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Encyclopedia > United States Border Patrol
CBP/USBP Insignia
CBP/USBP Insignia

The United States Border Patrol (USBP), a Federal police force, is the mobile uniformed law enforcement arm of U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), a bureau of the Department of Homeland Security. US Border Patrol Image File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... US Border Patrol Image File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Federal police agencies are responsible for the enforcement of federal laws in countries with a federal constitution. ... U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), a bureau of the United States Department of Homeland Security, is charged with regulating and facilitating international trade, collecting import duties, and enforcing U.S. trade laws. ... The United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is a Cabinet department of the federal government of the United States that is concerned with protecting the American homeland and the safety of American citizens. ...


Mounted watchmen of the U.S. Immigration Service patrolled the border in an effort to prevent illegal crossings as early as 1904, but their efforts were irregular and undertaken only when resources permitted. The inspectors, usually called Mounted Guards, operated out of El Paso, Texas. Though they never totaled more than seventy-five, they patrolled as far west as California trying to restrict the flow of illegal Chinese immigration. 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ...


In March 1915, Congress authorized a separate group of Mounted Guards, often referred to as Mounted Inspectors. Most rode on horseback, but a few operated automobiles and boats. Although these inspectors had broader arrest authority, they still largely pursued Chinese immigrants trying to avoid the Chinese exclusion laws. These patrolmen were Immigrant Inspectors, assigned to inspection stations, and could not watch the border at all times. Military troops along the southwest border performed intermittent border patrolling, but this was secondary to "the more serious work of military training." Aliens encountered illegally in the U.S. by the military were directed to the immigration inspection stations. Texas Rangers were also sporadically assigned to patrol duties by the state, and their efforts were noted as "singularly effective." Texas Rangers American League AAA Oklahoma RedHawks AA Frisco RoughRiders A Bakersfield Blaze Clinton LumberKings Spokane Indians R Arizona Rangers The Texas Rangers are a Major League Baseball team based in Arlington, Texas, a suburb in the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex. ...


The Border Patrol was founded on May 28, 1924 as an agency of the United States Department of Labor. Prior to 2003, the Border Patrol was part of the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), an agency within the U.S. Department of Justice. May 28 is the 148th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (149th in leap years). ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The United States Department of Labor is a Cabinet department of the United States government responsible for occupational safety, wage and hour standards, unemployment insurance benefits, re-employment services, and some economic statistics. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) was a part of the United States Department of Justice which used to handle legal and illegal immigration and naturalization. ... The United States Department of Justice (DOJ) is a Cabinet department in the United States government designed to enforce the law and defend the interests of the United States according to the law and to ensure fair and impartial administration of justice for all Americans. ...


The priority mission of the Patrol, as a result of the 9/11 attacks and its merging into DHS, is to prevent terrorists and terrorist weapons from entering the United States of America. However, the Border Patrol's traditional mission remains as the deterrence, detection and apprehension of illegal immigrants and individuals involved in the illegal drug trade who generally enter the United States other than through designated ports of entry. The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly targeting civilians, carried out on Tuesday, September 11, 2001. ... Terrorist redirects here. ... now. ... These lollipops were found to contain heroin when inspected by the US DEA The illegal drug trade is a global black market activity consisting of production, distribution, packaging and sale of illegal psychoactive substances. ... A port of entry is a place where one may lawfully enter a country. ...


Currently, the U.S. Border Patrol employs over 11,000 agents, and is responsible for patrolling 19,000 miles of land and sea borders.[citation needed] The Border Patrol personnel are deployed primarily at the U.S.-Mexico border, where they are assigned to control drug trafficking and illegal immigration. A mile is the name of a unit of length, usually used to measure distance, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, United States customary units and Norwegian/Swedish mil. ... The international border between Mexico and the United States runs a total of 3,141 km (1,951 miles) from San Diego, California, and Tijuana, Baja California, in the west to Matamoros, Tamaulipas, and Brownsville, Texas, in the east. ...

