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Encyclopedia > United Paramount Network
The official logo for UPN.
The official logo for UPN.

UPN (which originally stood for the United Paramount Network) is a television network in the United States, owned by Viacom Inc., which also owns the more widespread CBS network. Because of this dual corporate ownership, in several large American cities, the local CBS and UPN stations are operated as "duopolies." UPN This is a screenshot of a copyrighted website, video game graphic, computer program graphic, television broadcast, or film. ... UPN This is a screenshot of a copyrighted website, video game graphic, computer program graphic, television broadcast, or film. ... The Paramount Pictures logo used from 1987 to 1995. ... A television network is a distribution network for television content whereby a central operation provides programming for many television stations. ... Viacom (short for Video & Audio Communications) [pronunciation: pre-Redstone/pre-1987: vee-a-com; post-Redstone acquisition: vi-a-com] (NYSE: VIA), (NYSE: VIAB) is an international media conglomerate. ... CBSs first color logo, which debuted in the fall of 1965. ... A duopoly is a form of oligopoly where only two producers are present in a given market. ...

Contents


History

Paramount Pictures (the "P" in UPN) has played an pivotal role in the development of network television; it was a partner in the DuMont Television Network, and the Paramount Theaters chain, spun off from the corporate/studio parent, was an early, important component of the ABC television network's survival in the 1950s. In the wake of the successful Universal Studios ad hoc syndicated package Operation Prime Time (which featured first a miniseries adaptation of John Jakes's novel The Bastard and went on to several more productions), Paramount had earlier contemplated its own television network with the Paramount Television Service. Set to launch in Spring 1978, its programming would have only consisted of one night a week. Thirty "Movies of the Week" would have followed Star Trek: Phase II on Saturday nights. When the decision was made to transform Phase Two into Star Trek: The Motion Picture, plans for the new Paramount network were scrapped. The Paramount Pictures logo used from 1987 to 1995. ... The DuMont Television Network was the first licensed American television network, beginning operation in 1946 and predating CBS, NBC, and ABC as networks. ... The ABC Circle logo, designed by Paul Rand in 1962. ... Universal Studios logo This article is about the Universal Studios movie studio and Universal Hollywood theme park. ... John Jakes (born on March 31, 1932) is a writer of fiction. ... 1978 was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ... Star Trek: Phase II was a planned television series set to air in Spring 1978 on a proposed Paramount Television Service (which eventually became United Paramount Network) based on the characters of Gene Roddenberrys Star Trek. ... Star Trek: The Motion Picture (Paramount Pictures, 1979; see also 1979 in film) is the first feature film based on the popular Star Trek science fiction television series and is released on Friday, December 7. ...


But Paramount and its eventual parent Viacom didn't forget about the possibility. Independent stations, even more than network affiliates, were feeling the growing pressure of audience erosion to cable television in the 1980s and 1990s, and there were unaffiliated commercial stations in most of the major markets, at least, even after the foundation of FOX in 1985. Meanwhile, Paramount, long successful in syndication with repeats of Star Trek and I Love Lucy, found itself with several impressively popular first-run syndicated series by the turn of the 1990s, in Entertainment Tonight, The Arsenio Hall Show, Friday the 13th: The Series, and, perhaps most importantly of all, the two new Star Trek franchises, Star Trek: The Next Generation and Star Trek: Deep Space Nine. Meanwhile, the Paramount Station Group had been formed, with the purchase of the TVX Group of stations, mostly in major markets, a move not unlike that of the purchase of the Metromedia Group by Fox several years previously. All indicators suggested what was to come. Cable television or Community Antenna Television (CATV) (and often shortened to cable) is a system of providing television, FM radio programming and other services to consumers via radio waves transmitted directly to people’s televisions through fixed coaxial cables as opposed to the over-the-air method used in traditional... // Events and trends The 1980s marked an abrupt shift towards more conservative lifestyles after the momentous cultural revolutions which took place in the 1960s and 1970s and the definition of the AIDS virus in 1981. ... Events and trends The 1990s are generally classified as having moved slightly away from the more conservative 1980s, but keeping the same mind-set. ... A red fox The foxes comprise 23 species of omnivorous canids, found worldwide. ... The Enterprise boldly going where no man had gone before. ... I Love Lucy is a classic and most popular American sitcom from the 1950s, starring comedienne Lucille Ball, her husband Desi Arnaz, Vivian Vance and William Frawley. ... Entertainment Tonight is a daily television entertainment news magazine that is syndicated by Paramount Domestic Television throughout the United States and Canada. ... The Arsenio Hall Show was a talk show which aired on late night in syndication from 1989 to 1994. ... Friday the 13th: The Series was a television series that ran for three seasons, from September 1987 to May of 1990. ... The title as it appeared in most episodes opening credits. ... Space station Star Trek: Deep Space Nine (ST:DS9 or STDS9 or DS9 for short) is a science fiction television series produced by Paramount and set in the Star Trek universe. ...


