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Encyclopedia > United Republic of Tanzania

The United Republic of (Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania in Swahili) is a country on the east coast of central Africa. It is bordered by Kenya and Uganda on the north, Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo on the west, and Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique on the south. To the east it borders the Indian Ocean. Swahili (also called Kiswahili; see Kiswahili for a discussion of the nomenclature) is an agglutinative Bantu language widely spoken in East Africa. ... Categories: Africa geography stubs | Central Africa ... Kenya (pronounced as KEN-ya) is a country of East Africa, bordering Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda and the Indian Ocean. ... The Republic of Uganda is a country in east central Africa. ... National motto: Liberty, Cooperation, Progress National anthem: Rwanda nziza Capital Kigali 1° 57′ S, 30° 4′ E Largest city Kigali Official languages French, Kinyarwanda, English, Swahili Government President Prime Minister republic; pres. ... The Republika yu Burundi (formerly Urundi) is a small landlocked nation in the Great Lakes region of Africa. ... The Democratic Republic of the Congo is a nation in central Africa and the third largest country on the continent. ... Zambia is a republic in south central Africa. ... The Republic of Malawi is a land-locked nation in east Africa. ... Mozambique is also the name given to a style of music from the 1960s, an advanced rumba by Peyo el AfroCán Mozambique is a country in Southern Africa, bordering South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe. ... The Indian Ocean is the third-largest body of water in the world, covering about 20% of the Earths water surface. ...

Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania
Coat of Arms of Tanzania
(Flag) (Coat of Arms)
National motto: Uhuru na Umoja (Swahili: Freedom and Unity)
National anthem: Mungu ibariki Afrika (God Bless Africa)
Location of Tanzania
Capital Dodoma (Dar es Salaam)
6° 00′ S, 35° 00′ E
Largest city Dar-es-Salaam
Official languages Swahili, English
Government Republic
Benjamin William Mkapa
Frederick Sumaye
Independence
 -Tanganyika
 -Zanzibar
 -Merge
From the United Kingdom
December 9, 1961
December 19, 1963
April 26, 1964
Area
 - Total
 - Water (%)
 
945,090 km² (30)
6.2%
Population
 - 2004 est.
 - 2000 census
 - Density
 
36,588,225 (33)
35,922,454
20/km² (163)
GDP (PPP)
 - Total
 - Per capita
2003 estimate
21,9131 (97)
611 (165)
Currency Tanzanian shilling (TZS)
Time zone
 - Summer (DST)
MSK (UTC+3)
not observed (UTC+3)
Internet TLD .tz
Calling code +255 (007 from Kenya and Uganda)
1 Data refers to mainland Tanzania only.