Contents

Strategy

1986 - Employer Sanctions and Interior Enforcement

Border Patrol Agents patrol for illegal entry into U.S.
Enlarge
Border Patrol Agents patrol for illegal entry into U.S.

The Border Patrol's priorities have changed over the years. In 1986, the Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) placed renewed emphasis on controlling illegal immigration by going after the employers that hire illegal aliens. The belief was that jobs were the magnet that attracted most illegal aliens to come to the United States. The Border Patrol increased interior enforcement and Form I-9 audits of businesses through an inspection program known as Employer Sanctions. Several agents were assigned to interior stations such as within the Livermore Sector in Northern California. Image File history File links USBP-SBI.jpg Summary Border Patrol Agents watch for illegal entry into the U.S. http://206. ... Image File history File links USBP-SBI.jpg Summary Border Patrol Agents watch for illegal entry into the U.S. http://206. ... The Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) of 1986 is an American law that was created in order to stop illegal immigration from Mexico, which was seen as a threat to the economy. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Employer Sanctions never became the effective tool it was expected to be by Congress. Illegal immigration continued to swell after the 1986 amnesty despite employer sanctions. By 1994, Californians passed Proposition 187, denying benefits to illegal aliens and criminalizing illegal aliens in possession of phony green cards, I.D. cards and Social Security Numbers. It also authorized police officers to question aliens as to their immigration status and required police and sheriff departments to cooperate and report illegal aliens to the INS. Proposition 187 drew nation-wide attention to the problem of illegal immigration. California Proposition 187 was a proposition introduced in California in 1994 to deny illegal immigrants social services, health care, and public education. ... The acronym INS can refer to: Immigration and Naturalization Service Indian Navy Ship Inelastic neutron scattering Inertial navigation system Insert Key of a keyboard Insurgency, a multi-player mod for Half-Life 2 International Network Services International News Service International Numbering System adopted by the Codex Alimentarius Commission Irish Naval...


Deterrence becomes the new strategy

In response to illegal immigration in 1994, the Border Patrol came up with a new strategy for addressing illegal aliens. In 1992, "over half of all southwest border apprehensions occurred along only 18 of the 1,600 border miles—13 miles along the border between San Diego and Tijuana, Mexico, and 5 miles along the border between El Paso and Ciudad Juarez, Mexico."[1] In 1991, Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) commissioned Sandia National Laboratory to study more effective ways of stopping the flow of aliens and drugs into the United States. The "Sandia Study" concluded that the Border Patrol's traditional method of apprhension was ineffective. The Sandia Study recommended deterrence and the use of technology (cameras) and infrastructure (fences and other barriers) to control illegal immigration and drug smuggling.[2] The White House Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP), a component of the Executive Office of the President of the United States, was established in 1988 by the Anti-Drug Abuse Act. ... Sandia National Laboratories is a major United States Department of Energy research and development national laboratory with two locations, one in Albuquerque, New Mexico and the other in Livermore, California. ...


El Paso Sector's Operation Hold the Line

Retired El Paso Sector Chief Patrol Agent Silvestre Reyes started a program called "Operation Hold the Line". In this program, Border Patrol Agents would no longer react to illegal alien entries resulting in apprehensions, but would instead be forward deployed to the border, immediately detecting any attempted entries or deterring illegal aliens to cross at a more remote location. The idea was that it would be easier to capture illegal aliens in the wide open deserts then through the urban alleyways. Chief Reyes deployed his agents along the Rio Grande River, within eyesight of other agents. The program significantly reduced illegal alien entries in the urban part of El Paso, however, the operation merely shifted the illegal aliens to other areas. A panoramic view of El Paso, Texas from the north. ... Silvestre Reyes Silvestre Reyes (born November 10, 1944) is a politician from the state of Texas, currently representing the states 16th Congressional district (map) in the U.S. House. ...


San Diego Sector's Operation Gatekeeper

A Border Patrol Jeep stands watch over the U.S.-Mexico border at San Ysidro, California.
A Border Patrol Jeep stands watch over the U.S.-Mexico border at San Ysidro, California.

