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Encyclopedia > United Kingdom general election, 1987
1979 election MPs
1983 election MPs
1987 election MPs
1992 election MPs
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Election 1987 Titles
Election 1987 Titles

The United Kingdom general election of 1987 was held on 11 June 1987 and was the third consecutive victory for the Conservative Party under the leadership of Margaret Thatcher. She was the first Prime Minister since the 2nd Earl of Liverpool to lead a party to three successive elections. Margaret Thatcher James Callaghan David Steel BBC Election 1979 Titles The United Kingdom general election of 1979 was held on May 3, 1979 and is regarded as a pivotal point in 20th century British politics. ... This is a list of members of Parliament elected to the Parliament of the United Kingdom in 1979 in the 1979 general election, for the 48th Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... The UK general election, 1983 was held on June 9, 1983 and gave the Conservatives and Margaret Thatcher the most decisive election victory since that of Labour in 1945. ... This is a list of members of Parliament elected to the Parliament of the United Kingdom in 1983 in the 1983 general election, for the 49th Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... This is a list of members of Parliament elected to the Parliament of the United Kingdom in 1987 in the 1987 general election, for the Fiftieth Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... The UK general election, 1992 was held on April 9, 1992, and was the fourth victory in a row for the Conservatives. ... This is a list of Members of Parliament (MPs) elected to the House of Commons at the 1997 General Election, arranged by constituency. ... The UK general election, 1997 was held on 1 May 1997. ... This is a list of Members of Parliament (MPs) elected to the House of Commons at the 1997 General Election, arranged by constituency. ... Download high resolution version (1360x1452, 445 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Margaret Thatcher ... Download high resolution version (1360x1452, 445 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Margaret Thatcher ... Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC, FRS (born 13 October 1925), is the former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, in office from 1979 to 1990. ... David Martin Scott Steel, Baron Steel of Aikwood This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... David Martin Scott Steel, Baron Steel of Aikwood This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... David Martin Scott Steel, Baron Steel of Aikwood KT PC KBE (born March 31, 1938) is a British and Scottish politician and a Liberal Democrat member of the UK House of Lords. ... Image File history File links Titles_1987. ... Image File history File links Titles_1987. ... June 11 is the 162nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (163rd in leap years), with 203 days remaining. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC, FRS (born 13 October 1925), is the former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, in office from 1979 to 1990. ... The son of George IIIs close adviser Charles Jenkinson, 1st Earl of Liverpool and his part-Indian first wife, Amelia Watts, Robert Jenkinson was educated at Charterhouse School and Christ Church, Oxford. ...


The Conservative government had survived the industrial disputes with mine workers (198485) and print unions (1985–86), and had weathered the 1986 Westland affair even with the resignation of Michael Heseltine and Leon Brittan, and the overall economy was strong. The Labour party at the time was slowly returning to a more centrist stance under new leader Neil Kinnock and was expecting to do much better than in the 1983 election. The SDP and the Liberals renewed their Alliance but co-leaders David Owen and David Steel could not agree whether to support either major party in the event of a hung parliament. 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Westland affair was a political scandal for the Conservative government of Margaret Thatcher in 1986. ... Michael Heseltine walks out of the cabinet meeting having resigned, January 9, 1986 Michael Ray Dibdin Heseltine, Baron Heseltine, CH, PC (born 21 March 1933) is a British Conservative politician and businessman. ... Sir Leon Brittan, Rt. ... The Labour Party has been, since its founding in the early 20th century, the principal political party of the left in the United Kingdom. ... Rt. ... The UK general election, 1983 was held on June 9, 1983 and gave the Conservatives and Margaret Thatcher the most decisive election victory since that of Labour in 1945. ... The Social Democratic Party (SDP) was a political party of the United Kingdom that existed nationwide between 1981 and 1988. ... This article is about the historic Liberal Party. ... The SDP-Liberal Alliance was an electoral alliance of the Social Democratic Party and the Liberal Party in the UK that ran from 1981 to 1988, when the bulk of the two parties merged to form the Social and Liberal Democrats, later referred to as simply the Liberal Democrats. ... The Right Honourable David Anthony Llewellyn Owen, Baron Owen, CH, PC (born July 2, 1938) is a British politician and one of the founders of the British Social Democratic Party (SDP). ... David Martin Scott Steel, Baron Steel of Aikwood KT PC KBE (born March 31, 1938) is a British and Scottish politician and a Liberal Democrat member of the UK House of Lords. ... In Parliamentary systems, a hung parliament is one in which no one political party has an outright majority. ...

