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Encyclopedia > United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo
Kosovo

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Kosovo
For other uses of the name Kosovo, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Kosovo_pisg_ca. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


See also: Portal:Politics
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The United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo or UNMIK is an interim civilian administration in Kosovo, under the authority of the United Nations. The mission was established on June 10, 1999 by Security Council Resolution 1244. According to UNSCR 1244, Kosovo is still technically part of Serbia, although Serbia is authorized no role in governing Kosovo. UNSCR 1244 also called for a political process to determine Kosovo's future status (i.e., whether it would be allowed to become independent or remain part of Serbia) -- that status process was initiated in late 2005, under guidance from the Contact Group countries. For other uses of the name Kosovo, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... The constitutional status of Kosovo has been the subject of repeated political disputes since the region was incorporated into Serbia in 1912. ... Pocket badge of the KFOR Ukrainian soldier on foot patrolling in Serbian village near Brezovica KFOR vehicle of the French Army The Kosovo Force (KFOR) is a NATO-led international force responsible for establishing and maintaining security in Kosovo. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with UN General Assembly Resolution 1244. ... The Kosovo Police Service (KPS) was created in 1999, in the aftermath of the NATO bombing campaign and subsequent withdrawal of the FRY and Serbian forces from Kosovo. ... Kosovo Protection Corps (KPC or TMK in Albanian) Logo The Kosovo Protection Corps is a civilian emergency services organization in Kosovo. ... The Coat of Arms of the Provisional Institutions of Self-Government Provisional Institutions of Self-Government (PISG) are institutions running Kosovo in cooperation with the United Nations Interim Administrative Mission in Kosovo UNMIK. Resolution 1244 of the United Nations Security Council authorized the Secretary-General to establish an international civil... The President of Kosovo is elected by the Assembly of Kosovo. ... Fatmir Sejdiu President of Kosovo Fatmir Sejdiu (born October 23, 1951) is the president of Kosova. ... Prime Minister of Kosovo is the head of the Government of Kosovo. ... Agim Çeku Agim Çeku (born 29 October 1960 in Peja/Peć [citation needed]) is the Prime Minister of Kosovo. ... Assembly of Kosovo (Serbian Скупштина Косова; Albanian Kuvendi i Kosovës) is the highest provisional self-government and representative and law making institution of Kosovo. ... Kryetari i Kuvendit të Kosovës or Kryeparlamentari chairs the sessions of the Assembly of Kosovo. ... Political parties in Kosovo lists political parties in Kosovo. ... Politics of Kosovo Categories: Election related stubs | Elections in Kosovo ... Parliamentary elections will be held in Kosovo in September 2007. ... Territory of Kosovo is divided into districts, while districts are further divided into municipalities. ... The municipalities (Albanian: komuna e, Serbian: opÅ¡tine/општине) of Kosovo: Deçan / Dečani Dragash / DragaÅ¡ Gjakovë / Đakovica Gllogovc / Glogovac Gjilan / Gnjilane Istog / Istok Kaçanik / Kačanik Kamenicë / Kosovska Kamenica Klinë / Klina Fushë Kosovë / Kosovo Polje Leposavić / Leposaviq Lipjan / Lipljan Malishevë / MaliÅ¡evo Mitrovicë / Kosovska Mitrovica Novo Brdo / Novob... For other uses of the name Kosovo, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... June 10 is the 161st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (162nd in leap years), with 204 days remaining. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... A session of the Security Council in progress The United Nations Security Council is the most powerful organ of the United Nations. ... United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244 defined the legal status of Kosovo as a UN protectorate, under its administration, while being legally an autonomous constituency of Serbia and Montenegro. ... Anthem: Bože pravde (English: God of Justice) Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian written with the Cyrillic alphabet1 Government Republic  - President Boris Tadić  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment    - Formation 8th century   - Independence c. ... The Contact Group is the name for an informal grouping of influential countries that have a significant interest in policy developments in the Balkans. ...


The head of UNMIK is technically the Special Representative of the Secretary-General ('SRSG') and is appointed by the Secretary-General under the advice of UN member states. Joachim Rücker, a German diplomat, has been the SRSG since September 2006, replacing Steven Schook who served as acting-SRSG since the departure of Søren Jessen-Petersen in June 2006. Joachim Rücker (born 30 May 1951, Germany) is an international civil servant from Germany. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Søren Jessen-Petersen is an international civil servant from Denmark. ...

Contents

Structure

UNMIK has been divided into four sections which it calls "pillars." These are:

  • Pillar I: Police and justice (United Nations-led)
  • Pillar II: Civil Administration (United Nations-led)
  • Pillar III: Democratization and institution building (led by the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe)
  • Pillar IV: Reconstruction and economic development (European Union-led)

Responsibility for enforcement of Pillars I and II has now been transferred to the insitutions of provisional self-government in Kosovo. The UN, however, still monitors this enforcement. The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) is an international organization for security. ...