UPN was launched January 16, 1995 as the United Paramount Network, a joint venture between Paramount and Chris-Craft Industries. The "U" in UPN came from United Television, a Chris-Craft subsidiary. Both companies owned independent stations in several large cities in the United States. Each controlled 50 percent of the network. The first telecast, the two-hour pilot of Star Trek: Voyager, was an auspiciously widely-viewed start; Voyager would never achieve such viewership levels again, nor would any of the series debuting on UPN's second night of broadcasting survive the season. (Two days later, The WB Network would debut, with four series, only one of which would survive its first season.) January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Chris-Craft Industries is a diversified corporation which began as an outgrowth of the manufacturing of the Chris-Craft brand of boats and luxury yachts. ... The starship Voyager (NCC-74656), an Intrepid-class starship. ... The WB Television Network is a television network in the United States, founded as a joint venture between the Warner Bros. ...


In 2000, Paramount's parent company, Viacom, bought out Chris-Craft's share to gain 100 percent control of the venture. Shortly afterward, Viacom dropped the "United" name for its new network, opting to change the official corporate name to be the three-letter initials, "UPN." Chris-Craft later sold its television group to Fox, creating FOX-UPN duopolies in some cities. The sale placed UPN's future in doubt, as it included the network's flagship, WWOR-TV in New York, as well as KCOP-TV in Los Angeles. (Fox has since bought the third-largest UPN affiliate, WPWR-TV in Chicago.) Viacom (short for Video & Audio Communications) [pronunciation: pre-Redstone/pre-1987: vee-a-com; post-Redstone acquisition: vi-a-com] (NYSE: VIA), (NYSE: VIAB) is an international media conglomerate. ... WWOR-TV (UPN 9) is the flagship station of the UPN network. ... Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005 New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the most populous city in the United States, and is at the center of international finance, politics, communications, music, fashion, and culture. ... KCOP (Channel 13) is an UPN television station in Los Angeles. ... This article is about the largest city in California. ... WPWR-TV (Channel 50) is an broadcast television station licensed to Gary, Indiana, but serves the Chicago, Illinois viewing area. ... Chicago (officially named the City of Chicago) is the third largest city in the United States (after New York City and Los Angeles), with an official population of 2,896,016, as of the 2000 census. ...


Although considered a major network by the Nielsen ratings, UPN is not (as of fall 2004) available in all areas of the United States. In some areas, UPN programming is shown at odd hours by affiliates of other networks. Some affiliates have also been known to extensively preempt network programming in order to broadcast local sporting events. These factors have led to the network struggling in the ratings over the past few years, with its most recent ST franchise, Star Trek: Enterprise, perhaps suffering the most and ultimately being cancelled by the network in a controversial decision in February 2005. The most consistent ratings performer for the network has been their Thursday offering from World Wrestling Entertainment (formerly the WWF), WWE SmackDown!. In the 2004-2005 season, the network was getting consistently better ratings than the WB. Executives at UPN also suggested those same-season Nielsen ratings may underrepresent the viewership of its core African-American audience, after noticing a 20% dip in key demographics for its African-American-oriented situation comedies early in the season[1]. When TV viewers or entertainment professionals in the United States mention ratings they are generally referring to Nielsen Ratings, a system developed by the New York City-based firm Nielsen Media Research to determine which shows television viewers watch at what times. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The starship Enterprise (NX-01) Star Trek: Enterprise is a science fiction television series set in the Star Trek universe. ... World Wrestling Entertainment, or WWE, is a professional wrestling promotion, currently the largest in North America. ... WWF, the global conservation organization was originally known as World Wildlife Fund. ... WWE SmackDown! is a professional wrestling show that airs in the USA on UPN and in Canada on The Score Network. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... African Americans, also known as Afro-Americans, Black Americans, or simply blacks, are an ethnic group in the United States of America whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to West and sub-Saharan Africa. ... African Americans, also known as Afro-Americans, Black Americans, or simply blacks, are an ethnic group in the United States of America whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to West and sub-Saharan Africa. ... A sitcom or situation comedy is a genre of comedy performance originally devised for radio but today typically found on television. ...


That said, new shows began to breathe life into the network starting in 2003 with America's Next Top Model, and in Fall 2004 with Veronica Mars and Kevin Hill, starring Taye Diggs. Network executives have stated that UPN's current desired demographic is young women and African-Americans. This was seen as a contributing factor in the decision to drop the Star Trek franchise, and the media has reported that UPN may also decide not to renew Smackdown once the network's contract with the WWE expires. America’s Next Top Model is a reality television show which pits contestants against each other in a variety of competitions to determine who will win a modeling contract with makeup manufacturer Covergirl. ... Veronica Mars is a television program on the UPN network. ... Taye Diggs (born January 2, 1972) is an African-American actor. ... African Americans, also known as Afro-Americans, Black Americans, or simply blacks, are an ethnic group in the United States of America whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to West and sub-Saharan Africa. ...


