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Encyclopedia > United Liberation Front of Asom

The United Liberation Front of Asom is a separatist armed opposition group from Assam, among many other such groups in North-East India. It claims to have been founded at the site of the historic Ahom structure Rang ghar on April 7, 1979. It is reported that in 1986 it came into contact with National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN) and the Kachin rebels operating in Myanmar.[1] It was permitted to establish camps in Bangladesh in 1989 and initiated major violent activities in 1990. The US State Department lists ULFA under "Other groups of concern".[2] Assam   (Assamese: অসম Ôxôm) is a north eastern state of India with its capital at Dispur, a part of Guwahati. ... The Himalayas in Sikkim North-East India is the easternmost region of India consisting of the contiguous Seven Sister States and the state of Sikkim. ... The Ahoms established the Ahom kingdom (1228-1826) in parts of present-day Assam and ruled it for nearly 600 years. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... For the song by the Smashing Pumpkins, see 1979 (song). ... The United States Department of State, often referred to as the State Department, is the Cabinet-level foreign affairs agency of the United States government, equivalent to foreign ministries in other countries. ...


The major leaders of the organisation are:

  • Paresh Baruah (Commander-in-Chief)
  • Arabinda Rajkhowa (Chairman)
  • Anup Chetia (General Secretary) (in Government of Bangladesh custody)
  • Pradip Gogoi (Vice-Chairman) (in Government of Assam custody)

Contents

Paresh Baruah (or Paresh Barua), born in 1957 at Jeraichakali Bhariagaon, Assam, India, is the self-syled commander-in-chief of the militant group ULFA. He is based in Bangladesh, from where he conducts the activities inside India. ...

ULFA according to itself

Organizations listed as terrorist groups by India
Northeastern India
National Socialist Council of Nagaland-Isak-Muivah (NSCN-IM)
Naga National Council-Federal (NNCF)
National Council of Nagaland-Khaplang
United Liberation Front of Asom
People's Liberation Army
Kanglei Yawol Kanna Lup (KYKL)
Zomi Revolutionary Front
North India
Khalistan Liberation Force
Khalistan Commando Force
Communist Party of India (Maoist)
Bhindranwale Tiger Force of Khalistan
Babbar Khalsa
Khalistan Zindabad Force
Kashmir
Lashkar-e-Toiba
Jaish-e-Mohammed
Hizbul Mujahideen
Harkat-ul-Mujahideen
Farzandan-e-Milat
United Jihad Council
Al-Qaeda
Central India
People's war group
Balbir militias
Naxals
Ranvir Sena
 v  d  e 