UNMIK oversees a substantial UN International Police force.


A NATO-led force called KFOR provides an international security presence in support of UNMIK's work, but is not subordinate to the UN. NATO 2002 Summit in Prague The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation[2] (NATO; French: ; also called the North Atlantic Alliance, the Atlantic Alliance or the Western Alliance) is a military alliance established on 4 April 1949 by the signing of the North Atlantic Treaty. ... Pocket badge of the KFOR Ukrainian soldier on foot patrolling in Serbian village near Brezovica KFOR vehicle of the French Army The Kosovo Force (KFOR) is a NATO-led international force responsible for establishing and maintaining security in Kosovo. ...


Duties

According to resolution 1244, UNMIK is to:

  • perform basic civilian administrative functions;
  • promote the establishment of substantial autonomy and self-government in Kosovo;
  • facilitate a political process to determine Kosovo's future status;
  • coordinate humanitarian and disaster relief of all international agencies;
  • support the reconstruction of key infrastructure;
  • maintain civil law and order;
  • promote human rights; and
  • assure the safe and unimpeded return of all refugees and displaced persons to their homes in Kosovo.

Criticism

UNMIK has accomplished much in its seven years, including the establishment of Kosovo's Provisional Institutions of Self-Government and the well-respected Kosovo Police Service. But UNMIK has been criticized for failing to achieve many of its stated objectives and is widely resented by both Kosovo Serbs and Kosovo Albanians. After seven years of work (as of 2006): 2006 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

  • Key infrastructure is not reconstructed; specifically, electric distribution is still very problematic;
  • UNMIK has been slow to transfer competencies to the provisional Kosovo institutions;
  • Inter-ethnic violence has occasionally flared (most notably in March 2004);
  • Corruption, including allegations of corruption within UNMIK, remains endemic;
  • Human rights have been problematic, especially with Kosovo's minority communities;
  • There has been a failure to eliminate parallel structures, insofar as health and education within the Kosovo Serbian community remain dependent on Serbian budgets;
  • UNMIK has been accused of failing to implement an economic development strategy;
  • There are around 250,000.[1][2][3] refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) from Kosovo, the vast majority of whom are Serbs, who still do not feel safe returning to their homes. Kosovo Albanians displaced from the divided town of Mitrovica have yet to be granted the right to return.
  • Amongst other things, according to SC Resolution 1244, Serbia is authorised to send a specific amount of its troops back into Kosovo. UNMIK so far has prevented Serbia from doing so, thus in fact breaching the resolution.
  • Illegal Serb intelligence and interior forces continue to operate clandestinely in Kosovo, especially in the north;
  • According to Amnesty International, the presence of peacekeepers in Kosovo led to an increase in the trafficking of women for sexual exploitation. [1] [2]

[3][4] Trafficking in human beings includes recruiting, harbouring, obtaining, and transporting persons by use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjecting them to involuntary acts, such as commercial sexual exploitation (including prostitution) or involuntary labour, i. ...


Belgrade and Kosovo Serbs have also criticized UNMIK for failing to stop alleged reprisals or ethnic cleansing against the Roma and Serb communities of Kosovo.[5]


In June 2005, a BBC article suggested that the European Roma Rights Centre were to sue UNMIK over Roma in Mitrovica Camps. The British Broadcasting Corporation, usually known as the BBC (and also informally known as the Beeb or Auntie) is one of the largest broadcasting corporations in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the UK alone and with a budget of more than £4 billion. ... European Roma Rights Centre Roma or gypsies are a minority in Europe. ... Roma in Mitrovica Camps is the description used for about 500-700 Roma people living in three UN-created refugee camps in Mitrovica, Kosovo. ...


In July 2006, a new book, 'Peace at Any Price: How the World Failed Kosovo', written by two former senior staffers at UNMIK, exposed a catalogue of errors and incompetance in the institution over its seven year history.


See also

Pocket badge of the KFOR Ukrainian soldier on foot patrolling in Serbian village near Brezovica KFOR vehicle of the French Army The Kosovo Force (KFOR) is a NATO-led international force responsible for establishing and maintaining security in Kosovo. ... Since the deployment of the NATO international peacekeeping force (KFOR) and the establishment of the United Nations Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) in 1999, Kosovo has become a major destination country for women and girls trafficked into forced prostitution. ... The Standards for Kosovo is a document setting out the standards Kosovo needs to reach, in compliance with United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244. ...

External links


 
 

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