The capital of Tanzania was officially moved from Dar es Salaam to Dodoma in 1996, although many government offices remain in Dar es Salaam. Large flag of Tanzania Image originally derived from the public domain flags of the CIA World Factbook. ... Tanzanian Coat of Arms This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ... Flag ratio: 2:3 The flag of Tanzania was adopted in 1964. ... Here is a list of state mottos for countries and their subdivisions around the world. ... Swahili (also called Kiswahili; see Kiswahili for a discussion of the nomenclature) is an agglutinative Bantu language widely spoken in East Africa. ... This is a list of national anthems. ... Mungu ibariki Afrika is the national anthem of Tanzania Categories: National anthems | Tanzania ... File links The following pages link to this file: Tanzania User:DanielZm/test ... In politics a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ... Dodoma, population 324,347 ( 2002 census), is the official capital of Tanzania and also the capital of the Dodoma (region). ... Dar es Salaam (دار السلام), formerly Mzizima, is the largest city (pop. ... Population distribution in Tanzania is extremely uneven. ... Dar es Salaam (دار السلام), formerly Mzizima, is the largest city (pop. ... An official language is something that is given a unique status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... Swahili (also called Kiswahili; see Kiswahili for a discussion of the nomenclature) is an agglutinative Bantu language widely spoken in East Africa. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... This is a list of countries categorized by system of government currently in use. ... This page contains a list of presidents of Tanzania. ... Alternative meaning: Prime Minister (band) A prime minister is the leading member of the cabinet of the top level government in a parliamentary system of government of a country, alternatively A prime minister is an official in a presidential system or semi-presidential system whose duty is to execute the... In a broad definition a republic is a state or country that is led by people that dont found their power status on any principle beyond the control of the people living in that state or country. ... Benjamin William Mkapa (born November 12, 1938) is the president of the United Republic of Tanzania (since 1995), for the Revolutionary State Party. ... Frederick Tluway Sumaye (born 1950) is the current Prime Minister of Tanzania. ... Independence is autonomous self-government of a country by its residents and indigenous population. ... The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the G8, the European Union, and NATO. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, the UK, or (inaccurately) as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent... December 9 is the 343rd day (344th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1961 (As MAD Magazine pointed out on its first cover for the year) was the first upside-down year - i. ... December 19 is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January-February January 11 - The Whisky A Go-Go night club in Los Angeles, the first disco in the USA, is opened. ... April 26 is the 116th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (117th in leap years). ... Here is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... Here is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... This is a list of sovereign states and other territories by population. ... This article is in need of attention. ... Population density can be used as a measurement of any tangible item. ... This is a list of sovereign states and other territories by population. ... List of countries/dependencies by population density in inhabitants/km². The figures in this table are based on areas including inland water bodies (lakes, reservoirs, rivers. ... This is a list of the worlds economies sorted by their Gross domestic product (GDP) at market or government official exchange rates. ... In economics, purchasing power parity (PPP) is a method used to calculate an alternative exchange rate between the currencies of two countries. ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of Freshwater The European Disability Year Events January events January 1 Luíz Inácio Lula Da Silva becomes the 37th President of Brazil. ... Here is a list of countries of the world sorted by their Gross domestic product (GDP), the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. ... Here is a list of countries of the world sorted by their Gross domestic product (PPP) per capita, the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year, divided by population as of 1 July for the same year. ... The current curency used in Tanzania, althought the wide spread use of U.S. Dollars is accepted. ... ISO 4217 is an international standard describing three letter codes to define the names of currencies established by the International Organization for Standardization or ISO. The first two letters of the code are the two letters of ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country codes (which are similar to those used... -1... Daylight saving time (also called DST, or Summer Time) is the portion of the year in which a regions local time is advanced by (usually) one hour from its standard official time. ... Moscow Time (MSK) is the time zone 3 hours ahead of UTC. Categories: Stub | Time zones ... UTC also stands for the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga Coordinated Universal Time or UTC, also sometimes referred to as Zulu time, is an atomic realization of Universal Time or Greenwich mean time, the astronomical basis for civil time. ... UTC also stands for the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga Coordinated Universal Time or UTC, also sometimes referred to as Zulu time, is an atomic realization of Universal Time or Greenwich mean time, the astronomical basis for civil time. ... The following is a list of currently existing Internet Top-level domains (TLDs). ... .tz is the Internet country code top-level domain ( ccTLD) for Tanzania. ... Dar es Salaam (دار السلام), formerly Mzizima, is the largest city (pop. ... Dodoma, population 324,347 ( 2002 census), is the official capital of Tanzania and also the capital of the Dodoma (region). ...

Contents

History

Main article: History of Tanzania What is now Tanzania was a colony and part of Germany from the 1880s to 1919. ...


The area was a German colony from the 1880s to 1919, then became a British trust territory from 1919 to 1961. Julius Nyerere became Minister of British-administered Tanganyika in 1960, and continued as Prime Minister when Tanganyika became independent in 1961. Tanganyika and Zanzibar (which had become independent in 1963) merged to form the nation of Tanzania on April 26, 1964. Nyerere introduced a form of African socialism termed Ujama, which emphasized justice and equality, but proved economically disastrous, leading to food shortages as collective farms failed. This article refers to a colony in politics and history. ... Events and Trends Technology Development and commercial production of electric lighting Development and commercial production of gasoline-powered automobile by Karl Benz, Gottlieb Daimler and Maybach First commercial production and sales of phonographs and phonograph recordings. ... 1961 (As MAD Magazine pointed out on its first cover for the year) was the first upside-down year - i. ... Julius Kambarage Nyerere (April 13, 1922 - October 14, 1999) was President of Tanzania, and previously Tanganyika, from the countrys founding until his retirement. ... Tanganyika was an East African republic within the British Commonwealth, named after Lake Tanganyika, which formed its western border. ... Tanganyika was an East African republic within the British Commonwealth, named after Lake Tanganyika, which formed its western border. ... Map of Zanzibars main island Zanzibar, Tanzania, comprises a pair of islands off the east coast of Africa called Zanzibar (Unguja) (1994 est. ... April 26 is the 116th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (117th in leap years). ...