San Diego Sector tried Sylvestre Reyes' approach of forward deploying agents to deter illegal entries into the country. Congress authorized the hiring of thousands of new agents, and many were sent to San Diego Sector.[citation needed] In addition, Congressman Duncan Hunter obtained surplus military landing mats to use as a border fence.[citation needed] Stadium lighting, ground sensors and infra-red cameras were also placed in the area.[citation needed] Apprehensions decreased dramatically in that area as the aliens crossed in different regions. ImageMetadata File history File links USBP_Jeep. ... ImageMetadata File history File links USBP_Jeep. ... Jeep is an automobile marque (and registered trademark) of DaimlerChrysler. ... The international border between Mexico and the United States runs a total of 3,141 km (1,951 miles) from San Diego, California, and Tijuana, Baja California, in the west to Matamoros, Tamaulipas, and Brownsville, Texas, in the east. ... View of U.S.-Mexico barrier (and Tijuana, Baja California beyond it) from San Ysidro, California. ... Silvestre Reyes Silvestre Reyes (born November 10, 1944) is a politician from the state of Texas, currently representing the states 16th Congressional district (map) in the U.S. House. ... Duncan Lee Hunter (born May 31, 1948), American politician, has been a Republican member of the House of Representatives since 1981 from the 52nd District in northern and eastern San Diego County (map). ...


Tucson Sector's Operation Safeguard

California was no longer the hotbed of illegal alien activity and the traffic shifted to Arizona, primarily in Nogales and Douglas.[citation needed] The Border Patrol instituted the same deterrent strategy it used in San Diego to Arizona. Arizona's program was named "Operation Safeguard." Today, Tucson Sector remains the busiest Border Patrol Sector in the United States, accounting for about 1/3 of all Border Patrol apprehensions nationwide.[citation needed] Nogales is a Spanish word meaning walnut trees. As a geographical name, it is shared by several places: Mexico Nogales, Chihuahua Nogales, Durango Nogales, Sonora Nogales, Tamaulipas Nogales, Veracruz Spain Nogales, Badajoz province, Extremadura United States Nogales, Arizona This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other... Douglas is a city located in Cochise County, Arizona. ...


Border Patrol moves away from Interior Enforcement

In the 1990's Congress mandated that the Border Patrol shift agents away from the interior and focus them on the borders.


Post September 11 the Department of Homeland Security also created two immigration enforcement bureaus out of the defunct Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS). These two new bureaus were Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) and the Bureau of Customs and Border Protection (CBP). ICE was tasked with investigations, detention and removal of illegal aliens, and interior enforcement. CBP was tasked with inspections at our ports of entry and with illegal entries between the port of entry, transportation check, and entries on our coastal borders. DHS management decided to align the Border Patrol with CBP. The Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) was a part of the United States Department of Justice which used to handle legal and illegal immigration and naturalization. ... Pilatus PC-12 aircraft of the ICE The United States Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), the largest investigative arm of the United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS), is responsible for identifying and shutting down vulnerabilities in the nations border, economic, transportation and infrastructure security. ...


In July 2004 the Livermore Sector of the United States Border Patrol was closed. Livermore Sector served Northern California and included stations at Dublin (Parks Reserve Forces Training Area), Sacramento, Stockton, Fresno and Bakersfield. The Border Patrol also closed other stations in the interior of the United States including Roseburg, Oregon and Little Rock, Arkansas. The Border Patrol functions in these areas consisted largely of local jail and trasportation terminal checks for illegal aliens. These functions were turned over to Immigration & Customs Enforcement. The public library in Dublin Dublin is a city located in Alameda County, California, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 29,973. ... Parks AFB, CA - 5 Oct 1954 Parks Reserve Forces Training Area (PRFTA) is a former United States Air Force Base located near Oakland, California. ... Nickname: City of Trees Location of Sacramento in California County Sacramento Mayor Heather Fargo Area    - City 99. ... City nickname: Californias Sunrise Seaport County: San Joaquin Area code: 209 ZIP code: 952xx Area:  - Total  - Water 144. ... Fresno, a Spanish word for ash tree (from Latin fraxinus) is a common placename in Spanish speaking areas. ... Bakersfield is the county seat of Kern County, California, in the United States. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Nickname: Rocktown, The Rock, Capital City Coordinates: Country United States State Arkansas County Pulaski Founded 1821 Incorporated 1831 Mayor Jim Dailey Area    - City 302. ... Immigration and Customs Enforcement logo United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) is the largest investigative arm of the United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and is responsible for identifying and dismantling vulnerabilities regarding the nations border, economic, transportation and infrastructure security. ...


