FACTOID # 10: The total number of state executions in 2005 was 60: 19 in Texas and 41 elsewhere. The racial split was 19 Black and 41 White.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > United Nations System
Portal:United Nations
United Nations Portal

While the United Nations is an international organization, the United Nations System is the whole network of international organizations, treaties and conventions that were created by the United Nations. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1150x1150, 77 KB) Summary square version of Image:Flag_of_the_United_Nations. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... IGO redirects here. ...


The United Nations System is based on five active principal organs (formerly six, the UN Trusteeship Council suspended operations in 1994): The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... The United Nations Trusteeship Council, one of the principal organs of the United Nations, was established to help ensure that non-self-governing territories were administered in the best interests of the inhabitants and of international peace and security. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar). ...

In addition separate organizations, often subordinate to the principal organs, have been created to solve specialized tasks. The United Nations General Assembly (GA) is one of the five principal organs of the United Nations. ... “UNSC” redirects here. ... The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) of the United Nations assists the General Assembly in promoting international economic and social cooperation and development. ... The United Nations Secretariat is one of the principal organs of the United Nations and it is headed by the United Nations Secretary General, assisted by a staff of international civil servants worldwide. ... The International Court of Justice (known colloquially as the World Court or ICJ; French: ) is the primary judicial organ of the United Nations. ...

Contents

Organizations of the United Nations System

One of the remarkable features of the UN system is the duplication of responsibility.


For example, frustrated by their inability to control the ECOSOC the Assembly's third-world majority created the Conference on Trade and Development to address special issues that ECOSOC was not addressing. (Basu, Rumki, "The United Nations: Structure and Functions of an International Organisation," Sterling Publishing, New Delhi, 1993.) The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) was established in 1964 as a permanent intergovernmental body, UNCTAD is the principal organ of the United Nations General Assembly dealing with trade, investment and development issues. ...


Likewise, but just as an example, UNODOC (UN Office on Drugs and Crime) reports to the Secretariat, ECOSOC has a Functional Commission on crime and a separate one on Drugs, and the Assembly oversees the Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute. UN's Org Chart The United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute, commonly known as UNICRI is a UN entity formed in 1967. ...


Organizations of the General Assembly

  • Main committees
  • Other sessional committees
  • Standing committees and ad hoc bodies
  • Other subsidiary organs

The United Nations General Assembly (GA) is one of the five principal organs of the United Nations. ...

Programs and Funds

  • UNCTAD - United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
    • ITC - International Trade Centre (UNCTAD/WTO)
  • UNDCP - United Nations Drug Control Programme
  • UNDP - United Nations Development Programme
    • UNIFEM - United Nations Development Fund for Women
    • UNV - United Nations Volunteers
  • UNEP - United Nations Environment Programme
  • UNFPA - United Nations Fund for Population Activities
  • UNHCR - Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
  • UN-HABITAT - United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT)
  • UNICEF - United Nations Children's Fund
  • WFP - World Food Programme
  • UNRWA - United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (Reports only to the General Assembly)

The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) was established in 1964 as a permanent intergovernmental body, UNCTAD is the principal organ of the United Nations General Assembly dealing with trade, investment and development issues. ... The International Trade Centre (ITC) is the technical cooperation agency of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) for operational, enterprise-oriented aspects of trade development. ... The United Nations International Drug Control Programme (UNDCP) and the United Nations Centre for International Crime Prevention (CICP) are part of the United Nations Office for Drug Control & Crime Prevention (ODCCP). ... The United Nations Development Programe (UNDP), the United Nations global development network, is the largest multilateral source of development assistance in the world. ... The United Nations Development Fund for Women, commonly known as UNIFEM, provides financial and technical assistance to innovative programmes and strategies that promote women’s human rights, political participation and economic security. ... The United Nations Volunteers (UNV) programme is a United Nations agency that deploys international volunteers to directly support UN partners in the field. ... Klaus Töpfer, former UNEP Exec. ... The United Nations Fund for Population Activities was started in 1969 and renamed the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) in 1987. ... Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) (established December 14, 1950) protects and supports refugees at the request of a government or the United Nations and assists in their return or resettlement. ... A High Commissioner is a person serving in a special executive capacity. ... is the United Nations agency for human settlements. ... UNICEF Logo UNICEF Flag The United Nations Childrens Fund (or UNICEF) General Assembly was created on December 11, 1946. ... Italian €2 commemorative coin of 2004 celebrating the WFP The World Food Programme (WFP), the worlds largest humanitarian agency, provides food to more than 90 million people in 80 countries. ... The United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) is a controversial relief and human development agency, providing education, healthcare, social services and emergency aid to over four million Palestinian refugees living in the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria. ...

