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Encyclopedia > United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) was established in 1964 as a permanent intergovernmental body, UNCTAD is the principal organ of the United Nations General Assembly dealing with trade, investment and development issues. The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... The United Nations General Assembly (GA) is one of the five principal organs of the United Nations. ...


The organization's goals are to "maximize the trade, investment and development opportunities of developing countries and assist them in their efforts to integrate into the world economy on an equitable basis." (from official website). The creation of the conference was based on concerns of developing countries over the international market, multi-national corporations, and great disparity between developed nations and developing nations. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... A developing country is a country with low average income compared to the world average. ...


In the 1970s and 1980s UNCTAD was closely associated with the idea of a New International Economic Order (NIEO). The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... New international economic order is a set of proposals put forward during the 1970s by developing countries through UNCTAD to promote their interests by improving their terms of trade, increasing development assistance, developed-country tariff reductions, and other means. ...


Currently, UNCTAD has 191 member States and is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. UNCTAD has 400 staff members and an annual regular budget of approximately US$50 million and US$25 million of extrabudgetary technical assistance funds. Geneva (pronunciation //; French: Genève //, German:   //, Italian: Ginevra //, Romansh: Genevra) is the second most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich), and is the most populous city of Romandy (the French-speaking part of Switzerland). ...

Contents

Meetings

The inter-governmental work is done at 4 levels of meetings [1]:

  • The UNCTAD Trade and Development Board - the Board manages the work of UNCTAD in between two Conferences and meets up to three times every year;
  • Four UNCTAD Commissions and one Working Party - these meet more often than the Board in order to take up policy, programme and budgetary issues;
  • Expert Meetings - the Commissions will convene expert meetings on selected topics in order to provide substantive and expert input for Commission policy discussions.

Accra, population 1,970,400 (2005), is the capital of Ghana. ... Nickname: Motto: Non ducor, duco(Latin) I am not led, I lead Location in the São Paulo state. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Midrand (previously Halfway House) is a town located in the Johannesburg conurbation in Gauteng Province, South Africa. ... April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Nickname: The Heroic City The Walled City The Diplomatic City The Key of the West Indies The Walled Kingdom Best Fortified City of the Americas Historical Heritage of Mankind The Stone Coral Region Caribbean Region (Colombia) Department Bolívar Department* Foundation 1533 Mayor Nicolás Francisco Curi Vergara Area    - City...

Reports

UNCTAD produces a number of topical reports, including:

  • The Trade and Development Report [5]
  • The Trade and Environment Review [6]
  • The World Investment Report [7]
  • The Economic Development in Africa Report [8]
  • The Least Developed Countries Report [9]
  • UNCTAD Statistics [10]
  • The Information Economy Report [11]
  • The Review of Maritime Transport [12]

Other

UNCTAD also conducts various technical cooperation programmes [13] such as ASYCUDA, DMFAS, EMPRETEC and WAIPA. The Debt Management - DMFAS Programme is a United Nations programme based in UNCTAD, in Geneva. ... Empretec is a United Nations programme established by UNCTAD to promote the creation of sustainable small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). ... The World Association of Investment Promotion Agencies, or WAIPA, is an international NGO hosted by UNCTAD that acts as a forum for investment promotion agencies, provides networking and promotes best practice in investment promotion. ...


In addition, UNCTAD conducts certain technical cooperation in collaboration with the World Trade Organization through the joint International Trade Centre (ITC), a technical cooperation agency targeting operational and enterprise-oriented aspects of trade development. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Complete List of Secretaries-General and Officers-in-Charge

# Photo Secretary-General Dates in office Country of origin Remarks References
1 Dr. Raúl Prebisch 19631969 Argentina
2 Mr. Manuel Pérez-Guerrero 19691974 Venezuela
3 Dr. Gamani Corea 19741984 Sri Lanka
4 Mr. Alister McIntyre 1985 Grenada Officer-in-Charge
5 Mr. Kenneth K.S. Dadzie 19861994 Ghana
6 Mr. Carlos Fortin 19941995 Chile Officer-in-Charge
7 Mr. Rubens Ricupero 19952004 Brazil
8 Mr. Carlos Fortin 20042005 Chile Officer-in-Charge
9 Dr. Supachai Panitchpakdi 1 September 2005present Thailand [14]

Raúl Prebisch (1901–1986) was an Argentine economist known for his contribution to structuralist economics, in particular the Prebisch-Singer hypothesis that formed the basis of economic dependency theory. ... Year 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Stargate SG-1 episode, see 1969 (Stargate SG-1). ... For the Stargate SG-1 episode, see 1969 (Stargate SG-1). ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Year 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1984 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Supachai Panitchpakdi (Thai: ศุภชัย พานิชภักดิ์, born 1946 in Bangkok, Thailand) is the new Secretary General of the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). ... September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The present is the time that is perceived directly, not as a recollection or a speculation. ...

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