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Encyclopedia > United Socialist Workers' Party
Brazil

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Politics and government of
Brazil
Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Brazil. ... Brazil is a federal republic with 26 states and a federal district (see: States of Brazil). ...



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The Unified Socialist Workers' Party (Portuguese: Partido Socialista dos Trabalhadores Unificado, PSTU) is a Trotskyist organisation in Brazil. It is the largest section of the International Workers' League (Fourth International) (LIT), an international body of groups in the Morenoist tradition. Brazils bicameral National Congress (Portuguese: Congresso Nacional) consists of the Federal Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. ... Brazils bicameral National Congress (Portuguese: Congresso Nacional) consists of the Federal Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. ... The Chamber of Deputies of Brazil (Portuguese: Câmara dos Deputados) is a federal legislative body and the lower house of the National Congress of Brazil. ... Brazilian Presidential Standard The first president of Brazil was Deodoro da Fonseca, who proclaimed the republic in a military coup detât against the Emperor Dom Pedro II. Since then, Brazil had six constitutions, two dictatorships and three democratic periods. ... Category: ... The Supreme Federal Tribunal (in Portuguese Supremo Tribunal Federal, or simply STF) is the highest court of law of the Federative Republic of Brazil. ... This article lists political parties in Brazil. ... Brazil elects on the national level a head of state – the president – and a legislature. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... In 2006, Brazil held general elections in two rounds. ... Brazil is divided into 26 estados (states, singular: estado) and one district, the Distrito Federal (Brazilian Federal District) which contains the capital city, Brasília. ... This is a list of the current governors of the States of Brazil. ... There are serious issues in regard to abuses of human rights in Brazil. ... Traditionally, Brazil has been a leader in the inter-American community and has played an important role in collective security efforts, as well as in economic cooperation in the Western Hemisphere. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... Trotskyism is the theory of Marxism as advocated by Leon Trotsky. ... See also the Workers International League. ... Nahuel Moreno (April 24, 1924 - January 25, 1987) (real name Hugo Bressano) was a Trotskyist leader from Argentina. ...


The origins of the PSTU can be traced to 1972 when a number of Brazilian militants from a variety of political backgrounds contacted the United Secretariat of the Fourth International (USFI). These militants formed the Starting Point group in Salvador Allende's Chile, only to find themselves dispersed in 1973 when Allendes government was overthrown. Some members of Turning Point fled to Argentina and founded the Workers League. 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... The United Secretariat of the Fourth International (USFI) is the largest Trotskyist international organisation. ... Salvador Isabelino del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús Allende Gossens[1] (July 26, 1908 – September 11, 1973) was President of Chile from November 1970 until his removal from power and death on September 11, 1973. ...


Returning to Brazil in 1974, the Workers League commenced publication of the magazine Workers Independence and recruited new members from within the student movement. By 1977 the group had grown to 300 members. At this point Nahuel Moreno of the Argentinian Socialist Workers Party (PST) organised the Bolshevik Faction within the USFI, to which the Workers League adhered. 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Nahuel Moreno (April 24, 1924 - January 25, 1987) (real name Hugo Bressano) was a Trotskyist leader from Argentina. ...


In 1978 the Workers League formed the Movimento Convergência Socialista (CS) as part of a tactic aimed at the establishment of a new mass socialist party. The Workers League also renamed itself the Socialist Workers Party (PST). Later in the year a number of members of were jailed, alongside them Nahuel Moreno. An international campaign for their release won the support of Gabriel García Márquez. Gabriel José García Márquez also known as Gabo, (born March 6, 1928) is a Colombian Nobel laureate in literature novelist, journalist, publisher, and political activist. ...


By 1979 CS was part of a growing campaign for a new Workers Party and played an important role in the metal working strikes that took place in the ABC region that year. In January the PST fully integrated itself into the CS ending its separate organisational form. The following year again saw CS taking a role in the important 40 days strike in the ABC region. Its own growth was marked by the attendance of 3,000 people at a rally of the CS and Moreno's international tendency, then linked to Pierre Lambert's France-based tendency. By 1982 Moreno and Lambert had parted company and the former organised the Workers International League (Fourth International) to which CS affiliated. The Workers Party is a name used by various political parties throughout the world. ... Pierre Lambert (born June 9, 1920) (real name Pierre Boussel) is a French Trotskyist leader. ...