In 1979, Tanzania declared war on Uganda after Uganda invaded and tried to annex Tanzanian territory in the north of the country. Tanzania not only expelled Ugandan forces, but also invaded Uganda itself, forcing the ouster of Idi Amin. 1979 is a common year starting on Monday. ... The Republic of Uganda is a country in east central Africa. ... Idi Amin Dada General Idi Amin Dada Oumee (May 17, 1928? - August 16, 2003) was the military dictator of Uganda from January 25, 1971, to April 13, 1979. ...


Nyerere handed over power to Ali Hassan Mwinyi in 1985, but retained control of the ruling party as Chairman until 1990, when he handed that responsibility to Mwinyi. One-party rule came to an end in October 1995 when Tanzania held its first ever multi-party election. Benjamin Mkapa was subsequently sworn in as the new president of the United Republic of Tanzania on 23 November 1995. Ali Hassan Mwinyi (born May 8, 1925) was the president of the United Republic of Tanzania from 1985 to 1995. ... Benjamin William Mkapa (born November 12, 1938) is the president of the United Republic of Tanzania (since 1995), for the Revolutionary State Party. ... November 23 is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 38 days remaining. ...


On December 26, 2004, one of the deadliest natural disasters in modern history, the Indian Ocean earthquake, struck off the western coast of Sumatra. The earthquake and subsequent tsunamis reportedly killed over 220,000 people around the rim of the Indian Ocean. Tanzania was somewhat hit by this tsunami; 11 were killed. December 26 is the 360th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, 361st in leap years. ... The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake was an undersea earthquake that occurred at 00:58:53 UTC (07:58:53 local time) on December 26, 2004. ... Sumatra (also spelled Sumatara and Sumatera) is the sixth largest island of the world (approximately 470,000 km²) and is the largest part of Indonesia. ... Global earthquake epicenters, 1963–1998. ... The tsunami that struck Malé in the Maldives on December 26, 2004. ... The Indian Ocean is the third-largest body of water in the world, covering about 20% of the Earths water surface. ...


Politics

Main article: Politics of Tanzania Tanzanias president and National Assembly members are elected concurrently by direct popular vote for 5-year terms. ...


Tanzania's president and National Assembly members are elected concurrently by direct popular vote for 5-year terms. The president appoints a prime minister who serves as the government's leader in the National Assembly. The president selects his cabinet from among National Assembly members. The Constitution also empowers him to nominate 10 non-elected members of Parliament, who also are eligible to become cabinet members. Elections for president and all National Assembly seats will be held in October 2005.


The unicameral National Assembly elected in 2000 has 295 members. These 295 members include the Attorney General, five members elected from the Zanzibar House of Representatives to participate in the Parliament, the special women's seats which are made up of 20% of the seats a particular party has in the House, 181 constituents seats of members of Parliament from the mainland, and 50 seats from Zanzibar. Also in the list are 48 appointed for women and the seats for the 10 nominated members of Parliament. At present, the ruling CCM holds about 93% of the seats in the Assembly. Laws passed by the National Assembly are valid for Zanzibar only in specifically designated union matters.


Zanzibar's House of Representatives has jurisdiction over all non-union matters. There are currently 76 members in the House of Representatives in Zanzibar, including 50 elected by the people, 10 appointed by the president of Zanzibar, 5 ex officio members, and an attorney general appointed by the president. In May 2002, the government increased the number of special seats allocated to women from 10 to 15, which will increase the number of House of Representatives members to 81. Ostensibly, Zanzibar's House of Representatives can make laws for Zanzibar without the approval of the union government as long as it does not involve union-designated matters. The terms of office for Zanzibar's president and House of Representatives also are 5 years. The semiautonomous relationship between Zanzibar and the union is a relatively unique system of government.


