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Encyclopedia > United States Bicentennial

The United States Bicentennial was celebrated on Sunday, July 4, 1976, the 200th anniversary of the adoption of the Declaration of Independence. Image File history File links Bicentennial Logo. ... For the United States holiday, the Fourth of July, see Independence Day (United States). ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... It has been suggested that Wedding anniversary be merged into this article or section. ... United States Declaration of Independence In the Declaration of Independence the 13 states (formerly the Thirteen Colonies) declared themselves a new country, the United States of America and announced that were now totally independent of the Kingdom of Great Britain and explained their justifications for doing so. ...


Events and Observances

The commemoration of the bicentennial of the United States of America went on for months and is remembered by people of the time as a major cultural event. The United States Mint began issuing special bicentennial coinage in 1975 (quarters, half dollars and Eisenhower dollars ) dated "1776-1976." As a result, there are no coins of those denominations dated 1975. These coins were also minted throughout 1976. The United States Mint is responsible for producing and circulating coinage for the United States to conduct its trade and commerce. ... Quarter bicentennial reverse Half dollar bicentennial reverse Dollar bicentennial reverse All quarter, half dollar and dollar coins produced by the United States Mint during the years 1975 and 1976 bore special designs on their reverse, commemorating the 200th anniversary (bicentennial) of the independence of the United States. ... The quarter is 1/4th of a United States dollar or 25 cents. ... The Half Dollar of the United States has been produced nearly every year since the inception of the United States Mint in 1793. ... Dollar coins have been minted in the United States in gold, silver and base metal versions. ...

A special Bicentennial Flag, with a white background and the official Bicentennial Star Emblem was also displayed or flown as part of honor guards and flag poles throughout the United States during that period, usually to the left or below the American Flag.

Festivities included elaborate fireworks displays over major USA cities. Those in Washington, D.C. were presided over by President Gerald Ford and televised nationally. A fleet of tall-masted sailing ships gathered in Boston and New York City for the occasion. The New York event was named Operation Sail (Op Sail) and was the second of five such events to date (1964, 1976, 1986, 1992 and 2000). Queen Elizabeth II even made a special state visit to the USA to tour the country and attend festivities with President Ford. The Sydney Harbour Bridge and the Sydney Opera House illuminated under New Years Eve Fireworks 2005 Fireworks in Kraków, Poland for the 100th anniversary of WisÅ‚a Kraków FC. A fireworks event (also called a fireworks display or fireworks show) is a spectacular display of the effects... Nickname: DC, The District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia. ... The presidential seal was used by President Hayes in 1880 and last modified in 1969 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii. ... Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. ... Traditional wooden cutter under sail. ... Boston is a town and small port c. ... Nickname: Big Apple, City that never Sleeps Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area    - City 1,214. ... Operation Sail refers to a series of sailing events held to celebrate special occasions and features sailing vessels from around the world. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of 16 sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ...

Local observances included painting mailboxes and fire hydrants red, white, and blue.

NASA commemorated the bicentennial by painting an American flag and the bicentennial emblem on the side of the Vehicle Assembly Building. The emblem remained until 1998, when it was painted over with the NASA emblem. NASA originally planned for Viking 1 to land on Mars on July 4, but the landing was delayed to a later date. NASA Insignia Listen to this article · (info) This audio file was created from an article revision dated 2005-09-01, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. ... The vast Vehicle Assembly Building at the Kennedy Space Center (2005). ... The Viking 1 was the first of two spacecraft sent to Mars as part of NASAs Viking program. ...

Many commercial products were marketed in packages tying them to the Bicentennial, usually distinguished by red, white & blue coloring. The official Bicentennial star emblem was trademarked and only allowed to be used on products by paid license.

John Warner, later elected to the United States Senate from Virginia, was director of the Federal office coordinating observances of the Bicentennial. John William Warner (born February 18, 1927) is an American statesman and politician, who served as Secretary of the Navy from 1972-1974 and has served as a Republican senator from Virginia since 1979. ... Seal of the U.S. Senate The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress, the other being the House of Representatives. ... Official language(s) English Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Area  Ranked 35th  - Total 42,793 sq mi (110,862 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 7. ...

The Bicentennal on Television

Related Network Television Programs aired July 3-4, 1976

  • Great American History Test (CBS)
  • Inventing of America (NBC)
  • In Celebration of US (CBS), 14 hour coverage hosted by Walter Cronkite
  • Glorious Fourth (NBC), 10 hour coverage
  • Great American Birthday Party (ABC), hosted by Harry Reasoner
  • Happy Birthday, America (NBC), hosted by Paul Anka
  • Bob Hope's Bicentennial Star-Spangled Spectacular (NBC)
  • Best of the Fourth (NBC), recap with David Brinkley and John Chancellor

Walter Leland Cronkite, Jr. ... Harry Reasoner (April 17, 1923 – August 6, 1991) was an American journalist known for his use of language as a television commentator. ... Paul Anka receiving the Order of Canada from Governor General Adrienne Clarkson in a ceremony performed at Rideau Hall on Friday, June 10, 2005. ... Bob Hope, KBE, KCSG, (May 29, 1903 – July 27, 2003), born Leslie Townes Hope, was a famous British-born American entertainer who appeared in vaudeville, on Broadway, on radio and television, in movies, and in performing tours for U.S. Military personnel. ... David Brinkley David McClure Brinkley (July 10, 1920 – June 11, 2003) was an American television newscaster for NBC and, later, ABC. From 1956 through 1970 he co-anchored NBCs nightly news program The Huntley–Brinkley Report with Chet Huntley. ... Chancellor (left), with David Brinkley, in a 1976 ad for the NBC Radio network. ...

Saturday Morning Bicentennial Programs

In the months approaching the Bicentennial, Schoolhouse Rock, a series of educational cartoon shorts running on ABC between programs on Saturday mornings, created a sub-series called "History Rock," although the official name was "America Rock." The ten segments covered various aspects of American history and government. Schoolhouse Rock! is a series of 46 educational shorts featuring rock songs about schoolroom topics, including grammar, science, economics and American history and politics. ... An animated cartoon is a short, hand-drawn (or made with computers to look similar to something hand-drawn) film for the cinema, television or computer screen, featuring some kind of story or plot (even if it is a very short one). ...

And in 1975, CBS did its bit on Saturday morning with a new animated Archie series, "The U.S. of Archie"; unfortunately, that version was unsuccessful, and was off the air by September 1976. Archie may refer to: Archie Andrews (puppet) -- Ventriloquists puppet Archie Bunker -- a sitcom character from the 1970s. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

See also

Bicentennial Minutes was the name of a series of short public-service television segments commemorating the 1976 United States Bicentennial. ... The final stamp in the Bicentennial Series was issued in 1983 The Bicentennial Series was a lengthy series of American commemorative postage stamps. ...

Gallery of images

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