Research and training institutes

  • INSTRAW - International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women
  • UNICRI - United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute
  • UNITAR - United Nations Institute for Training and Research
  • UNRISD - United Nations Research Institute for Social Development
  • UNIDIR - United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (Reports only to the General Assembly)

The International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women (INSTRAW) is a specialized agency of the United Nations. ... The United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute, commonly known as UNICRI is a UN entity formed in 1967. ... The United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) was established in 1965 as an autonomous body within the United Nations with the purpose of enhancing the effectiveness of the Organization through appropriate training and research. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ...

Other Entities

  • COPUOS - United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space
  • OHCHR - Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
  • UNOPS - United Nations Office for Project Services
  • UNU - United Nations University
  • UNOOSA - United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs
  • UNSSC - United Nations System Staff College
  • UNAIDS - Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS
  • UNRRA - United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (ceased to exist in 1949)
  • UPEACE - United Nations Mandated University for Peace

The United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS) was established in 1958 (shortly after the launch of Sputnik) as an ad hoc committee. ... The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) is a United Nations agency that works to promote and protect the human rights that are guaranteed under international law and stipulated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948. ... A High Commissioner is a person serving in a special executive capacity. ... The United Nations Office for Project Services is a self-financing entity of the United Nations. ... United Nations University (UNU) is a university established on December 6, 1973 by adoption of resolution 3081 by the United Nations General Assembly, upon the suggestion of U Thant, UN Secretary-General at the time. ... The United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs is an organization of the General Assembly charged with implementing the Assemblys space-related policies. ... The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS, or UNAIDS, is the main advocate for accelerated, comprehensive and coordinated global action on the HIV epidemic. ... The United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) was founded in 1943 to provide relief to areas liberated from Axis powers. ... Headquartered in Costa Rica, the United Nations-mandated University for Peace (UPEACE) was established in December 1980 as a Treaty Organization by the UN General Assembly. ...