The New Border Patrol Strategy

Cameras add "Smart Border" surveillance.
Cameras add "Smart Border" surveillance.

In November 2005 the U.S. Border Patrol published an updated national strategy [4]. The strategy has 5 main objectives, which are: Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1936x2106, 308 KB) High tech equipment atop this pole is used to see and hear illegal immigrants attempting to cross into the U.S. http://www. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1936x2106, 308 KB) High tech equipment atop this pole is used to see and hear illegal immigrants attempting to cross into the U.S. http://www. ...

  1. Establish substantial probability of apprehending terrorists and their weapons as they attempt to enter illegally between the ports of entry;
  2. Deter illegal entries through improved enforcement;
  3. Detect, apprehend, and deter smugglers of humans, drugs, and other contraband;
  4. Leverage “Smart Border” technology to multiply the effect of enforcement personnel; and
  5. Reduce crime in border communities and consequently improve quality of life and economic vitality of targeted are unpredictable.

A Growing Agency

Attrition in the Border Patrol was normally at 5%. From 1995-2001 attrition spiked to above 10%, which was a period when the Border Patrol was doing massive hiring. In 2002 the attrition rate climbed to 18%. The 18% attrition was largely due to agents transferring to the Federal Air Marshal's after 9/11. Since that time the attrition problem has decreased significantly and Congress has increased journeyman Border Patrol Agent pay from GS-9 to GS-11 in the General Schedule in 2002. In 2005, Border Patrol attrition dropped to 4%.[3] The Federal Air Marshal Service is a U.S. federal agency. ... The date that commonly refers to the attacks on United States citizens on September 11, 2001 (see the September 11, 2001 Attacks). ... General Schedule (or GS) is the name used to describe a payscale utilized by the majority of white collar personnel in the civil service of the United States Government. ...


The Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 signed by President Bush on December 17, 2004 authorized hiring an additional 10,000 Agents, "subject to appropriation". This authorization, if fully implemented, would nearly double the Border Patrol manpower from 11,000 to 21,000 Agents by 2010. The Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 is an Act of Congress. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In July 2005, Congress signed the Emergency Supplemental Spending Act for military operations in Iraq/Afghanistan and other operations. The act also appropriated funding to increase Border Patrol manpower by 500 Agents. In October 2005, President Bush also signed the DHS FY06 Appropriation bill, funding an additional 1,000 Agents. An omnibus spending bill is a bill that sets the budget of many departments of the United States government at once. ...


In November of 2005, President George W. Bush made a trip to southern Arizona to discuss more options that would decrease illegal crossings at the U.S. and Mexican border. In President Bush's proposed Fiscal Year 2007 Budget he has requested an additional 1,500 Border Patrol agents.


Specialized Units

A Border Patrol SRT Team searches room-by-room a hotel in New Orleans in response to Hurricane Katrina.
Enlarge
A Border Patrol SRT Team searches room-by-room a hotel in New Orleans in response to Hurricane Katrina.

The Border Patrol has a variety of specialized units and details. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (4992x3328, 2092 KB) Summary CBP Supports Relief Effort photo by Gerald Nino 09/19/2005 U.S. Border Patrol Agents of the Sector Response Team (SRT) search an apartment building room by room in downtown New Orleans. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (4992x3328, 2092 KB) Summary CBP Supports Relief Effort photo by Gerald Nino 09/19/2005 U.S. Border Patrol Agents of the Sector Response Team (SRT) search an apartment building room by room in downtown New Orleans. ... Lowest pressure 902 mbar (hPa; 26. ...