Contents

Campaign and policies

The Conservatives' campaign emphasized taxes, a strong economy, and defence, and also employed rapid-response reactions to take advantage of Labour errors. Tim Bell and Saatchi and Saatchi produced memorable posters for the Conservatives, such as a picture of a British soldier's arms raised in surrender with the caption: "Labour's Policy On Arms"—a reference to Labour's policy of unilateral nuclear disarmament. The first Conservative party political broadcast played on the theme of "Freedom" and ended with a fluttering Union Jack, the hymn I Vow to Thee, My Country and the slogan: "It's Great To Be Great Again". Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Saatchi & Saatchi is an advertising agency founded by brothers Maurice (now Lord Saatchi) and art collector Charles, most famous for their campaign on behalf of the Conservative Party before the 1979 UK general election and for the adverts for British Airways and other state owned interests privatised by the Conservatives... A party political broadcast is a short television or radio broadcast made by a political party. ... I Vow to Thee, My Country is a British patriotic song and Anglican hymn. ...


The Labour campaign was a marked change from previous efforts; professionally directed by Peter Mandelson and Bryan Gould, it concentrated on presenting and improving Neil Kinnock's image to the electorate. Labour's first party political broadcast, dubbed Kinnock: The Movie, was directed by Hugh Hudson of Chariots of Fire fame, and concentrated on portraying Kinnock as a caring, compassionate family man. Kinnock's personal popularity jumped 16% overnight after the initial broadcast.[1] This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Bryan Gould (born February 11, United Kingdom, but was born in New Zealand. ... Hugh Hudson (born 25 August 1936) is a British Academy award-nominated film director. ... Chariots of Fire is a British film released in 1981. ...


On 24 May Kinnock was interviewed by David Frost and claimed that Labour's alternative defence strategy in the event of a Soviet attack would be "using the resources you've got to make any occupation totally untenable".[2] In a speech two days later Mrs. Thatcher attacked Labour's defence policy as a programme for "defeat, surrender, occupation, and finally, prolonged guerilla fighting...I do not understand how anyone who aspires to Government can treat the defence of our country so lightly."[3] May 24 is the 144th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (145th in leap years). ... Sir David Paradine Frost, OBE (born April 7, 1939) is an English television presenter. ...


Result

The Conservatives were returned with a 102-seat majority, down 42 on 1983 with a swing of about 1% toward Labour. Increasing polarisation marked divisions across the country: the Conservatives dominated southern England and took additional seats from Labour in the south but performed poorly in Northern England, Scotland, and Wales. Yet the overall result of this election proved that the policies of Margaret Thatcher retained significant support, with the Conservatives given a third convincing majority. Southern England is a vague term referring to the south of England. ... Northern England, The North or North of England is a rather ill-defined term, with no universally accepted definition. ... Motto: (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity1 Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official language(s) English, Gaelic, Scots2 Government  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - UK Prime Minister Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification    - by Kenneth I 843  Area    - Total 78,772 km... This article is about the country. ... Margaret Thatcher Thatcherism is the system of political thought attributed to the governments of Margaret Thatcher, British Prime Minister from 1979 to 1990. ...


Despite initial optimism and the professional campaign run by Neil Kinnock, the election brought only 20 additional seats for Labour from the 1983 landslide. Rt. ...


The result for the Alliance was a disappointment, in that they had hoped to overtake Labour as the second party in the UK in terms of vote share. Instead they lost one net seat and saw their vote share drop by almost 3%, with a widening gap of 8% between them and the Labour party (compared to a 2% gap four years before). These results would eventually lead to the end of the Alliance and the birth of the Liberal Democrats. The Liberal Democrats, often shortened to Lib Dems, are a liberal political party based in the United Kingdom. ...


Most of the prominent MPs retained their seats. Notable failures included Enoch Powell and two Alliance members, Liberal Clement Freud and former SDP leader Roy Jenkins. Simon Heffers biography of Enoch Powell, published in 1999 John Enoch Powell, MBE, PC, (June 16, 1912 – February 8, 1998) was a right-wing British politician and Conservative Party Member of Parliament (MP) between 1950 and February 1974, and an Ulster Unionist MP between October 1974 and 1987. ... Sir Clement Freud Sir Clement Raphael Freud (born April 24, 1924) is a British writer, broadcaster, and politician. ... Roy Harris Jenkins, Baron Jenkins of Hillhead, OM, PC (November 11, 1920 – January 5, 2003) was a British politician and a prominent Labour Member of Parliament in the 1960s and 1970s, and founding member of the Social Democratic Party (SDP). ...


In Northern Ireland the various unionist parties maintained an electoral pact (with a few dissenters) in opposition to the Anglo-Irish Agreement. Motto:  (Latin for Who will separate us?)[1] Anthem: UK: God Save the Queen Regional: (de facto) Londonderry Air Capital Belfast Largest city Belfast Official language(s) English (de facto), Ulster Scots, Irish3, Northern Ireland Sign Language, Irish Sign Language Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister of... In the context of Irish politics, Unionists are people in Northern Ireland, who wish to see the continuation of the Act of Union 1800, as amended by the Government of Ireland Act 1920, under which Northern Ireland, created in that latter Act, remains part of the United Kingdom of Great... The Anglo-Irish Agreement was an agreement between the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland which aimed to bring an end to the Troubles in Northern Ireland. ...