Organizations of the Security Council

“UNSC” redirects here. ... The United Nations Commission on Human Rights, a commission supervised by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, is composed of representatives from 53 member states, and meets each year in regular session in March/April for six weeks in Geneva. ... An effectively defunct United Nations body, the Military Staff Committee (MSC) has been described by British naval historian, Dr. Eric Grove, as “a sterile monument to the faded hopes of the founders of the UN.” Established by articles 26 and 45-47, the MSC is the only subsidiary body of... The Tribunal building in The Hague. ... Wanted poster for the ICTR The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) is a court under the auspices of the United Nations for the prosecution of offenses committed in Rwanda during the genocide which occurred there during April, 1994, commencing on April 6. ... The Mission of the United Nations in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), abbreviated MONUC (a French acronym for Mission de l Organisation des Nations Unies en République démocratique du Congo) is a United Nations peacekeeping force established on February 24, 2000, by Resolution 1291 of the United... The United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF) Zone was established by the United Nations after the adoption of UN Security Council Resolution 350 [1] on the same day the Agreement on Disengagement (S/11302/Add. ... The United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) was established in 1964 to prevent a recurrence of fighting between the Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots. ... UNIFIL (United Nations Interim Forces In Lebanon) was created in 1978 by the United Nations to confirm Israeli withdrawal from Lebanon, restore the international peace and security, and help the Lebanese Government restore its effective authority in the area. ... The United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) was originally formed to monitor a ceasefire in the border war that began in 1998 between Ethiopia and Eritrea. ... The United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo or UNMIK is an interim civilian administration in Kosovo, under the authority of the United Nations. ... Kosovo (Albanian: or , Serbian: , transliterated ; also , transliterated ) is a province in southern Serbia which has been under United Nations administration since 1999. ... UNMIL is the acronym for the United Nations Mission in Liberia, a peace-keeping force for Liberia, which was established by Resolution 1509 of the United Nations Security Council in 2003. ... The United Nations Mission In Sudan or UNMIS is the mission of the United Nation designed to provide humanitarian support the Comprehensive Peace Agreement signed by the government of Sudan and the Sudan Peoples Liberation Movement on January 9, 2005. ... UNMOGIP or United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan was set up in 1949 to supervise the ceasefire between India and Pakistan in the State of Jammu and Kashmir. ... The United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission (UNMOVIC) was created through the adoption of Security Council resolution 1284 of 17 December 1999. ... The United Nations Observer Mission in Georgia (UNOMIG) was established on 24 August 1993 by Security Council Resolution 858 to verify compliance with the 27 July 1993, ceasefire agreement between the Republic of Georgia and forces in Abkhazia with special attention given to the situation in the city of Sukhumi... UNTSO is an acronym for United Nations Truce Supervision Organization, an organization founded in 1948 for peacekeeping in the Middle East. ... United Nations Operations in Mozambique (ONUMOZ). ... The United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda was a relief mission instituted by the United Nations to aid the implementation of the Arusha Accords, signed August 4, 1993 in order to ease tensions between the Hutu-dominated Rwandese government and the Tutsi rebels (for the most part centered in the... The United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL) is a United Nations peacekeeping operation in Sierra Leone. ... The United Nations Confidence Restoration Operation, commonly known as UNCRO is a completed UN Mission. ... UNIKOM, the United Nations Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission, was established on April 9, 1991 following the Gulf War by Security Council resolution 689 (1991) and fully deployed by early May. ... The United Nations Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina (UNMIBH) is an international organization formed under United Nations Security Council Resolution 1035, as extended by Security Council Resolution 1357. ... UN Mission of Observers in Prevlaka (UNMOP) (January 15, 1996 - December 15, 2002) was a United Nations peacekeeping mission that monitored the demilitarization of the disputed Prevlaka peninsula by carrying out daily foot and vehicle patrols on both sides of the border between Croatia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. ... The Prevlaka Peninsula is a small peninsula at the entrance to the Bay of Kotor. ... The United Nations Mission of Observers in Tajikistan (UNMOT) was a United Nations peacekeeping mission that operated from December 4, 1994 to May 15, 2000 during and after the Tajikistan Civil War, monitoring the peace agreements. ... The United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET) provided an interim civil administration and a peacekeeping mission in the territory of East Timor. ...

Organizations of the Economic and Social Council

The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) of the United Nations assists the General Assembly in promoting international economic and social cooperation and development. ...

Functional Commissions

the commision for socal development does not have many powers ... At the presiding table, from left to right: Mr. ... The United Nations´s Commission on Science and Technology for Development (CSTD) is a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), one of the six main organs of the United Nations. ... Contents // Categories: Stub | United Nations specialized agencies | Sustainability | Development ... The Commission on the Status of Women (CSW or UNCSW) is a functional commission of the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), one of main UN organs within the United Nations. ... The Commission on Population and Development is a United Nations commission. ... The United Nations Statistical Commission oversees the work of the United Nations Statistical Division or UNSD, and is a Functional Commission of the UN Economic and Social Council. ... The United Nations Forum on Forests (UNFF) is a high-level intergovernmental policy forum, composed of all United Nations Member States. ...

Regional Commissions

The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE or ECE) was established in 1947 to encourage economic cooperation among its member states. ... The United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA or ECA) was established in 1958 to encourage economic cooperation among its member states (the nations of the African continent). ... The United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (UNECLAC or ECLAC) was established in 1948 (then as the UN Economic Commission for Latin America, or UNECLA) to encourage economic cooperation among its member states. ... The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP or ESCAP) was established in 1947 (then as the UN Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East) to encourage economic cooperation among its member states. ... The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (UNESCWA or ESCWA) was established in 1973 (then as the UN Economic Commission for Western Asia) to encourage economic cooperation among its member states. ...