Tactical Teams

The Border Patrol has a variety of tactical teams, which are trained in special tactics, to respond to unusual occurrences of a high risk nature.


BORTAC (Border Patrol Tactical Team) is the official tactical unit of the Border Patrol for high risk enforcement similar to a SWAT team, some BORTAC members have even been sent to Iraq to be advisors to Iraqi Security Forces near the border.[citation needed] Special response teams are heavily armed and armored. ...


Border Patrol Sectors (Sectors are operational regions of the Border Patrol, typically comprised of 5 - 8 stations) have Special Response Teams (SRT) or in San Diego Sector - REACT. SRT is deployed at the Sector level to high risk incidents or to specific missions.


Search and Rescue

BORSTAR (Border Search Trauma And Rescue) - This group is very active in the Arizona desert, striving to rescue illegal aliens in distress. Search and Rescue Search and Rescue (acronym SAR) is an operation mounted by emergency services, often well-trained volunteers, to find someone believed to be in distress, lost, sick or injured either in a remote or difficult to access area, such as mountains, desert or forest (Wilderness search and rescue), or at sea...


Other Units

  • Horse Patrol
  • ATV Patrol
  • Bike Patrol
  • Snowmobile Unit
  • Scope Unit
  • K9 Units
  • Intelligence
  • Anti-Smuggling Investigations/DISRUPT
  • BORCAP (Border Criminal Alien Program)

Air Mobile Unit A group of “quad bike” all terrain vehicles The term all-terrain vehicle is used in a general sense to describe any of a number of small open motorised buggies and tricycles designed for off-road use. ... Belgian Malinois as K-9 unit Police dog getting ready to search a vehicle for drugs. ... Criminal intelligence is information gathered, collated and disseminated by law enforcement agencies concerning types of crime and particular criminals and criminal groups. ... Human trafficking awareness poster from the Canadian Department of Justice Trafficking in human beings is the criminal commercial trade (smuggling) of human beings, who are subjected to involuntary acts such as begging, sexual exploitation (eg. ...


Newton-Azrak Medal for Heroism

The Border Patrol's highest honor is the Newton-Azrak Medal for Heroism. This medal is bestowed to Border Patrol agents killed in the line of duty. It is also presented to agents for extraordinary contributions, service, or accomplishments reflecting unusual courage or bravery in the line of duty, or an extraordinarily heroic or humane act committed during times of extreme stress or in an emergency. Image File history File links BPA_membadge. ... A Medal is a word used for various types of compact objects: a wearable medal awarded by an authority government for services redered, especially to a country (such as Armed force service); strictly speaking this only refers to a medal of coin-like appearance, but informally the word also refers...


This award is named for Border Patrol Inspectors Newton[5] and Azrak[6], who were murdered by a drug smuggler in San Diego County in 1967.


Allegations of Border Patrol abuse

Jesus A. Trevino, concludes in an article published in the Houston Journal of International Law (2006) with a request to create an independent review commission to oversee the actions of the Border Patrol, and that creating such review board will make the American public aware of the "serious problem of abuse that exists at the border by making this review process public" and that "illegal immigrants deserve the same constitutionally-mandated humane treatment of citizens and legal residents". [4] Categories: Stub | U.S. Dept. ...


An article by Journal article by Michael Huspek, Leticia Jimenez, Roberto Martinez (1998) cites that in December 1997, John Case, head of the INS Office of Internal Audit (OIA), announced at a press conference that public complaints to the INS had risen 29% from 1996, with the "vast majority" of complaints emanating from the southwest border region, but that of of the 2,300 cases, the 243 cases of serious allegations of abuse were down in 1997. These serious cases are considered to be distinct from less serious complaints, such as "verbal abuse, discrimination, extended detention without cause." [5]


See also

Border control is a term that describes how a country polices its borders. ... now. ... The United States Mexico barrier is actually several separation barriers designed to prevent illegal immigration into the United States from the territory of adjacent Mexico along the U.S.-Mexico border. ... Canada and the United States of America share the longest common border among any two countries that is not militarized or actively patrolled. ... House Resolution 4437 (The Border Protection, Antiterrorism, and Illegal Immigration Control Act of 2005) was passed by the United States House of Representatives on December 16, 2005 by a vote of 239 to 182. ... The Minuteman Project Civil Defense Corps was started in April 2005 by a group of American citizens to deter illegal crossings of the United States–Mexico border. ...