Tanzania has a five-level judiciary combining the jurisdictions of tribal, Islamic, and British common law. Appeal is from the primary courts through the district courts, resident magistrate courts, to the high courts, and Court of Appeals. Judges are appointed by the Chief Justice, except those for the Court of Appeals and the High Court who are appointed by the president. The Zanzibari court system parallels the legal system of the union, and all cases tried in Zanzibari courts, except for those involving constitutional issues and Islamic law, can be appealed to the Court of Appeals of the union. A commercial court was established in September 1999 as a division of the High Court.


For administrative purposes, Tanzania is divided into 26 regions--21 on the mainland, 3 on Zanzibar, and 2 on Pemba. Ninety-nine district councils have been created to further increase local authority. These districts are also now referred to as local government authorities. Currently there are 114 councils operating in 99 districts, 22 are urban and 92 are rural. The 22 urban units are classified further as city (Dar es Salaam and Mwanza), municipal (Arusha, Dodoma, Iringa, Kilimanjaro, Mbeya, Morogoro, Shinyanga, Tabora, and Tanga), and town councils (the remaining 11 communities). Mwanza is a city in northwest Tanzania and a southern port of Lake Victoria. ...


Geography

Enlarge
Map of Tanzania

Main article: Geography of Tanzania Insert non-formatted text heremap of Tanzania, converted directly from CIA World Factbook GIF This image is in the public domain in the United States and possibly other jurisdictions. ... Insert non-formatted text heremap of Tanzania, converted directly from CIA World Factbook GIF This image is in the public domain in the United States and possibly other jurisdictions. ... Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique. ...


Economy

Main article: Economy of Tanzania History Significant measures have been taken to liberalize the Tanzanian economy along market lines and encourage both foreign and domestic private investment. ...


Tanzania is one of the poorest countries in the world. The economy is heavily dependent on agriculture, which accounts for half of GDP, provides 85% of exports, and employs 90% of the work force. Topography and climatic conditions, however, limit cultivated crops to only 4% of the land area. Industry is mainly limited to processing agricultural products and light consumer goods. The World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and bilateral donors have provided funds to rehabilitate Tanzania's deteriorated economic infrastructure. Although it has vast amount of natural resources like gold deposits, beautiful national parks which are underdeveloped and less exploited thus they generate little revenue. Growth in 1991-99 has featured a pickup in industrial production and a substantial increase in output of minerals, led by gold. Natural gas exploration in the Rufiji Delta looks promising and production could start by 2002. Recent banking reforms have helped increase private sector growth and investment. Short-term economic progress also depends on curbing corruption and cutting on unnecessary public spending [1] (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/3719712.stm).


Demographics

Main article: Demographics of Tanzania Population distribution in Tanzania is extremely uneven. ...


Population distribution in Tanzania is extremely uneven. Density varies from 1 person per square kilometer (3 per sq. mi.) in arid regions to 51 per square kilometer (133 per sq. mi.) in the mainland's well-watered highlands to 134 per square kilometer (347 per sq. mi.) on Zanzibar. More than 80% of the population is rural. Dar es Salaam is the capital and largest city; Dodoma, located in the center of Tanzania, has been designated the new capital and the Parliament sits there, although action to move the capital has stalled.


The African population consists of more than 120 ethnic groups, of which the Sukuma, Haya, Nyakyusa, Nyamwezi, and Chaga have more than 1 million members. The majority of Tanzanians, including such large tribes as the Sukuma and the Nyamwezi, are of Bantu stock. Groups of Nilotic or related origin include the nomadic Masai and the Luo, both of which are found in greater numbers in neighboring Kenya. Two small groups speak languages of the Khoisan family peculiar to the Bushman and Hottentot peoples. Cushitic-speaking peoples, originally from the Ethiopian highlands, reside in a few areas of Tanzania. The Sukuma are one of the largest ethnic groups in Tanzania, representing about 13 percent of the total population. ... The Nyamwezi (also Wanyamwezi) are the second largest ethnic group in Tanzania. ... The Chagga (or Chaga) are the third largest ethnic group in Tanzania. ...


