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Encyclopedia > United Kingdom general election, 1945
1935 election
1945 election
1950 election

The United Kingdom General Election of 1945 held on 5 July 1945 but not counted and declared until 26 July 1945 (due to the time it took to transport the votes of those serving overseas) was one of the most significant general elections of the 20th century. The UK general election held on 14th November 1935 resulted in a large, though reduced, majority for the National Government now led by Stanley Baldwin. ... The United Kingdom general election in 1950 was the first general election ever after a full term of a Labour government. ... Clement Atlee File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Clement Atlee File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Clement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl Attlee, KG, OM, CH, PC (3 January 1883 – 8 October 1967) was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1945 to 1951. ... PD image from http://www. ... PD image from http://www. ... The Rt Hon. ... July 5 is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 179 days remaining. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... July 26 is the 207th day (208th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 158 days remaining. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... United Kingdom general elections are the times when the Members of Parliament forming the House of Commons are elected. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the...


Held just months after VE Day, it was the first general election to be held since 1935, as general elections had been suspended during World War II. It resulted in the shock election defeat of the Conservatives led by Winston Churchill and the landslide victory of the Labour Party led by Clement Attlee, who won a majority of 145 seats. Victory in Europe Day (V-E Day) was May 8, 1945, the date when the Allies during the Second World War formally celebrated the defeat of Nazi Germany and the end of Adolf Hitlers Reich. ... The UK general election held on 14th November 1935 resulted in a large, though reduced, majority for the National Government now led by Stanley Baldwin. ... Combatants Allies: Poland, British Commonwealth, France/Free France, Soviet Union, United States, China, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, and others Casualties Military dead:17 million Civilian dead:33 million Total dead:50 million Military dead:8 million Civilian dead:4 million Total dead:12 million World War II... The Conservative Party is the largest political brothel on the right-of-centre in the United Kingdom. ... The Rt Hon. ... The Labour Party has since its formation in the early 20th century been the principal left wing political party of the United Kingdom (see British politics). ... Clement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl Attlee, KG, OM, CH, PC (3 January 1883 – 8 October 1967) was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1945 to 1951. ...


The result of the election was almost totally unexpected, given the heroic status of Winston Churchill, but reflected the voters' belief that the Labour Party were better able to rebuild the country following the war than the Conservatives. Churchill and the Conservatives are also generally considered to have run a poor campaign in comparison to Labour; Churchill's statement that Attlee's program would require a Gestapo-esque body to implement is considered to have been particularly poorly-judged. Equally, whilst voters respected and liked Churchill's wartime record, they were more broadly distrustful of the Conservative Party's domestic and foreign policy record in the late thirties. (It is worth remembering that the last election had been held in 1935, and voters had been given no opportunity, due to the war, to "let off steam" electorally between then and 1945.) Labour had also been given, during the war, the opportunity to display to the electorate their domestic competence in government under men such as Ernest Bevin at the Ministry of Labour. The Deaths Head emblem similar to Skull and crossbones, often used as the insignia of the Gestapo The (help· info) (contraction of Geheime Staatspolizei; secret state police) was the official secret police of Nazi Germany. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Ernest Bevin (9 March 1881 - 14 April 1951), British labour leader, politician, and statesman, was born in a small village in Somerset, England. ...


The Labour Party ran on promises to create full employment, a tax funded universal National Health Service, and a cradle-to-grave welfare state. The logo of the NHS for England. ... It has been suggested that Welfare capitalism be merged into this article or section. ...


Results

UK General Election 1945
Party Seats Gains Losses Net Gain/Loss Seats % Votes % Votes +/-
  Labour 393 + 239 49.71 11,967,746
  Conservative 197 - 190 36.20 8,716,211
  Liberal 12 - 9 9.04 2,177,938
  National Liberal 11 - 22 2.9 686,652
  Independent 8 6 0 + 6 0.6 133,191
  National 2 2 1 + 1 0.5 130,513
  Common Wealth 1 1 0 + 1 0.5 110,634
  Communist 2 1 0 + 1 0.4 97,945
  Irish Nationalist 2 0 0 0 0.4 92,819
  National Independent 2 0 0.3 65,171
  Independent Labour 2 0 0.3 63,135
  Independent Conservative 2 2 0 0 0.2 57,823
  Ind. Labour Party 3 0 1 - 1 0.2 46,769
  Independent Progressive 1 1 0 + 1 0.1 35,072
  Independent Liberal 2 2 0 + 2 0.1 30,450
  Scottish National Party 0 0 0 0 0.1 26,707
  Plaid Cymru 0 0 0 0 0.0 16,017
  Commonwealth Labour 0 0 0 0 0.0 14,096
  Independent Nationalist 0 0 0 0 0.0 5,430
  Liverpool Protestant 0 0 0 0 0.0 2,601
  Christian Pacifist 0 0 0 0 0.0 2,381
  Democratic 0 0 0 0 0.0 1,809
  Agriculturist 0 0 0 0 0.0 1,068
  Socialist Party (GB) 0 0 0 0 0.0 472
  Independent Socialist 0 0 0 0 0.0 300