Specialized Agencies

The Specialized Agencies are autonomous organizations working with the United Nations and each other through the coordinating machinery of the Economic and Social Council.

  • ILO - International Labour Organization
  • FAO - Food and Agriculture Organization
  • UNESCO - United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
  • WHO - World Health Organization
  • World Bank Group
    • IBRD - International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
    • IDA - International Development Association
    • IFC - International Finance Corporation
    • MIGA - Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
    • ICSID - International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
  • IMF - International Monetary Fund
  • ICAO - International Civil Aviation Organization
  • IMO - International Maritime Organization
  • ITU - International Telecommunication Union
  • UPU - Universal Postal Union
  • WMO - World Meteorological Organization
  • WIPO - World Intellectual Property Organization
  • IFAD - International Fund for Agricultural Development
  • UNIDO - United Nations Industrial Development Organization
  • IRO - International Refugee Organization(ceased to exist in 1952)
  • INCB - International Narcotics Control Board
  • UNWTO - World Tourism Organization

The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that deals with labour issues. ... The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger. ... UNESCO logo UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that acts as a coordinating authority on international public health. ... ... Logo of the World Bank The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development is one of the five institutions consisting the World Bank Group. ... The International Development Association (IDA) created on September 24, 1960, is the part of the World Bank that helps the world’s poorest countries. ... The International Finance Corporation (IFC) promotes sustainable private sector investment in developing countries as a way to reduce poverty and improve peoples lives. ... The Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) is an institution of the World Bank group. ... The International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID), an institution of the World Bank group, was founded in 1966 under the Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), an agency of the United Nations, codifies the principles and techniques of international air navigation and fosters the planning and development of international air transport to ensure safe and orderly growth. ... Headquarters of the International Maritime Organisation in Lambeth, adjacent to the east end of Lambeth Bridge Headquarters building taken from the west side of the Thames Headquartered in London, U.K., the International Maritime Organization (IMO) promotes cooperation among governments and the shipping industry to improve maritime safety and to... The International Telecommunication Union (ITU; French: Union internationale des télécommunications, Spanish: Unión Internacional de Telecomunicaciones) is an international organization established to standardize and regulate international radio and telecommunications. ... The Universal Postal Union (UPU, French: Union postale universelle) is an international organization that coordinates postal policies between member nations, and hence the world-wide postal system. ... The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is an intergovernmental organization with a membership of 187 Member States and Territories. ... The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) (French: Organisation mondiale de la propriété intellectuelle or OMPI) is one of the specialized agencies of the United Nations. ... The International Fund for Agricultural Development is an agency of the United Nations. ... United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) is an agency of the United Nations with the mission of helping countries pursue sustainable industrial development, it is a specialist in industrial affairs. ... The International Refugee Organization (IRO) was founded in 1946 to deal with the massive refugee problem created by World War II. It was a United Nations specialized agency and took over many of the functions of the earlier United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration. ... Mr. ... World Tourism Organization Building in Madrid The United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) is a United Nations agency dealing with questions relating to tourism. ...

Other Entities

// Facts The Permanent Forum is a forum for indigenous issues worldwide. ...

Organizations of the Secretariat

Main article: UN Secretariat

The United Nations Secretariat is led by the Secretary-General of the United Nations, who is currently Ban Ki-moon of South Korea. The United Nations Secretariat is one of the principal organs of the United Nations and it is headed by the United Nations Secretary General, assisted by a staff of international civil servants worldwide. ... The United Nations Secretary-General is the head of the Secretariat, one of the principal divisions of the United Nations. ... This is a Korean name; the family name is Ban Ban Ki-moon (IPA pronunciation: ) (born June 13, 1944 in Eumseong, North Chungcheong, Korea) is a former South Korean diplomat who succeeded Kofi Annan as the Secretary-General of the United Nations on January 1, 2007. ...