It was estimated in 2003 that UPN is viewable by 85.98% of all households, reaching 91,689,290 houses in the United States. UPN has approximately 143 full-power owned-and-operated or primary affiliate stations in the U.S. and another 65 stations air some UPN programming as secondary affiliates. 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Programming

The first official UPN network programming was the series Star Trek: Voyager. Other early UPN programs included the action show Marker starring Richard Grieco, the action comedy Legend starring Richard Dean Anderson and the science fiction themed action show, The Sentinel. After Voyager's 7-season run came to an end, UPN began broadcasting the newest Star Trek spin-off, Star Trek: Enterprise. UPN also bought the rights to broadcast the popular television show Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Roswell from 20th Century Fox after The WB cancelled both series. The starship Voyager (NCC-74656), an Intrepid-class starship. ... Richard Grieco (born March 23, 1965) is an American actor. ... Richard Dean Anderson Richard Dean Anderson (born January 23, 1950 in Minneapolis, Minnesota) is an American actor who started his acting career in soap opera (appearing on General Hospital as Dr. Jeff Webber from 1976 to 1981), but came to fame with the hit television series MacGyver. ... The Enterprise boldly going where no man had gone before. ... A spin-off (or spinoff) is a new organization or entity formed by a split from a larger one such as a new company formed from a university research group. ... The starship Enterprise (NX-01) Star Trek: Enterprise is a science fiction television series set in the Star Trek universe. ... Buffy the Vampire Slayer is a U.S. television series loosely based on the 1992 movie of the same name. ... Roswell is the name of several places in the United States of America: Roswell, Georgia, a suburb of Atlanta Roswell, New Mexico, known for UFOs Roswell, Ohio Roswell, South Dakota In addition, there is: the Roswell UFO incident Roswell, a science fiction television series This is a disambiguation page — a... Fox Plaza, the company headquarters. ... The WB Television Network, casually referred to as The WB, is a television network in the United States, founded as a joint venture between the Warner Bros. ...


The network also produced some special programs. For example, they presented the Iron Chef USA program during Christmas 2001. UPN also shows the WWE's Smackdown show, America's Next Top Model, Kevin Hill, and Veronica Mars. Iron Chef is a Japanese television program made by FujiTV. The original Japanese title is Ryori no tetsujin (料理の鉄人, Iron men of cookery). ... World Wrestling Entertainment, or WWE, is a professional wrestling promotion, currently the largest in North America. ... WWE SmackDown! is a professional wrestling show that airs in the USA on the UPN Network and in Canada on The Score Network. ... America’s Next Top Model is a reality television show which pits contestants against each other in a variety of competitions to determine who will win a modeling contract with makeup manufacturer Covergirl. ... Veronica Mars is a television program on the UPN network. ...


UPN has a new policy of "not picking up other networks' scraps," which was a strong argument when fan pressure was generated in 2004 for them to pick up Angel, the spin-off of Buffy the Vampire Slayer. Angel was the highly successful spin-off from the American television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... A spin-off (or spinoff) is a new organization or entity formed by a split from a larger one such as a new company formed from a university research group. ...


Notes

  • ^  John Consoli, "UPN's Start-of-Week Blues", Mediaweek, October 25, 2004.

See also

The following is a list of programs currently, formerly and soon to be broadcast on UPN Current programs broadcast by UPN All of Us (sitcom) Americas Next Top Model (reality) Cuts (sitcom) Eve (sitcom) Girlfriends (sitcom) Half and Half (sitcom) One on One (sitcom) Veronica Mars (drama) WWE SmackDown... In the United States, analog over-the-air television channels are numbered 2 through 69, and occupy the following frequencies: 54-88 MHz (Channels 2-6) 174-216 MHz (Channels 7-13) 470-806 MHz (Channels 14-69) See list of local television stations in North and Central America. ... ...

External link


  Results from FactBites:
 
UPN - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1167 words)
UPN (which originally stood for the United Paramount Network) is a television network in the United States, owned by Viacom Inc., which also owns the more widespread CBS network.
Paramount Pictures (the "P" in UPN) has played an pivotal role in the development of network television; it was a partner in the DuMont Television Network, and the Paramount Theaters chain, spun off from the corporate/studio parent, was an early, important component of the ABC television network's survival in the 1950s.
UPN was launched January 16, 1995, as the United Paramount Network, a joint venture between Paramount and Chris-Craft Industries.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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