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Encyclopedia > United Nations Population Fund

The United Nations Fund for Population Activities was started in 1969 and renamed the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) in 1987. The United Nations Population Fund is the world's largest international source of funding for population and reproductive health programs. The Fund works with governments and non-governmental organizations in over 140 countries with the support of the international community, supporting programs that help women, men and young people: Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... For the Stargate SG-1 episode, see 1969 (Stargate SG-1). ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Together, these elements promote the human right of "reproductive health", that is physical, mental, and social health in matters related to reproduction and the reproductive system. A pregnant woman near the end of her term Pregnancy is the carrying of one or more embryos or fetuses by female mammals, including humans, inside their bodies. ... Sexually-transmitted infections (STIs), also known as sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs), are diseases that are commonly transmitted between partners through some form of sexual activity, most commonly vaginal intercourse, oral sex, or anal sex. ...


In addition to direct action, the Fund raises awareness of these needs worldwide, advocates close attention to population problems, and helps needy countries formulate policies and strategies in support of sustainable development. Since 2001, it has been led by Thoraya Ahmed Obaid. The Fund is also represented by UNFPA Goodwill Ambassadors. Thoraya Ahmed Obaid is the Executive Director of the United Nations Population Fund. ... UNFPA Goodwill Ambassadors are celebrity advocates of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and utilize their talent and fame to advocate for the human right of reproductive health. ...


UNFPA's work is guided by the Programme of Action adopted by 179 governments at the International Conference on Population and Development in 1994. The conference agreed that meeting people's needs for education and health, including reproductive health, is a prerequisite of sustainable development. The United Nations coordinated an International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo, Egypt from 5-13 September 1994. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ...


The main goals of the Programme of Action are:

  • Universal access to reproductive health services by 2015
  • Universal primary education and closing the gender gap in education by 2015
  • Reducing maternal mortality by seventy-five percent by 2015
  • Reducing infant mortality
  • Increasing life expectancy

These goals were refined in 1999. One of the most important additions concerned HIV: The international levels of infant mortality, depicted as the number of deaths in a thousand births. ... World map of life expectancy, 2005 Life expectancy is a statistical measure defined as the expected (mean) survival of human beings based upon a number of criteria such as gender and geographic location. ... Species Human immunodeficiency virus 1 Human immunodeficiency virus 2 Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS, a condition in humans in which the immune system begins to fail, leading to life-threatening opportunistic infections). ...

  • HIV infection rates in persons 15-24 years of age should be reduced by twenty-five percent in the most-affected countries by 2005 and by twenty-five percent globally by 2010.

The Fund promotes a holistic approach to reproductive health care that includes access to a range of safe and affordable contraceptive methods and to sensitive counselling; prenatal care, attended deliveries, emergency obstetric care and post-natal care; and prevention of sexually transmitted infections by promoting safer sexual behavior. A doctor performs a prenatal exam. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... Sexually-transmitted infections (STIs), also known as sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs), are diseases that are commonly transmitted between partners through some form of sexual activity, most commonly vaginal intercourse, oral sex, or anal sex. ...


In 2000 UNFPA took part in the African Youth Alliance. 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


AYA is collaboration between:

  • Pathfinder International: Youth Friendly Services (YFS) and Institutional Capacity Building(ICB);
  • PATH: Behavior Change Communication (BCC) and Integration of Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health (ASRH) into Livelihood Programs
  • The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA): Policy and advocacy, and Coordination and Dissemination.

Its goals are to improve overall adolescent health and control HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted infections. Look up path in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The United Nations Fund for Population Activities was started in 1969 and renamed the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) in 1987. ... Sexually-transmitted infections (STIs), also known as sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs), are diseases that are commonly transmitted between partners through some form of sexual activity, most commonly vaginal intercourse, oral sex, or anal sex. ...


UNFPA looks to improve the lives and expand the choices of individuals and couples. After time, the reproductive choices they choose, multiplied across communities and countries, affect population construction and trends.


The work of the agency revolves around improving reproductive health, making motherhood safer, supporting adolescence and youth, preventing HIV/Aids, promoting gender equality, protecting human rights securing reproductive health supplies and through this they use a culturally sensitive approach. Their major countries in need are third world countries who deal with these major problems.


The UNFPA supports programmes in four areas, the Arab States and Europe, Asia and the Pacific, Latin America and the Caribbean, and the sub-Saharan Africa. They work in more the 140 countries, territories and areas. Around three quarters of the staff work in the field.