The ULFA considers itself a "revolutionary political organization" engaged in a "liberation struggle" against India for the establishment of a sovereign, independent Assam. It does not consider itself a secessionist organization, as it claims that Assam was never a part of India. It claims that among the various problems that people of Assam are confronting, the problem of national identity is the most basic, and therefore it seeks to represent "independent minded struggling peoples" irrespective of race, tribe, caste, religion and nationality. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Himalayas in Sikkim North-East India is the easternmost region of India consisting of the contiguous Seven Sister States and the state of Sikkim. ... The United Liberation Front of Asom is a separatist organization from Assam. ... Dark green region marks the approximate extent of northern India while the regions marked as light green lies within the sphere of north Indian influence. ... The Khalistan Liberation Force was one of the leading Sikh freedom fighting organisations that was especially active in the Indian state of Punjab throughout the 1980s and early 1990s. ... This article contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... The Communist Party of India (Maoist) is an underground Maoist political party in India. ... Babbar Khalsa International logo Babbar Khalsa International logo variation The Babbar Khalsa (Punjabi: , ) is a militant group considered to be among the oldest and most prominent of Sikh organisations calling for the formation of an independent Sikh state. ... The Khalistan Zindabad Force is a Sikh militant outfit comprised mainly of Jammu based Sikhs that advocates the creation of an independent Sikh majority state called Khalistan by achieving the independence of the Punjab state in India and adjoining Punjabi-speaking areas of neighbouring Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Rajasthan via... Kashmir (or Cashmere) may refer to: Kashmir region, the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent India, Kashmir conflict, the territorial dispute between India, Pakistan, and the China over the Kashmir region. ... Lashkar-e-Toiba (Urdu: لشكرِ طيبه laÅ¡kar-Ä• ṯaiyyiba, literally The Army of Pure, also transliterated as Lashkar-i-Tayyaba, Lashkar-e-Tayyaba, Lashkar-e-Tayyiba or Lashkar-i-Toiba) is one of the largest and most active Islamic terrorist organizations in South Asia. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Mohammads Army. ... The Hizbul Mujahideen (حزب المجاھدین) (created 1989) is a militant group active in Kashmir. ... Harkat-ul-Mujahideen is a Pakistani-Kashmiri guerrilla group. ... Also known as the Muttahida Jihad Council (MJC), this is a group created in the summer of 1994 by Pakistans Inter Services Intelligence. ... Al-Qaeda (Arabic: القاعدة, the foundation or the base) is the name given to a worldwide network of militant Islamist organizations under the leadership of Osama bin Laden. ... The geography of India is extremely diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, hills and plateaus. ... Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Peoples War, usually called Peoples War Group (PWG). ... CPI(ML) poster in Kolkata Naxalite or Naxalism is an informal name given to revolutionary communist groups that were born out of the Sino-Soviet split in the Indian communist movement. ... Sovereignty is the exclusive right to exercise supreme political (e. ... For other uses, see Secession (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that Organizing be merged into this article or section. ... This article concerns the term race as used in reference to human beings. ... http://www. ... Caste systems are traditional, hereditary systems of social stratification, enforced by law or common practice, based on classifications such as occupation, race, ethnicity, etc. ... In English usage, nationality is the legal relationship between a person and a country. ...


ULFA according to Government of India

Main article: Terrorism in India

The Government of India (GOI) has classified it as a terrorist organization and had banned it under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act in 1990. Concurrently, GOI started a military offensive against it, named Operation Bajrang lead by the Indian Army. The operation continues at present under the Unified Command Structure. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Terrorist redirects here. ... MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ... The Indian Army is the largest branch of the Armed Forces of India and has the primary responsibility of conducting land-based military operations. ...


The Government of India accuses ULFA of maintaining links with the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) of Pakistan and the DGFI of Bangladesh, and waging a proxy war on their behalf against India. Military manpower Military age 16 years of age Availability 39,028,014 (2005) Males ages 16-49 Reaching military age males: 1,969,055 (2005) Active troops 620,000 (Ranked 7th) Military expenditures Dollar figure $3. ... Military manpower Military age 16 years of age Availability 39,028,014 (2005) Males ages 16-49 Reaching military age males: 1,969,055 (2005) Active troops 620,000 (Ranked 7th) Military expenditures Dollar figure $3. ... The Directorate General of Forces Intelligence (DGFI) is Bangladeshs main intelligence agency. ... A proxy war is a war where two powers use third parties as a supplement or a substitute for fighting each other directly. ...


Ideology and Chinese support

ULFA has a Communist ideology and is known to have relations with Maoists and it claims that some of its cadres were trained in Pakistan. Former Indian Defence Minister George Fernandes once claimed that ULFA was supported by China through provision of arms. According to a prominent Indian view, ULFA is part of a Chinese attempt to expand its borders similar to the former Soviet Union.[citation needed] This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... George Fernandes (born 3 June 1930) is a member of the 14th Lok Sabha of India. ...


Major activities

Assassinations

Some of the major assassinations by ULFA include that of Surendra Paul in May 1990, the brother of businessman Lord Swraj Paul, that precipitated a situation leading to the sacking of the Government of Assam under Prafulla Kumar Mahanta and the beginning of Operation Bajrang. 1990 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lord Swraj Paul is a member of the board of the London Development Agency. ... Prafulla Kumar Mahanta is a former president of the Asom Gana Parishad (AGP), a major political party in the Indian state of Assam. ...