Although much of Zanzibar's African population came from the mainland, one group known as Shirazis traces its origins to the island's early Persian settlers. Non-Africans residing on the mainland and Zanzibar account for 1% of the total population. The Asian community, including Hindus, Sikhs, Shi'a and Sunni Muslims, and Goans, has declined by 50% in the past decade to 50,000 on the mainland and 4,000 on Zanzibar. An estimated 70,000 Arabs and 10,000 Europeans reside in Tanzania.


Each ethnic group has its own language, but the national language is Kiswahili, a Bantu-based tongue with strong Arabic borrowings.


Regions

Main article: Regions of Tanzania Tanzania is divided into 25 regions (capitals in parentheses): Arusha (Arusha) Dar es Salaam (Dar es Salaam) Dodoma (Dodoma) Iringa (Iringa) Kagera (Bukoba) Kigoma (Kigoma) Kilimanjaro (Moshi) Lindi (Lindi) Mara (Musoma) Mbeya (Mbeya) Morogoro (Morogoro) Mtwara (Mtwara) Mwanza (Mwanza) Pemba North (Wete) Pemba South (Mkoani) Pwani (Kibaha) Rukwa (Sumbawanga) Ruvuma...


Tanzania is divided into 26 regions: Arusha, Dar es Salaam, Dodoma, Iringa, Kagera, Kigoma, Kilimanjaro, Lindi, Manyara, Mara, Mbeya, Morogoro, Mtwara, Mwanza, Pemba North, Pemba South, Pwani, Rukwa, Ruvuma, Shinyanga, Singida, Tabora, Tanga, Zanzibar Central/South, Zanzibar North, Zanzibar Urban/West A region can be any area that has some unifying feature. ... Arusha is a city in northern Tanzania. ... Dar es Salaam (دار السلام), formerly Mzizima, is the largest city (pop. ... Dodoma, population 324,347 ( 2002 census), is the official capital of Tanzania and also the capital of the Dodoma (region). ... Categories: Stub | Tanzania ... Kagera is the northern province of Tanzania. ... Kilimanjaro is a mountain in northeastern Tanzania. ... Lindi is both a seaside town (2003 pop. ... Morogoro is a city with an urban population of just over 200,000 (as of 2002) in the southern highlands of Tanzania, 190 km west of Dar es Salaam. ... Mtwara is one of the Southern regions of Tanzania which have been underdeveloped for a long time for various justifiable reasons and constraints. ... Mwanza is a city in northwest Tanzania and a southern port of Lake Victoria. ... Ruvuma is a region in Tanzania. ... For other meanings, see Tanga (Portugal), Tanga (clothing) and Tanga (Movie). ...


Culture

Main article: Culture of Tanzania

Tarabu Music[2] (http://www.mwambao.com/tarab.htm) is a fusion of Swahili tunes sung in rhythmic poem spiced with Arabic or at times Indian melodies. It is an extremely lively art form springs from a classical culture, still immensely popular drawing all the time from old and new sources, a major part of social life of the Swahili people of the coast. Wherever the Swahili speaking people travelled. Tarabu culture moved with them. It has penetrated to as far as Uganda. Rwanda and Burundi in the interior of East Africa. In the Persian Gulf, Dubai and Muscat play host to many groups of Tarabu who perform in these capitals frequently. The most internationally famous form of music from Zanzibar (one half of Tanzania with Tanganyika) is taarab, which was invented by the Kiswahili Muslim minority. ... African Writers (by country): This is a list of literary figures from the African continent, listed by country, including poets, novelists, childrens writers, essayists, and scholars, listed by country. ...


These days a taarab revolution [3]  (http://www.swahilicoast.com/taarab_music_of_zanzibar.htm) is taking place and much heated debate continues about the music which has been changed drastically by the East African Melody phenomenon. Melody, as they are affectionately known by their mostly women fans, play modern taarab, which, for the first time, is 'taarab to dance to' and features direct lyrics, by passing the unwritten laws of lyrical subtlety of the older groups. Much of their music is composed and played on keyboards, increasing portability, hence the group is much smaller in number than 'real taarab' orchestras and therefore more readily available to tour and play shows throughout the region.


