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Encyclopedia > United States Capitol Complex
Aerial view of the United States Capitol Complex from the northweat
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Aerial view of the United States Capitol Complex from the northweat

The United States Capitol Complex is group of about a dozen buildings and facilities in Washington D.C. that are used by the Federal government of the United States. The buildings and grounds covered in the complex are managed and supervised by the Architect of the Capitol. Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... // Legislative branch Article I of the Constitution grants all legislative powers of the federal government to the Congress, which is divided into two chambers, a Senate and a House of Representatives. ... United States Capitol The Architect of the Capitol is responsible to the United States Congress for the maintenance, operation, development, and preservation of the United States Capitol Complex, which includes the Capitol, the congressional office buildings, the Library of Congress buildings, the United States Supreme Court building, the United States...

Contents


Buildings and Grounds

Map of the United States Capitol Complex
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Map of the United States Capitol Complex

While the Capitol Building is the central feature of the complex, other parts of the Capitol Complex include the: United States Capitol For other uses of Capitol Hill, see Capitol Hill (disambiguation). ...

In addition to the buildings listed above, several monuments, sculptures, and other works of art are located in and around the Capitol Complex grounds. These include the National Statuary Hall Collection and the Statue of Freedom among many others. (See Works of Art in the Capitol Complex) Library of Congress, Jefferson building The Library of Congress is the unofficial national library of the United States. ... The United States Botanic Garden (USBG) is a botanic garden run by the Congress of the United States. ... Seal of the Senate The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the Congress of the United States, the other being the House of Representatives. ... This Washington, DC congressional office building is named for former Senate Minority Leader Everett Dirksen (R-IL). ... Located on Constitution Avenue, between 1st and 2nd Streets, NE The Hart Senate Office Building, the third U.S. Senate office building, was built in the 1970s. ... This photograph, taken from southwest of the building, shows the main entrance along Constitution Avenue, N.E. The Russell Senate Office Building (built 1903-1908) is the oldest of the United States Senate office buildings as well as a significant example of the Beaux Arts style of architecture. ... The United States House of Representatives is one of the two houses of the Congress of the United States. ... The Cannon House Office Building, completed in 1908, is the oldest congressional office building as well as a significant example of the Beaux Arts style of architecture. ... The Longworth House Office Building The Longworth House Office Building (LHOB) is one of three office buildings used by the United States House of Representatives. ... The Rayburn House Office Building (RHOB), named after former Speaker of the House Sam Rayburn, is located between South Capitol Street and First Street in Southwest Washington, D.C. The newest of three U.S. House of Representatives office buildings, the Rayburn House Office Building was completed in early 1965... The Supreme Court building is the seat of the Supreme Court of the United States. ... A monument is a structure built for commemorative or symbolic reasons rather than for any overtly functional use. ... Sculptor redirects here. ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Art Resources DEFINE.name Glossary Index ArtLex. ... The National Statuary Hall Collection in the United States Capitol is comprised of statues donated by individual states to honor persons notable in their history. ... The Statue of Freedom is a bronze statue sculpted by Thomas Crawford, placed atop the dome of the United States Capitol in Washington, DC. Freedom is a female figure who holds a sheathed sword in her right hand and her left holds a laurel wreath of victory and the shield...


History

Construction on the Capitol building began in 1793. When built, it was the only existing building for the use by the nation's legislature. In addition to the Congress, the building was also designed to house the Library of Congress, the Supreme Court, the district courts, and other offices. 1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... A legislature is a governmental deliberative assembly with the power to adopt laws. ... The United States district courts are the general trial courts of the United States federal court system. ...


Following the completon of the building and as the nation grew, so did the size of the Congress. The Capitol and its grounds were enlarged accordingly, and by 1892 the building had reached essentially its present size and appearance (with the exception of the east front extension 1958-1962 and courtyard infill areas 1991-1993). 1892 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1991 (MCMXCI) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ...


Even with the enlargements, Congress eventually grew too big for the building and new facilities had to be constructed to meet the needs of the government. With the moving of the Library of Congress into its own building (now the Thomas Jefferson Building) in 1897, and with the construction of new office buildings for the House and Senate in the early 20th century, the Capitol Complex was born. 1897 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the...