In the early 1980s CS took part in the founding of the Central Unica dos Trabalhadores (CUT) union centre as strikes spread through Brazil along with other forms of social unrest. They were also to form part of the Workers' Party when it was founded in 1980 and recognised officially by the state in 1982. As an officially recognised platform or faction of the PT, the CS saw a number of its members elected to national, state and local legislative bodies during the 1980s. Wikinews has news related to this article: Category:Political crisis in Brazil The Partido dos Trabalhadores (Portuguese for Workers Party) is a left-wing political party in Brazil. ...


The affiliation of CS with the PT was not to last and by late 1991 the leadership of the latter was concerned at the activities of some PT factions particularly CS. This situation arose due to the involvement of CS in extra-parliamentary struggles and deepened in 1992 as the CS campaigned against Collor government and the IMF. The situation continued to deteriorate and in June CS was expelled from CS. In response the CS formed the Revolutionary Front which at a Congress in April 1993 became the PSTU with the fusion of CS into the new party alongside a number of smaller groups including Democracia Operária (RS), the PFS, MSR (PE), Liga and the CS. 21 of April Movement. Fernando Collor de Mello Fernando Affonso Collor de Mello (born August 12, 1949) was president of Brazil from 1990 to 1992. ... The flag of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is the international organization entrusted with overseeing the global financial system by monitoring foreign exchange rates and balance of payments, as well as offering technical and financial assistance when asked. ...


Since then the PSTU has continued as a persistent presence in the Brazilian labour and social movements to the left of the PT. It has lost a number of members in splits, most recently to the newly-formed PSOL which it refused to become a part of. It contests national and local elections as well as being involved in social movements, particularly the labor movement and student movement. The PSTU publishes the weekly newspaper Opinião Socialista (Socialist Opinion) and is the main group contributing to the journal Marxism Alive/Marxismo Vivo. The Pstu (Partido Socialista dos Trabalhadores Unificado) is the Brazilian section of the International Alloy of the Workers - International Quarter (Lit) with which the Italian Progetto Comunista Rifondare l'Opposizione dei Lavoratori(PC Rol,[1]) has for a long time started an intense political relationship and of mutual collaboration. The Pstu - that it is also the main force of the Brazilian left extreme was introduced to the elections in the Third Pole (alternative to the two poles of the bourgeois alternation and to you respect candidates of centrosinistra and centrodestra, Lula and Alckmin to you), Third Pole that expressed the candidacy to president of Heloísa Helena Lima de Moraes Carvalho, former managing of the Pt (the party of Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva) expelled from the Pt with to others for its opposition to the bourgeois political of the government and in particular to the controriforma of the pensions. The Pstu has participated to the electoral block on the base of just a program but to the contempo participating to this electoral forehead and of fight that has grouped the best political and trade-union avanguards of Brazil them and that it has catalyzed a consent around one proposed of breach with the two bourgeois poles. The Third Pole (that is the left extreme) has taken 6.8% of ballots. That it is more or less the equivalent of the separation between Lula (in head) and Alckmin, than will be confronted in according to turn (in which the Pstu it has already declared just the appeal to a null ballot). Progetto Comunista Rifondare l'Opposizione dei Lavoratori(PC Rol, [2]) has for a long time started an intense political relationship and of mutual collaboration with the Pstu with the article exchange and above all with the participation of managing its and the International Alloy of international Worker-Quarter (Lit) on the summery seminary and to the National board meeting of PC Rol that it has already it has launched documents for the congressuale phase in sight of the birth of a new one Revolutionary Communist Party. Heloísa Helena in 2006 Heloísa Helena Lima de Moraes Carvalho, pron. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


See also

There are, at present, a number of communist parties active in various countries across the world, and a number who used to be active. ...

External links

  • Official web site (in Portuguese)
  • Progetto Comunista Rifondare l'Opposizione dei Lavoratori (in Italian)
  • Progetto Comunista Rifondare l'Opposizione dei Lavoratori -Wikipedia (in Italian)

Sources

  • http://www.pstu.org.br/historia.asp

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