Tanzanian music has been lacking its identity for quite a long time, this is partly attributed to the influx of musicians from the Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Zaire), who were entering the country as refugees. But in recent years, mainly from the mid-nineties, a new breed of young Tanzanian musicians has emerged. The Democratic Republic of the Congo, called Zaïre between 1971 and 1997, is a nation in central Africa. ...


The Tanzanian artistes have devised a new style going by the name of "Bongo Flava", which is blend of all sorts of melodies, beats, rhythms and sounds. The trend among the Tanzanian music consumers has started changing towards favouring products from their local artists who sing in Swahili, the national language. Hip hop music is a musical genre invented by African Americans in New York City in the 1970s. ... Swahili (also called Kiswahili; see Kiswahili for a discussion of the nomenclature) is an agglutinative Bantu language widely spoken in East Africa. ...


The mushrooming of FM music stations and cheap production studios has been a major boost to the music industry in the country. Contemporary artists like Lady Jaydee, Mr Nice and many others command a huge audience of followers in the country and neighbouring countries. Categories: Wikipedia cleanup ...


More information about Tanzanian music and events can be found on the various portals that have sprung up recently. Tanzania has an enormously high growth-rate for internet technologies, estimated at up to 500% per year. Because costs for computers are still quite high many users share connections at internet cafes or at work. naomba.com business directory (http://www.naomba.com), Movie and Sports information (http://www.tanzaniadirectory.info), Arusha locality information (http://www.tanzaniayangu.com) all are part of an increasing number of websites dedicated to the region.


Communications

Telecommunication services in Tanzania are often very unreliable. The mobile telephone services are usually available only in urban areas, although there are currently efforts to provide nationwide mobile phone coverage. [4]  (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/4036503.stm)


mobile phone companies

  • Vodacom
  • Celtel
  • Mobitel
  • Zantel
  • Tanzania Telecommunications Company

Miscellaneous topics

This article incorporates information from The World Factbook, which is in the public domain. Telephones - main lines in use: 127,000 (1998) Telephones - mobile cellular: 30,000 (1999) Telephone system: fair system operating below capacity and being modernized for better service; VSAT (very small aperture terminal) system under construction domestic: trunk service provided by open wire, microwave radio relay, tropospheric scatter, and fiber-optic... World Factbook 2004 cover The World Factbook is an annual publication by the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States with basic almanac-style information about the various countries of the world. ... Railways: total: 3,690 km narrow gauge: 2,721 km 1. ... World Factbook 2004 cover The World Factbook is an annual publication by the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States with basic almanac-style information about the various countries of the world. ... Military branches: Tanzanian Peoples Defense Force (including Army, Navy, and Air Force), paramilitary Police Field Force Unit (including Police Marine Unit and Police Air Wing), territorial militia Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 8,477,193 (2003 est. ... World Factbook 2004 cover The World Factbook is an annual publication by the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States with basic almanac-style information about the various countries of the world. ... Tanzania is embroiled in a dispute with Malawi over the boundary in Lake Nyasa (Lake Malawi). ... World Factbook 2004 cover The World Factbook is an annual publication by the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States with basic almanac-style information about the various countries of the world. ... 10-cent flag, 1965 The story of the postage stamps and postal history of Tanzania begins with German East Africa, which was occupied by British forces during World War I. After the war, the territory was named Tanganyika and issued stamps under that name until after a union with Zanzibar... The World Factbook is an annual publication by the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States with basic almanac-style information about the various countries of the world. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


External links

  • Editorial - "Tanzania: An Example Of What Third World Should Not Do" (http://www.globalpolitician.com/articles.asp?ID=256)
  • Editorial - "Now, some good news from Africa" (http://www.iht.com/articles/2005/04/14/opinion/edpower.html)


