informally just CENTAF) is the Air Force component of United States Central Command. ... Marine Forces Central Command (MARCENT) commands all United States Marine Corps forces assigned to United States Central Command. ... U.S. Naval Forces Central Command is the naval element of United States Central Command (CENTCOM). ... The United States Special Operations Command Central (USSOCCENT or SOCCENT) is a subordinate unified command of the U.S. Central Command (USCENTCOM). ...

  • Multi-National Force - Iraq, including Multi-National Security Transition Command - Iraq (MNSTC-I),

(see also Iraq War order of battle) It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Multinational Force Iraq. ... Multi-National Security Transition Command - Iraq, MNSTC-I, is the branch of the Multi-National Force-Iraq that is responsible for developing, organizing, training, equipping, and sustaining the Iraqi Security Forces, i. ... Sgt. ...

Spc. ... Combatants United States Ethiopia al-Qaeda Islamic Courts Union Casualties U.S.: 15 non-combat fatalities Ethiopian army, Somali TFG, Somali ARPCT: 600 killed 2,000+ killed Operation Enduring Freedom - Horn of Africa is the official name used by the US government for a component of its response to the... Camp Le Monier is a United States Marine Corps Base situated in Djibouti and is home to Combined Joint Task Force Horn of Africa (CJTF-HOA). ... Emblem of Joint Task Force Lebanon (JTF-L) Joint Task Force Lebanon (JTF-L) is a U.S. European Command (EUCOM) operational unit established in 2006 and assigned responsibility for U.S. military support to the American Embassy in Beirut and to help U.S. Department of State led humanitarian...

Geographic scope

United States Central Command Area of Responsibility prior to the creation of the United States Africa Command (USAFRICOM)

The formal Area of Responsibility (AOR) extends to 27 countries: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates (UAE), Uzbekistan, and Yemen. International waters included are the Red Sea, Persian Gulf, and western portions of the Indian Ocean.[1] Syria and Lebanon are the most recent addition, having been transferred from the United States European Command on March 10, 2004. Israel, which is now surrounded by CENTCOM countries remains in EUCOM, "because it is more politically, militarily and culturally aligned with Europe," according to American military officials.[2] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 712 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (900 × 758 pixel, file size: 279 KB, MIME type: image/gif) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 712 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (900 × 758 pixel, file size: 279 KB, MIME type: image/gif) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The United States Africa Command (USAFRICOM or AFRICOM) is a new Unified Combatant Command of the United States military, to have an area of responsibility covering Africa and to be fully operational by September 2008. ... The terms international waters or trans-boundary waters apply where any of the following types of bodies of water (or their drainage basins) transcend international boundaries: oceans, large marine ecosystems, enclosed or semi-enclosed regional seas and estuaries, rivers, lakes, groundwater systems (aquifers), and wetlands [1]. Oceans and seas, waters... Location of the Red Sea The Red Sea is an inlet of the Indian Ocean between Africa and Asia. ... Map of the Persian Gulf. ... The U.S. European Command (EUCOM) is a Unified Combatant Command of the United States military, headquartered in Stuttgart, Germany. ...


On February 7, 2007, plans were announced for the creation of a United States Africa Command which would transfer responsibility for all of Africa except the country of Egypt to the new USAFRICOM. The United States Africa Command (USAFRICOM or AFRICOM) is a new Unified Combatant Command of the United States military, to have an area of responsibility covering Africa and to be fully operational by September 2008. ...


Major US troop presence in the region dates to the 1990 Invasion of Kuwait and the subsequent Operation Desert Shield, which transferred hundreds of thousands of troops to Saudi Arabia. Islamists objected to the presence of non-Muslim troops in Saudi Arabia, and their use in Operation Desert Storm and other attacks on Iraq became a key rallying cry for opposition movements in Saudi Arabia and elsewhere. By the late 1990s, a gradual move to other countries was underway, particularly Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, Oman, and the UAE. Combatants Republic of Iraq State of Kuwait Commanders Ali Hassan al-Majid N/A Strength 100,000[1] 16,000[2] Casualties 37+ aircraft (est. ... See also: 2003 invasion of Iraq and Gulf War (disambiguation) C Company, 1st Battalion, The Staffordshire Regiment, 1st UK Armoured Division The Persian Gulf War was a conflict between Iraq and a coalition force of 34 nations led by the United States. ... Islamist is sometimes also used for a scholar who studies Islam and Muslim societies. ... Combatants U.S.-led coalition Iraq Commanders George H. W. Bush, Norman Schwarzkopf, Colin Powell Saddam Hussein, Ali Hassan Al-Majid, Hussein Kamel Strength 660,000 ~545,000 Casualties 345 dead, 1,000 wounded 25,000 - 100,000 dead, 100,000 - 300,000 wounded The 1991 Gulf War (also Persian...