In 1991 a Russian engineer was kidnapped along with others and killed. In 1997, Sanjay Ghose, a social activist and a relative of a high ranking Indian diplomat, was kidnapped and killed. The highest government officer assassinated by the group was local AGP minister Nagen Sharma in 2000. An unsuccessful assassination attempt was made on AGP Chief Minister Prafulla Kumar Mahanta in 1997. A mass grave, discovered at a destroyed ULFA camp in Lakhipathar forest, showed evidence of executions committed by ULFA. 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Asom Gana Parishad (Assam Peoples Association), political party in Assam, India. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Prafulla Kumar Mahanta is a former president of the Asom Gana Parishad (AGP), a major political party in the Indian state of Assam. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Grave in Sarajevo during the siege in 1992-1993. ...


ULFA continues to attempt ambushes and sporadic attacks on government security forces.


In 2003, the ULFA was accused of killing labourers from Bihar in response to molestation and raping of many Assamese girls in a train in Bihar. This incident sparked off anti-Bihar sentiment in Assam, which withered away after some months though. 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... , Bihar (Hindi: बिहार, Urdu: بہار, IPA: ,  ) is a state of the Indian union situated in the eastern part of the country. ...


On August 15, 2004, an explosion occurred in Assam in which 10-15 people died, including some school children. This explosion was reportedly carried out by ULFA. The ULFA has obliquely accepted responsibility for the blast.[3] This appears to be the first instance of ULFA admitting to public killings with an incendiary device. August 15 is the 227th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (228th in leap years), with 138 days remaining. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Assam   (Assamese: অসম Ôxôm) is a north eastern state of India with its capital at Dispur, a part of Guwahati. ...


In January 2007, the ULFA once again struck in Assam killing approximately 62 Hindi speaking migrant workers mostly from Bihar. On March 15, 2007, ULFA triggered a blast in Guwahati, injuring six persons as it celebrated its 'army day'. March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (75th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the CE era. ...


Economic subversion

The ULFA has claimed responsibility for bombings of economic targets like crude oil pipelines, freight trains and government buildings, including the 7 August 2005 attack.[4] Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Sarnia, Ontario Petroleum (from Greek petra – rock and elaion – oil or Latin oleum – oil ) or crude oil is a thick, dark brown or greenish liquid. ... Freight is a term used to classify the transportation of cargo and is typically a commercial process. ... An SP freight train west of Chicago in 1992. ...


Recruitment

There are regular media reports of ULFA recruitment drives, especially in the rural areas. Even though many times the estimated original membership have either been captured, killed or have surrendered to government agencies, the continuing presence of ULFA members suggest that these reports are true. Sign in a rural area in Dalarna, Sweden Qichun, a rural town in Hubei province, China An artists rendering of an aerial view of the Maryland countryside: Jane Frank (Jane Schenthal Frank, 1918-1986), Aerial Series: Ploughed Fields, Maryland, 1974, acrylic and mixed materials on apertured double canvas, 52...


Political activities

After 1985 and before it was banned in 1990, ULFA was credited in the media with many public activities. Soon after the demolition of the Babri Masjid in 1992, the ULFA was reported to have stopped Hindu-Muslim riots in the Hojai region of Nagaon district by displaying arms openly. 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ... A view of the Babri Mosque, circa pre-1992. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ...


It has continued a public discourse of sorts through the local media (newspapers), occasionally publishing its position on political issues centred around the nationality question. It has participated in public debates with public personalities from Assam. During the last two local elections the ULFA had called for boycotts, though media reports suggest that it had intimidated activists of the then ruling parties (Congress and AGP respectively). Look up Boycott in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Indian National Congress (also known as the Congress Party and abbreviated INC) is a major political party in India. ...


Fund collection

The ULFA is credited with some bank robberies during its initial stages. Now it is widely reported to extort businessmen, bureaucrats and politicians for collecting funds. In 1997, the Chief Minister of Assam accused Tata Tea of paying the medical bills of the ULFA cultural secretary Pranati Deka at a Mumbai hospital. Burglars Tools Found in the Bank, printed in 1875 in the Canadian Illustrated News Bank robbery is the crime of robbing a bank. ... Extortion is a criminal offense, which occurs when a person either obtains money, property or services from another through coercion or intimidation or threatens one with physical harm unless they are paid money or property. ... Set up in 1964 as a joint venture with UK based James Finlay and Company to develop value-added tea, the Tata Tea Group of Companies, which includes Tata Tea and the UK-based Tetley Group, is the worlds second largest global branded tea operation with product and brand... , “Bombay” redirects here. ...