Total votes cast: 24,073,025. All parties shown. Conservative total includes Ulster Unionists. The Labour Party has since its formation in the early 20th century been the principal left wing political party of the United Kingdom (see British politics). ... The Conservative Party is the largest political brothel on the right-of-centre in the United Kingdom. ... The Liberal Party was one of the two major British political parties from the early 19th century until the 1920s, and a third party of varying strength and importance up to 1988, when it merged with the Social Democratic Party (the SDP) to form a new party which would become... National Liberal Party was a name used by two groups of politicians, who had formerly been associated with the Liberal Party. ... In the United Kingdom the term National Government is in an abstract sense used to refer to a coalition of some or all major political parties. ... The Common Wealth Party was a socialist political group active in the United Kingdom in the Second World War. ... The Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB) was the largest communist party in the United Kingdom. ... The Nationalist Party existed under various froms from 1874 to 1973. ... The Independent Labour Party (ILP) was a former political party in the United Kingdom. ... In Scotland, the Scottish National Party (SNP) is a centre-left political party which campaigns for Scottish independence. ... Plaid, in full Plaid Cymru (pronounced IPA: ) – The Party of Wales, is the principal nationalist political party in Wales. ... The Commonwealth Labour Party was a minor political party in Northern Ireland. ... The Liverpool Protestant Party (LPP) were a minor political party operating in the city of Liverpool in northwest England. ... The Democratic Party was formed in 1942, during the Second World War, in support of free enterprise, although supportive of limiting excessive individual incomes. ... Arguing against capitalism, Speakers Corner, October 31, 2004 The Socialist Party of Great Britain, also known as the SPGB, is a small Marxist party, which is emphatically not Leninist. ... The Ulster Unionist Party (UUP, sometimes referred to as the Official Unionist Party or OUP) is a political party in Northern Ireland representing the unionist community, and was the party of government in Northern Ireland between 1921 and 1972. ...


Reason for Labour victory

With the Second World War coming to an end in Europe, King George VI called a general election. What followed was perhaps one of the greatest swings of public confidence of the 20th century. Labour won overwhelming support while 'Churchill... was both surprised and stunned' by the crushing defeat suffered by the conservatives. How this swing of opinion came about is not only due the failings of the Conservative Party but also to Labour's manifesto of social reform. George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George Windsor) (14 December 1895 – 6 February 1952) was the third British monarch of the House of Windsor, reigning from 11 December 1936 until his death. ...


With the war drawing to an end by 1945, the National Government sought to call an election in a bid to return to a two party system. As Churchill's personal popularity remained high, Conservatives were confident of victory and based much of their election campaign on this, rather than propose new programs. Meanwhile, Labour offered a new comprehensive welfare policy, reflecting a general consensus that social improvements were needed. The Conservatives were not willing to make the same concessions that Labour proposed, and hence appeared disjointed with public support. In the United Kingdom the term National Government is in an abstract sense used to refer to a coalition of some or all major political parties. ...


In addition to the poor Conservative election strategy, Churchill went so far as to accuse Attlee of seeking to behave as a dictator, in spite of Attlee's service in Churchill's war cabinet. Another blow to the Conservative campaign was the memory of the 1930s policy of appeasement, which had been conducted by Churchill's Conservative predecessor, Neville Chamberlain. This policy led many to blame the Conservatives for the outbreak of the war, damaging its re-election efforts. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The factual accuracy of this article is disputed. ... Arthur Neville Chamberlain, PC (18 March 1869 – 9 November 1940) was a Conservative British politician and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1937 to 1940. ...


The single greatest factor in Labour's dramatic win appeared to be the policy of social reform. In one opinion poll, 41 percent of respondents considered housing to be the single most important issue that faced the country. The welfare state, based on the Beveridge report, proposed a dramatic turn in British social policy, with provisions for nationalised health care, expanded education, national insurance and a new housing policy. William Henry Beveridge (March 5, 1879_1963) was a British economist and social reformer. ...


See also

United Kingdom general elections Flag of the United Kingdom
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  Results from FactBites:
 
Wikipedia: Politics of the United Kingdom (3634 words)
After performing poorly in the elections of 1922, 1923 and 1924, the Liberal Party was superseded by the Labour Party as the party of the left, and inheritor of the spirit of the Whig movement.
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Dr. Richard Taylor MP was elected for the Wyre Forest constituency in the 2001 election, on a platform opposing the closure of Kidderminster hospital.
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