The military uses a variable number of base locations depending on its level of operations. With warfare ongoing in Iraq and Afghanistan in 2003, the United States Air Force used 36 bases, while in 2006 it uses 14 today, including four in Iraq. The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial warfare branch of the United States armed forces and one of the seven uniformed services. ...


The Washington Post has reported that long term plans for basing in the region include continued use of Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, and Oman and the creation of two new storage hubs in "a classified Middle Eastern country "west" of Saudi Arabia ('Site 23')" and in a state in Central Asia.[citation needed] Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ...


List of CENTCOM commanders

Robert C. Kingston USA January 1, 1983 November 27, 1985
George B. Crist USMC November 27, 1985 November 23, 1988
H. Norman Schwarzkopf USA November 23, 1988 August 9, 1991
Joseph P. Hoar USMC August 9, 1991 August 5, 1994
J.H. Binford Peay III USA August 5, 1994 August 13, 1997
Anthony Zinni USMC August 13, 1997 July 6, 2000
Tommy Franks USA July 6, 2000 July 7, 2003
John Abizaid USA July 7, 2003 March 16, 2007
William J. Fallon USN March 16, 2007

General Robert Kirigston entered the Army as an enlisted soldier in November 1948. ... General George B. Crist United States Marine Corps (Ret. ... The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States military responsible for providing power projection from the sea,[1] utilizing the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces. ... Herbert Norman Schwarzkopf Jr. ... General Joseph P. Hoar (born December 30, 1934) is a retired U.S. Marine Corps officer, former Commander in Chief of United States Central Command. ... The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States military responsible for providing power projection from the sea,[1] utilizing the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces. ... J.H Binford Peay III is a retired four-star general from the United States Army and is currently the 14th Superintendent of the Virginia Military Institute. ... Anthony Charles Zinni (born September 17, 1943) is a retired general in the United States Marine Corps and a former Commander in Chief of U.S. Central Command (CENTCOM). ... The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States military responsible for providing power projection from the sea,[1] utilizing the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces. ... General Tommy Ray Franks KBE (born June 17, 1945 in Wynnewood, Oklahoma) is a retired General in the United States Army, previously serving as the Commanding General of United States Central Command, overseeing United States Armed Forces operations in a 25-country region, including the Middle East. ... John Philip Abizaid (Arabic: جون أبي زيد) (born April 1, 1951) is a General in the United States Army and the Commander of the United States Central Command (CENTCOM), overseeing American military operations in a 27-country region, from the Horn of Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, to South and Central Asia, covering much... William Joseph Fallon (born December 30, 1944) is an Admiral in the United States Navy and took command of U.S. Central Command on March 16, 2007. ... USN redirects here. ...

See also

United States Africa Command The United States Africa Command (USAFRICOM or AFRICOM) is a new Unified Combatant Command of the United States military, to have an area of responsibility covering Africa and to be fully operational by September 2008. ...


External links

  • DOD Central Command site
  • Combined Joint Task Force - Horn of Africa Official Homepage
  • http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/nation/la-na-generals5jan05,1,7040299.story?coll=la-headlines-nation


US Central Command AOR
Horn of Africa: Egypt Sudan Ethiopia Eritrea Djibouti Kenya Somalia
South Asia: Iran Afghanistan Pakistan
Arabian Peninsula, Iraq & Northern Red Sea: Iraq Lebanon Syria Jordan Kuwait Saudi Arabia Bahrain Qatar UAE Oman Yemen Seychelles
Central Asia: Kyrgyzstan Turkmenistan Tajikistan Uzbekistan Kazakhstan
 
Unified Combatant Commands of the United States armed forces
Flag of the United States
Regional responsibilities
Africa Command - Northern Command - Central Command - European Command - Pacific Command - Southern Command
Functional responsibilities
Special Operations Command - Joint Forces Command - Strategic Command - Transportation Command
Proposed new commands
Unified Medical Command

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