Turnout: 32,530,204 (75.3%)


Results

UK General Election 1987
Party Seats Gains Losses Net Gain/Loss Seats % Votes % Votes +/-
  Conservative 376 9 30 - 21 42.2 13,760,935 - 0.2
  Labour 229 26 6 + 20 30.8 10,029,270 + 3.2
  SDP-Liberal Alliance 22 (5 + 17) 5 6 - 1 22.6 7,341,651 - 2.8
  Scottish National Party 3 3 2 + 1 1.3 416,473 + 0.2
  Ulster Unionist 9 0 2 - 2 0.8 276,230 0.0
  Social Democratic and Labour 3 2 0 + 2 0.5 154,067 + 0.1
  Plaid Cymru 3 1 0 + 1 0.4 123,599 0.0
  Green 0 0 0 0 0.3 89,753 + 0.1
  Democratic Unionist 3 0 0 0 0.3 85,642 - 0.2
  Sinn Féin 1 0 0 0 0.3 83,389 0.0
  Alliance (NI) 0 0 0 0 0.2 72,671 0.0
  Workers Party 0 0 0 0 0.1 19,294 + 0.1
  Ulster Popular Unionist 1 0 0 0 0.1 18,420 0.0
  Real Unionist 0 0 0 0 0.1 14,467 N/A
  Communist 0 0 0 0 0.0 6,078 0.0
  Protestant Unionist 0 0 0 0 0.0 5,671 N/A
  Red Front 0 0 0 0 0.0 3,177 N/A
  Orkney and Shetland Movement 0 0 0 0 0.0 3,095 N/A
  Moderate Labour 0 0 0 0 0.0 2,269 N/A
  Monster Raving Loony 0 0 0 0 0.0 1,951 0.0
  Workers' Revolutionary 0 0 0 0 0.0 1,721 0.0
  Independent Liberal 0 0 0 0 0.0 686
  British National 0 0 0 0 0.0 553
  Independent Green 0 0 0 0 0.0 522

All parties gaining over 500 votes listed. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Labour Party has been, since its founding in the early 20th century, the principal political party of the left in the United Kingdom. ... The SDP-Liberal Alliance was an electoral alliance of the Social Democratic Party and the Liberal Party in the UK that ran from 1981 to 1988, when the bulk of the two parties merged to form the Social and Liberal Democrats, later referred to as simply the Liberal Democrats. ... The Scottish National Party (SNP) (Scottish Gaelic: is a centre-left political party which campaigns for Scottish independence. ... The Ulster Unionist Party (UUP, sometimes referred to as the Official Unionist Party or OUP or, in a historic sense, simply the Unionist Party ) is a moderate unionist political party in Northern Ireland, which formed its government between 1921 and 1972 and was supported by most unionists throughout the Troubles. ... The Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP — Irish: Páirtí Sóisialta Daonlathach an Lucht Oibre) is the smaller of the two major nationalist parties in Northern Ireland. ... Plaid Cymru (pronounced IPA: ) – The Party of Wales, is the principal nationalist political party in Wales. ... The Green Party was formed in 1973 as the Ecology Party. ... DUP redirects here. ... Sinn Féin (pronounced in English, in Irish) is a name used by a series of Irish political movements of the 20th century, each of which claimed sole descent from the original party established by Arthur Griffith in 1905. ... The Alliance Party of Northern Ireland (APNI), is a political party operating in Northern Ireland. ... The Workers Party (in Irish Páirtí na nOibrithe) is an Irish left wing political party that evolved from Official Sinn Féin. ... The Ulster Popular Unionist Party was a unionist political party in Northern Ireland. ... Robert McCartney QC MLA (born 1936) often known as Bob, is a Northern Ireland Barrister, unionist politician, and leader of the UK Unionist Party, and the only UKUP member of the currently-suspended Northern Ireland Assembly. ... The Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB) was the largest communist party in the United Kingdom. ... George Seawright was a controversial Unionist politician in Northern Ireland who was killed in the Troubles. ... Red Front was a socialist electoral coalition which stood candidates in the 1987 UK general election. ... The Orkney and Shetland Movement was an electoral coalition formed for the 1987 UK general election. ... The Moderate Labour Party was a minor political party in the United Kingdom. ... The Official Monster Raving Loony Party (OMRLP) is a registered political party established in the United Kingdom in 1983 by musician and anti-politician David Sutch, also known as Screaming Lord Sutch (1940-1999). ... Logo of the current Workers Revolutionary Party The Workers Revolutionary Party is a small Trotskyist political party in the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the modern party. ...


See also

This is a list of members of Parliament elected to the Parliament of the United Kingdom in 1987 in the 1987 general election, for the Fiftieth Parliament of the United Kingdom. ...

References

  1. ^ David Butler and Dennis Kavanagh, The British General Election of 1987 (Macmillan, 1988), p. 154.
  2. ^ TV-AM (24 May, 1987)
  3. ^ Speech to Conservative Rally in Newport (26 May, 1987)
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