  • OSG - Office of the Secretary-General
  • OIOS - Office of Internal Oversight Services
  • OLA - Office of Legal Affairs
  • DPA - Department of Political Affairs
  • DDA - Department for Disarmament Affairs
  • DPKO - Department of Peacekeeping Operations
  • OCHA - Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
  • DESA - Department of Economic and Social Affairs
  • DGACM - Department of General Assembly and Conference Management
  • DPI - Department of Public Information
  • DM - Department of Management
  • OIP - Office of the Iraq Programme
  • UNSECOORD - Office of the United Nations Security Coordinator
  • OHRLLS - Office of the High Representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States
  • ODC - Office on Drugs and Crime
  • UNOG - UN Office at Geneva
  • UNOV - UN Office at Vienna
  • UNON - UN Office at Nairobi

The United Nations Office of Internal Oversight Services, or OIOS, is a United Nations organ whose primary purpose is to perform world-wide audit, investigation, inspection, programme monitoring, evaluation and consulting services to the United Nations Secretariat and the rest of the United Nations System[1]. The agency was established... The United Nations Office of Legal Affairs is a United Nations agency, established in 1946, that is currently administered by Under-Secretary-General for Legal Affairs and Legal Counsel of the United Nations Nicolas Michel. ... The United Nations Department of Political Affairs (DPA) (French: ), (Spanish: ) is a deparment of the Secretariat of the United Nations, was established in 1992, whose focal point is Peace Building. ... The Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), is a organisation under the United Nations which was formed in December 1991 with the General Assembly Resolution 46/182. ... United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is a United Nations agency which was founded in 1997 as the Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention with the intent to fight drugs and crime on an international level. ... The United Nations Office at Geneva is located in the Palais des Nations, originally constructed for the League of Nations in the 1930s. ... The Vienna International Centre (VIC), colloquially also known as UNO City in Vienna, is the campus and building complex hosting United Nations organizations in Vienna, Austria. ... The United Nations Office at Nairobi (UNON) is one of the four major UN office sites where several different UN agencies have a joint presence. ...

Organization of the International Court of Justice

See International Court of Justice. The International Court of Justice (known colloquially as the World Court or ICJ; French: ) is the primary judicial organ of the United Nations. ...


Related organizations

  • IAEA - International Atomic Energy Agency. Reports to the Security Council and the General Assembly
  • World Trade Organization - (WTO)
  • ICC - International Criminal Court
  • ISA - International Seabed Authority
  • ITLOS - International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea [10]
  • Standby High-Readiness Brigade - The UN's standing military force.

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) was established as an autonomous organization on July 29, 1957. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Official logo of the ICC. The International Criminal Court (ICC) was established in 2002 as a permanent tribunal to prosecute individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, crime of aggression, and war crimes, as defined by several international agreements, most prominently the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. ... The International Seabed Authority is an intergovernmental body established to organize and control all mineral-related activities in the international seabed area beyond the limits of national jurisdiction, an area underlying most of the world’s oceans. ... The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) is an intergovernmental organization created by the mandate of the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea. ... The Brigade comprises a number of troops varying between four and five thousand, drawn from units pledged by eleven countries: Argentina, Austria, Canada, Denmark, Finland, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, and Sweden. ...

CEB (Chief Executives Board)

The CEB (Chief Executives Board) brings together on a regular basis the executive heads of the organisations of the UN System, under the chairmanship of the Secretary-General of the UN.


See also

The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... While the secretariat of the United Nations is headquartered in New York, its many bodies are situated in other parts of the world, particularly in Europe: // Austria Vienna Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization Preparatory Commission International Atomic Energy Agency Office for Outer Space Affairs United Nations Commission on International... A map of UN member states and their dependent territories as recognized by the UN. Regions excluded: Antarctica (regulated by the Antarctic Treaty System), Vatican City (the Holy See is a UN observer), the Palestinian territories (Palestine, represented by the Palestine Liberation Organization, is a UN observer), and Western Sahara... The League of Nations was an international organization founded as a result of the Paris Peace Conference in 1919-1920. ...

External links


 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m