Countries in Africa

Algeria | Angola | Benin | Botswana | Burkina Faso | Burundi | Cameroon | Cape Verde | Central African Republic | Chad | Comoros | Democratic Republic of the Congo | Republic of the Congo | Côte d'Ivoire | Djibouti | Egypt | Equatorial Guinea | Eritrea | Ethiopia | Gabon | The Gambia | Ghana | Guinea | Guinea-Bissau | Kenya | Lesotho | Liberia | Libya | Madagascar | Malawi | Mali | Mauritania | Mauritius | Morocco | Mozambique | Namibia | Niger | Nigeria | Rwanda | São Tomé and Príncipe | Senegal | Seychelles | Sierra Leone | Somalia | South Africa | Sudan | Swaziland | Tanzania | Togo | Tunisia | Uganda | Zambia | Zimbabwe | Western Sahara This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... The People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria, or Algeria, is a nation in north Africa, and the second largest country on the African continent. ... Angola is a country in southwestern Africa bordering Namibia, Congo-Kinshasa, and Zambia, and with a west coast along the Atlantic Ocean. ... The Republic of Benin is a nation of western Africa, formerly known as Dahomey. ... The Republic of Botswana (Lefatshe la Botswana) is a landlocked nation of southern Africa. ... Burkina Faso is a landlocked nation of western Africa. ... The Republika yu Burundi (formerly Urundi) is a small landlocked nation in the Great Lakes region of Africa. ... The Republic of Cameroon is a unitary republic of central Africa. ... Cape Verde (Portuguese: Cabo Verde) is a republic located on an archipelago of the North Atlantic Ocean, off the western coast of Africa. ... The Central African Republic is a land-locked country in central Africa. ... The Republic of Chad (تشاد) is a land-locked nation in central Africa. ... The Union of Comoros (until 2002 the Islamic Federal Republic of the Comoros) is principally a three-island country in southern Africa, situated at the northern end of the Mozambique Channel in the Indian Ocean, between northern Madagascar and northern Mozambique. ... The Democratic Republic of the Congo is a nation in central Africa and the third largest country on the continent. ... The Republic of the Congo, also known as Middle Congo, Congo-Brazzaville, and Congo (but not to be confused with the Democratic Republic of the Congo, formerly Zaire, which was also at one time known as the Republic of the Congo), is a former French colony of west-central Africa. ... Côte dIvoire (often called Ivory Coast in English; see below about the name) is a country in West Africa. ... The Republic of Djibouti (جيبوتي) is a country in eastern Africa, located in the Horn of Africa. ... The Arab Republic of Egypt, commonly known as Egypt, (in Arabic: مصر, romanized Miṣr or Maṣr, in Egyptian dialect) is a republic mostly located in north-eastern Africa. ... The Republic of Equatorial Guinea is a nation in central Africa, and one the smallest countries in continental Africa. ... National motto: None Official languages Tigrigna, Arabic and English Capital Asmara President Isaias Afewerki Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 96th 121,320 km² Negligible Population  - Total (2002)  - Density Ranked 118th 4,298,269 37/km² Independence  - Limited  - Fully From Ethiopia  May 29, 1991  May 24, 1993 Currency Nakfa Time zone UTC... The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (Ityopiya, Amharic ኢትዮጵያ) is a country situated in the Horn of Africa. ... The Gabonese Republic, or Gabon, is a nation of west central Africa. ... The Republic of The Gambia is a country in West Africa. ... The Republic of Ghana is a nation in West Africa. ... The Republic of Guinea (République de Guinée) is a nation in northwest Africa. ... The Republic of Guinea-Bissau is a country on the Atlantic coast of western Africa. ... Kenya (pronounced as KEN-ya) is a country of East Africa, bordering Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda and the Indian Ocean. ... The Kingdom of Lesotho (Muso oa Lesotho) is a country in southern Africa. ... The Republic of Liberia is a country on the west coast of Africa, bordered by Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Côte dIvoire. ... The Great Socialist Peoples Libyan Arab Jamahiriya or Libya (Arabic: ليبيا) is a country in North Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, located between Egypt on the east, Sudan on the southeast, Chad and Niger on the south and Algeria and Tunisia to the west. ... Madagascar is an island nation in the Indian Ocean, off the eastern coast of Africa. ... The Republic of Malawi is a land-locked nation in east Africa. ... See also the Empire of Mali and the town of Mali, Guinea. ... The Islamic Republic of Mauritania is a country in northwest Africa. ... The Republic of Mauritius is an island country in the southwest Indian Ocean, about 900 km east of Madagascar. ... The Kingdom of Morocco is a country in northwest Africa. ... Mozambique is also the name given to a style of music from the 1960s, an advanced rumba by Peyo el AfroCán Mozambique is a country in Southern Africa, bordering South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe. ... The Republic of Namibia is a country in southwestern Africa, on the Atlantic coast. ... Niger is a landlocked sub-Saharan country in Western Africa situated north of Nigeria, east of Mali, and south of Algeria and Libya, named after the Niger river. ... The Federal Republic of Nigeria is a country in West Africa and, by far, the most populated nation in Africa. ... National motto: Liberty, Cooperation, Progress National anthem: Rwanda nziza Capital Kigali 1° 57′ S, 30° 4′ E Largest city Kigali Official languages French, Kinyarwanda, English, Swahili Government President Prime Minister republic; pres. ... The Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe is a tiny two- island nation in the Gulf of Guinea, distanced 140 kilometers from one another, and situated about 250 and 225 kilometers, respectively, off the northwestern coast of Gabon. ... The Republic of Senegal is a country south of the Senegal River in West Africa. ... The Republic of Seychelles (say-SHELLS or say-SHELL) (Creole: Repiblik Sesel) is a nation of islands in the Indian Ocean, some 1,600 km east of mainland Africa, northeast of the island of Madagascar. ... The Republic of Sierra Leone is a country in West Africa, on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. ... Somalia (Somali: Soomaaliya; Arabic: الصومال, As-Sumal), formerly known as the Somali Democratic Republic, is a coastal nation in East Africa. ... The Republic of South Africa is a large republic located at the southern tip of the continent. ... The Republic of the Sudan, or Republic of Sudan (in recent years the definite article has increasingly been dropped in common usage) is the largest country in Africa, situated in the northeast part of the continent. ... The Kingdom of Swaziland (Ngwana) is a small country in southern Africa (one of the smallest on the continent), situated on the eastern slope of the Drakensberg mountains, embedded between South Africa in the west and Mozambique in the east. ... The Togolese Republic is a country in West Africa, bordering Ghana in the west, Benin in the east and Burkina Faso in the north. ... The Tunisian Republic (الجمهرية التونسية), or Tunisia, is a Muslim Arab country situated on the North African Mediterranean coast. ... The Republic of Uganda is a country in east central Africa. ... Zambia is a republic in south central Africa. ... The Republic of Zimbabwe is a country located in the southern part of the continent of Africa, between the Victoria Falls, Zambezi river, Kariba Dam and Limpopo river. ... Western Sahara (EH in ISO 3166-1) is a region of northwestern Africa, bordering Morocco on the north, Algeria on the northeast, Mauritania to the east and south, and the Atlantic Ocean on the west. ...