The UNFPA works in partnership with other United Nations agencies, governments and communities. Working together, the agency raises awareness and assembles the support and resources needed to attain the targets presented in the Millennium Goals and at the International Conference on Population and Development.


Some of the UNFPA work involves the lead in providing supplies and services to protect reproductive health. They also encourage the participation of young people and women to help rebuild their societies who are affected by poor reproductive health which expands out into areas such as prevention of sexually transmitted diseases including HIV/Aids.

Contents

Example projects

Senegal

  • A successful UNFPA program which carried out three specific maternal mortality reduction projects that focused on the construction and renovation and equipping of health centers & rural maternity units.

Mali

  • Through interagency team work, the country was enabled to build and provide seven new community health centres in three areas plus one new maternity unit.

Role of the UNFPA

The UNFPA has a mission in which they want to accomplish and that is – UNFPA promotes the right of every woman, man and child to enjoy a life of health and equal opportunity. UNFPA supports countries in using population data for policies and programmes to reduce poverty and to ensure that every pregnancy is wanted, every birth is safe, every young person is free of HIV/AIDS, and every girl and woman is treated with dignity and respect. Basically the agency’s goals including their roles are – • Universal access to reproductive health services by 2015 • Universal primary education and closing the gender gap in education by 2015 • Reducing maternal mortality by 75 per cent by 2015 • Reducing infant mortality • Increasing life expectancy • Reducing HIV infection rates


Executive Directors and Under-Secretary General of the UN
2000 - present Ms. Thoraya Ahmed Obaid (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia)
1987 - 2000 Dr. Nafis Sadik (Pakistan)
1969 - 1987 Mr. Rafael M. Salas (Philippines)
Thoraya Ahmed Obaid is the Executive Director of the United Nations Population Fund. ... Dr Nafis Sadik, currently Special Adviser to the UN Secretary General with additional responsibilities as Special Envoy for HIV/AIDS in Asia, and former head of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). ... Rafael M. Salas, First head of the United Nations Population Fund from its inception in 1969 up to his death in 1987 (UNFPA). ...


Chinese Population program

The UNFPA executive director stresses the need to broaden participation and overcome mistrust among partners.


Stephen Moore, of the Cato Institute, has leveled criticism on the UNFPA, namely in their support of Chinese Population Control measures, in which he makes the claims that women in any trimester of pregnancy are strapped down, and their children aborted by the government, against their will, using UNFPA funds.[1] Stephen Moore Stephen Moore is an economist and policy analyst who founded and served as president of the Club for Growth from 1999 to 2004. ... The Cato Institute is a libertarian think tank headquartered in Washington, D.C. The Institutes stated mission is to broaden the parameters of public policy debate to allow consideration of the traditional American principles of limited government, individual liberty, free markets, and peace by seeking greater involvement of the...


UNFPA and the United States Government

In 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005, the White House denied funding to UNFPA that had already been allocated by the U.S. Congress on the grounds that the UNFPA supported Chinese government programs which include forced abortions and sterilizations. In a letter from the Undersecretary of State for Political Affairs Nicholas Burns to Congress, the administration said it had determined that UNFPA’s support for China’s population programme “facilitates (its) government’s coercive abortion programme”, thus violating a 20-year-old law that bans the use of United States aid to finance or support abortions overseas.[2]


The UNFPA says that it "does not provide support for abortion services".[3] Its charter includes a strong statement condemning coercion.[citation needed]


Nonprofit organizations have sprung up in an attempt to compensate by raising private donations:

The U. S. Committee for UN Population Fund was formed in 1998 to raise moral, political and financial support in the United States for the work of the UN Population Fund (UNFPA), which provides voluntary family planning and reproductive health services, ensures safe motherhood, prevents HIV/AIDS and other STDs...

UNFPA and the European Union

The European Union funds the UNFPA and under the Sandbaek report increased the funding in 2003, after the United States denied funding. The Sandbæk Report[1] was a report authored by Ulla Sandbæk that after being passed by the European Parliament[2] is now a European Union regulation titled Aid for Policies and Actions on Reproductive and Sexual Health and Rights in Developing Countries. ...


External links

References

  1. ^ Don't Fund UNFPA Population Control, Stephen Moore, Cato Institute, May 15, 1999
  2. ^ http://www.unescap.org/esid/psis/population/popheadline/308/art5.asp
  3. ^ [1]

 
 

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