Other activities

The ULFA is reported to maintain a number of camps in Bangladesh, where members are trained and sheltered away from Indian security forces. Until recently, they had maintained camps in Bhutan, which were destroyed by the Royal Bhutan Army aided by the Special Frontier Force in December, 2003. These camps housed combatants and non-combatant families of ULFA members. The Royal Bhutan Army (RBA), formed in 1950, is the all-volunteer army of the Kingdom of Bhutan. ... The Special Frontier Force are a special forces unit of the Indian military. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The ULFA maintains close relationships with other separatist organisations like NDFB, KLO and NSCN(Khaplang). The Indian Army notes that Flag of the National Democratic Front of Boroland The National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB) is an armed group that seeks to obtain a sovereign Bodoland for the Bodo people in Assam. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...

The ULFA is fighting the jihadi war on behalf of the ISI and taking help from jihadi elements. No doubt they (ULFA leaders) are in a foreign land and are under the control of the ISI which is calling the shots and asking them to do what the ISI wants[5]

SULFA: Surrendered ULFA

Beginning in 1990, the Government of India has attempted to wean away members of the ULFA. This occurred due to the death of the ULFA's deputy C-in-C Heerak Jyoti Mahanta on December 31st, 1991. Mr. Mahanta strongly stood against any kind of surrendering, but after his death it nevertheless happened. In 1992 a large section of second rung leaders and members surrendered to government authorities. These former members were allowed to retain their weapons to defend themselves against their former colleagues and were offered bank loans without any liabilities. This loose group, now called SULFA, has become an important element in the armed politics and business of Assam. However there have been cases of surrenderings being staged for political and economical reasons by local and national goverments. MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ...


Secret killings

During the government of AGP leader Prafulla Mahanta, a number of family members of ULFA leaders were assassinated by unidentified gunmen. With the fall of this government following elections in 2001, the secret killings stopped. Investigations into the killings have since been launched.[citation needed] 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Negotiations/talks

The ULFA has put forward a set of three pre-conditions for talks and negotiations with the Indian government. The government has rejected these pre-conditions. The pre-conditions are:

  1. The talks should be held in a third country.
  2. The talks should be held under United Nations supervision.
  3. The agenda of the talks should include the sovereignty of Assam.

In 2004, the ULFA dropped the first two pre-conditions and offered to talk with the government. The Government of India was not ready to negotiate on the issue of sovereignty. Still some progress was made when the ULFA formed a "People's Consultative Group" in September 2005 to prepare the grounds for an eventual negotiation between the government and ULFA, which the government has welcomed. shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December- → Deaths in September September 28 : Constance Baker Motley September 25 : M. Scott Peck September 25 : Don Adams September 20 : Simon Wiesenthal September 14 : Robert Wise September 10 : Hermann Bondi September 8 : Donald Horne September 7 : Moussa Arafat...


Notes

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) - Terrorist Group of Assam (1600 words)
United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) was formed on April 7, 1979 by Bhimakanta Buragohain, Rajiv Rajkonwar alias Arabinda Rajkhowa, Golap Baruah alias Anup Chetia, Samiran Gogoi alias Pradip Gogoi, Bhadreshwar Gohain and Paresh Baruah at the Rang Ghar in Sibsagar to establish a "sovereign socialist Assam" through an armed struggle.
According to reports, ULFA is in the process of relocating its camps in Myanmar, Mon district of Nagaland, Garo hills of Meghalaya and Tirap and Changlang districts of Arunachal Pradesh.
The Muslim United Liberation Tigers of Assam (MULTA) and Muslim United Liberation Front of Assam (MULFA) are the chief suppliers of arms for the ULFA through Bangladesh.
Incidents involving United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) - Terrorist Group of Assam (10638 words)
An unidentified ULFA cadre was arrested from Siliguri in the Jalpaiguri district of West Bengal.
January 16: A ULFA militant is killed in an encounter with the police at Santipur in the Tinsukia district.
June 3: Self-styled district commander of the ULFA in Nagaon, Siba Rajbongsi alias Rajen Gohain, is arrested by the Army from Diphu in the Karbi Anglong district.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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