Known simply as the "House Office Building" and "Senate Office Building" when they opened in 1908 and 1909 the Cannon House Office Building and the Russell Senate Office Building became the first buildings solely for use as offices by the House of Representatives and the Senate. These new buildings were heated and provided with electricity by the new Capitol Power Plant which opened its doors in 1910 and is still used today. 1908 (MCMVIII) is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Cannon House Office Building, completed in 1908, is the oldest congressional office building as well as a significant example of the Beaux Arts style of architecture. ... This photograph, taken from southwest of the building, shows the main entrance along Constitution Avenue, N.E. The Russell Senate Office Building (built 1903-1908) is the oldest of the United States Senate office buildings as well as a significant example of the Beaux Arts style of architecture. ... Electricity is a property of matter that results from the presence of electric charge. ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...

Aerial View of the United States Capitol Complex in 1923 from the North.
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Aerial View of the United States Capitol Complex in 1923 from the North.

The 1930s was a decade of major construction within the growing Capitol Complex. In 1933 alone the U.S. Botanic Garden Conservatory, Director's residence, and Bartholdi Park were completed; the Senate Office Building's First Street wing, which had been omitted during construction for funding reasons, was added; and the Additional House Office Building (later named the Longworth House Office Building) was occupied. The Supreme Court at last found a permanent home when its own building was completed in 1935. The last building constructed within the complex in this decade was the Library of Congress Annex, now named the John Adams Building, which opened in 1939. 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... // Events and trends The 1930s were described as an abrupt shift to more radical lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the global depression. ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... The United States Botanic Garden (USBG) is a botanic garden run by the Congress of the United States. ... The Longworth House Office Building The Longworth House Office Building (LHOB) is one of three office buildings used by the United States House of Representatives. ... Scotus redirects here. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Within twenty years attention returned to the need for more congressional office space; this led to the construction of a second building for the Senate (now named the Dirksen Senate Office Building), which was completed in 1958. The House's third building, the Rayburn House Office Building, opened in 1965. This Washington, DC congressional office building is named for former Senate Minority Leader Everett Dirksen (R-IL). ... 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Rayburn House Office Building (RHOB), named after former Speaker of the House Sam Rayburn, is located between South Capitol Street and First Street in Southwest Washington, D.C. The newest of three U.S. House of Representatives office buildings, the Rayburn House Office Building was completed in early 1965... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link goes to calendar). ...


In the 1970s two more buildings became available for the House: the former Congressional Hotel, the O'Neill Building (demolished in 2002), and a larger building originally constructed for the FBI (now the Ford House Office Building). A third building for the Library of Congress, the James Madison Memorial Building, opened in 1980 and the Senate's third building, the Hart Senate Office Building, was occupied in 1982. The most recent large structure within the Capitol complex is the Thurgood Marshall Federal Judiciary Building, which was opened in 1992. The 1970s in its most obvious sense refers to the decade between 1970 and 1979. ... 2002 (MMII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a Federal police force which is the principal investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Located on Constitution Avenue, between 1st and 2nd Streets, NE The Hart Senate Office Building, the third U.S. Senate office building, was built in the 1970s. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ...


Renovations to the Botanic Garden COnservatory began on 1 September 1997 and went on for four years until December 2001 when the building reopened. The Conservatory's aluminum framework, glazing, interior floors, doors, and lighting were replaced; all electrical, plumbing, and environmental control systems were upgraded, and air conditioning was added to the display halls. September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ...


Upcoming plans for the Capitol Complex include a new Capitol Visitor Center. The Center is scheduled to open in the Autumn of 2006 and will include an exhibition gallery, two theaters, a dining facility, and gift shops. The budget for construction of the Center is $517 million. OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXx Autumn (also fall in North American English) is one of the four temperate seasons, the transition from summer into winter. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


References

Some text from this article came from the public domain webpages of the Architect of the Capitol: United States Capitol The Architect of the Capitol is responsible to the United States Congress for the maintenance, operation, development, and preservation of the United States Capitol Complex, which includes the Capitol, the congressional office buildings, the Library of Congress buildings, the United States Supreme Court building, the United States...

  • A Brief History of the U.S. Capitol Complex
  • The Capitol Visitor Center

External links

  • http://www.aoc.gov - Architect of the Capitol Website
  • http://www.loc.gov - Library of Congress Website
Seal of Congress United States Capitol Complex United States Capitol
United States Capitol Building
Library of Congress Buildings
John Adams Building | Thomas Jefferson Building | James Madison Memorial Building
Senate Office Buildings
Dirksen Senate Office Building | Hart Senate Office Building | Russell Senate Office Building
House Office Buildings
Cannon House Office Building | Longworth House Office Building | Rayburn House Office Building
Other Buildings
United States Botanic Garden | Capitol Power Plant | Supreme Court | United States Capitol Visitor Center

 
 

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