Dependencies: Canary Islands | Ceuta and Melilla | Madeira Islands | Mayotte | Réunion | Saint Helena and dependencies

  Results from FactBites:
 
CCPR/C/83/Add.2 - State Party Report - United Republic of Tanzania (10320 words)
But the fact is that Tanzania remains a secular State where there is a growing culture of complete acceptance by the population of the freedom of thought, conscience and religious worship and of the equality of all religions.
Article 9 (g) of the Constitution of the United Republic of Tanzania provides that State authorities and agencies are to direct their policies and activities towards ensuring that the Government and all public institutions provide equal opportunities to all citizens, men and women alike, irrespective of colour, race, tribe or religion or station in life.
The Constitution of the United Republic of Tanzania provides under section 21 (1) that all citizens have the right to participate in the governance of the country either directly or through their freely chosen representatives, in accordance with the procedure provided under the law.
UNICEF - At a glance: Tanzania, United Republic of - The big picture (587 words)
Tanzania is the largest East African country with an area of 937,062sq.
It was here in Tanzania that the famous words “Doctor Livingstone, I presume,” were uttered by Stanley, the 19th century explorer.
Leakey justifiably earned East Africa the title ‘The Cradle of Mankind.’ The United Republic of Tanzania is one of the few countries in the conflict-ridden Great Lakes Region that continues to enjoy uninterrupted peace.
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