References and footnotes

  1. ^ Government Accounting Office (GAO), 1995, Border Control: Revised Strategy Is Showing Some Positive Results, Page 11,[1]
  2. ^ Government Accounting Office (GAO), 1995, Border Control: Revised Strategy Is Showing Some Positive Results, Page 12,[2], Page 12, Sandia Study Recommended Changing Border Control Tactics From Apprehending Aliens to Preventing Illegal Entry: The Border Patrol’s traditional tactic of discouraging illegal entry has been to apprehend aliens once they have entered the United States. According to the Sandia study’s authors, this tactic was inefficient and diminished the Border Patrol’s ability to control the border. In addition, the authors said the only good border control strategy is one that prevents people from crossing the border. The study concluded that the way to prevent illegal entry is to impose “effective barriers on the free flow of traffic.” The study noted that where it is not possible or practical to keep drugs and illegal aliens from entering the United States, they should be stopped at the earliest opportunity. In addition, the Sandia study concluded that “control of the illegal alien and drug traffic can be gained” and recommended that the Border Patrol change its tactics from apprehending illegal aliens after they have entered the United States to preventing illegal entry into the United States.
  3. ^ Nunez-Neto, Blas, Border Security: The Role of the U.S. Border Patrol, Congressional Research Service, Updated January 25, 2006, [3], Page 35
  4. ^ Trevino, Jesus A. Border Violence against Illegal Immigrants and the Need to Change the Border Patrol's Current Complaint Review Process, Houston Journal of International Law, Vol. 21.1 (1998): pp.85, 8 Aug. 2006. "What is required is a permanent independent review commission to investigate complaints of Border Patrol abuse. An independent review commission would ensure impartial and thorough investigations, and it would hold Border Patrol agents accountable for their actions. The internal nature of the Justice Department's current complaint review procedure keeps most Americans uneducated about the problems of abuse that exist at the border. This in turn creates an attitude of indifference when a few of the incidents reach the media. Creating an independent citizen review board would make the American public aware of the serious problem of abuse that exists at the border by making this review process public. Illegal immigrants deserve the same constitutionally-mandated humane treatment expected by American citizens and legal residents. Border Patrol abuse of illegal immigrants must end."
  5. ^ Huspek, Michael, Jimenez, Leticia, Martinez, Roberto Violations of Human and Civil Rights on the U.S.-Mexico Border, 1995 to 1997: A Report, Social Justice, Vol. 25, 1998. "The data compiled in this report suggest that law enforcement in the southwest region of the United States may be verging on lawlessness. This statement receives fuller support from announcements emanating from the INS. In December 1997, John Chase, head of the INS Office of Internal Audit (OIA), announced at a press conference that public complaints to the INS had risen 29% from 1996, with the "vast majority" of complaints emanating from the southwest border region. Over 2,300 complaints were filed in 1997 as opposed to the 1,813 complaints filed in 1996. Another 400 reports of "minor misconduct" were placed in a new category. Chase was quick to emphasize, however, that the 243 "serious" allegations of abuse and use of excessive force that could warrant criminal prosecution were down in 1997, as compared with the 328 in 1996. These "serious" cases are considered to be distinct from less serious complaints, such as "verbal abuse, discrimination, extended detention without cause."

January 25 is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

GAO and OIG Reports


  Results from FactBites:
 
United States Border Patrol - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2585 words)
The Border Patrol was founded on May 28, 1924 as an agency of the United States Department of Labor.
The priority mission of the Patrol, as a result of the 9/11 attacks and its merging into DHS, is to prevent terrorists and terrorist weapons from entering the United States of America.
The Border Patrol personnel are deployed primarily at the U.S.-Mexico border, where they are assigned to control drug trafficking and illegal immigration.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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